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  • Tags = Box 19 Folder 17
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Box 19, Folder 17, Document 20

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_019_017_020.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 19, Folder 17, Document 20
  • Text: f ,· 1· ff'. ,,;,.r I>· . . -,;r~;fk~fa~s Smic'~ ... ~·-· ~>,f Joe-Pye Ridge on ~hec143.215.248.55o Road /_ / ' <;';«-< _ ' I 23 0 p;~ · e,, \ -f ') ( Clayton, Georgia l b ,\ UG .:::/ -~ Honorabl e Ivan Allen , J r. Na y or, Cit)' of Atl anta City Hall Atlanta, Georgia +143.215.248.55 16:46, 29 December 2017 (EST) . , - ---.,, �• ~- ( �
  • Tags: Box 19, Box 19 Folder 17, Folder topic: Letters expressing appreciation for Ivan Allen's stand on the public accommodations bill | 1963
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 19, Folder 17, Document 21

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_019_017_021.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 19, Folder 17, Document 21
  • Text: • -Associated P ress Wl.rephoto Jvan Allen Jr. . . . Calls f or accommodations action. Atlanta Chief Aslcs Ol{eh For 'Rights' Washington Post Co. WASHINGTON, July 26 The mayor of Atlanta told Congress Friday it must enact 11 public accommodations law or southern citirs like Atlanta that have tried to ban di ·crimination may !'lip back into segregated patterns. MAYOR IVAN ALLEN Jr. broke the solid line oI outht>rn opposition to civil rights legislation as he injected this new note into the hearing of the Senate Commerce Committee. '·Failure to pass this bill." aid Allen, "would amount, by inference, to an endor~ement of private busines5 settin~ up an entirely new tatus of dis<'rimination throughout the nation . "Cities like Atlanta might sJlp backwards." Hotels and restauran t that have already taken this i . ue upon them elves and opened thf'ir doors might find it ron\'f'nient to go bac·k to the olrl i.tatus . . . in m . �of squa bbles an d demon trations th a t we have had in the pas t" , "I F I RAD YOUR p r obl em . a r m ed w ith the l0cal exper iPnce I have had, I w ould pass a oublir accommodation s bill," said Alli:n. He asked t hat sou t hern communi t ies be g iven time to make the adjustment voluntarily before being hauled in to court. In J'esnonse to qi.1estions. lie suggested a two-year g race period for cities . :mil more for sma.JJ communities. " But t he point I want to em n ha size a ga in." he saici . "is that now is thP tim e for le'!iS· lative action. We cannot dodge ·t he iss ue." "\ VE i.\IUST take a ction now 1o ass ure a greater future for our citizens and our country ... the elimination of segregat ion. which is slaverv's steoehild. is a chall en'!e t o aU of us to make ever~, American free in fact as well a s in t heory." T his stron i; statem ent in hehalf or equal ri ghts from a 52:vea r-old na ti ve of Georgia deeply moved liberal members of t he committee. "l THINK." :-iAlD Actin!; Chair ma n John 0 . Pa tore fDR.I. l. "that w hen Presid Pnt Kenned v wrote his book 'Profil es in ·courage' he was t hinkinl! of you." It al so lea t o a sh arp exr han qe between P a tore r111d Sen. Strom Thurmond CD-S.C.l, all-out oooonent of an y civil r ights legislation. WHEN THURMON D a skPd Allen i r h e would favor the ]P-:ris]ation even if. it m eant dosin g every r estaurant in Georgia. P astore cut him off, call in g it a "loaded" qu e!' tion or th e h ave-you -5toppPd-bea tinJZ-yo ur-wife? type. P a to re said he wouldn 't nPrmif qu estion s a ked to emba rrass witnesse~ a nd to "r atc h tomorrow m ornin g's headl ine ." " I DON'T WAN'.I.' t he mayor to go home and be kn own as t he m an who wants to close all the little restaurants in Georgia," said Pastore. T hurmond called P astore', action "improper" a nd sa id he resented t he "insinuation" 1:ha he had asked an unfair q uestion. He said he was try in. only to get the tru th to the American people. You1· tl'uth is not my tl'Uf-11," snapped Pastol'e. When the audienee ap plauded, T h u r m o n d called them ·']eftwingers" and aid he was " urprised" that Pastor permitted the audience re action. �
  • Tags: Box 19, Box 19 Folder 17, Folder topic: Letters expressing appreciation for Ivan Allen's stand on the public accommodations bill | 1963
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 19, Folder 17, Document 22

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_019_017_022.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 19, Folder 17, Document 22
  • Text: Mrs. David E. Hein 125 Blackland Road, N.W., Atlanta 5, Georgia July 30, 1963 Dean Mayor Allen, How proud I am of your speech to the Senate Committee of Commerce last Friday!! Your openmindedness, courage, and humility -- combined with your great love for Atlanta -- have rapidly moved you into the realms of Wisdom and Leadership. For decades, Atlanta has been blessed with fine leadership, and now it appears that we are going on to even greater heights! Thank you! Sincerely, Virginia Hein
  • Tags: Box 19, Box 19 Folder 17, Folder topic: Letters expressing appreciation for Ivan Allen's stand on the public accommodations bill | 1963
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: January 2, 2018

Box 19, Folder 17, Document 32

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_019_017_032.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 19, Folder 17, Document 32
  • Text: 7 East 86th. Street New York 28, N. Y. July 27th. 1963 To the Wia yor of Atlanta, Atl a nta, Ga. Dear lVfr. Allen, Having read in the New York Times an account of your testimonybefore the Senate Commerce committee I feel I must tell you of my appreciation of ev e ry word you said. I am a southerner; my father was a confederate soldier. You are a christian stateman, a gentleman and a scholar. The world needs more men of your type and courag e. May you be able to convince those who do not ag ree with you of the folly of their way s. Sincerely, Mrs. J ame s Getaz. �
  • Tags: Box 19, Box 19 Folder 17, Folder topic: Letters expressing appreciation for Ivan Allen's stand on the public accommodations bill | 1963
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 19, Folder 17, Document 37

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_019_017_037.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 19, Folder 17, Document 37
  • Text: ��( I _• .. ., \ ,, U' \ J L l ') r,3 , <' ~/ j �/ �
  • Tags: Box 19, Box 19 Folder 17, Folder topic: Letters expressing appreciation for Ivan Allen's stand on the public accommodations bill | 1963
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 19, Folder 17, Document 40

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_019_017_040.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 19, Folder 17, Document 40
  • Text:
  • Tags: Box 19, Box 19 Folder 17, Folder topic: Letters expressing appreciation for Ivan Allen's stand on the public accommodations bill | 1963
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 19, Folder 17, Document 41

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_019_017_041.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 19, Folder 17, Document 41
  • Text: �r M8 NM GS .-..Q)\-:)NI J..lJl<'J t..... )ltl). . W i ...,,.. .... o, Otl VJ ~/}~~ N'I .' ••••I .-: • •• I -·: . . ,,..-..,..-......•...... .. .. .-.-..-. .....................•....••.... ._ _,._ • • •••• ...•••• ••• �• ~ ~ ~ ,:. - ~ -·~· - �r ~;~ ·, p ~ ~ - N ~...t:_,0._J "1 v ~ '2 ~ ({ 7 w �
  • Tags: Box 19, Box 19 Folder 17, Folder topic: Letters expressing appreciation for Ivan Allen's stand on the public accommodations bill | 1963
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 19, Folder 17, Document 42

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_019_017_042.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 19, Folder 17, Document 42
  • Text: �~- TH IS S I DE OF CARCf"IS FOR ADDRESS / ~~;Ju;?V ~~ 4~~/~ �
  • Tags: Box 19, Box 19 Folder 17, Folder topic: Letters expressing appreciation for Ivan Allen's stand on the public accommodations bill | 1963
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 19, Folder 17, Document 54

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_019_017_054.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 19, Folder 17, Document 54
  • Text: ���
  • Tags: Box 19, Box 19 Folder 17, Folder topic: Letters expressing appreciation for Ivan Allen's stand on the public accommodations bill | 1963
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 19, Folder 17, Document 55

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_019_017_055.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 19, Folder 17, Document 55
  • Text:
  • Tags: Box 19, Box 19 Folder 17, Folder topic: Letters expressing appreciation for Ivan Allen's stand on the public accommodations bill | 1963
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 19, Folder 17, Document 59

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_019_017_059.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 19, Folder 17, Document 59
  • Text: MR.s. FLEMING L AW 4050 E. BROOKHAVEN DRIVE ATLANTA 19, GEORGIA July 27, 1963. Mayor Ivan Allen, Jr. Atlanta, Ga. Dear Mayor Allen, May I take this opportunity to commend and congratulate you on your courageous stand in the hearings of the Congressional Committee on civil rights? Your leadership in these troubled times makes me proud to be an Atlantan, and I only wish that our Congressional representatives had more of the insight into the problems that you have displayed. Sincerely, /J 7Y J ~ A, · ~ Mrs. Fleming Law �
  • Tags: Box 19, Box 19 Folder 17, Folder topic: Letters expressing appreciation for Ivan Allen's stand on the public accommodations bill | 1963
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 19, Folder 17, Document 71

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_019_017_071.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 19, Folder 17, Document 71
  • Text: \ MRs. THOMAS V. BocKMAN 356 PINETREE DRIVEN. E. ATLANTA 5, GEORGIA �
  • Tags: Box 19, Box 19 Folder 17, Folder topic: Letters expressing appreciation for Ivan Allen's stand on the public accommodations bill | 1963
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 19, Folder 17, Document 72

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_019_017_072.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 19, Folder 17, Document 72
  • Text: nso, /91;; 3 7:143.215.248.55,J_~ ~ 7 ~~ ~ ��
  • Tags: Box 19, Box 19 Folder 17, Folder topic: Letters expressing appreciation for Ivan Allen's stand on the public accommodations bill | 1963
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 19, Folder 17, Document 77

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_019_017_077.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 19, Folder 17, Document 77
  • Text: �•• • 0 1111 - hire her, but I wanted her to know that we had several Negro girls on the staff and she would have to work closely with them, eat in the same employees' lunch room, and treat them courteously. Her reply was, "We don't do it that way where I come from, but if you say that is the way it has to be, I'll give it a try." It wasn't a month before I saw her and a Negro girl returning from a coffee break, arm in arm. Unfortunately, there are still businesses in my community, and in yours, that practice discrimination in hiring, mainly because they are afraid to make the break. I understand this, because I was afraid, too. However, the time is so late on the clock of human relations that we need to encourage these businessmen to make a start toward integrating their staffs. Our best hope for the future, in my opinion, is in the schools. If we could get really integrated schools much of the prejudice that still exists would, in a generation, disappear. My children go to a school that is 90 per cent Negro. Because it is a good, well-run school, they are happy even in this minority situation. But it would be so much better for all concerned in this school if the percentage of white children could get to be 25 per cent of the school population. We are working hard to achieve that goal. In addition to three children born to us, my wife and I have an adopted American Japanese daughter named Jill . One day, when she was seven years old, Jill came home from school and said ; "Daddy, I wish I could be Negro at school and white at home." She hasn't been able to achieve that, but last month her 5th grade classmates did elect her for an "Outstanding Student Award," so apparently she has solved her problems in other ways. I seriously doubt if we do our children any favors by making their lives too easy, considering the world which they will be inheriting. from us. In closing, I want to express my appreciation, and I'm sure, that of the other awardees, not just for the award, but also for the continuing work of the N ational Conference of Christians and Jews in furthering true brotherhood. I want to urge that we all keep everlastingly at the job of making the practice of brotherhood a reality in our homes, in our schools, in our businesses, and in our communities. 1:11 a0 0 a -• a • •DI -0 0 c:I �by WALKER SANDBACH It seems a little strange to me to be accepting an award for doing what comes naturally. In my case.and I imagine many of the awardees here today could say the same, the award probably belongs to my parents and to my teachers. There are others who practice brotherhood when they, because of their background and up-bringing, don't believe in it and don't like it. I have friends in that position, and I have great admiration for them. They do it out of a sense of fairness and, sometimes, economic necessity. They have practiced brotherhood while deep within they have wished desperately that the tremendous changes in our social and economic life had never occurred. It is interesting to contemplate on how we arrive at the beliefs and principles which. guide our lives. A short time ago my father, who is a Methodist minister in Iowa, was visiting me. 1 was telling him, with some pride, of this award. He replied, "I'm not surprised that you are getting an award for practising brotherhood, because that is what we taught you. What I don't understand is why you accepted our teachings on brotherhood but completely ignored our training and example in politics." Fortunately, brotherhood knows no party lines. If vou were to poll this group of awardees I am sure you would find both major parties well represented. I personally am very much encouraged by the progress that has been made in Chicago . toward . t?e ideal of having jobs available on the basis of ab1hty without regard to race, or color, or creed. Of course, we still have a long way to go. When I hired my first Negro sales girl in 1947 I was told by some of my business friends that _I w~s committing econom::: suicide. The first day this glfl went on duty, I began to wonder if they were right. I manage a Co-op supermarket. This girl was hi~ed as a checker. At one time during that first mornmg two other girls who were also on duty were doing stock work on the floor, leaving the Negro girl as the only checker. A customer refused to be checked out by her and called for the manager. When I arrived she said, "I'm going to sit-down until you bri~g on a white girl. I'm not going to have a colored glfl handling my food." I don't need to tell you how ridiculous was her stand. Her calling this girl colored reminds me of a recent suggestion by Harry Golden, editor of the Carolina Israelite. He says, "Since so many people insist on referring to Negroes as colored, we should start referring to whites as colorless." Then newspapers could run stories of today's event as follows: "The James M. Yard Brotherhood A ward ceremonies, held today at City Hall, was attended by a large group of colored and colorless people." To return to the woman who was on a sit-down strike, I told her she was welcome to sit. I even got a box for her to sit on. She had to wait an hour until the other girls were needed at the checkouts. You know, that was the only trouble we ever h ad. And yet, how close I came at that point to backing down on my decision to have an integrated staff because I had half accepted the propaganda that disaster would strike if we tried to serve the public with an integrated staff. I was told by some that I would lose most of my employees and half of my customers. Actually, we lost no employees and our business has prospered. It has prospered, as it turned out, in part just because we have had a policy of being willing to hire people of many different races, creeds and nationality backgrounds. We now include in our staff of 50: American Negroes; American Japanese; an American Puerto Rican; and an American Indian. In the matter of creeds we have had Buddhists, Jews, Catholics, and Prostestants, as well as some young men who thought they were agnostics or atheists. One of our advertising slogans has been that the Co-op is a United Nations in miniature. Recently a newspaper reporter asked me if our open hiring policy wo uld work in places other than H yde Park, which is a community of people of many races and creeds. My answer was that we had copied from Gimbel's in New York the idea of using the United N ations approach in advertising our integrated staff. It has worked . In addition, I was able to say that today our open hiring policy is not an uncommon one in Chicago and more and more retail businesses, particularly in the field of food distribution, h ave open hiring policies. Another interesting incident comes to mind that I want to tell you about. Several years after we hired our first Negro, I had an application for a checker's job from a colorless girl with a strong southern accent. She h ad just arrived in Chicago and was an experienced checker. I told her I would like to hire her, but I wanted her to know that we had several Negro girls on the staff and she would have to work closely with them, eat in the same employees' lunch room, and treat them courteously. Her reply was, "We don't do it that way where I come from , but if you say that is the way it has to be, I'll give it a try." It wasn't a month before I saw her and a Negro girl returning from a coffee break, arm in arm. Unfortunately, there are still businesses in my community, and in yours, that practice discrimination in hiring, mainly because they are afraid to m ake the break. I understand this, because I was afraid, too. However, the time is so late on the clock of human relations that we need to encourage these businessmen to make a start toward integrating their staffs: Our best hope for the future, in my opinion, is in the schools. If we could get really integrated schools much of the prejudice that still exists would, in a generation, disappear. My children go to a school that is 90 per cent Negro. Because it is a good, well-run school, they are happy even in this minority situation. But it would be so much better for all concerned in this school if the percentage of white children could get to be 25 per cent of the school population. We are working hard to achieve that goal. In addition to three children born to us, my wife and I have a n adopted American Japanese daughter named Jill. One day, when she was seven years old, Jill came home from school and said; "D addy, I wish I could be Negro at school and white at home." She hasn't been able to achieve that, but last month her 5th grade classmates did elect her for an "Outstanding Student Award," so apparently she has solved her problems in other ways. I seriously doubt if we do our children any favors by making their lives too easy, considering the world which they will be inheriting from us. In closing, I want to express m y appreciation, and I'm sure, that of the other awardees, not just for the award, but also for the continuing work of the N ational Conference of Christians and Jews in furthering true brotherhood. I want to urge that we all keep everlastingly at the job of making the practice of brotherhood a reality in our homes, in our schools, in our businesses, and in our communities. -• ·o 1:9 • •II -0 c:I ��
  • Tags: Box 19, Box 19 Folder 17, Folder topic: Letters expressing appreciation for Ivan Allen's stand on the public accommodations bill | 1963
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 19, Folder 17, Document 79

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_019_017_079.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 19, Folder 17, Document 79
  • Text: r d/1-i~ . C!.l'i.a-ile~ J. d\.fegwn 705 -3 7 63-i,l :L) ,z.i
  • Tags: Box 19, Box 19 Folder 17, Folder topic: Letters expressing appreciation for Ivan Allen's stand on the public accommodations bill | 1963
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 19, Folder 17, Document 80

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_019_017_080.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 19, Folder 17, Document 80
  • Text: WILLIAM M . SACICS 71 MAITIN ST., APT. 21 CAMIIIDGE 38, MASS. ,, O z. 1 ; <\ , r(;: i 1_ \ ;.~;_.-_o , • J ·<) ~ s ~, : ( THIS SIDE OF CARD IS FOR ADDRESS ) ~G'\_ ~ ~ Ll-Stt,JQ Att"-"-~) ~~ , J;., �~ - �
  • Tags: Box 19, Box 19 Folder 17, Folder topic: Letters expressing appreciation for Ivan Allen's stand on the public accommodations bill | 1963
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 19, Folder 17, Document 92

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_019_017_092.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 19, Folder 17, Document 92
  • Text: /;~~ fhr;~ ~~da ~ ~~ ~tr,.J143.215.248.55 i!~P~ · ~ cl~~ 143.215.248.55 ~ ~~ ~ zJ~-h.ucv~ h_/ ~"~t,..,r~--- 7. - �/ �I �
  • Tags: Box 19, Box 19 Folder 17, Folder topic: Letters expressing appreciation for Ivan Allen's stand on the public accommodations bill | 1963
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 19, Folder 17, Document 93

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_019_017_093.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 19, Folder 17, Document 93
  • Text: THE NEW YORK TIMES, SUNDAY, · JULY SE ~ht Ntnr f grk ~imts. \ s. ADOLP H 0 CH S, Publisher 1896-1935 O RV IL E. DR YF OO S , Publisher 1961-1963 P UBLISHED EVERY DAY IN THE YEAR BY THE NEW YORK TIMES COMPANY ARTH UR H AY S SULZB E RGER_, Chairman of the Board AR T HUR OC H S S U LZBERG·ER, President and. Publisher HA RDI N G F . B AN CRO FT, "Vice President and Secretary FR AN CIS A. Co x, After t he Treaty '1: v ·· 4 .,. ... ~ • The historic t reaty between the United States, Britain and Soviet Russia banning all nuclear weapons tests in the atmosphere, under water and in outer space is being hailed throughout the world as a promising beginning of a new epoch in E ast-West r elations. After all the bleak years of cold war and the recurring crises that found their climax in the near-collision over Cuba, the world breathes easier t oday and there is new hope that it can banish the threat of nuclear holocaust. But, important as the treaty is for what it 11ays and what it may portend, it · is at best only a start toward larger goals. President Kennedy rightly warns that it is not t he millennium and that the r oad ahead is still long and rocky. As he pointed out, it is a limited treaty which does not even stop all tests; though it would stop further lethal fallout. Both real disarmament and the political settlements that must go hand in hand with it remain far off. The key to a solution of these problems is largely in Soviet hands. Premier Khrushchev agreed t o the t est-ban t reaty be had previoUBly rejected because, as Under Secretary of State Harriman says, he "very much wanted one at thiJI t ime." The Soviet ruler says he wants more agreements. If so, the West will do its utmost t o reach t hem. But will Khrushchev? And on what terms ? The hard fac t is that Soviet Russia's signat ure on t he t reaty does not mark the end of ·it s drive t oward .a. Communist world t riumph, though it may 110w pursue that goal by means short of nuclear war. In faC'I:, both the treaty and the "nonaggressipn pact " Russia wants may become weapons in the Soviet "peace" arsenal - to line up Asia and Africa against the "warmongering" Chinese Communists and to soften up the West for political settlements t hat would impair its alliances. As Mr. Khrushchev told the Chinese: "The struggle for peace, for peaceful coexistence, is organically bound up with the revolutionary struggle against imperialism. It weakens the front of imperialism, isolates its more aggressive circles from the masses of the people and helps in the struggle for national liberation," The West is warned. Furthermore, the treaty itself can be abrogated if "extraordinary events" jeopardize "the supreme interests" of any of its signatories. The Russians insisted on this reservation, over a narrower definition proposed by the West, as an obvious safeguard against nuclear armament by other powers. They · may have Germany in mind and certainly they are concerned about Communist China, which boasts that it will soon break the "white" nuclear monopoly. They may Trea$urer to very little ? Is it not a game that every country is playing with every other ? A game that nobody can win? A game that isn't worth the effort? Adjusting to Automation The United Steelworkers of America and the employers with whom it deals have again demonstrated that collective bargaining can produce constructive answers to the problems of technological change without tests of economic muscle or Government coercion. The contracts just reached by the union and the major aluminum producers r epresent an imaginative extension of the progress-sharing principles embodied in the union's agreements with the steel and can companies. All the aluminum workers-not just those with long seniority-will qualify for 10 weeks of vacation every five years, with 13 weeks' pay to help them en joy their sabbatical. Fringe benefits will also be liberalized, but there will be no increase· in direct money wages. The changes are designed to give the workers a share in the benefits of increased productivity on a basis that will expand total employment opportunities and avoid any increase in aluminum prices. The new contracts, coupled with those already signed by the union through its joint Human Relations Committee in basic steel and its longrange committee in Kaiser Steel, ought to serve as a spur to the deadlocked negotiators in the nation's railroads. The guidelines for a sound agreement have been laid down by two Presidential commissions, created only because of the atrophy of the bargaining process in this piv~tal industry. Any formula Congress approves for barring a rail strike through legislative compulsion will set a damaging precedent. The month-long truce agreed to by the railroads provides a last opportunity for the unions t o demonstrate that their concept of bargaining is not summed up in the single word "no." Up t o now they have been gambling on the proposition t hat the Government will continue t o retreat in t he face of their obduracy, and that finally they can extort a settlement that will saddle the carriers with t housands of unneeded jobs. The trouble with t his venture in brinkmanship is not only that t he gamble involves a strike in which the economy would be the chief victim but that a "victory" for the unions would jeopardize all job security by' pushing the railroads closer to bankruptcy. This is the lesson the disastrous 116-day strike of 1959 taught both sides in steel. Unfortunately, there is no sign yet that the railroad unions have achieved comparable enlightenment. ,...------11_ _;---: �a/SO mean .l'Tance, OU S II T UUIIUlll l:, H ::! U W ll -:11U \Olt:C1L' ., force u . President Kennedy is trying to persuade Pres1• dent de Gaulle to adhere to the treaty, but - success is unlikely unless France, an acknowledged nuclear power, is put on a par with Britain and supplied with the same nuclear information we now give the British. If we did so, the pur... pose would not be to "cause, encourage or partic-~- ipate in" further French tests, which is forbid= den by the treaty, but to make such tests unnecessary without hampering France's nuclear development. French adherence to the new pact might prove "~ a preliminary to agreement by France to join ~ ·'fn building a NATO nuclear force and to restore ..... Western solidarity. That is still an essential ~ : safeguard of peace. ,, -·, . ,  The Art of Spying ~: 4.&."'JI,"" .. ..... ,.,,., - ... , _ _ J - · -r----- On rare occasions the oratorical fog on Capitol Hill is pierced by a voice resonant with courage and dignity. Such a voice was heard when Mayor Ivan Allen Jr. of Atlanta testified before the Senate Commerce Committee in support of President Kennedy's bill to prohibit racial discrimination in stores, restaurants and other public accommodations. on · the basis of the very substantial accomplishments that his city of a half-million, the largest in the Southeast, has made in desegregating publicly owned and privately owned facilities, be might have come as a champion of "states' rights" and of the ability of localities to banish discrimination without Federal law. Certainly, be would have had much more warrant to espouse that view than the Barretts, the Wallaces and the other arch-segregationists who raise the specter of Federal "usurpation" as a device for keeping Southern Negroes in subjection. But Mr. Allen was not in Washington to boast. He was there to warn that even in cities .like Atlanta the progress that had been made might be wiped out if Congress turned its back on the Kennedy proposal and thus gave implied endorsement to the concept that private businesses were free to discriminate. He left behind this charge to finish the job started with the Emancipation Proclamation a century ago: "Now the elimination of segregation, which is slavery's stepchild, is a challenge to all of us to make every American free in fact as well as in theory -and again to establish our nation as the true champion of the free world." ' Do not implicitly trust anything you read about spies and spying even if the source is im. peccabiy official. By the accepted rules of the ..:.. game, government statements may be deliber·:. , ately false in order to mislead "the enemy." But, c of course, they may be true. Naturally, truth is often very confusing. The layman can be excused for ruminating in this fashion as he reads his morning newspaper. The cast of characters needs a Dickens or a Dostoievsky (not a historian, of course ) to do •.- justice to the parade of diplomats, scientists, journalists, homosexuals, prostitutes and- best of all- intelligence agents who betray t heir outfits and their fellow spies. Nothing could be - more devious or fascinating than a double agent. At least, it is comforting for the layman to • contemplate the bungling and blindnesses of the The Fiddlers " professionals. Devotees of the whodunits surely The long-legged, rasp-winged insects now come could do better. Trained by Eric Ambler, Georges into t heir own, and we won't hear the last of Simenon a nd Ian Fleming, they would never have them till hard frost arrives. They are the leaping permitted a Bay of Pigs invasion; a successful fiddlers, the grasshoppers, the crickets and the Christine Keeler; a fantastic 10-year career of katydids. · ex-Nazi German intelligence officers providing Grasshoppers are spoken of in the Bible as the Russians with 15,000 photographs, 20 spools "locusts," and their hordes have contributed in of tape and many a secret of the West Germans many lands, including our own West, to the long and NATO. Not that the Russians should boast; hi11tory of insect devastation and human famine. · they had Penkovsky. Walk through any meadow now, or along any - Even though the real spy cases may be weedv roadside. and vou will see them leaning stranger than fiction, you don't get the solutions ahe;d of you, hear the rasping rattle of their as you do in the t hrillers. Nothing could be harsh wings in brief flight. But they do little real · more fascinating than the stories of the British fiddling. The fiddlers now are the crickets. journalist H. A. R. Philby, or the Swedish Air Listen on any hot afti!rnoon or warm evening, . Force Col. Stig Wennerstrom; but at their most particu larly in the country, and you will hear · interesting points the volumes are snapped shut the crickets even though you seldom see them. and put away in secret places where even in- In the afternoon you will hear the black field telligence chiefs, like characters in a Kafkaesque crickets, chirping as we say, and often into the tale, probably cannot find them. warm evening. But in the evening, from dusk on 'The outsider must be forgiven for believing through the warm night, the more insistent sound that any time any government wants to arrest will be the trilling of the pale green tree crickets . • and/or expel X-number of spies, it digs into its Individually the tree cricket's trill is not so loud, files and comes up with the requisite quantity. but because all those in the neighborhood · When spies are under surveillance they are, synchronize their trills the sound can be as unbeknownst, spying for the country they are insistent as were the calls of the spring peepers spying on. The most dangerous spies of all are, back in April. to be sure, the ones who are never caught. There The loudest fiddlers of all are the katydids, is nothing that the C.I.A., MI-5, K.B.G., Surete which look like green, hunch-backed grasshopand all the other intelligence and counter-intelpers. Night after night they rasp wing on wing ligence organizations can do about them. and make that monotonous call, shrill and seemIs it not possible, in fact, that all this es- ingly endless. But the katydids won't be heard pionage and counter-espionage ; all these agents for another two weeks or so. Meanwhile the and double agents, intelligence officers, counter- crickets possess late July, chirping and trilling intelligence officers, plots and paraphernalia the warm hours away as though summer endured from infinitesimal microphones to beds, add up forever. ~:1\H 1'1( A'J l �
  • Tags: Box 19, Box 19 Folder 17, Folder topic: Letters expressing appreciation for Ivan Allen's stand on the public accommodations bill | 1963
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 19, Folder 17, Document 94

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_019_017_094.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
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  • Title: Box 19, Folder 17, Document 94
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  • Tags: Box 19, Box 19 Folder 17, Folder topic: Letters expressing appreciation for Ivan Allen's stand on the public accommodations bill | 1963
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 19, Folder 17, Document 106

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_019_017_106.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 19, Folder 17, Document 106
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  • Tags: Box 19, Box 19 Folder 17, Folder topic: Letters expressing appreciation for Ivan Allen's stand on the public accommodations bill | 1963
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017