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Box 9, Folder 23, Complete Folder

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_009_023.pdf
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  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 9, Folder 23, Complete Folder
  • Text: - OMMUNITY RELATIONS COMMISSION 1!03 CITY HALL, ATLANTA GEORGIA 30303 Mayor Iva n Allen, Jr. City Hall �REPRINTED FROM THE LOS ANGELES TIMES, SUNDAY, JUtY 24, 1966 THE POOR'S ANGRY VOICESA WARNING AND A THERAPY JACK JONES / ) PROTEST-"Shouting at a public official . . . is a demonstration that the poor and minorities have ... power to challenge the 'big chief.'" Times drawing "The Negro built this nation; let's burn it to the ground!" thundered a delegate to a recent convention of the poor in Fontana. "We have found the only way to move the power structure," cried another, "is to tell them what will Times staff writer ] ones' s principal assignments are in the civil rights, welfare and poverty fields. happen if they don't meet our demands. The truth was proved in Watts." These cries of outrage, heard time and time again whenever the rebellious poor or less privileged gather, certa inly are discomfiting to members of an affluent society. They expose the latent distrust and hatred of the so-called "power structure"; they ring with undertones of terror and possible anarchy. But viewed with an awareness of other protest movements of history, they reflect the not abnormal outcry of a people suddenly offered a chance to vent their frustrations . Some of th e very people who have been the recent targets of vi tuperative attacks by the unsophisticated and uned ucated regard those outbursts as healthy. The Shriver Incident Sargent Shriver, who directs th e antipoverty war that has had much to do with releas ing th e angrv �place for gang leaders; and the WSO newspaper may fairly be called inflammatory in its constant and exaggerated preaching against the police for alleged brutality. In the SCLC offices, many of the staff members wear buttons bearing the legend "Anybody But Daley," and many of the local rights leaders joining hands with Dr. King are people who spend their lives trying to undermine the Daley machine politically. In these surroundings, Dr. King's non-violence becomes, at the best, confusing-to the white community and to the Negroes. Dr. King came into the city and took over a rights movement in which many of the activists had carelessly talked bruta lity and violence for too long. That talk had its effect and is still having it. Thus the riot clarified the argument over black power. The rioters knew that riot is the negation of civil order, but they have now found it is also the dissolution of all power, political, moral and economic. The trophy of r iot is destruction; but, when Dr. King rightly tells the residents of the ghetto that they have little stake in this society, he cannot easily convince them they should not destroy it. That is the logic of events, and it has caught Dr. King out, along w ith the rest of Chicago. Riot's triumph is death. Almost miraculously, there was little death in the riot here. Two-or three persons-died, killed by stray bu llets. One was a man from Mississippi and the other was a 14-yearold girl whose baby was stillborn as t he mother died. Considering the amount of shooting for three days, this toll is small. There were snipers everywhere. Wednesday night there was random shooting from the windows of a high rise city housing project, some of it aimed by neighbors at neighbors. Thursday night there was a spectacular gun battle between the residents of another high rise and the police. There were gun battles up and down streets. The mere number of weapons being u sed on both sides seemed incredible. Has the white community started now to arm itself against such another battle? No one will guess. Police officials keep a tight lip on the subject, saying they do not want to indu lge in psychological warfare. The youth gangs, both Negro and white, are superbly armed, but there is no evidence that they were conducting the gun battles. One is left with the uncomfortable notion that the citizens in general are well supplied with the instruments of death, and that the temperature of violence has r isen sharply a ll over the city as a result of the riot. It is certa in that the riot has frightened both Negroes and whites. The wide publicity given locally to the youth gangs-most of it enormously exaggerated-has terrified the old Negro leadership and many of the Negro church and community leaders. The same publicity, and the violence of the riot, have produced a noticeable rise of hostility among w hites against the Negroes and against the civil rights drive. The politicians, even if they had decided to make some concessions t6 Dr . King toward racial integration, are now severely constricted by t heir constituencies. Innuendo and Rumor In th e search for causes of the riot, meanwhile, everyone seems to be trying to ignore the solution to the great problems. They contin ue to rely on accusation, innuendo and even rumor as an excuse for not doing what must be done. The youth gangs ar e blam ed, and there is talk of subversive groups, without any reflection that in a well-ordered society a subversive group has not much of a chan ce, but that in a riotous situation it has every advantage. The politicans are blaming Dr. King fo r stirring u p trouble, but they know he is voicing real grievances; they just cannot believe there is not some kind of conspiracy at work, but they have little ev idence for one. It may be said fairly that they despise the man who has troubled their consciences. Dr. King blames the politicians for raising Negro hopes and then not ful filling them, but he himself has been singularly maladroit in finding ways to cooperate with them while allowing them to save face. He has deliberately ignored the fact that the politicians are elected by the white majority as well as by Negroes, and that the majority ranges ·from timid ly liberal to solidly r eactionary, that it can be led, bu t not pushed. Hard as Marshmallows Perhaps the only people who found their views and themselves justified in the riot were the teenage gang leaders who w ill tell you bluntly that all the adult leaders on both sides are empty, greedy and dev ious, and about as hard as marshmallows. If the people of the ghetto are looking for a purpose a nd the youths are looking for a hero-as one suspects they are-an honest man would have to tell them to look elsewhere; for the rocks and bullets and clubs that destroyed windows and buildings also demolish ed a whole structure of plaster saints, black and white. Without the saints, we are left with human beings to deal with the gut issues. The heroes remain to be made ou t of the violence and chaos. �OTIS CHANDLER PUB Ll ~ HE.R no ackno w l edgment necessary �REPRINTED FROM THE LOS ANGELES TIMES, SUNDAY, JULY 24, 1966 THE CHICAGO RIOTS \ llOLENCE WITI-IOUT A PLOT D. J. R. BRUCKNER Then, not that man do more, or stop pity; but that he be u;ider in living; that all his cities fly a clean flag . . . Poet Kenneth Patchen However, if a riot has any benefit, it lies in this, that it brilliantly illumi nates, for a moment, the logic of events: extreme violence tends to force the hands of people, and suddenly theoretical positions a nd legal principles all look quite different. What happened in Chicago is not very mysterious if one looks simply at it. Search for a Plot CHICAGO The worst aspect of a riot is that it causes an over-reaction in the community; the people panic. Revolutionaries have understood this since the ancient world and have sometimes used it to their own advantage. There are signs of serious over-reaction in Chicago to the riots that ripped up the W est Side from July 12 to July 15. Part of the panic is purely self-protective, of course. Political, economic and religious leaders of the community discovered in the midst of violence that they ha\·e less control than they would like, or indeed than they should have; and they found D. ]. R. Bruckner is chief of The Times news bureau in Chicago . they haYe less information than they need, to act. Civil rights leaders on the whole discovered much the same thing. A number of city officials and police officers, however, are responding to the demands of the white majority in the city, and are looking for a plot or conspiracy, whether it be one concocted by youth gangs or Communist-inspired groups, or by political hotheads. A lot of investigators are scurry ing around looking for this alleged plot, and, God help us, they may even find one. Any little old mangy plot, however crazy or ineffectual, will serve very well to salve the. conscience of the city. The fact is that the riot was aimless. There is an instructive comparison available to this city. Last month there was a considerable riot in the city's Puerto Rican community. Compared with the violence on the Negro West Side, the Puerto Ricans' riot was a model of order and purpose. Theirs was a violent demonstration against a breakdown of communication. There was a certain happiness about it at times, as when the crowds lifted a man who had been bitten by a police dog to their shoulders and paraded him through the streets as a hero. The Puerto Ricans are at least a community among themselves. After their riot their leaders attended public hearings and aired their grievances, and these were the same grievances one could hear any P uerto Rican on the streets talking about. Total U nhappiness What struck one about the riot among the Negroes was the total dissolution of a neighborhood of perhaps 350,000 people; the hatred not only against the white power structure, but against one another; the factions that battled against one another; the total unhappiness of it. This was not a happy riot, a nd even some of the boasting leaders of the teenage gangs admitted they were afraid. Afterwards, no one could fully define the grievances of the community. The riot was started by an altercation over the turning off of a fire hydrant. One's white neighbors who live out on the lakefront do not accept this explanation at all, but it is true. In the West Side ghetto a major riot can be caused by the turning of a wrench; no plot is n eeded and no reign of terror by gangs. Field workers from two city commissions working in the slums, others working for the YMCA, crusad- �ing pastors and some police all know that riots have almost broken out several times in recent weeks over mere rumors, the transfer of a fa vorite priest from his parish, or an arrest. This is not to minimize the organized aspect of the riot. There are gangs and they are a serious problem, and there are some revolutiona ry groups in the ghetto. But life in the ghetto is normally violent and brutal; it does not take much to set off a riot. The white man outside the ghetto can scarcely realize the power of a rumor on the West Side, for instance; his mind cannot take it in. He really does not know the life of the poor, Negro or white, or how suspicious that life is. At 3 a.m. July 14, in the mid st of the riot, a reporter was attacked by a large rat on a West Side street corner. Two teen-age Negro boys, returning, they said, from a riot fora y, beat off this beast with a baseball bat and a board, explaining they were happy enough to fight rats which are, on the whole, worse than w hite newsmen. Filled With Rats The slums are filled with rats ; rats are the manife st evidence of the inhumanity out there. They are eve ry wh ere, a long with the debris of demolished buildings, the dirt in the streets, the cheap bars. People grow up among the rats and li ve with them. Th e West Side is mostly the home of the Negro poor. In this it differs vastly from the South Side where perhaps 450,000 Negroes live ; many of them li\·e \\·ell , some live magnificently. On the West Side e\·en childhood has degenerated into gang warfare, extortion, intimidation, physical punishment a nd even occasional murder. Adult life is merely a n ex tens ion of thi s violen ce. In such conditions on e does not h a ve to explain riots by plots. May or Ri cha rd J . Daley, during th e riot, said there we re "outs iders" promoting the riot. Perhaps there w ere. But a ll those a r rested lived on the West Side a nd police di d not find the outs iders. Angry with Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., the mayor demanded to know from him "w hether other cities have no problems." P erhap s they ha ve, and Dr. King is indeed an outs id er. But last summ er th e mayor was face d with th e probl em of nuns staging a sit-in on the world 's bu siest intersection to protest the slum s, a nd they were not outs id ers. The may or's pouting is not dignified; it is childi sh. But it refl ects th e attitude of the white majority whi ch still elec ts him and w hi ch resents being jostl ed. In ra ce rela tions in thi s city, the bulk of the white peopl e treats th e mayor like a ser vant who is hired to br ibe th e minoriti es into civ ic order. Thus a riot produ ces a sudd en munificence from city hall, of hyd rant sprinklers a nd swimming pools a nd hou s ing projects. P e rvas ive Con ception Th is con ception of the may or's offi ce is so per\·asi \·e that even many Negroes h ave come to beli eve it, a n d t he lead in g Negro politicians, w ho a re pa rt of Da ley's De mocratic Pa rty machi ne , act ua lly enfo rce it . But the g ifts of city h all hide th e bas ic p ro blem about the l'\egro ghetto. The pr oblem is th a t most of th e peop le in t he gh etto simp ly do not sh are in any \\·ay in the life of t h e ci ty . Their ali en a tion is an eno r mous spir itu al wa ll built u p of uncountable and ancient indignities; it is the wall of the city. The problem is to break down the wall. Dr. King, when he opened his civil rights drive here two days before hell broke loose, thought he had at least part of the machinery to break down the wall. But the riot, which illuminated society's flaws, also illuminated some serious weaknesses in Dr. King and his approach. The first thing that became evident was that in Chicago Dr. King, the patron saint of non-violence, was leading a collection of local civil rights groups whose leaders include a few pretty violent people. This problem results from a structural weakness in the King method. Dr. King's Southern Christian Leadership Conference suffers from a lack of troops and thus it is plagued by indiscriminate recruitment when it enters a city. In a big city like Chicago, where there are 900,000 Negroes and only a percentage of these favor Dr. King, the flaw can be fatal. Little Influence Dr. King very quickly discovered he had little influ ence in the West Side community. When he walked the streets on the first night of riot pleading for non-violence some young Negroes laughed at him . When his aides showed films this past spring of the Watts riots to illustrate the danger of violence, some youths applauded. Youth gang leaders who met with Dr. King as the riots subsided on the night of July 15 said they might turn to nonviolence and again they might not. Some of these gang leaders told a reporter they had met several times with SCLC officials long before the riots, but Dr. King had no program for them , so the youths gave up on him. One of them called him a "hit-and-run m essiah. " His prestige suffered enormously in the Chicago riots. The Sunday before the uproar started, he had stood in Soldier Field and debated non-violence as against "black power " with none other than Floy d McKissick of the Congress of Racial Equality, the preach er oi black power. The riot cooled that philosophical a rgument permanently, on e gathers. For th e riot has turned not onl y the whites aga inst Dr. King, but the Negro power structure as well; and his ci vil rights movement he re is in immedi a te dan ger of passing into th e hands of the old-time politicians. Dr. King finds himself in the position of either becoming the high priest of all the poor and only the poor, or getting out, quickly. In either case, he has been pus hed-violently if y ou will-in the direction of the McKissick position, th a t Negro rights must inv olve Negro political power. Further, no matte r how much Dr. King protests that hi s Chicago drive is not partisan a nd not v iolent, the riot exposed clearly tha t many of the people around him are ve ry pa rti sa n a nd a few a re v iol ent. Violen t and Non-Violent One of his top ai des, t he Rev. J a mes Bevel, told alm ost 50,000 people at the J u ly 10 ra lly tha t "we wa n t the violent and the n on-violent to join w ith us." Tha t seems pretty straigh tforward . Among the pe rsons a tten d ing a con fere n ce with the mayor th e clay before the r iots started was Ch ester Rob inson of th e West Side Organi zati on , · a loca l civ il r ights grou p. R obi nson is n ot person ally a v iolent man, but hi s h ead qu a rters h as becom e a con venient gath ering �voices by financing community action programs seeking to involve the poor in the solution of their own difficulties, was shouted down in April w h en he attempted to address a conference called by the Citizens Crusade Against Poverty . At the time, he said a ha ndful of "professional demonstrators" were tryin g to make trouble. His attitude now, at least for publication, is that su ch confrontations are a positive thing. "It's time," h e says, "that the poor speak up for their n eeds." · Joe P . Maldonado, executive director of th e county's antipoverty vehicle, the Economic and Youth Opportunities Agen cy, who also has been subjected to insulting personal abuse, shares this opinion in essence. Governmental Confusion Infuriated by governmental confusion a n d political machinations which seem to dull the promise of antipoverty programs, the poor s trike out at anybody w ho represents the "powe r structure." Their more vocal m embers appear dete rmined to take over and make changes th emselves. Speaki ng of certain manifestations of the so-called revolt of the poor, J ames E. Ludlam, president of the Welfare Planni ng Council, a trad itional agency, told anti poverty board m embers that a vocal minority "grounded in militancy a nd confl ict" was trying to capture control of antipoverty programs. He said t h ese militan t elements are given to threats of violence, disru ption of meetin gs and " infiltration a nd subversion of staff decisions." Bu t the Rev. Wi lliam Hervey, director of the Department of Metropolitan Mi ssion for the Los Angeles Presbytery, responds th a t militancy is n ecessary in the fight aga inst "man 's mos t dehuma nizin g enemy-poverty." Old weapons cannot be used to fight a n ew war, argues Mr. Hervey, referring to the traditional welfare agencies. He agrees that many of those castigated by Ludlam are "grounded in militancy and involved in conflict ," but h e could not agree that their actions were totally n egat ive. One of the intriguing prospects in all this is that some of today's revolutionists, like others of history, w ill become part of the " power structure" themselves once they gain control. Then, presumably, they will regard t h emselves as " responsible" a nd will find themselves facing the fury of n ew revolutionaries. One man w ho believes the often-irresponsible accusations by the poor a re a n ecessary part of progress is Dr. J. A lfred Cannon , a UCL A neuropsychiatrist who works w ith a group ca lled P eople in Community Action. Dr. Cannon, a Negro, says, "Anytime you h ave a group of people who are relative strangers, on e way they have of testing each other might be through initial demands or angry confrontations. It's a way of finding out how genuine the other person is. "Often this kind of confrontation . . . paves th e way for more constructive, gentle exchanges. "Shouting at a public official ... is a demonstration that the poor a n d minorities have the strength and power to be able to challenge th e 'big chief.' This is very important, because they can see their effectiveness in some kind of action. It leads to a sense of worthwhileness and adequacy ... and a potency which the poor generally don't h ave." 'Feeling of Participation' This is the beginning, says Dr. Cannon, "of the poor man's _feeling of participation in his own destiny, a very importa nt strut in his h ealth." Bitterness over the fa ilure of the war on poverty to deliver immediate results, a nd disillusionment over the administration of welfare programs have ti:iggered a statewide-even a nationwide-effort by th e poor to organize. With the backing of the Univers ity of California Extension , the Sears Foundation, and two privately organized advisory agencies-the California Foundation for Economic Opportunity a nd the California Center for Community Development-a first California Convention of the Poor was held in Oakland in F ebruary. This led to the June con vention in Fonta na, attended by representati ves of slum tenant councils, welfa re recipien t groups and community action movements around the state. Out of t he Fontana con vention , Dr. Jacobus tenBroeck, a UC pol itical science professor and former chairma n of the State Social Welfa re Board, emerged w ith the task of g iving some organi zational sophistica tion to the more tha n 20 W elfare Rights Organizations w hich a re loosely joined in thi s movement. A convention is planned this fall to develop a legislati ve program, clearly aimed at mounting a lobby for cha nges in welfare and other laws affectin g the poor. Welfare Recipients Rema rkably, in view of widespread conviction among the gene ra l pu blic that most w elfare recipients wou ldn't work if th ey cou ld, some of the loudes t protests in recent W elfare R ights Organiza tion de monstrations were that the present system " makes it imposs ible for us to work our way off we lfare." " If you don't h ave poor people in on the soluti ons," says Dr. TenBroeck, "you misgauge w ha t the problems a nd their attitudes are. "They flai l, they shout, they a re quite unreason a b le," con cedes Dr. Ten Broeck. "Thi s is therapy a nd steam-valving. Unless you prov ide some way to let off their futility, we're s itting on a lid we ought not to s it on- as y ou see in W a tts. "It's not a matter of wh ether we enjoy it-bu t w h e the r we're going to make it possible for those wh o a re deprived t o cease to be dep r ived. "They want the rest of us to slide into the back ground as t hey get on their feet a nd get organ ized . And t hat's th e way it sh ould be." �June 19, 196 8 Mr . Frank Ro ug hton In titute of Communi cativ of the Methodist Chur c h 1279 Oxford Road, N . E . Atlanta, Georgia 30366 Arts Dear Mr . Roughton : I have received from Mayor Ivan Allen your letter addressed to him of June 17th reg rding your suggestion for a ymphonic drama on the truggle of the Ne gnn in America, with con tructio n for . ame of an amphitheatre, a a memorial to Dr. Martin Luther King , Jr. Thi ha been brought to my atte ntion in my capacity a chairman of our Aldermanic King Memori 1 Committee . At the out et, I would like to xpress ppreciation foi- your intere t in tbi matt r and to tell you th t I feel your ide ia mo t appropri te a.nd would be xtrem ly me nlngful. Actually, one of Mra . King'• auggeationa for incorpor tion ln th memorial w ar planning was long thi line. Ae you have probably le rned f:rom the v rioue new m dia, our committe - and •ub equ ntly th Board of Aldermen - h t k n a po ltion supporting living, productive m morial as in contr at to •omething like statue or a str et naming: and we have call d On the federal government to a• tat in the dev lopment of nation 1 memorial with ver 1 working facilitie in th rea of Dr. King's birthpl ce and mother church round Auburn Avenu -.nd Boul va.rd. We al o h ve n ordlnanc befor our Zoning Committ e ref rred to it by the Board of Alderm n at ita meeting Monday which would c 11 for design tion of thi are • an 11 hietoric district" , which is our fir t at p in order to pre• rve the ch r cter of some of the n ighborhood nd to protect it from other d velopmentt until we ar in a poeltion to make aetu 1 acqwaition. It i8 my opinion that in the near futur we will probably work �.Mr . Frank Roughton June 19, 1968 -2- toward the e tablishment of a prestige national bo rd o{ trustees, a suggested by Mrs . King, which bo rd would probably have the responsibility o( d eciding on pecific facilities to be incorporated in the development . At the next meeting of our committee I will bring your communication to their attention and will k ep you advised a to our progress . Sincerely, ~~ Sam Ma svell, SMJr:nd cc: Mr . Martin Luther King, Jr . The Hon . Ivan Allen, Jr . (Attn: Mr . Dan Sweat) -Ji} �e ~ ,: - . . . r . • ~t --- PREF A·C E . . i·; , ~ ,. . . • - _1 ' .. .. ,I .:., · ' ,I; tt;} i ~.r:·:. t. , . i ·. ~1 .... In attemptin17 to anal v~e wl1ere the movement· is go:i ng, cer tain - i {f ' c.23 :. questions have arisen as to the P,, t,,re roles nlaved by white . :,. I • i .. . personnel. In or.d·e r to make th1 s iss11e clearer, we have wr j tten ) · :fi ·I t ·> .' ;-\• .: ._, i a .few paragraphs, atemminC? from our observ~ions and experiences , lfL,_< .•if ->} . -i o1 ,4.. • i,'.:, I • • •• • • ·: : l-t;,:r.:. : Some of the reasons are as follows: -~ ;·:!L-· ·.- :\ The imi~j lj ty 'i tt-. ) :-::i·:(:--:·.:· '" ~ ~ . .. ~· .,r- ·- .J :wf~ :.- ~ ; ~-- . <} J'L · · ·· ~ The answers to. these · q1.1estions lead us to believe that the form of white participation, as practiced in the past, is now obsolete. j ;.;.·:. ::: )i[: ' '., .., which trerve as a pr·e view to a broader st11dy on the subject. .\ or ._ whites to relate ' to the cultural aspe ct s of I ..: Black soc 1 etv; att! t11aee that whi tea, conscionsl-v ·or unconscious- · ·' . "i · · · ~1·;·1·.· ·__., ... ·.: ~ . #', j·.' ly, brin~ to Blacl-r. com·"luni ties abont themselve s · (wes te rn s uperior- .~ I. . . _;'?: ,.· ·'._.,".. :/' -. ·. i ty) and about Black neon le (paternalism); i n a bili tv t o s ha t ter -~ ft(~~:-:~·\{:-.:~~ '. ·: 'r;:1-.': ·, · (; ·, <} --:. ·.· ·. ~: whi ta-sponsored comm11ni t v m~rths of Black - j_nferj or i tv a nd self, \ . ne.liation; ina., i li ty to combat the v i ews ·of t he Bl ack .commnni ty ... .. >:i .. ::a:u:::::;o::::::::;:i::i:::::: c:o:::o:h:::c:o:::::i::::rds' ~- , 1! • t : :: \ · t~J:i. :_ '. _: . -.. • .• - t, ; \.- ~ /• '.:; ··{ ' ,j l • I ·., I . .. ,·r .. • r u ..... t hrelationships" ( s ex ); the unwillin~n~ss of whit~s to deal with _ . :- i i • the ho s t i l i ty of the _Black, community on the i ssll e of interra cial the roots of racism which lie within the white community; whites, though individua~ ••11benal", are symbols of o~pression _to the · •' ·f 1 . . :r ~·1 I Black community -- due to the collective power that whi~es 'have I r I ., . .• . , over Black lives.· .. Because of' these rea11J,.,ns, which f'o:rce us to view America thr~ugh ..' ~ ~~ ! ~: ,. ' ,' ~ 'I i .. the eyes · or victims, we advocate a conscio,1e chanr,-e .in the role of t ) ·,.:·.:~;'-' .,:· .whites, . ,.,h~ch . . ir , .- . . ,.- .r.;:r ·': /: _.: ·, will be in t •me with the develoning self~ c on s ci ous . . . . - ' .. ness . and :_self-ass~~\ion :o:.. ·_~h~ -~froi..arn.~rican people. ' �~ ~ ~J -- - ------------------... =~ ---,.,., . -- ---·-. ... ... -·- -·-- - - -ffl•'l'~~J -... ! ..:!·.~-143.215.248.55 ~ - ., -~ - -... ,.- ... . ~. ,., --· . .' , .j ,· , .'t" • 1'• ( , ,; ., I:. ~ -I . ... •". ---· ~. ... ~,-.. ,,. .~ ... • ' ,... l ... ,..: ", . ·-.... ... ·.• .~- ff .. ' ·.1j·_ V,ai ' ... ,.- .• . . ! ..... ' : .. ' ...... ' • ....· ~ . ,., l"·." ... 1 .. -:. .J" In conttl,uding. we cstatG ' thet our posjtion ~oes "}. . ~ steili from &gainst white ~~opl~, but from a conscien- ha.trea." or tious effprt ~o develop the best methods of solving our national ' . problem_. I ,> "!' ·',, 'i 1· < ·) ' ., . f "r .: .i ••. -· . \ l • ,' Ii. '··· j ·-'~ ·. ~ . :· ~-.: ,.!.:~: ... ~. , • I ·,· ...~- , ,.: ":\:. ' '· ·.: - i r. ., . '. I .. ,. , 1~· i t. 4 ·1 .· . -:.·· . . . . . ... ·, .. . ! '· '. ~ ' > •· ' , . ,~· . ~ . ,. ' .. ' •,j .. , !:;·,. •\ - ~ • ! l l ,i i ,_ ·, 'I ·..{   . l .' ! i ~. . '· •\ . -,: ! ~ . ·.[ ~ ., -~ .,·1 )· ~- ,._. ·,; ' (" \ ·.· ,/ , ~- - .. . ·_.; ,: ' , •II' ·~ ..... •• I ~ I ·, ' i •:"' I- . '·-; I I 'I ._..,i . .,,.:I ,- ., •-;...· • ,.. LT • h,_.. ~ \ , '.'i -- ~ -- .~ - '.!.::::i . • ... :: . .! . . ~ '.}(F,~ . ,>. ~ . •·: ' - I •• ., '• - - - ,• • • • ~l, • _ _.. • I ~;.. , r~ ,• .,.'.!••• _,__. • , .. ·-. .I \ ' '· �~ {,&,rat:;;~:-;;.,e;.-;:., -~~ --::t··•- .....-• •j I .:_? -? .. .• :l . - - • "'"': ~ - ~!': ·: • , •": - : - " ' . - : " . ' :.. ~. -:. - ."'.' . ":" . •'.""..~ . - : - - ' . ' . • "• .":' . '."." .. ~ _ . --- -••- . '.'"' _ -:'."' ,. _ __ ; ,_ • -. p_.....,., . ~., , ·.·.- · ~- , , .. .,._._ ., .f .., . 1\ ~ _ .t,, --~ ... . _,_ ," : . : ·.. / . 1. •, •, ,• • ··- ~ .... • ... , P • "'\~ • '#; '· ' '- - .!.-=----=:-== -·= =;-=-:-:======= .= . . Ne'g ro ;i;i so·nJehow incapable of liberating ouL of the • __ ,,,.: -- A111erican experience. / In the books that children read, whites are always "good" ( good symbols . "I I · ' · .are white ), Bla~ks '. t ... r -~. .:., -- - - -_-__..; _ . I: . ... i . - . .t hi ms elf, is lazy, etc. can1e ·. ·1 ~ .,, • • •• ~=--=-=-=----------\ 'rhe u,yH, t.he.4- ~he . , t °'::--.. - -- - - -- - •• --. ~ --~ "- -.,. ,.- ~ . =_ _ _ ____._ _ I •••- . -- - • : - .: ·:- ·-- · :. _- -- : :· .. ~---:·--'. ; '"•. -:!-~ .:,~~.:; •,:-;::_-p;_-":"..,. ' ' - ~ _,_..,.......,,.....,,=--,:,::;e,;:==:=-=:~ ..-,_::,, ._,-;._._., _ _,.., __ _ - ,- •• -• • - , .. language is ref~rred to as a "dialect", and Black people in this country ' ·.·. ... '.'• are "evil" are seen as "savages" in movies , their a.re supposedly descended from savages. , •• • I Any white pe~son . . . . . who comes. into the Mov~ent has these concepts .. in his mind about Black people, if ·only subconsciously. I He cannot escape them because the whole society has geared his subconscious in I .. i" -~-~ :· : that direction. !)._·: Miss ~merica coming from Mississippi has a chance to represent I··· I '· . -... ,, ' ; .t' . \I .. < It~ • J.• · f ! . ~ ' .': • ~ 1: ·1t ,. .. ,-. {· _, . I • I ~- ·. j-_.· ' l• ~-~ all of America·, but a Black person from neiflre r Mississippi or New ' . . ' • York will ev_e r represent Arr.erica. So that white people coming int o the • I , '. : .• , • • • • • • -we>rd "black", cannot relate to the "Nitt'y Gritty", canno t r elate t o the experience that brought such a word into b e ing, cannot relate to . .! .. _1. ~ , Mov~rnen~ canno_t relate to the Black experience, cannot relat e t o t he • ,} . '·. .... .'~ . - 0 \, ;(; . ;. . I • • • chitte.rlings, hog's head cheese, pig feet, ham hocks , and ca nnot • ! . . . . . . . relate to slavery, because these things are not a part of their experience • ' rced that Blacks cannot organize t h e m s elv es. T he white psych~logy that Blacks have to be watc h e d, als o reinforces ' I t his s t ereotype , Blacks, in fact, fee l in t imidated ~y the presence of whit e s, because of their k nowledge of the p ower that whites have over ., their lives. ,One whit e pers·on can' come into a meeting of Black people . _. . ,.·. ....· . . . _·: _ ·..• _:t ..-~ (. .I ' i. ' ' ·and.. cha~ge the complexion of tha.t ...meeting, whereas one Black person .. . . . . . . . . ' . . . w9_u ld not change the complexion_of that meeting unless he was an , .. . . ·. . )' . .. . . f. ·. ,. . ' : . :_ ' ... ~ . ~ ~ j �;q ·Dilt.t;i r~ I ~,.;Jt:'!, ~ii______________________ ,,.__ _ _ _ _ _ _ ______~ ~- 4 .. .. .. , ... ' ·. ~- 1~ 4':1'··~ - 't !! .. . .. • ·- ·- - ... ,,..._ -- - ,- . - - _....-·-- .: . .. _.__j._....;......._,,..,.,.;,,=""~~-.,.~-,-,~-~-.....,_..,,.. _,..,, ___,,.,._.,..,. __ =,:; _ · . :i " • - . •t .....,... _ ..- . - .: . .... ·, . I • '. r • r• - ~ :-,:,.._T__,,~:_r. r ~ obvious Uncle Tom. 't ·-,,-~, . - . .- • - • • ' ,. 4 • •, ' ~ r ., . . • =--·.:.;...c.;.• • =-~·~~ - -·- . ------ ---------.-----========-======= .People would immediately start talking about "brotherhood", "love".; etc.; race would not be discussed. l If people must express themselves freely, there has to be a climate I . I I , l:; .' . . : ' · are not liable to vent the rage that they feel about whites in the presence .. ' . •. · : ·. ' in which they can do this. If Blacks feel intimidated by whites, then they ,. ' ' _i... I' • '! , ••: . organize, i.e., the broad masses of Black people. . i I ~ _; of whites---especially not the Black people whom we are trying to ·: . .., be created whereby Blacks can express themselves. . . .. ~ A climate has to The reason that ~ . :~ .. . ., whites must be _e xcluded is not that one is anti-white, but because . the efforts that one is trying to achieve cannot succeed because whites r. '._have an intimidating . . . effect. Oft times the intimidating effect is in direct proportion to the amount of degradation that Black people have ·' ,' ':. { . '! • • suffered at the hands of white people. It must be offered that white people who desire change in this country .- ' .·:,. . .. ;" .. . should go. where that problem (of racism) is most manifest. That ·! i: \' p;-oblem is not in the Black community. The white people should go into whi~e communities where the whites have created power f or the •• 1• i:. express of denying Blacks hlllman dignity and self-determination. Whites who come into the Black community with ideas of change seem '··'-.~ to want to absolve the power structure of its r~sponsiblity of what it j> .tji ,: · ., t ji ; .r.- !· a., .~! I is doing, and saying that change can only come through Black unity, I· t ' I j ,, j '/ 1 /_ .,~ I I .. which is only the worst kind of paternalism. This is not to say that whites have not had an important role in the-Movement. In the case , · ' 1. of Mississippi, their role was very key in that they helped give Blacks ,, : . I the right to organize, but that rcle is now over, and it should be. 1. People now have the right to picket, the right to give out l eaflets, ,. the right to vote, the right to demonstrate, the right to print• . i,. . I . Il These things which revolv·e around the right to organize have been •I• . accomplished mainly because oftthe entrance of white ·people· into ., Mississippi• - i~ :the ·aummer of '6~. i Since these goals have now been , ... : I _, �-:..~ k.··~ ~-:.:.:_.:'.;"-~~.,.;,_,.,,_:_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _:;_;. ·.(~ ..;,,tv......<. - ·· - •• • ;., .• - . <~; ~- · ·~-· -- - •• • • •• .. . ,:_ ·- -· ·-· ·· i :r:·· . . -.,.,~-143.215.248.55-~:':- ~~ ~-. ... ·· ·· · • - · - • •• • .. • - . - ·· · - • - -· · - --- -- - · · ·· - - - - - --. ·.·•· .· . • -- • - --~ 143.215.248.55·-_- -~--~--- - ' ·"=---~ ,-~-~-~-~ .. · ·· --· . j - ·: · · ,. -.. ~ - - - -_ ~- - __ .. .._. ~ ·--.-- · accomplished, the.ir (whites) role in the Movement has now ended. ,. ' • :· What does it mean if Black people, once having the right to organize, •i are not allowed to organize themseives? It means that Black's ideas .. I ., . ' . ·, .• I ' wnites are the '~b~·ichls" behind the Movement .and Blacks cannot . IE ;, • . . .:. .· . . :. .. : .. '• i-'t .. . i: i function without whites. This only serves to perpetuate existing a tti t ude s within the existing society, i.e., Blacks a.re "du~b", "unable to . .·,· , . '. s .' Further (white participation) means in. the eyes of the Black community that I, ~ Shouldn1 t people be able t o organiz_e . themse,l ves? Blacks should be . given this right. ,.  :·~~: about inferiority are being reinforced. .• take care of business", etc. Whites are iN.na.rt", the "brains" behind everything. ~ i How do Bla cks rela te to other Blacks as su ch? ' How do we react I 'i ' I . ;, . ·to Willie Mays as against Mickey Mantle? ~ . .; I· .. . . ... ,, 1 i· What is our response to Mays hitting a home-run against Mantle performing t he same deed? Is our interest in baseball ordered by our appreciation of t he ar tis try of the game, or is it ordered by .the participation of Neg roes in · ,,. · · Baseball? One has to come to the conclusion t hat it is be caus e of ·· . ..1 .... ·i.,, - . -~ • .., _; i .... .. . Black pc3;rticipatiori in baseball. .. .,. , , ' .; : : Negroes still i de ntify with the Dodger.s . because of Jackie Robinson 1 s efforts with the Dodge r s. Negro es ~ "J ... .... would i n s tinctively champion all- Black t e.:im s if t h ey opposed all- .. white o r p r edom i nate_ly white t e a ms. The same p rinciple operates 'I for the Move ~ e 11t as it does fo r baseb all: a mystique must be created whereby Negroes can identify with the Movement. Thus an all-Black project is needed in order for the people • themselves. ,. •' ' I I I , This has to exist from the beginning. what can be called "coalition politics". ' ~ i I to h:.a·e • ' This relates to ' There is no doubt in our · minds that sane whites a;i:e just as disgusted with this system as .. ·J we are. • But it is meaningless to talk 'about coalition if the r e is no . one to align ou'rs ·e lves• ·with, because of the lack o! organi:i.a~ion i n • t · \. the white communities. there can be no ·talk -of "hookingcoupj' unless I �~ · ~ ~ ~ ~ : ;':-143.215.248.55 15:44, 29 December 2017 (EST)J.-.-,l~ ·'1' .. \' ....... r . •.. .. ' ,. ·.~ '.. ··" l - .---, ·· ' ' -"'1"1 . 1f • - ~- . ... -- -·, ,- ~ ~ ..~-~~ :.:...~- .:- -- Black people organize Blacks and white people organize whites. ·i -I .l: .:l1 :. are going in the same direction- talks about exchange of personnel, · 1. J 1'·~ coalition, and other m .eaningful alliances can be discussed. ., 'i-J . .i: ·· ·f. ! whereby we thought that our problems revolved around the right to I . ' In the beginning of the Move·m ent; ~e had fallen into a trap . ' '· ·1· eat at certain lunch counters or the right to vote, dr to organize . '· ':t. t \ ·-·'· 1•·. I•. .- If these conditions are met, then perhaps at some later date- and ii we · J: . ' r .i• ,~ ) ,· , . - - ------ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -..-.'""."'1..._- - - "' ..- - - - - - ---- --.----.-.. -....'-~~- communities. . . deeper. ... ' ; .... ct.ir.: have seen, however, that the problem is much The probietn of this country, as we had seeh it, concerned i \ . I j' ,· :·· , I . : ., ) w~ ollr ' old Blacks and old whi~es (and therefore) if decisions were left . to 't~~ young people, theh solutions would be arrived at. negates the history of Black people and whites. . j But this We have dealt I stringently with the proble ili of "Uncle Tom·", but we have not yet . 'gotten ~round to .Simon Legree. . f ?- real vil~ian? ' We ·must ask ourslves who is the ,.- . ·, .. 1 . • ~ Uncle Tom or Si~on Legree? Everybody knows Uncle T6m, but who knows Simon Legree? I 1 So \k.rhat we have now (in SNCC) is i i ~ closed so~iety. A clique. . · Black people cannot relate t,.:, SNCC, because of its unrealis tic, non racial atmosphere; denying their experiences of America as a racist society. In contrast, SCLC has a staff that at least maintains a Black facade. The front office is virtually all-Black, but nobody accuses SCLC of being 'racist". ...,~' . If we are to procee d towards t r ue liberation, we must cut ourselves off from white people ••• We must form our own institutions, credit 1,.. •• . -~. unions, co-ops, political parties,· write our ,own histories. Dne illustrating·.· example, is the SNOC "Freedom Primer". Blacks cannot relate to that book psychologi.,,ally~ because white people wrote it and, therefore it pre~ents a white viewpoint. _ · To proceed f~rther, let us make some comparisons_ be tween the .,/ l !.' �, ... . --· · ~! -~. . _ : -·-= ' ,... . ...- -~ .• ··~ ·-:,, - .. --r - - .. - . ., ·- ·- • •.. I : -~• •, .. ... -. ,..-.,,. ... -.. ,.., n,•.-: ·~,'";"r,,"W1':•~~•-~ • ..-,1~• ~ - - - -.............=-:c!!=~-- ·· ··:--..:.-:-:- ~ • ) -:..:. -, ' i " -- •• - .- ..: -,·.·· . ····- ·---. - - . - I =··-·- ·= ===== _..- :_:_- -::. :~: : - ~:..-=.. . Black Movement of the ( early) 1900 1 s and the Movement of the 1960 1 s --- the NAACP with SNCC. Whites subverted the Niagra . I -~ Movement whichr at the outset, was an all-Black Movement. i . The • I' 1·.. . t :-: -. . name of the new organization was also very revealing, in that it il;.. 4 .__ - ,1:•,..-~ : presupposed that Blacks have to be advanced to the level of whites. We are now aware that the NAACp has grown reactionary, is controlled by the power-structure itself, and stands as one of the •.main roadblocks to black freedom. .,. SNCC, by allowing the whites to remain i in the organizati~n, can have its ·efforts subverted in the same manner; I· . [ i.e., through having '·them play important roles such as community . ! I~_;~· .. .; I ' I · organizers, etc., · Indigenous leadership cannot be built with whites in O • i . .... ' · i ·..-; it ·:, .. . .J/· _:: ' ·.. the positions ·they now hold. These £acts do not mean that whites cannot help. ....;J,. . . ,i::) icipate on a voluntary basis. .i They can part- We can contract work out to them, but [ ( : ( "', . :, in no way can they participate on-a policy-making level • The cha_rge may be made that we are "racists", · but whites who ~ ' •1 . ·.', -r•. I'. ... ' . -, !. t • '.. . . our own destiny. J If persons insist on remaining because of their ..;·' ,,:r .. longevity, or because they have feelings that we are indebted to them. } -~-. ~, are sensitive to our problems will realize that we must determine • 4 ' r We, as Black people, must re-cv:aluate our history, our ideas of I ., self, the world, Africa and her contributions to mankind. We must take the credit for our contributions to this society _and to the ·, • '<' world. Credit will be given to white people where it is due, but · surely our contributions must .be given credit. I These. myths ( of inferiority and "savager~ ) must be broken by,' Black people, so . . . ' that no mistake can be. made about who is accomplishing what for whom. This is one way to ·break the myths. ' As to the charge of "Black racism", as against white supremacy: . ·; we can say .that the racial makeup of any organization does .not a:nake_ it racist, i.e., , supreme court makeup of all white judges, Black �• ... ., ~ '.; ~~·· ---·..... ... -; . ~- .. . .. : ..:: -, Et-: . - ......,..,-:- -.-..~~- . - - ;: . ·" -- .. ·. :··· · · ... ~ l _ _,;, --,.;-~ ... .,. T -~- .:.. ) .· .,i churches and Black businesses being all Black. The naming of the n_ewapaper, "Nitty-Gi-itty", which ae_rvcd to polarize the feel- ' l, . ings of race, illustrated in a very graphic manner the attitudes that whites have towards cultural aspects of our society. •, The whites were opposed to the name and Blac-ks were affirmative on the issue. ... .; The alternative was the 11 surely such a name could not speak to the needs of grass-roots Black peopl e • Black people can say to the "Nitty-Gritty": I can see mrself there. Can .say to Mays hitting a home run: I see _m yself there. ; Can say t~ the Atlanta Proj ect: . ,, ~. I see myself there f "i .. · , ~ ·: • ' .·r . . l ' i ·, • '· .I ' • • I-~ J . . ··. cl ' ....,.. A tla'xita Voi c e" ".., , • • . . •,' l . ~ ~ i it . -: .. J.~;. i ~ . ~ '. ' · i . f ·, • . .~ ., f. ' ,\ i ' ."" I .' ! 'l , ., • :· I .. . . ,, . . ... . ' ·,, ·'\ ·_ : . . , , •, ,.,·· . ·'·' F\:tc:·.·•. ::.·-. . . < .: ' ,· .- i• • t . ... ( . :f . . , • ~ ... . .. . l·,, . .. ! ': ~ I , . •"J. •. i.- .. ·.i . I·,,_ , ., . .'•I ....·· .. : . .· ,. ·. I. . / I 1 ·'I ,.! ' ' .; '! .: ,: • •\ I• I ..,,..·. /' . . . ..... . :_n ' . .~ ....'·[" ... i ' . .• •. \ I . ~ I .! ,., l • f I, •. .. ~ .., . . i: ,· I ,• ·t /I . ::; .. . 1 I I l . ~ . .··:_.; . ~ ,' • • .• ' .1. I • I ,,, \ ••·• ~ .· .. �....11 ... ... ~ •• ,:_. • .. .. - -.: -· • ··- • 1 ... .. j ·--~~,- .:·:·: ·· ........ ·-:-- --::-: . ,· . ~-.. . • - .· -:- - • - . - -~ --~ • • • • - - --- - • t' ' ~ . • •. .;. • - .·,-,. - .. .... ' , . --; ,_- -:· . .. '.~ · - - - ~ --;. - . ~h_............. ~------"=·-~,...._..,,--:===-e-'..;,,.·,;.,-·~ - -~·,-======~-:-."'·--lki= =.'·r---e---·:.!..!:L- ~~-:::.---·.:=·=-~:~-~  :::: ' =====:::==:::========-=========l One point I would lik~ to f:'r.'it,:1.::.;:.l s is the failure on the .. part o-.f conscious whites ancl Rlae, 1;;., :~n cleRling with the j ... J ' 'J American reality in terms of differences. J 'i _1 ·•' ; .~ ~ to emphasize t~e analysis of the differences bet~een Black and .. . 1 / : 1 .. , ' •: ., < We are beginning white people. There has been an escap~st attitude on the pa~t of SNCC .j T , ,· ; of )143.215.248.55ing at the problem as if race did not matter. --~~,.. -:,..,~ This negates the special history of Black people in this country, 1·. . ·. .':.. .-_mainly the slavery period and the inhumRn forms of segregat- · · ion we have been forced to su~fer. ~nether important point is that most Blacks and whites tend to view ~lacks in the light of _the my-th e that the power s true ture has ore a ted and perpetrated in this country. Black people are considered as "citizens" along the same lines as white people in this count- ry, when in reality, Black people are a semi-colonialized people, victims ·o r a domestic colonialism. .. ,. •. .,, Our introduction· into this country occured during the same time as the partition of Africa and Asia by the European powers, so that the American ins.t i tut ion of · slav.ery was, too , _ a form of , I, I ·-1· . Western Colonialism. . ,,'1· ~~1 ;'!- ·', ' i": \ Therefore Black people in this country ., ,( .•I . l afift in the same way as ao other colonial p~i;:.ples to their environment and experience, but the myths of America labels . _· j ,j n ', them citizens which is an unreal attitude. Also, one of the main blocks in terms of Black self- / recognition antl self-identification in this c9untry has been I interference f~om the dominant white society. '. . From the 1900's to the priesent time Afro-Amer-ican writers and thinlcers have had to contend with the encroachment . of white intellectuals upon 'l:;heil" culture arid . upon ·~;heir thou 6 hts. t·ot ·o·nly cH:d the white inte11ectua1s .·encroaoh upon their thought and culture �:~: . . ! .,, . ·...... _ · .. _ . . . ··-~ r-i:- -..:· . ·- - t~; .... .,._ ~ . .;:a--_-7:"-::·: --<- . ·, . . . - ·- -: - · . - , - -· · ·· - ·. - · r.,:~""' ~ -· ;~- - -· ..,• ·- - _ b-ub· they- l>rought . -· ., - bacl_-cground . .. - .:· -· . ' . • '., If • :"· ....._.,. ' . .. . ~""'-. ·- .!:'. . .~t. - --. • • - ,,,.. .... - ·- · .--.-,..,..'.:.icc:..::"..:==.: ·..:.: ,::;~--.ll ~ · ·.. ·=: - ============::;;;;:: ==·= to it t-heir -whole American ~ of racism and paternalism so that Black culture was potrayed as something being base, second-r~te or below the culture of the United States, which was consi<'lered ."serious" ' or "real 11 • music. ' / -~~· . :- This music which is rooted in the whole experience of .our people in this country was not even named by Black ... •' ( One grap_hic example of this is modern Afro_;, American .. r ·p eople. Modern Afro-American music is named II jazz", which .,. ;- . ;i . ; .. ._ I  :f _. ; : . ' ,r 't I (r. ~ is a term that is derived from white · American society. It is w~{te ~iang to~ sexual intercourse; so that otir musid ~hich ,, j mo.y- be called the maii1stram of our culture ·was l<'.lolced upon ~-) i' .? ! • ·I . " as being :base and second~r at a or dirty and containing aen- .1 sousness, sexuality a nd other exoticisms. II : ! l: .j .' . i.; -. •' J'. 1J :./ ,: -: . .., ~ ~~ '• j • .' ., r This however says mo~e about the white American psyche than it does about aspects of Afro - American culture. • One of the c~!ticisms of wh i t e mili t a nts and radicals is that when we ~iew the masses of white people we view the ov~rall reali ty of Americ a , we view the racis~, the b i gotry , a.nd the dis tortion of pe r s onal i t y, we view .man's inhumanity t o man; we view in reality 180 million r ac is t s. white int ol~c tual and rad i c al The sepsit i ve who is figh t ing to bring · about change is c onscious . of t his f act, but does no t have ,_:i ... _; t he courage to admit this. Whe n. he admi ts this reality, t he n he must also admit his invol veme nt bec aµse -he is a par.t / of the colle c t1ve white Amer ic a. ,, I t is onl,Y t o t he extent that he recognizes this that he will be able to change this _reality. Another concern is how does· the white radical view the Black Community and .how does he view the_ poor white community in terms of' organizing. So far, we have found that most white r-ad-lcals have sought · to escape· the horrible reality of' America by going ===~1 �-··~t~~,: 1Wf: :r:.:.•~~i,•,l~,,.f~ - - -----------------------------"""""'.'~: ~; 1:j .· .:. ;_ ·- ; . . ·-->--··' ' .-r.::-~ ~ ~ =====-=====-=====1 '::• I~ .;4 ,- ~--. · · 0!, - . .. . . _ , _ _ ., ... - ·. ... ,.,.. :: ' ., 7'?:>'·- . . -- ~ : ~-... _ ; . ~:-. , -l . • - ,, . .. .. .- - :-- .. . . ..• .. . ···· ····- - .• . , ,- ·-- 7 - · , , . ·-: - - - - .. ·- - _ _ ____ .. ., ~ ._ ·- - · - - ~ " " ' ~ , • . , , - - --- \· ,.. .· ·. ·--- ·.--- ·-·· · •"'.°'. -·~. . " . , . -~-l. f.., . . . ·· ··-·· ·· · · ' • . - ·into the Black Com~unity and attempting to organize Black .people while neglecting the o~g~nlzation of their pwn ..' • . •: . ' , people's racist communities. '. ·r . , •·· • - :-- r 1 Eaving to move aside and letting this natural process of growth and development ta~:Cing ~ '. place must l:>e faced. These views should not be equated with outside influence or outside agitation hut should be -view~d · as the natural process of growth and . development within a ·movement; so that the move by the Black militants iri iSNCC in this direction should be viewed as a turn towards s elf-dete rmina t i on. I t i s very ironic and curiouE how ~·ar e whi t e s in this c ount_ry c an champion anti - coloni ali sm in othe r countries in _. Af rica, As i a , a nd Lat in Ame r i c a , but when Black people move • t J V r .i' ., ·, f :I f towards simila r goals of s elf- det e_rmina tion ;1n thi~ country ,, they are viewed· as· racists a nd anti-white by these same pro1 gressive whites. In proceeding further, · i~ can be said that this attitude - de~ives from-the overall point of view of the white .psyche · as 'it ; concerna the black people~ · This attitude ·· ·stems · 'troni- the EH'~ of the slave ·revolts· ·when every- white ·: man y • ' I , 1•, \ •' ' • ~ \ ,: •., / ' / t , -., ~ • t~ ,. I . ·, , ~ . . ~ ', '. • i , •:',I ' I • �·. ... ..._. ,_ .. . l~..gi.}_'"'.""-_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _l.) ·,~--~ ~~ i .-:.m£\1~~. . ! 't-,j•, . ~ .. ~ . •. • ' - ~ i:; ., ,;! •. ~ .... ··- -:. - - .,:: . · ·, -~ , .. . , ... - ..... .. : - :;: J .. ~ • • t . ' ': •' I-~·' • • i- ~ !: ·-.-~ • . . - - ~: -- .·;·, .. ___ ._.,....._-- ·ir_•• '!""t,. •, ..: - ~~..,..,..~ - ..~·""'==-""'-~-.',-, ...,..., . _,.,.,.___,.....,,,,,=·.,,,;·====·= - ~.........::--~-:...t_....· ~ . ·. ·,,·, 1. . · .- -...... ·;- -.. -~.... ~ _•,:_...:.:., ....._~~·- ..-:. .. ,...,,..,_ ~ ========== ============-! = · = ) -~ was a potential deputy o~ sheriff or guArdian of the State ~ ..-.. .. ·, t . .. ': ; .:. . . ~ i . .. Because wh~n Black people ~ot toget her among themselves to work • out the~r problems, it be6ame a threat to white pe~ple, becau~e . such meetings were _potentiat slave revolts~ . 'l .. .l .: ·,.·· -: ..' • • l • ,, i -,:.: ' ·-· :.', · . .!F ~. -~ I 1.1 ~ . 1 • . ~ •• " ~~ ed that this attitude or way 'of thinkirtg has 'perpetuated itself· to this current pe~iod and that it is part of the psyche of . ~- . white people in this country whatever their political per- I -~ . It uan be maintain- . . . . ' :, suasion might be. ~ .. It is part 6~ the white fear-gui~t com- -~. . plex -.1·esult-ing from the slave revolts. There have be'en -: { . i . .. . examples of whiteR who stated that they can oeal with black 1 ,· ,· ,! . - . J j l I I, , . . ~ I fellows on an individual b~sis but become threatened· or . '. • ,: • , < , . men·a oed by the presence of groups of Blacks.. . 1. ' , , . i}' . . I t can be main- te.1.ned that this attitude is held by the majority of progress- I ive ~bites in this country. It is a very grave error to mis t ake Blac!t se1.f'-asse r t :ic::o. £or racism or Black supremacy. Black people in th i s count r y .· more so than th~ colonial people~ .of the world know wha~ it ,J, means to be ~ictims of racism, bigotry, and s lave ry. ..•: Real- '· i zing our predictame nt f rom these inhuman a tt itud es i t would be r idiculous for us to turn around and perpet~ate the same reacti onary outlook on other people. We mor e than anyone else realize the i mportanc e of achie ving the type of society, . the type of world whereby people can be viewed as human be·ings. The means of reaching these goals must be, h9wever, from the .! point of view of respecting the differences~etween peoples a I and cultures and not pretending that everyone· is the s ame and the refusal to respect differences is one of the reasons that · ·,1 .I : . ,.I t he w9rld is exploding today~ Also expa nding upon t he ni ffer- .. �:._: rt . · · I r-;-- ._. i • ~~ .; ..~?.!'-:~·t·~-~-·"-'· ·-·. '·,:!"!.- ... i' l ;;_'{, '.,~f :-:":--:"··,,;:~· "I . .:..,.) - • .. . r;;;,,e- - ••• - ' ., ·· i~_,,, .....,, . ·· -~.;:i •. ·- ' ' - -- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -. --.--. ___.... ___ - --~ - -~ -~---~ --~ .-~... ' ,.-~ - . ... .... ··- :_ .•- . .... .. .. • ...... . ' .; . " ; . ~...... ........ .... . . - . . •• • _ .. ~;2;,,.:.. ::;- ...U - ·- · · ' - ·- ·t . . perpetuating the myth of white ·supremacy. "' . "i;," .. ~ -......-·' '-:=":'=~~ .,.; .. ~,··.~ .. . · -.::::·~~...~ ': ;.. r.::::, ~· .;.. .. "intcgt-atic,n 1!._.0d .pr-ogress then one is really •. ..-- - ·-if one·· 'i~~\u,~- ~ b, - - ·- - One is s:3-ying that Blacks have nothing to contribute, and should be willing . . ! to assimilate into the mainstream of Great white civilization, ., I j . . ~ . \ · f .;1 ·. ·-· ., '• I 1 ' ~ ·, ! ii••! I ., !•. I ·' A through re•examination must be made by hladk people concerning the ' contributions that we have made in shaping If this re•examination and re-evalttation is not this .country. { i•l i.e. the west. made, and Black people are not given their proper due and -;.. r i . respect, then the antagbnisms and contradictions a~e going to become more and more glaring, more and more intense until a ·:: national explosion may resu~t. ~ '..; ·1r . .,l When people attempt to move from these conclusions it ' l .,:·!. ·t f . , would be faulty reasoning to say they are · ordered by racism, ';: i: l r, C .· .•.: • • ·.·..: \'· : .. l: ··~ . j !. \j; ~·?: I ,. i ·. ( , 1 . ' , I i • •. ~ ' We all know the ha.voe that this has created through - The r~ fore any re-evaluation that we must make will, for . ; i people. this country. L ' · ·. ioned as a type of white nationalism whe n dealing with Black out the world and particularly among non-white people i n ! . ,' because, in this country and in the west, Racism has· funct • . .. ·I the mos t part, deal with identifica tion. Who a r e Black people; wha t are Black pe ople; what is their relationship ., r - •. r . to America and the World? ·.1 ' i ·. , It must be repe a t ed that t he whole myth . of "Negro CitizenI ship"~ perpetuated by the Hhite Power Elite, ,has confused the j ' ·t ' , • • t .. ... l l I 1 1 thinking of radical and progressive blacks and whites in this country. The broad masses of Black people react to American Society in the same manner as colonial peoples react to t he . v west in Africa, and Latin American, and have the same r elationship - ·that or . the oolonized towards.· the colonizer. ·, - -·- . ... . -~- .. ...:.. ,: . .. .. . ; . .- .- �rr:,. •t,!lli$,Z -~ t y;f.af " •.,.:·i~~4,_______________________________~o::- ••.. ,•• ~.- - :" ':' ·:,; ·,::1 ": . - .. . . ~ ... ·-· -·· ····-.... . ... i .,. , ? i ·! ,.. , ,• .. . -.. - - - - - · t:""" ·..-;: ... --")J·."'P"r'-• -. .'....,;=~----...;,....-, '.. :.· _.··.·.··.·.::. .~,.,,;.,,,,,,,..,,i= -:: -·· ·___·':,,>:-;. . ·_'-.- -·.·,. . ~ ,!!!:!C - ' l ·· _ - • . .. . .. ...... . . , - - .,.-. - ... , - _:.,... : · ±"== . -::=-c~~=·::--, • .,;-.-,: _ . •,.---:;'.:.~ .~ in . .....~ . , ,1. ,, ·· : --: - · -: . " i: -· .,. . · ·~=--:===~=----··- =-===========:::::: '.-:.!;,! ,:'...:::..:;:_·.;: ;.:, ,- . ,_._ _ - - - ---- - - •- · - an attempt tb resolve an internal crises that it' now .c onf~ ·~tin~ SNCC, the B1A.ck-nhi ta issue ( which is .· ; •~ i ~ t caui;inc: eruptions that e.rr: S'3riously hamp0rinr our strur;p:le ' · . for self- dotorm.ination) MUst now be dealt with. In an analysis of our history in . this country, we have ·..,. been forced to come to the conclusion that 400 years of .. · oppression and slavery suffered in this country by our Black forebears parallels in a very r,raphic way tho opprossion and colonization suffered by the African people. 'lhe questions can be rightfully asked, v,hat part did tho white colonizers ! ·. '- 4' ·j· . . play .in the liberation· of independent .'\.frican Nations; who . ' I • were the . ar;i-tators for .'\.frican independence? . /mswers . · to those . , .. · questions c.o mpel us to believe that our strurGle for .liberat- i• . • . ·j . 1' . ,. . ion ~nd self- determknation cen o~lr be c~rried out effect- .. ively by Black people. ' ' 'Ibo necessity o} dealinr, with the question of identity • 1 'I : is of prime importance in our own strn ~r:le. •J destruction of our links to Afric'a, the cultu ral cut-off of I The . systematic ' . ·~;• J Blacks in this country from Blacks in Africa are not situat-.. ·! . ions that conscious Black people in this country are willing to accept. , Nor are conscious Black people in this country ,. •, ·, 1 !· ,. I wil~inG to accept an ~ducational system· that teaches all ~ _, ~ · aspec ts of western civilization and dismisses our Afro- ! \·. I i ~ . • ' ,. ·.. ·e • ' ./ I ' American contribution with one week of inadequate information. (Necro History Week) and deals with _nfrica not at all. Black I people are net willini to align themselves with a western culture ·that daily emasculates our beauty, our pride and our _ ' .i I manhood.. It follows that white people boin~ part of western i ! .· civicization in a way .that Black people ~ould never be are I • 1 ·: .~· ! totally indequate ,to . deal with Black identity which is' key '! .v ~ ·:=· I. ·!. ~ • ' ,, . ... :_ ~.-:::·T . .-'. ~- ~ ~ ~~ .· I . l" l : ~ .. �~........J.::~.-t: ..-:.:. .'j ,~ ,.,, i,~~.-~._1,;ii!-i, _ _;.,__ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ •_ _ _ _ __, , . . . . , _ ~ ~ - -- - - - - - -.......~-~ 143.215.248.55- .. .. ·-.. -~.-:-: ~ . i..' . :,.· - . .. .... j • · .. ... . J . ·~ ~ \ .r · - - · ~· - . ,. · ~ -.i-::-:,,_._. __ _.z" · - ·: -. ; · : - - - _· ,·,_r,_ __, ··· ..., .. . . .. - - -· - -~ - ~ ! . ., ": - · ·• . :.::~ ~ "; ~ ---r--·--· ...... "===-==============-== - -.'.-= .. '--'-'" - ' =- :_,.-!;-_-: .:.... to our strur~le for s~lf-deternination. ' . ~ · ··-- ·-· . \'lhen it _c omes to the question of or:-anizing Black people., · 1 · 'L .., . J, _; i ,; / . ... ·; we nrust insist that the people wl10 come in cpntact with the . 11lack masses .,re not white people who, no matter what their - . .. • '.. . . liberal leaninr.;s ere, are not equipped to dispel the myths of western superiority,. ·. ~ ~-.. ' i .. I · . !; . .. .; . I . • j .:: ~ ..: ·. V/hite people only serve to perpetuate ~ .· '. these myths; rather, orranizing must he done by Black people •I\ ~- : . . ·_are able to see the beauty of themselves, are able to see the . · :. important cultural contributions of 11.fro-.~ mericans, are able ' I' , • . to s~e that this country was built upon the blood and backs of a ~ ., ,, ' '•- ; . our Black anc'.ls tors. "-· -~ L. .. .~. ~ .. -'· ·: that our or":aniza tion · ( SNCC) should he BlacJ staffed, Black ·r : . ..:·: ;i· controlled l< e/ , ·-;:), ,. · :· j :;( ,· ·. f ' . ·, .: :f :·._·.. :. ! '•' ,...,. . . "i • - . -:, ;1 ' :.~ • 's ._JI: . In an attempt to find a .solution to ou~~ilema, we propose . --~ . •• ' • .: ' · end Biack financed. We do not want to fall into a similar dilema that other Civil Ri.ri:h ts or .r:,aniza tions. have fallen .. . · If we continue ta r3ly·upon ~hi to financinl support we will · find ourselves wntviined in the tentacles of the \~1hite power complex that controls this country. It . is also important that a Black or~a~ization '( devoid of cultis~ · ) be projected to our I: _1 ,,  !f people so that it cen be demonstrated that srich orranizations .' J are viable. More and more we see Black people in this country being used as a. tool of the white liberal establishment. ii .. I.; I Liberal whit es have not bep.:un to address themselves to the real problems I '.· of Bleck people .in this co .. ntry; witness th eir bewilderment, 1 fear and anxiety Wh'3n Nationalism_ is mentioned concerning Black people. An analysis of th~ir (white liberal) reaction to the · word alone (Nationalism) re~eals a very meanin~ful attitude of whites or any ideolorical persuasion towards ~lacks in this ~- ,. .: ,· ..~ ' t' : ..:· .- ::; .:. ' country •. . · i _t me~ns, t _h at previous so11.• tions to ;Black :problems • • •.: ., •· ·.-...!.- · ..:..:...: . ·: . ' ·f .·. __ . ..... _; .. -.;_~ .. I �.... of those whites ) not in the best interest's of .: dealin(", with t;hooo problems · : Black peopla in this · country hnve beon made in the interests of ·: . .. . ;;' . ,:: ·.;' : '._ those whites dealinr; with those problems and not in the. best · inter~stof Black people in this coPntry. i . ., .. -~ '"/hi tes can only sub- .. .:. vert our true search and strur:rle for self-determination, self- f :. :. l i : ', ·: · r .:· identification, and liberation in this country. R0_-evaluation of the white and Black roles nrust NOW take place so that whites ' no longer designate roles that Black people play but rather BlAck people define white people's roles. . ·•·' To ionr, have we allowed white people to interprr.tt the importance and meaniri~ of the cultural aspects of_ .our society, . ' ' I . 1 ·: '., . : :'. . . I have allowed. them to tell us what was p:obd a'bou t our .\ fro- · -: · ~·ie '. ·~<.- .- ; . ' l::,·. : .,· ·. ·. · ,'.: American nrusic·, art and literature. . :i, : ... . ·:· ~-.. . ·. . ~ ' ,:~,,,! . 1. . , I ~ • .. we have on the , ·J :;,,·, ~-! I _'\ '. . . ! ..\ of the Black psyche ( except in the oppressor's role) ·. . . interpret the meaning of the Blues to ' · ·. ! .• < us who are manifestations of the son,:;s themse1V'3s? I . ', _., How can a white person who is not jazz" sc!'lne? It nrust also be pointed out that on wha.tever level of con- ,, ~. ' 1 tact that "1lacks and v1hites .come to r,ethor, that meetinG .or•r--,n- > I,!. . I ,I li ·:;:_:. ·..  :,•• ' I :-' L ,. i. .~ I '.: ! :. .1l . l ~ . I '\ whites is a reinforcoment of the myth of vrhite supremacy • .Vlhite~ nre · th,:i ones who must try to raise themselves to oµr humanistic I , ne are not, after all, the ones wh9 are responsible . for a ~enoci da l war in Vietnam; we are not the ones who are ' l I; ' ,. I responsible for Neo-Colonialism in Africa and Latin ~merica; 'it• '• This only means that our everyday contac t with / ., '. level of whites. level. ·i ' frontation in not on the level of the Blacks but always on the ,., t ;. I .' • .• . we are not the ones who held a people in animalistic bonda~e . . · over 400 years • . ,_, we raj ect , t~~ A~eric_an Dz,ean as d_efined : by whi ta people • - ~ • • I J /. I a part • ,· 1··· II How many Black critics do _.,._ . '" •• ~ .-1 .' , ... "·-=-·· ,. _ •, :: • . :. _ ~J ·~:: ~ I • ·i '_ ~ .. : • �.. r.:. .·- l ••'i .....,, ' ·~ .S:_ :·~~-·-· ·:. ,. ) , - ,, ') ,. and must work to construct. , .u ~;, 111orican real1 ty· de.fined ·,. / by A.fro-A:".l'ler.j .~~l:".'.s(I • ' .') ' - ' ·• ' • •• • ,: I . . ···-- . ... ., .. ·:· , ': ·. .. ~ , · ·' i .. ·: ' •.,1. : '.: - ... j· ... .. •: .·. ': .. . '.~ ·. '•, , .' ... ,. ·- ·.,. 1• . . • 1· .· . .·. , ' ','- · ' ..; ., I. !' t .. ,, ': ·.\" •' . .:·~~ . • • \· .. f ~ \. . f. ,. ' .' , ...; f -:, .. , ./,• .- t"' ~'. {, _, ((: ·· .; .... . ' . . ;· .. ., -~- .. .~. .: t ·' .' I' ... ) '•< ' .' ..... '•, .l _. ,,, '• ·' ' ;. .'l ... _. , \. - t ... ..:.!'"·· . ·.,\, ' ,; .; . ~- :: .r ' f .i -1q l ., , •• . ,, t •' .. ~ l i: ' 1 l •i )r :• j t l ... ' I • • \. . ~ ~ ·: ' ... I.  ; ,· ;.; . .: • , ~ J ..),i . r ·'! ,r,: ,:ri .: .. [Ii: • I ~.,.•.·, ..... f· ~ , :'.: -. . , ,i I l ' . ,{'\• '! " I ' I I I, \' I I / ...... ., r- 1 ..' . .J. j{ .·, l [ ' ... ' .. . . •·' ' .- . • ,•:· . . ~ ~ i ·\ ., .·"..i-' .· .~ ~ ., . ~ :~ .~.. : -...... . i l. '-~: u ~ i l .' It �A STATEMENT OF PURPOSE AND A PLAN OF ACTION FOR ATLANTANS CONCERNED ABOUT RIOTS, THEIR CAUSES AND THEIR CONSEQUENCES We, the undersigned Atlantans, are deeply concerned about the riots which have occurred in our nation with increasing frequency and with mounting violence! We are concerned about the consequences of continued rioting and believe that the deterioration of human relations could do greater damage than the loss of mater ial things if we fail to bring an end to the riots and. the conditions which spawn them. We commend to every thoughtful citizen who believes in law and order and in human progress the recently released Report of the National Advisory Commission on Civil Disorders. Whether one would agree absolutely with its methodology or the conclusions of the commission, we believe the report contains food for thought and suggestions for action which merit consideration. The report is a good point of reference and basis for discussion and action. We are convinced that neither studies nor resolutions nor good intentions alone will suffice. We believe that all of the religious leaders of metropolitan Atlanta should act now to bring an end to conditions in our midst which create despair, contribute to human degradation and fuel violence. We, therefore, commit ourselves to assist in the task of transforming our urban area that, insofar as our abilities and resources permit, we shall endeavor to respond . to this urban crisis and help create a city where there is personal safety for all persons and property and where there is reason for hope and opportunity for individual growth and dignity for every citizen. To do this, there are many things which we believe must be done. There must be a pooling of all resources - a coordinated effort by rich and poor, by affluent and depressed citizens, by leaders in religion and education, in business and the professions, in industry and labor, in government, and in all walks of life to meet our citizens needs in the following areas: Police Protection Every citizen is entitled to· be secure in his person and property and to fair treatment by law enforcement officials; and, in turn, eGCh citizen has a duty to obey the law and support and cooperate with police officials. �Education Every citizen must have the opportunity for equal educational opportunity - lmowledge of one's rights and duties, education for employment, and for living - the essentials to a society of law and order and human progress. Housing Every citizen must have access to decent housing. This goal adopted long ago has not been achieved, and there is yet to be obtained a climate in which every person will have equal opportunity for housing that he can afford. Employment There must be training for new jobs and retaining for other jobs in our changing technology, and there must be an end to discrimination against qualified persons based on sex, race, age or handicap. As we see it, we must create new attitudes even more than we need to create new programs, but both are needed! To establish new attitudes we must begin with ourselves, our families, our churches and synagogues. Therefore, we commit ourselves to an effort to: 1. Carry on mutual interchanges in our churches with ministers and layman of all races discussing these critical areas of concern. 2. Preach and give courses within our own churches dealing with these areas. 3. Adopt and carry out special projects which contribute to the betterment of conditions in each of the foregoing areas, and encourage such things as positive support for day care centers, low cost housing corporations, health clinics, and training employment programs. In order to develop wide acceptance of our stated purpose and our plan of action, we respectfully urge Mayor Ivan Allen, Jr. to issue invitations to Atlanta's political, economic and religious leaders, and to citizens representative of all areas of our urban community to attend a meeting sponsored by the undersigned with the Mayor serving as host. The purpose of the meeting will be to achieve in the Atlanta u rbru1 - - - - -- - - - - �area an agreement on our stated purpose, and to arrange for a coordinated use of all possible resources. We seek a true and new commitment and to develop a simple connectional structure to carry out this commitment. We, by signing this resolution, do declare ourselves to be an inter-faith . committee, and authorize our designated representatives to visit the Mayor of the City of Atlanta and other local leaders of this area for the following purposes: 1. To offer the full support of ourselves as representatives of the religious community of the urban area for coordinated effort in meeting the needs of every individual. 2. To fund a luncheon for leaders and representatives of both races at which time we could hear from Mayor Allen his suggestions as to how all availab}e resources might be coordinated to achieve our objectives. 3. To support a call for broader ministerial and lay leadership in subsequent meetings and projects. 4 . And to offer ourselves for service on any Council or Committee dealing with these critical areas. Finally, we invite all citizens to join with us in a commitment to our statement of purpo se and our plan of action, and we ask the help of Almighty God in this endeavor to transform and redeem our entire urban area. Signed on This Day, Tuesday 2nd of April , 1968 ' �LEADERSHIP CONFERENCE ON CIVIL RIGHTS ))--8 J ROY WILKINS, Chairman ARNOLD ARONSON, Secretary JOSEPH L. RAUH, JR., Counsel CLARENCE M. MITCHELL, Legislative Chairman MARVIN CAPLAN , Di rector Wash i ngtoh Office ' 2027 Mass. Ave., N.W., Washington, D. C. 20036 phone 667-1780 J. FRANCIS POHLHAUS, Special Consultant YVONNE PRICE, Executive Assistant • New York address: 20 West 40th St., 'New York 10018, phone BRyant 9·1400 November 3, 1967 Hon. I van Allen, Jr. Mayor of Atlanta City Hall Atlanta, Georgia Dear Mayor Allen: I think the most recent MEMO of the Leadership Conference on Civil Rights may be of inte rest to you, so I enc lose a copy. As you may know, the Conference is a coalition of 112 national organizations. Since these include many of the civil rights, religious , labor, and fraternal organizations that participate in the Urban Coalition, it occurred to me that you might like to be kept informed of the activities our gr oups enga g e in, and of the kind of l egislat iv e issues they support in advancing our goal of full "civil rights for all Americans through government action a t the national l e vel. 11 Accordingly, we are adding your name to our mailing list. Sinc erely your s . Arnold Aronson, Secr etary Enclosures "Cooperation in t he Common Cause of Civi l Rights for All " �PARTICIPATING ORGANIZATIONS AFR ICAN METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH NATIONAL BEAUTY CULTURISTS' LEAGUE, INC. AFRICAN METHODIST EPISCOPAL ZION CHURCH NATIONAL CATHOLIC CONFERENCE FOR INTERRACIAL JUSTICE ALPHA KAPPA ALPHA SORORITY, INC. NATIONAL CATHOLIC SOCIAL ACTION CONFERENCE NAT IONAL COMMUNITY RELATIONS ADVISORY COUNCIL ALPHA PHI ALPHA FRATERNITY, INC. NATIONAL COUNCIL OF CATHOLIC MEN AMALGAMATED CLOTHING WORKERS OF AMERICA NATIONAL COUNCIL OF CATHOLIC WOMEN AMALGAMATED MEAT CUTTERS & BUTCHER WORKMEN NATIONAL COUNCIL OF CHURCHES RELIGION & RACE AMERICAN CIVIL LIBERTIES UNION AMERICAN ETHICAL UNION COMMISSION ON NATIONAL COUNCIL OF JEWISH WOMEN AMERICAN FEDERATION OF LABOR ORGANIZATIONS CONGRESS OF INDUSTRIAL NATIONAL COUNCIL OF NEGRO WOMEN NATIONAL COUNCIL OF PUERTO RICAN VOLUNTEERS, INC. AMERICAN FEDERATION OF STATE COUNTY & MUNICIPAL EMPLOYEES NATIONAL COUNCIL OF SENIOR CITIZENS, INC. AMERICAN FE_DERATION OF TeACHERS NATIONAL DENTAL ASSOCIATION AMERICAN JEWISH COMMITTEE NATIONAL FARMERS UNION AMERICAN JEWISH CONGRESS NATIONAL FEDERATION OF CATHOLIC COLLEGE STUDENTS AMERICAN NEWSPAPER GUILD NATIONAL FEDERATION OF SETTLEMENTS & NEIGHBORHOOD CENTERS AMERICAN VETERANS COMMITTEE NATIONAL FEDERATION OF TEMPLE SISTERHOODS AMERICANS FOR DEMOCRATIC ACTION NATIONAL JEWl'SH WELFARE BOARD-\ ANTI-DEFAMATION LEAGUE OF B'NAI B'RITH NATIONAL MEDICAL ASSOCIA'TION A. PHILIP RANDOLPH INSTITUTE NATIONAL NEWMAN STUDENT FEDERATION ' BISHOP'S COMMITTEE FOR THE SPANISH SPEAKING NATIONAL NEWSPAPER- PUBLISHERS ASSOCIATION B'NAI B'RITH WOMEN NATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR MEXICAN-AMERICAN SERVICES BROTHERHOOD OF SLEEPING CAR PORTERS NATIONAL ORGANl2'ATION FOR WOMEN CHRISTIAN METH_DDIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH NATIONAL SHARECROPPERS FUND .' CHURCH OF THE ,BRETHREN - BRETHREN SERVICE COMMiSSION ,.. ..... ' ... CHURCH WOMEN UNITED NATIONAL UREi°AN LEAGUE CITIZENS LOBBY FOR FREEDOM & FAIR PLAY OMEGA PSI PHI FR'.°'TERNITY, INC. PHI BETA slGMA FRATifRNITY, tN'c. DEL•TA SIGMA THETA EPISCOPAL CHU .~ CH - - •\ " ~ SORORITY • NEGRO AMERICAN LABOR COUNCIL COLLEGE YCS NATIONAL STAFF ot • t ~ CONGRESS-OF RACIAL EQUALITY L ~ PHI DEL TA KAPPA SORORl1"Y -: , 1 DIV{SIOJ'i OF CHRISTIAN CITiZENSHIP P_IONEER WOMEN , AMERICAN AFFAIRS l:'RESBYTERIAN INTERRACIAL COUNCIL EPISCOPAL_SOCIETY FOR CULTURAL AND RACIAL UWJ:.Y RETAIL WHOLESALE & DEPARTMENT S°tORE UNION FRANCISCAN JURISDICTION OF THE THIRD O~DER, OF _ST. FRANCIS sournERf'.'I FRONTIERS INTERNATIONAL SOtJTHERN CHRISTIAN LEADERSHIP CONFERENCE • • BEAurl coNGR~ss. 1Nc. HADASSAH TEXTILE WORKERS UNION OF AMERICA HOTEL AND RESTAURANT EMPLOYEES AND BARTENDERS INTERNATIONAL UNION TRANSPORT WORKERS UNION OF AMERICA IMPROVED BENEVOLENT & PROTECTIVE ORDER OF ELKS OF THE WORLD INDUSTRIAL UNION DEPARTMENT-AFL-CIO UNITARIAN UNIVERSALIST ASSOCIATION & RACE INTERNATIONAL LADIES GARMENT WORKERS' UNION OF AMERICA UNITARIAN UNIVERSALIST WOMEN'S FEDERATION INTERNATIONAL UNION OF ELECTRICAL RADIO & MACHINE WORKERS UNITED AUTOMOBILE WORKERS OF AMERICA IOTA PHI LAMBDA SORORITY, INC. UNITED CHURCH OF CHRIST- COMMITTEE FOR RACIAL JUSTICE NOW UNION OF AMERICAN HEBREW CONGREGATIONS COMMISSION ON RELIGION JAPANESE AMERICAN CITIZENS LEAGUE UNITED CHURCH OF CHRIST- COUNCIL FOR CHRISTIAN SOCIAL ACTION JEWISH LABOR COMMITTEE UNITED HEBREW TRADES JEWISH WAR VETERANS UNITED PACKINGHOUSE, FOOD & ALLIED WORKERS LABOR ZIONIST ORGANIZATION OF AMERICA UNITED PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH - COMMISSION ON RELIGION & RACE LEAGUE FOR INDUSTRIAL DEMOCRACY UNITED PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH - OFFICE OF CHURCH & SOCIETY LUTHERAN CHURCH IN AMERICA- BOARD OF SOCIAL MINISTRY UNITED RUBBER WORKERS MEDICAL COMMITTEE FOR HUMAN RIGHTS UNITED STATES NATIONAL STUDENT ASSOCIATION NATIONAL ALLIANCE OF POSTAL & FEDERAL EMPLOYEES UNITED STATES YOUTH COUNCIL NATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF COLORED PEOPLE UNITED STEELWORKERS OF AMERICA NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF COLLEGE WOMEN UNITED SYNAGOGUE OF AMERICA NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF COLORED WOMEN'S CLUBS, INC. UNITED TRANSPORT SERVICE EMPLOYEES NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF NEGRO BUSINESS & PROFESSIONAL WOMEN 'S CLUBS , INC. UNIVERSITY CHRISTIAN MOVEMENT WOMEN ' S INTERNATIONAL LEAGUE FOR PEACE & FREEDOM NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF REAL ESTATE BROKERS, INC. WORKERS DEFENSE LEAGUE NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF SOCIAL WORKERS WORKMEN 'S CIRCLE NATIONAL BAPTIST CONVENTION . U . S. A. YOUNG WOMEN 'S CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION OF THE USA NATIONAL BAR ASSOCIATION ZETA PHI BETA SORORITY �j LEADERSHIP CONFERENCE ON CIVIL RIGHTS ROY WILKINS, Chairman ARNOLD ARONSON, Secretary JOSEPH L. RAUH, JR., Counsel CLARENCE M. MITCHELL, Legislative Cha irman MARVIN CAPLAN , Director Wash i ngton Office J. FRANCIS POHLHAUS, Speci al Consultant .' ' YVONNE PRICE, Executive Assistant 2027 Mass. Ave., N.W., Washington, D. C. 20036 phone 667-1780 THE LEADERSHIP New York address: 20 West 40th St. , New York 10018, phone BRyant 9-1400 CONFERE N CE · ON WHAT I t S p e a ks F o r • IT IS AND CIVIL RIGHTS: DOES M i 11 i o .n s In the las t 17 ye ars th e on Civil Rights has becom e a L eade .rship C o n fere nce u n iq ue s pok es ma n : voice for 112 nation a l o rganiz a tio n s gether to urge ne w c i v i l when they pres s f o r t he when they jo i n t o - ri g hts laws upon Con gre s s and s tr o ng erifo:rcement of exi sti ng l a ws . Th e Co nference is a coalition of ma j or civi l rights, labor, religi ou s , w ho se s t r eng t h lies in it s civ i c and fraterna l groups unity o Wh e n the Conf e ren c e c omes ou t in support of a p e n di ng bi l l or urges a of act i on up on t h e gover n m rant ll co urse it spea ks o n beh alf of mil l ions of A mericans of all ra c e s 9 creeds, re ligions, and ethnic grou ps and from all walks of life o It s P urpose In it s statement of pur pose ll clares itself as ~'a v oluntary ll the C onf eren ce de- nonpartisan ass ociation of autonomous national organizati o ns see king to advance "Cooperat ion in the Common Cause of Civil Rights for All" �PARTICIPATING ORGAI\JIZATIONS AFRICAN METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH l~ l\T ONAL E c.AU TY CULTURISTS' LEAGUE, INC. AFRICAN METHODIST EP ISCOPAL ZIO N CHURCH ~,AT O~",L CA I HOLIC CONFEREN CE FOR INT ERRACIAL JUSTICE NI, T ld~;'IL Ch T1 1 J LIC SOCIAL ACTION CONFERENCE ALPHA KAPPA ALPHA SORORITY, INC. ••;:,[ ,n ALPHA PH I ALPHA FRATERNITY, INC. N AMALGAMATED CLOTHING WORKERS OF AMERICA TIO',Al C~l'· V L OF CATHOLIC WOMEN /\MALGA MATED M EAT CUTTERS & BUTCHER WORKMEN ,, AMER l.,AN CIVI L LIBERTIES UNION , ~-'1/.l ~01, •~ IL OF CH URCHES-COMMISSION ON Fi E.LI, ION e. R4CE N ,TIONAl. COuNCI L OF JEWISH WOMEN /\Ml:. RICAN ETHICAL UN ION ' AM ERICAN FEDERATION OF LABOR ORGAN IZATIONS c,NITY RELATIONS ADVISORY COUNCIL 10·,;,L C ,L'l'CIL OF CATHOLIC MEN CONGRESS OF INDUSTRIAL i-lAflO~ ,L COLJ NCIL OF NEGRO WOMEN NA1 IONi\l..COUNCIL OF PUERTO RICAN VOLUNTEERS, INC. Al\1EfllCAN FEDERATION OF STATE COUNTY & MUNICIPAL EM PL OYEES 1 AMERICAN FEDERATION OF TEACHERS N Ai .CN , L DENTAL ASSOCI ATION AMERICAN JEWIS H COMM ITTEE NA:!ONAl FA'lfo,lERS UN ION AM ERICAN JEWISH CONGRESS NATIO~ AL FEDERATION OF CATHOLIC COLLEGE STUDENTS ATlvl\ \L CC U ', CI L OF SENIOR CITIZENS, INC. A M ERICAN NEWSPAPER GUI LD NATIQ;-.; ' '- H JtRAT ION OF SETTLEMENTS & NEIGHBORHOOD CENTERS AMF.R ICAN VETERAN S COMMITTEE I\AT1C'N"'L I- -DE RATION OF TEMPLE SISTERHOODS AMER ICANS FOR DEMOCRATIC ACTION NA 110'\AI .l [ V' ISH WELFARE BOARD AN1I DEFAMATION LEAGUE OF B 'NAI B'RITH N ,l1C•NAL 1i1 EUiCAL ASSOCIATION N/,11r~,AL NEWMAN STU DENT FEDERATION A . rHILIP RANDOLPH INSTITUTE NA1 If NAL Nf:.VSPAPER PUBLISHERS ASSOCIATION l3 1SHOP'S COMM ITTEE FOR T HE SPANISH SPEAKING NA rit, t, AL ORGANIZATION FOR MEXICAN-AMERICAN SERVICES B 'NAI B'RITH WOMEN NI\T 10N L ORGAN IZATION FOR WOMEN BROTHERHOOD OF SLEEPING CAR PORTERS II/Al ICNAL SHARECROPPERS FUND CHRI STIAN METHODIST EP ISCOPAL CHURCH ChL,RCH OF THE BRETHREN - BRETHREN SERVICE COMMI SS ION Cf•URC H WOMEN UNITED O:V.EGA I- SI PHI FRATERNITY, INC. C TIZENS LOBBY FOR FREEDOM & FAIR PLAY l'h B l:.TA SIGMA FRATERNITY, INC. COLLEGE YCS NATIONAL STAFF PH I DEL TA KAPPA SORORITY CONGRESS OF RAC IAL EQUALITY PIOla EER WOMEN, AMERICAN AFFAIRS r LL TA SIGMA THETA SOROR ITY EP ISC OPAL CHURCH - DIVISION OF CHRISTIAN CITIZENSHIP PRE.SBYTERIAN INTERRACIAL COUNCIL RE1A IL WHOLESALE & DEPARTMENT STORE UNION EPISCOPAL SOCIETY FOR CULTURAL AND RACIAL UNITY FRANCISCAN JURISDICTI ON OF THE THIRD ORDER OF ST. l"RANCIS SOUTHERN BEAUTY CONGRESS, INC. SOUTHERN CHRISTIAN LEADERSHIP CONFERENCE FRONTIERS INTERNATIONAL · TEXTILE WORKERS UNION OF AMER ICA HADASSAH TRANSPORT WORKERS UNION OF AMERICA HOTEL AND RESTAURANT EMPLOYEES AND BARTENDER S INTERNATIONAL UNION UNION OF AMERICAN HEBREW CONGREGATIONS IM PROVED BENEVOLENT & PROTECTIVE ORDER OF ELKS OF TH E YVOR LD INDUSTRIAL UNION OEPARTMENT-AFL-CIO INTERNATIONAL LADIES GARMENT WORKERS' UNION Of- AMER ICA INTERNATIONAL UNION OF ELECTRICAL RADIO & MAChlNF vv'OR K ERS UNITAR IAN UNIVERSALIST ASSOCIATION -COMMISSION ON RELIGION & RACE U NITARIAN UNIVERSALIST WOMEN'S FEDERATION U N ITED AUTOMOBILE WORKERS OF AMERICA UNITCD CHURCH OF CH HIST- COMM ITTEE FOR RACIAL JUSTICE NOW IOTA PHI LAMBDA SORORITY, INC. UN ITED CHURCH OF CHRIST-COUNCIL FOR CHRISTIAN SOCIAL ACTION JAPANESE AM ERICAN CITIZENS LEAGUE U N 1TED HEBREW TRADES JEWISH LABOR COMMITTEE U NIT ED PACKINGHOUSE, FOOD & ALLIED WORKERS JEWISH WAR VETERANS LABOR ZI ONI ST ORGANIZATION OF AMERICA L EAG UE FOR INDUSTRIAL DEMOCRACY LUTHERAN CHURCH IN AMERICA- BOARD OF SOCIAL M l ~; ISTRY U NI TED PRESBYfERIAN CHURCH - COMMISSION ON RELIGION & RACE UNI TED PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH - OFFICE OF CHURCH & SOCIETY UNITED RUBBER WORKERS UNITED STATES NATIONAL STUDENT ASSOCIATION MEDICAL COMMITTEE FOR HUMAN RIGHTS NATIONAL ALLIANCE OF POSTAL & FEDERAL EMPLOYEES A TIONAL URBAN LEAGUE Nf. GRO AMERICAN LABOR COUNCIL · NATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF COLORl:.[.J PEOPLE NATI ONAL ASSOCIATION OF COLLEGE WOMEN NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF COLORED WOMEN'S Cl. UBS, INC NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF NEGRO BUSINESS & PROFESS IONAL WOMEN 'S CLUBS, INC. UNITED STATES YOUTH COUNCIL UNITED STEELWORKERS OF AM ERICA UNITED SYNAGOGUE OF AM ERICA UNITED TRANSPORT SERVICE EMPLOYEES UNIVERSITY CHRISTIAN MOVEMENT WOMEN' S INTERNATIONAL LEAGUE FOR PEACE & FREEDOM NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF REAL ESTATE BROKERS, INC. WORKERS DEFENSE LEAGUE NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF SOCIAL WORKERS WORKMEN 'S CIRCLI:. NATIONAL BAPTIST CONVENTION, U. S. A. YOUNG WOMEN'S CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION OF THE USA NATIONAL BAR ASSOCIATION ZETA PHI BETA SORORITY �- 2- civil rights for a,11 Americ ans through government action at the national levelo the establishment and By civil rights we mean not only en :£orc e ment of rights in law, f but also the realization social and economic con- ditions in which alone the £ul£illment of thes ·e is possibleo rights 11 How the . Conference Beg an ( The Leadersh ip C o n£ex enc e was formed in 1950 by national organiz ations whose l e aders felt that while they often spoke and acted se parately, occasions when they coul d make a there we r e many greater impact upon official Washing t on a nd t h e genera l public if they joined together in suppoI't of spe cif i c i ss ue s o The Co n fer ence m ex ge d two existin g groups: the National Counci l fo r by A. Ph ili p R andolph, a Permanent FEPC, headed and the National Em er g enc y Civil Rights Mob ilization headed by Roy Wilk ins and Arnold Aron son . A ll three men c on tinue to play imp o r .. tant r ol es in th G Co nfezence : Mr.I_ Randolph is a and Mro M r . member of the W ilkins is Chair ma n, Ex e c utive Commi ttee , Aronson is Secretary . How the Conferenc e Grew From the first , the Conference undertook to �-3- unite its groups behind sp e cific civil rights bills .. it grew in numbers i t g r ew in influenceo The Conference has coordinated all th e na ti onal campaigns fo r civil rights billso It s series of civil ri ght s 19570 major g r eate st s ucc e sses wer e the l aw s pass ed by Congr e ss The mos t no t abl e la ws in t h i s Rights _ Act of 196 4 a nd th e s i n ce g r oup w ere t he Civil Vo ting Ri--g hts Act of 1965. But the C o n f eren c e does not wo r k laws to statute b oo ks .. As I t s org ani zati on s ju st t o ad d know la ws are worth li t tle unless th e y are adequately en f orced. It campaigns u n t ir in g ly f o r existing prog r am s a de qu a te fund s to k e ep goin g a n d for a dequ a te e n forc e m e nt. How the Co n f eren c e O perates T he C on fe ren ce functio ns thr ou gh three main Commi t te e s: for t h e the Executive Com m ittee which se t s policy o rga n i zation ; the Legislative Co mmi ttee, the C ha i rm a n ship of Cl aren ce Mitchell, s t r a teg y f o r u nder which plans pendi ng bills; and the Com mittee on C o m- pliance and E n f orcement » under James Hamilton o f the Nation a l Council of Chur c hes , which wo r ks to see that the laws are ad mini stered str o ngly and effectively. How the Conf erence Keeps Its Groups I n f o rme d The Co n ference tries to keep in constant touch �-4- with its organizationso It sends them regular MEMOs that set forth the immediate legislative situation and suggest what groups can do to help mobilize support for a bill or a of bills, course of action. pamphlets, It publishes analyses papers on what still needs to be done to achieve full equalityo Not Civil Rights Alone Over the years the Confe re nce has b ro adened its concernso It realizes that the fight for full equality and the War on Poverty are interconnected. In ad - dition to campaigning for civil rig hts bills it has also worked for passage of an adequate minimum wage law· ; for reapportioned state legislatures so that they represent more truly all the peo p l e in a educational oppo rtun ity; for adequate food di stribution to the country's poor; for h om e of Columbi a ; for state; for broad rule fo r the Dist ri ct s chool desegregation. These are only a few of its campaign s . The Confere n ce remains t od ay f i rm in its belief that progress in civil rights is the co n cern of everyAmerican, not the int erest of an y on e groupo It believes, in Roy �-5- Wilkins• words, that "we are all tied together that the fut u ·r e f o r A m er ic a mu s t b e 11 and an int e g r at e d fut u r e ; a nation in which all men and women share equally in its burdens and its benefitso Its motto is still: "Cooperation in the Common Cause of Civil Rights for All" �LEADERSHIP CONFERENCE DN CIVIL RIGHTS I ROY WILKINS , Chairman ARNOLD ARONSON, Secretary JOSEPH L. RAUH, JR ., Counsel CLARENCE M. MITCHELL, Legislative Chairman MARVIN CAPLAN, Di rector Wa shington Office . ' J. FRANCIS POHLHAUS , Special Con su ltant ' 2027 Mass. Ave., N.W., Washington, D. C. 20036 phone 667-1780 TO: Participating Organizations FROM·: Arnold Aronson, Secretary YVONNE PRICE, Executive As sistant • New York address : 20 West 40th St ., New York 10018, phon e BRyant 9-1400 MEMO NO. 21-67 Oc tober 2 7, 1967 A SOCIAL SECURITY BILL THAT PUNISHES THE POOR What began as an attempt by Congress to modernize t he Social Security Act has, in the bill the House approved, resulted in several proposa l s that seem both backward and punitive. Some of the House proposals come close t o taking the long di s c re dite d view that the proper way to handle welfare is to insult the people who nee d it and try to push or scare them off the rolls. When Newburgh, New York, in 1962, proposed to cut off a ssis t ance t o recipients who refuse to take any jobs offered to them, it was exco r iate d t hroughout the nation for its medieval attitude. Yet the House-passed bill (H. R. 12080) has a provision that would authorize much that sort of treatm ent to depende nt . mothers and their children. When Louisiana sought to cut off-aid to mothers who gave birth to illegitimate children after going on r elief , the Department of Hea lt h, Edu ca t ion and Welfare ruled the plan invalid, Yet the House, by placing a cei li ng on aid to needy chil dren see ms to be t ryi ng, indirectly, to put i ts o wn limits on birt hs. The social security a mend m ents are now before the S enate and ii is h ere that we must concent rate our efforts for improvement s i n the 3 2-year-ol d s t a t ute that will make it responsive to the present needs of American society. A Loophole for Hos pitals In one o f our re ce n t MEMOs (No. 19 - 67 ~ Octob e r 9) , we s o un d e d th e a larm in regard to an a m endment that was not in the House - passed measure but was to be proposed as an addition to the bill during cu rrent conside r a tion of it by the Senat e "Cooperation in the Common Cause of Civ il Rights for All" �PARTICIPATING ORGANIZATIONS AFRICAN METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH NATIONAL CATHOLIC CONFERENCE FOR INTERRACIAL JUSTICE AFRICAN METHODIST EPISCOPAL ZION CHURCH NATIONAL CATHOLIC SOCIA L ACT ION CON FEREN CE NATIONAL COMMUNITY RE LAT IONS ADV ISORY CO U NC IL ALPHA KAPPA ALPHA SORORITY, INC. NATIONAL COUNCIL OF CATHOLIC MEN ALPHA PHI ALPHA FRATERNITY, INC. NATIONAL COUNC IL OF CATHOLIC WOMEN AMALGAMATED CLOTH ING WORKERS OF AMERICA AMALGAMATED MEAT CUTTERS & BUTCHER WORKMEN AMERICAN CIVIL LIBERTIES UNION NATIONAL COUNCIL OF CHURCHES-DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL JUSTICE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF JEWISH WOMEN NATIONAL COUNCIL OF NEGRO WOMEN AMERICAN ETHICAL UNION AMERICAN FEDERATION OF LABOR ORGANIZATIONS CONGRESS OF INDUSTRIAL NATIONAL COUNCIL OF PUERTO RICAN VOLUNTEERS, INC. NATIONAL COUNCIL OF SENIOR CITIZENS, INC. AMERICAN FEDERATION OF STATE COUNTY & MUNICIPAL EMPLOYEES NATIONAL DENTAL ASSOCIATION NATIONAL FARMERS UNION AMERICAN FEDERATION OF TEACHERS NATIONAL FEDERATION OF CATHOLIC COLLEGE STUDENTS AMERICA'\l JEWISH COMMITTEE NATIONAL FEDERATION OF SETTLEMENTS & NEIGHBORHOOD CENTERS AMERICAN JE#ISH CONGRESS NATIONAL FEDERATION OF TEMPLE SISTERHOODS AMERICAN NEWSPAPER GUILD NATIONAL JEWISH WELFARE BOARD AMERICAN VETERANS COMMITTEE NATIONAL MEDICAL ASSOCIATION AMERICANS FOR DEMOCRATIC ACTION NATIONAL NEWMAN STUDENT FEDERATION ANTI-DEFAMATION LEAGUE OF B'NAI B'R TH NATIONAL NEWSPAPER PUBLISHERS ASSOCIATION A. PHILIP RANDOLPH l"lSTITUTE NATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR MEXICAN-AMERICAN SERVICES BISHOP'S COMMITTEE FOR THE SPANISH SPEAKING NATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR WOMEN NATIONAL SHARECROPPERS FUND B'NAI B'RITH WOMEN NATIONAL URBAN LEAGUE BROTHERHOOD OF SLEEPING CAR PCRTERS NEGRO AMERICAN LABOR COUNCIL CHRISTIAN METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN - BRETHREN SERVICE COMMISSION PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL CHURCH-DIVISION OF CHRISTIAN OMEGA PSI PHI FRATERNITY, INC. CHURCH WOMEN UN TED PHI BETA SIGMA FRATERNITY, INC. FAIR PLAY CITIZENS LOBBY FOR FF PHI DELTA KAPPA SORORITY COLL EGL YCS NAT ONA PIONEER WOMEN, AMERICAN AFFAIRS CONGRESS OF RACIAL EQ PRESBYTERIAN INTERRACIAL COUNCIL DEL TA Sl(";MA THETA SORC11'TY EPISCOPAL SOCIETY FOR CV TURAL AND RAC Al FRANCS AN JIJRl<;D1CrlON O "l TV THE THIRD ORDE:R u• , T. FRANCIS C11L CHEMICAL & ATOMIC WORKERS INTERNATIONAL UNION CITIZENSHIP RETAIL WHOLESALE & DEPARTMENT STORE UNION FRO"HIERS INTERNATIONAL SOI., THERN BE.Au rv COl'..SRESS, INC 1-i DASSAH SOUTHERN ~HR ST Ml LEADERSHIP CO'ffrnEt.CE HOTEL ANO RESTAURANT EMPLOYEES ANO BAR~E DE.R; INTERNATIONAL U'IION TEXTILE WORKERS vN'ON OF AMERICA IM ROVED AfNEVOLENT & PROTECTIVE ORDER OF ELKS OF THE WORLD UNION OF AMERICAN HEBREW CONGREGATIONS INDUSTRI L UNIC'II DEPARTMEN r AFL CIO l'lTE "lAT'ONAL LAD[;:, GAR"'1EW WORKERc UNI N OF AMER CA l"ITE'R lAT ONAL U"ll0N OF ELECTRICAL RAC! IOTA l'H LAMBDA SORORITY, JAPA & MACHINE WORKERS TRANSPORT WORKERS UNION OF AMERICA UNITARIAN UNIVERSALIST ASSOCIATION -COMMISS & RACE NON RELIGIJN UNITARIAN UNIVERSALIST WOMEN'S FEDERATION UNITED AUTOMOBILE WORKERS OF AMERICA NC UNITED CHURCH OF CHRIST- COMMITTEE FOR RACIAL JUSTICE NOW AMERICAN CITIZENS LEAGUE UN'TED CHURCH OF CHRIST- COUNCIL FOR CHR 1 T A"l SOCIAL .I\CTION JEV., • H LAB R CC\o1MITTEE UNITED HEBREW TRADES JEWISH WAR VETERANS LABOR ZIONIST OR ,A'l1ZAT 10N OF A UNITED PACKINGHOUSE, FOOD & ALLIED WuRKERS ER CA LEA ,UL F-OR NDUSTRIAL DEMOCRACY UNITED PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH -COMMISSION ON RELIGIONS. RAU LUTf-!ERAN CHURCH 'N AMERICA--BOARD OF SOCIAL MINISTRY UNITED PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH - MED CAL C M'vilTTEE FOR HUMAN RIGHTS UNITED RUBBER WORKERS NATIO"lAL ALLIANCE OF POSTAL & FEDERAL EMPLOY ES UNITED STATES NATIONAL STUDENT ASSOCIA llON NATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF COLORED PEOPLE UNITED STATES Y UTH COUNC L OFF 1CE. OF CHURCH & SOCIETY NATIO"lAL ASSOC AT ON OF COLLEGE WOMEN UNITED STf"LWORKERS OF AMERICA NATI "lAL ASSOC AT ON OF COLORED WOMEN'S CLUBS INC. UNITED SYNAGOGUE OF AMERICA NATIONAL Ac;SOCIAT ON OF NEGRO BUSINESS & P'lOFESSIONAL /OMEN'S CLUBS, INC UNIVERSITY CHRISTIAN MOVEMENT NATIONAL A SOCIA TIC. N OF RFAL ESTATE BROKERS, I OF SOCIAL IC'Rl •l ·,•, LEl SON .' 11 0 1 ' ·C' 1:01'. Jc V, M LLER ,.rm, r•. A F C.J.P B f I. OP. Y ~- PARRI SH , 1, 'r St ,le Hw y Planning Enp,in,,,., T1 :lMt,, H ROBER TS f', •nnin 1 O,r . A R M.P.C I ( 1 0 1 T,
  • Tags: Box 9, Box 9 Folder 23, Folder topic: Civil Rights | 1966-1968
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 9, Folder 23, Document 1

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_009_023_001.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 9, Folder 23, Document 1
  • Text: - OMMUNITY RELATIONS COMMISSION 1!03 CITY HALL, ATLANTA GEORGIA 30303 Mayor Iva n Allen, Jr. City Hall �REPRINTED FROM THE LOS ANGELES TIMES, SUNDAY, JUtY 24, 1966 THE POOR'S ANGRY VOICESA WARNING AND A THERAPY JACK JONES / ) PROTEST-"Shouting at a public official . . . is a demonstration that the poor and minorities have ... power to challenge the 'big chief.'" Times drawing "The Negro built this nation; let's burn it to the ground!" thundered a delegate to a recent convention of the poor in Fontana. "We have found the only way to move the power structure," cried another, "is to tell them what will Times staff writer ] ones' s principal assignments are in the civil rights, welfare and poverty fields. happen if they don't meet our demands. The truth was proved in Watts." These cries of outrage, heard time and time again whenever the rebellious poor or less privileged gather, certa inly are discomfiting to members of an affluent society. They expose the latent distrust and hatred of the so-called "power structure"; they ring with undertones of terror and possible anarchy. But viewed with an awareness of other protest movements of history, they reflect the not abnormal outcry of a people suddenly offered a chance to vent their frustrations . Some of th e very people who have been the recent targets of vi tuperative attacks by the unsophisticated and uned ucated regard those outbursts as healthy. The Shriver Incident Sargent Shriver, who directs th e antipoverty war that has had much to do with releas ing th e angrv �
  • Tags: Box 9, Box 9 Folder 23, Folder topic: Civil Rights | 1966-1968
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 9, Folder 23, Document 4

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_009_023_004.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 9, Folder 23, Document 4
  • Text: REPRINTED FROM THE LOS ANGELES TIMES, SUNDAY, JULY 24, 1966 THE CHICAGO RIOTS \ llOLENCE WITI-IOUT A PLOT D. J. R. BRUCKNER Then, not that man do more, or stop pity; but that he be u;ider in living; that all his cities fly a clean flag . . . Poet Kenneth Patchen However, if a riot has any benefit, it lies in this, that it brilliantly illumi nates, for a moment, the logic of events: extreme violence tends to force the hands of people, and suddenly theoretical positions a nd legal principles all look quite different. What happened in Chicago is not very mysterious if one looks simply at it. Search for a Plot CHICAGO The worst aspect of a riot is that it causes an over-reaction in the community; the people panic. Revolutionaries have understood this since the ancient world and have sometimes used it to their own advantage. There are signs of serious over-reaction in Chicago to the riots that ripped up the W est Side from July 12 to July 15. Part of the panic is purely self-protective, of course. Political, economic and religious leaders of the community discovered in the midst of violence that they ha\·e less control than they would like, or indeed than they should have; and they found D. ]. R. Bruckner is chief of The Times news bureau in Chicago . they haYe less information than they need, to act. Civil rights leaders on the whole discovered much the same thing. A number of city officials and police officers, however, are responding to the demands of the white majority in the city, and are looking for a plot or conspiracy, whether it be one concocted by youth gangs or Communist-inspired groups, or by political hotheads. A lot of investigators are scurry ing around looking for this alleged plot, and, God help us, they may even find one. Any little old mangy plot, however crazy or ineffectual, will serve very well to salve the. conscience of the city. The fact is that the riot was aimless. There is an instructive comparison available to this city. Last month there was a considerable riot in the city's Puerto Rican community. Compared with the violence on the Negro West Side, the Puerto Ricans' riot was a model of order and purpose. Theirs was a violent demonstration against a breakdown of communication. There was a certain happiness about it at times, as when the crowds lifted a man who had been bitten by a police dog to their shoulders and paraded him through the streets as a hero. The Puerto Ricans are at least a community among themselves. After their riot their leaders attended public hearings and aired their grievances, and these were the same grievances one could hear any P uerto Rican on the streets talking about. Total U nhappiness What struck one about the riot among the Negroes was the total dissolution of a neighborhood of perhaps 350,000 people; the hatred not only against the white power structure, but against one another; the factions that battled against one another; the total unhappiness of it. This was not a happy riot, a nd even some of the boasting leaders of the teenage gangs admitted they were afraid. Afterwards, no one could fully define the grievances of the community. The riot was started by an altercation over the turning off of a fire hydrant. One's white neighbors who live out on the lakefront do not accept this explanation at all, but it is true. In the West Side ghetto a major riot can be caused by the turning of a wrench; no plot is n eeded and no reign of terror by gangs. Field workers from two city commissions working in the slums, others working for the YMCA, crusad- �ing pastors and some police all know that riots have almost broken out several times in recent weeks over mere rumors, the transfer of a fa vorite priest from his parish, or an arrest. This is not to minimize the organized aspect of the riot. There are gangs and they are a serious problem, and there are some revolutiona ry groups in the ghetto. But life in the ghetto is normally violent and brutal; it does not take much to set off a riot. The white man outside the ghetto can scarcely realize the power of a rumor on the West Side, for instance; his mind cannot take it in. He really does not know the life of the poor, Negro or white, or how suspicious that life is. At 3 a.m. July 14, in the mid st of the riot, a reporter was attacked by a large rat on a West Side street corner. Two teen-age Negro boys, returning, they said, from a riot fora y, beat off this beast with a baseball bat and a board, explaining they were happy enough to fight rats which are, on the whole, worse than w hite newsmen. Filled With Rats The slums are filled with rats ; rats are the manife st evidence of the inhumanity out there. They are eve ry wh ere, a long with the debris of demolished buildings, the dirt in the streets, the cheap bars. People grow up among the rats and li ve with them. Th e West Side is mostly the home of the Negro poor. In this it differs vastly from the South Side where perhaps 450,000 Negroes live ; many of them li\·e \\·ell , some live magnificently. On the West Side e\·en childhood has degenerated into gang warfare, extortion, intimidation, physical punishment a nd even occasional murder. Adult life is merely a n ex tens ion of thi s violen ce. In such conditions on e does not h a ve to explain riots by plots. May or Ri cha rd J . Daley, during th e riot, said there we re "outs iders" promoting the riot. Perhaps there w ere. But a ll those a r rested lived on the West Side a nd police di d not find the outs iders. Angry with Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., the mayor demanded to know from him "w hether other cities have no problems." P erhap s they ha ve, and Dr. King is indeed an outs id er. But last summ er th e mayor was face d with th e probl em of nuns staging a sit-in on the world 's bu siest intersection to protest the slum s, a nd they were not outs id ers. The may or's pouting is not dignified; it is childi sh. But it refl ects th e attitude of the white majority whi ch still elec ts him and w hi ch resents being jostl ed. In ra ce rela tions in thi s city, the bulk of the white peopl e treats th e mayor like a ser vant who is hired to br ibe th e minoriti es into civ ic order. Thus a riot produ ces a sudd en munificence from city hall, of hyd rant sprinklers a nd swimming pools a nd hou s ing projects. P e rvas ive Con ception Th is con ception of the may or's offi ce is so per\·asi \·e that even many Negroes h ave come to beli eve it, a n d t he lead in g Negro politicians, w ho a re pa rt of Da ley's De mocratic Pa rty machi ne , act ua lly enfo rce it . But the g ifts of city h all hide th e bas ic p ro blem about the l'\egro ghetto. The pr oblem is th a t most of th e peop le in t he gh etto simp ly do not sh are in any \\·ay in the life of t h e ci ty . Their ali en a tion is an eno r mous spir itu al wa ll built u p of uncountable and ancient indignities; it is the wall of the city. The problem is to break down the wall. Dr. King, when he opened his civil rights drive here two days before hell broke loose, thought he had at least part of the machinery to break down the wall. But the riot, which illuminated society's flaws, also illuminated some serious weaknesses in Dr. King and his approach. The first thing that became evident was that in Chicago Dr. King, the patron saint of non-violence, was leading a collection of local civil rights groups whose leaders include a few pretty violent people. This problem results from a structural weakness in the King method. Dr. King's Southern Christian Leadership Conference suffers from a lack of troops and thus it is plagued by indiscriminate recruitment when it enters a city. In a big city like Chicago, where there are 900,000 Negroes and only a percentage of these favor Dr. King, the flaw can be fatal. Little Influence Dr. King very quickly discovered he had little influ ence in the West Side community. When he walked the streets on the first night of riot pleading for non-violence some young Negroes laughed at him . When his aides showed films this past spring of the Watts riots to illustrate the danger of violence, some youths applauded. Youth gang leaders who met with Dr. King as the riots subsided on the night of July 15 said they might turn to nonviolence and again they might not. Some of these gang leaders told a reporter they had met several times with SCLC officials long before the riots, but Dr. King had no program for them , so the youths gave up on him. One of them called him a "hit-and-run m essiah. " His prestige suffered enormously in the Chicago riots. The Sunday before the uproar started, he had stood in Soldier Field and debated non-violence as against "black power " with none other than Floy d McKissick of the Congress of Racial Equality, the preach er oi black power. The riot cooled that philosophical a rgument permanently, on e gathers. For th e riot has turned not onl y the whites aga inst Dr. King, but the Negro power structure as well; and his ci vil rights movement he re is in immedi a te dan ger of passing into th e hands of the old-time politicians. Dr. King finds himself in the position of either becoming the high priest of all the poor and only the poor, or getting out, quickly. In either case, he has been pus hed-violently if y ou will-in the direction of the McKissick position, th a t Negro rights must inv olve Negro political power. Further, no matte r how much Dr. King protests that hi s Chicago drive is not partisan a nd not v iolent, the riot exposed clearly tha t many of the people around him are ve ry pa rti sa n a nd a few a re v iol ent. Violen t and Non-Violent One of his top ai des, t he Rev. J a mes Bevel, told alm ost 50,000 people at the J u ly 10 ra lly tha t "we wa n t the violent and the n on-violent to join w ith us." Tha t seems pretty straigh tforward . Among the pe rsons a tten d ing a con fere n ce with the mayor th e clay before the r iots started was Ch ester Rob inson of th e West Side Organi zati on , · a loca l civ il r ights grou p. R obi nson is n ot person ally a v iolent man, but hi s h ead qu a rters h as becom e a con venient gath ering �voices by financing community action programs seeking to involve the poor in the solution of their own difficulties, was shouted down in April w h en he attempted to address a conference called by the Citizens Crusade Against Poverty . At the time, he said a ha ndful of "professional demonstrators" were tryin g to make trouble. His attitude now, at least for publication, is that su ch confrontations are a positive thing. "It's time," h e says, "that the poor speak up for their n eeds." · Joe P . Maldonado, executive director of th e county's antipoverty vehicle, the Economic and Youth Opportunities Agen cy, who also has been subjected to insulting personal abuse, shares this opinion in essence. Governmental Confusion Infuriated by governmental confusion a n d political machinations which seem to dull the promise of antipoverty programs, the poor s trike out at anybody w ho represents the "powe r structure." Their more vocal m embers appear dete rmined to take over and make changes th emselves. Speaki ng of certain manifestations of the so-called revolt of the poor, J ames E. Ludlam, president of the Welfare Planni ng Council, a trad itional agency, told anti poverty board m embers that a vocal minority "grounded in militancy a nd confl ict" was trying to capture control of antipoverty programs. He said t h ese militan t elements are given to threats of violence, disru ption of meetin gs and " infiltration a nd subversion of staff decisions." Bu t the Rev. Wi lliam Hervey, director of the Department of Metropolitan Mi ssion for the Los Angeles Presbytery, responds th a t militancy is n ecessary in the fight aga inst "man 's mos t dehuma nizin g enemy-poverty." Old weapons cannot be used to fight a n ew war, argues Mr. Hervey, referring to the traditional welfare agencies. He agrees that many of those castigated by Ludlam are "grounded in militancy and involved in conflict ," but h e could not agree that their actions were totally n egat ive. One of the intriguing prospects in all this is that some of today's revolutionists, like others of history, w ill become part of the " power structure" themselves once they gain control. Then, presumably, they will regard t h emselves as " responsible" a nd will find themselves facing the fury of n ew revolutionaries. One man w ho believes the often-irresponsible accusations by the poor a re a n ecessary part of progress is Dr. J. A lfred Cannon , a UCL A neuropsychiatrist who works w ith a group ca lled P eople in Community Action. Dr. Cannon, a Negro, says, "Anytime you h ave a group of people who are relative strangers, on e way they have of testing each other might be through initial demands or angry confrontations. It's a way of finding out how genuine the other person is. "Often this kind of confrontation . . . paves th e way for more constructive, gentle exchanges. "Shouting at a public official ... is a demonstration that the poor a n d minorities have the strength and power to be able to challenge th e 'big chief.' This is very important, because they can see their effectiveness in some kind of action. It leads to a sense of worthwhileness and adequacy ... and a potency which the poor generally don't h ave." 'Feeling of Participation' This is the beginning, says Dr. Cannon, "of the poor man's _feeling of participation in his own destiny, a very importa nt strut in his h ealth." Bitterness over the fa ilure of the war on poverty to deliver immediate results, a nd disillusionment over the administration of welfare programs have ti:iggered a statewide-even a nationwide-effort by th e poor to organize. With the backing of the Univers ity of California Extension , the Sears Foundation, and two privately organized advisory agencies-the California Foundation for Economic Opportunity a nd the California Center for Community Development-a first California Convention of the Poor was held in Oakland in F ebruary. This led to the June con vention in Fonta na, attended by representati ves of slum tenant councils, welfa re recipien t groups and community action movements around the state. Out of t he Fontana con vention , Dr. Jacobus tenBroeck, a UC pol itical science professor and former chairma n of the State Social Welfa re Board, emerged w ith the task of g iving some organi zational sophistica tion to the more tha n 20 W elfare Rights Organizations w hich a re loosely joined in thi s movement. A convention is planned this fall to develop a legislati ve program, clearly aimed at mounting a lobby for cha nges in welfare and other laws affectin g the poor. Welfare Recipients Rema rkably, in view of widespread conviction among the gene ra l pu blic that most w elfare recipients wou ldn't work if th ey cou ld, some of the loudes t protests in recent W elfare R ights Organiza tion de monstrations were that the present system " makes it imposs ible for us to work our way off we lfare." " If you don't h ave poor people in on the soluti ons," says Dr. TenBroeck, "you misgauge w ha t the problems a nd their attitudes are. "They flai l, they shout, they a re quite unreason a b le," con cedes Dr. Ten Broeck. "Thi s is therapy a nd steam-valving. Unless you prov ide some way to let off their futility, we're s itting on a lid we ought not to s it on- as y ou see in W a tts. "It's not a matter of wh ether we enjoy it-bu t w h e the r we're going to make it possible for those wh o a re deprived t o cease to be dep r ived. "They want the rest of us to slide into the back ground as t hey get on their feet a nd get organ ized . And t hat's th e way it sh ould be." �
  • Tags: Box 9, Box 9 Folder 23, Folder topic: Civil Rights | 1966-1968
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 9, Folder 23, Document 10

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  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 9, Folder 23, Document 10
  • Text: LEADERSHIP CONFERENCE DN CIVIL RIGHTS I ROY WILKINS , Chairman ARNOLD ARONSON, Secretary JOSEPH L. RAUH, JR ., Counsel CLARENCE M. MITCHELL, Legislative Chairman MARVIN CAPLAN, Di rector Wa shington Office . ' J. FRANCIS POHLHAUS , Special Con su ltant ' 2027 Mass. Ave., N.W., Washington, D. C. 20036 phone 667-1780 TO: Participating Organizations FROM·: Arnold Aronson, Secretary YVONNE PRICE, Executive As sistant • New York address : 20 West 40th St ., New York 10018, phon e BRyant 9-1400 MEMO NO. 21-67 Oc tober 2 7, 1967 A SOCIAL SECURITY BILL THAT PUNISHES THE POOR What began as an attempt by Congress to modernize t he Social Security Act has, in the bill the House approved, resulted in several proposa l s that seem both backward and punitive. Some of the House proposals come close t o taking the long di s c re dite d view that the proper way to handle welfare is to insult the people who nee d it and try to push or scare them off the rolls. When Newburgh, New York, in 1962, proposed to cut off a ssis t ance t o recipients who refuse to take any jobs offered to them, it was exco r iate d t hroughout the nation for its medieval attitude. Yet the House-passed bill (H. R. 12080) has a provision that would authorize much that sort of treatm ent to depende nt . mothers and their children. When Louisiana sought to cut off-aid to mothers who gave birth to illegitimate children after going on r elief , the Department of Hea lt h, Edu ca t ion and Welfare ruled the plan invalid, Yet the House, by placing a cei li ng on aid to needy chil dren see ms to be t ryi ng, indirectly, to put i ts o wn limits on birt hs. The social security a mend m ents are now before the S enate and ii is h ere that we must concent rate our efforts for improvement s i n the 3 2-year-ol d s t a t ute that will make it responsive to the present needs of American society. A Loophole for Hos pitals In one o f our re ce n t MEMOs (No. 19 - 67 ~ Octob e r 9) , we s o un d e d th e a larm in regard to an a m endment that was not in the House - passed measure but was to be proposed as an addition to the bill during cu rrent conside r a tion of it by the Senat e "Cooperation in the Common Cause of Civ il Rights for All" �PARTICIPATING ORGANIZATIONS AFRICAN METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH NATIONAL CATHOLIC CONFERENCE FOR INTERRACIAL JUSTICE AFRICAN METHODIST EPISCOPAL ZION CHURCH NATIONAL CATHOLIC SOCIA L ACT ION CON FEREN CE NATIONAL COMMUNITY RE LAT IONS ADV ISORY CO U NC IL ALPHA KAPPA ALPHA SORORITY, INC. NATIONAL COUNCIL OF CATHOLIC MEN ALPHA PHI ALPHA FRATERNITY, INC. NATIONAL COUNC IL OF CATHOLIC WOMEN AMALGAMATED CLOTH ING WORKERS OF AMERICA AMALGAMATED MEAT CUTTERS & BUTCHER WORKMEN AMERICAN CIVIL LIBERTIES UNION NATIONAL COUNCIL OF CHURCHES-DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL JUSTICE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF JEWISH WOMEN NATIONAL COUNCIL OF NEGRO WOMEN AMERICAN ETHICAL UNION AMERICAN FEDERATION OF LABOR ORGANIZATIONS CONGRESS OF INDUSTRIAL NATIONAL COUNCIL OF PUERTO RICAN VOLUNTEERS, INC. NATIONAL COUNCIL OF SENIOR CITIZENS, INC. AMERICAN FEDERATION OF STATE COUNTY & MUNICIPAL EMPLOYEES NATIONAL DENTAL ASSOCIATION NATIONAL FARMERS UNION AMERICAN FEDERATION OF TEACHERS NATIONAL FEDERATION OF CATHOLIC COLLEGE STUDENTS AMERICA'\l JEWISH COMMITTEE NATIONAL FEDERATION OF SETTLEMENTS & NEIGHBORHOOD CENTERS AMERICAN JE#ISH CONGRESS NATIONAL FEDERATION OF TEMPLE SISTERHOODS AMERICAN NEWSPAPER GUILD NATIONAL JEWISH WELFARE BOARD AMERICAN VETERANS COMMITTEE NATIONAL MEDICAL ASSOCIATION AMERICANS FOR DEMOCRATIC ACTION NATIONAL NEWMAN STUDENT FEDERATION ANTI-DEFAMATION LEAGUE OF B'NAI B'R TH NATIONAL NEWSPAPER PUBLISHERS ASSOCIATION A. PHILIP RANDOLPH l"lSTITUTE NATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR MEXICAN-AMERICAN SERVICES BISHOP'S COMMITTEE FOR THE SPANISH SPEAKING NATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR WOMEN NATIONAL SHARECROPPERS FUND B'NAI B'RITH WOMEN NATIONAL URBAN LEAGUE BROTHERHOOD OF SLEEPING CAR PCRTERS NEGRO AMERICAN LABOR COUNCIL CHRISTIAN METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN - BRETHREN SERVICE COMMISSION PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL CHURCH-DIVISION OF CHRISTIAN OMEGA PSI PHI FRATERNITY, INC. CHURCH WOMEN UN TED PHI BETA SIGMA FRATERNITY, INC. FAIR PLAY CITIZENS LOBBY FOR FF PHI DELTA KAPPA SORORITY COLL EGL YCS NAT ONA PIONEER WOMEN, AMERICAN AFFAIRS CONGRESS OF RACIAL EQ PRESBYTERIAN INTERRACIAL COUNCIL DEL TA Sl(";MA THETA SORC11'TY EPISCOPAL SOCIETY FOR CV TURAL AND RAC Al FRANCS AN JIJRl<;D1CrlON O "l TV THE THIRD ORDE:R u• , T. FRANCIS C11L CHEMICAL & ATOMIC WORKERS INTERNATIONAL UNION CITIZENSHIP RETAIL WHOLESALE & DEPARTMENT STORE UNION FRO"HIERS INTERNATIONAL SOI., THERN BE.Au rv COl'..SRESS, INC 1-i DASSAH SOUTHERN ~HR ST Ml LEADERSHIP CO'ffrnEt.CE HOTEL ANO RESTAURANT EMPLOYEES ANO BAR~E DE.R; INTERNATIONAL U'IION TEXTILE WORKERS vN'ON OF AMERICA IM ROVED AfNEVOLENT & PROTECTIVE ORDER OF ELKS OF THE WORLD UNION OF AMERICAN HEBREW CONGREGATIONS INDUSTRI L UNIC'II DEPARTMEN r AFL CIO l'lTE "lAT'ONAL LAD[;:, GAR"'1EW WORKERc UNI N OF AMER CA l"ITE'R lAT ONAL U"ll0N OF ELECTRICAL RAC! IOTA l'H LAMBDA SORORITY, JAPA & MACHINE WORKERS TRANSPORT WORKERS UNION OF AMERICA UNITARIAN UNIVERSALIST ASSOCIATION -COMMISS & RACE NON RELIGIJN UNITARIAN UNIVERSALIST WOMEN'S FEDERATION UNITED AUTOMOBILE WORKERS OF AMERICA NC UNITED CHURCH OF CHRIST- COMMITTEE FOR RACIAL JUSTICE NOW AMERICAN CITIZENS LEAGUE UN'TED CHURCH OF CHRIST- COUNCIL FOR CHR 1 T A"l SOCIAL .I\CTION JEV., • H LAB R CC\o1MITTEE UNITED HEBREW TRADES JEWISH WAR VETERANS LABOR ZIONIST OR ,A'l1ZAT 10N OF A UNITED PACKINGHOUSE, FOOD & ALLIED WuRKERS ER CA LEA ,UL F-OR NDUSTRIAL DEMOCRACY UNITED PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH -COMMISSION ON RELIGIONS. RAU LUTf-!ERAN CHURCH 'N AMERICA--BOARD OF SOCIAL MINISTRY UNITED PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH - MED CAL C M'vilTTEE FOR HUMAN RIGHTS UNITED RUBBER WORKERS NATIO"lAL ALLIANCE OF POSTAL & FEDERAL EMPLOY ES UNITED STATES NATIONAL STUDENT ASSOCIA llON NATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF COLORED PEOPLE UNITED STATES Y UTH COUNC L OFF 1CE. OF CHURCH & SOCIETY NATIO"lAL ASSOC AT ON OF COLLEGE WOMEN UNITED STf"LWORKERS OF AMERICA NATI "lAL ASSOC AT ON OF COLORED WOMEN'S CLUBS INC. UNITED SYNAGOGUE OF AMERICA NATIONAL Ac;SOCIAT ON OF NEGRO BUSINESS & P'lOFESSIONAL /OMEN'S CLUBS, INC UNIVERSITY CHRISTIAN MOVEMENT NATIONAL A SOCIA TIC. N OF RFAL ESTATE BROKERS, I OF SOCIAL IC'Rl
  • Tags: Box 9, Box 9 Folder 23, Folder topic: Civil Rights | 1966-1968
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 9, Folder 23, Document 17

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_009_023_017.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 9, Folder 23, Document 17
  • Text: September 16 , 1966 Mr . Charles A . Fitzgerald, President Tucker M i dget Football Conference , Inc. P . 0 . Box 67 Tucker, Georgia Dear Mr . Fitzgerald: I was very pleased to learn of the p l ans you and Ral ph Long are making for a football game at Wesley Avenue . I am familiar with the fine work of Mr. Long and Aaron Watson . Probably the main reason we have not had any racial disturbances in J:nat neighborhood is because of the positive program of parti cipation th t these two men carry out in their community. I see no problems at all with your bringing a team into the Wesley area and I would endorse such a commendable attempt to develop friendship between the races in this manner. Mr . Dan Sweat, my assistant, has worked with Mr . Long and Mr . Wat on on other projects and I am sure he would be happy to work with you if there is anything my office can do to help make thi project a success . I am sure that Mr . Swe twill be interested from another standpoint since he lives in your conununity and has a son playing on the Smoke Rise team. You m y call him at 522-4463, Ext. 280. His home number is 938-0197. Congr tulations and good luck with your fine progr m. Sine rely yours, Ivan Allen, Jr. Mayor IAJr:fy �
  • Tags: Box 9, Box 9 Folder 23, Folder topic: Civil Rights | 1966-1968
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 9, Folder 23, Document 20

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_009_023_020.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 9, Folder 23, Document 20
  • Text: ---!~ CITY OF AT LANT A llR -..J.. l ,.,.J I' CITY HALL• 68 M IT_CH ELL STRE E T , S. W . • ATL.I\NTA, GEO RCilA 30303 • August 10, 1966 !•· tir, ,\LLEN, JR. ', • 11·,1r, C,t y al Atlan t,1 PLA NNING AND DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE BOARD OF ALDERMEN P,JDNEY M COOK, C."'airm in E GRESORY GRIGGS, ,1·c Cl 1irm an R •l ·,•, LEl SON .' 11 0 1 ' ·C' 1:01'. Jc V, M LLER ,.rm, r•. A F C.J.P B f I. OP. Y ~- PARRI SH , 1, 'r St ,le Hw y Planning Enp,in,,,., T1 :lMt,, H ROBER TS f', •nnin 1 O,r . A R M.P.C I ( 1 0 1 T,
  • Tags: Box 9, Box 9 Folder 23, Folder topic: Civil Rights | 1966-1968
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 9, Folder 23, Document 24

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  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 9, Folder 23, Document 24
  • Text: VIOLENCE IS NOT THE WAY • • . Atlanta Branch NAACP The events occurring in our city a few nights ago when a few people interfered with an officer of the law in the routine execution of his duty has caused some alarm and deep concern on our part as citizens in this community who take seriously our responsibility as citizens. No one can honestly deny the facts of history -- facts which show that Negro people have been and still are victims of injustices and wrongs. We are just as determined as any to work continuously and with vigor to eliminate any and all injustice in this city. We do not believe , however , that one wrong can be made right by committing another wrong. violence no The way of matter by whom perpetuated is wrong and it creates more problems tha n it solves. i nnocent children. by any people. Worst of all , violence a lways victimi z e s the This course i s not wise and should not be follow ed There i s a w ay to protes t. in our Constitution. The frame w ork i s set out All people should w o rk t o s ee: 1. That it is preserved and honor ed. 2. That all who live under it, live~ it. V i olence or inciting t o riot does neither of these. As citizens who live he re and who are determined t o make Atlanta a more just city we pledge our support of law and o rder. We call for wisdom and calmness on the part of all • • • the police and the people alike. Level heads , pure hearts when joined in a common purposeD remove fear and release untapped energies for good. Atlant~D t hough imperfect, is too good to �NAACP Statement Page 2 be destroyed by rashness no matter from what quarter. Those who are engaged in the struggle for human injustice anywhere in this nation must have friends. No man, no nation, no group of people can go it alone •. Cooperation is the way to achieve righteous goals. �
  • Tags: Box 9, Box 9 Folder 23, Folder topic: Civil Rights | 1966-1968
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 9, Folder 23, Document 28

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  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 9, Folder 23, Document 28
  • Text: Atlanta, Geor · August lS, 19 7 -• ·z Paschall ccutive. Dir .ctor Co ni y olati 120'.3 Ci :, Rall tlanta, D C 3030.3 r nt 1n co!WUI\... ...,. !feral re t. e. �Page 2 0£ looking ou.t for t he so-called pros . I . mve another question. Will E.O. A. p pro r, that till that all put ney in the poor citi.zetis pocket$? I y ve to rely u n "The e .ho 11 a • I hairi m 'li.th the e E. O. A. chosen i'e-v for so ~ ns 'W'ltil I sick. For each ose the i dentical f e •t a.re notified, and call t.o meot a.rd decide f or the co..w""'....Us118J.ly the deel.sion is . _eady de; he c to ru t l ~,..,,,....,.l_..y approval to it. it•a good or b , it is never discuss .isf ctol'Uy'. T 1at is another· r so I am no · so eager to continue to deceive m.y-s my n, · bo.rhood, and in:,- f rie s . Unlike ral. o-. · __ of gettin results. · hi.ir, I y not :return, unless I s • t �
  • Tags: Box 9, Box 9 Folder 23, Folder topic: Civil Rights | 1966-1968
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 9, Folder 23, Document 11

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  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 9, Folder 23, Document 11
  • Text: A T LANTA L IFE I N S URAN C E CO MPAN Y P OST OFFICE BOX B97 ATLANTA , GEORGIA 303 01 JESSE HILL. JR . May 17, 1967 ACTUARY Honorable Ivan Allen, Jr., Mayor City of Atlanta City Hall Atlanta, Georgia Dear Mayor Allen: Thank you very much for your cooperation and consideration during the conference last week in your office with Summit representatives. Please send us a written statement of your follow-up action on outlined specifics as indicated in our discussions. · Please request for us from Mr. Elrod and Mr. Sutherland a list of all job positions of the newly built and the original City Auditorium facilities, describing the respective job qualifications, duties and salary classifications in each. There is considerable unhappiness in the Negro community concerning the Model Cities Proposal, and the operation of Public Housing and Urban Renewal by the Atlanta Housing Authority. At this hour there is serious consideration of a delegation going to Washington to confer with Secretary Robert Weaver as a protest of what is considered bias, discrimination and violations of the 1964 Civil Rights Act. In your written statement of reaction, please specify among other things what steps you have taken to implement changes or amendments in Model Cities Proposal as agreed to include Negroes on the Executive Board, and other complaints including the exclusion of Negro organi2ations in the Proposal. \.•. ·/ - -.-..... �---~ - - Mayor Ivan Allen, Jr. City Hall Page 2 May 17, 1967 We also request a statement from the Personnel Department on the status of Mr. Sterrs Johnson's application for employment in Civil Defense. Mr. Johnson has pursued employment in this Department for several years without success. We are informed that he has passed the required test, at one time we were told that he did not pass the test. Very truly yours, ATLANTA SUMMIT LEADERSHIP CONFERENCE Je se Hill, Jr., Co-Chairman Rev. S. W. Williams, Co-Chairman Alderman Q. V. Williamson, Co-Chairman -i ' .•. ·I t ~ -----· ·- __-··· __ ·-----·.. - ----_. ·- .l �
  • Tags: Box 9, Box 9 Folder 23, Folder topic: Civil Rights | 1966-1968
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 9, Folder 23, Document 12

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_009_023_012.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 9, Folder 23, Document 12
  • Text: May 26, 1967 MEMORANDUM Mr. Theodore Edward Smith visited the Mayor's Office on Friday, May 26th. He advised me that he represented the U. S. District Attorney and was stationed in Atlanta for the purp9se of keeping the U. S. Attorney General advised as to any threats of racial disturbances. Mr. Smith requested that he be notified of any such threats. He can be contacted as follows: Business: Room 401, Old Post Office Building, U. S. District Attorney's Office Telephone: 525-2072 Residence: 636 Fair Street, Apartment #C-21 Telephone: 524-8301 R. Earl Landers �
  • Tags: Box 9, Box 9 Folder 23, Folder topic: Civil Rights | 1966-1968
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 9, Folder 23, Document 13

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_009_023_013.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 9, Folder 23, Document 13
  • Text: ! OFFICE OF TiiE MAYOR Tel: JOH N V, LINDSAY 566-5090 CITY HALL NEW YORK CITY 211-68 Immediate Rel eas e (Tue sday, Jun e 18, 19 68 ) Mayor Joh n V. Linds ay and Ma yor Car l Stoke s of Cleveland have agreed to serve as c6-chai rmen of a mayo rs 1 commi tt e e in suppo r t of th e Poor People 's Solidari ty Day March in Wash in gton tomorr ow (Wed nesday , Jun e 19). Mayor Lindsay and Mayor Stokes released th e f o l lowing stateme nt fro m t heir offices today: "Tomorrow, June 1 9th, thousand s o f peop l e from acro ss this count ry will gathe r in Washington , D. C . to particip ate in th e Poor People's Sol id arity Day Mar ch. "They wi ll march , in peace , for the right of each c i ti zen to be dec e ntl y fed , clothed and housed . "They wi ll march , in peace , for th e ri gh t o f every citizen to work a full week and enjoy the fruits o f their l abor . "1'hey wi ll march, in peace , for the right of every citi ze n to live wi t hout fe a r and to be judged without p r ejudic8 . " Th ey will march, in pec1c2 , fo r the ho pes o f us all .... fo r that day when we will agai n be on e Nation . "We, the und ersigned Mayo r s , feel it only fitting and proper that we publ ic ly p rocla im our c ommitment to the goals of those who mar ch tomorrow. "Nowhere is the viol en c e, poverty and division agains t which th ey fight more deeply felt than in our great cit ies . In th is sense, ~h eir caus e is o ur s and we must su pport them. " Hugh J. Addonizio , ~ayor , Newark , N .J . ; Jo seph M. Al i oto, Mayor, San Francisco, Calif.; Ivan All en ,Jr . , Mayor, At lant a , Ga., Joseph M. Barr, Mayor , Pitts burgh , Pa. ; Thomas P. Byrne , Mayor , St. Paul, Min n. J prnme P. Cavanagh, Mayor, Detroi~ . Mi c h . ; A. J. Cervantes , May or, St. Lou i s, Mo. ; J ames N. Co rbet t, Jr., Tucson, Ariz. ; Thomas G. Currigan , Mayo r , Den ver , Colo.; Thomas D 1 Alesandro , Mayor , Balt imore , Md . Bruno Gi o r danoi Mayor, St amfo r d, Co nn .; Milton H. Grah am , Mayor , Phoe nix , Ariz. ; Richard G. Hatcher , Mayor , Gary , In d . ; John V . Linds ay , Mayor , New Yo r k , N.Y .; Henry W. Mai e r, Milwa uke e , Wisc. . . Arthu r Nafta lin, Mayor , Mirlneapolis , Min n. ; Fr a nk A. Sedi ta, Bu ffa lo, N.Y. ; Ca r l B. Stokes , May o r , Cl eve land, Oho ; Anton in a P . Ucc el lo, Mayor , Hartford, Conn. ; Wa lter E. Washington , Ma yor , Dist r ict of Columbia ; Ke vi n H. White , Mayor , Boston, Mass. ; Sam ue l W. Yo r y , Mayor , Los Angeles , Cali f. (' �
  • Tags: Box 9, Box 9 Folder 23, Folder topic: Civil Rights | 1966-1968
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 9, Folder 23, Document 15

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_009_023_015.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 9, Folder 23, Document 15
  • Text: THE VICE PRESIDENT WAS HIN G T O N September 2, 1966 Dear Mayor : I am pleased to send you a copy of the Report of the White House Conference "To Fulfill These Rights." This report is a product of more than one year of intensive study by hundreds of individuals and organizations from all walks of life who responded to President Johnson's call for a White House Conference to help formulate specific steps to help the Negro American move "beyond opportunity to achievement." The report was recently presented to the President by the Honorary Chairman of the Conference, Mr. A. Philip Randolph, International President of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, and the Chairman of the Conference, Mr. Ben W. Heineman , Chairman of the Chicago and Northwestern Railway Company. The 29 member Council to the Conference and the 2500 delegates stressed the formulation of action recommendations in four specific areas : 1. Ec onomic security and welfare; 2. Education; 3. Housing; and 4. Administration of Justice. President Johnson has announced that all Federal departments and agencies will evaluate these proposals most carefully and submit to him specific recommendations for carrying forward the Administration's commitment of promoting equal rights and equal opportunity for every American. You will note, however, that much of the responsibility for implementing these recommendations also rests with our states and local communities. This is as it should be -- meaningful, visible change in the lives of people cannot take place in any other manner. �-2- I, therefore, urge your careful analysis and study of this report. Many of the recommendations will hopefully be relevant to problems you may face in your community. If you have questions about any portion of the report or its recommendations, please feel free to seek from me additional clarification or assistance. And I am especially hopeful that you will from time to time let me know what steps you may be taking in achieving the objectives discussed in the report. As stated by the President, we are seeking "not just equality as a right and a theory, but equality as a fact and a result." I believe this report is a historic blue-print for action to help our nation achieve this goal. Best wishes. Sincerely, Hubert H. Humphrey Honorable Ivan Allen, J r. Mayor City Hall Atlanta 3, Georgia �
  • Tags: Box 9, Box 9 Folder 23, Folder topic: Civil Rights | 1966-1968
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 9, Folder 23, Document 18

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_009_023_018.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 9, Folder 23, Document 18
  • Text: TUCIIBR MIDGET FOOTBALL CONFERENCE, INC. P. 0. BOX 67 • TUCKER, GA. • TELEPHONE 938-4888 "Bringing the Wonderful World of Football to Boys and Girls" Board of Directors League Teams CHARLES FITZGERALD EMMETT MIZE Lions Smoke Rise ldlewood Tucker Park Briarlake Midvale Rehobeth Baptist Warren FRANK FINDLEY Officers CHARLES FITZGERALD, President EMMETT MIZE, Athletic Director FRANK FINDLEY, Secretary-Treasurer Girls' Activities Boys' Activities JEANNETT DOSTER, EMMETT MIZE DOUG STOWERS OTIS HOLMES CHARLES KING BOB HENDRIX GuYWARREN BILL HICKSON JIM BRIDGES 938-4387 938-8441 938-3768 938-3450 938-2510 938-7479 443-6000 938-0089 MACKY WATERS, SUE BALL, SHIRLEY TOWNLEY, Fund Raising September 12, 1966 The Honorable Ivan Allen Mayor of the City of Atlanta City Hall Atlanta, Georgia Dear Mayor Allen: This letter is written to aquaint you with a worth while project for negro boys in the city of Atlanta. Since January, Mr.Ralph Long, Principal of Wesley School, Mr. Aaron Watson, Athletic Director of Wesley, and myself have been meeting making plans for a football program for boys 8 thru 13 year of age living in the various communities of Atlanta. King & Spalding Company, has incorporated our group under the name "Youth Sports Activities of Atlanta, Incorporated 11 , as you can see on the attached blank letterhe ad. In meeting with Mr. Long and Mr. Watson and others they have brought in, I have been impressed by their desire to do for their young people even though it means taking much of their spare time . I believe in f ootball as a builde r of character and believe what these me n are doing is v ery wor th while . My group in Tucker is also engaged in similar work with our youth and hav e eleven year s e x p e rience at it . This fall ou'r t wo groups a re t r y ing to a rr a nge some way to b r ing our two t e ams together in a gester o f friends h ip. Our t hought i s t o _ start out wi th a game i n t h e Wes l ey area , with u s bringing o ur group i n a b u s . We want to pro vide a b r i dge , s mall in the beg inning , f o r a better und e rstan d i ng between our young people . I know of n o b e tter way than a thle t ics . Conti nued • . • • • �The Honorable Ivan Allen Since this would mean bringing 33 white boys into the Wesley area, we want to make sure we go about this in the right way. I would appreciate your thoughts on this. Perhaps you could come and speak to the two groups before the game, right at the field. I truly believe this is a milestone in good relations between races but, as I said, don't want to make a mistake as we start out. If y ou think it advisable we can come down to your office and discuss this. At any rate I will appreciate your suggestions and comments. Very truly yours, T~~Cc ~ OOTBALL CONFERENCE , Charles-~? ~ President CAF : ns cc; Mr . Ralph Long Mr . Aaron Watson Mr . Emmett Mize �
  • Tags: Box 9, Box 9 Folder 23, Folder topic: Civil Rights | 1966-1968
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 9, Folder 23, Document 22

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_009_023_022.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 9, Folder 23, Document 22
  • Text: Total nU1'ber in oftioe - - - - - - - - - • l'rofocsion~l _______Pooi tione Total nUJ11ber ot Negroea in office ____ s professional _ _ _ _ _ _.cpouitiona f.wnber of .~osroos in supervisory poa1 tions - - - - - - - · Salary r anee of white e~ploy0en _____ to_____ Salary r nngo of Negro e:.iploygo11J _ _ _ _ _to____,_ __ Ar o you now r 0cruiting for a.ny jobs? Row have you tried to r oaruit Nogro applioants?· Numb0r o.r whi tea on policy workine Board _____Exec. Comu. the'-----· Niw:ber L or ~e~room on policy ·vorkin& Board _____Exoo. Committee_____• �
  • Tags: Box 9, Box 9 Folder 23, Folder topic: Civil Rights | 1966-1968
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 9, Folder 23, Document 26

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_009_023_026.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 9, Folder 23, Document 26
  • Text: CITY O F A T LAN TA DEPARTMENT of POLICE Atlanta 3, Georgia J une 6 , 1966 HERBERT T . JENKINS Ch i ef Mr. Dan E . sweat , Jr. Ma.yor ' s Office City Hall Atlant a , Georgi a Dear Dan : Attached hereto i s my f ile f r an the Whi te House Conference that I attended. I at tended all of the neetings and the Planning Sessi on l ast f all and the regular sessi on l ast week. Presi dent Johnson , Vioe Presi dent Humphrey , and Attorney General Kat zenbach made it abundantly clear at both neetings that the Johnsen Administration was ccmnitted and dedicated in not only giving the A'Uerican Negro all the rights and privileges of f i rst cl ass citizenship , but t o also give them eve:ry possibl e assistanoe in obtaining these rights . '!here were only a few hundred people attending the planning sessi on , but about 2500 attended the general session last week. It was a very infonnative and interesting rceeting as well as a ve:ry interested group of individuals, as you can tell by the attadled file . Please retum the file when you have fci.nished with it. Sincerely yours, HTJ:gp attach Chief of Polled �
  • Tags: Box 9, Box 9 Folder 23, Folder topic: Civil Rights | 1966-1968
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 9, Folder 23, Document 3

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_009_023_003.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 9, Folder 23, Document 3
  • Text: OTIS CHANDLER PUB Ll ~ HE.R no ackno w l edgment necessary �
  • Tags: Box 9, Box 9 Folder 23, Folder topic: Civil Rights | 1966-1968
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 9, Folder 23, Document 5

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_009_023_005.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 9, Folder 23, Document 5
  • Text: June 19, 196 8 Mr . Frank Ro ug hton In titute of Communi cativ of the Methodist Chur c h 1279 Oxford Road, N . E . Atlanta, Georgia 30366 Arts Dear Mr . Roughton : I have received from Mayor Ivan Allen your letter addressed to him of June 17th reg rding your suggestion for a ymphonic drama on the truggle of the Ne gnn in America, with con tructio n for . ame of an amphitheatre, a a memorial to Dr. Martin Luther King , Jr. Thi ha been brought to my atte ntion in my capacity a chairman of our Aldermanic King Memori 1 Committee . At the out et, I would like to xpress ppreciation foi- your intere t in tbi matt r and to tell you th t I feel your ide ia mo t appropri te a.nd would be xtrem ly me nlngful. Actually, one of Mra . King'• auggeationa for incorpor tion ln th memorial w ar planning was long thi line. Ae you have probably le rned f:rom the v rioue new m dia, our committe - and •ub equ ntly th Board of Aldermen - h t k n a po ltion supporting living, productive m morial as in contr at to •omething like statue or a str et naming: and we have call d On the federal government to a• tat in the dev lopment of nation 1 memorial with ver 1 working facilitie in th rea of Dr. King's birthpl ce and mother church round Auburn Avenu -.nd Boul va.rd. We al o h ve n ordlnanc befor our Zoning Committ e ref rred to it by the Board of Alderm n at ita meeting Monday which would c 11 for design tion of thi are • an 11 hietoric district" , which is our fir t at p in order to pre• rve the ch r cter of some of the n ighborhood nd to protect it from other d velopmentt until we ar in a poeltion to make aetu 1 acqwaition. It i8 my opinion that in the near futur we will probably work �.Mr . Frank Roughton June 19, 1968 -2- toward the e tablishment of a prestige national bo rd o{ trustees, a suggested by Mrs . King, which bo rd would probably have the responsibility o( d eciding on pecific facilities to be incorporated in the development . At the next meeting of our committee I will bring your communication to their attention and will k ep you advised a to our progress . Sincerely, ~~ Sam Ma svell, SMJr:nd cc: Mr . Martin Luther King, Jr . The Hon . Ivan Allen, Jr . (Attn: Mr . Dan Sweat) -Ji} �
  • Tags: Box 9, Box 9 Folder 23, Folder topic: Civil Rights | 1966-1968
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 9, Folder 23, Document 6

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_009_023_006.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 9, Folder 23, Document 6
  • Text: e ~ ,: - . . . r . • ~t --- PREF A·C E . . i·; , ~ ,. . . • - _1 ' .. .. ,I .:., · ' ,I; tt;} i ~.r:·:. t. , . i ·. ~1 .... In attemptin17 to anal v~e wl1ere the movement· is go:i ng, cer tain - i {f ' c.23 :. questions have arisen as to the P,, t,,re roles nlaved by white . :,. I • i .. . personnel. In or.d·e r to make th1 s iss11e clearer, we have wr j tten ) · :fi ·I t ·> .' ;-\• .: ._, i a .few paragraphs, atemminC? from our observ~ions and experiences , lfL,_< .•if ->} . -i o1 ,4.. • i,'.:, I • • •• • • ·: : l-t;,:r.:. : Some of the reasons are as follows: -~ ;·:!L-· ·.- :\ The imi~j lj ty 'i tt-. ) :-::i·:(:--:·.:· '" ~ ~ . .. ~· .,r- ·- .J :wf~ :.- ~ ; ~-- . <} J'L · · ·· ~ The answers to. these · q1.1estions lead us to believe that the form of white participation, as practiced in the past, is now obsolete. j ;.;.·:. ::: )i[: ' '., .., which trerve as a pr·e view to a broader st11dy on the subject. .\ or ._ whites to relate ' to the cultural aspe ct s of I ..: Black soc 1 etv; att! t11aee that whi tea, conscionsl-v ·or unconscious- · ·' . "i · · · ~1·;·1·.· ·__., ... ·.: ~ . #', j·.' ly, brin~ to Blacl-r. com·"luni ties abont themselve s · (wes te rn s uperior- .~ I. . . _;'?: ,.· ·'._.,".. :/' -. ·. i ty) and about Black neon le (paternalism); i n a bili tv t o s ha t ter -~ ft(~~:-:~·\{:-.:~~ '. ·: 'r;:1-.': ·, · (; ·, <} --:. ·.· ·. ~: whi ta-sponsored comm11ni t v m~rths of Black - j_nferj or i tv a nd self, \ . ne.liation; ina., i li ty to combat the v i ews ·of t he Bl ack .commnni ty ... .. >:i .. ::a:u:::::;o::::::::;:i::i:::::: c:o:::o:h:::c:o:::::i::::rds' ~- , 1! • t : :: \ · t~J:i. :_ '. _: . -.. • .• - t, ; \.- ~ /• '.:; ··{ ' ,j l • I ·., I . .. ,·r .. • r u ..... t hrelationships" ( s ex ); the unwillin~n~ss of whit~s to deal with _ . :- i i • the ho s t i l i ty of the _Black, community on the i ssll e of interra cial the roots of racism which lie within the white community; whites, though individua~ ••11benal", are symbols of o~pression _to the · •' ·f 1 . . :r ~·1 I Black community -- due to the collective power that whi~es 'have I r I ., . .• . , over Black lives.· .. Because of' these rea11J,.,ns, which f'o:rce us to view America thr~ugh ..' ~ ~~ ! ~: ,. ' ,' ~ 'I i .. the eyes · or victims, we advocate a conscio,1e chanr,-e .in the role of t ) ·,.:·.:~;'-' .,:· .whites, . ,.,h~ch . . ir , .- . . ,.- .r.;:r ·': /: _.: ·, will be in t •me with the develoning self~ c on s ci ous . . . . - ' .. ness . and :_self-ass~~\ion :o:.. ·_~h~ -~froi..arn.~rican people. ' �~ ~ ~J -- - ------------------... =~ ---,.,., . -- ---·-. ... ... -·- -·-- - - -ffl•'l'~~J -... ! ..:!·.~-143.215.248.55 ~ - ., -~ - -... ,.- ... . ~. ,., --· . .' , .j ,· , .'t" • 1'• ( , ,; ., I:. ~ -I . ... •". ---· ~. ... ~,-.. ,,. .~ ... • ' ,... l ... ,..: ", . ·-.... ... ·.• .~- ff .. ' ·.1j·_ V,ai ' ... ,.- .• . . ! ..... ' : .. ' ...... ' • ....· ~ . ,., l"·." ... 1 .. -:. .J" In conttl,uding. we cstatG ' thet our posjtion ~oes "}. . ~ steili from &gainst white ~~opl~, but from a conscien- ha.trea." or tious effprt ~o develop the best methods of solving our national ' . problem_. I ,> "!' ·',, 'i 1· < ·) ' ., . f "r .: .i ••. -· . \ l • ,' Ii. '··· j ·-'~ ·. ~ . :· ~-.: ,.!.:~: ... ~. , • I ·,· ...~- , ,.: ":\:. ' '· ·.: - i r. ., . '. I .. ,. , 1~· i t. 4 ·1 .· . -:.·· . . . . . ... ·, .. . ! '· '. ~ ' > •· ' , . ,~· . ~ . ,. ' .. ' •,j .. , !:;·,. •\ - ~ • ! l l ,i i ,_ ·, 'I ·..{   . l .' ! i ~. . '· •\ . -,: ! ~ . ·.[ ~ ., -~ .,·1 )· ~- ,._. ·,; ' (" \ ·.· ,/ , ~- - .. . ·_.; ,: ' , •II' ·~ ..... •• I ~ I ·, ' i •:"' I- . '·-; I I 'I ._..,i . .,,.:I ,- ., •-;...· • ,.. LT • h,_.. ~ \ , '.'i -- ~ -- .~ - '.!.::::i . • ... :: . .! . . ~ '.}(F,~ . ,>. ~ . •·: ' - I •• ., '• - - - ,• • • • ~l, • _ _.. • I ~;.. , r~ ,• .,.'.!••• _,__. • , .. ·-. .I \ ' '· �~ {,&,rat:;;~:-;;.,e;.-;:., -~~ --::t··•- .....-• •j I .:_? -? .. .• :l . - - • "'"': ~ - ~!': ·: • , •": - : - " ' . - : " . ' :.. ~. -:. - ."'.' . ":" . •'.""..~ . - : - - ' . ' . • "• .":' . '."." .. ~ _ . --- -••- . '.'"' _ -:'."' ,. _ __ ; ,_ • -. p_.....,., . ~., , ·.·.- · ~- , , .. .,._._ ., .f .., . 1\ ~ _ .t,, --~ ... . _,_ ," : . : ·.. / . 1. •, •, ,• • ··- ~ .... • ... , P • "'\~ • '#; '· ' '- - .!.-=----=:-== -·= =;-=-:-:======= .= . . Ne'g ro ;i;i so·nJehow incapable of liberating ouL of the • __ ,,,.: -- A111erican experience. / In the books that children read, whites are always "good" ( good symbols . "I I · ' · .are white ), Bla~ks '. t ... r -~. .:., -- - - -_-__..; _ . I: . ... i . - . .t hi ms elf, is lazy, etc. can1e ·. ·1 ~ .,, • • •• ~=--=-=-=----------\ 'rhe u,yH, t.he.4- ~he . , t °'::--.. - -- - - -- - •• --. ~ --~ "- -.,. ,.- ~ . =_ _ _ ____._ _ I •••- . -- - • : - .: ·:- ·-- · :. _- -- : :· .. ~---:·--'. ; '"•. -:!-~ .:,~~.:; •,:-;::_-p;_-":"..,. ' ' - ~ _,_..,.......,,.....,,=--,:,::;e,;:==:=-=:~ ..-,_::,, ._,-;._._., _ _,.., __ _ - ,- •• -• • - , .. language is ref~rred to as a "dialect", and Black people in this country ' ·.·. ... '.'• are "evil" are seen as "savages" in movies , their a.re supposedly descended from savages. , •• • I Any white pe~son . . . . . who comes. into the Mov~ent has these concepts .. in his mind about Black people, if ·only subconsciously. I He cannot escape them because the whole society has geared his subconscious in I .. i" -~-~ :· : that direction. !)._·: Miss ~merica coming from Mississippi has a chance to represent I··· I '· . -... ,, ' ; .t' . \I .. < It~ • J.• · f ! . ~ ' .': • ~ 1: ·1t ,. .. ,-. {· _, . I • I ~- ·. j-_.· ' l• ~-~ all of America·, but a Black person from neiflre r Mississippi or New ' . . ' • York will ev_e r represent Arr.erica. So that white people coming int o the • I , '. : .• , • • • • • • -we>rd "black", cannot relate to the "Nitt'y Gritty", canno t r elate t o the experience that brought such a word into b e ing, cannot relate to . .! .. _1. ~ , Mov~rnen~ canno_t relate to the Black experience, cannot relat e t o t he • ,} . '·. .... .'~ . - 0 \, ;(; . ;. . I • • • chitte.rlings, hog's head cheese, pig feet, ham hocks , and ca nnot • ! . . . . . . . relate to slavery, because these things are not a part of their experience • ' rced that Blacks cannot organize t h e m s elv es. T he white psych~logy that Blacks have to be watc h e d, als o reinforces ' I t his s t ereotype , Blacks, in fact, fee l in t imidated ~y the presence of whit e s, because of their k nowledge of the p ower that whites have over ., their lives. ,One whit e pers·on can' come into a meeting of Black people . _. . ,.·. ....· . . . _·: _ ·..• _:t ..-~ (. .I ' i. ' ' ·and.. cha~ge the complexion of tha.t ...meeting, whereas one Black person .. . . . . . . . . ' . . . w9_u ld not change the complexion_of that meeting unless he was an , .. . . ·. . )' . .. . . f. ·. ,. . ' : . :_ ' ... ~ . ~ ~ j �;q ·Dilt.t;i r~ I ~,.;Jt:'!, ~ii______________________ ,,.__ _ _ _ _ _ _ ______~ ~- 4 .. .. .. , ... ' ·. ~- 1~ 4':1'··~ - 't !! .. . .. • ·- ·- - ... ,,..._ -- - ,- . - - _....-·-- .: . .. _.__j._....;......._,,..,.,.;,,=""~~-.,.~-,-,~-~-.....,_..,,.. _,..,, ___,,.,._.,..,. __ =,:; _ · . :i " • - . •t .....,... _ ..- . - .: . .... ·, . I • '. r • r• - ~ :-,:,.._T__,,~:_r. r ~ obvious Uncle Tom. 't ·-,,-~, . - . .- • - • • ' ,. 4 • •, ' ~ r ., . . • =--·.:.;...c.;.• • =-~·~~ - -·- . ------ ---------.-----========-======= .People would immediately start talking about "brotherhood", "love".; etc.; race would not be discussed. l If people must express themselves freely, there has to be a climate I . I I , l:; .' . . : ' · are not liable to vent the rage that they feel about whites in the presence .. ' . •. · : ·. ' in which they can do this. If Blacks feel intimidated by whites, then they ,. ' ' _i... I' • '! , ••: . organize, i.e., the broad masses of Black people. . i I ~ _; of whites---especially not the Black people whom we are trying to ·: . .., be created whereby Blacks can express themselves. . . .. ~ A climate has to The reason that ~ . :~ .. . ., whites must be _e xcluded is not that one is anti-white, but because . the efforts that one is trying to achieve cannot succeed because whites r. '._have an intimidating . . . effect. Oft times the intimidating effect is in direct proportion to the amount of degradation that Black people have ·' ,' ':. { . '! • • suffered at the hands of white people. It must be offered that white people who desire change in this country .- ' .·:,. . .. ;" .. . should go. where that problem (of racism) is most manifest. That ·! i: \' p;-oblem is not in the Black community. The white people should go into whi~e communities where the whites have created power f or the •• 1• i:. express of denying Blacks hlllman dignity and self-determination. Whites who come into the Black community with ideas of change seem '··'-.~ to want to absolve the power structure of its r~sponsiblity of what it j> .tji ,: · ., t ji ; .r.- !· a., .~! I is doing, and saying that change can only come through Black unity, I· t ' I j ,, j '/ 1 /_ .,~ I I .. which is only the worst kind of paternalism. This is not to say that whites have not had an important role in the-Movement. In the case , · ' 1. of Mississippi, their role was very key in that they helped give Blacks ,, : . I the right to organize, but that rcle is now over, and it should be. 1. People now have the right to picket, the right to give out l eaflets, ,. the right to vote, the right to demonstrate, the right to print• . i,. . I . Il These things which revolv·e around the right to organize have been •I• . accomplished mainly because oftthe entrance of white ·people· into ., Mississippi• - i~ :the ·aummer of '6~. i Since these goals have now been , ... : I _, �-:..~ k.··~ ~-:.:.:_.:'.;"-~~.,.;,_,.,,_:_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _:;_;. ·.(~ ..;,,tv......<. - ·· - •• • ;., .• - . <~; ~- · ·~-· -- - •• • • •• .. . ,:_ ·- -· ·-· ·· i :r:·· . . -.,.,~-143.215.248.55-~:':- ~~ ~-. ... ·· ·· · • - · - • •• • .. • - . - ·· · - • - -· · - --- -- - · · ·· - - - - - --. ·.·•· .· . • -- • - --~ 143.215.248.55·-_- -~--~--- - ' ·"=---~ ,-~-~-~-~ .. · ·· --· . j - ·: · · ,. -.. ~ - - - -_ ~- - __ .. .._. ~ ·--.-- · accomplished, the.ir (whites) role in the Movement has now ended. ,. ' • :· What does it mean if Black people, once having the right to organize, •i are not allowed to organize themseives? It means that Black's ideas .. I ., . ' . ·, .• I ' wnites are the '~b~·ichls" behind the Movement .and Blacks cannot . IE ;, • . . .:. .· . . :. .. : .. '• i-'t .. . i: i function without whites. This only serves to perpetuate existing a tti t ude s within the existing society, i.e., Blacks a.re "du~b", "unable to . .·,· , . '. s .' Further (white participation) means in. the eyes of the Black community that I, ~ Shouldn1 t people be able t o organiz_e . themse,l ves? Blacks should be . given this right. ,.  :·~~: about inferiority are being reinforced. .• take care of business", etc. Whites are iN.na.rt", the "brains" behind everything. ~ i How do Bla cks rela te to other Blacks as su ch? ' How do we react I 'i ' I . ;, . ·to Willie Mays as against Mickey Mantle? ~ . .; I· .. . . ... ,, 1 i· What is our response to Mays hitting a home-run against Mantle performing t he same deed? Is our interest in baseball ordered by our appreciation of t he ar tis try of the game, or is it ordered by .the participation of Neg roes in · ,,. · · Baseball? One has to come to the conclusion t hat it is be caus e of ·· . ..1 .... ·i.,, - . -~ • .., _; i .... .. . Black pc3;rticipatiori in baseball. .. .,. , , ' .; : : Negroes still i de ntify with the Dodger.s . because of Jackie Robinson 1 s efforts with the Dodge r s. Negro es ~ "J ... .... would i n s tinctively champion all- Black t e.:im s if t h ey opposed all- .. white o r p r edom i nate_ly white t e a ms. The same p rinciple operates 'I for the Move ~ e 11t as it does fo r baseb all: a mystique must be created whereby Negroes can identify with the Movement. Thus an all-Black project is needed in order for the people • themselves. ,. •' ' I I I , This has to exist from the beginning. what can be called "coalition politics". ' ~ i I to h:.a·e • ' This relates to ' There is no doubt in our · minds that sane whites a;i:e just as disgusted with this system as .. ·J we are. • But it is meaningless to talk 'about coalition if the r e is no . one to align ou'rs ·e lves• ·with, because of the lack o! organi:i.a~ion i n • t · \. the white communities. there can be no ·talk -of "hookingcoupj' unless I �~ · ~ ~ ~ ~ : ;':-143.215.248.55 15:44, 29 December 2017 (EST)J.-.-,l~ ·'1' .. \' ....... r . •.. .. ' ,. ·.~ '.. ··" l - .---, ·· ' ' -"'1"1 . 1f • - ~- . ... -- -·, ,- ~ ~ ..~-~~ :.:...~- .:- -- Black people organize Blacks and white people organize whites. ·i -I .l: .:l1 :. are going in the same direction- talks about exchange of personnel, · 1. J 1'·~ coalition, and other m .eaningful alliances can be discussed. ., 'i-J . .i: ·· ·f. ! whereby we thought that our problems revolved around the right to I . ' In the beginning of the Move·m ent; ~e had fallen into a trap . ' '· ·1· eat at certain lunch counters or the right to vote, dr to organize . '· ':t. t \ ·-·'· 1•·. I•. .- If these conditions are met, then perhaps at some later date- and ii we · J: . ' r .i• ,~ ) ,· , . - - ------ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -..-.'""."'1..._- - - "' ..- - - - - - ---- --.----.-.. -....'-~~- communities. . . deeper. ... ' ; .... ct.ir.: have seen, however, that the problem is much The probietn of this country, as we had seeh it, concerned i \ . I j' ,· :·· , I . : ., ) w~ ollr ' old Blacks and old whi~es (and therefore) if decisions were left . to 't~~ young people, theh solutions would be arrived at. negates the history of Black people and whites. . j But this We have dealt I stringently with the proble ili of "Uncle Tom·", but we have not yet . 'gotten ~round to .Simon Legree. . f ?- real vil~ian? ' We ·must ask ourslves who is the ,.- . ·, .. 1 . • ~ Uncle Tom or Si~on Legree? Everybody knows Uncle T6m, but who knows Simon Legree? I 1 So \k.rhat we have now (in SNCC) is i i ~ closed so~iety. A clique. . · Black people cannot relate t,.:, SNCC, because of its unrealis tic, non racial atmosphere; denying their experiences of America as a racist society. In contrast, SCLC has a staff that at least maintains a Black facade. The front office is virtually all-Black, but nobody accuses SCLC of being 'racist". ...,~' . If we are to procee d towards t r ue liberation, we must cut ourselves off from white people ••• We must form our own institutions, credit 1,.. •• . -~. unions, co-ops, political parties,· write our ,own histories. Dne illustrating·.· example, is the SNOC "Freedom Primer". Blacks cannot relate to that book psychologi.,,ally~ because white people wrote it and, therefore it pre~ents a white viewpoint. _ · To proceed f~rther, let us make some comparisons_ be tween the .,/ l !.' �, ... . --· · ~! -~. . _ : -·-= ' ,... . ...- -~ .• ··~ ·-:,, - .. --r - - .. - . ., ·- ·- • •.. I : -~• •, .. ... -. ,..-.,,. ... -.. ,.., n,•.-: ·~,'";"r,,"W1':•~~•-~ • ..-,1~• ~ - - - -.............=-:c!!=~-- ·· ··:--..:.-:-:- ~ • ) -:..:. -, ' i " -- •• - .- ..: -,·.·· . ····- ·---. - - . - I =··-·- ·= ===== _..- :_:_- -::. :~: : - ~:..-=.. . Black Movement of the ( early) 1900 1 s and the Movement of the 1960 1 s --- the NAACP with SNCC. Whites subverted the Niagra . I -~ Movement whichr at the outset, was an all-Black Movement. i . The • I' 1·.. . t :-: -. . name of the new organization was also very revealing, in that it il;.. 4 .__ - ,1:•,..-~ : presupposed that Blacks have to be advanced to the level of whites. We are now aware that the NAACp has grown reactionary, is controlled by the power-structure itself, and stands as one of the •.main roadblocks to black freedom. .,. SNCC, by allowing the whites to remain i in the organizati~n, can have its ·efforts subverted in the same manner; I· . [ i.e., through having '·them play important roles such as community . ! I~_;~· .. .; I ' I · organizers, etc., · Indigenous leadership cannot be built with whites in O • i . .... ' · i ·..-; it ·:, .. . .J/· _:: ' ·.. the positions ·they now hold. These £acts do not mean that whites cannot help. ....;J,. . . ,i::) icipate on a voluntary basis. .i They can part- We can contract work out to them, but [ ( : ( "', . :, in no way can they participate on-a policy-making level • The cha_rge may be made that we are "racists", · but whites who ~ ' •1 . ·.', -r•. I'. ... ' . -, !. t • '.. . . our own destiny. J If persons insist on remaining because of their ..;·' ,,:r .. longevity, or because they have feelings that we are indebted to them. } -~-. ~, are sensitive to our problems will realize that we must determine • 4 ' r We, as Black people, must re-cv:aluate our history, our ideas of I ., self, the world, Africa and her contributions to mankind. We must take the credit for our contributions to this society _and to the ·, • '<' world. Credit will be given to white people where it is due, but · surely our contributions must .be given credit. I These. myths ( of inferiority and "savager~ ) must be broken by,' Black people, so . . . ' that no mistake can be. made about who is accomplishing what for whom. This is one way to ·break the myths. ' As to the charge of "Black racism", as against white supremacy: . ·; we can say .that the racial makeup of any organization does .not a:nake_ it racist, i.e., , supreme court makeup of all white judges, Black �• ... ., ~ '.; ~~·· ---·..... ... -; . ~- .. . .. : ..:: -, Et-: . - ......,..,-:- -.-..~~- . - - ;: . ·" -- .. ·. :··· · · ... ~ l _ _,;, --,.;-~ ... .,. T -~- .:.. ) .· .,i churches and Black businesses being all Black. The naming of the n_ewapaper, "Nitty-Gi-itty", which ae_rvcd to polarize the feel- ' l, . ings of race, illustrated in a very graphic manner the attitudes that whites have towards cultural aspects of our society. •, The whites were opposed to the name and Blac-ks were affirmative on the issue. ... .; The alternative was the 11 surely such a name could not speak to the needs of grass-roots Black peopl e • Black people can say to the "Nitty-Gritty": I can see mrself there. Can .say to Mays hitting a home run: I see _m yself there. ; Can say t~ the Atlanta Proj ect: . ,, ~. I see myself there f "i .. · , ~ ·: • ' .·r . . l ' i ·, • '· .I ' • • I-~ J . . ··. cl ' ....,.. A tla'xita Voi c e" ".., , • • . . •,' l . ~ ~ i it . -: .. J.~;. i ~ . ~ '. ' · i . f ·, • . .~ ., f. ' ,\ i ' ."" I .' ! 'l , ., • :· I .. . . ,, . . ... . ' ·,, ·'\ ·_ : . . , , •, ,.,·· . ·'·' F\:tc:·.·•. ::.·-. . . < .: ' ,· .- i• • t . ... ( . :f . . , • ~ ... . .. . l·,, . .. ! ': ~ I , . •"J. •. i.- .. ·.i . I·,,_ , ., . .'•I ....·· .. : . .· ,. ·. I. . / I 1 ·'I ,.! ' ' .; '! .: ,: • •\ I• I ..,,..·. /' . . . ..... . :_n ' . .~ ....'·[" ... i ' . .• •. \ I . ~ I .! ,., l • f I, •. .. ~ .., . . i: ,· I ,• ·t /I . ::; .. . 1 I I l . ~ . .··:_.; . ~ ,' • • .• ' .1. I • I ,,, \ ••·• ~ .· .. �....11 ... ... ~ •• ,:_. • .. .. - -.: -· • ··- • 1 ... .. j ·--~~,- .:·:·: ·· ........ ·-:-- --::-: . ,· . ~-.. . • - .· -:- - • - . - -~ --~ • • • • - - --- - • t' ' ~ . • •. .;. • - .·,-,. - .. .... ' , . --; ,_- -:· . .. '.~ · - - - ~ --;. - . ~h_............. ~------"=·-~,...._..,,--:===-e-'..;,,.·,;.,-·~ - -~·,-======~-:-."'·--lki= =.'·r---e---·:.!..!:L- ~~-:::.---·.:=·=-~:~-~  :::: ' =====:::==:::========-=========l One point I would lik~ to f:'r.'it,:1.::.;:.l s is the failure on the .. part o-.f conscious whites ancl Rlae, 1;;., :~n cleRling with the j ... J ' 'J American reality in terms of differences. J 'i _1 ·•' ; .~ ~ to emphasize t~e analysis of the differences bet~een Black and .. . 1 / : 1 .. , ' •: ., < We are beginning white people. There has been an escap~st attitude on the pa~t of SNCC .j T , ,· ; of )143.215.248.55ing at the problem as if race did not matter. --~~,.. -:,..,~ This negates the special history of Black people in this country, 1·. . ·. .':.. .-_mainly the slavery period and the inhumRn forms of segregat- · · ion we have been forced to su~fer. ~nether important point is that most Blacks and whites tend to view ~lacks in the light of _the my-th e that the power s true ture has ore a ted and perpetrated in this country. Black people are considered as "citizens" along the same lines as white people in this count- ry, when in reality, Black people are a semi-colonialized people, victims ·o r a domestic colonialism. .. ,. •. .,, Our introduction· into this country occured during the same time as the partition of Africa and Asia by the European powers, so that the American ins.t i tut ion of · slav.ery was, too , _ a form of , I, I ·-1· . Western Colonialism. . ,,'1· ~~1 ;'!- ·', ' i": \ Therefore Black people in this country ., ,( .•I . l afift in the same way as ao other colonial p~i;:.ples to their environment and experience, but the myths of America labels . _· j ,j n ', them citizens which is an unreal attitude. Also, one of the main blocks in terms of Black self- / recognition antl self-identification in this c9untry has been I interference f~om the dominant white society. '. . From the 1900's to the priesent time Afro-Amer-ican writers and thinlcers have had to contend with the encroachment . of white intellectuals upon 'l:;heil" culture arid . upon ·~;heir thou 6 hts. t·ot ·o·nly cH:d the white inte11ectua1s .·encroaoh upon their thought and culture �:~: . . ! .,, . ·...... _ · .. _ . . . ··-~ r-i:- -..:· . ·- - t~; .... .,._ ~ . .;:a--_-7:"-::·: --<- . ·, . . . - ·- -: - · . - , - -· · ·· - ·. - · r.,:~""' ~ -· ;~- - -· ..,• ·- - _ b-ub· they- l>rought . -· ., - bacl_-cground . .. - .:· -· . ' . • '., If • :"· ....._.,. ' . .. . ~""'-. ·- .!:'. . .~t. - --. • • - ,,,.. .... - ·- · .--.-,..,..'.:.icc:..::"..:==.: ·..:.: ,::;~--.ll ~ · ·.. ·=: - ============::;;;;:: ==·= to it t-heir -whole American ~ of racism and paternalism so that Black culture was potrayed as something being base, second-r~te or below the culture of the United States, which was consi<'lered ."serious" ' or "real 11 • music. ' / -~~· . :- This music which is rooted in the whole experience of .our people in this country was not even named by Black ... •' ( One grap_hic example of this is modern Afro_;, American .. r ·p eople. Modern Afro-American music is named II jazz", which .,. ;- . ;i . ; .. ._ I  :f _. ; : . ' ,r 't I (r. ~ is a term that is derived from white · American society. It is w~{te ~iang to~ sexual intercourse; so that otir musid ~hich ,, j mo.y- be called the maii1stram of our culture ·was l<'.lolced upon ~-) i' .? ! • ·I . " as being :base and second~r at a or dirty and containing aen- .1 sousness, sexuality a nd other exoticisms. II : ! l: .j .' . i.; -. •' J'. 1J :./ ,: -: . .., ~ ~~ '• j • .' ., r This however says mo~e about the white American psyche than it does about aspects of Afro - American culture. • One of the c~!ticisms of wh i t e mili t a nts and radicals is that when we ~iew the masses of white people we view the ov~rall reali ty of Americ a , we view the racis~, the b i gotry , a.nd the dis tortion of pe r s onal i t y, we view .man's inhumanity t o man; we view in reality 180 million r ac is t s. white int ol~c tual and rad i c al The sepsit i ve who is figh t ing to bring · about change is c onscious . of t his f act, but does no t have ,_:i ... _; t he courage to admit this. Whe n. he admi ts this reality, t he n he must also admit his invol veme nt bec aµse -he is a par.t / of the colle c t1ve white Amer ic a. ,, I t is onl,Y t o t he extent that he recognizes this that he will be able to change this _reality. Another concern is how does· the white radical view the Black Community and .how does he view the_ poor white community in terms of' organizing. So far, we have found that most white r-ad-lcals have sought · to escape· the horrible reality of' America by going ===~1 �-··~t~~,: 1Wf: :r:.:.•~~i,•,l~,,.f~ - - -----------------------------"""""'.'~: ~; 1:j .· .:. ;_ ·- ; . . ·-->--··' ' .-r.::-~ ~ ~ =====-=====-=====1 '::• I~ .;4 ,- ~--. · · 0!, - . .. . . _ , _ _ ., ... - ·. ... ,.,.. :: ' ., 7'?:>'·- . . -- ~ : ~-... _ ; . ~:-. , -l . • - ,, . .. .. .- - :-- .. . . ..• .. . ···· ····- - .• . , ,- ·-- 7 - · , , . ·-: - - - - .. ·- - _ _ ____ .. ., ~ ._ ·- - · - - ~ " " ' ~ , • . , , - - --- \· ,.. .· ·. ·--- ·.--- ·-·· · •"'.°'. -·~. . " . , . -~-l. f.., . . . ·· ··-·· ·· · · ' • . - ·into the Black Com~unity and attempting to organize Black .people while neglecting the o~g~nlzation of their pwn ..' • . •: . ' , people's racist communities. '. ·r . , •·· • - :-- r 1 Eaving to move aside and letting this natural process of growth and development ta~:Cing ~ '. place must l:>e faced. These views should not be equated with outside influence or outside agitation hut should be -view~d · as the natural process of growth and . development within a ·movement; so that the move by the Black militants iri iSNCC in this direction should be viewed as a turn towards s elf-dete rmina t i on. I t i s very ironic and curiouE how ~·ar e whi t e s in this c ount_ry c an champion anti - coloni ali sm in othe r countries in _. Af rica, As i a , a nd Lat in Ame r i c a , but when Black people move • t J V r .i' ., ·, f :I f towards simila r goals of s elf- det e_rmina tion ;1n thi~ country ,, they are viewed· as· racists a nd anti-white by these same pro1 gressive whites. In proceeding further, · i~ can be said that this attitude - de~ives from-the overall point of view of the white .psyche · as 'it ; concerna the black people~ · This attitude ·· ·stems · 'troni- the EH'~ of the slave ·revolts· ·when every- white ·: man y • ' I , 1•, \ •' ' • ~ \ ,: •., / ' / t , -., ~ • t~ ,. I . ·, , ~ . . ~ ', '. • i , •:',I ' I • �·. ... ..._. ,_ .. . l~..gi.}_'"'.""-_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _l.) ·,~--~ ~~ i .-:.m£\1~~. . ! 't-,j•, . ~ .. ~ . •. • ' - ~ i:; ., ,;! •. ~ .... ··- -:. - - .,:: . · ·, -~ , .. . , ... - ..... .. : - :;: J .. ~ • • t . ' ': •' I-~·' • • i- ~ !: ·-.-~ • . . - - ~: -- .·;·, .. ___ ._.,....._-- ·ir_•• '!""t,. •, ..: - ~~..,..,..~ - ..~·""'==-""'-~-.',-, ...,..., . _,.,.,.___,.....,,,,,=·.,,,;·====·= - ~.........::--~-:...t_....· ~ . ·. ·,,·, 1. . · .- -...... ·;- -.. -~.... ~ _•,:_...:.:., ....._~~·- ..-:. .. ,...,,..,_ ~ ========== ============-! = · = ) -~ was a potential deputy o~ sheriff or guArdian of the State ~ ..-.. .. ·, t . .. ': ; .:. . . ~ i . .. Because wh~n Black people ~ot toget her among themselves to work • out the~r problems, it be6ame a threat to white pe~ple, becau~e . such meetings were _potentiat slave revolts~ . 'l .. .l .: ·,.·· -: ..' • • l • ,, i -,:.: ' ·-· :.', · . .!F ~. -~ I 1.1 ~ . 1 • . ~ •• " ~~ ed that this attitude or way 'of thinkirtg has 'perpetuated itself· to this current pe~iod and that it is part of the psyche of . ~- . white people in this country whatever their political per- I -~ . It uan be maintain- . . . . ' :, suasion might be. ~ .. It is part 6~ the white fear-gui~t com- -~. . plex -.1·esult-ing from the slave revolts. There have be'en -: { . i . .. . examples of whiteR who stated that they can oeal with black 1 ,· ,· ,! . - . J j l I I, , . . ~ I fellows on an individual b~sis but become threatened· or . '. • ,: • , < , . men·a oed by the presence of groups of Blacks.. . 1. ' , , . i}' . . I t can be main- te.1.ned that this attitude is held by the majority of progress- I ive ~bites in this country. It is a very grave error to mis t ake Blac!t se1.f'-asse r t :ic::o. £or racism or Black supremacy. Black people in th i s count r y .· more so than th~ colonial people~ .of the world know wha~ it ,J, means to be ~ictims of racism, bigotry, and s lave ry. ..•: Real- '· i zing our predictame nt f rom these inhuman a tt itud es i t would be r idiculous for us to turn around and perpet~ate the same reacti onary outlook on other people. We mor e than anyone else realize the i mportanc e of achie ving the type of society, . the type of world whereby people can be viewed as human be·ings. The means of reaching these goals must be, h9wever, from the .! point of view of respecting the differences~etween peoples a I and cultures and not pretending that everyone· is the s ame and the refusal to respect differences is one of the reasons that · ·,1 .I : . ,.I t he w9rld is exploding today~ Also expa nding upon t he ni ffer- .. �:._: rt . · · I r-;-- ._. i • ~~ .; ..~?.!'-:~·t·~-~-·"-'· ·-·. '·,:!"!.- ... i' l ;;_'{, '.,~f :-:":--:"··,,;:~· "I . .:..,.) - • .. . r;;;,,e- - ••• - ' ., ·· i~_,,, .....,, . ·· -~.;:i •. ·- ' ' - -- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -. --.--. ___.... ___ - --~ - -~ -~---~ --~ .-~... ' ,.-~ - . ... .... ··- :_ .•- . .... .. .. • ...... . ' .; . " ; . ~...... ........ .... . . - . . •• • _ .. ~;2;,,.:.. ::;- ...U - ·- · · ' - ·- ·t . . perpetuating the myth of white ·supremacy. "' . "i;," .. ~ -......-·' '-:=":'=~~ .,.; .. ~,··.~ .. . · -.::::·~~...~ ': ;.. r.::::, ~· .;.. .. "intcgt-atic,n 1!._.0d .pr-ogress then one is really •. ..-- - ·-if one·· 'i~~\u,~- ~ b, - - ·- - One is s:3-ying that Blacks have nothing to contribute, and should be willing . . ! to assimilate into the mainstream of Great white civilization, ., I j . . ~ . \ · f .;1 ·. ·-· ., '• I 1 ' ~ ·, ! ii••! I ., !•. I ·' A through re•examination must be made by hladk people concerning the ' contributions that we have made in shaping If this re•examination and re-evalttation is not this .country. { i•l i.e. the west. made, and Black people are not given their proper due and -;.. r i . respect, then the antagbnisms and contradictions a~e going to become more and more glaring, more and more intense until a ·:: national explosion may resu~t. ~ '..; ·1r . .,l When people attempt to move from these conclusions it ' l .,:·!. ·t f . , would be faulty reasoning to say they are · ordered by racism, ';: i: l r, C .· .•.: • • ·.·..: \'· : .. l: ··~ . j !. \j; ~·?: I ,. i ·. ( , 1 . ' , I i • •. ~ ' We all know the ha.voe that this has created through - The r~ fore any re-evaluation that we must make will, for . ; i people. this country. L ' · ·. ioned as a type of white nationalism whe n dealing with Black out the world and particularly among non-white people i n ! . ,' because, in this country and in the west, Racism has· funct • . .. ·I the mos t part, deal with identifica tion. Who a r e Black people; wha t are Black pe ople; what is their relationship ., r - •. r . to America and the World? ·.1 ' i ·. , It must be repe a t ed that t he whole myth . of "Negro CitizenI ship"~ perpetuated by the Hhite Power Elite, ,has confused the j ' ·t ' , • • t .. ... l l I 1 1 thinking of radical and progressive blacks and whites in this country. The broad masses of Black people react to American Society in the same manner as colonial peoples react to t he . v west in Africa, and Latin American, and have the same r elationship - ·that or . the oolonized towards.· the colonizer. ·, - -·- . ... . -~- .. ...:.. ,: . .. .. . ; . .- .- �rr:,. •t,!lli$,Z -~ t y;f.af " •.,.:·i~~4,_______________________________~o::- ••.. ,•• ~.- - :" ':' ·:,; ·,::1 ": . - .. . . ~ ... ·-· -·· ····-.... . ... i .,. , ? i ·! ,.. , ,• .. . -.. - - - - - · t:""" ·..-;: ... --")J·."'P"r'-• -. .'....,;=~----...;,....-, '.. :.· _.··.·.··.·.::. .~,.,,;.,,,,,,,..,,i= -:: -·· ·___·':,,>:-;. . ·_'-.- -·.·,. . ~ ,!!!:!C - ' l ·· _ - • . .. . .. ...... . . , - - .,.-. - ... , - _:.,... : · ±"== . -::=-c~~=·::--, • .,;-.-,: _ . •,.---:;'.:.~ .~ in . .....~ . , ,1. ,, ·· : --: - · -: . " i: -· .,. . · ·~=--:===~=----··- =-===========:::::: '.-:.!;,! ,:'...:::..:;:_·.;: ;.:, ,- . ,_._ _ - - - ---- - - •- · - an attempt tb resolve an internal crises that it' now .c onf~ ·~tin~ SNCC, the B1A.ck-nhi ta issue ( which is .· ; •~ i ~ t caui;inc: eruptions that e.rr: S'3riously hamp0rinr our strur;p:le ' · . for self- dotorm.ination) MUst now be dealt with. In an analysis of our history in . this country, we have ·..,. been forced to come to the conclusion that 400 years of .. · oppression and slavery suffered in this country by our Black forebears parallels in a very r,raphic way tho opprossion and colonization suffered by the African people. 'lhe questions can be rightfully asked, v,hat part did tho white colonizers ! ·. '- 4' ·j· . . play .in the liberation· of independent .'\.frican Nations; who . ' I • were the . ar;i-tators for .'\.frican independence? . /mswers . · to those . , .. · questions c.o mpel us to believe that our strurGle for .liberat- i• . • . ·j . 1' . ,. . ion ~nd self- determknation cen o~lr be c~rried out effect- .. ively by Black people. ' ' 'Ibo necessity o} dealinr, with the question of identity • 1 'I : is of prime importance in our own strn ~r:le. •J destruction of our links to Afric'a, the cultu ral cut-off of I The . systematic ' . ·~;• J Blacks in this country from Blacks in Africa are not situat-.. ·! . ions that conscious Black people in this country are willing to accept. , Nor are conscious Black people in this country ,. •, ·, 1 !· ,. I wil~inG to accept an ~ducational system· that teaches all ~ _, ~ · aspec ts of western civilization and dismisses our Afro- ! \·. I i ~ . • ' ,. ·.. ·e • ' ./ I ' American contribution with one week of inadequate information. (Necro History Week) and deals with _nfrica not at all. Black I people are net willini to align themselves with a western culture ·that daily emasculates our beauty, our pride and our _ ' .i I manhood.. It follows that white people boin~ part of western i ! .· civicization in a way .that Black people ~ould never be are I • 1 ·: .~· ! totally indequate ,to . deal with Black identity which is' key '! .v ~ ·:=· I. ·!. ~ • ' ,, . ... :_ ~.-:::·T . .-'. ~- ~ ~ ~~ .· I . l" l : ~ .. �~........J.::~.-t: ..-:.:. .'j ,~ ,.,, i,~~.-~._1,;ii!-i, _ _;.,__ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ •_ _ _ _ __, , . . . . , _ ~ ~ - -- - - - - - -.......~-~ 143.215.248.55- .. .. ·-.. -~.-:-: ~ . i..' . :,.· - . .. .... j • · .. ... . J . ·~ ~ \ .r · - - · ~· - . ,. · ~ -.i-::-:,,_._. __ _.z" · - ·: -. ; · : - - - _· ,·,_r,_ __, ··· ..., .. . . .. - - -· - -~ - ~ ! . ., ": - · ·• . :.::~ ~ "; ~ ---r--·--· ...... "===-==============-== - -.'.-= .. '--'-'" - ' =- :_,.-!;-_-: .:.... to our strur~le for s~lf-deternination. ' . ~ · ··-- ·-· . \'lhen it _c omes to the question of or:-anizing Black people., · 1 · 'L .., . J, _; i ,; / . ... ·; we nrust insist that the people wl10 come in cpntact with the . 11lack masses .,re not white people who, no matter what their - . .. • '.. . . liberal leaninr.;s ere, are not equipped to dispel the myths of western superiority,. ·. ~ ~-.. ' i .. I · . !; . .. .; . I . • j .:: ~ ..: ·. V/hite people only serve to perpetuate ~ .· '. these myths; rather, orranizing must he done by Black people •I\ ~- : . . ·_are able to see the beauty of themselves, are able to see the . · :. important cultural contributions of 11.fro-.~ mericans, are able ' I' , • . to s~e that this country was built upon the blood and backs of a ~ ., ,, ' '•- ; . our Black anc'.ls tors. "-· -~ L. .. .~. ~ .. -'· ·: that our or":aniza tion · ( SNCC) should he BlacJ staffed, Black ·r : . ..:·: ;i· controlled l< e/ , ·-;:), ,. · :· j :;( ,· ·. f ' . ·, .: :f :·._·.. :. ! '•' ,...,. . . "i • - . -:, ;1 ' :.~ • 's ._JI: . In an attempt to find a .solution to ou~~ilema, we propose . --~ . •• ' • .: ' · end Biack financed. We do not want to fall into a similar dilema that other Civil Ri.ri:h ts or .r:,aniza tions. have fallen .. . · If we continue ta r3ly·upon ~hi to financinl support we will · find ourselves wntviined in the tentacles of the \~1hite power complex that controls this country. It . is also important that a Black or~a~ization '( devoid of cultis~ · ) be projected to our I: _1 ,,  !f people so that it cen be demonstrated that srich orranizations .' J are viable. More and more we see Black people in this country being used as a. tool of the white liberal establishment. ii .. I.; I Liberal whit es have not bep.:un to address themselves to the real problems I '.· of Bleck people .in this co .. ntry; witness th eir bewilderment, 1 fear and anxiety Wh'3n Nationalism_ is mentioned concerning Black people. An analysis of th~ir (white liberal) reaction to the · word alone (Nationalism) re~eals a very meanin~ful attitude of whites or any ideolorical persuasion towards ~lacks in this ~- ,. .: ,· ..~ ' t' : ..:· .- ::; .:. ' country •. . · i _t me~ns, t _h at previous so11.• tions to ;Black :problems • • •.: ., •· ·.-...!.- · ..:..:...: . ·: . ' ·f .·. __ . ..... _; .. -.;_~ .. I �.... of those whites ) not in the best interest's of .: dealin(", with t;hooo problems · : Black peopla in this · country hnve beon made in the interests of ·: . .. . ;;' . ,:: ·.;' : '._ those whites dealinr; with those problems and not in the. best · inter~stof Black people in this coPntry. i . ., .. -~ '"/hi tes can only sub- .. .:. vert our true search and strur:rle for self-determination, self- f :. :. l i : ', ·: · r .:· identification, and liberation in this country. R0_-evaluation of the white and Black roles nrust NOW take place so that whites ' no longer designate roles that Black people play but rather BlAck people define white people's roles. . ·•·' To ionr, have we allowed white people to interprr.tt the importance and meaniri~ of the cultural aspects of_ .our society, . ' ' I . 1 ·: '., . : :'. . . I have allowed. them to tell us what was p:obd a'bou t our .\ fro- · -: · ~·ie '. ·~<.- .- ; . ' l::,·. : .,· ·. ·. · ,'.: American nrusic·, art and literature. . :i, : ... . ·:· ~-.. . ·. . ~ ' ,:~,,,! . 1. . , I ~ • .. we have on the , ·J :;,,·, ~-! I _'\ '. . . ! ..\ of the Black psyche ( except in the oppressor's role) ·. . . interpret the meaning of the Blues to ' · ·. ! .• < us who are manifestations of the son,:;s themse1V'3s? I . ', _., How can a white person who is not jazz" sc!'lne? It nrust also be pointed out that on wha.tever level of con- ,, ~. ' 1 tact that "1lacks and v1hites .come to r,ethor, that meetinG .or•r--,n- > I,!. . I ,I li ·:;:_:. ·..  :,•• ' I :-' L ,. i. .~ I '.: ! :. .1l . l ~ . I '\ whites is a reinforcoment of the myth of vrhite supremacy • .Vlhite~ nre · th,:i ones who must try to raise themselves to oµr humanistic I , ne are not, after all, the ones wh9 are responsible . for a ~enoci da l war in Vietnam; we are not the ones who are ' l I; ' ,. I responsible for Neo-Colonialism in Africa and Latin ~merica; 'it• '• This only means that our everyday contac t with / ., '. level of whites. level. ·i ' frontation in not on the level of the Blacks but always on the ,., t ;. I .' • .• . we are not the ones who held a people in animalistic bonda~e . . · over 400 years • . ,_, we raj ect , t~~ A~eric_an Dz,ean as d_efined : by whi ta people • - ~ • • I J /. I a part • ,· 1··· II How many Black critics do _.,._ . '" •• ~ .-1 .' , ... "·-=-·· ,. _ •, :: • . :. _ ~J ·~:: ~ I • ·i '_ ~ .. : • �.. r.:. .·- l ••'i .....,, ' ·~ .S:_ :·~~-·-· ·:. ,. ) , - ,, ') ,. and must work to construct. , .u ~;, 111orican real1 ty· de.fined ·,. / by A.fro-A:".l'ler.j .~~l:".'.s(I • ' .') ' - ' ·• ' • •• • ,: I . . ···-- . ... ., .. ·:· , ': ·. .. ~ , · ·' i .. ·: ' •.,1. : '.: - ... j· ... .. •: .·. ': .. . '.~ ·. '•, , .' ... ,. ·- ·.,. 1• . . • 1· .· . .·. , ' ','- · ' ..; ., I. !' t .. ,, ': ·.\" •' . .:·~~ . • • \· .. f ~ \. . f. ,. ' .' , ...; f -:, .. , ./,• .- t"' ~'. {, _, ((: ·· .; .... . ' . . ;· .. ., -~- .. .~. .: t ·' .' I' ... ) '•< ' .' ..... '•, .l _. ,,, '• ·' ' ;. .'l ... _. , \. - t ... ..:.!'"·· . ·.,\, ' ,; .; . ~- :: .r ' f .i -1q l ., , •• . ,, t •' .. ~ l i: ' 1 l •i )r :• j t l ... ' I • • \. . ~ ~ ·: ' ... I.  ; ,· ;.; . .: • , ~ J ..),i . r ·'! ,r,: ,:ri .: .. [Ii: • I ~.,.•.·, ..... f· ~ , :'.: -. . , ,i I l ' . ,{'\• '! " I ' I I I, \' I I / ...... ., r- 1 ..' . .J. j{ .·, l [ ' ... ' .. . . •·' ' .- . • ,•:· . . ~ ~ i ·\ ., .·"..i-' .· .~ ~ ., . ~ :~ .~.. : -...... . i l. '-~: u ~ i l .' It �
  • Tags: Box 9, Box 9 Folder 23, Folder topic: Civil Rights | 1966-1968
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 9, Folder 23, Document 9

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_009_023_009.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 9, Folder 23, Document 9
  • Text: j LEADERSHIP CONFERENCE ON CIVIL RIGHTS ROY WILKINS, Chairman ARNOLD ARONSON, Secretary JOSEPH L. RAUH, JR., Counsel CLARENCE M. MITCHELL, Legislative Cha irman MARVIN CAPLAN , Director Wash i ngton Office J. FRANCIS POHLHAUS, Speci al Consultant .' ' YVONNE PRICE, Executive Assistant 2027 Mass. Ave., N.W., Washington, D. C. 20036 phone 667-1780 THE LEADERSHIP New York address: 20 West 40th St. , New York 10018, phone BRyant 9-1400 CONFERE N CE · ON WHAT I t S p e a ks F o r • IT IS AND CIVIL RIGHTS: DOES M i 11 i o .n s In the las t 17 ye ars th e on Civil Rights has becom e a L eade .rship C o n fere nce u n iq ue s pok es ma n : voice for 112 nation a l o rganiz a tio n s gether to urge ne w c i v i l when they pres s f o r t he when they jo i n t o - ri g hts laws upon Con gre s s and s tr o ng erifo:rcement of exi sti ng l a ws . Th e Co nference is a coalition of ma j or civi l rights, labor, religi ou s , w ho se s t r eng t h lies in it s civ i c and fraterna l groups unity o Wh e n the Conf e ren c e c omes ou t in support of a p e n di ng bi l l or urges a of act i on up on t h e gover n m rant ll co urse it spea ks o n beh alf of mil l ions of A mericans of all ra c e s 9 creeds, re ligions, and ethnic grou ps and from all walks of life o It s P urpose In it s statement of pur pose ll clares itself as ~'a v oluntary ll the C onf eren ce de- nonpartisan ass ociation of autonomous national organizati o ns see king to advance "Cooperat ion in the Common Cause of Civil Rights for All" �PARTICIPATING ORGAI\JIZATIONS AFRICAN METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH l~ l\T ONAL E c.AU TY CULTURISTS' LEAGUE, INC. AFRICAN METHODIST EP ISCOPAL ZIO N CHURCH ~,AT O~",L CA I HOLIC CONFEREN CE FOR INT ERRACIAL JUSTICE NI, T ld~;'IL Ch T1 1 J LIC SOCIAL ACTION CONFERENCE ALPHA KAPPA ALPHA SORORITY, INC. ••;:,[ ,n ALPHA PH I ALPHA FRATERNITY, INC. N AMALGAMATED CLOTHING WORKERS OF AMERICA TIO',Al C~l'· V L OF CATHOLIC WOMEN /\MALGA MATED M EAT CUTTERS & BUTCHER WORKMEN ,, AMER l.,AN CIVI L LIBERTIES UNION , ~-'1/.l ~01, •~ IL OF CH URCHES-COMMISSION ON Fi E.LI, ION e. R4CE N ,TIONAl. COuNCI L OF JEWISH WOMEN /\Ml:. RICAN ETHICAL UN ION ' AM ERICAN FEDERATION OF LABOR ORGAN IZATIONS c,NITY RELATIONS ADVISORY COUNCIL 10·,;,L C ,L'l'CIL OF CATHOLIC MEN CONGRESS OF INDUSTRIAL i-lAflO~ ,L COLJ NCIL OF NEGRO WOMEN NA1 IONi\l..COUNCIL OF PUERTO RICAN VOLUNTEERS, INC. Al\1EfllCAN FEDERATION OF STATE COUNTY & MUNICIPAL EM PL OYEES 1 AMERICAN FEDERATION OF TEACHERS N Ai .CN , L DENTAL ASSOCI ATION AMERICAN JEWIS H COMM ITTEE NA:!ONAl FA'lfo,lERS UN ION AM ERICAN JEWISH CONGRESS NATIO~ AL FEDERATION OF CATHOLIC COLLEGE STUDENTS ATlvl\ \L CC U ', CI L OF SENIOR CITIZENS, INC. A M ERICAN NEWSPAPER GUI LD NATIQ;-.; ' '- H JtRAT ION OF SETTLEMENTS & NEIGHBORHOOD CENTERS AMF.R ICAN VETERAN S COMMITTEE I\AT1C'N"'L I- -DE RATION OF TEMPLE SISTERHOODS AMER ICANS FOR DEMOCRATIC ACTION NA 110'\AI .l [ V' ISH WELFARE BOARD AN1I DEFAMATION LEAGUE OF B 'NAI B'RITH N ,l1C•NAL 1i1 EUiCAL ASSOCIATION N/,11r~,AL NEWMAN STU DENT FEDERATION A . rHILIP RANDOLPH INSTITUTE NA1 If NAL Nf:.VSPAPER PUBLISHERS ASSOCIATION l3 1SHOP'S COMM ITTEE FOR T HE SPANISH SPEAKING NA rit, t, AL ORGANIZATION FOR MEXICAN-AMERICAN SERVICES B 'NAI B'RITH WOMEN NI\T 10N L ORGAN IZATION FOR WOMEN BROTHERHOOD OF SLEEPING CAR PORTERS II/Al ICNAL SHARECROPPERS FUND CHRI STIAN METHODIST EP ISCOPAL CHURCH ChL,RCH OF THE BRETHREN - BRETHREN SERVICE COMMI SS ION Cf•URC H WOMEN UNITED O:V.EGA I- SI PHI FRATERNITY, INC. C TIZENS LOBBY FOR FREEDOM & FAIR PLAY l'h B l:.TA SIGMA FRATERNITY, INC. COLLEGE YCS NATIONAL STAFF PH I DEL TA KAPPA SORORITY CONGRESS OF RAC IAL EQUALITY PIOla EER WOMEN, AMERICAN AFFAIRS r LL TA SIGMA THETA SOROR ITY EP ISC OPAL CHURCH - DIVISION OF CHRISTIAN CITIZENSHIP PRE.SBYTERIAN INTERRACIAL COUNCIL RE1A IL WHOLESALE & DEPARTMENT STORE UNION EPISCOPAL SOCIETY FOR CULTURAL AND RACIAL UNITY FRANCISCAN JURISDICTI ON OF THE THIRD ORDER OF ST. l"RANCIS SOUTHERN BEAUTY CONGRESS, INC. SOUTHERN CHRISTIAN LEADERSHIP CONFERENCE FRONTIERS INTERNATIONAL · TEXTILE WORKERS UNION OF AMER ICA HADASSAH TRANSPORT WORKERS UNION OF AMERICA HOTEL AND RESTAURANT EMPLOYEES AND BARTENDER S INTERNATIONAL UNION UNION OF AMERICAN HEBREW CONGREGATIONS IM PROVED BENEVOLENT & PROTECTIVE ORDER OF ELKS OF TH E YVOR LD INDUSTRIAL UNION OEPARTMENT-AFL-CIO INTERNATIONAL LADIES GARMENT WORKERS' UNION Of- AMER ICA INTERNATIONAL UNION OF ELECTRICAL RADIO & MAChlNF vv'OR K ERS UNITAR IAN UNIVERSALIST ASSOCIATION -COMMISSION ON RELIGION & RACE U NITARIAN UNIVERSALIST WOMEN'S FEDERATION U N ITED AUTOMOBILE WORKERS OF AMERICA UNITCD CHURCH OF CH HIST- COMM ITTEE FOR RACIAL JUSTICE NOW IOTA PHI LAMBDA SORORITY, INC. UN ITED CHURCH OF CHRIST-COUNCIL FOR CHRISTIAN SOCIAL ACTION JAPANESE AM ERICAN CITIZENS LEAGUE U N 1TED HEBREW TRADES JEWISH LABOR COMMITTEE U NIT ED PACKINGHOUSE, FOOD & ALLIED WORKERS JEWISH WAR VETERANS LABOR ZI ONI ST ORGANIZATION OF AMERICA L EAG UE FOR INDUSTRIAL DEMOCRACY LUTHERAN CHURCH IN AMERICA- BOARD OF SOCIAL M l ~; ISTRY U NI TED PRESBYfERIAN CHURCH - COMMISSION ON RELIGION & RACE UNI TED PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH - OFFICE OF CHURCH & SOCIETY UNITED RUBBER WORKERS UNITED STATES NATIONAL STUDENT ASSOCIATION MEDICAL COMMITTEE FOR HUMAN RIGHTS NATIONAL ALLIANCE OF POSTAL & FEDERAL EMPLOYEES A TIONAL URBAN LEAGUE Nf. GRO AMERICAN LABOR COUNCIL · NATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF COLORl:.[.J PEOPLE NATI ONAL ASSOCIATION OF COLLEGE WOMEN NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF COLORED WOMEN'S Cl. UBS, INC NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF NEGRO BUSINESS & PROFESS IONAL WOMEN 'S CLUBS, INC. UNITED STATES YOUTH COUNCIL UNITED STEELWORKERS OF AM ERICA UNITED SYNAGOGUE OF AM ERICA UNITED TRANSPORT SERVICE EMPLOYEES UNIVERSITY CHRISTIAN MOVEMENT WOMEN' S INTERNATIONAL LEAGUE FOR PEACE & FREEDOM NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF REAL ESTATE BROKERS, INC. WORKERS DEFENSE LEAGUE NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF SOCIAL WORKERS WORKMEN 'S CIRCLI:. NATIONAL BAPTIST CONVENTION, U. S. A. YOUNG WOMEN'S CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION OF THE USA NATIONAL BAR ASSOCIATION ZETA PHI BETA SORORITY �- 2- civil rights for a,11 Americ ans through government action at the national levelo the establishment and By civil rights we mean not only en :£orc e ment of rights in law, f but also the realization social and economic con- ditions in which alone the £ul£illment of thes ·e is possibleo rights 11 How the . Conference Beg an ( The Leadersh ip C o n£ex enc e was formed in 1950 by national organiz ations whose l e aders felt that while they often spoke and acted se parately, occasions when they coul d make a there we r e many greater impact upon official Washing t on a nd t h e genera l public if they joined together in suppoI't of spe cif i c i ss ue s o The Co n fer ence m ex ge d two existin g groups: the National Counci l fo r by A. Ph ili p R andolph, a Permanent FEPC, headed and the National Em er g enc y Civil Rights Mob ilization headed by Roy Wilk ins and Arnold Aron son . A ll three men c on tinue to play imp o r .. tant r ol es in th G Co nfezence : Mr.I_ Randolph is a and Mro M r . member of the W ilkins is Chair ma n, Ex e c utive Commi ttee , Aronson is Secretary . How the Conferenc e Grew From the first , the Conference undertook to �-3- unite its groups behind sp e cific civil rights bills .. it grew in numbers i t g r ew in influenceo The Conference has coordinated all th e na ti onal campaigns fo r civil rights billso It s series of civil ri ght s 19570 major g r eate st s ucc e sses wer e the l aw s pass ed by Congr e ss The mos t no t abl e la ws in t h i s Rights _ Act of 196 4 a nd th e s i n ce g r oup w ere t he Civil Vo ting Ri--g hts Act of 1965. But the C o n f eren c e does not wo r k laws to statute b oo ks .. As I t s org ani zati on s ju st t o ad d know la ws are worth li t tle unless th e y are adequately en f orced. It campaigns u n t ir in g ly f o r existing prog r am s a de qu a te fund s to k e ep goin g a n d for a dequ a te e n forc e m e nt. How the Co n f eren c e O perates T he C on fe ren ce functio ns thr ou gh three main Commi t te e s: for t h e the Executive Com m ittee which se t s policy o rga n i zation ; the Legislative Co mmi ttee, the C ha i rm a n ship of Cl aren ce Mitchell, s t r a teg y f o r u nder which plans pendi ng bills; and the Com mittee on C o m- pliance and E n f orcement » under James Hamilton o f the Nation a l Council of Chur c hes , which wo r ks to see that the laws are ad mini stered str o ngly and effectively. How the Conf erence Keeps Its Groups I n f o rme d The Co n ference tries to keep in constant touch �-4- with its organizationso It sends them regular MEMOs that set forth the immediate legislative situation and suggest what groups can do to help mobilize support for a bill or a of bills, course of action. pamphlets, It publishes analyses papers on what still needs to be done to achieve full equalityo Not Civil Rights Alone Over the years the Confe re nce has b ro adened its concernso It realizes that the fight for full equality and the War on Poverty are interconnected. In ad - dition to campaigning for civil rig hts bills it has also worked for passage of an adequate minimum wage law· ; for reapportioned state legislatures so that they represent more truly all the peo p l e in a educational oppo rtun ity; for adequate food di stribution to the country's poor; for h om e of Columbi a ; for state; for broad rule fo r the Dist ri ct s chool desegregation. These are only a few of its campaign s . The Confere n ce remains t od ay f i rm in its belief that progress in civil rights is the co n cern of everyAmerican, not the int erest of an y on e groupo It believes, in Roy �-5- Wilkins• words, that "we are all tied together that the fut u ·r e f o r A m er ic a mu s t b e 11 and an int e g r at e d fut u r e ; a nation in which all men and women share equally in its burdens and its benefitso Its motto is still: "Cooperation in the Common Cause of Civil Rights for All" �
  • Tags: Box 9, Box 9 Folder 23, Folder topic: Civil Rights | 1966-1968
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 9, Folder 23, Document 16

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_009_023_016.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 9, Folder 23, Document 16
  • Text: THE WHITE HOUSE CONFERENC E "TO FULFILL THESE RIGHTS" 1800 G Street, N. W. Washington, D. C. Tel: 737-9010 NOTICE The enclosed Report of the White House Conference "To Fulfill These Rights" is being distributed to all who were invited to the Conference, Members of Congress, news media, private and Federal Government agencies. Additional copies of the Report may be purchased for $1.25 per copy from the Superintendent of Documents, United States Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C. 20402. An order for additional copies must be accompanied by a check or money order payable to the Superintendent of Documents. �
  • Tags: Box 9, Box 9 Folder 23, Folder topic: Civil Rights | 1966-1968
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017