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Box 12, Folder 28, Document 1

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_012_028_001.pdf
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  • Title: Box 12, Folder 28, Document 1
  • Text: Bedeviled by long, hazardous hours, low pay, public abuse and unrealistic court decisions, policemen across the country are at an all-tim e low in morale. Is it any wonder that police departments are so dangerously undermanned that crime is flourishing? Our Alarming Police Shortage BY \ i\l JLLI AM SCHULZ M m ajor crim es a re committed during a typica l week in the city of Los Angeles. Twenty-five women are raped; fo ur citizens are murdered; 190 others are bea ten , kni fed or shot. Poli ce switchboa rds light up w ith reports of r 53 robberies, 445 stolen ca rs, 637 larcen ies involving $50 or m ore, and 1076 housebrea kings . Yet thi s orgy of law less ness is no reAection on the L os Ange les Poli ce Depa rtm ent. " We just don't have the m a npowe r to keep crim e in check," says embat tl ed poli ce chi ef Thom as Reddin . " We need 10,000 m en, but we ca n't even fi ll our a uthori zed st reng th of 5383." ORE THA N 2500 Officials in every sect ion of the co untry echo C hief Reddin 's complaint. Ameri ca is desperately underprotected - at a tim e w hen crime is grow in g six tim es fas t er than p op ul a t io n- a nd t he situ a ti o n is wo rsening rapidly. Demoralized by in a dequ a te wages, fr ustrated by judicial nitpicking , sickened by citize n apathy, poli cemen by the thousa nds are turning in their badges, whi le potentia l replacem ents look elsewhere fo r employm ent. A survey of 36 m ajo r departments from Bo sto n to Hono lulu di sc loses that not one is up to authorized st reng th. U.S . Ass istant Atto rn ey General Fred Vin son, Jr., puts the I �2 THE READER'S DIGEST nationwide police sh ortage at a frightening 50,000. On the Run. New York's 73rd Precinct - the teeming Brownsville section of Brooklyn-is a microcosm of the national problem. Last summer, the "normal complement" of 374 men needed to safeguard the area was short by more than roo. Bone-weary officers put in r6-hour days in the attempt to maintain law and order. But they were no match for ma rauding criminals. Homicides soared. Stores were repeatedly burglarized . Policemen themselves were mugged in broad daylight. "They've got us on the run," an exhausted patrolman said bitterly. "And they know it." To remedy the situation, ew York officials have la unched a highpowered recruiting campaign. But their problem is not unique. Recruiters from the Washington, D.C., police department comb the eastern United States, a nd cannot fill the nearly 400 vacancies on their 3100man force. Meanwhile, crime in the nation's capital increased 38 percent in a recent 12-m onth period. Behind the cold statistics are the individuals who suffer: the mercha nt forced out of business by repeated holdups; the pretty teen-ager disfig ured for li fe by a n assailant's razor; the young housewife thrust into widowhood by an armed robber - and you may well be next. For make no mistake about it: every gap in the "thin blue line" means that more citizens get hurt. This was demonst rated vividly in mid-1966, when hundreds of Chicago police were taken off their regular beats to quell potential riots in the tense Eighth District. During this time, the city's crime soared 29.8 percent over the previous year, with increases recorded in 20 of 21 police districts. The sole exception: the Eighth District. H igh Risk, Low Pay. The shamefu l events of last summer, during which more than 100 communities were ravaged by riot, have made the police manpower situation even more acute.For example, 20 men had signed up to take the examination for admission to the undermanned P lainfield, .J., police department. Then came that city's riot, in the course of which a young patrolman was stomped to death by a savage mob. Only five of the applicants showed up to take the test. Of the five, only two qualified. In nearby ewark, a policeman threatening to turn in his badge said, "They just buried the best man I've ever known" -this of Frederick Toto, a decorated policema n shot to death by a sniper during the July riot. 'Tm not afraid, but m y wife's near a nervous b reakdown." But the riots are only part of it. In recent months I have traveled from one end of the country to the other, interviewing former policemen as well as harried young patrolmen who at least for now, are stick ing it out. From their stories t hi s dep lorable f inanci al picture emerges : Although the Office of Economic �OUR A L ARMING POLICE SHORTAGE Opportunity puts the pove rt y level a t $3200 for a non -farm fa mily of fou r, patrolmen in Di ck so n , Tenn., start at $2400 a year ; in Durant, Okla., at $2760; in Glasgow, Ky., at $3000. Coeur d 'A lene, Idaho, pays its patrolmen an annual ·$5280, but requires them to work 54-hour weeks . Salaries in large r citi es, while hig her, are nonetheless disg raceful. In Seattle, cable splicers ea rn $375 a month more than poli ce men; Chicago electri cia ns receive $1.40 an hour more than the patrolman on the bea t; carpenters in N ew York comma nd 50 percent m ore per hour than patrolmen. M oreover, the cable sp li cer, e lect rici a n a nd carpente r work 35- or 40-hour weeks, with genero us ove rtime. The policeman toils ni g h ts and holidays, rarely with overt im e, often under in cr edibl e stra in , hi s li fe freq uentl y in danger. In 1966, 23,000 poli cemen were assa ulted in the lin e of duty. More appa lling than low pay to m an y po li cemen is the att itude of the publi c. "I'm willing to take m y chances w ith the punks and the hoods," says a vetera n policeman in Balt imore. "A ll I ask is a li ttle support from the average citizen." Yet, all too often, peop le "wa lk the ot her way." Fo r h::i lf ::i n hour, t wo membe rs of t h e C a li fo rni a Hi g h way Patrol teetered on the edge of a bridge 185 feet above Sa n Pedro Bay, st ruggling to save a man bent on suicide. Agai n and aga in they shouted for help to passing cars. Not one driver stopped, or even bothered 3 to ca ll for aid when he reached the end of the bridge. In another insta nce, a Sa n Fran cisco policeman attempted to arrest two drunks on a downtown street. Forty minutes late r he was ca rried into San Fra ncisco General Hospital, his cheek slas hed open, his nose broken . "The crowd just let them beat m e," he sa id . "People act as if the police were their enemies." Case Dismissed. A nother m ajor factor in the sorry state of police morale is th e se ries of vague and loosely wo rded Supreme Court rulings handed down in rece nt years. Consider these typical cases reported to the Senate Subcommittee on C rimin al L aws a nd P rocedures: • " Thi s fe llow went throug h a red lig ht a nd ran into me," an a ng ry motorist told the policem an dispatc hed to the scene of a traffic acci dent in Providence, R.I . " Is that so?" the officer inqu ired of the second motor ist. The latter ad mi tted that he had indeed run the li g ht. Later, the case aga in st him was thrown out of co urt . Why? Th e poli cema n had fa iled to notify him of hi s rig hts, as required by the Supreme Court's 1966 Mira nda decisi on,* before asking, " ls that so'" • An officer in Torran ce, Ca lif., picked up two young men on narcotics cha rges. Acu tely ::iwa re of Miranda, the pol ice man in formed the suspects, "Yo u have the rig ht to • Whi ch ,a ,·s that a suspect mu, t be info rmed of hi s right to silence, of his rig ht to a lawyer e,-cn if he cannot affn rd o ne. a nd of the fact tha t a nything he sa ys ca n be held .tga in !-i t hirn in court . �THE READER'S DIGEST the services of a n attorney during all stages of the proceedings against you." Tot good enough, Judge Otto Willett ruled in dismissing the charges. What the officer should have said, Willett declared, was, "You have the right to the services of an attorney prior to any questioning." The defendants left the cou rtroom gn nnmg . " itpicking of this kind h;r.; had a disastrous effect on our force," says Lt. L ee J. As hma n, head of the T orrance narcotics squad. "Some veteran officers have become so frustrated they've simp ly quit." Turnstile Justice. Just as demoralizing is the cava lier attitude that m any judges have toward juvenile crime. Co nsider the case 0£ Harry Sylvester Jones, Jr., a Washing ton, D.C., delinquent who was g iven an earl y release from reform schoolonl y to embark on a criminal career that included rape, auto theft and g rand larceny. Sentenced to prison three times in eig ht years, Jones was three times released on parole or p robation. Within seven m onths after he was released for the third tim e, he had raped two women at kni fe-point, stabbed a nother nine times as she knelt in church, and committed his third rape against a 54-yea r-old wom an he trapped in an elevator. Jones is ha rd ly unique. Police fil es in every state bulge with cases in which innocent members of society pay fo r the mistakes of unrealistic judges and pa role o fficers. The careers of Gregory Ulas Powell and 4 Jimmy L ee Smith, young Cali forn ians who had amassed 25 arrests by the time they were 30, are depressingly typical. On the night of M arch 9, 1963, en route to their fi fth robbery in two weeks, Powell a nd Smith were stopped for a defective taill ig ht by Los Angeles policemen Ian James Campbell and K arl Hettinger. The unsuspecting officers were promptly kidnaped at g u npoint, d riven n o rt h in to K e rn County an d m arched on to a deserted field . As the officers stood with their hands raised, Powell calmly fired a .32-caliber bu llet into Campbell's mouth. Hettinger whirled and ra n, miraculously escaping as Powell soug ht to gun him down and Smith pumped four more slug s into the dying Campbell. The lesson to be learned from that March night is the folly of turnstile justice. Campbell's killers were both- on parole. Eight tim es they had been the recipients of judicia l leniency in the form of conditional release, parole or probation. N or has their luck run out. C aptured within hours of the murder, the two were convicted a nd sentenced to death . But, last July, the Ca liforni a Suprem e Court reversed the convictions on the ground that the defendants had not been fully ad vised o f their rig hts, and ordered a new tria l, perhaps p roviding a noth e r oppo rt u nit y to prove tha t crime does pay. " The. weakness in our handling of re peating offenders has caused vet- �5 OUR ALA RMIN G POLICE SHORTAGE eran law-e nforcement officers to of a nonparti sa n crime comm ittee. throw up their hands in despair," Mobili z ing public support, the comsays FBI Director J. Edgar H oover. mittee won an imm edi ate $rooo pay " Worse, it makes ou tsta nding you ng hik e for Cincinnati 's policemen, men reluctant to enter the law- with promises of m ore to come. enforcement profession at the ve ry Today, a bi t m ore than a year later, tim e their services are so gravely m orale is m eas urably improved. needed." Resig nations and retirements have A Major Commitment. Wh at can been slas hed by two thirds, and the we do to close the dangerous "police force is aga in attracting ambitious gap"? Two steps are clearl y called yo un g recru its. "We've got to unfor : dersta nd," says John Held, " that 1. We must pay th e police a Living yo u ca n't stop crim e wi th an underwage. James Ro ye r, father of two, ma nn ed police force whose morale resig ned from the C incinnati police has been broken." 2. T,Ve must provide th e police the department in the summer of 1966. "My ran k is that of police specialist," moral su pport they so desperately he wrote. "My sa la ry, after -nine need. Througho ut the countr y, poyea rs, is $7507- I have no union , no lice efforts to improve community g uild and ve ry few rig hts - civil or relation s have been undermined by otherwise. Our city perso nn el offi cer a co n cer t ed campa ig n of ab u se. classifies me as se mi-sk illed labor Commonest charge is that of "police my co llege degree, g raduate work, brutality." Yet a tas k force of the adva nced train ing and yea rs of pro- Pres id e nt 's Cr im e Co mmi ss ion, fess ional ex perience notwithstand- whi ch w itn essed 5339 " police-citi zen ing . Private industr y has offered m e encounters," during 850 eight-hour a substa ntia l sa lary increase and an patrols, fo und only 20 cases in which opportunity fo r advancem ent. I re- police were fe lt to have used ung ret that thi s co uld not be ac hieved necessa ry force. " Th at is a reco rd of as an employe of the people of Cin- . sa ti sfactory perfo rm ance in 99.63 percinn ati. " cent of the sa mple under stud y," Jim Royer was not a lone, as City says syndicated newspaper columCou nc ilm a n Jo hn E. H e ld w as ni st Jam es J. Kilpatrick. "What shocked to nnd . M any of the city's other occupa tion or profession boasts outstand ing poli cem en we re q uit- a better record ?" To counterbala nce the work of poting the force to acce pt hig her-paying jobs as g ua rd s, truck dri vers, lice-baiting grou ps, F red E . Inbau, sa lesmen. Crime was up sharp ly; the professor of crim inal law at Northnumber of offenses culmin ating in western University, recently formed a rrest was down 25 percent from a n organ iza tion ca lled A mericans the preceding yea r. for Effective L aw Enfo rcement "to H eld led the ng ht for the creatio n represent the law-abiding p ubli c and �THE READER:S DIGEST its embattled protectors." Enthusiastically supported by many of the country's top experts on crime and punishment, AELE will defend , among others, policemen it considers unjustly accused of brutality; draft m odel anti~crime statutes; and argue major cases in the nation's courts. Meanwhile, in Indi ana polis, a band of housewives has demonstrated that anyone may enlist in the battle for law and order. Stunned by the brutal slaying of a 90-year-old woman, a group of women residents initi ate d the Indian apo lis AntiCrime Crusade in March 1962. Since then, enlisti ng more than 60,000 women in its ranks, the Crusade has won badly needed pay hikes for the Indianapolis police, lobbied for effective anti-crime measures and sat in on more than 80,000 court cases to keep local judges on their toes. Its dogged efforts have helped to curb Indianapolis crime and have 6 won the kudos of the President's Crime Commission. The exodus of policemen can be stopped. Thousands of young men can be persuaded to make law enforcement their career. But it will require a major commitment from ordinary citizens across the land, not only in dollars but in spirit. As Rep. Joel T. Broyhill, of Virginia, has said, "In part because we, as ordinary citizens, have waited too long to fight back, a pol ice uniform today is the target for epithets and abuse. It is time to ask our decen t citizens for collective action; our public officials for more backbone; our courts for more reality. We must stop this nonsense not tomorrow, not next week, but today." Rep rints of this art icle arc available. Prices, postpaid to one add ress: 10 - 50¢; 50 - $2; 100 - $3 .50; 500 - $ 12.50; 1000 - $18 . Address Reprint Editor, The Readers Digest, Plcasamvillc, N.Y. 10570 REPRINTED FROM THE JANUARY 1968 ISSUE OF THE READER ' S DIGE ST ©1967 THE READER ' S DIGEST ASSOC I ATION , I NC., PLEASANTVILLE, N. Y. 10570 PRIN TED IN U.S.A. �
  • Tags: Box 12, Box 12 Folder 28, Folder topic: Police Department | 1967
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 12, Folder 28, Document 5

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_012_028_005.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 12, Folder 28, Document 5
  • Text: Mr .E r qn 9r Of fice G'.?. • �- -- - ~- -- Vo ·ri8 D r · ng 164 T") hode I c- "c1 t, v e. '•Ir, s .. in2:t0 . , D. C. 71T.rl. ~ !"_.J ·' !, • �
  • Tags: Box 12, Box 12 Folder 28, Folder topic: Police Department | 1967
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 12, Folder 28, Document 9

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_012_028_009.pdf
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  • Title: Box 12, Folder 28, Document 9
  • Text: Mayor Ivan Allen City Hall As t he parents of the c hildren at Warren. Jaekson School, we feel t ha t it is necessary for t!heir safety tha t a polie e woman ·-lYe ·stat ioned on Mt. Paran Road to assist them in crossi ng o We feel that economy is not a factor where t he safety of our children i s involved o ..... ... • w �
  • Tags: Box 12, Box 12 Folder 28, Folder topic: Police Department | 1967
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 12, Folder 28, Document 14

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_012_028_014.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
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  • Title: Box 12, Folder 28, Document 14
  • Text: JULY 1967 LAW ENFORCEMENT BULLETIN r7 therefore believe it is my duty to my country to love it, to support its constitution, to obey its laws, to respect its flag, and to defend it against all enemies. • JJ WILLIAM TYLER PAGE FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION JD EDGAR HOOVER, DIRECTOR UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE �JULY 1967 VOL. 36 NO. 7 ..,_ ...... . __ ·-· ·----·-* " ... ._ ,__,...,,....,, , ,__,, _CTGO ,_ -·- THE COV ER- Patriotism and respect /o r the fi ag. S ee Mr. Hoove r's message on page 1. -- LAW ENFORCEMENT BULLETIN CONTENTS Message From Director]. Edgar Hoover . 1 An American Policeman in England, by Lt. R obert C. Mitchell, Multnomah County Department of Public Safety, Portland, Oreg. 2 Search of Motor Vehicles (Part V) 7 Seeing More While Looking Less, by C. Alex Pantaleoni, Coordinator of Police Science, Rio Hondo Junior College, Santa Fe Springs, Calif. . 9 A Public Safety Cruiser, by Warren Dodson, Chief of Police, Abilene, Tex. 12 The Silent Witness 17 FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION Wanted by the FBI 24 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE Tribute to Peace Officers Published by the Washington, D.C. 20535 ( inside back cover) �CAN THERE BE ANY ACT more sickening and revolting than a crowd of so-called citizens desecrating and burning their country's flag? Those who resort to such moronic behavior are surely lost in the depths of depravity. Obviously, their first loyalty is not to the United States. emphasized and excluded from several phases of our life. Many educators and other leaders seem to feel it is no longer necessary for boys and girls to be concerned with how our country came into being, what it stands for, and the courageous and noble deeds of our forefathers to preserve it. True, our Nation is founded on concepts and principles which encourage dissent and opposition. These are traditions we must always defend and support. But touching a torch to the flag far exceeds reasonable protest. It is a shameful act which serves no purpose but to encourage those who want our country to erupt in violence and destruction. Conditions are now such in some circles that an individual who professes love of his country, reverence for its flag, and belief in the principles which make our Nation great is considered a yokel. Open aversion to patriotism of any form is increasing. Even some news media take a "tongue-in-cheek" approach to persons and groups which promote and pa1iicipate in patriotic endeavors. Love of one's country is treated as some kind of social disease to be tolerated, if not stamped out. Protests are made that too much patriotism leads to international conflict. I submit that the United States will never have anything to fear from its ardent and genuinely patriotic citizens. On this 191st anniversary of the Declaration of Independence, we might ask what causes unpatriotic outbursts and irrational protests. Why do people turn against their native land and openly support totalitarian forces whose goal is to enslave the world- forces which do not even allow token opposition from their subjects ? Why do some individuals refuse to serve and defend their country? Why do they burn their draft cards and their flag? There may be many reasons for such action, but I am fully convinced that dying patriotism is one major cause. Love of country is being de- JULY 1, 1967 American history proves that freedom and liberty come at high prices and that their upkeep is costly and time-consuming. As Daniel Webster so aptly put it, " God grants libe1iy only to those who love it and are always ready to guard and defend it. Let our object be our country . . . "-not our country the object of desecration and abuse. �An American Policeman • 1n England Lt. ROBERT C. MITCHELL Multnomah County Departmen t of Public Safety, Portland, Oreg. Lightweight motorcycles are used to patrol extensive rural beats. An American police officer, for a period of 6 months, exchanged home, car, and job with his English counterpart in an experiment in the observation of police work in a foreign country. �Law Enforcement Foreign Exchange Experiment 0 n April 1, 1966, I began a 6month tour of duty with the Lancashire Constabulary, England's second largest police force. At the same time, Chief Insp. John P. Kennard, of the Lancashire force, was assigned to the Multnomah County Sheriff's Office, Portland, Oreg., to study our organization and methods. To the best of our knowledge, this was the first direct exchange of police personnel between an American and a foreign police agency. I t should not be the last. The exchange was total in that we traded houses and a utomobiles as well as jobs during this period . Personal problems arose almost immediately, b ut none were beyond solution. For example, both of our insurance companies had to be contacted and their feelings determined as to continued insurance coverage on the automobiles. Chief Inspector Kennard I fo und that the fir ms with which we dealt were fascinated by the idea of the exchange and were more than glad to give us their full cooperation. My own children are grown, but Chief Inspector and Mrs. Kennard were bringing their two daughters, Paula, age 3, and Alison, age 9, to the United States. Our local elementary school was delighted with the idea of enrolling Alison for the balance of the school term. House payments and the forwarding of pay were left in the competent hands . of the assistant cashier of our bank. Advantages of Venture There are tremendous advantages, both personal and professional, for the police officer chosen to participate in such a venture. The exposure to different concepts, tools, techniques, and training methods is bound to create a thirst for further knowledge. The exchange certainly changed any_preconceived ideas of ours about the " typical" Englishman. We had prnbably seen too many motion pie- tures depicting stereotyped roles of the English and heard too many jokes about their lack of a sense of humor. We found a warmhearted, generous, and hospitable people with a sense of humor as keen as our own. There are differences in living conditions, monetary systems, and many of the things which we take for granted in -t he United States. We found no real difficulty in adapting to these differences. Housing, or a housing allowance, is provided for the British policeman by his force. Thus we found ourselves housed in one of a row of nine police houses. They were more or less identical, of standard brick construction, and heated by coal fireplaces. Our neighbors were policemen and their families. Some of the friendships formed with our neighbors will last a lifetime. I believe that living under these conditions proved the necessity of a n Chief Supt. William Little (right), uN" Division (Ashton-Unde r-Lyne ), and Lie ute nant Mitche ll. a'~a July 1967 3 �and as a result we both found ourselves being invited to speak to various civic organizations. It is our hope that we left a good impression of Americans with those organizations. The Unarmed Police Lieutena nt Mitchell chats with offi cers in the communications section, a vita l public service in all police departments. officer involved in such an exchange being accompanied by his wife a nd famil y. It would have been difficult, if not impossible, fo r a single man to have fitted in with the fa mily atmosphere of this police community. Scope o f the Exchange Inasmuch as this was to be a new experience, neither my sheriff nor I was in a position to know just what we should consider as the scope of the experiment. I was given specific a reas to study : The penal system, the use of the summons as opposed to physical arrest, and the relationship of the British police with the public they serve. Beyond these three points, I was given a free hand to delve into anything I felt would be of value to us. Chief Constable Col. T. Eric St. Johnston was on a world tour at the time of my arrival, but he had left instructions that I was not to be " desk bound" but was to be left ver y much as a free agent to come and go as I 4 saw fit. Visits had been scheduled for me with police fo rces in England, Scotland, Northern Ireland, and the Isle of Man. Although b ased at Lancashire Constabular y Headquarters, I visited each of its 18 divisions as well as 15 other police forces, In every case I was given any information I requested, shown anything I wished to see, and given free access to anything I fo und of interest. Each fo rce visited had ar ranged both professional and social engagements which they felt would be of value and interest to both Mrs. Mitchell and me. As a result, we h ad access to ma ny places and activities that no tourist would ever have. Thro ugh these programs we were able to broaden our outlook far beyond the confines of the police service. Being cast in the role of an ambassador of good will came as something of a surprise, but both my wife and I fo und ourselves placed in this position. P ress and television coverage of the exchange was quite extensive, After 22 years of close association with a sidearm, it was both pleasant and disconcerting to find myself work ing with policemen who neither use firearms nor care to use them. This, of course, was the first difference to be encountered in our two police systems and was the one on which I was most often questioned. The arming of the British police became the subj ect of a great deal of public controversy when Detective Sgt. Chris Head and P olice Constables Geoffrey F ox and David W ombwell were slain in London on August 12, 1966. Oddly enough, the police were not nearly as enthusiastic about being armed as the public was about a rming them. In my opinion the answer to this problem may lie in stiffer prison sentences for those criminals wh o use a gun against an unarmed society and unarmed police fo rces. The British policeman has spent nearly 150 years in building the tradition of keeping the peace without the use of firearms. This is a tradition which should be kept as long as it is possible to do so. I t would be h ighly improper if I were to create the impression that the police are completely inept in the use of firearms. Every force has a num ber of men trained in the use of weapons, and the equipment i available for issue when it is needed . Standard ization The British police enjoy a standardization of many elements of the police service that may not be attainable in the United States. P a y scales are the same in all E ngli h forces, with the exception of London, which FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin �allows a cost-of-living adjustment. Entrance requirements may vary slightly from force to force, but conditions of service are the same in all forces. This standardization is also found in training, uniforms, and retirement benefits. It would appear that the key to standardization is the 50 percent grant from the national treasury of the annual budget of each police force. Every force is inspected annually by one of Her Majesty's Inspectors of Constabulary. His report, indicating that the force is up to standards, determines whether the grant will be allo wed. Although placin g chief constables in a ver y advantageous position when presenting the p olice budget to their local authority, this system does place the national government squarely in the local police picture. Any suggestions presented to the chief constables by the Home Secretary will usually be implemented. Without a doubt, this is the major factor in achieving the uniformity which I found so impressive. Training Program The value of standardization is most apparent in the training program. England is divided into eight geographic police districts, each with a district training center. Recruits from every force in the district train together and take the same 13-week basic training course. This concept of training is possible where criminal law is national in scope rather than regional, as in our own State statutes. Women police constables in patrol cars undertake the same duties as the men but especially concern themselves with cases involving women and children. The police car is white so that it can be readily identified as a police vehicle. Training does not stop at the recruit level. Inservice training is carried out within the forces, · and refresher courses are offered at the district trammg center. Specialized courses are frequently given in the larger forces with vacancies in the class held open for officers from surrounding forces. One of the more interesting inservice training courses is the refresher course for sergeants of the Lancashire Constabulary. It is based on a concept of three R's: 1. Relax-by virtu e of short hours, no pres- sure, and long weekends. 2. Refre sh- the officer's kn owl edge of th e latest laws and court decisions. 3. Ren ew- the officer's enthusiasm for his job, the department, and th e future. Supt. Walter Butterworth, now retired, assured me that the relaxed atmosphere, the roundtable conference approach to teaching, a nd the complete lack of pressure do send the men back to their posts with a far better outlook on their job. The Police College at Bramshill is the seat of higher education for the whole of the English police service. The 6-month Senior Staff Course trains officers of the rank of inspector and above to assume the highest posts in the police service. The Intermediate Command Course, lasting 3 months, is designed to train inspectors and chief inspectors in the responsibilities of posts held by superintendents and chief superintendents. Sergeants and newly promoted inspectors attend the 6-m onth " A" Course to prepare them for the duties of inspector and chi ef inspector. The Special Course impressed me with the potenti al of hav in g tremendous impact on the British police service of the future. Young offi cers of outstanding pro mise, wh o have passed hi gh ) n pro motio nal examinations, are assig ned to this 1-year course under a q uota system. They are given the temporar y ra nk of sergeant 5 �for the duration of the course, the rank being made permanent after the successful conclusion of their studies. There are a number of scholarships available for the outstanding officers in the class to continue on to university studies. I would hope that the P olice College program could be expanded to accommodate far more students. The coll~ge graduated 448* men and women in 1965 from a total authorized police strength of about 95,000. Crime prevention and public relations are sometimes treated as sepa- On the day I inspected this installation, police were keeping a parking lot and a city street with a high crime rate under surveillance. Any suspicious activity was reported to plainclothes officers on the ground who immediately investigated !he situation. In addition to setting up many good arrests, this system appears to keep many of the thieves · off balance, as they are never quite sure where the television will be installed next. With the cooperation of BBC and the independent television stations, the police sponsor regional programs Officer and police dog patrol a children's playground at Kirkby near Liverpool . rate fun ctions, but to me they appear to interlock to such an extent that it is difficult to tell where one stops and the other begins. Most of the forces I visited had assigned offi cers to the crime prevention detail on a full-tim e basis, and these men were very devoted to the program. In addition to the expected posters, pamphlets, and personal contacts with business people, I found two techniques th at were of great interest. The Liverpool City P olice have mounted mo vable television cameras atop one of the do wntown buildings. R eport o f H er i\ laj cs ty·s Ch ief Ins pec tor o f Co n stnbu lnry for th e Year, ] 965 (Lond on: Her Majes ty' s Sta ti onery Office, 1966), p. 33 . 6 with such titles as " P olice File" and " P olice Five." These programs are on the air during prime time in the evening, and public reception and reaction are excellent. The usual fo rmat might show a photograph of a wanted man, a certain type of vehicle the police are looking fo r , a list of stolen items, and a missing person . " Police File" is aired at 7 p.m. on Frida y over Granada TV. The ro ugh scri pt is written by the Manchester City P olice public relations offi cer and is then poli shed by television script writers under his supervision. T his is not an attempt at censorship or co ntrol by the television people, but is designed to convert the script from police language to television language. Forty-eight police forces in the Granada viewing area contribute to the program through the Manchester Police. Displays Also of particular interest and value are large assortments of locks and security devices displayed by most crime prevention officers and · provided through the courtesy of the manufacturers of such hardware. Many officers pointed out that the businessman should be invited to the police station to view these displays privately. There was a strong suspicion that the local burglars would enjoy attending any public display of such security devices. During my tour in England, I had the pleasure of visiting the following police departments: Lancashire Constabulary, P reston Borough P olice, Ro yal Ulster Constabulary, Liverpool City P olice, Isle of Man Con stabular y, Manchester City Police, Birmingham City P olice, Coventry City P olice, Stockport Borough Po lice, Blackpool Boro ugh Police, City of London P olice, London Metrop olitan Police, Southport Boro ugh P olice, Edinb urgh City P olice, Glasgow City Police, and Durham Constabulary. The British Police m an I have touched briefl y on a few of the many facets of the British police service. I should like to generalize a bit and attempt to describe the Br itish policeman . He is a first-rate police officer by the standar ds of any p olice agency known to me. He is gro3sly underpaid when one weighs his respo~sibilities against those of men employed by British industry. He perfo rms the deeds of valor which a re expected of policemen everywhere. The 1965 report of Her Majesty's ( Continued on page 16) FBI Law Enforcement Bull eti n �Search of Motor Vehicles This is the fifth of a series of articles discussing the Fecleral law on search of motor vehicles. VI. Consent Searches The constitutional p r o t e ct i o n against unreasonable searches and seizures provided by the fourth amendment can be waived by the express consent of the person whose· property is to be searched. On Lee v. U.S., 343 U.S. 74-7 (1952 ) . Because of the obvious advantages it offers over the search by warrant or incidental to arrest, the consent search has become a popular method of sec uring evidence from suspected offenders. Where properly obtained from the party in interest, it _avoids the requirements of probable cause and particularity of description necessary to a valid warrant. And since it need not be tied to an arrest, the contemporaneo us factors of time and place associated with the incidental search are also inapplicable. But it is precisely because thi s technique circumvents these traditi onal safeguards of privacy that consent searches are looked upon with disfavor by the courts. When one consents to a search of his automobile, it is said that he waives any constitutional right of privacy he might otherwise en joy over the vehicle or any property contained therein. And as in all situations involving a waiver of fundamental constitutional rights, it can be expected that the pr,osccution will have to meet a hi gh standard of proof. Johnson v. Zerbst, 304 U.S. 458 ( 1938) . In general, the limitations set on consent searches are the same considerations that have been employed in the past in determining the voluntariness of confessions. Thus the courts have held that consent must be given in circum263-817 0 - 67- - 2 stances free of "d uress or coercion," that it be " knowingly and intelligently:' given, and that it be stated in a "clear and unequivocal" manner. Because these determinations generally involve inquiries into the subjective state of mind of the suspect, the officer, or both, they present practical difficulties in judicial supervision which more often than not are resolved in favor of the criminally accused. A. Duress or Coercion Applicability of the fourth amendment guaranty of immunity from unreasonable searches or seizures is not dependent upon any affirmative assertion by the private citizen. U.S. v. Rembert, 284. F. 996, 998 (1922); Dacle v. State, 188 Okla. 677, 112 P. 2d 1102 (1941) . To hold otherwise would require the individual to make the difficult choice either of challengin g the officer's authority, perhaps by force, or waiving his constitutional rights through inaction. I bicl. Thus, in many cases where a consensual situation is in issue, there is no overt indication that the person voiced objection or otherwise contested the search. The courts must therefore look to the surrounding circumstances to determine whether or not the purported consent was induced by pressure or coercion. Peaceful submission under such circumstances is not consent but simply acquiescence to higher authority and cannot lawfully support a search without a warrant. U.S. v. Rembert, supra; Johnson v. U.S., 333 U.S. 10 (194-8) ; Amos v. U.S. , 255 U.S. 313 (1921). There is, of course, no easy yardstick by which to measure the degree 7 �of coercion or duress necessary to vitiate an expressed consent, for this must depend upon the characteristic facts of each case. Nonetheless, it is possible to identify several factors which generally influence the courts in making this determination. It has been held, for example, that the attitude and conduct of the advising officer are an important consideration, particularly where they might indicate that he had intended to search in any event. If he states peremptorily, "Open the glove compartment," or "I want to look in the trunk of your car," it is likely that this will be viewed as coercive. The courts have also pointed to such factors as undue emphasis on authority and even an aggressive manner as being sufficient to invalidate consent. U.S. v. Kelih, 272 Fed. 484 (1922). Similarly, the time of night, U.S. v. Roberts, 179 F. Supp. 478 (1959), number of officers seeking consent, U.S. v. Alberti, 120 F. Supp. 171 ( 1954,) , display of weapons or other symbols of authority, U.S. v. Marquette, 271 Fed. 120 (1920), or presence of the suspect's family during questioning, Catalanotte v. U.S., 208 F. 2d 264, (1953) , all tend to create a strong implication of CO· ercion. It is important therefore that the police avoid use of demanding words or gestures or any comment which might be construed to mean that the subj ect has no ch oice but to allow a search. This issue often arises when an officer threatens to procure a search war rant if consent is not given. It has been held by some courts that permission given under these circumstances is a mere submission to a uthority and that the individual yields his rights only because he feels there is no reasonable alternative but to consent. U.S. v. Baldacci, 42 F. 2d 567 (1930); U.S . v. Dix on, 117 F. Supp. 925 (194-9) ; see also, Weecl v. U.S., 340 F. 2d 827 (1965 ). On the other hand, it is arguable 8 that knowledge that one cannot lawfully prevent a search indefinitely may enable him to make a more intelligent decision as to whether and how much he will cooperate. It is not required, of course, that the individual desire a search be made of his property, but only that he make a free and voluntary choice on the matter. Accordingly, some cases hold that where the officer in good faith informs a party of the likelihood that a ~varrant will be issued, he does no more than advise the _suspect of the legal alternatives confronting him, and, i"n the absence of any aggravating circumstances, this factor alone will not invalidate the consent. Simmons v. Bomar, 230 F. Supp. 226 (1964) . This line of reasoning is implicit in Hamilton v. State of North Carolina, 290 F. Supp. 632 (1966 ) , wh ere po· lice, alerted to a recent safe robber y, arrested the defendant near his automobile. The arresting officer asked for permission to search the car, stating that he did not have a warrant with him but could get one if necessar y. The defendant replied, "There is no need of that. You can search the car ." He then handed the keys to the officer who searched the vehicle and found a pistol. In denying a petition for habeas corpus, the Federal district court ruled, " The fact that the officer told [the defendant] that he did not have a search warrant but that he could get one is immaterial." Citing an earlier appellate decision, the court stated, " a defendant cannot assert the illegality of a search made with his consent, though given in response to a threat to procure a search warrant." !cl. at 635. See, Gatterdam v. U.S. , 5 F. 2d 673 ( 1925 ); K ershner v. Boles, 212 F. Supp. 9 ( 1963 ), modified and aff'd, Boles v. Kershner, 320 F. 2d 284, ( 1963) . There is common agreement, however, that if the consent is obtained through fra ud, deception, or misrepresentation regard- mg either the officer's authority or intention to secure a formal warrant, the search will be invalid. Bolger v. U.S., 189 F. Supp. 237 (1960 ) , a:ff'd 293 F. 2d 368, rev'd on other grounds, 371 U.S. 392 ( 1963 ) ; Pekar v. U.S., 315 F. 2d 319 (1965 ) ;U.S. v. Wallace, 160 F. Supp. 859 (1958) . One of the more troublesome issues of consent arises when permission to conduct a warrantless search is obtained from one who is under arrest or otherwise subj ected to official restraint. Since intimidation and duress are necessarily implicit in such situations, it is especially difficult for the prosecution to convince the court that the waiver was given free from negating pressure or ·c oercion. U.S. v. Wallace, 160 F. Supp. 859 (1958 ) . But while some courts consistently view consent given b y one in police custody as invalid, Judd v. U.S., 190 F . 2d 649 (D.C. Cir . 1951 ), most Federal courts will inquire into the total circumstances of the case. Burke v. U.S. 328 F. 2d 399 (1st Cir.) , cert. denied, 379 U.S. 84.9 ( 1964); U.S . v. Paradise, 253 F . 2d 319 (2d Cir. ) (1958 ) ; U.S. v. Perez, 242 F . 2d 867 (2d Cir. ), cert. denied, 354, U .S. 941 ( 1957 ) ; Gendron v. U.S ., 227 F. Supp. 182 (1964,) ; Kershner v. Boles, supra; Hamilton v. State of No rth Carolina, supra. On the other hand, where condi tions of the restraint indicate a high probability of intimidation, consent by the person in custody will usually be invalid. This is often the result when a display of firea rms or other open show of force is made during the course of the arrest. Thus, in one case police officers, exhibiting drawn pistols and riot gun, stopped the defendant's veh icle an d placed the occupants under arrest fo r vagrancy a nd auto theft. One of the offi cers asked the defendan t, Weed, about a vehicle parked approximately one and onehalf blocks a way from the scene of ( Continued on page 20) FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin �A New Application of an Established Technique- Less [seeing I Looking More While Law enforcement officials are constantly seeking new and productive means to solve old and persistent problems. Rapid technological advances mark the pattern of growth of today's police forces, but sometimes a new and modified application of an old method proves highly effective. Such is the case with the proposal presented in 1964 to the California Peace Officer's Training Division by the California Optometric Association. In charge of the research proposal was Dr. Arthur Heinsen of San Jose. In 1964 vision science as applied to law enforcement was a new application of an already known and established training technique. During World War II many courses were developed for aircraft spotters and other military personnel receiving tachistoscopic training. Such a course conJuly 1967 sisted of Hashing silhouettes of various aircraft, naval vessels, and other military equipment on a screen for a fraction of a second. With speedy identification as their ultimate goal, the military was very successful with this type of training. However, after the war, the consequent reduction of a constant need created obsolescence for the tachistoscopic training. With an official of the California State Department of Education, Dr. Heinsen and I explored the feasibility of a pifot research study to present a new application of the tachistoscopic tramm g. Our final project involved the development of an optometric program applicable to law enforcement personnel and suitable for possible incorporation by the department of education into a teaching manual. The manual would then be available to local law enforcement agencies C. ALEX PANTALEON!* Coordinator of Polic-e S·cience, Rio Hondo Junior College, Santa Fe Springs, Calif. M r. P an taleoni recei ced his Bachelo r of A rts t11l d Maste r of S ci ence degrees from California Sta t e College and has done additional gradu at e work nt U.C .L.A. and the Unive rsity of Washington. 9 �which would be able to conduct their own local program. The necessary funds for the pr oj ect were made possible by a contract grant from the department of education to the California Optometric Association to develop and prepare a teaching syllabus that included equipment, supplies, and training aids. Early in the development of the program, it became increasingly evident that at least one complete course would have to be offered prior to completion of a syllabus worthy of distribution. Accordingly, the Rio Hondo Junior College participated in a National Defense Education Act grant which provided matching funds for the cost of initiating this type of pilot program. Three-Part Program The theor y of vision was the first a rea wherein the optometrist could apply already established and known training procedures. Already in use and available for application to this program was a basic slide series prepared by Dr. Ralph Schrock of Chula Vista. This excellent slide series was used in the beginning phases of train. ing with the tach istoscope. The use of symbols, such as numbers, letters, and geometric configurations, applies training techniques similar to those currently used in speedreading. This method begins by h aving the students view one digit for a fraction of a second and thereafter three, four, five, and more digits. This allows the students to develop their perception and " after-image recall" so that they perceive more in a given time period. As a second step, the motivation fo r police officer personnel required the use of numerous law enforcement "s~enes," which were prepared in cooperation with the Los Angeles P olice Department and the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department. As a one-man patrol unit, an officer remains extremely busy while driving 25 miles an h our on routine patrol, operating his radio, and referring to a list of stolen cars. When he passes an alley, he has but a fraction of a second to glance down it and determine whether any police action is needed. Frequently, he is already past the alley at the time of his mental reconstruction of the perceptual "after image." T his was only one of the many areas that were developed to orient the program toward law enforcement. Students in the program use p eriph e ral s timulators to increase more accurate fi xa tions. The initial phase of letters and numbers rendered itself very naturally to the speedy identification and recognition of license plate numbers. After the initial slide series, numerous license plates were flashed on the screen and, thereafter, pictures of autom obiles were placed on the screen to simulate various driving conditions which might be encountered by the patrol officer. The third phase involved actual eye training, using specialized equipment developed by Dr . Schrock in cooperation with the Keystone View Co. The first pilot program was ready and offered on a test basis in the spring semester of 1965 at Rio Hondo Junior College. The course was designed to cover 30 h ours on the basis of a 2-hour class twice a week. However , the initial pilot course was for 34, h ours, with the additional h ours at the beginning a nd end devoted completely to testing. T his comprehensive testing si:rved to properly evaluate the total project and was not merely a part of the traihing program. T esting With a Control Group Twenty-six students from 14 different law enforcement agencies started the program. A group of 25 officers from the Los Angeles P olice Department's cadet class was chosen as the control group. Accordingly, both groups were tested with tachistoscopic slides and a series of timed tests developed by the Califo rnia Test Bureau. The parts of the multiple aptitude tests that were used were : ( 1 ) Factor II: P erceptual Speed: Test 3-Language Usage. Test 4--Routine Clerical Facility. (2) F actor IV : Spatial Visualization. Test 8-Spatial Relations, two dimension. Test 9- Spatial Relations, three dimension. FBI Law Enforcemen t Bulleti n �The group scheduled to undergo the training was further tested for peripheral vision and possible vision deficiencies. Two of the students needed glasses, but they were allowed to continue the program and their improvement was measured accordingly. Because of its initial testing and its research problems, the pilot course was conducted by local optometrists, Dr. Homer Hendrickson and Dr. Luprelle Williams. These two optometrists studied , reevaluated, and rewrote the course as it progressed. In short, the course consisted of three basic phases for each session. The first phase involved vision theory, which explained the functions of vision memory and the various structures which permit vision . The second phase of instruction revolved around tachistoscopic training, using the basic law enforcement slide series. The third pha3e involved actual exercise and development of vision skills throu gh use of optometric equipment developed by Keystone Co. The vision science kits included stereoscopes, plus and minus lenses, peripheral stimulators, and chiro-3copic drawings as well as manuals on their use. Two students used a kit on a "coach-buddy" system. It should be noted that the kits cost $125 each and refill consumable supplies for each kit cost $25. At the completion of the course, both gro ups we re again tested. Comparison of the two sets of tests provided an evaluative basis inasmuch as the Los Angeles P olice Department cadets had been given no specialized visual training. The results were evalu ated by Dr. Melvin H. Dunn , an analytical psychologist and chairman of special services education at the University of Nevada, Reno, Nev. His complete report confirms that there was a high degree of improvement on the part of the trainin g program g ro up. Definite improvement was achieved in speed and adjustment of July 1967 <· .s; .t. .r. ·> ¢:- ~ ¢ -~ !,~ h','I ' S \tf!tJ&. \\'t.S!tOS ., Students improve the visual ability of their eyes to converge accurately and quickly at various distances. fo cus, span of perception, and "afterimage recall." In addition , Dr. Dunn's report indicates the training was more beneficial for yo unger students than it was for older students. There also appeared to be a correlation between I.Q. and vision ability. The self-evaluation reports prepared by the sudents indicated certain unexpected benefits. One student stated he was an avid golfer and that the course had taken five or six strokes off hi s handicap because he was able to judge distances more accurately. Another student who played in a semiprofessional softball league indicated his batting average had improved over 20 percent. Additional Studies Followup 3tudies made 6 months later indicated a reduction in proficiency. The optometrists felt that this loss could be reduced to a negligible percentage if the trained officers were assigned to patrol functions exclusively after their training. This procedure might help the officers maintain their acuity through prac- tice. The expected net result of the officer's maintenance of his improved visual acuity is the reality of a "foureyed" one-man patrol unit. The coune, taught by Dr. Williams, was again offered by the college in the spring of 1966, at which time several preservice police science students were also enrolled. The improvement noted after the course was very similar to that in the pilot pro gram; however, the improvement was much greater in the younger students between the ages of 19 and 22, thereby suggesting that this training be conducted for recruits rather than for older officers. The college is offering the course again this year. The California State Department ·o f Education is proceedin g with the production of the teaching syllabus as well as conducting programs throughout the State. Dr. Williams is most satisfied with the results of the program and feels very strongly that this course can be presented throughout the country if it is taught by an optometrist who is familiar with the program. Rio Hondo Junior College has added this course to its vast police curriculum. 11 �A Public Safety Cruiser l WARREN DODSON Th e A bilene sa fety cruisers have the necessary equipment for any emergency. Chief of Police, Abilene, Tex. Abilene to the public safety cruiser which was inaugurated in February of 1963. Since then its sound in emergency situations has become a source of comfort and solace to many of Abilene's citizens. Purpose of Cruiser "D ogs were once content to howl at train whistles, fire trucks, and Civil Defense sirens. Now they have another electronic tormentor. It's the 'yelper' on the Abilene Police Department's new public safety cruiser. Every time the powerful wagon roars off to the scene of a bad wreck or other emergency, the dogs join in the chorus." This excerpt from an article which appeared in the Abilene Reporter News shows the immediate reaction of 12 FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin Capable of performing a multitude of tasks relating to public welfare and safety, our public safety cruiser is a multipurpose police unit designed and equipped to render service and protection for citizens while aiding in the enforcement of laws. As a police unit, public safety officers are responsible for the enforcement of all laws of the State of Texas and the city of Abilene. They respond to all calls of the police dispatcher just as any other police unit. The safety cruiser is assigned to a district to patrol with due regard for the enforcement of all laws including those pertaining specifically to traffic. However, as a specialty unit, it is not assigned to investigate traffic accidents, handle domestic problems, or transport prisoners. Likewise, it July 1967 is not required to respond to calls involving misdemeanors~ unless the call is an emergency. As a public safety unit, it responds to all major accidents where persons are injured for the purposes of rendering first aid, releasing trapped persons, and preventing fire. The cruiser responds to all calls of an emergency nature, such as drowning cases in which they use scuba diving equipment to dive, locate, and recover the victims and render what first aid is possible. When the fire department arrives on the scene with its equipment for dragging, etc., the public safety officers assist as directed by commanding officers of the fire or police department. The unit also responds to any call concerning unconscious or seriously injured people, _ like those suffering from heat exhaustion, strokes, poisoning, asphyxiation, electrical shock, or heart attack. The unit frees trapped persons and removes and destroys the explosive in cases involving an explosion or explosive material. Under normal circumstances, this unit does not respond to calls involving gunshot or knife wounds unless so directed and then op.ly to render what first aid is needed at the scene or to act as a backup unit. As a fire patrol unit, the . public safety cruiser responds to all fire alarms and upon arrival extinguishes all small fires that can be controlled with a hand extinguisher, if the fire department unit has not arrived. At all major fires, the public safety officers are under the immediate control of the fire department supervisors and carry out their orders immediately to the best of their abilities. While on patrol, our officers always watch for fire hazards and notify the fire department of any encountered. The public safety cruiser never, under any circumstances, operates as an ambulance. However, in many cases the assistance of the public safety officers is needed by the ambulance attendant. In such cases, one of our officers ( the cruiser is a two-man unit) will accompany the victim in the ambulance to the hospital and will render aid and assistance if necessary. The public safety cruiser is not a rescue unit per se, nor is it an ambulance, but it is basically a police 13 �unit fully equipped to handle all types of emergencies. Services Rendered "Send the safety cruiser" has become the most common request at the Abilene Police Department. In ali emergencies, both large and small, our citizens have come to rely on the se.rvices rendered by the cruiser. Many of the calls are humorous (such as, " My cat is caught in the air conditioner"), but others are tragic and often fraught with danger for our safety officers. Recently, on an attempted suicide -call, the person threatenino- suicide was located in a garage, . o H holding a razor to his wrist. . e refused to lay the razor down. One of the safety officers calmly talked to the disturbed person and grabbed the razor away from his wrist while the other officers assisted in restraining the individual. During the first 14 months, the cruiser made 740 emergency calls. Out of this total number of calls, emergency oxygen was administered to 83 people. Man y of these first calls involved life- or-death situations. \ Record of Service In the 3½ years that the cruiser has been in existence, we have a record of first aid bein g administered 983 times. The resuscitator has been used 294 times, the scuba diving equipment 9 times, and the fire extinguishers 79 times. The safety officers have administered a rtificial respiration 18 times and assisted in sav ing 20 persons wh o had attempted suicide. Th ey also performed ma ny min or services, such as in cases involvin g citizens who had locked themselves out of their cars or homes, fin gers ca uo-ht in a utomati c electri cal kitchen 0 appli ances, ca rs with dead batteri es, etc. 14 One phase of training given by our local physicians has come in handy a number of times-how to deliver a baby. Incidentally, the first baby delivered by our public safety officers was 1 year to the day from the time they began their duties. Since that time a number of Abilene's "young o-eneration" has arrived with the aso sistance of the safety officers. In one case the parents honored the officers by naming the new arrival after them. Last year, during the national scare that dolls shipped home to loved ones by servicemen in Vietnam might be booby trapped, these officers, who are thoroughly trained in the handling of explosives, checked more than 500 of these dolls. However, they found none containing explosives. SCUBA Gear The SCUBA diving gear ha.:5 been a real asset to our police department as well as to the public. In some cases, the public safety officers have retrieved discarded evidence from one of the three large lakes nea r Abilene. In cases involving a possible drownin O' rr one officer begins dressing for divinoen route to the scene and is 0 ready to don the underwater breathing apparatus when he arrives. In one such incident where a double drowning was reported at Lake For:t Phantom Hill, both bodies were recovered within 5 minutes after our cruiser arrived at the scene of the emergency. While the diver goes into the water, his partner maintains the safety line and has the resuscitator read y to administer oxygen when th e victims are located. The most co mmon treatment given by the offi cers is to apply a medical swab to a cut or laceration a nd an anti septic bandage while awaitin g the ambulance at the scene. They apply an air splint to broken limbs q uite often also. Thi s p rocedure is of grea t assistan ce to the hospital because it allows them to make an X-ray without removing the splint. Emergency Procedure Since it stays in-service at all times, the cruiser seldom is preceded to the scene of an emergency by an ambulance. Because it is on call for emergencies, both officers are never out of the cruiser at once except at the scene of an emergency. This policy is also true in cases where the public safety officer is writing a traffic citation. If, in an y case, the officers have to be out of the car at the same time, they are able to switch their radio to a public address system which enables them to hear all calls from the dispatcher. After making an emergency run , they call the station and are switched onto a dictating machine to record a report of their run. This is then typed by a clerk typist and placed in a file. Conception of th e Unit We conceived the idea for a public safety unit after the drowning of two youths in a creek which flows th ro ugh Abilene's city limits. We were the first called to the scene of this tragic occurrence, but when the drownings were established, the fire department with their boats and rescue equipment had to be called because we did not have the necessary training or prope r eq ui pment to retrieve the victims. A short time a fter this, on a dark rainy night, an a utomobile crashed into a utility pole causing a high voltage line to come p recariously close to the vehicle. There was some diffi culty getting the occupa nts of the car to remain in the car until the utility co mpany co uld be summoned to remove the live wire. The many spectators who were attracted to this incident were in jeopardy of coming in FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin �The unit' s portable oxygen kit has b een used to save several lives. contact with the high voltage wire which hung close to the gro und . Some of these individuals stooped t o go under this wire before ou r officers at the scene could move them back to a safe distance. After this tragic incident and near catastrophic occurrence, we began to plan and resea rch for a police unit which wo uld be trained to cope with all types of emergency and rescue work. After discussing our ideas abo ut the safe ty unit, we assigned senior staff officer Capt. L. A. Martin to head the planning a nd research. We contacted the director of civil defense and obtained hi s opinion as to what type of emergency gear would be needed to eq uip the unit. Next, we called the fi re chi ef for con sultation and considered his recommendations. Then we invited the local chapter of the Ameri can Red Cross to assist in the train ing of each officer assigned to the safety unit in advanced first aid co urses. We contacted the local medical society, and they agreed to appoint a committee to serve in an advisory July 1967 capacity as well as. to assist m the training of the officer s. After months of a rdent research , the plans were fin ally fo rmulated and presented to the city governmen t. They were hesistant at fi rst to approve such a project mainl y beca use of the expense of such a unit. However, when they were presented all the fac ts of the value of its services, they gave us the authority to proceed wi th our plans. After m uch consideration , we chose a fo ur -doo r stati on wagon as the vehicle for th is unit. I ts equipment included spotlights, large revolving red lights, a nd an electronic siren and public address system to iden tify it as an emergency vehicle. Selection and Training of P e rsonnel The men operating and maintaining the public safe ty cruiser are all vo lunteers carefull y screened on the basis of their experience, aptitu de, a nd mental and ph ysical abilities. A committee comp osed of train ing office rs fr om both the fi re and police departments, plus the city's personnel director and assistant city manager, screens the volunteers before they receive joint approval by the chiefs ·of both departments. The fire department conducted the initial training of the pu'blic safety officers over a 3-week period. This training covered such basic firefi ghting techniques and subj ects as: small structure fires, ladder and aerial work, elements and causes of fires the duties of fire hosemen, fire re: sponse and attack, rescue and carries, safety techniques, the use of a gas mask, ventilation of a fire, and fire hazards. Experienced fire department training officers personally conducted or supervised these training sessions and exercises. The second phase of training included a 1-week session in high-risk rescue work at Texas A. & M. College. Thi s second step included " hotwire" handling and first aid through the advanced level, along with instructions in the use of such life-saving appa ratuses as resuscitators, oxygen equipment, cutting torches, etc. Additional trainin g included defen sive d riving, scuba di ving, explosives handling, and radiological monito ring. The Taylor-Jones Count y Medical Society fu rn ished the physicians who trained our officers in such techniq ues as how t o deliver a baby during emergency conditions and other emergency aid that could be rende red at the accide nt scene. Thi s extensive emergency tra ining, plus the past experience and training that normally is retained by vetera n poli ce officers, full y prepared our p ublic safety offi cers to cope with any emergency that might arise. · Ve hicle and Equipment As mentioned above, the p ublic safe ty cruiser is a n up-to-da te station wago n eq uipped with radi os on both 15 �police and fire department frequen- has run approximately $30 per month cies, emergency lights and sirens, res- in keeping it equipped. cue and first aid equipment, and firefighting extinguishers and tools. Evaluation A partial list of the cruiser equipment includes: fire extinguishers, There seemed to be some skepticism ( dry, CO 2 , and water) , fireman boots, at the start as to the true value of such helmets, bunker coats, gloves, safe- a unit as the public safety cruiser. It ty goggles, gas masks, completely had only been in service a few days equipped toolbox, axe, sledge ham- when the public began to recognize its mer, disposable blankets, army blan- worth. One lady wrote our department and kets, ropes, _block and tackle, large, co~pletely equipped first aid kit (in- the Abilene Reporter News the followcluding splints, medicold compresses, ing letter after her husband had been etc.), Porto-Power kit, frogman suit aided by our public safety officers : and scuba equipment, lanterns, hot " He is alive today due to the excellent stick (for handling high voltage service rendered by your safety wire), stretcher, Scott resuscitator, cruiser and its men. My husband Scott air pack (for use in building had an acute attack o-f allergy, to the filled with smoke, etc.) , battery jump point of death. He collapsed from cables, tools for entering locked ve- lack of oxygen and at one time comhicles, various types of saws, and pletelr: stopped breathing. Officer other tools to cover any type of emer- Bill Paul, our neighbor, rendered first gency situation. When the unit aid and called the cruiser. makes an emergency run and the offi"We are grateful to the Abilene Pocers have no tool to cover the particu- lice Department and its men for the lar type of situation, they immediately service rendered. Words seem inadeadd that tool. The initial total cost quate when you are trying to thank for equipping the cruiser ran close to someone for saving your mate's life." $3,000. The average cost of supplies We have received numerous similar letters of thanks and appreciation from citizens. Public acceptance of the safety cruiser grew until it was necessary for us to add a second unit in July of 1965. Even physicians now tell their heart patients and others who may need emergency aid to call the safety cruiser prior to calling them. Not only do our public safety officers feel a keen sense of pride in being able to serve humanity in this capacity, but the citizens of Abilene are very proud of our cruiser and the men who operate it. We feel that it has done more for the benefit of public relations than any other thing that the department has ever undertaken. One of the big selling points that we used in getting our cruiser approved was, " If one life is saved, it will he well worth all the expense." Well, the public safety cruiser has more than proved its worth. This is attested to by many local physicians, families who have been assisted, and three Red Cross Life Saving Awards earned by the men who operate Abilene's public safety cruiser. AMERICAN POLICEMAN Chief Inspector of Constabulary lists 58 awards for gallantry to British policemen ranging in rank from constable to inspector. Two of them are posthumous. Five civilians who assisted the police are also on the list. Armed with a whistle, a wooden truncheon, a pair of handcuffs, and, if available, a personal radio, the British policeman performs the same duties as his American counterpart. I formed the impression that, although he may be as young as 19, a great deal of his success is based on his almost amazing personal dignity when on duty. Most of the policemen I came in contact with were more than deserving of the English term of ap. "He,s a proper Copper." pro bat10n, 1 ( Continued from page 6) A police employee explains lo Lieutenant Mitchell her department's records and flling system . FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin �Let the bank robber b eware! More and more his criminal acts are b e ing w atched by a sile nt witness-the hidden cameraw hich re cords the infallible truth. Washington area. These identifications supported prior investigation by FBI Agents who had developed the man as a suspect. He was arrested and charged with bank robbery. The value of a strategically placed camera and resulting publicity of suspects ia illustrated by another incident in which a subject was caught on camera in the act of committing a bank robbery. In this incident a youth entered the National Savings & Trust Co. in the District of Columbia on January 4-, 1967, at which time he took an estimated $6,000. The picture taken by a hidden camera during the robbery showed a man wearing glasses, with his hand partially covering a pistol, at a teller's window. The suspect in the photograph released to newspapers by the FBI was recognized by a local police officer. He notified police investigators who arrested the youth . Just in Time I n identifying bank robbers, many times a picture . is worth a th o usand descriptio ns-espec ia ll y if th e ph otograph catches the bandi t com mittin g the robbery. Abo ut 6 :45 p.m. , December 6, 1966, three armed men, all wearin g sun glasses, ente red a branch of the So uth ern Maryland Bank and Trust Co. a t Oxo n Hill, Md. , a nd ordered two ma le tellers to th e rear of th e bank. One of the robbers ha nded a la undry-t ype bag lo the fema le tell er and ordered her to J)UL al/ the money from the cash drawer into th e ba~. Then the robbers fled. Total amount of mone y taken was $1,659. The bank is equipped with a co ncealed camera whi ch runs continu ously during bankin g hours a nd takes photographs at r eg ular inter vals. T he July 1967 film in th e camera was processed by the FBI. Three frames contained photogra p hs of the per so ns in volved in the r obber y, one of which was a good clear picture of the fa ce of one of the ro bber s. He was wearing a special police offi cer 's uniform, including a b adge a nd cap. Th e ph otograph and p ertinent information co ncerning the robber y were pr epar ed by the FBI and r eleased to all maj or newspapers in th e Washin gton, D.C. area for p ublication in t he hope o f sec ur in g a n ide 11Lification . Several calls were recei ved fr om citizens who sa id they could p ositively id entify the s ub ject of the ph oto g raph. He was s ub sequen tl y identi fied by th ree people as a n ind ividu al who had pr evio usly worked in th e In one instance, a camera had been installed only the day before the robbery, when shortl y before noon a masked bandit, accompanied by a teenage female, entered a banking institution in Cleveland , Ohio. Brandishing a small h and weapon, the masked man warned bank employees that this wa.;; a stickup and to stand back. Stationing himself in front of a teller's window, he waited while his accomplice calml y proceeded to empt y the money fr om the teller's cash dra we r into a b row n paper bag . One of the b ank tellers had observed Lhe m a sked bandit e nle r the bunk and had immediately tripped a silent alarm which also set a hidden movie camera into motion. T wo minutes after the bandits had fled wi th $2 ,,372, detecti ves fro m th e Cleveland Police Department arri ved at the b an k and rushed the film for 17 �immediate processin g. FBI Agents dispatched to the scene commenced immediate investigation. Still prints of the film taken during the robbery were distributed to police officers, FBI Agents, surrounding police dep·a rtments, and to newspapers. The film was rushed to TV stations and given nationwide coverage. The youthful b ank robber turned himself in to police the foll owing day. He told police he h ad gone to Indiana by bu:, after the robbery, but when he realized the robbery film was being shown on TV, he had decided to return to Cleveland and surrender. "Where can you go when you're on TV all the time !" was the remark he made to detectives and FBI Agents. The girl was arrested the following day when her whereabouts was made known to police by an anonymous telephone call. The man was sentenced to a term of 10 to 25 years in the State penitentiary. The girl was. placed on probation fo r 2 years. Joe Meador, caught by a hidden camera , wa s convicted on charges of robbing a bank of more than $30,000. Ne rv ous Robbe r Another bank robber, an 18-yearold youth, robbed the Citizens & Southern Emory Bank, Decatur, Ga. Holding a sawed-off shotgun, he herded 18 persons into the open space of the bank lobby, then ordered the tellers to put the money in a green paper bag he was carrying. , He showed extreme nervo usness and at one time was heard to remark, " I swear to God, I'm scared to death ." He obtained $19,475 and escaped in a stolen car. The bank manager in an office ad joining the lobby, seeing this acti on, set off the silent bank ala rm which also activated the bank's two hidden cameras. Ten clear photographs of the robber were taken during the course of the robbery. These were released to all available news media and dis18 ' . Jo e Meador photographed following h is arrest. pl ayed thro ughout the Nation. The robber was identified as Stephen P atrick Wilkie by a tenant of a home where the robber had been livin g for several months; but he, in the meantime, was traveling all over the co untr y living a life of luxur y on th e money he had stolen. When a phone call to his hometown revealed that he was wa nted by the FBI fo r b ank ro bber y, he surrendered to Specia l Agents in San Francisco. He was sentenced to 10 yea rs fr1 the custody of the Attorney General. In another ro bbery two bro th ers armed with h andguns entered an Indiana bank and forced the manager to fi ll a cloth bag with money fro m the vault and the tellers' cashboxes. After obtaining $30,845, one of the brothers r ipped two sequence cameras from the wall of the bank and took them along when they fled from the scene. Apparently they had no objections to being photographed during the robbery, but they made sure the film co uld not be developed after they left. During the ensuing investigation, one of the bank tellers told FBI FBI Law EnforcelT! ent Bull etin �Agents that she recognized one of the robbers as having b een in the bank some 6 weeks previously to cash a check. With the cooperation of the bank officials, FBI Agents assisted the teller in the task that lay before her in effecting an identification. Sequence camera films for the preceding 6 weeks were developed and shown to the teller. F or several h ours each day fo r 11 days, she sat with FBI Agents reviewing the frames, until one day, after having viewed some 20,000 frames, she picked up the frame identifying the robber- the man who h ad entered the bank almost 6 weeks before the robbery. N umerous prints of this photograph were made and circulated iby the FBI to various sources. T hree days after the photograph was first obtained, a trusty of a local county jail identified the bank robber as Joe Wayne Meador. With h is identification, the brother , Ratline Meador, was fo und to answer the description of the other robber. Green Thuml1 Both men denied guilt of the rob bery, stating they had been planting tobacco on the far m of a relative at the time. T his in fo rmation was checked out, but apparently tobacco was not the only thing they had planted. After many hours of backbreaking digging, FBI Agents unearthed a 25-pound la rd can which had been b uried some 15 inches under a stable. Inside the lard can was a plastic container ; inside the plastic container was a styr ofoa m ice bucket ; and inside the bucket was $ 11,000 completely saturated with talcum powder. Confronted with the buried treasure, the brothers accompanied FBI Agents to another location where a simi lar lard can was buried containing a nother bucket a nd $11,487 comJuly 1967 pletely saturated with talcum powder. The brothers explained that the talcum powder served as a dehydrating agent for the preservation of the buried money. FBI Agents and SCUBA divers located the cameras in a deep creek running through a heavily wooded area in the geileral vicinity of the bank. Although t he cameras had been completely submerged for almost a month, it was possible t o develop 1½ frames on the exp osed film which clearly showed one of the victim tellers with hands upraised a nd one of the brothers standing nearby. The two brothers were each sentenced to 10 years' imprisonment. pictures or show them on television which requires pictures of good quality if results are to be achieved from such investigative procedures. Experience in the FBI with pictures provided by numerous bank camera installations have led to the following conclusions with respect to these installations: 1. Cameras of 35 mm. or larger negative size will produce better results than cameras of smaller negative size. 2. A sequence camera is preferable to · a movie camera. This kind of camera will produce a series of still photographs tha t will ordinarily be of higher quality for identification purposes and will also record the action. 3. Camera (s) (more than one if necessary) ( Continued on page 24) Camera Scores Again Another y
  • Tags: Box 12, Box 12 Folder 28, Folder topic: Police Department | 1967
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 12, Folder 28, Document 17

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_012_028_017.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 12, Folder 28, Document 17
  • Text: ��~ tiJl;j,ePme1,ot, ® a,-...,.,,.,, . 5 T 2897N - • J �
  • Tags: Box 12, Box 12 Folder 28, Folder topic: Police Department | 1967
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 12, Folder 28, Document 19

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_012_028_019.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 12, Folder 28, Document 19
  • Text: ~ ~ " & , , , 9 ' ~ , ( 3__ _ --- ~ u;. -~~ ~~3_f_<-J::-~- - _ _ _ _ _3_ - _2 f-~7-~I~ ~ 2L¼o4 ~""=---...:- - - - - - ~ -~ �
  • Tags: Box 12, Box 12 Folder 28, Folder topic: Police Department | 1967
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 12, Folder 28, Document 28

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_012_028_028.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 12, Folder 28, Document 28
  • Text: DEFEN D ANT SE E R EV E RS E S IDE No. CITY OF ATLANTA Municipal Traffi c Court of Atlanta 751566 104 Trinity Avenue, S. W. Re sident / ,._ _,,.,: ,r.'; I' _ Addres,,__ ._- _ ..,_ -..._ _._- _- -· _,.___ _~ _ ·•...,;·;... · - - - ' -·Business Addres,,__ _ _· .c..·:.c. -<.A'--_.;,....;.~ - - -'- ,;. ' -' - ...L-.-='- , •• ~ - -- - - "" -"-'- ... - -- -•' Owne r of Vehic le_ _ _--:.. · .c..'.:... ' - ~'-------- - -- - -- - -- - ./ Dri ve r Col or _ _r'--_ _ _ _ Li ce nse No. t:---; , Make of se ~ - ~"=--, - - -- - Veh icle _ Bir th ; Date / ., .., -/ / ":> / / . ..---y·\-- , .;.-_ ___ ,i' -'-' ---'--"'· - - - ' ~ - - - - - - -- _ Li cense Numb er ~ 1 / (- , _ _ _:)) • ' ~ I '-·· ' tJ 1 • • YOU ARE HEREBY COM MANDED, to be and app ear at the MUNICIPAL TRAFFIC ' COURT OF ATLANTA, to be held in the TRAFFIC COURT BUILDING, 104 Trinity Avenue, S. W. at _ 7 ~· ,,,. .• - - - - - - -- - - - - - . . . . . - -·'---• to answe r , Jo th e charge of ,; -··---~~ D D D D / ·-- _·_ o'c lo ck _ _ M. on the-2.-2-day of_"-, _, ..,_/~-· _ _ 19_ :_ / / Exceedi ng Speed Limit <- --~M.P.H. in _ _ _ M.P.H. Zo ne) Vi olatin g Traffic Signal (R ed Light} Ordinance_ _ __ _ __ Violating Stop Sign Ordinance _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ __ Ill ega l Park ing (describe) • "- Location~_ _ _ _ -1o_ ..._ -~ / _._-:i=_'_._,,_ ,_.r _, ___ _ ___ / ,•,/ t'_ _ _ A.M. P.M . I n th e City of At lanta o n th e,~ -""---day o f~ •c.-..·'_,_.,,..__ 19 _._ tlll 'l - - ' dny oL __ _ __.....,,._·_ 19--- I / I / By Officers _ __.,,,_ (_ _ ~ ~·- ,_,. _.-_-_~_{).. _ -:.' - - · - -__ .,._-_ _ __ _ . ..., D Number Arr ested D Copy (" _, / Assi gnm en~ ""'~ -~ ·" _ ...,_ Di st._,_ - _- _. __ �
  • Tags: Box 12, Box 12 Folder 28, Folder topic: Police Department | 1967
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 12, Folder 29, Document 2

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_012_029_002.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
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  • Title: Box 12, Folder 29, Document 2
  • Text: V THE READER'S DIGEST December 22, 1967 Dear Mayor Allen: They're called "New York's Finest," but patrollnen in New York are paid 50 percent less than carpenters. In Chicago, electricians earn $1.85 more than the officer on the beat. Seattle pays cable splicers $375 a month more than patrolmen. As Mayor, you are of course acutely aware of the deplorable financial status of most of the nation's policemen. You know, too, that low pay is just one of a number of problems -- public apathy and unrealistically restrictive court decisions are others -- facing the cop on the beat. The lowered morale that results has contributed to police shortages and soaring crime rates. Now millions of Americans will share your concern and your knowledge, with publication of a January Reader's Digest article calling for hi gher salaries and increased public support for policemen. We are enclosing an advance copy of "Our Alarming Police Shortage"; we'd be happy to send you additional copies on request. Sincerely yours, • Vice President CRD : jm Enc. The Honorable Ivan Allen, Jr. Mayor of At l anta Atlanta, Georgia �
  • Tags: Box 12, Box 12 Folder 29, Folder topic: Police Department | 1967
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 12, Folder 29, Document 13

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_012_029_013.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 12, Folder 29, Document 13
  • Text: Dec ember 1 1, 1967 Chief Herbert Jenkins Atlanta Police Department 175 Decatur Street, S . E . Atlanta, Georgia 30303 Dear Chief: For your information, we are nclo ing h rewith correspondence rec ived from Al Bows. th · new President of th Chamb r of Comm re . Sincerely yours, R. Earl Lander Administr tive A si tant REL:lp Enclo ure �
  • Tags: Box 12, Box 12 Folder 29, Folder topic: Police Department | 1967
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 12, Folder 29, Document 15

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_012_029_015.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 12, Folder 29, Document 15
  • Text: CITY OF ATLANTA DEPARTMENT of POLICE Atlanta 3, Georgia November 27, 1967 HERBERT T . JENKINS Ch i ef MEMORANDUM To: Mayor Ivan Allen, Jr. From: The Atlanta Police Department (Gertrude Pasley) November 20, 1967 to November 26, 1967, inclusive 2 patrolmen resigned (one requested (one return to Navy) 1 patrolman re-employed Total vacancies: 1 Total Guards: 6 E. 0 . A. employees (paid by the Federal Government) .,: 2 �
  • Tags: Box 12, Box 12 Folder 29, Folder topic: Police Department | 1967
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 12, Folder 29, Document 27

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_012_029_027.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
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  • Title: Box 12, Folder 29, Document 27
  • Text: C TY OF ATLANTA DEPARTMENT of POLICE Atlanta 3, Georgia November 13, 1967 HERBERT T. JENKINS Chief MEMORANDUM To: Mayor Ivan Allen, Jr. From: The Atlanta Police Department (Gertrude Pasley) November 6, 1967 to November 12, 1967 inclusive 2 patrolmen employed Total vacancies: 1 Total guards: 6 E. 0. A. employees (paid by Federal Government): 2 �
  • Tags: Box 12, Box 12 Folder 29, Folder topic: Police Department | 1967
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 12, Folder 29, Document 31

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_012_029_031.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
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  • Title: Box 12, Folder 29, Document 31
  • Text: November 8, 1967 Mr. Henry L . Bowden City Attorney 2614 First National Bank Bldg. Atlanta, Georgia Dear Henry: Attached hereto is a petition of a suit filed in U. S. District Court against Mayor Ivan Allen, Jr. , Lt. J. R. Shattles, Ralph H ey of the City Prison Farm and myself. P lease have someone to file the an wer in this case. If there i any additional information needed, please let us know. Sincerely yours, HTJ:gp ttacb c.c. / yor Ivan Allen, Jr.V Lt. J. R. Sh ttl s C · t. Ralph Hul ey �
  • Tags: Box 12, Box 12 Folder 29, Folder topic: Police Department | 1967
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 12, Folder 29, Document 33

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_012_029_033.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
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  • Title: Box 12, Folder 29, Document 33
  • Text: THE CITIZENS & SOUTHERN NATIONAL BANK ATLANTA, GA. November 6, 1967 Chief Herbert Jenkins Atlanta Police Department 176 Decatur Street, s. E. Atlanta , Georgia Dear Chief Jenkin: I would like to extend our thanks for the many courtesies Officer ~ons and Officer Cardell of the Crime Prevention &treau of the Atlanta Police Department extended to representatives of the United States Jaycees end the Ford Foundation last week. These representatives were visiting Atlanta to observe the work of the Sunmerhill Community, Atlanta Government Organizations and the Atlanta Jaycees in the Summerhill neighborhood and other underprivileged areas. We appr ciate the fine co-operation alw ys extended to the Atlanta Jaycees by the Police Departm nt. Sincerely, e .1::~ i!-Director - Atl anta Jaycees cca Honorable Mayor 'Ivan Allen, Jr. ~ Mr. Jim Goldin �
  • Tags: Box 12, Box 12 Folder 29, Folder topic: Police Department | 1967
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 12, Folder 29, Document 41

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_012_029_041.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 12, Folder 29, Document 41
  • Text: EASTERN AIR LINES INCORPORATED/ 1422 W ES T PEACHTREE STREET/ ATLANTA , GEORGIA 30309 / 404-875-881 1 ~ ...,_.. EASTERN October 25 , 1967 Office of the Mayor City of Atlanta City Hall Atla nta, Georgia Attention: Capta in Royal Dear Captain Royal: I would like to express my gr atitude f or your personal assistance when my s ec r et ary's automobile was impounded . Needles s to say she was delighted t o, as she put it , 11 to see a smi l i ng f ace at t he door of t he Police Station 11 • The whole i ncident wa s r egre t abl e, a nd I a ssure you i t will not happen agai n . The r e is one comment I wo uld l ike t o make regarding t he traff i c officer involved in the i ncident. Officer Penrod was very courte ous and rather apologetic that it was necessary to take such acti on, but a s I mentioned before, he was only doing his sworn duty . Thi s offi cer is i ndeed a gentl eman and a credi t to his department . I cannot say it has been a pleasure doing business with him, however, s i nce he has ticketed me several times for ove r time parking, and each time I have been guil ty . But, it i s gratifying to know that this officer is so conscientious . If there is any need of our assistance for you or your personnel for air travel plans, please feel free to call on us at your convenience. CJS : fpa �
  • Tags: Box 12, Box 12 Folder 29, Folder topic: Police Department | 1967
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 12, Folder 29, Document 46

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_012_029_046.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 12, Folder 29, Document 46
  • Text: fv J October 17, 1967 V Mr • A . E . Alli on 1315 D y Street, S . W. Atlanta, Cieorgi a 30310 Dear Mr • Alli on: Thia will acknowled e receipt of your letter of October 16th concernin.g the old automobile on your tre t . I am referring your letter to Superintendent Mo elJY of the Police De tinent nd I m ure will tak care of it. Sincer ly your , Ivan All n, .Jr. yo.r lA.Jr/br CC: Superintendent Moseley �
  • Tags: Box 12, Box 12 Folder 29, Folder topic: Police Department | 1967
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 12, Folder 29, Document 47

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_012_029_047.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 12, Folder 29, Document 47
  • Text: HAMPTON 3181 L. DAUGHTRY CHATHAM ROAD , ATLANTA 5, N. W GEORGIA October 17, 1967 Dear Ivan, The enclosed copies of letters to Ser geant J.P. Eaves and Chief Jenkins are self-explanatory, and I simply wanted to invite your attention to them. Sincerely, Fncs. Honorable Ivan Allen, J r. IvJa.yor of At lant a Atlant a, Georgia �
  • Tags: Box 12, Box 12 Folder 29, Folder topic: Police Department | 1967
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 12, Folder 29, Document 51

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_012_029_051.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 12, Folder 29, Document 51
  • Text: CITY OF ATLANTA DEPARTMENT of POLICE A tlanta 3, Georgia October 2, 1967 HERB E RT T . JENKINS Ch ief MEMORANDUM To: Mayor Iv an Allen, Jr. "
  • Tags: Box 12, Box 12 Folder 29, Folder topic: Police Department | 1967
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 12, Folder 29, Document 57

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_012_029_057.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 12, Folder 29, Document 57
  • Text: 2 140 PEAC HT R EE R O A D . N . W . ATLANTA , GEORGIA 30309 OF ATLA NTA September 26, 1967 Mrs. Ann Mo s e s Mayor ' s Off i ce C i ty Hal I At l anta, Georg i a Dear Ann, I certa i n l y enjoyed ta l king to you th i s morn in g regard i ng our grand opening of The Racquet Club of At l anta and I great l y app r ec i ate your be in g able to have Mayo r Ivan Al len appear for our r i bbon cutt i ng ceremon i es for our new tennis c lu b , to be held here the 17th of October at 2 p. m. We are i nv i t i ng the press, T. V. and r ad i o to attend th is memorable event. Lookin g forward to you and your husband com i ng out and visit i ng wi th us pe r sona lly. Club of At l anta PH/ lw �
  • Tags: Box 12, Box 12 Folder 29, Folder topic: Police Department | 1967
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 12, Folder 30, Complete Folder

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_012_030.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 12, Folder 30, Complete Folder
  • Text: CITY OF A T LANTA DEPARTMENT of POLICE Atlanta 3, Georgia September 2 5, 1967 HERBERT T. JENKINS Ch i ef MEMORANDUM To: Mayor Ivan Allen, Jr. From: The Atlanta Police Department (Gertrude Pasley) September 18, 1967 to September 24, 1967 inclui;ive 1 patrolman vacancy -- widow has received a year's salary 1 patrolman resigned -- GreenAir Compressor Co. 3 patrolmen employed Total vacancies: 12 Total guards: 3 E . 0. A. employees - paid by Federal Government: 2 �September 22. 1967 Parent of Warren Jac kson S c hool c / o Mrs . B . Pollock 43ZZ Conway Valley Court. N . W. Atlauta, Georgia Dear Mrs . Pollock: Thi will acknowledge receipt of the petitio frmn the parents of the children in the Warren J ckson School hich you recently forw rded me . I am ttacbing a report from both the Traffic Engwer amt the Police De rtment d I hope that thi additional action ta n will be s ti factory . Please express my appreciation for the petition. Sincerely your , Ivan Aile • Jr. Mayor lAJr/br E closur • �CITY OF ATLANTA DEPARTMENT of POLICE Atlanta 3, Georgia Se p t e ber 21 , 196 7 HERBERT T . JENKINS Ch ief Mr . Geo r g e Roy a l Ma y or ' s Of f ice Ci ty Ha ll 68 Mi tc he ll S tr ee t, S . W. At labt a , Geor 6 i a 3030 3 Dea r Lr . R:::>ya l: / I n r ega rds to t he petitiJ n from t h e mo t hers a t the Wa r re n JacksJ n Sc hoo l f or a ~ chJo l Tr aff ic Pol i c e Woma n, we are now attempti ng t o fil l t is position . Bef o1·e t he s c h ool y e~ r be~an I ne t wi t h Mrs . arie Smor t, pr: ncipa l, a nd at t ha t time we d id no t a nt i ci pate a need f:::> r a pol ice woma n . Aft er lear nin 6 of t his petitio n a nc a c a l l from hr::; . Smart , we made a no th vr sur vey and t8 l ked t o se v era l parents . Some in di c . ted they woul d l et their c hi l dren wa l k if there was a Traffi c Poli c e Woma n o n duty . There are about 25 to 30 students wsl~i ng or ridin 6 oicycles to schoo l, usinJ or c r o s s i n6 "It • Pa r a n 1-{ J b d • l t . Pa r a n R J a d i n the s ch o J 1 are a is a ve ry narrow ro.sid i-Ji. th tnany Stlarp curv e s . There are no sidew a lks in this area . I ha ve re ceived permissi:::>n from my sup erior off i cers and the cJmptroller ' s offic e to hire a Tr ~ff i c Police Wowan at this school . The s c hoo l a nd the Pa r e nt Teacher ' s Associatio n are now assisti ng me i n findi nb a n applicant for this posit~on ~ .Respectfully, (1// ~ ~ Lt. C. V. Forrest e r �C TY OF ATLANTA TRAFFIC ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT Atla nta , G e orgia 30303 September 19, 1967 K A RL A. BE V I NS Traffic En gin ee r The Honorable Ivan Allen, Jr. Mayor of the City of Atlanta 206 City Hal 1 Atlanta, Georgia Dear Mayor Allen: In answer to your request for information concerning our proposed activities in the area of the Warren Jackson School, we should like to give you the following report. During the past three weeks, members of our staff have discussed this situation with Mrs. Smart, Principal of the School; Mr. J. Lewis Cook , Safety Director of the Board of Education; and Lieutenant Forrester, of the Atlanta Police Department. As a result of these discussions, we have done a substantial amount of signing in the vicinity of the school. Since the school is located approximately 1000 feet north of Mount Paran Road , we did not feel that it was necessary or desirable to reduce the speed limit to 25 MPH from the presently existing 30 MPH. We have, however , installed signs on Mount Paran Road on each approach to the school driveway which warn drivers with the message SCHOOL CHILDREN IN ROADWAY. A recent count of the children walking on Mount Paran Road and entering the Wa rren Jackson School at the Mount Pa ran Road driveway indicates that a relatively small number of 20 to 30 students are entering the school property at this point . Although the letter and petitions which accompanied your memorandum to this depa rtment r e f e rre d only to a request tha t a police office r be assigned to this location , we felt that you would like to know what actions we have taken on r e ques t s which have been ma de directly to us . At the present time , we do not have plans for additional work in the vicinity of this school . I f you de s i re any additional informat i on conc erning this matte r, pl eas e f ee l f re e t o call on us . ERSJr/fd �Sept e ber 18, 1967 Mayor Ivan Allen City Hall Atl~ t a i Geor~ia Dear Mayor All n~ We a r e deeply conc erned about the f a ct that a polic offic er hae not b e n a33i~ned to ass i~t th e children in crossin~ Mto Paran Road in front of Warren J a ck 3on Schoolo W have conta ct ed Lto Pender~ra3tp who i~ i n char~ of th School Police Divi!ion of the Atlanta Polic D part ent, r ~ardin~ thi! tt er o He does not fe 1 th e nee 3~ity of placin~ a police wo an at Warren J a ck! on Schoolo We, a3 parent3, feel th at th 3af ty of our childrsn is beint ne~l e ctedo We can not wait until a child i3 injured or killed to prove th e nee fo r a police wo ano Altho~h Mt o Para Road is ot a ain thorou~hfa r P it is ah avily travel9d road, an b cau3e it le a n~rrow, win di ~ roa with no 3i walk 3, it 13 very hapraous for youn~ chil r to cro 3s without !Upervi~iono May par nts have expre33ed a d93ir to hav walk to and fro ~chool but thy h ave not a llow bec au! of thi! l ack of supervi!io o their chil r n the to walk As r~3i nts of the hi~hest tax payin~ district in the City» w feel ju3tified in askin~ th polic depart e t to act o our r quest Q · W eed your 3upp:ort in this att r and any help you can ~iv e u~ will be eeply appr ciate o Enclose a r (300) thr -hundr 3i~ne petitions~ copi s of which a r bein~ ~ent to th police d p~ rt entQ Very truly your~~ Pare t ~j Wa r r~ J ack5o School �'- 334 Auburn Ave., N.E. 'Atlanta-;' Georgia 30303 Telephone 522-1420 Southern Christian Leadersh ip Co11feren ce Martin Luther Kin~.. Jr., Prt. ..... tident· .. Ralph Abernathy, Trtasurtr Andrew J. Young, E:ucutivt Dirtcto, September 19, 1967 Chief Herbert T. Jenkins Chief of Police City of Atlanta Atlanta, Georgia '- Dear Chief Jenkins: Last week I ·requested a parade or "march" permit from your office, and was informed that the request must ·be made 5 days .·prior to day of parade. · . · I, 11 1' I I am .h~reby requesting par~de permit~ as follows: l. Monday ,' September 25th (PM) 2. Tuesday, September 26th (PM) 3. Wednesday, September 27th (PM) 4• . Thursday, September 28~h (PM) 5. Friday, September 29th (PM) .I . Please send permit and any other correspondence to the following address: ' ·· Rev. Howard W. Creecy, Sr., President . · Atlanta Chapter Southern Christian Leadership Conference Mount Moriah Baptist Church · 200 Ashby Street, S. W. · Atlanta, Geo r.gia 37;::::zfw ;:, .~ Rev. Howard W. Cr ee c ~ Pr eside nt, Atlanta Cbapter Sout hern Christian Leadership Conference CC: Mayor Ivan All en, Jr Dr. A. M. Davis, President NAACP Jesse Hillp Jf pp Co - Chairman 9 · Atlanta Summit Leadership co·nf erence �' CITY OF ATLANTA~ ~ ~ ~ DEPARTMENT OF POLICE ATLANTA, GA. 9-1 8-67 Mass Meeting : Mt. Moriah Baptist Church We atte n ded a ma s s me e ting at t he Mt. Moriah Ba p tist Chu r ch , corne r of As h b y and Fair St. a t 8PM t h i s d a t e. The follo wing was s tat e d b y Rev Boone as being nec es s a r y for the Bo a rd of Edu c a tion : 1 . That the r e i s not enou gh Ne g ro me mber s in the Te chnic a l Schools 2 . Th a t there a r e n ot enou gh t ext b oo k s J. That schedule s must b e r e a d y b y t h e f i r s t day of sch o ol and 3 and t ha t n ot t o o many b e enrol l e d 4. That a r e-s tudy of a l l te x t bo oks b e mad e , wi t h n o pr oper respect on rac e . 5. That n o ru l e be i ss.ed d e ny i ng freed om of speech 6. That a Negr o Pr i n c ipal b e p u t i nto the s ch ool and n ot onl y in Ne g ro s c hoo l s 7. That by Jan 1 , 1968, a Negro superintendant is placed in c harge of the scho ols 8. That departments be directed by Negroes 9. That children be removed from the double sessions Rev. Boone spoke on the lack of decent housing , in the Negro sections, poverty and the fa :ili.Jre on the part of power s truct u re. A Mrs . Dorothy Bolton came forward, speaking for the parents bring ing back to mind that in 1964, the first march to Central Hi gh School. She spoke on how the parents must join to ge ther in order to take a stand for their children. She further stated that she herself had g one down to Dr. Letson's off ice and tri e d to ap p eal to him but that he only put her off saying that she had to wait until he had time to se e her. Mr. Thomas Harper , representing Youth Town, spoke on how his organization was designed to keep teens in line, meaning that they were trying to keep them from be coming juvenile delinquentsa He too talk ed ofthe double sessions in the schools and on how he thought the Ne gr oes were being cheated out of an education. Thr e e points that were brought out were as follows: Slums must go Dro Letson must go Double sessions in the schools must go Mro Hosea Williams came to th~ platform at this time speaking on the subj e ct of proving ones manhood. He stated that this could.onlyfbehnroven. when wen come together in an organ1~ea as 10n oe1ng on thB one blagk ~c ~ra 0 �CITY OF ATLANTA DEPARTMENT OF POLICE ATLANTA, GA. 9-18-67 Dr. Martin Luther King s p oke l a st stat ing that we are eithe r to g ether or divided but that there was no division in NAACP. He stated that dop e victi ms and alcoholics are only caused b y the lack of unemployment. He stated that Atlanta bo a st of having jobs for eve ryone but that wa en the Ne g ro p eop le g o down to the city h a ll a n n e x , they ar e turned away wi t h the p retense of not b e ing we ll en ou g h q u a lif ie d . He ende d by saying that the job of t h e Neg ro de manded tni ty and that we might b e separated among ourselves but tog et h er a g a ins t the whi t e pe ople. At t his t i me it was st a t ed that e a c h p e r son p r es e nt would ma rc h wit h the l eade r s do wn t o the Wa shing ton Hi g h School . Dr. King a dvi se d the g r ou p to h ave n ume r ou s demonstrations, non- violen t l y. He reminde d them of t he de st ru ction of t h e pr evious r io ts and i ndi c a t ed b y h i s spe ec h t hat we di d n ot nae d a r e o cc ur ance. Oth er g ues t s were a s f o l l ows : Dr. M. L. King Jr . A. M. Davis Ral ph Ab ernat hy Sa m Wi lli ams J oseph Boone Ho sea Williams Leroy J ohnson Julian Bond Respectful l y ~~ Sgt. L. Goss Det J P Arnol d Mrs. Lind a Tucker P.S. Dr. King stated that h e h a d planned to makea :. speech., and had a l ready written it out at this time, b ut that since e v eryb ody e lse had made such goo d remarks he would not speak , but that he would bring out points on thei r remarks. These are listed above. �CITY OF ATLANTA DEPARTMENT OF POLICE ATLANTA, GA. 9-18-67 I n Re g ard s to the Mas s Mee tin g: T oni ght upon co mp l e ti on of t h e meet i ng a t t h e Mt. Moriah Baptist Chur ch, Ho s e a Willi ams asked t he enti re gr oup to a c c ompany him i n a ma r ch t o Was h i ngt on Hi gh Sc h o ol . He came to t he outside at the front step s and aga i n app e a l ed to t he gr ou p to march with him. He succeeded in ge t t ing appr ox i mat e l y 300. They mar c he d n orth on Ashby Street t o Hunter St. Du r i ng t h e ma rch , app r oxi mat e l y on e hal f of these pe ople dr opped ou t a long t h e wa y. The remain der c ont i n ued t o the fr ont s t ep s of Wash i ngton Hi gh Scho ol , wh ere they sang tw o songs . Hosea Wi l l iams greeted the group. He tol d them that we mu s t demonstrate unt i l s uper i n t endent Le t son knows th a t we are not p l ay ing. We should turn thi s ci ty upside down, I mean we sho uld fil l al l the jails with adults and not send our c hildren. He stated we must show the p ower struct u re of the school and of the pol ic e de partment t hat we mean bus i ness. He further stat ed t hat Chie f J enkins had sent his good guys out to be with them toni ght, h e kne w that there wouldn't be any trouble. This group remained on the steps of Washington Hi gh Sc hoo l f or about 30 minutes. They then dispersed and went in different direct ionso This g roup at the ch urch consisted of app roxima t ely eleven hundred. Respectfully 75-~ Sgt. L. Goss De t . JP Arnold lt �Corrie See And 1T..fe ar A GIZEAT AIVlERICAN DR~ }\AAR'fl I LUTH=:R17 l(ING, JR~ President, Southern Christian Leadership Conference ~v1onday r1ight, September 181 1967 s~oo p~m~ Sharp ~Aot1nt Moriah Bapti§t Cht1rch Corner YNest Fair and A§hby Street DOU BU: SESS~Ou JS AN D f'OOR SCHOOtS MUST GO! Did you get a decent education? Are your children on double sessions? Are your children in overcrowded classes? Help protect your children's future. You may have a job, you rn ay be making a good salary, but what about the 15 black me·n out of every hundred without a job, while only 2 white men out of every ·hundred has no job. ATlA ~rA POUCE BRUTAUTY. Maybe policemen have not be_aten you y et. /v\aybe policemen hav e not b eai·en your husband, your wi.fe · '--~-, or your children. We must stop po lice brutality. '·,--.,; \. ~ ,. - m  : s s ~ re,1:n,,o \ Sponsored by Ai'lanta - Chapter-·- Nation n l Association for the Advanceme nt of Colored People Dr. Albert M. 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V "f:\'J':; .... 4° - - 7 "- -. ~--I,, .. _., -1S 7 7.CJ 34 41 ... - 4 __ -v...,.~ ...... .,_...,...,. --------'"' ? '" , _ .) _ ______ 7 ·-·-· --.. .................-_.. - . . ···--"""'-·-, ~ ' ...,- 41 27 68 4 10 '7 ,/... ,) �/\1] nolicc 11:,:rsonncl on 12 hours a d· y , 7 cl ,1ys a 1.1 cc k. Tot.al ;'OJ ice ~er'.,onnc l ,wailnh _k ----------- ·-Ovcrt :i. 11:.: for c:ich 1 .an ~er 1.rcc l:--- ·-- ··-- --·· -- 8'15 t1- 4 hour s Ov rUi ·e for :, 11 11:)rsonn"'i n·.n we:cl,-----·----- 37, 130 h ou.'s Ov cr t-i.1. i: for 2 11 ,1JJ··soiFwl :icr cl ::;y- --- ---- - 3,3 R0 hours �October 25, 1967 Chief H. T. Jenkins Atlanta Police Department .E: Disorders on ~gnolia Street Sunday - October 22, 1967 donday - 0 tober 23, 1967 Dear Sir: On Sunday night, October 22, 1967, at about 9:30 p.m., Captain • c. Bryant called me and stated that a explosive situation was about to develop at Vine and t1agnolia but that he thought everything was under control . I got re dy to go to the area nd just as I was leaving, I heard on th r help call and fire call in this area so proceeded to Vine and tagnolia . I found that Officer J . B. Phillips and oth r offic re h d arre ted several person t th t location and had · d conoidcroble trouble with the s bjects and after the orre t nd the person had be n transported to j iL, a consid rable crowd of di orderly r:er ons gathered on 1ognolia Str t between . faple and Vine ond set sever l fires . The Fire Depart nt w s call d evernl ti~ but th fir w re put out ostly bcfor th Fire D partment arriv d . Lt. C. J. Perry and Copt·in ry nt w re on the cen and had Car LO-, 12-B and a wagon patrolling th are . All of thes w r nn Plea se send permit and ·any oth e r corr esponden c e to the following addr e ss: Re v. Howard W. Cr ee cy, Sr., Pr e sid e nt Atlant a Ch a pt er Sout he r n Chri s ti a n Le ade rship Conf e r e nc e Mount Mori a h Bap ti s t Church 200 As hby Str e et, S. W. Atlanta, ~ e orgia ~incl.r e ly you r s, j. J Re v.1~~ ¼) W LU/4q, , WV Howard W. Cr ee c y, S~ Pr e sid e nt, Atl a nt a Ch ap t e r South e rn Christ i an Lead e rs hip Conf er e nc e CC: Ma yo r I v a n All e n, .Jr Dr . A. M. Da vi s , Pres i d e nt Ni-rACP J es se Hill, J r ~, Co- Cha i r ma n , Atl a nta S ummi t Le ad e rs hi p Conf e r e nc e �- September 21, 1967 Mr. A . l . Gaulden, Jr . LeMa Apartment 2515 Northeast Expressway Apartment G - 7 Atlanta, Georgia Dear r . Gaulden: I m ure you are a are that it is rare to receive a letter of special commendation as your • 1 am mo t grateful for your comm.ent about Officer Adams a d l am ure be will ppreci te bat you plan to do. 1 am for ardin this letter to Chief Jenkins ·th my ppreciati • Sincerely your , Aile , Jr. lAJr/ r CC: Chief Jenkins long ---, �September Zl, 1967 Mr. W . M . Teem, Sr. '5 66 Martina Drive, N . E . Atlanta, Georgia Dear Mr. I Teem: Thank you £or your letter of September 20th. l will be happy to ask the Police Depa.rtmellt to have this truck removed. Sincerely yours , Iv n Allen, .Jr. Mayor IA.Jr/hr �S ptember 19, 1967 y • Jo 1 Tr • . �TRAFFIC FA.TALITI:SS TO DATE 1/57. 5:50 A.H. August 21.i, 1967 N.W. Freeway and Howe ll Mill Rdo VictiTJ1., drive1• of vehicle; which was struck by vehicle //2, which crossed median and overturnedo W.M. ?? 58. 8:00P.H. September 1, 1967 N.W.Fre eway and Mt Paran Rd. W.F. 23. Victim, passenger in vehicle which was struck by vehicle cha_nging lanes. 1159. 10 :25A.M. September · 9, 1967 2544 Peachtree Rd.,N.W. W.M. LB. Victim, driver of vehicle which struck power pole. �TUITION GRANTS ATU.NTA POLICE OFFICERS COST OF COURSE PER QUARTER $35.00 Per Subject P er Qua:tter $10.,00 Per Subject Per Quarter for Books $ 6.,00 Per Quarter for Students Ac tivity Fee 1. All Officers will be allowed to take up two subjects Per Quarter. 2. Tuition will be paid to all participating Officers up to, but not to e x ceed $100.00 Per Quarter. 3. The tuition will be paid to the Of f icer af~er he has successfully completed each quarter. 4. Reimbursement will be paid only to those Officers participating in Police Admi nistration Course. METHOD OF SELECTI ON FOR REI MB URSEMENT 1~ En trace Examinat i o n Scores. 2. Length o f service with the Dep artment. 3. The Police Officers performance rating and up on app roval of Chief o f Pol i ce . �V September 196 1967 V Mr. B . M . Doster 1414 Boulevard Lorraine, S . W. Atlanta, Georgia Pear Don: Thank you very much for sending me a copy of your letter to Chief Jenkin • It would be needles for me to say that we regret th incident to which you refer, and t hat every effort ill be made by the Police D pa.dment to determine ho the per ons ere nd prevent any other incident of thi type in the future. A to ·whether you may wi h to obtain permit to carry a protective e pon; thi i a deci ion you ill have to ma e. Perso Uy, I thi k the Police Deparbn nt is dequate for the protection of all c i tizens . Sincerely, l IA.Jr:am Alie , Jr. �B. McDONALD DOSTER 1414 BOULEVARD LORRAINE, 5. W. ATLANTA 11. GA. September 14, 1967 Chief Herbert Jenkins Atlanta Police Department 175 Decatur Street, S. E. Atlanta~ Georgia Dear Mr. Jenkins: I want to report an incident that happened Wednesday night about 9:00 p.m., September 13, which occurred on Gordon Road at the railroad underpass just west of the intersection of Lynhurst in the event you wish to alert your patrolmen to events of this kind. My wife and I and friends had dinner at the Plantation Restauran t in Marietta .and were proceeding homeward through Access Highway , Bolton Road by Fulton County Airport, Gordon Road, Lynhurst, and Sewell to Cascade Heights. When we approached the underpass west of Lynhurst, but still some di st_a nce away , I saw five or so young Negroes sixteen to eighteen years old, or thereabou ts, standing on the right hand side of the street at the abutment to the railroad b ridge. They were doing nothing that appeared to be out of the ordinary, but were apparently were t a lking and having fun. Just as I became even with them, we were startled by a terrific report which sounded as though a gun had been fired inside the car. I ha d seen no one make any move and no flash from an e xp losion was seen so assumed that the boys had thrown a giant firecracker under the car where it exploded. There appearing nothing more serious a t that time, I did not stop but proceeded on homeward. After visiting with our friends for an hour or two,l!!Y wife and I went on home where we then examined the car because someone had e xpre ssed an opinion that something struck the car, which we did not immediately confirm. Upon e xamination under · light it is c lear now that the e xplosion was the dischar ge of a gun, and the car was actual ly struck by the bullet and that from the trajectory th e bulle t ca me �,-- B. McDONALD DOSTER 1414 BOULEVARD LORRAINE, 5 . W. ATLANTA 11, GA. from overhead on the railroad bridge, from which someone must have fired the gun. The bullet, from directly overhead, was fired at about a 40 degree angle, and it struck the left rear door window just above the center. Being struck from overhead, the bullet merely glanced off the glass and struck a curved portion of the metal door at the base of the glass where the curve caused the bullet to riccochet outward. The glass was not broken, but was scarred by the impact·and the metal was not pierced, but was scored by the riccochet. It is obvious that someone was making an attempt on the life of some unsuspecting person who would drive under the bridge. That person could have been me if the gun had been fired a split second sooner and six inches to my right, where it would have pierced the windshield directly in front of my face. I saw no one on the bridge above, and having proceeded as far forward as I had, I saw no flash, but the circumstances wer~ easy to read. Very truly yours, B. M. Doster cc: Mayor .Ivan. Allen, Jr. City Hall . Atlanta, Georgia �Beptcmber . 2~ 19 ·17 S pt 0 C 0 Chafin Capto Oo Jordan Lt J 0 R Shattles Sirs : Th i s date ~t 4z30 pm I took a photog:c .pher to the Bo~.:rd o :f Edu.ca;t i m1 0 2 24, Central Ave,., He made p i ctu~es of individmi.J.s o c cupy i n £; Supt a i:1:-:.n T-et~ ons of£icc:JJ I retun,eu to 22.(~ Central Ave 9 and remained u n til ll : 45 pmll at vrhich time t he:;~ persons were told t o l e~ve the buil 'ing 'y De t 0 ~r ,.D Hudso n 0 11. orc'k·r s f :rom Lt 0 N.-t,c·:!:1 0 They refused 9 and v·ere a:>:rested f or violat i ng ci i:y o-c1ina.,ce 20=27@ (Loit e ring ) 0 Ca-e et 2~30 pm 0 Se:ptQ 13-th o A r:r.ested sub j e cts we:t:e as :follm-'7Se- J <::?ss i cm Holl nd 0 ,,;rf20 , 3 34 A burn Ave o J a:mes Gibso:..,~ \' m.21 11 334 Auburn Ave., I rma J ean J acksc:-:nr; cf2 '1. 0 334 Aubu:rn o Marge Mnndcrson 0 f'39 9 7 ~1 Wilson Rd o No 1·lo Rev o J oseph Eo Boonep c m44 9 4 520 CJ.axmont Dr o S0W0 Rcv 0 Howard W., Creecy 11 c ra39 9 192 Ashby Sto S oW Rev 0 J cC 1vard 9 cm3 :i 14 7J. Eason Sta NoWo Wi1 scn Bro m i, cm3--1ll 360 Nelson Sto S.,W 0 Albert Henry 9 \'JT.141$ 3 42 Gth o NoEo W' lli.am Lo ckett, c m35 9 2-116 Ua t h i e 1rs on P l a S oWo Supt 0 Letson h ad r -,fu e el "co meet t h :i.s g r.ore. ea:rliezs 1:n.:i. t did ' ' O ':\t 6 1~30 p ·o i n b:i.s offic e o He want ed t o mee t this group in ·' he la:.:go r1K:~ting i:oomp but thi s group refused to d o soe They b o ugh t up t v;0lv e point s :foz: di.·cussion hu t fi n~ J.ly de cidGd on o ne:;i that b e ing Dr., Let.son c al J. a,.n emei:gency meeting o f. the boa:ed , f ol.' no l a t er than tomorrowo not rea ch himo D:c ., Letson made an a t t empt to c a l l D:::: ., Cook~ but could Dr o L etson left th2 b'uiJ.ding at l Q:"2-.5 p m 9 and :ce tuxncd a ·i.. 1 1~ 30 ::\t t his time he told the g J:oup they woul d h ave t o leave .. over to L t., He t hen t u.rnr~d ·the matter Nash and l eft G The a r re st was o:cder ly and wa,s c ar. ied out by the echooI d e tect:i.vc:s:i Lt o Copeland , Lto Sheppard ., 1"he:.re was sev e ra l o ther o ffi c ers on t h t~ scr--,ne ,., Wnen asked to 1 ;:\w~ a .o l o:red f emv. J.12 and col 2eci ma le P ohn Boorie ) l e fto Charles A., Webster X'ema i ned on the scenG 11 b ut was a l lov·ed t o go~ when h e stated he · ould b e glad to g oo He c ame on to the sta tion .and wi t nessed the booking of the p:dscnerso He l ate:r. c ame to the De t., Offj c-.e and q uest ioned Capt 0 Duncan on the xd:.--b,~ i n a Jice.ns e 0 to h 0 at pea!)Je, bec !)use of ti-.,.,;r vot- e , on--1.a.s t ni ght". · the Detroit, C':Jica ;:;o and MiJ •,ra ] kee riots, ~.nd..~ ne eroe s in tho se communitie s , h a d I!e then----i-mr:,~ized !'lds of t h-e-- to bo r esoJvAd. "I hope th at: •l t] nnta wouJd not have to go through wh a t De troit an.d other citi e s did, b:; t if this the way it mu st be done , it mus t be done", . Mr. '-J illimn s continues to l ash a wa y a t she 'PcJ i ca _Camm i ttee , C' 1 i e f ,Tenkins ., a...'11-....,d- - Hay or Allen . I~ c rit i c ise d t he Mayor , fo r not h av in g c ontra) of tbo -department s , und0 r hi--s- G - ~ - ~-g rre groas in r espons ible jobs, withi n the wat e r depar tment, board of- educa t i on and etc •• l1ext speaker Rev . J. D. ',lard: THIS OFFENS E 15 D EC LA RED: UNFOU N D ED . • • • •• CL EAR E D BY ARRES T • • • 0· D EXCEPT I O N ALLY CL E ARED 0 I NACT IV E ( NOT C L EARED ) . 0 SIGNED _ _ _ _ __ _ _ __ INV ES TI GAT I NG _ _ _ _ _ D A TE - - - -- -- - OFF I CE R S I G N ED - - - - -- -- ~ ~ ~ ~ - - OA T E - - - -- - - CH I E F OR CO MMAN D IN G OFF ! CER T HI S FORM IS U SE D B Y OF FI CER A SSIG NED T O A CASE TO REPORT P RO GRE SS A FT ER TH REE AN O SE V E N DA YS A N O_ WE E K L Y T H ERE· A F TER ALSO T O REP OR T SI G N IFICAN T D E V E L OPME N T S. �._ 1,.._ ' __ _ e page 3 FORM 32·0· 101 0 FF E N SE - -...,I-j ·.,... a~::~;s~f""1~ e-c.....,t;....,i~l~lg-- SER I AL NO. SUPPLEMENTARY OFFENSE REPORT -~9,_..-.._,7,__5....,7,,_. COMPLAIN ANT _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ __ ATLANTA POLICE D E PARTM E NT 175 DECATUR ST . , S. E. ADD RE ss ATLANTA, GA. --F-:uf+n - t-e-r,~~.-a....n .....d,_.C,~-h...,e-s-t--r-.l-u-t---------- ADDITIONAL DETAILS OF OFFENSE, PROGRESS OF INVESTIGATION, ETC. Rev. :.rard stated t hat h1'3 wo . .tld at~a.::k the boa..!.'d of educ a tion, Dr~ letson and others, aJon g tr,,o 1:2ajn l:i nes • . One through demonstrations, on:l-41w-o, through the ballot box ~ He told the rne0ting · t~.at the Alilan t;a 13oard of Education and Dr. Ietson, had aareed to meet with a cam:mjttee on ~I~ ·In~D~'3.....P....,Y,--n......_.j ..g.,,..h.....t.,.__... a ....t~ · . . .,·,'.:'. ,J.....,x,.,.._...,.n....,J1....,_· -~ ~0 U ,£; 0~1*' , Y' ', T,-,,,.s O~~.----<.f- 'h.... ~ ~ ,,., l-,.,.,. ..... U v ~ - a wuvr -- o uu s ± -~ ~v ~ u 1 v a CK l-,. • • inno vneir .J.., . • -G-Gm~ i - - go t e v e ryone po s3ible, to dtt e nd t Le m~e t;.i. ng. ::::t u te .:.ng that "~.J0 wil 1 07errnn the ro eti ng on Mond;;,y nigh t and if 1.rn d on't get 0 4*-at wo wa nt t he r e, we will-fill ever.y--Be-ard-H,:nnbers office on Tue sday mornjng . I--will par s ona lly be i n t ::e :~ayer' s eff iee, on Tue s das, i f we don't get wha t we want." After about one hundred peonl e arrived , it wa fi put to a vo1-e , t bo.t a pronos a l be submi ttP.d to,Pr0 s id PDt Jobn con, in t he-form of a tele gram , n ski ng b j ~h i e f Je n'!.dns fro m his appoi .... ....~ t. LJ.1,/l..Ut;;u t t· l%:t. i .t;~l d i u ! e ~t t a~ t time t ,.___e;i a~Ke ' d the y vot0.d unani mou s l y to send t he t e l ogram . aLWil that news papeP-Pcportcrs and poli c e to l ea \fe . -le t hen l eft. THI S O FFEN SE IS D EC L A R E D : UNF O U ND E D, • , • C L EAR::: D BY ARRES T , • , •• EXCEPT I ONALLY C L EARED I NACT I V E (NOT CL E ARED) . o. D 0 0 SIGNED E.A . - -~~ ~ J s+, G w ~ Yrt-PcE,l\rnold DA TE .-· ' ·. ,...: ..· // ~ S I G N ED - C -H I_E_F _O_R_C_O_M_M_A_ N _D_ I N_G_ O_ F_F~ ! C~ER T HI S FORM IS U SED BY OFFIC E R ASSIGNED TO A CASE TO REPORT P R OGRESS AF T ER T H REE AND SEVEN D AYS AND WEEK L Y THEREAFTER ALSO T O R EPORT SIGN I F I CA NT D E V E L OF'ME N TS . 9-7-6? - - - - - - -- �I , FORM32•O•10I 9-7-67 Press Conference •,· OFFENSE---- SUPPLEMENTARY OFFENSE - - - - - - - - - SERIAL N O . - - - - - - - Baptist Church · _ _ _ _ _ _ __ COMPLAIN ANT _ Ebeneza ______ _____ ____ REPORT ATLANTA POLICE DEPARTMENT 175 DECATUR ST., 5. E. ATLANTA, GA. Auburn Avenue at_Jackson ADDRESS _ _ ____ _____ _ _ _ _ _Street _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ ADDITIONAL DETAILS OF OFFENSE, PROGRESS OF INVESTIGATION, ETC. 1. or 2. Mr. Jessie Hill - 3. Rev. J. D. Ward - Spokesma n Operation Bread Ba_s_k_e_t_.________________ 4. Rev. Clyde i·Jilliams - l\!e tr :Y?oli tan Grass Root's Councilo Albert Davis - ?resident !Local Ch;:mter NAAO'. Coordinator Atlanta Summit Council. Dr. Dcwis o pened the ne,·Js conference at 2:35 P.M. with a sta ·~ ernent, 11 '.ve the v~riou s organi zation leaders since the Labor Day neekend have been in clos e conference a mong ourselves and with Dr. Martin Luther King, concerning the problems in Atlanta. We have urg e d Dr. King in view of these problems to corae to Atlanta and assist us in non-violent actio ns to alleviate them." Dr. Davis cited in series th e probless t hat he felt wa s facina .negro comn~nities: l. ~ie stated that the Atlanta Board of Education is naw holding double sessions in five negro schools and none in white schools. Furt he r that office e ~ ploy- ment in the c e ntr a l office for neg ro s in supe rvi so r y positions lag ged. 2. Une mployraent: pl o yed. Neg ros still r e main in the l ~rger p 2 rcentile among t he unem- According to Dr. 0a vis of the ten p2 rc~nt une moloyed in a given group only two percent were white. ? Je llou s ing: The Atlanta Housing Au ~horiti es ~ r e s till oracticing se g rega tion and also rnai11tainin~ se p arate o ff ice operation according to Dr. ~a vis. Ju stic e a nd the Police: Dr. ~~vis sta t e d he feels sure t ha t there was evi den c e of police brut al it y in the Dixie fli l ls area and a laxit y of cit y o ffici als in Tt-etienc in this .: field c n be brought to bear on th national crisi _ . It i our inc r mi ion nd ny b of th forth by the Co.l.LIIWi..a.:;,..ion Atl nt. Siner ly, t .T, t: E.T. Pr 1\l 21 fl+cio co; lv n All n, n Ricbud Jr. / c. ~ hr r ide.nt B'TK: j o Co - ndation pu1; ent d by you in n �July 30 , 1967 Offlce ot the ayor City of tlan City H 11 tlanta , Georgi De r Mr • ose : Attach d re so e ref ences which I would pr ct te your h ring 1th ayor 1 en nd Chi f J nkin 1 support of our telephone conv Uon of t other day. �T.RAFFIC FATALITIES TO DATE //32. 7: 56 A . M. May 21..i, 1967 Merr ill Ave . and Oakland Dro C. F. 11 . Victim, pedestr ~an was struck by vehicle t raveling s outh on Oakland Dro June ?.> 1967 33,JLi,35 2: 55 P.M. Fa irburn Rd. and Sewe ll Rd. C. M. 17, J.l1, C. M. 18. C.M. Victims , passengers in vehicle Hhich l eft roadway and struck tree . Victims thrown from vehicle. IIJ6Ml 37 J: 55 P.H. N.E.Freeway and Rail Hoad Bdge. W.M.16, W. F. 15. Victims, dr iver and passe nge r of vehicle which crossed fr om one side of road to other , the n str uck bi·idge abutment. 1138 z !/L o. 11: 07 P.M. 899 ~ . Rock Spr i ngs Road. W. M .J O. W. F. 81. Victim, driv er of vehicle #1 which str uck vehicle #2, hea d on o Vi cti m, passenre r i n vehicle #2 D.O.A . //39 June 2:;;, 1967 2 : 58P. M. 2176 Bankhea d Hvry . W. F. 72. Victim, dr iver of vehicle , cr ossed ce nter line and struc k vehicle #2 hea d on o II l, J.. 11 : OOP •~-1. June 20, 1967 1145 Pea cht r ee St . N.E. W. M. 5J. Victim, pedes t ria n, Peachtree St . Has struck b y vehicl e t rave ling north on �r //L2. 7 :J0 A. H. July 7, 1967 500 Ponce de Leon Ave. W. F. 66. Victim, pede str ian, walking on sidewa lk wa s struck by vehicle whick l ef t r oadway. //LJ. 5 :30 P .M. July 9, 1967 3200 block Collier Dr ~~ N.W., C. M.6. Victim, passe ne;e r in ve hi cle trave l ing by vehicle tr ave ling east on Colli er Dro i1es L which wa s struck LL. 12:15P.H. 1532 McPherson Ave .,S.E. W.F. # . Vict im, pedestri an, wh o ran in fron t of vehic l e tra ve ling eas t on McPherson Ave . IIL5. 6 : J OA . H. J uly 19, 1967 76 Whitel1 al l St. S.W. W.M.??? Victim, pcde strai n who fe ll from cu rb in to s ide of Bus whi ch was passing . �SIDNEY T. SCHELL ATTORNEY 1726 FULTON AT LAW NATIONAL BANK BUILDING ATLANTA , GEORGIA 30303 523-6001 July 14, 1967 Honorable Ivan Allen Mayor, City of Atlanta City Hall Atlanta, Georgia Dear Mr. Mayor: I enclose herewith a copy of a letter that I have written on behalf of the Executive Board of the Joel Chandler Harris Memorial Association to Eliza K. Paschall. One of the salient reasons for the enclosed reply to the letter of Mrs. Paschall has been the receipt of threats by several members of the staff at the Wren's Nest that it would be stoned or burned unless its visitation policies were changed. I think it rather disgraceful that these dedicated ladies, who are attempting to maintain a memorial to one of the South's outstanding literary figures, should be subjected to such threats and abuse. Acts and conduct of this kind and character do more to promote friction between the races in Southwest Atlanta than can be counteracted by various organizations that are attempting to peacefully integrate the area. On behalf of these good ladies, I call on you, as Mayor of the City of Atlanta, for such police protection as may be necessary to maintain the dignity of their person and property. I am taking the liberty of sending a copy of this letter to Honorable Herbert Jenkins, Chief of Police. Kindest personal regards. Very truly yo? STS : ebV cc: Hon. Herbert Jenkins ~~ . Sidney T. Schell ,J~ �SIDNEY T. SCHELL ATTORNEY AT LAW 1726 FULTON NATIONAL BANK BU I LDING ATLAN TA, GEORGIA 30303 52 3- 6 001 Jul 14, 1 7 {rs . El a K. P SC 11 ecutiv Director CotDnlmity tious .u..t.L.0~1011 1203 Ci y l Atl nt, G or 30303 tter of June 28, 1967, C n 1 r Harri . W. , Atlanta, , lead that om110sed o ter ·• •• l l . I.ala ; r t nt of 1050 Gordo t for rt.al thtl rl••· �r/ · - -· ·----- - ., I I HARV ARD UNIV ERSITY Augu s t 1, 19 6 7 THE POLICE CHALLENGES AND CHANGES IN AT LANT A by H. T. J enkins I, II II Sinc e the beginning of modern day local gove rnment, as we know it, th e polic e powe r ha s be en the v e hicl e that e nforces the w i shes of local officials. The p olic e powe r i s a t w o ~e dge sword and when it is misuse d , it c ause s local governments to fail to furnish th e service th at it wa s d es i gne d t o furnish a ll o f its citi zens. I O riginally p olic e services we r e furnish ed b y volunteers and local citize ns und e r th e supe rvi s io n of a J u s tic e of th e P eace. This was known as th e "hue and cry 11 systerr1 th a t d epend e d u pon th e fr i ends and re l atives of t he v i ctims of crime, to apprehend and p rosecut e th e perp e trators. ' �- 2 "" In 1829 Sir Robert Peal e org anized the Metropolitan London Police D e p artment and l a id the foundation on what is based all metropolitan police systern.s of the free w orld today. ( This was the first tin.1. e that a local govermnent en1.ploye d a full tiine uniform polic e forc e and accepte d all of the responsibility to pre vent cri1ne and to arrest and prosecute all law violators. Thi s system provide d · for a division of uniform officers, or constab l es as th ey were call e d at that ti1ne, to patrol and to furnish a day watch and a night watch , also a plain cloth e s or detective division; The duti es and responsibilities of th e police has ch a n ge d very littl e sinc e th a t time and are d e signed t o maint a in th e p eace and good ord e r, to pr eve n t c rime , to prot e ct l ife and prop e rty, to . enfo r c e th e l aw and t o g u ar antee the £re e do1n of th e indi v idua l. �- 3 u The A1ne rican cop that you see working his b eat today 3 gets his nickname from the abbreviationof "Constable of Police ' 'c This system has be e n ch ange d and expande d continuously by adding specialized s e ction s , such as police training, traffic control, fing erpr i nting , crime l ab or ator ies, community relations , cri1ne comn,issions and n,any othe rs. The great est deterent to crime and the 1nost effective crime p revention program re1nains the Night Watch and the Day Watch by qualifie d unifor m police officers. The mos t important funct i o n of a police d epar tment to successfully 1ne e t chang ing condition s tod a y 3 are polic e r e cruihn e nt a nd police trainingc The odor e Roo s e v e lt r e c o g ni z e d thi s rn 1895 w h e n h e was Police Corrun i ss ion e r of N ew Yor k City a nd o rgani z e d the fi rs t polic e a c ade m y, o r the fi r s t p olic e t rai ning p rogram for a l ocal c it y poli ce d e part m e nt. \ �i - 4 - The police d e partn1ent that has b een mo s t succ e ssful in.me eting the challeng e of today, ar e those d e parhne nts that have the ~best tr a ining progran 1, and a r c best pr e pared to meet ( I changing conditions from. day to dayo The Atlanta Polic e Departme nt h a s not b ee n up to full authoriz e d strength for many years, for th e siinple reason that a young r:nan, who 1s qualifie d to m eet the high standards of the police d e p a rhne nt i s not willing to subj e ct him s e lf to th e dan ge rs and th e h azar d s of th e job, or subj e cting hi1-nse lf and hi s family constantly to i nv es tig a tion s, ridicul e and critici sm. H e c an ear n a b e tt e r liv i ng fo r h e and hi s f a1-nily a n d e njoy a b ett e r a n d mor e pl e a sant life by follo w ing some othe r v o c ation. ( To fill t h e s e v a c a n c i es an d t o p rovi d e th e n e cessary cov e r ag e a n d p a t ro l , th e Atl a nt a Poli c e D e p a rt me nt h as a dopt e d one - m a n p a tr o l ca r s • ~.. . I �- - - - --------- ---------- - ----------·- -·- -·-- - 5 - This is a highly controvers i a l subject and has brought great criticisrn to th e chie f of policeo This is a subject th at is quit e oft e n n1isunder stood and often e1notio.n ally i f I contro lled. I 1° I I When a polic e offic er is injured or killed in line of duty, it gets lots of publicity and there are those who sincerely beli e ve th e I II i I I incident would have been prevented by t wo ~man patrol I~ cars, but the facts do not support this belief 0 We adopt e d th e on e- m a n patrol cars for th e follo w ing reasons: lo The records , both loc a lly and nationally, w ill show that mor e polic e I o ffic e r s ar e kill e d in t w o - n1. a n p a trol cars than i n one - m an patrol car s . 2. A 1na j ority of the call s an swere d by th e polic e , d o not r e quir e any action by th e p o lic e , only r e qui re counc ili ng a n d g i ving o f adv ice. �----- ---~------- - - ------- -------- - - -- - -------- - - ----- -------- ·- - -- ·- - - - - 6 3. N When a police offic e r needs to call for assistance, he has twice the numb er of u n it s to call on, and h e can get n1.ore help quic ker th a n h e could otherwise. 4. It is good sound polic e 1na.nage1nent that requires an officer to do his f. o wn thinking, to use his iniative and imagination, and to d evelop a hi g h e r d egree of performance 5. 0 For the Atlanta Polic e D e parhnent to arbitrarily adopt the h v o-m an patrol, would cause the nUJnb e r of patrol unit s and th e police service to b e cut ·. 1 h a lf, or it v-rnuld require a ll police p e r sonne 1 to w ork seven d ays p er week, in stead of five days. To ove rcome t hes e and other handicaps, the city i s c on stantly striving t o inc r ea se pol ic e com p e n s a tion and fring e b e n e fit s , ( . which 1nak e p o lice s e rvic e s extr e m e ly e x p e n s ive fo r the t axp a y e r . �- 7 - This requires complete coope ration and understanding behveen the business c01n1nunity and the city officials. The needs and increased demands for additional city services has confronted I. i our city with a l a rg e financial proble1n 0 This is cornplicate d by the r e fusal of the state government to allow the city to broade n its t a x bas e . Th e main source of income for the city is from ad valore1n taxe s. It i s b e lieve d by mos t t a x exp e rts that r e a l est a t e a nd p e r s o n al propert y is alr e ady b e ing tax e d to its li1n it. A r ecent s u rve y by th e N a tion a l L e agu e of Cit i es p re dict e d that Ame r ic a n citie s w ill e x p e rie 1}ce a r e v e nue d e fici enc y of 262 billion doll a r s i n t h e n e x t t e n y ear s . C r i m e agai ns t p rope rty and c r i m e a g ain s t th e p e rs on continu e s to i ncr ease y ear by y e ar ~ w hi l e the p rot e c ti o n of l i fe and p r o pert y b e co1ne s m o r e complicate d a n d e x p e n s i v e . �·------- ··- ------------- -··--· - ·· ----·--- -- -~--- -I ·- - - - - - 8 - There is no corrunon cause for crime , the refore there is no con~mon cure, but a con1bination of 1nany things. The records will show that n~ost crim.e s are com1nitte d by repeaters, ( persons who hav e already been tried and convicted of a similar crime. They have escap e d or they are out on bond, or the y are on probation or parole. I had an opportunity r e c e ntly to t e sti fy befor e a Cbngr e ssional Committe e that was holdin g h earing s on "The Safe Str eet and Crime Control Act. The City of Atl ant a support e d this act 100%, but I we nt eve n furth e r 0 I look e d for w a rd to th e d a y w h e n the U. S. Ju s tic e D e partme nt and th e U. S. Cong r e s s w ill say to eve ry city polic e d e p ar t m e n t , r egardl e ss of i ts si z e - �I If your departnlent meets all the p r ofessional standards in police recruibne nt~ police pay, poli~e tr a ining, and polic e supervision, the F ederal Governnlent w ill contribute a p e rcentag e of your annual budget .. - it should b e about 50%. The . greatest obj e ctions to this is the fear of c entral or fed eral control. I was aske d reeently in Washington if I was adv ocating a national police forc e. Well, I am not a d vocating a national police forc e, but th e thought of it do es not fri ghten me any 1nore. I Th e Atlanta Polic e D e partment devot e s most of its tim e and effort in enfor cing state and fed e ral l a w s, rathe r than city ordina nc e s. I To enfor ce f e d e ral l aws , it i s n e c e s sary to a cc e pt a cert a i n a m ou nt of fed er al co nt r ol and to foll ow f e d er al pro ce du res. �( - 10 - We have no choic e in these rn.att e rs now , and personally. I have no obj e ction s o Th e time h a s come wh e n th e b es t e ffort s and r esourc e s of the fed e ral, state a nd loc a l go ve rnrn.e nt a r e required to m eet th e high cost of law enforc e ment and to che c k and r everse th e tr e nd of i n crea s ing crime that we have b ee n exp er i e ncing 111 r e c e nt y ea r s . W e r e ad and h ear a l o t of c ritic i s rn dir e c t e d t o th e courts, esp e ci a lly to the U. S . Sup r e rn.e Cour t. I am not o n e of tho s e w ho join in this critici sm.• P e r son a lly I h a v e no criticism of th e c our t s o r any of th e ir d ec i s i ons , . ( I fo r t h e s i m pl e rea so n th a t t he ob j e c tive s and t h e ultimat e go a l s of the c ourt s, and th e p o lic e , a re id e n tical -- which i s - �-. 11 - To rn.aintain the peace and good .order _ .., To preve nt crime - - To protect life a nd prope rty -(_ To enforc e the l aw-- And, to guarante e the fr e edom. of th e individual. Thi s w e c a n a ll agre e on. The n, the only dis ag r ee 1ne nt b e t wee n th e c ourts and the polic e are - - h ow w e ac h i eve these go a l s. Wh e n th e c ourt s and the polic e di sagree , t his i s a n indicati on to m e , t hat the polic e ar e i n e rror and m u s t change the ir actions ac cor d i n g ly. ( I t i s not, however , p o ss ibl e t o fur n i sh 100 % se c u rity and 10 0 % fr ee d om t o a ll c iti zens of t hi s n a tio n a t th e same time . Judge Thurgood M ar shall r ecently r e pli ed to a 1 questi on fro1n S e nat or J oh n 'McC l e llan t hat t h e c r i n 1e rate i n t his nation was cr i tical , �( - 12 - but it 1nust b e fought within the fr a m ework of the Constitution, and it 1nust not b e reduc e d at the exp ense of the freedo1n of the individual 0 It app ears to 1ne that the courts in s01ne ca ses might have given fre edo1n of the i n dividual regardless of hi s conduct, top p ri o r ity over all oth er rights and considerations. I would r es pectfully sugg e st th at we might t ake another l ook at this proposition. The cas e s that are most frequently di scusse d are - The Mallory case The Escobedo cas e The Mapp case and, th e Mir a nda case. There h ave b een many documents and articles wr itte n on these cas es '-- - - - - - - - c ~- - and a gre at many s p ee c h es made , both pro and con, but fri e fly this is w h a t h appene d i n these cases. �l r I - 13 - MALLORY VERSUS UNITED STATES Mallory w as arrested in Washington, D. C. on April 7, 1954. He was detained i n Washington jail and charg e d w ith rape 0 Afte r consid e rabl e ques tioning , h e adrnitted the charg e. H e was l ate r tried and convicte do In 1957, the U. S. Supreme Court r eversed the conv iction and state d that 11 11 A suspect must be taken b e fore a Magistrate w ithout An y unn e ces sary d e lay w ill i nvalidate a confession obtained from the accu se d p er son p r ior to his appE;a r ance b e for e a Magistrate. 11 ESCOBEDO VERSUS ILLINOIS Escob e do was arreste d in Chic ago, Illinois, on J anuary 19, 1960, and wa s charged with rnurder . �. ~ 14 - He asked for an attorney and his attorney asked to see him. Both were denied 0 I I I ~ Later h e co11£e ss e d and was trie d and convicte d. In 1964, the U. S. Supr eme Court r eversed the conviction and state d 11 A p e rson has a right to an attorney and the right to rema in silent. 11 MAPP VERSUS OHIO Mr s . :tvfapp was arres t e d in Cleveland, Ohio, on M a y 23, 1957, after officers forc e d th e i r way into h er home without a _. warrant, and found obscene mater ial. The officers d enied h er attorne y entry during the search, nor would they p e rmit Mrs. Mapp to see him. She was l ater tried and c onvicted. �1 - 15 - I n 1961, the U. S. Supr eme Court rever se d th e conviction and stated that evidence c anno t b e used u 1 any court if collecte d in a search a nd se i zure that is unr eas onable or ill egaL MIRANDA VERSUS ARIZONA Miranda was arrested i n Phoeni x , Arizona, on March 3, 1963. He wa s d e tain e d in th e Phoeni x j a il and charge d w ith k idnappin g and rap e . After co ns id erab l e qu e stioning , h e ad1nitte d the ch arge. H e was t r i e d and convicted. In 19 66, the U. S. Suprern.e Cou rt r eversed the conviction on th e gr ou nds that h e was not advis e d of his right to counse l, and the right to remain silent. I c anno t agree that th ese cases have l egally hand icapp ed th e polic e i n any way . But, I b e l ie ve we can agr ee th a t t he ch ange s that th e se ca ses required · in police pro ce dur e ha s mad e polic e w ork more comp li cat ed and much mor e exp e nsive, b e c ause they put s evere r es t rictions on cust odial in te r rogation. �- 16 - To cornpletely inv e sti gat e a cas e and d etermine all of the facts prior to th e arrest of the su s p e ct, requires n1ore investigators and a gr eat d eal 1nore ti1ne and effort, but this is legal and n e c essary to protect the rights of the individua l, and in th e s e ca ses the p er p e tr ator is the individual. Th e ques tion th at dis t urb s 1ne , and ha s not been answered up to this point, is, 11 w h at a bout the rights of the v icti1n? 11 They a l so a r e entitle d to protection u nd e r the l aw. It i s very ea s y t o forget a victi1n aft e r the first 11 spl ash 11 of publicity, an d after the p e rp e trator h a s been i dentified and t aken i nto cu stody. All of these ar e routin e police pr obl e ms that address the1nselves to good police n1 an a ge1ne nt. �/ - 17 - The greatest challenge that has fac e d a c i ty or a police dep a rtment esp eci ally in th e S outh, h as b een th e socia l and r a cial .. r evolution th at we h ave expe rienc e d in the l ast t wenty y ears • •••• where custo1n and t radition versus the l aw, and i n most c as es w her e the fed e ral law and the state l aw were 1n conflict or contradicte d each othe r. For many y ears th e American Negro was segregate d and di s criminated agains t b e c a u se of th e color o f h is skin, and kept i n a po s i _tion of second a ry c itize ns hip . S eg r egation was neve r d es i g n e d t o s e p a r a t e the rac es , but to k ee p the N egr o in his infe r i or pl ac e . It was wr itte n i n t h e l aw , and it w as th e l aw. During th ese y ears th e p r i ncip l e fu nc tio n of t he police was t o k ee p the N egro i n h is pl ace. �- - - --- -- - - - --- - - - - · · - --- - - 18 - Th e Presid ent of the Unite d St a t es, the Mayor of the City of Atl anta, Ralph McGill, Editor of the Atlanta Constitution, and many oth e rs saicl this was w rong and 1nust be chan ged. Th e U. S. Sup rerr1e Court h e ld in m a ny ca ses that this \vas uncon stitutional and th e Am e rican N e gro was entitle d to all the rights and privile ges th a t goes with first cl ass citizenship. In 19 4 5 th e court s gave the N eg ro es the b a llo t. Thi s was th e first ti1ne that th e Arner ican N e gro could a ctua lly p articip ate in th e 1nanage1n e nt of his government . I n 1954 th e cou rts h e ld s eg r egat e d schools t o b e unl awful and u nc o nstituti onal. P erhap s these t wo d e c isi ons effecte d more p e op l e, brou g ht ibout a greater ch ange i n attitude , habits , customs and action, than any other d e c i s i ons. ' I I f B e t wee n th e y ears of 19 5 8 a nd 19 63 the City of Atl ant a rece i ve d c our t I · ord e rs t o d esegre gate _ .,, �19 ~ bus es golf courses scho o ls air t e r n1.i na ls s w i1nn1.ing p o ol s and o t h er public f a ciliti e s Th e Ciiy of Atl ant a n e ver h e s itat e d or d iscontinued a ny p ubli c f ac ility in an effort to avoid t h ese c h a nges. Fo rmer Mayor Willi a1n B. Hartsfie ld a nd Mayor I v an A ll en, J r. p rovi ded superior l eadershi p w i th fin e cooper a t i on and assi stance fro 1n both th e w hit e com1nunity l eaders and the Negro co1n1nunity l eaders. All of th ese changes were accomp li shed w i th a mini mum of di sturbances. The Ciiy of Atlanta began e1np l oying Negro p olice i n 1948 and today 14% of our tot a l personi1e l i s N egro. �\ .. 20 = During th e des eg r e g a tion of public faciliti e s~ public officials were und e r great pr e s s ure to d ese greg 2.tc p r i vate prope rty and private facilities, o ve r which the y had no control. On e of th e n,o s t e ffe ctive civ il rig hts or gani zations i n th e s e activitie s was the Stud e nt Non=vio l ent Coordinating Connnittee know n as S N CC. O r i gin a lly SNCC w a s co1nposed of r es p ect a ble and d ecen t l aw abiding stud e n t s fr o1n the u n i versiti es , tha t was committe d to and pr ac tice d non~ vi o l ence . W e enj oye d f i ne con,n,unications and coop erat i on fro1n t hem. The y we r e just agai nst se gr egati on, othe r wise the y were go od l aw ab iding citizens . By 1964 SNCC had fall en int o the h and s of i rresponsib l e l eaders , and t heir fo llowers includ e d crimin a l s of a ll k i nd. �-- - - ----- - - - - - .• 21 -~ Aft e r our experience w ith SNCC i s and around son1.e Atlanta restaurants I I I I I in 196 4, I 1nade the st a ten1.ent: that SNCC had b e con1.e a Non-student Violent C01nrni1..-te e and time has proven i! i I th a t s t atement to b e true. ! I Th e U. S. Congr ess h a d been extre1ne ly slow in accepting changes and in h e lping th e col.uts and th e cities ,v ith th e ir probl en1s . But the U. S . Con gress gave the Civil Rights Move1nent its greate st I as s ist ance I- 111 adopting the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and 1965. Th ese Acts in my opinion, s a ti sfy a ll th e l egiti1nate complaints of th e Civil Rights Moveme nt in th e fie ld of publfo accomod a t ions and voting rights. Th ere w e r e 1na11y oth e r things th at n e e d e d att e ntion, li ke ern.ployme nt, housin g , r e c re ation and l a w enforc e ment. And, again th e City of A tl a nt a n eve r h e sitate d. \ �- --··- -- - --- ·------- - ----- ·-----··--·--- - -··--- - - ---· --- ~ - - - - - --- ---· 22 - They 1noved r ight into these activities w ith all the vigor and resourc es avail a b l eo I n 1965 Mayor I van A lle n, Jro a ppointe d th e Atlanta C o1n1ni ssion on C r irn e and Juve nile Delinqu e ncy. U. So Judg e Griffin B e ll was appointed Chairrnan~ a l ong w ith 26 othe r very distingui shed and able citize ns. Jud ge Bell appoint ed a ve ry ab l e attorney,· Fr an cis Shack l ef ord, a ,l. general counse l, and eig ht other young attorn e ys, to act as staff for th e Con1.m.ission. Judge Be ll th e n di v ided th e C om1nission into six sub-~co1nmittees - Juveni l e D e l inque'.ncy Rehab ilit ati on Crirne and H e a lth C r i m e and Pove rty Law and Ord er Org anized C r imea �--------- --- T he co1T11-r1ittee 1ne n1.b e r s were s e l e ct e d and a p pointe d on the b asis of t h e ir inte r est and a bilit i e s i n the i r spe cia li ze d field. Th e C on.1.miss i.on 1nad e an i n - d epth study of a ll the c aus e s and c ur e s of c r i n.1.e rn Atl anta. Jud ge B e ll h e l d w eek l y n 1.eetings w i t h the Corn.1n i ss i o n and pr e p a r e d the i r r e p ort u nder the Titl e o f 11 0 p p ortunity for U rb an E xce llence 11 • An1.ong oth e r things t h e C on1.1ni ssion fou nd tha t c rin1.e and pove rty were t w i ns that c ould not b e s e p a rate
  • Tags: Box 12, Box 12 Folder 30, Folder topic: Police Department | 1967
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 12, Folder 30, Document 3

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_012_030_003.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 12, Folder 30, Document 3
  • Text: CITY OF ATLANTA DEPARTMENT of POLICE Atlanta 3, Georgia Se p t e ber 21 , 196 7 HERBERT T . JENKINS Ch ief Mr . Geo r g e Roy a l Ma y or ' s Of f ice Ci ty Ha ll 68 Mi tc he ll S tr ee t, S . W. At labt a , Geor 6 i a 3030 3 Dea r Lr . R:::>ya l: / I n r ega rds to t he petitiJ n from t h e mo t hers a t the Wa r re n JacksJ n Sc hoo l f or a ~ chJo l Tr aff ic Pol i c e Woma n, we are now attempti ng t o fil l t is position . Bef o1·e t he s c h ool y e~ r be~an I ne t wi t h Mrs . arie Smor t, pr: ncipa l, a nd at t ha t time we d id no t a nt i ci pate a need f:::> r a pol ice woma n . Aft er lear nin 6 of t his petitio n a nc a c a l l from hr::; . Smart , we made a no th vr sur vey and t8 l ked t o se v era l parents . Some in di c . ted they woul d l et their c hi l dren wa l k if there was a Traffi c Poli c e Woma n o n duty . There are about 25 to 30 students wsl~i ng or ridin 6 oicycles to schoo l, usinJ or c r o s s i n6 "It • Pa r a n 1-{ J b d • l t . Pa r a n R J a d i n the s ch o J 1 are a is a ve ry narrow ro.sid i-Ji. th tnany Stlarp curv e s . There are no sidew a lks in this area . I ha ve re ceived permissi:::>n from my sup erior off i cers and the cJmptroller ' s offic e to hire a Tr ~ff i c Police Wowan at this school . The s c hoo l a nd the Pa r e nt Teacher ' s Associatio n are now assisti ng me i n findi nb a n applicant for this posit~on ~ .Respectfully, (1// ~ ~ Lt. C. V. Forrest e r �
  • Tags: Box 12, Box 12 Folder 30, Folder topic: Police Department | 1967
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017