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• Tags = Folder topic: R. Earl Landers | Local Education Commission | 1964-1967

### Box 6, Folder 2, Document 5

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• Title: Box 6, Folder 2, Document 5
• Text: Tentative ' i ONE DISTRICT FOR ATLANTA AND FULTON COUNTY SCHOOI..5? ,. t i i Studie~ of public education in the Atlanta and Fulton County school districts have been underway most of the time since the early years following the close of World War II. The continuous and rapid growth of the Atlanta metro- politan area and the character of this growth have focused attention on problems and issues many of which strongly influence the public schools. The desire of citizens to provide educational programs of high quality has stimulated constant concern for the satisfactory resolution of these problems and issues. The quest for better schools is a thread which runs through all of the various special studies of education during this period. Some of the studies were authorized by one or both of the local school boards, while others were authorized by the General Assembly of the State of Georgia. in The latest of those initiated by the General Assembly was authorized 1963. It created a Local Education Commission composed of nineteen citizens from the two school districts. The Legislature empowered the Commission 11 to study the desirability and feasibility of combining the school systems of Fulton County and the City of Atlanta, including the portion thereof lying in DeKalb County; to provide that said Commission may draft a plan or plans for the combining of such school systems and submit same to members of the General Assembly from Fulton and DeKalb Counties." This Commission can profit from previous studies by taking into account their findings and conclusions as they relate to consolidation. �2 BRIEF REVIEW OF PREVIOUS STUDIES The question of whether or not the Atlanta and Fulton County school districts should be combined into a single district has been debated for a good many years. The Local Government Commission of Fulton County gave considerable attention to the consolidation issue in a report of its studies which was issued in 1950. The Commission did not recommend merger of the two school systems be- cause of (1) the "huge cost that would be involved in raising the county system up to city salary and kindergarten standards", (2) the "vast physical job involved in consolidation." However, the Local Government Commission did not set forth educational reasons as a justification for not recommending consolidation. The report stated that its proposals should not stand in the path of ultimate unification of the two school districts and expressed the view that it would be easier to effect ccnsolidation after changes had been made which minimized the differences in the two school systems. The Commission f urther expressed the view that combin- ing of the schools would be made easier "if in the meantime the tri-ci ties and the rural areas would assume a larger share of their school costs." However, the Commission did recommend certain changes which have had a profound effect on education in the Atlant a-Fulton County school districts. The report, known as the Plan of Improvement, recommended greatly enlarging the city limits of Atlanta and the consolidation of certain city and county services. This plan, as later put into effect by the General Assembly, resulted in the transfer of about 40 Fulton County schools and nearly half of the school en- rollment in the County district to the school district of Atlanta. Furthennore, 72 per cent of the taxable wealth to support schools in the County district was included in the annexation. These changes took place in 1952. �3 Even though the two separate school districts remained in reality, a substantial step toward consolidation took place because of the reduction in the number of schools and in enrollment in the Fulton County district and the subsequent increase in the Atlanta district. Unfortunately, severe financial problems were created in what was left of the Fulton County school district because of the l arge proportion of taxable wealth to support schools which was · transferred into the city district. The financial woes of the Fulton County schools have increased steadily since that time. The General Assembly of Georgia created a Local Education Commission of Atlanta and Fulton County in 1958 to make a study of their educational systems and to draft a plan or plans for their improvement, submitting the plan or plans to the members of the General Assembly from Fulton and DeKalb counties. Act stated that 11 The such study shall give f ull consideration to the position of such systems within the total educational syst em of the State of Georgia, and t he plan or plans shall include any changes i n political and administrative and fis cal structure of either or both of such systems which t he Commission deems desirable and feasible. 11 Thus, concern for consoli dation appears in this legislation and in t he assignment of dut ies to t he Commis sion. This Commission first gave at tention to the legal problems which would be involved in consolidation. Mr. G. Stanley J oslin, Professor of Law at Emory Universi ty, was commissioned t o study the legal considerations which woul d be necessary if consolidation were undertaken. Mr . Jos l i n prepared a mem9randum for the Commission on t hese matter s . The memorandum emphas ized an important t echnical distinct ion between merger and consolidation, thus indicating two distinct ways in which unification might be achieved. Merger would involve one system becoming a part of the other, thus taking on all the powers and limitations inherent in the system which absorbed it. Consolidation means a completely new school system which would be �4 created from the present Atlanta and Fulton County districts. would cease to exist when the new district crune into being. These districts The newly-created district would be new in every respect, including provisions for a board of education, school truces, debt limitations, administrative officials, and operational procedures. Mr. Joslin stated that the new system could be constituted in a way that would permit the addition of other :.;chool systems or parts of such systems when ·and if the citizens affected so desi red. No major legal difficulties need be involved in consolidating the t wo systems according to Mr. Joslin. He r ecommended that if a decision is made to combine the two systems, consolidation would be better than merger. If merger were to be decided upon, fewer legal difficulties would be involved if the city system joined the county system rather than if the county system joined the ci ty system. The Commission then tUined its attention to other aspects of the consolidation i ssue . Considerable r esearch was conducted to deter mine the economic and financial advantages and disadvant ages of unifying the t wo dist ricts. The Commission becrune greatl y interested in the educational implicat i ons of consolidation. Thereafter, it viewed consoli dation primaril y in terms of opportuni- ties which could be provided for improving education in the met ropolitan area. After a careful study of the advant ages and disadvantages of consolidation, the Commission decided that "consolidat i on is neither desirable nor practi cable at this t ime . 11 I t went on to st ate that "consolidation will be much more feas- ible , in our judgment, if and when (a ) the two separat e syst ems have adopted s:iJnilar policies with respect t o kindergartens, (b) t eacher pay scales of the two systems are either ident ical or at l east much closer together than at present, ( c ) citizens of the Fulton County school district have voted to eliminate the Homestead Exemption for school operating true purposes, and (d) the Atlanta-Fulton �s County area has successfully passed through the impending school desegregation crisis. 11 Stated another way, the Commission found itself favorably disposed toward consolidation but did not believe the time was right for the transition which would be required. It stated that mere consolidation of the two school districts~~ would be neither good nor bad. The values of such a move lie in whether or not better schools could be provided for the metropolitan area than could be provided by two separate systems, and as economically. However, the Commission did not. drop the idea of improving schools in the metropolitan area by means of improved organizational arrangements. It concluded that a number of the advantages of consolidating the school systems could be achieved through the creation of machinery for joint action and for the development of joint programs by the Atlanta and Fulton County boards of education. Separate and independent action of the two boards on matters involving common interests lack the strength of joint action and would be less economical in cost. The search for ways to improve schools convinced the Commission that continuous research and experimentation were necessary if the improvement program it recommended was to be successfully executed. Furthermore, the demands on education are such that continuous research and experimentation are essential for a school program which is suf'ficiently up-to-date to meet current needs. These are examples of undertakings which would be more productive if engaged in j ointly by the school systems rather than if each system developed its own separate programs. To achieve these purposes, the Metropolitan School Development Council was created as a separate entity to serve both school systems and to be controlled jointly by them. The Council is the instrument through which many recommenda- tions of the Local Education Commission have been achieved in full or in part. Its success is a demonstration of the ability and willingness of the two boards �6 of education and their professional employees to work cooperatively for better schools. The Council was viewed initially as a poss1ble intermediate step toward eventual consolidation. This assumption is supported by the success of the Council. The financial position of the Fulton County Board of Education rapidly deteriorated following the annexation program .of greater Atlanta which was completed in 1952. After annexation was complete, only 28 per cent of the former taxable wealth remained for the education of Fulton County public school students, while the number of students remaining was nexation. 50 per cent of the total prior to an- School population in the County continued to increase at the rate of about 7 per cent each year, thus creating capital outlay problems as well as the necessity of increasing operational budgets. By 1963-64, the Board of Edu- cation found it necessary to reduce school support because there was no longer tax leeway for increasing the school budget. All bonding capacity for building p"rposes had been utilized, also. · This dire situation prompted the Fulton County Boa=d of Education to appoint a Study Commission of ten citizens of the County to find ways and recommend ways to the Board for alleviating the financial crisis whfoh gripped the schools. The Commissi on projected school enrollments, capital outlay needs, and operational budget needs for the Fulton County schools through the 1972-73 school year, assuming that schools of at least present quality were to be maintained. Eleven different possibilities of financing the schools were considered, all of which proved to be inadequate, if taken singly. It recommended a combina- tion of alternatives for financing the schools of Fulton County, but it expressed grave concern for the future and recommended that the "study of what would be involved in merging the Fulton County and Atlanta school districts should be continued with a view to effecting such a merger when it is feasible." �7 All of these· studies gave serious attention to consolidation and without exception th0y concluded that the directions toward which the two school systems should move lead to consolidation. As stated in one of the reports, the question seemed to be not whether there should be consolidation, but rather when should consolidation be effected. DIMINISIIDJG BARRIERS In the meantime, certain of the barriers to combining the t wo school districts which were identified earlier have been either overcome or minimized. The State Minimum Foundation Program has been modified in ways which will not require a .financial sacrifice in state aid should the two districts be united, as would have been t he case earlier. The only loss would be the state alloca- tion for the salary of one superintendent, about $6,700, and there may be gains which would offset this loss, depending on the kind of new district to be created . The level of financial expenditures of the t wo districts has been brought cl oser · together, although troublesome differences r emain. Questions concerning kindergartens are perhaps t he most difficult. The trends in school desegregat i on appear to be clearl y established. Whil e citizens generally seem to accept desegregation as a reality, pr oblems which accompany the actual integrat i on of schools a.re prof oundly complex and their solutions a.re unclear. However, whether one or two school districts exist in Fulton County may be viewed as largely immaterial with reference to desegregation. Perhaps the most important change is the growth of the two systems toward the same basic assumptions concerning education and the increase in productive cooperative efforts between the two systems. This is progress toward the kind of unity which is essential to physical consolidation. �8 NEW Il1PERATIVES Meanwhile, other transitions of great importance have been taking place. Foremost among these is the widespread recognition that the provision of education of increasingly high quality is an essential requirement of all districts if its people are to remain in the mainst ream. of modern civilization. Neither the schools of yesterday nor the schools of today will be adequate for tomorrow. Cultural transitions are taking place ~ta rate of speed which quickly render obsolete much of current education. Intensive efforts to find the best ways of providing the needed education are underway in many school districts. The national government is keenly aware of these needs as is evidenced by its increasing support of education at all levels. Education is now recognized as the only effective way of eliminating poverty, achieving worthy personal objectives, and developing more satisfactory communities, states, and nations. The continued rapid growth of the Atlanta metropolitan area is another major f or ce which deepl y i nfluences the schools and how they should be organized. A population of three mill i on people i s pr ojected for the area by t he year 2000. The basic structure of l ocal gover nment in t he area has thus f ar been relati vely unaffected by this growth, except f or t he annexation program completed in 1952. These units of government, including t hose f or schools, become increasingly archaic as the metropolitan area continues its growth and development . A major aspect of urbanization is the fact that as size increases so does cultural diversity. This complexity of interests and abilities necessarily in- creases interdependence because a metropolitan area permits many kinds of specialization which are supplementary to each other and when taken together constitute the entire area. the whole. Hence, the status of a given unit in such a complex affects �9 This is why no part of a metropolitan area can afford a second-rate school system. Therefore, the present fiscal condition of the -Fulton County school district is a concern of the entire metropolitan area and not simply of the Fulton County school district alone. As pointed out above, a major imperative is the inability of the present Fulton County school district to sustain an adequate progr am of education. Since nothing has been done to alleviate the crisis in school finance underscored in the 1963 study, this imperative becomes more compelling. THE IMPORTANCE OF A GOOD SCHOOL DISTRICT Before taking a closer look at the question of consolidation, a brief discussion of school districts and their proper functions may be in or der. The American concept of public education includes provisions for substantial control of schools by local communities. The local school district, a creature of the state, was invented to enable people s erved by the schools to have a voi ce in their purpose and government. dist ricts in America. There are thousands of local school These district s vary greatly in size and i n population. They are easily classified into different t ypes accor ding t o the kinds of schools they provide. Much study of school di stricts by authorities suggests the f ollowing criteria for an adequate district : 1. I t should have enough children to educate to enable schools to funetion effectively and economically. 2.. It should be a reasonably complete social and economic unit. 3. It should have taxable wealth adequate t o provide healthy .local support. 4. It should have adequate bonding power for needed and anticipated capital outlay. �10 5. It should have tax leeway for both current operations and capital outlay. 6. It should have reasonable fiscal independence. These criteria were applied to the Fulton County school district in the 1963 study. It was found that the district could meet only the first criterion. It, therefore, by no stretch of the imagination could be judged as an adequate school district~ On the other hand, the Atlanta school district meets all of these criteria to a reasonable degree. Atlanta has already recognized a degree of responsibility for the Fulton County school district by supporting al½ mill countywide 'tax for support of Fulton County schools. If the two districts were combined, the single district would be a sound and adequate district, if established on the basis of proper legal provisions. REASONS FOR CONSOLIDATION The foregoing discussion traces the historical development of consolidation as an issue and reviews the findings and recommendations of previous studies as they bear on the question. Current developments and trends are also identified and interpreted in relation to their impact on the structure of education in the Atlanta metropolitan area. These facts point clearly toward a single school district. But the really persuasive reasons which should be considered in making a decision a.re concerned with consolidation as an instrument for achieving better educational programs for the metropolitan area, a more equitable support basis for the schools, and the provision of structural and procedural arrangements which will facilitate the economic use of personnel and financial resources in the ongoing development of more adequate education, and finally with the provision and stimulation of the research and experimentation which a.re essential �11 in the continuous improvement of education in the metropolitan area. These educational advantages to consolidation are listed and briefly discussed in the following pages. A Better School District Will Be Provided The discussion above concerning the proper functions of a school district and the characteristics of a sound district clearly justify this conclusion. Furthermore., sound principles of political science as they relate to units of local government support this conclusion. In addition., maintaining and foster- ing good relationships with other units of local government would be enhanced by a single district. These factors are obviously related to the ease and conven- ience of governing the local schools. Educational Opportunities~~ Equalized~ Easily The American dream has long stressed the right of every individual to secure an education. We now believe that every individual has the right to an education appropriate to his purposes., interests., abilities., and needs. Equality of edu- cational opportunity., therefore, does not mean the same education for all., but it does mean the same level of quality for all insofar as is possible. The extreme diversity of cultural interests and socio-economic backgrounds which . are found in the metropolitan area of Atlanta., and in a..~y other metropolitan area, require a wide range of educational programs adapted to these basic differences in people. The current nationwide concern for providing more realistic educational programs for children in slum areas is an indication of this kind of need. The Atlanta district is vastly heterogeneous in composition., while �~ ,.. 12 the Fulton-County .district is more homogeneous. Combining the two would make it possible to provide the variety of educational programs needed in a more economical and efficient manner. The equalization of educational offerings in the present school districts of Atlanta and Fulton County seems virtually impossible. A single district would contribute much to making this a manageable taak· with minimum difficulties, ~ and Needed Edupational Programs Could Be Provided More Economically Neither school district has yet provided post-secondary education programs for which there is great need. Perhaps the fastest growing trend in American education is the development of comprehensive junior colleges. These institu- tions provide two yea.rs of academic ,-rork either for terminal purposes or for transfer to a senior college. They also usually offer programs in vocational- technical education and in adult education. It is increasingly clear that con- tinuing -education is a must for the adult citizen of tomorrow. Furthermore, the kind of world in which we live requires increasing amounts of education.. A recent Educational Policies Commission report takes the position that we must provide two years of education beyond the high school at public expense for all high school graduates. Fulton County is not financially able to provide junior colleges. It would not be tha most economical plan for each district to provide its own junior col• leges. A program for the metropolitan area would provide the best means of meet- ing this emerging educational need. The two districts have already found it profitable to cooperate in the provision of vocational education as reflected by the new vocational school which is to serve both districts and provisions for a second such institution. �13 ~ Adequate 0,irricula ~ Special Student Groups Can Be Provided The variety of curricula required to meet the diverse edu,ca.tjooaJ. needs referred to abov.e means special -educational offerings for -small groups of selected students. Reference is made to groups o! children with serious physical handi- caps, those suffering from severe mental retardation, children with extreme emotional difficulties, the exceptionally bright, and those with unusual talents. Since such programs are needed for only small numbers of children, they can be provided more economically if the student population to be served is drawn from the entire metropolitan area rather than if the two present school districts offer duplicate programs. Furthermore, the educational quality of offerings can be more readily improved in a unified district. Certain Educational Programs and Services ~ ~ Provided ~ Satisfactorily The richness and depth of both t eaching and l earning are being enhanced by new discoveries concerning human growth and development . The cont ributions of science to the effectiveness of teaching and learning processes is increasing at a r apid r ate. Integrating into curricula the accelerating flow of new and use- ful subject matt er which the modern school program must offer if it is to remain effective is an i ncr easingly difficult problem. The modern school must be st affed by prof essional personnel who keep up with these continuing developments that affect their pr oductivity. Systemwide continuous career development programs for personnel have become a necessity. This is one type of educational service which can be provided better on a metropolitanwide basis rather than in terms of the present separate districts. The develop- ment and use of various learning resources and the appropriate utilaation of �r· 14 technological advances in teaching can be stimulated and fostered better t hrough a single school district. Required Improvements in Educational Quality ~~Achieved~ Readily The search f or better schools is a common thread running through all considerations involved in deciding the consolidation question. Unless the ultimate consequence of unifying the two school districts is a better quality of education, there is little need to pursue the issue. Improvements in financing schools in administrative and supervisory services, and in the scope and variety of educational offerings can be justified only in terms of their educational impor t. The concept of a metropolitan area which is basi c to the considerations of this paper demand an educational program for the Atlanta metropolitan area and not a seri es of separate and structurally unrelated programs. The s earch f or educational quality is now both universal and continuous . The pursuit of quality is compl ex in that i t i s concerned with everything that has a bearing on t he educational programs offered by a school district. The unification of such efforts would certainly strengthen t he opportunities and resources for enrichment of educational offerings. Comprehensive, Long-Range Planning Can Be More Effective The increasing magni t ude of educational r esponsi bi lity has been st ressed. The quantitative aspects of t his problem will cont inue t o increase. Project ions which have been made through the next several years show no letdown in the rate of population growth. The indicated increase in the educational load calls for the most intelligent planning of which the people responsible are capable. �Since this growth ignores school district lines, adequate planning for new enrollment must also ignore these lines insofar as actualities permit. Compre- hensive, long-range planning cannot be satisfactory if it is segmented on the basis of school district lines which have no con.st.ruct.ive significance in the context of the metropolitan area as a whole. - More Effective Solutions to Common Educational Problems Are Possible Educational problems are not confined to areas marked off by school district lines, as has b~en emphasized. Some educational problems are unique to certain types of districts, a.sis true of Fulton County and Atlanta. But many such problems are common to the districts of a.n area, state, region, or nation. which are common seem to be on the increase. Those The school district which embraces as nearly a self-sufficient socio-economic unit as is possible provides the best structural framework for the consideration of educational problems. Solutions t o these pr oblems should not be restricted by artificial district lines which i gnore t he facts of life. A unified district would provide for a more construc- t ive approach to problem solution than does the present dual appr oach. This is all the more important since most of the educational problems to be faced are common to the two dist ricts . ~ Effective Research Programs Can Be St imulat ed and Executed As good schools have become more central to per sonal and community advancement, the place of research in education has become more apparent. Sound analyses of existing programs, the identif'ication and description of strengths and weaknesses, and the determination of grounds for change require research. Planning �16 ahead so that there will be adequate classrooms and teachers for the children in school at the beginning of a given year rests back on sound research. School systems without strong research programs cannot achieve their maximum effectiveness. The complexity of a metropolitan area and the interrelationship of roles of its different segments require comprehensive research programs based on trends and needs of the entire area rat.her than of subdistricts which are separate school districts. Furthermore., economy and wise management dictate the metropolitan-wide approach to research. Needed Experimentation~ Educational Invention~ Be Achieved~ Readily Major advances in our society depend heavily on invention and experimentation . This fact is well recognized in the world of science and technology. The role of invention and experimentation in the improvement of social institutions such as t he schools is equally critical. Schools like the world in which they exist must change as their clientele changes . New cuITiculum materials must be developed and t ested on experiment al bases. New knowledge of human gr owth and development must be appl i ed t o teaching and l earning on experiment al bases. New teaching procedures and methods must be t ested through tryout and evaluation. Heavy reliance upon invention and experimentation are crucial to needed educational advancement. There is no need for the school systems within the metropolitan area to engage in separate programs of this nature. The interests of both can be served .better by unified programs., to say nothing of economies which could be effected. �17 More Extensive Use of Selected Educational Facilities and Lea.zning Resources Are Possible Centers for acquiring, creating, distributing, and servicing curriculum materials, filmstrips, video tapes, films, and the necessary equipment for appropriate use of these materials are becoming common. The creation of teaching materials for local use and on the basis of needs unique to the local situation is an important function of these centers. The use of television in teaching and in professional development programs is increasing. The needed facilities for extensive television programs in the metropolitan area can be centered easily in one location. It would be foolish to duplicate the above in different school districts serving the same metropolitan area. A single center can provide a constant flow of materials far richer and more comprehensive than would be possible with duplicate facilities in the separate dist ricts. Equity and Balance of Financial Eff ort and Support Can Be Achieved An axiom of educational finance which is accepted universally is that wealth should be taxed where it is i n or der t o educate children where they are. The most glaring deficiency in the structure of p1;_b lic education in the Atlanta area violates this axiom. The center f or commerce and industry is the City of Atlanta. Contributions of most Fulton County citizens to the economy of the metropolitan area are made largely in the City of Atlanta where they do their work. This wealth enriches Atlanta primarily, although the earnings paid to the individual may be spent wherever he chooses. The contribution of the city to support of s chools in the Fulton County district is al½ mill property tax. The industrial �r 18 wealth of the metropolitan area which is a major source of school revenue lies largely within the City of Atlanta. No equitable system of financial support and effort is possible which does not take into account these economic facts. A single tax program for schools in the metropolitan area with the revenues distributed according to educational need is the only satisfactory answer to t he financial dilemma of the Fulton County schools. This is Atlanta 1 s problem as well as Fulton County 1 s problem because of the previously stressed interdependence of the metr opolitan area. A s ingle school district would be the most simple and prudent way to achieve this goal. It should be pointed ouG that a new tax plan would be needed, for Atlanta is approaching the situation of Fulton County under its present tax system. Greater Financial Stability is Possible The disadvant ages of heavy r eliance on the property t ax f or the suppor t of schools are well known . The primary advantage is that revenues from property taxes fluctuat e l ess than do r evenues f r om more s ensit i ve baromet ers of economic health. Desirable stability in the financial structure of a school system in the final analysis is related to the s oundness of the economy and the fairness of the system of taxation. The better balanced the t ax pr ogram, the more stable the financial base of the schools. The more complet e the economic district or area served by the school district as an economy in its oi-m right, the more stable the local tax base for schools. It goes without saying that combining the Atlanta and Fulton County districts into a single school system would provide a far sounder economic base for year-to-year stability in school support. �19 Economies are Possible Consolidation cannot be justified as an economy measure, if this means an actual reduction in expenditures. Any plan for immediate unification of the t wo districts would really cost more than the sum of the current budgets of the t wo systems because cost s would be equaliz.ed upward instead of downward, assuming the same quality of education is to be provided in the entire district. Neverthe- less~ some financial economies are poqsible because of the elimination of duplicate programs and services which can be handled better through single systems. In this connection, special reference is made to experimentation and invention, research, certain district- wide programs and services, specialized curricula for small student groups , and others enumerated in the listing above. These programs could be pr ovided at higher quality levels on a unified basis at a lower unit cost than would be possible in dual pr ograms. However, t he gr eatest economic gain to consolidation would be in the creation of opportuni ties to purchase more with the educational dollar rather t han i n the utilization of f ewer educational dollars. This kind of economy i s certainly t o be sought and is of much greater :importance t han t he mer e saving of money . A good test of a s chool district is not how little money i t spends, but how much education it buys for its expenditures. The above i dentification and description of advantages t o consolidation are predicated on certain assumptions concerning the new s chool district. these assumptions are the following : ~mong an adequate legal base for the new district will be provided; an administrative structure which will make possible the necessary leadership for educational advancement in the metropolitan area will be created; an adequate plan for financing the new school district will be adopted, and emphasis on continuously improving educational quality and extending educational services will be continuedo Consolidation as such is of no value. It �20 is valuable only as it results in educational advancement , but i t will not guarantee such advancement. EDUCATIONAL DISADVANTAGES OF CONSOLIDATION Educational reasons why consolidation is not desirable must be viewed against the backdrop of advantages. It will then be possible to weigh the two sets of reasons and detennine the course of action which offers the most promise for educational advancement in the metropolitan area. It will be noted that reference is made to educational disadvantages rather than to other disadvantages or handicaps .which might have to be faced in effecting consolidation. A careful study of the educational problems which might result from consoli~ dation indicates that such problems are related primarily to the factor of size of the district. Some of these problems are discussed below. Difficulties~ Maintaining ~ Contr ol The capacity of schools to make needed adaptations which t alce i nto proper account t he educational needs of their neighborhoods is related to the size of dist rict s. Considerable uniformity of educational programs ,n t bin districts has been traditional. As a rule, the l arger districts off er a gr eater variety of educational needs which r equire much variation in of ferings . uniformity particularly undesirable in t hese di strict s . This makes Current efforts to devel op more realistic school programs f or chil dren in slum areas of cities is an example of the need f or differ ent kinds of pr ograms according to community backgrounds . A r easonable degr ee of contr ol mus t be vest ed in the local school community if these variations in educati onal needs are to be met. Neigh- borhood control gener ates local r esponsibi l ity, inter est and initiative which are essential to good schools. �21 Unhealthy Reliance on Bureaucracy Where local control is missing, decisions are removed from the local scene . Instead of the healthy exercise of community responsibility for schools , directives from the central office take the place of local initiative. Thus , bureau- cratic controls a,row up which inevitably stress uniformity and discourage the community autonomy which has been one of the great strengths of public education in America. There is evidence to show that the larger the district the more · dependence is placed on unhealthy contr ol f r om central offices which are f ar removed from the people. Inadequate Invention and Experimentation Many very large school districts have been notably l acking i n educati onal invention and experimentation. Some of the major current educational ill s of our country are in the slums of large city distr icts wher e unt il r ecentl y littl e effor t was made to creat e and t ry out school programs which would s erve these areas more r ealist ically . Innovation is difficult in situati ons which do not en- courage the exercise of i ndivi dualit y . patible. Uni f ormity and invention are not com- Excessive use of rules , regulations, and directives inhibit creativity. Poor Communication The diff i culties of maintaini ng s atisfacto ry channels of communicati on increase with the size of a school dist rict. The threads which hold a school system t ogether become tenuous as the di str i ct grows l arger. Greater dependence must be placed on formal and impersonal means of communicat ion in large districts. Oppor- tunities for misunderstanding and conflicting opinions are greater where personal and informal contacts are missing. �22 - - ----- ---- --Too Much Centralized Decision Making - The disadvantage of bigness in utilizing democratic participation in reaching decisions stems partly from the lack of an adequate structure to permit such participation and partly from the slowness of action characteristic of large units of government. The fact that both the soundness of decisions and an adequate understanding of their meanings are enhanced by participation in their making is of great importance in effective teaching. ~£!Personal Identity Many studies have shown that a close relationship exists between the productivity of a person and the degree to which he feels himself to be an integral part of the enterprise which provides his employment. The more he is made to feel that he is but a mere cog in a machine, the more he acts as though this were true. There is no substitute for maintaining warm and personal relation- srips in achieving satisfaction and success in one's work. This kind of environ- ment is very hard to maintain where large numbers of persons are involved. The Atlanta and Fulton County school districts, if combined, would be about eleventh in size among all districts in America. In 1963- 64, the total school enrollment in the two districts was 157,140, about one- sixth the enrollment in New York City which has more thar one million pupi:s and enrolls more pupils than any other district in the Nation. Both the Atlanta and Fulton County districts have already reached the size of school systems which have suffered from the ills described above. Therefore, combi-:.t..ing the school districts would scarcely create problems of bigness beyond those which already exist, if the proper safeguards a.re observed in the creation and establishment of the new district. �23 Just as creating a single school district would not guarantee the educational advantages discussed in this paper, neither would the ills described inevitably follow. Knowing the disadvantages to avoid should be sufficient forewarning to assure the provision of an adequate legal base for the new district, satisfactory administrative leadership, and sufficient financial support. DIFFICULTIES IN ACHIEVING CONSOLIDATION Transitions in political and civil structures are painful and tedious at best. Existing systems cling to life tenaciously and carry with them the strong support of tradition and custom. Creating a new school district is simple com- pared to abolishing existing districts. Basic difficulties fall into three classes: standings, and operational. legal, attitudes and under- There may be numerous variations in each type of difficulty in a particular situation where consolidation is undertaken. Legal difficulties inhere in the necessity for making changes within the limits of legal freedom to dissolve a given district and to create the necessary legislation for establishing and setting into operation the new district. This problem is one which members of the legal profession must solve with the aid of the General Assembly of the State in passing the legislation which has been determined as being necessary. The handicap of conflicting attitudes and understandings is probably the most difficult to overcome. The question of consolidation must be resolved by the electorate, in the final analysis. Any move to consolidate will be inter- preted in many different ways by citizens who already hold varying points of view on the issue. Any plan advanced to effect consolidation will be subjected to abuse without understanding by interests who think their purposes will be served best by maintaining the status quo. Consolidation will be viewed as a �• scarcely know the difference after consolidation is achieved. Children~ attending the same schools, which will be operated essentially as before and ~ taught by the same teachers. Overcoming handicaps of this nature depends largely on the widespread dis- ,. seminatioh of ad.equate information and the stimulation of discussion and examination of relevant facts. One of the great strengths of our democracy rests in the fact that people when properly informed on problems and issues will make wise decisions. Therefore, major tasks, if consolidation is undertaken, will be the -- planning and carrying out of public information programs and arranging __for public,.___ . ._ _____ ·---. discussion of the advantages and disadvantages of the proposed plan. The third difficulty is creation and implementation of needed operational plans and procedures for the new school system. The responsibility for this phase of consolidation necessarily lies with the prof essional staf~ of the school system and t he boa.rd of education. The function of t he board of education will be t o provide adequate pol i ci es f or bringing the new dist rict into full bl oom and continuing its operat i on on a sound basi s . The professional staff will have many separate but related tasks to undert ake in effecting a smoothly functioning new \ district where two separate districts existed before. While the two districts have drawn closer together in recent years and have worked cooperatively on numerous projects and programs, there are still differences in operational patterns and policies of the two school systems: Some differences a.re in pension systems, retirement provisions, leave provisions, sick leave policies, employment practices, salary schedules, pupil-teacher ratios and, as pointed out earlier, differences in educational programs and services. The new district would have ·to develop new policies on these and many other matters. These policies would have to be put in.to practice before the \ \ ', �consolidation move is completed and a success. This constitutes a -tremendous- professional job for the staff and requires ..infinite patience and careful planning. None of these difficulties are insurmountable. Good will, good judgment, an<;l hard work are the essential ingredients of success, CHARACTERISTICS OF THE NEW DISTRICT The Atlanta district consists of 128.395 miles of which B. 420 miles lie in DeKalb County. territory. The Fulton County school district includes 420 square miles of Therefore, the two districts, if consolidated~ -would make a single district of 548.395 square miles of which 539.975 square miles would be in Fulton County proper. The new district would have had a population of 632,600 an April 11 1964, of whom 126,400 were in Fulton County and 506,200 in Atlanta, including 43,900 who live :in DeKalb County. School enrollment for the f all of' 1964 would be about 145,000 pupils. Professional personnel in the • Tags: Box 6, Box 6 Folder 2, Folder topic: R. Earl Landers | Local Education Commission | 1964-1967 • Record Created: April 18, 2017 • Record Updated: December 29, 2017 ### Box 6, Folder 2, Document 13 • Result Type: Item • Item Type: Text • Title: Box 6, Folder 2, Document 13 • Text: ..... . - - - ,_:-- 36 TABLE II ESTIMATED ANNUAL SCHOOL BUDGETS OF THE ATLANTA AND FULTON COUNTY DISTRICTS 1965-1970 Atlanta Years Fulton County Total . 1965-66 ~~$46,713,125 $13,891,184$60,604,309 1966-67 51,104,159 15,002,479 66,106,638 1967-68 55,907,949 16,202,677 72,110,626 1968-69 61,163,297 17,498,891 78,662,188 1969-70 66,912 , 647 18,898,802 85,811,449 -i~ Actual �
• Tags: Box 6, Box 6 Folder 2, Folder topic: R. Earl Landers | Local Education Commission | 1964-1967
• Record Created: April 18, 2017
• Record Updated: December 29, 2017

### Box 6, Folder 2, Document 16

• Result Type: Item
• Item Type: Text
• Title: Box 6, Folder 2, Document 16
• Text: MINUTES LOCAL EDUCATION COMMISSION December 21, 1965 The Local Education Study Corrnnission met in the 3oard Room of the Fulton County Administration Building at 2:00 P.M. on Tuesday, December 21, 1965, with the following in attendance: Mr. Kenneth Stringer Dr. James L. Miller Dr. John Letson Mr. Tom },filler Mrs. Alan Ritter Dr. Rufus Clement Mr. Earl Landers Dr. Paul \'lest Mr. P. L. Bardin Mr. Alan Kiepper, {Proxy) Hr. Bardin called the meeting to order and asked for approval of the minutes of the August 23, 1965, meeting. The minutes were unanimously approved. He then gave a brief review of the work of the Commission since the last regular meeting and pointed out that a meeting was held with members of the Atlanta and Fulton County Boards of Education on September 21, 1965, and with the Representatives and Senators from Fulton and DeKalb Counties on September 27, 1965. The Legislative Delegation later developed a resolution outlining additional information which should be included in the report of the Corrnnission. Dr. Pierce then presented the addition to the report. Comments and suggestions offered during the presentation included the following: Assessed evaluation of property in Atlanta is approximately 70% of the 1956 reappraisal which in reality is about 30% of the current market value for the city and 20% for the county. Judge Wood's decision does not include independent school districts. Homestead exemptions will not be affected. The cost for putting Fulton County teachers on the same salary schedule as the Atlanta teachers should be included in the report. "New board members will be elected as vacancies occur" should be changed to "new board members will be elected as terms expire". The report should show that Fulton County's bonding capacity is 10% of the digest and Atlanta's bondi ng capacity is 4% of the digest. �Since board members in Atlanta have been elec t ed for four-year terms beginning January 1, 1966, would any legal difficulty be encountered by calling for a new election of board members in 1968? If so, could this be resolved by having current members of both boards compose the new board until terms expire and then elect only seven new members t o the new board? Wealth behind each child in Fulton County and Atlanta may change if portions of the county are annexed into the city. It should be stated that support to schools as stated in the report is predicated upon no changes in present tax structure. The report should include a s t atement ef ~how .the seven .district--s from which the board members will be elected are to be determined and how they will be readjusted as population changes . Since we now have seven senatorial districts it might be desirable to use them as the starting basis for the seven districts from which school board members will be elected. These districts will be amended as necessary so that areas within the city but which lie in DeKalb County will be included and so that other portions· of DeKalb County will be excluded. Fiscal independence for the school board should refer only to the property tax and not include the ability to set sales tax rate and other similar truces. The combined budget f or both school systems should be pr ojected. The Commi ssion accepted the repor t as presented with t he sugges ted change s present ed above . The lawyer s were i nstructed to draw up t he necessary pr oposed constituti onal amenclment for combining t he two sys tems . A copy of the amendment is t o be sent t o each member of the Conuni ssion for study before the next meeting of the Connnission. Copies s ent t o Commis sion Member s are t o be clearly marked Rough Draf t and Confidential. The Commission will meet again t o revi ew the proposed cons titutional amendment a s s oon a s poss i ble . The meeting was ad j ourned at 3:55 P,M. �
• Tags: Box 6, Box 6 Folder 2, Folder topic: R. Earl Landers | Local Education Commission | 1964-1967
• Record Created: April 18, 2017
• Record Updated: December 29, 2017

### Box 6, Folder 2, Document 18

• Result Type: Item
• Item Type: Text
• Title: Box 6, Folder 2, Document 18
• Text: MEMBERS OF LO..;AL GOVERNMENT COMMI SSION ATLANTA AND FULTON COUNTY Cha irman : Pope Br ock, Chairma n of the Board Ful t on Nat i onal Bank 2629 Ar den Road , N, W. At l ant a, Georgia Bus. Phone Home Phone 875-3411 355- 4496 Vi c e - Chairman ·ack W. West J ack w. West Cont r act ing Company P . 0, Box 6787 Atlan t a, Ge orgia 30315 577 - 2357 627- 8630 Sec r e t a ry- Treas urer : Mr s . Earl F . Ge i ger 4291 Eas t Brookhav en Drive, N, W, Atlanta , Georgia 231- 3264 Robe r t Earl Brown P . 0 , Box 20787 At l anta Ai.rp ort At l anta, Ge org ia 767- 7501 344- 6330 Dr . Samue l D. Cook, Chai rman Depa r tmen t of Pol itical Sc ienc e At l anta Unive r s ity Atlanta , Ge or gia 523- 6431 525-7512 Dr . I rving H. Gol ds t e in, DDS 826 Peachtree Street , N. W. Atlanta , Ge orgia 875-7034 872-6671 873 . 2777 J os eph K. Heyman, Senior Vic e Pre sident Trust Company of Georgi a Atlanta , Ge orgia 30303 .588- 7916 233-0747 355-3423 766-0594 344-3550 761-3775 378-0174 378-0174 Max Holt, Comptroll er Di ttler Bros . , Inc . 1375 Seaboard Industrial Boul evard J N. Atlanta, Ge orgia 30325 ErneAt w. Keappl e r 2266 Campbellt on Road, Atlanta, Georgia 30311 s. W. William T. Malone 774 Lullwater Road, N. E. Atlanta, Georgia w. �J o s eph M. Ma l oof , Ass i stant Vi ce Pr eside nt F i rst Fereral Sav i ngs & Loan Assoc i at i on 40 Mariet ta Street, N. W. Atlanta , Geo rgia Bus. Phone Home Phone - 525 - 7681 627 - 8405 William F. Methvin, Jr. W. F . Met hv i n ) J r. Lumber Comp any P . o. Box 8121, St a t i on F Atlan ta , Ge org i a 876 - 0300 876 - 0300 · . Y. More l and, Sr . , Principa l Booke r T . Washing t on High Schoo l 12 Chappel Road, N. W. Atlanta, Georgia 30325 758 - 8871 753 - 8276 525 - 3404 237 - 3900 233 - 7020 255 -1179 525 - 3404 622 - 0872 Cl i ff ord Oxf ord Hatcher, Meyerson , Oxf ord an d Irvin Fi rst Federal Buil ding 40 Marietta Stre et , N. W. Atlanta, Georgia 30303 E . Earl Patton Patt on Ass ociate s 38 Cld I vy Road, N. E. Atlanta) Geo r g ia 303 05 Paul E. Pressley Hatch e r, Meye rson, Oxford and I rvin Fi rs t F e d e r a l Building 40 Mari etta Street , N. W. 30303 Atlanta, Ge org i a J . W. Ste ph enson, J r., Manager Coll ege Park Branch Atlanta Fede r a l Savings & Loan Association 3581 Mai.n Street Coll eg e Park, Ge org i a 761-0153 Fr e eman Strickland 12C8 F irst National Bank Bui l ding Atlanta , Geo r gia 30303 588 - 6414 233 - 2445 Franklin Thomas, Exec utive Director Bu t l e r St r eet YMCA 22 Butl e r Stre et, N. E . At lanta, Georgia .524- 0246 344- 2685 524- 7731 231-4307 Counse l: J ames B. Pi l cher As soc iat e City Attorney 1114 Willia m- Ol iver Bu ilding Atla nt a , Georgia 30303 For further information contact: Mi s s Pe g Hendrix Room 336 State Capitol Atl a nta) Georgia 30334 572- 2661 �
• Tags: Box 6, Box 6 Folder 2, Folder topic: R. Earl Landers | Local Education Commission | 1964-1967
• Record Created: April 18, 2017
• Record Updated: December 29, 2017

### Box 6, Folder 2, Document 20

• Result Type: Item
• Item Type: Text
• Title: Box 6, Folder 2, Document 20
• Text: ( COMMI TTEES OF LOCAL GOVER~ ENT ~ ATLANTA AND FULTON COUNTY STEERING COMMITTEE Pope Brock, Cha i rman Jac k w. We st Mr s . Ea rl F . Ge i ge r Jo se p h K. Heyman Cliffo rd Oxford J . Y. More l a nd ATLANTA CITY GOVERNMENT STUDY COMMITTEE Cli f f o rd Ox f o rd, Cha irman J ose ph M. Mal o of Dr. Samu e l D. Cook Wi l l i am F. Me thvin, Jr. Rob e rt Earl Brown FULT ON COUNTY GOVERNMENT STUDY COMMITTEE Dr . I rving H. Go l ds t e in, DDS , Ch a i r man Free man Str i ckl a nd Max Ho l t J . Y. Mo re l and Ernest w. Ke a pp l e r SUBURBAN AREA STUDY COMMITTEE Jos e ph K. Heyman, Chairman Pa u l E . Pres s l e y J . W. St e p h en s on , Jr . Willi a m T . Mal on e E. Earl Patt on F r ank l in Thoma s F o r f u rt he r informat i on cont a ct: Mi ss Peg Hendr i x Room 336 State Capit o l At l a n ta , Ge o rg i a 30334 572 - 2661 �
• Tags: Box 6, Box 6 Folder 2, Folder topic: R. Earl Landers | Local Education Commission | 1964-1967
• Record Created: April 18, 2017
• Record Updated: December 29, 2017

### Box 6, Folder 2, Document 25

• Result Type: Item
• Item Type: Text
• Title: Box 6, Folder 2, Document 25
• Text: REPORT OF THE CONSULTANTS on CERTAIN PERSONNEL PROBLEMS RELATING TO THE PROPOSED MERGER of the FULTON COUNTY - ATLANTA SCHOOL SYSTEMS JUNE 19, 1967 WILLARDS. ELSBREE and JOHN E. PHAY CONSULTANTS �Report of the Consultant s on Certain Personnel Problems Relati ng to the Propo3ed Merger of the Fulton County Atlanta School Systems, June 19, 1967 This report dea l s with the implications of merging the certificated and non-certificated per sonnel of the two current school systems - Fulton County and Atlanta . The question of the soundness of the merger itself was deemed to be outsi de the province of this study. The consultants have proceeded on the a s sumption that a merger is contemplated; that if - effected , it is essential to unify personnel policies and practices , and that specific procedure s for dealing with the employee groups in the two school systems should be spelled out. Perhaps the two most important personnel problems that must be resolved if a merger i s to be effected are the establishment of equitable salary and wage policies and the determination of how present and future pension and retirement provisions are to be administered. Certain other poli cie s and practices must also be unified if the merger is to deal f airly with the employed personnel. Sick leave , insur- ance provi s ions , and tenur e r egulations must somehow be brought into harmony - otherwise morale wi ll suffer and the objectives of the merger will not be fully r ealized . In or de r to obtai n the data and information needed to arrive at recommended pr ocedures the consultants assembled , with the help of the Coordi na tor of the Met ro politan School Deve lopment Council , pertinent published materi a l s f r om each of t he schoo l syst ems involved and they interviewed executives re sponsible f or the administration and supervision of the per sonnel poli cies. Included i n t he l ist of t hose int erviewed were : �the Executive Secretary-Treasurer of the Teachers Retirement System of Georgia, the Deputy Executive Secretary-Treasurer of the Teachers Retirement System of Georgia, the Director of Finance for Fulton County Board of Education, the Assistant Director of Finance for Fulton County Board of Education, the Controller of the Atlanta School System, the Assistant Controller of the Atlanta School System, the Superintendent of Schools in each system, the Assistant Superintendent for Personnel in Atlanta, the Coordinator of the Metropolitan School Development Council, the Director of Non-certificated Personnel in Atlanta, the Secretary for the Atlanta General Pension Fund, the Administrative Assistant to the Superintendent of Schools, Atlanta. Many official reports were examined together with policy statements in an effort to learn the basis for existing practices. The fact that salary policies were undergoing major revisions has been noted and the proposals contained in thi s report take full account of these changes . It should be pointed out that many personnel policies are subject to revision almost annually o Salary levels in particular are very unstable and inflation has forced boards of education and public boardsgenerally to boost salaries and wages more frequently than was true a few years ago . Because of this i nstabi lity any calculations of future costs are bound to be unreliable . The best that can be done is to make what appears to be �reasonable assumptions and show their implications . Salaries of Certificated Personnel With the merger of the Atlanta and Fulton County School systems an immediate concern of the several thousand individuals employed will be what will be my salary for next year? It is the opinion of the consultants that a basic salary schedule should be developed for the certificated personnel of the merged systems but that such only after the merger is consumated. a schedule should be developed The preparation of a salary schedule that has good possibilitie s of wide and enthusiastic reception should involve many people in its development. Representatives of organized pro- fessional groups, area specialists and supervisory and administrative personnel should have a part in the preparation of the basic salary program, Until the merger occurs , similar professional organizations will continue to exist for both Atlanta and Fulton County. After merger , many organiza- tions will be consolidated and at that time the new organizations may be appropriately represented . The same situation obtains for representatives of area specialists and the supervisory and administrative staff . A salary schedule that could be reconnnended by consultants prior to the merger of the systems and without the involvement of representatives from the new groups would be premature . Therefore, it is reconnnended that after merger �4 a salary study committee composed of representatives of all certificated groups and areas be appointed to consider salary schedules and salary policies for the new systemo With the decision reached that any new salary schedules should be developed only after merger of the systems, the consultants examined the possibilities of what salary provisions might be best for innnediate application following the merger and during the transition periodo The same treatment , salarywise, of all personnel in the new system is a prerequisite in determining salary policies for the new system. It was found that the two salary schedules could be merged and after careful review and examination the consultants came to the conclusion that retention of the salary schedules of the Atlanta System and the placement of the Fulton County per sonnel on the Atlanta schedules is the best solution possible with the merging of the two systems . To make such a t r ansfer from one salary schedule to another it is recommended that the following rules be applied : 1. No employee ' s s alary wi l l be reduced . 2. Teachers and other certifi cated per sonnel will be placed on the appropriate 1967-68 Atlanta School Sys tem' s sal ary schedule, on the step stipulating a salary t hat is equal to or next higher i n amount t o t he current s alary being paid . �5 3. Any Fulton County employee whose salary is higher on his present salary schedule than it would be on the same step of the Atlanta salary schedule will be paid this higher salary amount, but when and if eligible in subsequent years he will proceed according to the provisions of the appropriate salary scale. 4. For employees new to the merged system, a maximum of five years' service in other school systems will be accepted on a year by year basis . Such a person, with five years' experience, would enter on step 6 of the salary schedule. 5. Salary scale incentives applicable to the Bachelor's and Master's degree scales will be established following steps 4, 8, and 12. Teachers will be allowed to proceed on these salary scales only after completing six semester hours of approved college or university credit, or its equivalent, in in-service programs approved by the Board of Education . To make the salary changes by the application of the above rules it was estimated by the Coordinator of Metropolitan School Development Council that the cost increase will be approximately$During the transition period there should be established a salary study connnittee, as indicated earlier in this section , to ascertain the adequacy of the salary schedules and policies in operation and to recommend any changes that promise to produce better salary arrangements . In addi t ion, �6 a review should be made to ascertain whether or not individual employees have been appropriately classified and -given correct placement on the salary schedules. Wages of Non-certificated Employees A similar approach is suggested for arriving at appropriate wage policies for the non-certificated workers in the county and the city school systems. Atlanta has recently adopted a classification plan recommended by the Public Administration Service. These schedules have been developed after much study and it appears logical to fit the non- certificated school employees from the county into the basic Atlanta pattern. ences in the length of the work year in some categories. There are differThis calls for minor adjustments but is not a serious obstacle to unifying the two groups. Bus drivers are employed in the county but are not employed by the Atlanta School System. The current wages paid bus drivers should be continued for the time being and the pay levels assessed when salar ie s and wage s gener ally are being reviewed . In the case of custodians it would be necessary to reclassify the Fulton County employee s in order t o achieve parity. This i s not a difficult t a sk and if the merger is voted , temporar y cl assifica t i ons could be made in tho se cases where t he job descriptions were not clear and final a ssignments made a f t er individual case s were reviewed. According to est imat es made by the Coor dinator of t he Metro politan School Development Council, the cost of bringing all the non-certificated employees under a single tent i f the At l ant a pay scales were applied is$543 , 756 . This assumes that no consolidation in jobs will be made and the same number of employees are retained . Retirement Provisions Both Fulton County and the City of Atlanta maintain local pensi on and �- I 7 retirement systems for their employees . This practice is of fairly long standing and, as ha s been the case in other Amer ican cities and counties, it arose because of the obvious need to provide employees with protection against the vicissitudes of advanced age and the local community against the inefficiency which results when workers, past the prime of life , are retained on the job . Unfortunately the history of local pension plans has not been too favorable . Even when· they have maintained a solvent position, which many have not, they have seldom pr ovided the pr otec tion to new members that was guaranteed by those established and administered by the State ~ As a result , they have rapidly diminished in number and state plans have supplanted them . The l atter because of l arger member ships , the spreading of risks, and greater resources , have supplied the certificated staff with superior protection . Mor eover , state employees' retirement systems are increasingl y providi ng coverage f or the. non-cert i f icated employees i n school systems . The pr oblem confr onting Fulton County and Atlanta with respect to pension and retirement is not unlike t hat f ound i n many other systems. The funds required represent a t remendous investment and the accrued l iabi l iti e s r un into milli ons of dollars, The ultimate so l ution in t he minds of t he consultants lies in moving the responsibility as quickly as possible from the l ocal system to t he St a t e and t he abandonment of any local ret irement for new cert ificated per sonnel . This cannot be achi eved quickly nor painlessly. While the pro- posal to merge the two school systems poses some knotty problems with respect to employee retirement , a reasonable solution can probably be worked out. 1 �8 With the merger of the two systems, it is recommended that the policies with respect to retirement and- pension provisions listed below be adopted by the various boards concerned : 1. All~ certificated personnel will secure membership under the Teachers Retirement System of Georgi a . 2. All~ non-certificated personnel wi ll secur e membership in the social security program provided under the Federal Insurance Compensation Act. 3. All certificated personnel who are members of retirements systems operated by either the Atlanta General Employees ' Pension Fund Board or by the Fulton County School Pension Board may withdraw their personal contributions to their pension fund if and when they become members of the Teachers Retirement System of Georgia. 4. Members of the retirement system oper ated by the Atlanta Pension Board who wish to continue to be covered by the provisions of such board may continue thei r member ship , and the Atlanta Pension Board will continue to administer and be r esponsi ble for all pension liabilitie s fo r such personnel as re quired by their current connnitments . Futur e change s i n pension benefi ts will be avai lable to such member s. 5. The Fulton Count y Boar d of Connnissioners will assume all obligat i ons , l iabili ties , and connnitments of t he Fulton "County School Pension Fund Boar d . 6. Member s of the r etirement sys tem oper ated by the Fulton County School Pension Board may at t heir option t r ansfer their member ship t o a new Fult on County pension system to be administer ed by the Fulton County Boar d of Connnissi oner s or i t s de signat e and retain �9 all of the rights and benefit s they held under the system operated by the Fulton County School Pension Board. 7. Commitment s for membe1s who have retired under the pension systems operated by either the Atlanta Pens ion Board or by the Fulton County School Peneion Boar d shall have all such commitments honored by the Atlanta Pension Board or by the Fulton County Board of Commissioners re spectively. Insurance The practice of providing group life a,_~d personal accident insurance for employees is connnendable and should be continued. I t is reconnnended that: 1. Employees of the At~anta and Fulton County school systems who have retained their school system sponsored insurance policies and who are retired will have their benefits and vested rights under their policy protected by the Atlanta City Board of Aldermen and the Fulton County Boar d of Commissioners, respectively, and such boards will manage and make any annual payments due i nsurance companies that exceeds the amount required of the employees under the provisions of the policy. 2. At the time of the mer ger , gr oup life and personal a ccident insurance contracts be cancelled and a new contract agreement be entered into with a commercial company t hat will pr ovi de the best policy at the l owe st rate. Tenure Joh security should not be placed in j eopar dy for an employee of the two sch•.iol systems because of t he merger. 1 .. Tenure policies for the new It i s recommended that : sys tem · be e tablished for the several classes of personnel employed and that the policies �10 fo r each clas si f ication be tho se now ex t ant in either the Atlanta School System or t he Ful~on County Schoo l System that are more generous to the i ndi vid .al employee. 2. Employees holding t enure in either of the t wo systems concerned at the time of merge r be automatically pr ovided t enure in the new systeltl. 3. Any probationary period served in the two systems concerned and prior to the mer ger of the two systems will be accepted at full value for tenure considerat i ons in t he mer ged system. Leaves of Absence and Vacat ions The emoluments and rights earned under provi sions that now exist for the personnel in the Atlanta and Ful t on Count y schools should be protected . It is reconnnended that the provisions tha t are most generous t o the employees , tha t now exist in ei t her of t he t wo school sys t ems concerned, be adopted fo r the new merged system with res pect t o sick leave , maternity leave , ber eavement leave, mi lit ary leave, pr ofessio nal study leave, emer gency leave and vacations . Records With the merger of the two systems, it is anticipa t ed t ha t changes wi l l be needed i n bo t h acc ounting and personnel r ec ords systems . With moder n office e quipment and el ectronic data proce s3ing 1nachinery, the wor k of business, acc ounting, financial and statistical offices ·can be handled with dispatch . Moreover, information on personnel can be secured i n a s many ways as ne eded in short periods of time. In order for t he new sys t em to be able to function efficiently, it is reconnnended that as soon a s the merger is voted, specialists i n systems data processing be employed to plan for the merging of data of the two school systems together with programs for fast retrieval of such data , �11 Combining the Central Office Staff Personnel A merger nearly always requires some consolidation of central office personnel . Hence, the pro cedures for determining how the unified system should assign the current centr al office employees needs to be spelled out . The two systems as might be expected have several comparable central office positions and in some instances the merger, in the interest of economy, might necessitate the assignment of certain officials to posts outside the central office. This fa ct together with the need to reassess existing assignments calls for the exercise of both judgment and diplomacy on the part of those charged with the r esponsibility of building a new central organization . The consultants believe that the wisest procedure to follow in merging the two central staffs is as follows: 1. The new Board of Education shoul d choo se a superintendent of schools for the system 2, and an associate superintendent. The Board of Education should appoint a connnittee to make recommendations as to the assignment of personnel to the new system central office positions , This connnittee should be composed of the super intendent of schools, who should act as chairman, the assoc iate superintendent of schools, and two officials currently responsible for the recruitment, selection and assignment of personnel in the two systems being merged. 3. The officials cur rently responsible for the recruitment, selection and assignment of personnel should make reconnnendations to the superintendent of schools regarding the assignment of secretaries, clerks and custodial workers needed for service in the central headquarters . �12 4. In making a ssignments , consi derati on should be given to the age , experience and personal fitness of the i ndividual employee for the job to be filled , 5. All central office employees should be housed under one roof and adequate fac i lities should be provided to facilitate the work . �
• Tags: Box 6, Box 6 Folder 2, Folder topic: R. Earl Landers | Local Education Commission | 1964-1967
• Record Created: April 18, 2017
• Record Updated: December 29, 2017

### Box 6, Folder 2, Document 1

• Result Type: Item
• Item Type: Text
• Title: Box 6, Folder 2, Document 1
• Text: MINTJ'TIS LOCAL ErUCl\.'T'i.•:.; C0Mr1ISSION COUNTY At l-1IIHSTRATION BUILDING OCTOBER 2, 1964 _ The Local Education Cornmis sio;·, me i: Friday, October 2, 1964, at 2:00 p.m., in the Board Room of the Fulton County Administration Building with the following members present: Mr. P. L. Bardin Mrs. Alan Ritter br. R. H. Brisbane Mr. Otis M. Jackson Mr. Wallace H. Stewart Mr. William M. Teem Mr. Alan Kiepper, Ex Officio Mr. Fred J. Turner I Dr. John T,f • Letson, Ex Officio Dr . Paul D. West, Ex Officio Mr. Thomas M. Mille r Mr. James White, Jr. Minutes of the July 31 meeting of the Steering Committee were read and approved. Minutes of the July 31 Local Educat i on Commission meeting were read and approved. Minutes of t he Sept ember 10 meeting of t he Special Committee f or Legal Services were read and d iscussed . Dur ing this discussion, it was pointed out that t he Commi s s i on has an unemcumbered balance of between $6 ,000 and$7, 000. Concens us seems to be that a contractual agreement shoul d be drawn between t he lawye r s and t he Corrnnission . This agr eement should s et forth t he dut i es , expec tat ions and obl igat i ons of each party involved. Also, a copy of the minutes of the September 10 meet i ng of t he Special Commi ttee should be sent t o each lawyer. The point was made that the only financial commitment to the lawyers is that the Commis sion wil l pay them on an hourl y rate f or services rendered. The total cost of their services will depend upon the number of hours they devote to the work of the Commission. There are no mininrurn fees, retainer fees or other such fees involved in this agreement. �.. -2Local Education Commission Minutes, cont · d Dr. Pierce was asked to identify services other than le~al which are needed. He stated that the legal and educational aspects of the study are so entwined it is hard to say exactly what can be classified specifically as one or the other. However, it seems appropriate that the Commission should design the desired new school system first and then have the legal counsel describe the · legal steps required to create the system. The degree to which legal and educational aspects are interwoven were pointed out by citing the retirement plan for the new system or the amortization of the existing bonded indebtness of the two systems. Again it was pointed out that the final report of the Commissiofi rrrtist be a package plan which includes the totality of dissolving two systems and creating a new one. Mr. kiepper asked if it would be desirable or necessary to secure the I servic~ or a management consultant firm to help with the organizational I sthibture of t~e new system. subh s~rvice~. He pointed ·o ut that some systems have used The reply was that there are many kinds of services needed ahd that this may be ope. Nashville-Davidson County used the service ~l ~ fuah~ge~ertt consultant firm ~hen they combined tha two school systems. Mr. TUrrler then made the motion that the Commissioh approve the action of the Special Committee concerning the seledtion bf tlie two lat-lyers on an hourly basis; however, the hourly rate must be approved by the Commission before services are requested. Mr. White seconded the motibh which was approved unanimously. Dr. West stated that various news reporters are being advised of the meetings of the Commission, but that apparently their schedules are preventing them from covering the Commission meetings. Dr. Pierce reviewed the brief he had developed as a result of the charge received at the last regular Commission meeting. However, before giving a detailed analysis of the brief, Dr. Pierce stated that if the report is accepted, the question of whether merger is desirable will be settled. Attention then can be focused upon describing the kind of �-~-Local Education Commission Mi1111t c., _, C!'.,:t ' d new school system needed. He al~o stated that the brief in its present form should be -treated as a tentative and confidential document. point in the brief was then Each revit,·;rnd and explained in consid~rable detail by Dr. Pierce. Official action by the Commission concerning the brief will be taken at a later meeting. The meeting was adjourned at . 4:00 p.m. ECH/dh October 5~ 1964 �
• Tags: Box 6, Box 6 Folder 2, Folder topic: R. Earl Landers | Local Education Commission | 1964-1967
• Record Created: April 18, 2017
• Record Updated: December 29, 2017

### Box 6, Folder 2, Document 2

• Result Type: Item
• Item Type: Text
• Title: Box 6, Folder 2, Document 2
• Text: P. L. Bardin Vice Ch.:iirn~n S12c ty-Ti:'·C.:!ourc.:- Otis H. J.::.c!c.co n Dr. Tr~a~ n Pierce, D::!an D(!pnrtment of Educetion - Auburn University W. Kenneth Strit,::;<::r E.:;ll~ce IL -St~·.::rt lntcrn~to~al Business H.=ichireD Corp 1439 ?c~chtrcc Street, NE 30309 Thc2::,:::; M. 1·:i l ler GcnE:r.'.ll Off:!.. c~3 Delta Air Linea At l nntc .. ~aicipal Ai rport Atl.:n ta, .G~ ? . L. B.::?r0 Ikt:.k o f Georgis Bldg !.tl nnta, Georgia 30303 frcd J. Turn.:ir Hilli.:.:.1 Oliver Bld8 Atl~nt~, Geor~i~ 30303 Cr. John H. Lct:::ion, Superintendent Atl~nt ~ Publ{c Schools Ot :.i; H . Jnd:fJ on Dr. P;:ul D. l-:2:Jt, Su;>orint8ndent 3121 H.= plc Ddvc, m~ Atlanta, Gcorcia 30305 r\.iiton County Sci:l.oola J. H. Cc1.'thon W. L. Ro bin3on, PrcGidcnt Fulto~1 County Bo ord of Education 18..';.0 2-~::i:itrooe D:-ive n o:~ 160 E.:.ct Point, G.a Col l c[;e P~rk, Ge H. I'mmcth Strincer Oby T . Brewer , Jr, Preeident Atl3nta Bo~rd of Cducct ion t?:; lco 3uild ins 1393 Peechtrcc .St, NE Atlanta , Georgi.a 30309 ·L,1 Pryor St , l~E ..' tl c. .. ta , Ga 30303 Mrc . -Al~n Ritter Dent 0.:;!--: P-,t'!!l ?.oute:: 2 -::·1 1-::- ,:c..·o. :c.~:'l:is:.i.:;trntivc I.a.st to l-1:Jyor Alph.:ir-ctta , G.:: C ::. ·~ · ~l.J 11 ur. R.H. Bri obc~a -· 1. ·:r·. :~:tc:: ~·:.:.: ... , l:b :rc. ou~c Coll c 0 c 223 C:.~ztnut St ., SW Atlant~, Gco~~in ~-\.: ~-:.: .: . _~ c~. _:-~:·:::..~ Cc7=~ty· ~·tn~3c::r -143.215.248.55s t~ctio~ Bl dc 30314 Dz- . L. R . lk.:-.::; c::::i !½rchcu~c CollC 8C 223 G~~ztnut St., W At l ~nta, G~cz3in 30314 Atlcnt~ , G143.215.248.55gia J. 3CZ05 tJ . -~~n:1:2 tJ1 St~ir::c:r ~ D-: . J c::::::; z L. !·!i llcr, Jr 120 - 6th Str::.~~ , i~:-J Atl~Jtu , Goor~ia -1. 1. C ~i..,-:;~)0:1 G;; i.~ J c:~::; White , Jr 27~4 P~ccht!:CC P..:i ., ~0313 L . :?, ~cli:..,, Cl~~ i rm::;n o i Ccc __...ioa ion ~: . L . Eo'oin.Jo:1 ?~u l D. ~::.::J t Jo'tm U . Lt~ t con . ': i llf:.::1 H . T.;:;c-:::i , III 8~5 Lo~id~~ Circle , NE Atl~~t~ , Ck.o~cic 30315 -r. C~rti~ H 143.215.248.55 c~, Ccordinctcr -..:.: t r o1~oli t::~1 School i}.::v~ lopr.:re nt Cc.inc il A;:lL:nta a.rod Fulto~, County S.: hoole • :- ·•.···• ... �
• Tags: Box 6, Box 6 Folder 2, Folder topic: R. Earl Landers | Local Education Commission | 1964-1967
• Record Created: April 18, 2017
• Record Updated: December 29, 2017

### Box 6, Folder 2, Document 8

• Result Type: Item
• Item Type: Text
• Title: Box 6, Folder 2, Document 8
• Text: - • ~ ~ JAC K ETHERIDGE F"ULiON COUNTY ll!l26 F"ULTON F"ED. BLOG. - - · - ~ ,;n, I A T LANTA;- GEORGI ,___ _ _ _ _ -'-- - - --"- MEM BER COM MITTE E S: ---· I AdO ::J LJ EOUCATION ~ - -, ~}:.,~ - iJOOICIARY VICE-CHAIRMAN LOCAL AF"F"AIRS Sue-COMMITTEE (EDUCATION) COM M ON SCHOOLS i;nusr nf iltrµrrsrntatiur.a ii.nu.at C!!(Jttmbtr Atlanta Janu ary 29 , 1965 M r . P . L. Bardin Ban k o f G e o rgia Building Atlanta, Georgia Dear Mr . Bardin: R e: Interim R eport of the Local E d ucati on Co mmi ss ion I have read the Commission ' s Interim Report with great interest and encouragement. One concludes that little question remains as to the need to move promptly toward consolidation of the Atlanta and Fulton County systems . As I understand it , there is a great need to co ntinue the w o rk of the C ommission during the coming year for the purpose of preparing appr o priate legi s lation and making additional necessary studies. Whatever might be proposed by this Commission must be of n e cessity pre sented to the Fulton and DeKalb l egislative delegations. My experience has been that it is a mistake for legislation as complex as this, to be presented to the delegation within only a few days or weeks of the session . For that reason, I am writing not only to congratulate you and others upon this interim report, but to urgently call your attention to the absolute need to have l egislation prepared well in advance of the • nex t session. It would seem to me that unless th e drafting of the appropriate legislat ion can be completed by at least Septem ber or October of this year, the Commission might well risk the loss of an entire additional year in seeing these statutes enacted. I am quite certain that you are conscious of this problem, yet as one who has had some exper i ence in seeking to deal with legislation that is either hastily prepare d or presented to the d e legation a t the eleventh hour, I feel it is important for all of the �A ... ~ - - - - , Ad00;- IJ 0~3 X 1 Mr. P. L : Bardin Page Two January 29, 1965 members of the Commission to be aware of this important consideration for the planning · of the Commission's work. Permit me to express to all those having a part in this important study my genuine appreciation. Sincerely, Q~ V ack Etheridge JE:lr cc: Members of the Local Education Commission ,.. . �
• Tags: Box 6, Box 6 Folder 2, Folder topic: R. Earl Landers | Local Education Commission | 1964-1967
• Record Created: April 18, 2017
• Record Updated: December 29, 2017

### Box 6, Folder 2, Document 10

• Result Type: Item
• Item Type: Text
• Title: Box 6, Folder 2, Document 10
• Tags: Box 6, Box 6 Folder 2, Folder topic: R. Earl Landers | Local Education Commission | 1964-1967
• Record Created: April 18, 2017
• Record Updated: December 29, 2017

### Box 6, Folder 2, Document 11

• Result Type: Item
• Item Type: Text
• Title: Box 6, Folder 2, Document 11
• Text: E~ OPO IT AN SCH OL D::=VEL P _ENT COU TCI C ity of Atlanta and Fu lton Co un y B oards of Education 22 4 Central A ve., S.W. Atlant 3, Georgia EXECUTIVE CO:'½MITTEE COU1 ' CIL ST/,F F Oby T . Brewer, Jr. co -chairman W . L. . obinson , co -chairman John \V. Letson P.1u D. West Glenn Frie L. Ml rvin Rive rs E. Curtis Hc:i so::i C oo rc!:r. c !., ~ G i. crt E. T l t: f. :i e: . Executive D ir.-c : :,c c.f Educational Broa casr in g Augus t 27, 1965 To : Membe s of t he Local Education Commi ssi n From : Curtis Henson, Recording Secreta y The ne_xt meeting of the L cal Educati on Commiss ion will be held on Mor day , September 20, 1965, at 2 :00 P. M. in the Board Room of the Fult on County Administration Building . During this meetin the repo t of t he Commission will be revi ewed with the Atlanta ar..d Ful t on County Bo:1.rds of Education . 0 ECH :cw �
• Tags: Box 6, Box 6 Folder 2, Folder topic: R. Earl Landers | Local Education Commission | 1964-1967
• Record Created: April 18, 2017
• Record Updated: December 29, 2017

### Box 6, Folder 2, Document 12

• Result Type: Item
• Item Type: Text
• Title: Box 6, Folder 2, Document 12
• Text: Hifl.'lJTES LOCAL EDUCATION CONMIS.SION M-4.Y 27, 1965 The Local Education Commission met Thursday, May 27, 1965 at 2:30 Pi M. in the Board Room of the Fulton County Administration Building with the following members present: Mr. P. L. Bn.rdin Mr. Leonard Robinson V.r. Otis J-'."1~!~son Mr. Wallace H. Stewart Mr. Alan Kiepp'::r Mr. Keru1eth Stringer Dr. John Letson Hr. William Teem, III Dr. Paul West Dr. Jaines Miller, Jr. YII's. Alan Ritter }fi.nutes of the February 26th meeting were read and approved. Mr. Bardin stated that during the meeting on February 26th, the Commission asked Dr. Pierce to develop skeleton plan for combining the two school systems and to present it at the next Connnission meeting. · a Dr. Pierce said he had prepared a rough draft which he thought could serve as the bases for the final report of the Conunission and as a resource document for speeches, discussion groups, news releases and related purposes. He invited Commission members to ask questions or. make comments as he reviewed the draft. After many points which might be included, omitted or changed in the report had been discussed, 11r . Bardin called attention to the purpose of the meeting. He stated that the Commission was to · receive the report and take appropriate action so that it could be reviewed with Atlanta and Fulton County Boards of Education and t he repr esentatives from Fulton and DeKalb Counties. Dr. Jerry Hiller, Jr. then made the motion that the Commission express its confidence in the work Dr. Pierce has done t hus f ar; that Dr. Pierce take i nto account the many points discussed during the meeting and rewrite the draft and that a copy be sent t o the member s of the Commission before t he next meeting and if approved by t he Commissi on, the r eport will t hen be discuss ed with the Atlant a and Fulton County Boards of Education and t he representatives from Ful ton and DeKalb Counties. The motion was s econded by Mr . Walley Stewar t and pas sed unanimously. The meeting was ad j ourned at 4:30 P. M. ECH:cw June 7, 1965 Recording Secretary Approved by: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ Chairman �
• Tags: Box 6, Box 6 Folder 2, Folder topic: R. Earl Landers | Local Education Commission | 1964-1967
• Record Created: April 18, 2017
• Record Updated: December 29, 2017

### Box 6, Folder 2, Document 15

• Result Type: Item
• Item Type: Text
• Title: Box 6, Folder 2, Document 15
• Text: METROPOLITAN SCHOOL DEVELOPMENT COUNCIL City of Atlanta and Fulton County Boards of Education 155 Garnett St., S.W . Atlanta, Georgia 30303 April 12, 1966 Mr. Earl Landers, Administrative Assistant to Mayor Atlanta City Hall 68 Mitchell Street, S. W. Atlanta, Georgia Dear Mr. Landers: The 1966 Legislature extended the life of the Local Education Corrnnission "to continue the study of the desirability and feasibility of combining the school systems of Fulton County and the City of Atlanta ..• ". The resolution further stated that: It shall be the function and duty of said Corrnnission to continue the study of the educational systems of Fulton County and the City of Atlanta including the portion thereof lying in DeKalb County for the purpose of considering the desirability and feasibility of combining said school systems and to submit to the General Assembly of the State of Georgia as hereinafter provided a plan or plans together with proposed constitutional amendments and legislation for the combining of such school systems and such plan or plans shall include any changes in political and administrative and fiscal structure of either or both of said systems which the Corrnnission deems desirable and feasible. I am, therefore, calling an organizational meeting of the Corrnnission at 10:00 A.M. Wednesday, April 27 in the Fulton County Board of Education Room. There are a number of important decisions which must be made concerning the activities and the responsibilities of the Corrnnission. Your help in making these decisions is sorely needed. I hope you can attend this meeting. Sincerely, fJJ6~~ -· P. PLB:cw L. Bardin �
• Tags: Box 6, Box 6 Folder 2, Folder topic: R. Earl Landers | Local Education Commission | 1964-1967
• Record Created: April 18, 2017
• Record Updated: December 29, 2017

### Box 6, Folder 2, Document 23

• Result Type: Item
• Item Type: Text
• Title: Box 6, Folder 2, Document 23
• Text: LOCAL EDUCATION COMMISSION of Atlanta and Fulton County, Geo rg ia CHAIRMAN P. L . VICE CHAIRMAN BARDIN 1440 BANK OF. GEORGIA BUILDING ATLANTA, GEORGIA 30303 !124-2626 SECRETARY-TREASURER OTIS M. JACKSON W . KENNETH STRI NGER 3121 MAPLE DRIVE, N.E, 1393 PEACHTREE STREET, N . E . ATLANTA, GEORGIA 3030!1 ATLANTA , GEORGIA 30309 237-4729 ·973 . 3579 June $-., 1967 To: Local Education Commission Members, Consultants and Attorneys From: Curtis Henson, Recording Secretary {)_,~ J.f'~ The Local Education Commission will have a luncheon meeting at 12:30 p.m. on June 19th in rooms 1 and 2 of the Atlanta Public Schools' Instructional Services Center, 2930 Forrest Hill Drive, S. W. Members of the Atlanta and Fulton County Boards of Educat i on have been invited to this luncheon. The purpose of this meeting is t o receive t he reports of the studies conducted by Dr. R. L. Johns in finance and business management , and Dr. Willa.rd Elsbree in personnel. In order for us t o make the necessary arrangements for this luncheon, please check the appropriate blank on the enclosed card and return it to me at your earliest convenience. Thank you for your cooperation. CH:mt Encl. � • Tags: Box 6, Box 6 Folder 2, Folder topic: R. Earl Landers | Local Education Commission | 1964-1967 • Record Created: April 18, 2017 • Record Updated: December 29, 2017 ### Box 6, Folder 2, Document 28 • Result Type: Item • Item Type: Text • Title: Box 6, Folder 2, Document 28 • Text: 525 MARSHALL. STREET P. 0 . BOX . . I DECATUR. GEORGI A 30030 a,un ,Av11oux TH£ DEKALB NEW ERA · RltCOIIO \ / 1ucu,.. , YICC l'IIIIID&Nf I ' T.H,~ Ll,";';'0NIA O~. ~RVllA IDltOII a:>UBL 19HINQ J. II. • oAT IIIOHT VICI l'll&I IDlPff •u1 INI II NAHAGUI PRINTING COPY Of NOT!CE GEORGIA, DeKalb County TP Personall y appeared before the undersigned office r au thqrJ zep by low to administer oaths, BRITT FAYSSOUX, who, bt::?ing. dµly sworn, deposes and states Of\ oath that he is Genera l Mqnag·er of' the New Era Publishing Company, Inc., a Georgia corpo.ro~ion, and is authorized to mcnlkie this offidavit on its behalf. Deponent overs that the New &m iP,utblishi-ng Company, Inc. is the pv.b:l,isher of the DeKdJb INlcw ;Ero, o newspaper published in the .C,i 1t.y of Decatur, bt'1n91,df general c irculat ion and be ing the legal .organ for the cotJrlt.y ,of DeKalb, and further overs that legal .no:t.ice, a tr uc copy df .·-'h' · h ere t o o ttoc h ed, .............................. Notice or In·ten,t w ,c'h 1s ,,.-, ......... I • I ! .. t.~.J~.~t,t?.t.J.1:".~,...143.215.248.55 15:21, 29 December 2017 (EST)tJ,.~&t.~J.~ti~m............ NOTICE Of JNHt-ffjO'tl .. jN'f!lOUUCE LOCAL U :GL'4..ATION' · NoUco Is herclly Rtvon of !nto11Uon \o Introduce tho J ,1114J rY, 1~~1 :aos•lon ol lhe. C o11cr.1I A~st•mhly of pdotG)•, • 11111 lo ro 'o • tahll., h a l,oc.1I ~,'Juc.\qon Commission In AllanlJ and fullon ' c o\in\y lo conllnuo a BlU!ly Of lho dosJrahh/fy \md f0~.- \11l11ly Of comhlntng tho •ys_\ume of Fulton County and ol \he c'lly ol Atlanta, lnclutll111t t ho portion lhor,,ol Oo.Kal_b CounlJI to provl,le !or tho or~:,nJuUon ~n\l functJon• Ing of aald conomls~lon) ' afl\l for other 1""· purponcs. This IJccombor 27, 1988, A,C. L>Urner .' Al\ornoy, City of All~~I~ Doard of l::duC11Uon ,hmoa P, Grolon Allornoy, Fulton cou~1., .143.215.248.55 15:21, 29 December 2017 (EST) gchod/ : lyµ,c' f.ir or Educallon l•tl•3T was duly .: RUb- lii,hcd oncc 1 0 ·week for ....:t ......... wee-ks os required by .low, tthe d do tes of p~l>licdtion ·being .... ~~.l'.1~.~-~.1. .. ~,... r~~-'=1.~.r.1. .. ~g,.a ......... . ., and Januwr7 19., 1967 ••••••••••••••••••••••••••• .. •••••••••••••• ••• .. ••••••••••••••• .. ••••• .. ••• ••••• .. •a•••••••• • ••••••••• ••• • •• .I . . · · · · · · · ···· ·········;143.215.248.55ii ~:: : : : Sworn to and subscribed bcfor~ me· this ..... .I. ....day of //(<:t:.~~-.?....... .. ,.. , 196.7.. /JS/ ~;,.~_;-t.>J. fl'~'··z··FlSt L-:-~, -~"J... /.I. ~ ·.1...4..C.. · • , ' J. .. ..... · .... . . . .. . . ..·,./ . .. /.. N,.,tcr\· f'ubhc lo!. , N,.h,., .. :· . v< · ~ •.,'• ·" l.1';tt 11-, c..,..,., ... ,,n h,.,.\..f,.t,. 21, 1911 . 0 (SEAL) -Y-. B. No., 623 Pa·.;-:- 6 • �PUBLISHER'S AFFIDAVIT. STATE OF OEORGIA,-County of Fulton. B~fore me, the undersigned, a ..... Jiq~?F.Y. .f\lb.lJ-9 ....•... , this day per- . sonally came .... ~ ... l!r!1A~. ~~!l!P.~?P. .....••••. , who, being first duly sworn, ac\!ording to law, says that be is the ... J:'.i:143.215.248.55P.~I].~ ..... of the Daily Report Com• pany, publishers of the Fulton County Daily Rcpo~, official newspaper published I at Atlanta, in said county and State, and that the publication, of which the an- nexed ls a true copy, was published in said paper on the ...• -~~!=Jl... ~ ..........• . . . . . . . . . . . . days o·r ...I?~<:~!111?~:i: days of ......-l~1;1µ.B:i;y ••••••••• , ..••. ,19.?~., and on the ... ?,. -~~,. .~q~!i.... 1~ 7.• As provided by law. .J.;i1v.1.v.f dt.~.µ,.1 i rr -1•., t,hll :: h n 1,, r ·1l J::1l11rn1 Inn Commh,lnn In l\llnnln nnrl Fulto n Co1111tr l•l rontl11,i,, n ~t 11rlv or thr ,!r ~lrnhllll 1,· :,,~cl rrn::lhllllv or rnmhlnln<'. I hr :-rhnol w sl1·m·~ or 1-·11 1ro11 ,11111 :1\· n111I nf Iii,• Cltv oC Atliln!n. l11rli'11l!n1· !!11• "nrllnn tlw : rur l\'1111: In Jld{alh Cn tml\'; fo llro\'lrlr for 1hr N ·: ~111 ·,'.,' \ilon 11111! C1111rllnnlt11: of ~n!cl rnmml~11,Jc,": nntl fur nthrr p·1··,,,, ,;r~ . Thi! r>rtl'ml.,rr Zi. Jfl,; •; _ I\ . C. l.:i'ln•rr l\t'.nr:wr, Cl:y of J\11 " :, t " "" "' rrl or F.rlt1<' ,1tlnn J~mr, P . Groton Atto~nr\'. Fulton Count,· · nnud of Fdutn llon Dt-c lt, l~M. Jan & 13 20, 1961 i ' I II s/ Frank ~empton ·-NOTtn: - - -or· - f'.'JTf:"ITI0:-1 TO l"ITIIOr>t'<'F l,OC.\L l.r.C:l!--1, \TIO"/ Noller I.• lwrrhl' 1:1,·,·11 nC lnfrn11011 tn lnlrodu,r lntn thr ,Inn• unn· , ll> G7 . ' ' ' 'iii k ' I > 4 ' t \(" . , " 1 1 ' b ' '! ' , 1 .1 h i 1 ' ' , of the 140th, and Egan of the 141st. I ( 1 A BILL i I'll ' " ) T' . ( (-r ' t i To be entitled an Act To Re-establish a Local Education Commission ' '"i -a'- in Atlanta and Fulton County to continue the study of the desirability and feasibility of combining the school systems of Fulton County and of the City of Atlanta, including the portion thereof lying in DeKalb County; to provide that said Commission shall draft a plan or plans, together with proposed Constitutional amendments and legislation, for the combining of such school systems and submit same to members of the General Assembly from Fulton and DeKalb Counties; to provide for the organization of said Commission; to provide for the publication of said plan or plans; to provide for allocation of funds by the Boards of Education of Atlanta and Fulton County for the operation of the Commission; to provide for i&Mi M M ff, • ' .rvr ' i' > authority to accept donations; and for other purposes. Whereas, by Resolution approved March 18, 1964 (Ga. L. 1964, p. 3171) '-ij' ^ I < ( ' there was created in Atlanta and Fulton County a Local Education Commission to study the desirability and feasibility of combining the school system of Fulton County and of the City of Atlanta; and Whereas, said Commission filed its report, recommending that said school systems be combined; and Whereas, by Resolution approved March 15, 1966 (Ga. L. 1966 p. 3413) said Commission was re-established for the purpose of drafting a plan or plans, together with proposed Constitutional amendments and legislation, for the combining of such school systems, for consideration by the members of the General Assembly; and Whereas, said Commission has presented its interim progress report, which . indicates that additional time will be required to complete the work of the Commission; and Whereas, it is desirable to re-establish said Commission for the purpose of completing the work of the Commission; NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT ENACTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF GEORGIA and it is hereby enacted by the authority of the same; H. B. No. 623 Page 1 «)'«;!!> I �1 1i It SECTION 1 There is hereby re-established in Fulton County and the City of Atlanta a Commission to continue the study of the desirability and feasibility of combining & the school systems of Fulton County and the City of Atlanta, including the portion thereof lying in DeKalb County., Said Conmission shall be known as the Local Education Commission, of said county, hereinafter referred to as the "Commission. ,tK Said Commission shall be composed of twenty-one (21) members, classified into , the following positions: (a) Two ex-officio positions, to be filled by the 'i < !*• V'.' !' < ! :. ' S:; j " rT)(/ . 'h.,'^ V . vd'. ^> ,' 'V, I 'ii.' ,.'>' . , 'f . r.iS^ ).' .1 J.'T, v> 't \ )| H. B. No. 623 Page 2 ' / S' fc ^ S 5 ^ ^ ' S1l\ 't'U ' ^ -v ^ i ^ gf I'ti J ' 'u '-ivh �majority of the persons serving as ms:'.n.bers of the Commission shall constitute a quo:::-um to do business but a less number may adjourn from time to time. The Commission shall eler..::t a Ch:1trman, a Vice-Chairman and a Secretary- Treasurer . from its membership. T½.<3 Corn.mil.,sion shall adopt , from time to time, such rules, regulations and modes of ,procedure -a s it deems expedient for the orderly dispatch of 'its busines .r3 . ThE: Gomrr:d.ssion shc.11 keep minutes and records of its meetings. A montr,ly sta te.:ment of ,s.11 disbursements of the funds hereinafter _pro_vided, properly vouched for, shall be furnished to the Boards ·of Education of Fulton County a.nd of th,,~ City of Atl.'inta. The fi~st meeting of the Commission shall be held within 3 121 days after the ap:p,roval of this Ac'i. by the Governor, at a place and time mutu;.31ly a·g reed upon by the members thereof representing the Boards of Education. o'f Fulton County and of the City of Atlanta . Said Boards of Education, or· eith.er 1.:>f them, upon application by the C ommis sion, shall provide suitable office s pac,~ and meet ing room.f, for the Commiss ion. SEC'J.'ION 3 It sha 7d be the function a nd du'ty of said Commi.ss ion to continue the study of the f~ducational sys tems of F u.lton County and of the City of Atlanta, including the: portion thereof lying in ·DeKalb Count y, for the P.i~pose of considerh1g the desirability and foi:.3 i .bility of combining said school systems, and to ~ubrnit to the General Assemb 1.y of the St,;1.te of Georgia as hereinafter provided o, plan or plans , together w,: ith proposed Constitutional amendments and I legisk1tkm, for the combining of sue ;h school systems, and such plan or plans sh-?;ll include any changes in politil: al a.nd administrative a nd fiscal structure 'of either or both of said systems w r 1kh the Commission deems de sirable and ' feasible . f 3ECTION 4 The said Commission shal l have the power and authority to hold public hearings and any judg~ of the sui: 1f ~rior court upon application signed by the Cl:Birman and Secretary-Treasurer · of the Commission sha.11 issue a subpoena for the attendance of ,my witnes~; or the production of any books, papers or records. In mo.kJng such study f J .1 e Commission is authorized to call upon the State of Georgia or any of its a~ Ji encies or institutions for any aid or assistance which can be render 'f ?d it, and to call upon the various departments of the county and municipalitiE ~1 assistance. Said commission I 3, including the law departments, for such may employ such special, technical and clerical H . B . No. 623 Page 3 , � • Tags: Box 6, Box 6 Folder 2, Folder topic: R. Earl Landers | Local Education Commission | 1964-1967 • Record Created: April 18, 2017 • Record Updated: December 29, 2017 ### Box 6, Folder 2, Document 3 • Result Type: Item • Item Type: Text • Title: Box 6, Folder 2, Document 3 • Text: 4 ~i -----~-/ / / LOCAL EDUCATION COMMISSION . MINUTES OF SPECIAL COMMITTEE FOR LEGAL SE~VICES FULTON COUNTY AtHINISTRATION BUILDING SEPTEMBER 10, 1964 The Special Committee appointed to detenriine legal assistance needed by the Commission met at 10:00 a.m., September 10, 1964, with the following in attendance: Mr, P. L. Dr. Johll Letson Bardin Mr. J, P. Groton Mn btis M. Jackson Mr. A. c. Latimer Dr. Truman Pierc:e Dr. Paul West bb Curtis Henson to After the meeting was cailed order bY Chai.nnan Bardin, Dr. Pierce was asked to revie~ the iegal services needed DY the Conunission. He pointed out that the present sttldy bf the Local mducation Cortimission must be much more pointed aitd spebi}ic thah the ptevious studies~ Legal steps necessary to aboli~h ths twb existing school systeltlS and to create a hew one must be desoribed in detaii. Since Mr. A. C. Latimer and Mr. James Groton have worked together f or years and are already involved in the study, it was agreed that they be employed as the official attorneys of the Conunission, however, the Commission reserves the right to employ .additional legal counsel at any future time. The lawyers will develop a proposed budget for the legal services, and Dr. Pierce will draft a total proposed budget for the Commission. Financial assistance will be sought after the budget has been approved. The meeting was adjourned at 11:30 a.m. ECH/dh September 22, 1964 Recording Secretary Approved by: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ Chai rman � • Tags: Box 6, Box 6 Folder 2, Folder topic: R. Earl Landers | Local Education Commission | 1964-1967 • Record Created: April 18, 2017 • Record Updated: December 29, 2017 ### Box 6, Folder 2, Document 4 • Result Type: Item • Item Type: Text • Title: Box 6, Folder 2, Document 4 • Text: METROPOLITAN SCHOOL DEVELOPMENT COUNCIL City of Atlanta and Fulton County B oards of Education 224 Central Ave., S.W. Atlanta 3, Georgia EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE Oby T. Brewer. Jr. co-chairman \V. L. Robinson, co-chairman COUNCIL STAFF September 28, 1964 E. Cur tis Henson Coordinator Gilbert E. Tauffner, Executive Director of Educational Broadcas tin g John \V. Letson Paul D . West Glenn Frick L. MJtvin Rivers REMmDER To: Members o f the Local Education CoIILrnissi on From : · Curtis He'J.son, Recordi:1.g Sec retary This is t o remi n d you t: at -t 11:-i Lo c al Educati on Com.rnis sion will meet on F rid y, October 2 , 1 964 , at 2 : IJO p .m ., in the Fulton County School Bo a rd Roo~, Count y Administ ratio~ Building. ECH/d.1-t � • Tags: Box 6, Box 6 Folder 2, Folder topic: R. Earl Landers | Local Education Commission | 1964-1967 • Record Created: April 18, 2017 • Record Updated: December 29, 2017 ### Box 6, Folder 2, Document 7 • Result Type: Item • Item Type: Text • Title: Box 6, Folder 2, Document 7 • Text: MINUTES LOCAL EDUCATION COMMISSION DECEMBER 11, 1964 The Local Education Commission met Friday, December 11, 1964, at 2:00 p.m., in the Board Room of the Fulton County Administration Building with the following members present: Mr. P. L. Bardin Mrs. Alan Ritter Mr. Otis Jackson Mr. Wallace Stewart Mr. Allen Kiepper Mr. Kenneth Stringer Jvtr. Earl Landers Mr. William Teems Dr. John W. Letson Mr. Fred J. Turner Mr. Thomas Miller Dr. Paul D. West The minutes of the October 2, 1964, meeting of the Local Education Commission were read and adcpted. The report entitled, "ONE DISTRICT FOR ATLANTA AND FULTON COUNTY SCHOOL SYSTEMS? ;' , which was presented by Dean Pierce at the October 2 meeting was discussed briefly. Mr. Otis Jackson moved that the report be accepted and thereby place the Commission on record as endorsing the position that the two school systems should be combined . Mr. Turner seconded the motion which carried unanimously. The question was raised concerning the number of Commission members required to constitute a quorum . Mr. Bardin read the following portion of Section 2 of the House Resolution No . 505-12 46, "A majority of the persons serving as members of the Commission shall constitute a quorum to do business but a less numbe r may ad journ from time to time. " · He then ruled that t en members would constitute a quorum whether they were all voting members or not. A letter from Mr . L. H. Newsome stating that he had moved f r om Atlanta was read . Dr . Ruf us Clement was unanimous ly elected to r eplace him. Mr . Otis J ackson gave a br i e f r eport of the trip made to Char lotteMecklenburg, North Carol ina , School Sys tem on Novembe r 4, 1 964. Bardin and Dr. Le t s on made t h is tri p a l so. Mr. Mr. Jackson r eported that �-2- all of the people contacted in Charlotte s eemed to be well pleased wi~':t the new s chool organh:ation and would not exchang·e -it for the old structure . Mr. J acks on point ed out that comb ining the North Carolina systems did not require as many changes in l egal and financial structures as wilJ. b e required for Atl anta and Fulton County. Financi al expenditure s h ave not been decreased thr ough combining the systems because salari e s and othe r s e rvices have been adjusted upward. Although operat:ng t he new system required more money than was required for the two s yst emG , t he represent at ive s contacted be lieve that much better s e r vi c es a re now be ing provided and that in general, the educati ona l o;)por tuni t i e s a re of a higher quality. The publ'c r e l ations a sp ect of the cons olidation was very important. Considerable ef f ort was devoted to f orming small discussion groups and other structures through whi ch c it i zens wer e informed about combining the systems. A compl ete wr i t t en r eport of the p r ocess of combining the two systems is not availabl e . A t entative budget for the yea r s 1965-66 fo r the sum of$86,480 was submitted to the Comrnission. It was pointed out that $10,000 of this amount had been appr opri ated by the At lanta and the Fulton C01.at y School Sys t ems . Howeve r, app roxi mat e ly$4 ,000 was spent for oper ating expens es duri ng 1 964 . Mr. Turner expressed an opini on that every ef f ort possibl e should be made by the County and the City to finance t he Commission's study and that if funds are not avai l abl e loca lly , then financial assistance should be sought elsewhere. Mr. Teem moved that t he budget be adopted as presented and that it be entit l ed a tentative operating budge-:t. The motion was seconded by Mr. Stewart and carried unanimous ly. Places to secure f unds for the budget were ident ified and the urgency for contacting foundations early in the year was stressed. Mr. Teem made the motion that the Ford Foundation be approached as a first step in a~tempting to obtain finances for the operation of the Commission. If t he proposal i s not r e ceived favorably by the Ford �, -3- Foundation, then other sources should be contacted. seconded by Mr. St ewart and passed unanimously. The motion was It was agreed that in the meantime, the respective local governments and agencies should be notified that the C;orrmi_ .:; .,:i. on m2.y e.sk them for funds to complete ~he st,~dy. Mr. Eardin stated that Corrunission funds are now handled by the Comptroller of the Atlanta School System. He stated that Mr. Holley could continue to handle the funds but that Mr. Stringer, as SecretaryTreasurer of the Cornmission,would authorize expenditures and make financial reports to the Comrnission. The Commission would approve all 1-:i. rge expenditures but out of pocket funds could be authorized by Mr. Stringer or, in his absence by the Chairman or Vice-Chairman. Mr. Thomas Mil l er moved that this procedure be adopted. Mr. Stewart seconded the motion which passed unanimously. Dean Pierce then gave a report on the Interim Report whir.his to be filed with the Representatives of Fulton and DeKalb Counties and the Senators of the 34th, 35th, 36th, 37th, 38th, 39th, 40th, 41st, 42nd and 43rd Districts in the General Assembly of Georgia and with che Clerks of the superior courts having jurisdiction in Fulton ,md DeKalb Counties and with the City Clerk of the City of Atlanta on the first day of the next session of the General Asse:mJ:;ly following January l, 1965. Mrs. Ritter moved that the report be accept ed. The motion carr~ed unanimously. It was agreed that legal services be delayed until after monies to fund the budget have been obtained. The meeting was ad journed at 3:40 p .m. ECH:dh December 30, 1964 �
• Tags: Box 6, Box 6 Folder 2, Folder topic: R. Earl Landers | Local Education Commission | 1964-1967
• Record Created: April 18, 2017
• Record Updated: December 29, 2017

### Box 6, Folder 2, Document 9

• Result Type: Item
• Item Type: Text
• Title: Box 6, Folder 2, Document 9
• Text: MINUTES LOCAL EDUCATION COMMISSION FEBRUARY 26, 1965 The Local Education Connnission met Friday, February 26, 196~ at 2 P. M. in the Board Room of the Fulton County Administration Building with the following members present: Mr. P. L. Bardin Dr. Rufus Clement Mr. Alan !U :!pper Dr. John Let son Dr. James }filler, Jr. Mr. Thomas Hiller Mrs. Allen Ritter Mr. Kenneth Stringer Mr. William Teem, III Mr. Fred Turner Dr. Paul West Dr. Rufus Clement was introduced and welcomed as the new member of the Connnission. Minutes of the December 11, 1964, meeting were read and approved. Mr. Stringer presented the bill from Dr. Truman Pierce for consultant services and expenses f rom July 1, 1964, through January 1, 1965, which totaled $2,585.60($2,400 consultant services, $185.60 expenses). Mr. Stringer moved that the bill be pai d. Hr. Fred Turner seconded the motion which passed unanimously. Mr. 3ardin briefly reported on a letter from Representative Jack Etheridge concerning the Interim Report . He also read a portion of t he letter from Mr . Leonard Robinson expressing apologies for being absent as much as has been necessary and sugge sting that the Connnission reconnnend that the present Fulton County and Atlanta Schools be divided into two equal district s. · Mr. Turner expressed disappointment that the Connnission had received only two letters since the approval of the Interim Report. He said he had hoped that there would be considerably more interest in the work of the Connnission than the two letters reflect. Mr. Kiepper stressed the b r:portance of completing the report of the Connnission in time for the legislators of Fulton County and DeKalB County . to become thoroughly familiar with it before the first meeting of the next General Assembly. He st a t ed that his experience has been that legislators do not have t ime for very many meetings and discussion periods after the General Assembly convenes. Dr. Letson reported t hat Hr . Ed Meade, Jr . from the Fund for the Advancement of Education had been contacted to ascertain interest in financing the current study of the Local Ec ucation Connnission . It was Mr . Meade's opinion that the foundation would not be interested in such a project. No formal request has been made but could be if the Connnission de sires. �:V.ir. Bardin reported that Dr. Pierce 1 s original contract expired in January of 1965, and recorrnnended conti nuing it. Mr. Thomas Miller r.~oved that Dr. Pierce 1 s services be continued until the f i rst meeting date of the 1966 General AssenbJ_y at a fee not t o e1:c eed$3, 000 plus expenses. The motion was seconded by Mr. r ennet h Stringer and passed unanimously. It was agreed that if Dr. Pierce I s servic.es are needed beyond that date this could be arranged by m·tual consent. Mr. Bardi n stated that during the past month or so some questions and points have been raised concerning whether the Commission should continue · with the same course of action. There ·seems to be considerable agreement that, if voted on today, the voting public would turn down the proposal to combine the two systens. This raises questions concerning how the Commission should proceed. He then suggested that t he Conunission deviate somewhat from earlier plans and develop only a broad general outline for combining the two systems. This skeleton outline will be presented to the representatives as soon as this session of the General Assembly is over. Suggestions from the representatives will be included in the final draft of the report of the Connnission. Hrs. ~i tt er asked what has happened to cause the Commission to consider c';,eviating from its preYious position. It was pointed out that the people must decide whether the systems will be co1:ibined and, currently, it is believed that they vould defeat such a proposal. Also, funds to finance an elaborate s tudy have not been forthcoming; some teacher groups are speaking out a gainst combining the systems; and, the amount of work involved i n developing a comprehens ive detailed outline would be somewhat meaningless unless there wa s some assure.nee that the plans could be in.plemented. It seems bes t to get approval of the i dea bef ore some of the specifics ar e developed. For exanple, to draft all of t he bills required to merge the respective ret ireoent sys tems would be an unnece ssary expenditure of funds and energy unle ss agreement had been reached t hat the two systems would be combined. hr . Turner pointed out that we need to discuss t he entire i ssue wit h t eachers in both systems so that they will be well informed. Dr. Letscn stated that before these di scussion grovps can be meaningful., certain questions oust be answered. For e:;~nple, it should be det ermined if adequat e_ finances wil l be available on a long range basis to operate n combin3d system equal to or better than what each system now has. Dr. tvest said that in his discussion with County teachers he had focused attention upon the need of cor.1bining the two systems, the need f or additional finances and the point that t he City was not trying to usurp the County's prerogat ives. Also, he had pointed out that it would require several years to develop all the details for combining the systems into an entirely new system. One sys t em would not be absorbed into the other. (2 ) �It was agreed that a skelet on report should b~ developed which would outline the steps to be taken t o combine the two systems and provide adequate information necessary to ~~ke intelligent decisions. This report should anticipate pertinent questions and atte:-:1pt t o answer them. For example, the report should st a t e that the pens~on pl2~s currently in operation are not actuarially sound. If the syst ems cor~ined, the retirement benefits for any teacher will not be reduced because of joining the two systems. Other points which must be presented pertain t o the salaries, financing the new system, addi tiinal non-ad valor em taxes, t:L-:.1e tables for certain phases of the program to be completed, the selection of ~card Me:obers and other pert5~ent infon,ation. After this report has been complet ed the Corrnnission will review it and make suggestions. Then the report will be reviewed by the two Doards of Education and by the representatives fror.1. Fulton and DeKalb counties. Suggestions fron the various groups will be incorporated into the final draft of the Cor.nnission's report. Hr. Fred Turner then made the mo·cion that the skeleton outline with appropriat e information be developed and presented to the Commission for approval and to the two Boards of Education and the representatives from Fulton and DeKalb count ies f or suggestions. The motion was seconded by Mr. Teem and passed unanir.1ously. Mr . Teem ' s suggestion that the report also show the cos-: for operating a cor.1bined system for a period of time, the cost for operating the two syst ems separately for the same period of time and the combi ned cost of operating each syst em separately was accepted. Mr . Bardin di scussed a letter from Dr . Jerry Hiller requesting that a talk outline concerning combining the two systems be developed. Mr . Alan Kiepper stat ed that all of t he pertinent decisions of the Commission to date were included in the Interim Report which he had used as a basis for speeches. Dr. Pierce surmnarized his i nt erpretations of the decisions made during the meeting. They are as follows: a. b. c. The earl ier decisi on of t he Commissi on in favor of a single school dist rict is unchanged but procedures and next steps are t o be modified according to the discussion today; A skeleton plan for conbining the two school systems shot'l d be developed which will give attent ion to the :r.iany vi tal quest ions which shocld be answered before the vot ers can mke an obj ective decisi on on the i ssue, and This plan will be revi ewed by t he Commission, the boards of educat i on, and the members of t he General Assembly from Fulton and Der~l b c ounties. Thei r suggestions will be sought and gi ven consideration i n the f inal repor t of the Commission. The meeting was ad journed at 4 P. H. ECH:cw March 4, 1965 Recor ding Secr etary Approved by: ___________ Chairman (3) �
• Tags: Box 6, Box 6 Folder 2, Folder topic: R. Earl Landers | Local Education Commission | 1964-1967
• Record Created: April 18, 2017
• Record Updated: December 29, 2017

### Box 6, Folder 2, Document 21

• Result Type: Item
• Item Type: Text
• Title: Box 6, Folder 2, Document 21
• Text: PUBLIC SCHOOL TEACHERS' ASSOCIATION 19 7 CE N TRAL AV E NUE, S . W. ATLANTA, GEORGIA 30303 ~ @ May 22, 1967 ~- Earl ;{,anders, Adnm. Asst. f o Mayor, eity Hall , Atlanta, Georgia. Dear Mr. Landers: The enclosed Resolution was adopted at our General Meeting on Monday, Hay 15, 1967. We are quite disturbed and concerned about the probler.i. We thought that it was agreed that representation selected and authoriz ed to represent our professional personnel would be chosen by t he Legislature to represent us on the Commission. This was not done. Consequently we are forced to protect our people by expl aining the pr esent situation t o you and requesting proper r epr esentation. Ue shall appreciate your cooperation and help in arriving at a proper and satisfact ory solution. Si ncerel y your s , ·· 1 ~ A. D. JONES, Pre-si en, Atlanta Publ i c Schoo Teachers' As sociation. ADJ:dw Encl. (Resolution) �
• Tags: Box 6, Box 6 Folder 2, Folder topic: R. Earl Landers | Local Education Commission | 1964-1967
• Record Created: April 18, 2017
• Record Updated: December 29, 2017