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Box 7, Folder 12, Document 1

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_007_012_001.pdf
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  • Title: Box 7, Folder 12, Document 1
  • Text: December 1969 The Urban Coalition Calls For Health Care Reforms The Urban Coalitibn has called for a combination of national and community action to bring about sweeping medical reforms, aimed at improving health care for all Americans, particufarly those in the cities. In a comprehensive 76-page repqrt prepa red by its health task force , the Coalition maintained' that while the United States spends a bigger proportion of its gross national p,roduct on health than any other country, its health services are inadequate. The report , Rx for Action, was prepared under the direction of Dr. George A. Silver, the Coalition's Executive Associate for Health. According to the report, Americans spend more than $53 billion a nnua lly on a "potpourri" of public and private hea lth programs. If these fund s were spent more efficiently, the report Dr. George A. Silver, Coa1ition Executive Associate f or Health; John W. Gardner, Urban Coalition Chairman; and Dr. Roger 0 . Egeberg, A ssistant Secretary for Health and Scientific Affairs of HEW at p ress conference to announce Rxjor Action. concluded , many more people would be ·ser'ved and better services could be assured for all. Poor health affects all Americans, regardless of income, the report said. Not only· the poor, but middle income families, blue collar workers, welfare mothers, and all city residents- black, white and brown - suffer fI:.Q_m substandard health care. Community action, according to the Coalition, can generate more immediate i,mprovement for its citizens than almost any national effort. Local successes would also stimulate needed national reforms. The repo ; t urged the local urban coalitions that have been formed in nearly 50 cities to establish their own health task forces . But the Coalition emphasized that the study's findings and recommendations could be used in whole or in part by any local community organization concerned with.the quality of health care. These would include local chambers of commerce , labor and religious groups, local bus- �inessmen and women's organizations. The same consultant and technical assistance services that the national Coalition intends to make available to its local health task forces would be available to ,these groups . The Urban Coalition will consult with the major voluntary health organizations to obtain their cooperation. The Coalition also plans to meet in a series of regional health conferences with local coalitions and other groups. The report decried the lack of participation of the poor and the non-poor in health services planning and said that no serious effort had yet been taken to train individuals outside of professional groups in this area. "In both the Jong and short runs," the report stated, "advances in the health field depe.nd on the will of the.American people." · The study emphasized that the "middle-class white community has been too infrequently represented in hospital board membership and in public health bodies, or even on the boards . of voluntary agencies." It said that the poor, specifically blacks, Mexican-Americans and Puerto Ricans, had been left out of the decision-making process. The Coalition urged more representation from these people on hospital boards, health and welfare councils, insurance bodies and public health advisory councils. Following are some of the prindpal findings and recommendations of the report: Malnutrition: With estimates placing the yearly cost of the consequences of malnutrition to the economy at substantially more than the $3-4 billion needed to eliminate hunger, coalitions should work to make more of the proper food more readily available to the public. Environment: The well-being of the urban poor is being directly threatened by bad housing and air and water pollution. Citizens groups should be formed to educate the poor on such basic matters as housing and health code requirements, their legal rights to services, safety practices and rat and vermin control. Access to Facilities: More local money is essential to help meet the need of the many communities for more health facilities. Transportation systems and emergency ambulance services could be studied to see if they are geared to the needs of the poor. Interpreters: Interpreters could be used in clinics and information centers for Spanishspeaking people. Occupational Health Clinics: Hospital boards could arrange for the development of occupa2 tional health clinics to serve local industry and provide advice for health and safety programs for working people from the local community. Manpower Deficiencies: Through the system of routine volunteer assignments, medical societies could undertake· to supply doctors in areas where sufficient numbers are not -available. Sub-professionals could be trained to handle many of the duties involved in health care. The Coalition's study emphasized that many local programs could be immediately launched without waiting for action by the Federal government. But it also pointed out that effective local action will always have to be supplemented and strengthened by effective Federal action. The report called for a national system of financing medical care costs that . will give e~ery American access to services without any economic barrier. Dr. Roger 0 . Egeberg, who is the Assistant Secretary for Health and Scientific Affairs, commented on the Coalition's recommendations. He said: "The country should be grateful to the Urban Coalition for this type of analysis of the nation's health needs, and planning for the nation's health services. "The Coalition's proposal recognizes that solving the medical needs of America is not the job of the Federal government al~ne, but also requires effort and change by everyone." In compiling its Rx for Action the health task force of the Urban Coalition has laid down a battle plan for the war against poo r health care in the United States. Copies are available from the Urban Coalition, 2100 M Street, N . W., Washington, D.C. 20037. New Members Added to Coalition Steering Committee Fourteen new mem bers have been added to the Steering Committee of the Urban Coalition. The new additions to the Coa lition's policy-making bod y include businessmen, mayors, a state senator a nd a physician. T he new members anno.unced by Urban Coalition Chairman John W. Gardner are: State Senator Joe J. Bernal of San Antonio, Texas. Senator Bernal, an educator and social worker as well as a legislator, is executive director of the Guadalupe Community Center in San Antonio. Mayor Frank Curran of San Diego, California. Mayor Curran is president of the National League of Cities. �r Hector P. Garcia, M.D., a Corpus Christi,' Mayor Jack D . Maltester of San Leandro , CalTexas physician and a former commissioner of ifornia. Maltester is a lso president of the U.S . the U. S. Civil Rights Commission. Conference of Mayors. ' Ben W. _Heineman of Chicago, president of James Roche, chairman of the board of Gen~ Northw.est Industries Inc. Heineman is chafrman era! Motors Corp., and member of the board of of the President's Commission on Income Maintrustees of the New Detroit Committee, an urban tenance. coalition. Samuel C. Johnson, president ofS. C. Johnson H. I. Romnes, chairman of the board of ;\ T & T , & Son lrrc. and president of the Racine EnvironNew York. Romnes is a lso vice-chairman of•the ment Commitee, a local urban coalition. Nati-onal Industrial Conference Board and is a. , Mayo r Eric Jonsso n of Dallas. member of the Urban Coalition's task force on Stephen F. Keating, president of Honeywell , ed°i.ication. Inc., and former chairman of the Mi nneapolis Martin Stone, president of Monogram Industries Inc. and chairman of the Los Ange les UrUrban Coalition. ba n Coalition. · Donald M. Kendall, president of Pepsico, Inc. , and chairman of the Na tional A llia nce of Busi- · , Mr. Gardne r said the Urban Coalition adds to the Steering Committee periodically to ass ure nessmen, New York. Mayor Richard Lugar of Indianapolis. broad and dynamic representaJio n from the CoDonald S. MacNaughton, president of Pruden- alition's constituent elements- local government, !Susiness, labor, minority gro up s and retial Ins ura nce Co. and former cha~rman of the ligion. Newark Urban Coalition. M. Carl Holman, vice-president of the Urban Coalition/or Policy and Program Development; Peter libassi, Coalition. executive vice-president; and Nicho /asdeB. Katzenbach, former U.S. Attorney General and chairman of the Coalition 's · law and government task/orce discuss new approac_hes to the reform of the criminaljustice system spelled out in the Coalition's report Taking the Blindfold off Justice. 3 �Urban Coalition Action Council Supports Welfare Reform I "The time has come to discard the existing patchwork of ineffective and in many ways de"' structive public assistance programs. You have the opportunity to replace them with a national system of income maintenance that will help people to help themselves but preserve individual dignity in aiding those left behind by society." With these words, John W. Gardner, Chairman 9f the Urban Coalition Action Council, began his testimony last month before the House Ways and Means Committee, which is considering President Ni_x on's p_roposal~ to reform the nation's public assistance programs. At the same time, Mr. Gardner said the Urban Coalition and the Urban Coalition Action Council will give ,the issue top priority for the months ahead. "It is of the highest importance," he said, "that such lingering myths as the one that the poor in America are people who don't want to work-able-bodied loafersbe erased and that our public assistance programs be overhauled." In his congressional testimony, Mr. Gardner _ termed the Administration's reform proposals "extremely important and on the whole well designed," but suggested strengthening them at several crucial points. "If the proposals are accepted," he said, "the Federal government will for the first ti;;e in history accept responsibility for providing a minimum level of payment throughout the nation and for financing it. J would have been very proud had I been able to establish that principle during my tenure as Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare. It is an historic step." Mr. Gardner also praised the proposals for their emphasis on children, their work incentive features and their greatly broadened coverage. "Of special significance," he said, "is the inclusion of the working poor for the first time. The complete omission of the working poor is surely one of the strangest anomalies of the present system. A society which values work should surely make some provision for the six million adults who work full-time, year-round, and yet cannot earn enough to bring themselves above the poverty line." "The strengths of the President's proposals," he said, "could lead us on to an immeasurably sounder and more equitable system of income maintenance. But if the promise of the propo4 sals is to be realized, they m_u st be strengthened at a number of points," among them: I. Provision should be made for "a nationwide increase in benefits to the poverty level over a specified period of time," with the $1,600 floor proposed by the }>_resident serving as a starting point for a phased program. 2. "Adequate provision should be made for 'one-stop' administration of the proposed Federal-state system." . 3. While "the improved benefits for the aged, disabled and blind are a welcome step," Mr. Gardner's statement said, "it may be that our ultimate goal should be a single income maintenance system which provi_des for uniform adequate assistance for all of our impoverished citizens, including ne~dy individuals and couples without children." 4. "Given the elasticity of its tax base; and the economies of scale and efficiency offered by Federal administration, a shift of the welfare burden to the Federal government is clearly one means of res~lving the fiscal dilemmas of state and local government." 5. The work requirement provisions of the legislation "should specify job standards and wage rates for 'suitable employment.'" Finally, he said, "I would emphasize that there must be provisions for job creation, so that the training opportunities won't be a revolvingdoor into continued unemployment. The ideal solution is a public service employment program." While Mr. Gardner praised the work requirement proposals, he made it clear that there are limits to what can be expected of it. "Many Americans sincerely believe that people living in poverty are people who don't want to work- or people who don't want steady work," he said. "In other words, able-bodied loafers. That is a long way from the truth. Of the 25 million persons living below the poverty line, 15 million are either under J8·or over 65." "Of the remaining IO million, nine million fall within the scope of the Administration's family assistance proposals (as being adults in poor families that include children). "Let us look at that nine million. The Administration estimates that 7.9 million are already working, but earn too little to bring them above the poverty level, or are the wives of uch men, or are disabled , or are women who mu t stay home because of very young children. "That leaves I.I million adults who the Administration feels can significantly help themselves and would thus be required to register �for jobs or work training-600,000 men and 500,000 mothe rs of school-aged children." Mr. Gardner also emphasized that "no welfare program can cure underlying conditions." "Th€ poverty that makes a public assistance program necessary," he said, "is rooted in a variety of historical and contemporary' conditions; discrimination, the pathology of the urban and rural slum, inadequate education, insufficient job opportunities in the locality, low pay in jobs not covered by the minimum wage, inadequate social insurance benefits, inadequate provisions for" manpower training and so on." If we are to get to the root of the problem we shall have to do so through education, health and nutrition programs, the -creation of job opportunities, the elimination of slum conditions and similar measures." Mr. Gardner's testimony, delivered by Ambassador George McGhee, special representative of the chairman, elaborated on the position taken i~ late June by the full Policy Council of the Orban Coalition Action Council. Copies of Mr. Gardner's testimony and of the Action Council booklet on welfare reform Toward A Full Opportunity" are available from the Urban Coalition Action Council, 2100 . M Street, N. W.,Washington, D. C. 20037. Coalition Begins Probe of Credit Practices toLow Income Consumers A preliminary study which examines efforts by commercial banks, credit unions and retailers - to make credit available to fqw-income consumers,· has been made p~blic by the national Urban Coalition. · The study, entitled, "Consumer Credit and the Low Income Consumer," was prepared after more than five months _of field and research work by William G. Kaye & ·Associates, consultants in the area of consumer affairs. . A major finding showed that the poor can and do pay their bills. "The low-income consumer may at times encounter som<:: difficulty in paying bills when due, but in the end, his perform_ance in paying his full obligation is nearly as good as his more affluent suburban counterpart," the report said . The 105-page study formed the basis of a November meeting called by the Coalition to look at models that may be successful in extending credit to the poor. The meeting was chaired by Edward C. Sylvester, Jr. , former Assistant Secretary. in Community and Field Services, Department of Health, Education and On a recent visit to the Greater Miami Urban Coalition, Chairman John Gardner met with Coalition leaders. He is shown here visiting with some of the m inority representatives of the Miami Coalition. 5 / �Welfare, and attended by approximately 100 vided by David M. Thompson, Assistant to the leaders from retailing, the poor, Federal agen- Chairman; Douglas Lawson, Financial Developcies and the White House, banks, organized ment Officer; and Walker Williams, Associate ljtbor, social action groups, lawyers and con- Financial Development Officer. sumer and credit organizations. · T he report ~ill be further considered at a series of regional meetings, the first of which Newark Love Festival took place in Minneapolis, December 7-8. Mr. Kaye, former executi; e director of the Salutes "The Summer Thing" President's Committee on Consumer Interests, stated that "Hopefully, this report-in addition Through efforts of the Greater Newark Urban to increasing the availability of low-income"' Coalition, New Jersey's largest city had a Love credit-wiU shec;I some light on the realities and Festival on October 5th . . A video tape replay mytho logies about the performance of the low- of the event was shown on an hour-long, primeincome person in seeking, utilizing arid repay- time, NBC national telecast on November 14th. ing consumer loans and other forms of conBased on a series of free , outdoor concerts sume r credit." first given in Harlem, the Love festiv_al was brought to Newark by WNBC-TV, which se. cured the help of the Harlem Festival producer, Local Coalitions Get Tony Lawrence. The Love Festival was WNBC's way of honoring Newark's Recreation Planning Fund-Raising Guidelines Council, better hown as The Sum mer T/:zing. Fund-raising guidelines will be the subject of The Newark Love Festival turned out to be two national Urban Coalition conferences for quite an autumn event. It turned on as one of local coalition chairmen, fund-raising chair- the largest happenings in the city's 302-year history. Between 70,000 and I0G,000 "beautimen and executive directors. At these how-to-do-it" sessions members ful, beautiful people" attended. Not a single incident marred the massive of the national Coalition's Financial Deve lopment Advisory Council and- other experts will outdoor spectacular held in Newark's Weequashare their expertise in raising 01oney-a vital hic Park. For six hours, rock bands, folk and ingredient behind any successful coalition pro- soul singers, comedians and mod entertainers gram-with loca l leaders. gave performances. Twenty thousand phonoT he first conference, to be held in Philadel- graph records_were given away. WNBC said the phia in December, is for coalitions in the north- Love Festival was "a major community relaeast and southeast regions. The other is planned tions project." for January for coalitfon representatives from The community effort grew out of Newark Cothe mid west and west. alition pres ident Gustav Heningburg's plea to Co nference speakers will highlight the keys to New York television stations, just LO miles successful fund-raising: identifying community away, to devote ome coverage to ewark's leaders; de veloping a "case"; organizi ng vol- brighter side. The city had received con iderunteers for fund-raising, and the "nuts and a ble adverse publicity since the 1967 riot. In bolts" of solicitation. response, WNBC-TV Channel 4, a ked HeningBased on these guidelines, workshops will burg to suggest an activity worth televi ing that enable coalition representatives to pinpoint might offset coverage of ewark's problems. areas for further guidance and to exchange Heningburg's recommendation wa the R creaexperiences . tion Planning Council or The Summer Thing. a The 29-member Financial Development Ad- program which involves ghetto youth in recreavisory Council comprises to·p financial devel- tiona l opportunities. opment officers from colleges and universities The Summer Thing was born in late May as across the country. One of its primary roles is Newark looked toward another long hot summer to counsel local coalitions in organizing suc- with little in the way of programs to offer outcessful fund-raising programs. Thus far Coun- of-school, inner-city youth. cil members have individually advised coaliSupported by the Newark Coalition's Steering tions in 13 cities. Committee, Heningburg put together a prestiCoalition staff support for the Advisory Coun- gious, five-man, voluntary group of co-chaircil -and national fund-raising . efforts 1s pro- men. It included both deputy mayors, Paul 6 �l r Reilly and Lewis Perkins. The re_presentative participation of social agencies "was a joy to of business and industry was Al DeRogatis, a -: behold,"stated Heningburg. Medical sch00! inPrudential Insurance Company vice president te.rns worked with welfare mothers, hip teenagand former football great. John Scagnelli, a ers manned lost and found stations with senvice president of the Couricil of Social Agen- ior citizens, radical students and conservative cies, served as delegate for more than 150 pr_ofessionals joined hands to organize shuttle - United Fund agencies and State Assemblyman buses. Ideological, age, language, and racial George Richardson, a black legislator, repre- differences seemed unimportant and for that sented the coalition. aftern~on friendship, lo~e and pride prevailed Office space was donated by the Newark and everybody"Gave A Damn!" Housing Authority. One of the local manpower Shortly after the November 14th national programs donated office equipment. The Newark telecast, Gus Heningburg went do~n to Fayette, Chamb~rof Commerce agreed to raise $234,000.· Mississippi to help black Mayor Charles Evers The Summer Thing contacted more than 100 plan a Thanksgiving Day, Love Festival for his community organizations asking them to sub- town. mit their recreation proposals. Through care-;. ful screening and much negotiation, the cochairmen approved 29· proposals for . funding. In less than six weeks, an office wa set up, a volunteer staff .was secured, work began on fund raising and a directory was compiled of more than 70 community-sponsored youth programs, public and private. A communications center was established to which anyone could call on any giyen day and get a listing of recreational activities going on in town. The center also published. a daily newsletter listing special events of the day for distribution to almost JOO points in the city. Local radio station WNJR taped and broadcasted daily events all through the summer. By the end of the summer, the Chamber of Commerce raised almost $200,000. T he Engelhard Foundation provided the first $1 ,000 and an additional $57,000 came from the New Jersey State Department of Community Affairs. More than 50,000 youngsters particip,ated in The Summer Thing. By Labor Day, it was clear that partially-polarized Newark could get diverse people to work together and get things done well and fast. NBC, impressed with The Summer Thing, looked for a fitting salute. It. hit upon the Love Festival concerts in Harlem that had attracted hundreds of thousands of New Yotkers. Tony Lawrence agreed to get the talent and WNBC promised to film the gala for television. The Recreation Planning Council -was asked to secure a suitable outdoor location and help attract crowds that would reflect the black/white cooperation that made The Summer Thing so meaningful to Newark. In a scant three · weeks, hundreds of details had to be bandied. For the first time, the Newark police cooperated with the Black Panthers Gustav Heningburg, president of the Greater Newark Urban in crowd control. T he city administration and Coalition at the Newark Love Festival. 7 �/ Call For Action Director Named Grass Roots News R. Alexander Grant, the former national di- The Greater Kansas City Urban Coalition has rector of recruitment for VISTA (Volunteers inaugurated a program of tours of the inner-city in Service to America), has been named as the to give interested citizens, parti~ularly white suburbanites, a first hand view of inner-city Executive Director of"Call for Action". "Call for Action" is a project in coopera- · housing, schools business development and tion with the national Urban Coalition, and is recreation facilities. Small groups travel in a operated by a radio station and a staff of volun- modified bus, are given a running description teers in a number of cities. of inner-city conditions, and told of the activities Mr. Granl was born in Newark, N. f. in 1933. of the Urban Coalition. The tours began with the He has a B. A. from Bloomfield College and an _Greater Kansas City Urban Coalition board of M. A. from Montclair State College. - directors and has since included members of In announcing Mr. Grant's appointment, John the Real Estate Board and service clubs. W. Gardner, the Coalit'ion's Chairman, said the The Greater Kansas City Urban Coalition has Coalition hoped to have "Call for Action" pro, . k. · 8 10 . . . - h h h formed a womens task force, believed to be the grams wbor hmg md f- h cities t roug out t e - first such among local coalitions. The task force d· · t · h h w lf R. h country y t e en o t e year. , · · U d h · · ct· ·ct 1 ll 1 1 1s mvo 1ve ma proJec wit t e e are 1g ts . n er t_ e proJect, m IVI ua s may ca oca Organization and will concentrate in the housrad10 stations for referral to the proper agen- · fi ld · 1970 · for he 1p wit · h sueh pro blems as poor h ous- ___ mg ie. _m c1es _ _ _· _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ ing, crime, narcotics, hospital care and sanita- The Greater Kansas City Urban Coalition is tion disposal. publishing a voter information booklet for the "Call for Action" was begun at radio station January 20 school board elections, reviewing WMCA in New York City by Mrs . R. Peter the qualifications of the candidates and containStraus, wife of the station's owner and co- ing their views on key issues. chairman of the nationwide program. The new South Bend Urban Coalition already The project is now on the air in New Yark, has received preliminary reports from five task Chicago, Denver and_Utica. forces and this month expects final reports outMr. Grant's duties will include policy forlining action programs for 1970. The task mulation and coordination for the various "Call forces are for education, housing, employment, for Action" projects. racial attitudes a nd conflict, and youth. Mayo r Carl Stokes of Cleveland has announced plans for a "Call for Action" program on station WERE under the coordination of the Cleveland Urban Coalition. "Call for Action" programs, now in operation in several cities, enable listeners to call volunteers at the station to register complaints about deficient city services. The Cleveland program will begin early in 1970. The Urban Coalition of Minneapolis has a new president, Phillip Harder, senior vice president of the First National Bank. He succeeds Dean McNeal, vice president of the Pillsbury Company, whose term expired . R. A lexander Grant 8 The Mayor of Winston-Salem, NOith Carolina proclaimed the week of December 8-12 as "Family and Child Development Week" in conjunction with a project sponsored by the Day Care Association of the Urban Coalition with the co-operation of other child-related agencies. Symposiums on child development and educa- �tion were held throughout the week for parents, school administrators, businessmen, representatives from social service agenci_es and other interested groups. of the Greater Miami The housing task force / . Coalition has completed development of a curriculum for a new-course offered at the University of Miami on housing management. The 15·week course followed by on-the-job-training will open up new careers for disadvantaged persons in the management of housing complexes. Key feature of the plan is job commitments for those finishing the course. The El Paso (Tex.) Urban Coalition has been holding open fo rums each month on problems affecting the El Paso community. The forums, officially known as Area Council Meetings for Public Information, have dealt with such matters as poli_ce protection, street paving, housing, schools and public safety. to . determine their major .grievances. This information is _presented to the businessmen on the coalition's steering committee, who then take it to the city agency that can do something about the problems uncovered in the interviews. Three VISTA lawyers, working under a program co-sponsored by the national Urban Coalition began working in Denver in mid-October. They're working on bail refqrm. "Call for Action" got off to an action packed start in Denver in late October with radio station KLZ getting about 150 calls in itJ, first week of operation. New Urban Coalitions Since the end of the summer local coalitions have sprung up all over the map. The five new- • est are South Bend, Rhode Island, Wilmington, El Paso and Chattanooga. Officially the South Bend (Ind.)' c;oalition is known as the St. Joseph County Urban Coalition. The local Chamber of Commerce in South Bend is staffing the coalition while the search goes on for a full-time executive director. The coalition's chairman is Frank Sullivan, chairman of the board o( Frank Sullivan Associates, The bail refo rm program of the Riverside Coa- an insurance firm. lition, operating since mid-September, has reRhode Island shows there may be some adduced the average length of jail stay from 37 vantages to being small, at least in the sense to 4 days. Five coalition representatives were of coalition. The Rhode Island coalition is the ·among the Riverside officials attending the only statewide coalition. It bas an executive national Coalition's briefing on new approaches director-designate, Anthony Agostinelli and a to criminal justice in New York in April; liked president, Elwood E. Leonard J r. Leonard is what they saw, convinced the Riverside police president of the H & H Screw Company, and also department to give bail reform a try and since chairman of the United Fund Drive. its inception, nearly 60 persons have been reWilmington (Del.) is looking for a n executive leased on their own. recognizance under the director. Rodney Layton, a Wilmington attorney project. and vice-chairman of the United Fund in that city is chairma n of the new coalition. In San Ysidro (Calif.), a small, green colored In the west Texas town of El Paso they call stucco house has been converted into a health the coalition the Council for Social Action beclinic for some 7,000 Mexican-Americans. The cause that was what it was called before it beclinic treats about 150 persons a week and came a local urban coalition in the beginning of operates with one full-time nurse, Miss J eannie Powers. The San Diego Coalition played a major September. Three weeks after it was recognized as a coalition by the national, William Pearson, role in creating the clinic and a lso refurbished El Paso's executive director was in Washington and furnished the entire house. with 30 other local executive directors. They In San Antonio, (Tex.) the coalition bas formed a met with John W. Gardner. group that it calls the "clearinghouse committee." The Reverend James I. Oliver is the chairman The committee is interviewing ghetto residents of the coalition, which is the third in Texas. The Riverside (Calif.)Coalition, under its vivacious and energetic executive director, Mrs. Ruth Pepe, has convinced the school system that it doesn't have to keep going to such fa raway places as Arizona and Texas to hire minority teachers. Through a program set up as a result of coalition efforts five black instructors have been trained and hired from within th_e Riverside community. 9 �The others are San Antonio and Corpus Christi. In Chattanooga they had to wait more than two years before a coalition was actually formed. Interest in creating a coalition in that southern city began with the August 1967 convocation of 1,200 of the nation's leaders that gave birth to the national Urban Coalition. Co:chairmen of the new Chattanooga coalition are John Slack, general manager of Com- bustion Engineering ~nd Roy Noel, city youth coordinator.- One of the members of the Steering Committee is Mrs. Ruth S. Golden, publisher of ...the Chattanooga Times and sister-inlaw of Andrew Heiskell, chairman of th1:: board. of Time, In~. and co-chairman of the national Urban Coalition. See page I I for complete list of established urban coalitions. Miami Case Study What They Are Saying Last fall there were some 340 serious ·disturbances in high schools in 38 states. One of the most seri_o us-in terms of potential consequences-occurred in Dade County(Miami), Florida, where an integration dispute at Palmetto High School threatened to escalate into a black student boycott of the entire school system. Trouble was averted: however, when the • school board asked the Greater Miami Coalition to step in, establish the facts and make recommendations. A panel of inquiry named by the Coalition did so-:-quickly and decisively. Its report resulted in important reforms not only at Palmetto, but at other schools in the district, prompting one newspaper editor to comment that "a major breakthrough in better race relations" had been made in Miami education. A case study of the episode and its aftermath will be published by the Urban Coalition this year. The study wi ll describe the dispute, its resolution , and the key role played by the Greater Miami Coalition. Copies will be avai_lable from the national office of the Urban Coalition. Miami Coalition Pane/ of Inquiry members Gurth Reeves, publisher of 1he Miami Times; Henry King Stariford, presidem of 1he University of M iam i; and John Hallibur1on, pres idem of 1he Gremer Miami Urban Coalition and a vice presidem of Eastern A irlin_es. JO Frederick J. Close, chairman of the board of the Aluminum Company of "America, to the annual meeting of the American Mining Congress: "All [urban coalitions] offer the businessman a unique opportunity to involve himself in a grass-roots, down-to-earth operation that enables him to apply his problem-solving abilities to problems that demand solution as much as they often seem to defy it. They help him to really understand what the problems are and what it will take to get at them. In sport, they give the businessman a chance to show .that our system can work for everybody. It's a chance that many mo(e businessmen ought to take. I think they are.taking a far bigger chance if they don't." Ambassador George C. McGhee, special repre-· sentative of the chairman, the Urban Coalition, to the St. Lou is Round Table: · "A turn-arouncf must be made and a start towards a reordering of the priorities which will bring up to adequate levels the basic requirements for our national life . In this process other public expenditures, which have hithe rto enjoyed high priorities, must be reduced." Charles W. Bowser, executive director of the Philadelphia Urban Coalition, to a conference of the National Municipal League: "The direct involvement of the corporate citizen in the initiation and formation of the national Urban Coalition was clear evidence that the corporate commitment to help was emanating from self-interest, rather than the traditional charitable concern. This recognition of self-interest in the solution of the nation's urban problems is, in my opinion , the ·most dramatic result of the urban crisis of the sixties." Martin Stone, chairman of the board of Monogram Industries Inc. and chairman of the Greater Los Angeles Urban Coalition, at com- �mencement exercises of Immaculate Heart Established Local College: Urban Coalitions "Each day that we postpone reconciliation of our actions with objectives motivated by a California . desire to restore quality of life to our nation, Fresno we come a step closer to inevitably extremist Los Angeles solutions. Almost invariably we hide our heads Pasadena in the sand until our problems become crises Riverside which cannot be solved without painfully ex- · Sacramento treme remedies." San Diego San Jose Charles B. Wade Jr. , vice president of R .J . Stanford Mid-Peninsula Reynolds Tobacco and chairman of the educaColoradotion committee of the Winston-Salem Urban Denver · Coalition, at the First Anniversary Meeting of the Norfolk Urban Coalition: Connecticut "Leadership is an attitude, an ability to size Bridgeport up a situation, and then make a decisive move Hartford rather than sitting back and doing something Stamford after the fact. It's easy to find leaders after Delaware som~thing happens, they rise to the occasion, Wilmington but it's something else to marshal people with foresight, with the ability to see an oncoming District of Columbia crisis and make a concrete move for the good Florida of the community to avoid a potential problem." Miami Arthur Naftalin, professor of public affairs, University of Minnesota, former mayor of Minneapolis, and Coalition Steering Committee member, to the conference of the National Association of Housing and Redevelopment Officials: "A few months ago the housing authority submitted a request to the city council to increase from 250 to 500 the number of homes it might acquire under the low-rent housing program for scattered site housing and that acquisition be permitted .citywide. The council approved the increase but refused to a llow cirywide acquisition, restricting the program to officially-declared renewal areas. This action struck me as a rather opeFl act of discrimination and I vetoed the entire measure, risking the loss of the additional units. At this point our Urban Coalition of Minneapolis, in which many top business leaders actively participate, called upon the council to sustain my veto a nd to accede to the authority's original request. The council accepted the coalition's ur.ging and we accomplished a social gain that simply would not have been possible without the interest of key businessmen. We may be the only city in the nation in which publi_c housing is possible on an unrestricted citywide basis ..." Illinois Springfield Indiana Missouri Kansas City New-Jersey Montclair Newark Plainfield New York New York Niagara Falls Westchester County North Carolina Winston-Salem Ohio Cleveland Lima Oregon Portland Pennsylvania Erie Harrisburg Philadelphia Reading Rhode Island Gary South Bend Tennessee Louisiana Texas New Orleans Corpus Christi El Paso San Antonio Maryland Baltimore Massachusetts New Bedford Pittsfield Michigan Detroit Saginaw Chattanooga Virginia Norfolk Washington Tacoma Wisconsin Racine Minnesota Minneapolis St. Paul ll �} ( The Urban Coalitio n ort~ Nonprofit O rg. U .S. Postage PAID Washington, D .C. Permit No. 43234 2100 M Street .W. Washington D.C. 20037 Third Class MR. DAN SWEAT OFFICE OF THE MAYOR - CITY HALL 30303 ATLANTA. GA �
  • Tags: Box 7, Box 7 Folder 12, Folder topic: Urban Coalition | Coordinators Weekly Report | 1969
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 7, Folder 12, Document 2

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  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 7, Folder 12, Document 2
  • Text: ~ THE URBAN COALITION ACTION COUNCIL 2700 M Street, N .W. • Wa shington , D . C. 20037 (2 02) 293 -7625 JO H N W. GARDN ER Chai rm an ANDREW HEIS KELL A. PHILIP RAN DOLPH Co-chairm en LOWE LL R. BECK Execu t iv e D ir ecto r December 24 , 1969 The Honorable Ivan Allen, Jr. Mayor of th e City of Atlanta Ci ty Hall Atlanta, Georgia 30303 Dear Ivan: Several days ago the Senate voted 53 to 35 to allow foundation funds to be used for voter registration programs, thus overriding the Finance Committee's move to prohibit the use of tax-exempt funds for this purpose. We had asked your help on this important issue, and many of you responded. Two weeks ago the federal anti-poverty program was threatened by a move in the House of Representatives to channel all federal anti-poverty funds and programs through state governors. Thia amendment would have had a serious impact on many urban programs . A delegation from our Policy Council called on Secretaries Finch and Shultz, OEO Director Ru...~sfeld, and several members of Congress to urge continuation of the present anti-poverty program. In addition , telegrams signed by each Policy Council member attending last week's meeting were sent to President Nixon and each member of Congress. Local coalitions were urged to support the campaign to save OEO. Many local coalition officials contacted their Congressmen immediately. These efforts capped the very effective work that many policy Council members and their rep resentatives, together with other organizations, had been doing for several weeks. We are very pleased to report that on December 12 the House rejected the amendment which we opposed and voted to extend present OEO prog~ams. The last two weeks have shown us what can be done when m ny work together to accomplish a common result. We are grateful to those who took part in this effort. Sincerely, John w. Gardner Chai rman �
  • Tags: Box 7, Box 7 Folder 12, Folder topic: Urban Coalition | Coordinators Weekly Report | 1969
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 7, Folder 12, Document 4

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  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 7, Folder 12, Document 4
  • Text: ·-------------- By Eve Edstrom Was h ingt on Pos t S ta rr Wr it er Of all the strate gy m e etings that took pla ce durin g the week that the Offi ce of Economic Opportunit.v wo n the b at tl e for: its li fe in t he Ho u se , on e unpublicized sessio n is fa s t becoming the ta l k of th e town. Jt. was set u p by th e Leacl0rs h ip Confcrnec e on Civil Hi ght s and took pla ce on Capito l Hill. As 11th-hour a ss ig nm e n ts lo gai n Cong ress ional s upport for OEO w e re a bo u t lo b e m a d e, an ex tra ordin a r _v pre ca uti o na r y move was ta ken. Th e r c prese nt at h ·e from OEO was as k e d to le ;we ll0 e room . " \Ve couldn't take anv cha n ces ," one civi l r igllt's legi s la th·c techni cia n sa id. " We ju st couldn ' t be s ure OEO was wa lking do wn t he same sid e of th e s t re e t with u s." D es pi t e state m e nts by OEO Director Donald Rum sfe lcl th a t th e N ixon a d minisstration stood be hind its bill to k ee p OEO intae t. th e re we r e num erou s r 0a: sons w hy O E O 's chi ef suppor te r s di stru ste d th e a d mini s tra tion. Al a n ews co nference Der. 8, Pres ide nt ;\; ixo n had expre ssed hope that a n "accommod a ti on cou ld be r each e d on the OEO le g is la tion. To man y OEO suppor t0rs , th is m eant that sonw version of a subs titute bill g ivin g control of mos t OEO p rogram s to th e stale s wo uld b e ac cep ta bl e to th e administrat io n . Efforts by the ?\ation 's m a.v ar s and Urban Coali ti o n Act ion Counc il me m be rs lo g l'l i\ Jr. :\"i xo n to m ake a stron g s tate me n t a i; ain st th e sub stit ute b ill fa ile d . ,\nd labo r and ci1·i! ri g hts leg is lat ive t ec hn ic: ia ns we r e fru s tr a ted by OEO's failn e lo eve n com e up w ith a h ea d count of Re publi can s who co u ld be r e lie d on to vote a (:!ai n s t th e s u bs titut e . ' ' ·T he onl y thin g t h a t m a k es se n se is to sha r e i nformation, " th e AFL-C I O 's K e nneth Youn g s aid. "But we g ot n ext to nothin g fro m OEO . "Thi s is ju st the oppos ite of wlu1t h a pp e ne d in th e las t few d ays wh e n we work e d t' lose ly with t h e D epa r t m ent of H ealth , Edu cation and Welfare a gai ns t th e Whit ten amendm e nt to c urta il F e d e r a l sc:h ool d eseg r eg at ion p owers." T he U r ba n Coaliti on A ction Coun cil's Lo we ll n. J3 e ck fo un d it lli g lll y unus u a l th a t 1h r r e wa s no overa ll adminis trati,)n st r a tegy l o g uide t h ose who were fi g h tin g for OEO . 'Not th e '.\Ia in Cog' "I\· e b ee n a round h ere fo r 10 y enrs <1 nd y ou us u al],, work to su pp le me nt and sup p ort a dm inis trat ion effo rt s ." h e sa id . "Yo u' re n ot the m a in cog in d c\·e lo p i11 g strategy to pass a cl mi n ist rati o n k g is lati un." But l hvsc work i11 g fo r OEO 's s un· in:il fo u nd th ey n ot on ly \\' Cr e t h e ·'m :i in co g" in m appinl! out st r ate gy but l h;i( so m e of th e ir e fforts wcrP. be in g sc u ttled b,1 O E: O r e prese nt a tiv es . Wh ile th e c·oa lition o f O EO s u pporters was wo r k in g to kill t he sta le-c ontrol s u bs ti t u le , OEO \1·as cons ultin g wi th Ho use m e mbe rs on rt m e nclm e n ts l o m a ke t he s u bst it u te mor e pa latab le . "\Ve were vio le ntl y o pposed lo pe r fecti n g th e substitu te a nd h isto r y pro \·r d - - -- - -- - - - - · -·--------------------------~- . us ri g ht ," ciYil ri g hts lea d e r .Jo se ph L. Hau b Jr. s a id. '·Th e admini ~l ration was r ea rl y to s0 lll e for mu ch less ." T h e r efore. th e OEO r e p1'esen la li1·es w;i s as k e d to le ave t h e L ea ders hip Conference m e e t in ;:: on D e c. 10, becau se sup p orte r s of OEO fel t it. un w is e to sha re th eir strat egy with th e ;igen cy . 'In The Dark' '·Th ey le t u s work in th e d a rk, " on e ci1· ic lead e r s a id . ·' Iget sic li r \·r 1·,· tim e I r e ar! ho w the ad m inis tr at io n pull e d off a great lcg is lali n : cou p. " .'\ lo t of bl oo rl , swe a t and !ca r s Wl' n l into th is ballle . bu t it would h a ve b een as cas.v a s pi e if 11·c had rrce i\'P d \rhi! c Hou se sup po r t." Xo on e di sconn! s th e f ac-t tha t R um sfelrl w as h ig hly s ucc essf ul in preventin g so m e of h is form e r <'oi leag u es in ·,he Ho use from h a n ding m ost of the po ve rty prog ra ms o \·er l o th e states \,·h e n th e n uci a l vot e ca m e on D re . 12. B ut 11u m0 r ous ot h r ,· fa(' lors w ere i m·o lved . Xot to b t• under e ti nrn lccl is th e fact th at 38 m e m bers wh o h ad vot e d l o sc ra p a stro n g \· o ting ri g hts law t he p re \·iou.s ni ght s wi tc lw rl t o oppose s tate c ontrol o f the pove rt y prog r a m s . "Th e , 1 just did n ' t wa nt t o f ire t1rn bul lets in a ro"· a l · th e p oor," one ohse n ·ed sai d. "It's e ntirely poss ib le t h a t we could h a \·e won th e vo tin g ri ght s f ig h t a nd ;os t ~h e · po vert.1· on e i ( th e legi3 1ation h a d b ee n ta k e n u p in rev e r se ." Of equal importan ce wa s th e i11t e n si1·e lo b by ing e ffort that the :\'a lion's m ay ors co ndu cte d agains t takin g poverty progr a ms awa y from l ocal officia l . Their effort was s imila r to th at mount ed by th e .-\meri can Ba r Associa tion wh e n it was r e s p on sibl e for knockin g out a Se n a te-p a ssed amendm e nt to give _governnors con t rol of lega l programs for th e p oor . A nd i n all th e hubbub ove r the po \·c r ty bill, sca n t attention was pa id to th e rol e that th e governors d id not play . With f ew exce p ti o ns. th e gove rn ors di d not emb ra re th e ictea of b ein g saddl e d wit h OEO . As on e r cpo r lcclly s aid : " H e ll , wh o w ants to h ave th e Statehouse blamed fo r O E O's p roblrms. It's mu c h eas ier lo b last Washingto n. " I f I, I I ! .. �
  • Tags: Box 7, Box 7 Folder 12, Folder topic: Urban Coalition | Coordinators Weekly Report | 1969
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 7, Folder 12, Document 7

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  • Result Type: Item
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  • Title: Box 7, Folder 12, Document 7
  • Text: FOR RELEASE UPON DELIVERY THURSDAY A.M. NOVEMBER 13, 1969 Statement of JOHN W. GARDNER, Chairman The Urban Coalition Action Council As Presented By GEORGE C. McGHEE Sp~cial Representative of the Chairman before the Ways and Means Committee United States House of Representatives November 13, 1969 Mr. Chairman, your committee is faced with an extraordinary opportunity . The time has come to discard the existing patch- wo rk o f ine ffective and in many ways destructive public assistance programs. You have the opportunity to replace them with a national s y stem of i ncome maintenance that will help people to help themselves but preserv e individual dignity in aiding those left behind by society. The Nee d Th e ne e d i s manifest. This Committee knows all the facts and statistics of pover t y. You know the cos t of wel f are , but y ou know also the great c o st to society of human negl e ct. The c h i ld who se hea lth n e eds are denied early me dical a t tent i on b e c ause o f pove rty may s u f f e r a lifelong handicap and become a life l o ng burden to the community. The child wh ose attitudes a nd moti v ation are sha ped by the p athology of extreme poverty may become a ·delinquent or d e r e li ct or addict l �- 2 - and end up as a burden on society. - to be compared with the human cost. The cost to society is not But those who calculate social costs (and someone must) know that for society the day of reckoning alway s comes. It requires a lot of money to maintain jails, to rehabilitate addicts, to support the victims of early neglect. We can serve human values and social providence at the same time by making such casualties less likely. Many Americans sincere ly believe that people living in poverty are people who don't want to wo rk -- or people who don't want steady work. In other words, able-bodied loafers. way from the truth. That is a long Of the 25 million persons living below the poverty line, 15 million are either under 18 or over 65. Of the remaining 10 million, 9 million fall within the scope of the Admin is tration's family assistance proposals (as being adults in poor famil i e s that include children). that 9 million. Let us look at The Adminis tr ation estimates that 7.9 million are already worki ng, but earn too little to bring them above the poverty level, o r are the wives o f such men , or are disabled, or are women who must stay home becau se of very y oung children. That leaves 1.1 million adults who the Adminis trat i on feels can significantly help themselves and would thus be required to register fo r jobs or work training 600,000 men and 500,000 mothers of school-aged children. I emphasize those facts because they suggest the limits of what we may e xpect from the work requirement . Those who cherish �1 - 3 - the false notion that the welfare rolls are made up chiefly of able-bodied loafers could easily imagine that the present p rop osals will b r ing a sharp reduction in the rolls . If they believe th a t , t h e y will end up disappointed and angry, because it won't happen . Most people who now receive welfare or would receive it under the new p r oposals are not candidates for the j ob marke t. As the a bov e f igures indi c a t e , ei ther they are already . working or they are too old, too young, disabled, or mothers of young children. I n e e d not d e al at length with the we ll-know shor tcomi n gs o f the present welfare system (or non-system). In 7 0 % o f the f amilies r eceiving benefi t s the fath e rs are a b s e nt from the home. To t he degree t h at the welfare sys t e m has helped t o c r eate such a situ ati o n it endangers t h e fabric o f o u r family based soci ety . And clear l y a sy s tem in wh ich a n American in one state can re ce i ve o n l y one eighth of that which his fellow citizen with the s ame need receives in another state falls far short o f any reasonable standard of equity. The level of wel f are benefits paid in most states clearly will not help any chi l d to escape from poverty. We know , from official statistics , that in only two o f the states do AFDC families receive aid at the $3,500 a year (for a family of four) poverty level, and in less th an half (21) do they approach 75% o f the poverty threshold. The average for all states and the District of Columbia is almost $1,20 0 below the poverty line. �1 - 4 - Before we consider how the present system might be improved, I'd like to comment on what may or may not be expected from a welfare program. The poverty that makes a public assistance program necessary is rooted i n a variety of historical and contemporary conditions: discrimination, the pathology of the urban and rural slum, inadequate education, insufficient job opportunities in the locality, low pay in jobs not covered by the minimum wage, inadequate social insurance benefits, inadequate provisions for manpower training and so on. No welfare program can cure those underlying conditions. It can only deal humanely with the consequences. If we are to get to the root of the problem we shall have to do so t h r o u gh e d ucation, health and nutrition programs, the creation of j ob o pp o r tunities , the elimination of slum conditions and similar me asures . We must n ot , for e x ample , imagine that the aid to the work ing p oo r cont ai ned i n the present proposals is in any sense a substitute for increases i n and e x tension of the minimum wage . All parts of the political spec t rum would agr ee , I suppose , that i n t h e long r un an adequate minimum wage is h ealth ie r t han a Fede ra l wage subs idy. Legislative Proposals Now Mr . Chairman , I sh a ll s p eak to the l e g is l at ive pro p o sa l s b e f o r e y ou . �- 5 - The Urban Coalition Action Counc i l believes that the Presiden t has put forward an e x tremely important and on the whole well-desi gned se t o f p ropos a ls . The Counc i l also belie ves t h at the prop osals could b e strengthened at several crucial points. Let me be g i n by statin g very briefly what it is about t h e prop osal s th a t s t rike us a s valua ble. F i rst , we wou ld offer a general wo r d o f p r aise f or the empha sis on c hildre n tha t is at the heart of t he prop osals under discu ssion . It ' s a bout time . Second , we would e mphas i ze that if t h e propo sal s are acc ept ed, t he Federal Gove r nment wi ll for the fir st time in history ac cept r e spons i bi l ity for pro v i ding a minimum l evel o f payment t hroughout t he nation a nd f or fin a n c ing it. I wo u l d have bee n v e r y proud had I been a ble to es t a bli s h that princ iple d u r i ng my tenu r e a s Secretar y of He a lth, Edu cation and We l fare. It is a h istori c step . Al l the det ail s o f the p resent proposal s fad e in s ignificance compared with that ma jor a dva nce in Federal p olicy . Th i r d, the Coali t i o n Action Council rega r ds the u ni f o rm n ational standards of e l igib i lity and the great l y broadene d cove r age as enormously he l pful. Of spe c i a l s i g n ificance i s the inclu sion of the wo rking poor f or the fir st time . The complete ornrnission o f t he working poor is surely o ne of t h e s trangest a noma l ies of t he present system. A society which va lues work shou ld surely make some provision for the six million adults who work full-time, year round, and yet cannot earn enough to bring themselves above the pove r ty line. �- 6 - Fourth, we welcome improvement and broadening in the incentive to work. In 1967 your Committee pioneered in the move to correct the disincentive to work inherent in the welfare system, and I am sure that further steps to this end must strike you as wellconsidered. Fifth, we applaud the proposed assistance to families with unemployed fathers living at home. Every critic of the existing system has commented on the fact that in states without provision for AFDC-UP, fathers have to leave home to make their families eligible for welfare. Mr. Chairman, those strengths of the President's proposals are great indeed. They could lead us on to an immeasurably sounder and more equitable system of income maintenance. But if the promise of the proposals is to be realized, they must be strengthened at a number of p oints. Can a national commitment to help impoverished families be met by a program which guarantees uniformity throughout the country only with respect to the first $1,600 of benefits for a family of four, even with the commendable inclusion of food stamps? No doubt the level was based primarily on what the Administration believes it can afford under present budget constraints. I would like to assume that the President's ultimate goal is to increase that figure until it reaches the poverty level. But he has made no provision for such an increase and, even with the proposed state participation , there is no incentive whatever for states to raise their benefit �- levels . 7 - Indeed, they are not required to raise them beyond the July 1969 level. If state supplementation is to be required, the legislation should provide an incentive for states to increase the supplementary benefits (e.g. by Federal matching above the $1 , 600 floor). As the best long-term approach, however, I urge the Congress to make prov ision for a nation-wide increase in benefits to the poverty level over a specified period of time . The $1,600 floor proposed by the President can serve as a sound starting point for such a phased program . Adequate provision should be made for "one-stop" administration of the proposed Federal-state system. The uniform national eligi- bility standar ds s h ould help to eliminate the possibility of dispar i t ies i n admi ni str ation among the states , which is so c l early a prob l e m in the p re sent programs. However, under the Preside n t's p r oposal , i f a state chose to cut its supplementary payments o r to di s regard Fe dera l s tan da r ds for such p a yments, the Federal requ i re ments wou l d be very ha r d t o enforce . It may be necessary to fi nd a more enforceab l e Fede r al sancti on , such as admini str ativ e intervention. The improved benefits for t he aged, d isable d and blind are a welcome step. It may b e , h oweve r, t hat o ur ultimate g o al should be a single income maintenance system which provides for uniform adequate assistance for alT of our impoverished citizens, including needy individuals and couples without children. �- 8 - It should probably be recognized that we are moving toward Federal assumption of the full cost of welfare programs. At a time when the nation as a whole is experiencing unprecedented prosperity, state and local governments are facing fiscal crisis. Largely dependent upon an inelastic tax base, they face inflation-linked increases in service expenditures compounded by spiraling welfare costs. Given the elasticity of its tax base, and the economies of scale and efficiency offered by Federal administration, a shift of the welfare burden to the Federal Government is clearly one means of resolving the fiscal dilemmas of state and local government. The fiscal relief offered by this shift would enable state and local governments to direct greater resources to those functions they are best fitted to finance and administer. Another point at which the President's proposals must be strengthened is the part having to do with the work requirement. The legislation should specify job standards and wage rates for "suitable employment". If this ·is not done, the legislated work requireme nt could end up providing a steady supply of forced labor to employers who provide substandard wages and wo rking conditions. The possibility of abuse by local employment services should be minimized by extremely careful definition of what constitutes a "refusal to work", and perhaps also by some system of Federal inspection . The exemption from the work requirement granted to mothers with children under 6 and to mothers if the fathers are living in the home �- 9 - should be extended to mothers with children over 6. It may be quite feasible for such a mother to work, and many do. But the feasibility depends on factors that she can best judge: her own health, the health (physical and mental) of her children, the presence in the home of adequate mother-substitutes (grandmothers, aunts) and so on. No bureaucracy should want to second-guess a mother in such matters. In this connection, provisions for day care should be more explicit. Federal standards should be set. No work referral should be made unless adequate day care is provided. Responsibility for and funds for construction of day care facilities should be specified in the legislation. Finally, I would emphasize that there must be provisions for job creation, so that the training opportunities won't be a revolving door into continued unemployment. The ideal solution is a public service employment program. Mr. Chai r man , that concludes my testimony. I am extremely gr a teful for t he opportunity to appear before you. �
  • Tags: Box 7, Box 7 Folder 12, Folder topic: Urban Coalition | Coordinators Weekly Report | 1969
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 7, Folder 12, Document 8

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  • Title: Box 7, Folder 12, Document 8
  • Text: Statement by MR. STEPHEN KURZMAN Special Counsel to The Urban Coalition Action Council before the Committee on Agriculture United States House of Representatives October 31, 1969 Mr . Chairman and members of this Committee : My name is Stephen Kurzman, and I am appearing on behalf of the Urban Coalition Action Council . We appreciate the oppor- tunity to appear before this Committee on the critical question of domestic food programs and thei r i mpact on continuing hunger and malnutrition in the United States . Our basic thrust he r e today is to urge you to act promptly and favorably on S . 2547 , the Senate-passed Food St amp bill a nd to go fo rward , bey ond that measure , to conside r a b r oad r a ng e o f f u r ther objectiv e s. The documentatio n is o v e rwhelming a t t his poi n t t hat, de sp ite u npr ecede n ted p r o s p er i ty and de s p ite a n umb e r of we l l - i n t enti o n ed food p r ogr a ms, hunger and malnutrition do c o nt i n u e t o e xist in this c o untry. A partial listing of this d o cumentatio n includes the following: Hearings, Senate Subcommittee o n Employment, Manpower and Poverty, April, 1967 Hunger U.S.A., Citizens Board of Inquiry Into Hunger and Malnutrition in the United States, . 1968 �- 2 - "Hunger in America", C.B.S. documentary, Produced by Martin Carr, May, 1968 Hearings, Senate, "Hunger and Malnutrition" before Senate Subcommittee on Employment, Manpower and Poverty, May & June, 1968 Hearings, Senate Select Committee on Nutrition and Human Needs, "Nutrition and Human Needs", 12 volumes of hearings, December 1968-1969 "The Food United Select August Gap : Poverty and Malnutrition in the States," Committee Print, Senate Committee on Nutrition and Human Needs, 1969 Report, Subcommittee on Food and Nutrition, President's Urban Affairs Council, March, 1969 Report of Dr. Arnold Shaefer, Director, National Nutrition Survey, U.S. Public Health Service Poverty, Malnutrition and Federal Funding Assistance Programs, "A Statistical Summary", Committee Print, Senate Select Committee on Nutrition and Human Needs, September, 1969 The findings in all thes e studi es and all these reports have electrified the Nation. Dr. Arnold Shaefer, Director, National Nutrition Survey, U.S. Public Health Service, has testified before this Committe e that p re l i mi n ary data fr om hi s survey indicated, "Malnutrition is a health p r oble m i n t he United States, and our preliminary f indings c learly indic a t e that the r e is malnutri tion in a n exp ectedly l arge portio n of the sampled popula tion . " Shockingly, Dr. Shaefer's survey a ls o uncover ed 7 cases o f mar as mus and kwas hi ako r which we did not believe exis ted in th is r i c h country . The Sub committee on Food and Nutrition of the President's Urban Affairs Council estimated that half of all infants from poor families in the United States are likely to suffer from under- �- 3 - nutrition and that there is no significant proportion of the poor who do not suffer from under-nutrition. Moreover, it estimates that half of the poor in the Southern states and a fifth of the poor in non-Southern states suffer from malnutrition and that "scattered evidence indicates five to ten million (persons) are suffering from severe hunger and malnutrition." Despite the crying need, documented in all of the forums cited above and beginning o v er t wo years ago, our current food programs are still not reaching three fourths of the poor, many of whom suffer extreme pove rty. At present, the direct distribu- tion program is oper ating in 1187 counties and serving approximate ly 3.1 million individual recipients. Under this program, 22 commo- dities are made available to the sta tes with a retail value of $15 per person per month. Thes e commodities have less than adequate amounts for energy and Vitamin A according to the National Research Council's Recommended Dietary Allowances. Moreover, the average numb er of commodities di s tributed in the state s is 18, which means _that e v en t ho se poor persons participating in this federal food program are being denied an adequate diet. The f ood s tamp pro gram provides a bonus for f ood purchases which vari es with the income and family size of the recipient with an average bonus of $ 6. 7 3 per person per month in food purchasing power. 3.2 million persons participate in this program. This program provides only 60 % o f the minimum needs of those in extreme poverty who participate . Both . programs fall far below the Depart- ment o~ Agriculture's own economy food plan which call s for $25 per �- 4 - person per month or $1200 per year for a family of four -- an amount USDA admits can be utilized by only the most ingenious of the poor to gain a balanced diet. Moreover, there remain approximately 470 counties and independent cities with no food programs at all, andwhich include about 8 % of the poor. In areas where food programs operate, less than one third of the poor are being reached -- around 6 million of 20 million persons living in families with le ss tha n $3000 a nnual income . The Census Bureau estimates that 907,000 families have an income of less than $1000, $200 less than the $1200 rock - bottom USDA r e qui r e me nt fo r foo d a lone p e r y e ar . families have incomes under $2000. Anothe r 1.7 mil lion It is safe to assume that many membe rs of these famili e s are go i ng hungr y . A famil y o f four wi t h income s o f $2000 would h ave to s pend 60 % o f th at income on f ood in o r d er to mee t USDA's economy plan standard s . Cl ear l y with the costs o f clothing , shelter, med ic i ne, utilities a nd other fixe d n ecessary e x p e nses, these p e o p l e canno t eat adequate l y . After all, the a v erage Ame ric a n spe nd s only 17 . 4 % of his income for food. Nor are poo r c h ildren b e ing reached b y the school lunch pro gram . The r e are 32.5 million school c h i l d ren who do not have acce s s t o school lunches. Th e House Committ ee o n Edu cation a nd Labor says 3 and a quarter mil l i o n of these childr en need f r ee lunches a nd ano th e r 1 9 and a hal f millio n nee d reduced p rice lunches. In sum, current family food programs offer little assistance and fail to reach the great majority of the poor. 14 million of �- 5 the poor consume food not meeting recommended dietary allowances and 8 million more are on diets with less than two-thirds of the recommended allowances for one or more essential nutrients. Nor are our welfare programs reaching them. Only 10.2 million of the country's 25.4 million persons living below the poverty line receive any form of welfare assistance. The Family Assistance Program proposed by President Nixon will, we hope, he~p to remedy this situation, but at the $1,600 per year level which has been prop.o sed for a family of four, it is clear that improved and expanded food programs will remain an urgent need for many of th e se famili e s. A graphic way of illustrating what all these studies and hearings show was presented by a witness before the Senate Agriculture Committe e last May. Mr . Robert Choa t e , who is an exper t in th is fie ld and currently a cons ulta nt to th e White House Conference on Food and Nutrition, introduced the following b ar g raph : [ ! 90 - 95 % of the popula tion Popu l a t ion adequately served by private food industry operating at a profit. I I Ii s..____. 11 t:: 0 ·r-i .µ l ti) ti) Q) > ·r-i The profit l imit f or the priva t e enterprise system I "') I I .µ n:1 H Q) 0.. 0 0 C.J 'd 0 0 l'J i:: 'd H Q) tJl n:1 ti) ?: .µ 0 ti) l ~ n:1 .>i l'J +J +J .µ U) ·r-i ·r-i Q) E: E: Cl r:: n:1 i:: 0 ·r-i 0 .µ H n:1 i:: ..i:: H C.J U) 'd 0 0 ~ ..0 .µ ·r-i H CJ .µ Q) U) H ·r-i ·r-i Cl Cl �- 6 - He pointed out that the private food industry adequately serves 90 to 95 percent of the Nation ' s population. The remaining 5 to 10 percent still must eat, but lack the cash to do so adequately. The alternatives developed to provide for this 5 to 10 percent only reach a portion of the need: cooperatives , soup kitchens and charity feeding houses, home grown foods, occasional sales of damaged goods at a loss. the remaining gap. Governmental programs have to fill The largest are the Food Stamp and direct distribution commodities programs . But as the graph illustrates, a substantial gap remains . What that food gap means in human terms e x tends far beyond the juri sdiction al lines of this or any other single Committee of the Co n g r e s s . Hunger and malnutr iti o n are in many instances t he u nder l y i ng caus e s o f ill ness and publ i c health problems , of inab il ity to learn and e duc a tio na l prob l ems , of unemploy ment , u nderemploy men t and a loss of p r oductivity. With its act i on on i mpr oving and expa nding Fe deral progr a ms that fill the food gap , th i s Commi ttee can have a pr o f o und e ff e ct on the whole range of r el ated pro blems which wou ld o therw i s e be l e ft t o pi eceme al consideration by other Committees. Conversely, inactio n by this Committee would create pressure upo n the other Committe es to consider the impact of food deficiences on the pro blems with which they must deal. �1 - 7 - We urge this Committee to devise a strategy for closing the food and nutrition gap. We recommend a series of objec- tives which we believe should be sought by that strategy. A substantial step toward these objectives would be taken by enactment, with some adjustments, of S.2547, the Food Stamp bill passed on September 24, 1969 by a substantial bipartisan majority of Senators. The Senate-passed bill was introduced by a bipartisan group including nine of the thirteen members of the Select Committee on Nutrition and Human Needs, which had held hearings throujhout the country over a ten-month period. Its sponsors were Senators McGovern, Javits, Percy, Cook, Hollings, Pell, Yarborough, Mondale, Kennedy, Hart, Spong and Goode ll. �- 8 - The following are the long-range objectives we believe the Committee should address itself to: 1. Nutrition Education and Information: There is a great need to improve knowledge among the poor, as well as among many families who are not poor, or healthful nutritional practices , of how to obtain nutritious foods and maintain a wholesome and balanced diet. S.2547 makes a start in this direction in Section 1(10), which would afford participants: "such instruction and counseling as will best a ssure that they are able to use their increased purchasing power to obtain those nutritious foods most likely to insure that they receive a nutritionally adequate diet." This is an effort which should not, in our view, be limited only to food stamp recipients or only to agencies concerned with food stamps. For example, HEW and OEO programs and the age ncies a nd institutions they fund should also be enlisted in these e ffo rts, a long with the Cooperative Extension Service. 2. Nutrition Research: More precise knowledge is need ed about the e x t e nt, incidence and location o f malnutr ition o n a c onti nuing basis. For e xample, HEW's Nation al Nutr i ti on Survey should be expanded so that its sample is adequate , its data are f u l ly analyz e d, and food program e ffecti v e n ess is mo nitored and evaluated. Special consideration should be given to t he particu l ar nut r itional needs of the rura l poor , migrants, Eskimos, Indi a ns a nd the e lderly . 3. S. 2547 doe s not deal with thi s s ub ject. Outreach: A f ull range of suppo rtive services is needed at the local l evel t o re a ch mo~e of the Nation's urban, rural and migrant poor with e x isting food assista n ce programs. In h i s May 6 I ~ �- 9 - message to the Congress, President Nixon pointed to OEO's "unique outreach among the poor themselves." S.2547 would expand avail- ability of food stamps by permitting certain private non-profit institutions, including mobile food services, which provide meals to older persons to accept food stamps (Section 1(1) and 1(16)). It would spread awareness of the programs by authorizing the giving of instruction and counseling mentioned above at schools, retail f9od stores, in homes, through voluntary cooperation, in Federal, State, local or private agencies which carry out informational and educational programs for consumers, and particularly through th e national school lunch program and its e x tension Section 1(10)). The cumbersome pre-certification procedure would be amended so that an affidavit is s ufficient, subject to subsequent disquali f icati on f or fraud (Section 1(12) and 1(17)); this parallels the t e chnique l o ng a utho riz ed f o r t h e Fede ral income tax system. Issuance of st amps a nd collection of payments for them would be f a cilita ted by a uthorizin g use o f Pos t Offi ceR , banks , c red it unions, the mai l s a n d other agencies. (Secti ons 1(11) a nd 1(14 ) (3 )). Un de r limi ted c ircumstance s , whe re the Secr etar y of Agriculture determines there i s a ne e d a nd no foo d sta mp p r ogra m e x ists , USDA would b e -· a utho r ized t o admin i ster a foo d stamp program throug h a private nonpro f it organiz ati o n o r a Fede ral, St a t e o r cou nty age ncy app r ove d b y t h e Secr~t ary . In l ine wi t h Pres i dent Ni xon ' s refe ren c e to OEO's outreach cap abili t ies, we would hope th at OEO would b e g i v en a substantial role in prov iding the serv ices necessary to fuller p arti~ip ati o n of t he p o or i n a l l f ood a ss i s t ance p rogra ms - - not solely the Food Stamp Program . �- 10 4. Private Enterprise: A principal advantage of the Food Stamp Program is that it utili z es the private food distribution system rather than creating another distribution system as required by other types of food assistance prog rams, particularly commodity distribution. S.2547 wou l d permit more of the poor to be reached by the private system by improving the current payment and value schedules , which require payment in advance on a rigid monthly basis of u p t o 47 percent of income to participa te in the program. Free foo d stamps would be issued to families earning less than one-half the amount determined by the Secretary of Agriculture to be n e cess ary t o pur cha se a nutritionally adequate diet, at t his time apfroximate l y $ 6 0 p e r mon t h f o r a family o f 4, o r $72 0 a year. In no eve n t would more than 25 p ercent of a h ousehold's i n come b e char ged f o r stamps ; agai n , t his is still higher than the 1 7 .4 percent o f income pai d fo r f o od by t h e ave rage fam i l y . State el igibi l i t y req u irements , wh ich now r a nge f rom $1 , 9 2 0 to $ 4, 1 40 for a fami l y o f 4 and b e ar n o re l a t i on to geo graphic dif fe ren tial s i n food p ri c es, woul d b e re placed by a mo re e q u i t a ble nationa l minimum standar d of $4,00 0 a djuste d to take regi onal var i a tions into account. As i mportan t as the s e ch a nge s would be, a number of othe r programs should a l s o be initiat ed t o enlist the pri v ate sector more fully in the distr ibuti on a nd e ducation p rocessP. s . Current governmental efforts with foo d companies to provide foreign developing nations with enriched and fortified foods should be extended t t his coun try as wel l. Production, processing and �- 11 - distribution by small food businesses in low-income areas should be encouraged by the Small Business Administration, the Department of Commerce, and OEO, especially with the aid of local development corporations. As the President's May 6 Message recommended, "an advisory committee of major food processing and food distribution companies" should be established. 5. Maternal and Child Nutrition: As the President stated and as Dr. Shaefer emphasized in his testimony before this Committee, malnutrition during pregnancy and in the infant and young child can cause physical and mental retardation . The President called for special package and pilot voucher programs by HEW and these should be authorized by legislation. Participation in free or reduced-price school lunch programs should be increased by establishing national eligibility and funding standards for local school districts so that all needy children, less than half of whom now benefit from these funds , can p a r ti ci pate . Simi lar emphasis on poor children should -be mand ated upon the special milk program . Private f ood companies shoul d br ing t he i r e xpe r t i se in processing and distr ibution t o low-i ncome ar ea schools whi ch lack adequate facilities for preparation o f me a l s. Again , S.2547 d oes n ot c over these subjects . 6. Dire ct Commodity Dis t r ibu tion: New d irec ti o n should be give n to co~o dity distribu tion so t h at it supp l e me nt s food st a mp and scho ol feed ing prog r ams . Together these prog rams should ensure that low-income families have available to them a range of foods nece~sary for a nutritious and well - balanced diet. National standards of eligibility, cash payments to States, grants to public �- 12 and private agencies and use of Section 32 funds for purchase of nutritional foods not otherwise available under Federal food programs, should be authorized. USDA should assist State and local agencies in outreach efforts to insure maximum participation of low-income families, and distribution should be facilitated, in conjunction with OEO, HEW, and HUD, through neighborhood centers. S.2547 makes one important advance by permitting a combination of food stamp and commodity programs under certain narrowly defined circumstances (Section 1(7)). The objectives we have outlined are not ours alone, by any means. Most were identified and recommended to the President by the Food and Nutrition Committee of the Urban Affairs Council . Many were embodied in the President's May 6 Message. Many are embodied in bills already introduced in both Houses of Congress, such as S.2789, introduced by Senator Javits and a bipartisan group of co-sponsors; S.186 4, by Senator Talmadge; H.R. 13423, the Foley-Green bill; and H.R. 12222, the Administration bill introduced by Congresswoman May. We recognize that these objectives will incur additional cost to the U.S. Treasury; for food stamps alone, $1.25 billion in the current fiscal year instead of $750 million under the current projections , and a similar $50 0 ,000,000 difference in fiscal years 1971 and 1972 . But as Senator Hollings stated on the Senate floor when S.2547 was passed, "This is no time to holler 'ch aos ' and ' the end of the world is coming' over the e x penditure of $500 million in the ne x t fiscal year," particularly when compared with e xpenditures �- 13 for other purposes. It has been estimated that the objectives other than those relating to food stamps would cost approximately $415 million in the first year. Again, matched against other expenditures, including some $3 billion in agricultural subsidies annually, this does not appear to require a major wrenching of national priorities. The comprehensive approach to food assistance we recommend is well worth the additional cost and may well cost less than the loss of productivity and wasted lives caused by hunger and malnutrition. For the record we would like to offer a number of editorials, local news stories and columns from newspapers, both large and small, in many parts of the Nation in re cent months. These indicate a growing national awareness and concern about food shortages and deficiencies and the need f or e x panded and improved food programs. �
  • Tags: Box 7, Box 7 Folder 12, Folder topic: Urban Coalition | Coordinators Weekly Report | 1969
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Box 7, Folder 12, Document 9

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  • Title: Box 7, Folder 12, Document 9
  • Text: The Urban Coalition 1819 H Street, N.W. Washington, D. C. 20006 Telephone : (202) 223-9500 CHAI AMAN: John W. Gardner CO-CHAI AMEN : Andrew Heiskell /A.Philip Randolph August 26, 1969 The Honorable Ivan Allen, Jr. Mayor of the City of Atlanta City Hall Atlanta, Georgia 30303 Dear Ivcfu: At its last meeting the Executive Committee of the Coalition adopted a statement on the welfare reforms proposed by President Nixon. A copy is enclosed for your study. A special subcommittee, chaired by Mr. Whitney M. Young, will be meeting in September to plan further steps to implement the position of the Coalition in supporting an income maintenance program. The Executive Committee reached other key decisions on housing, public service employment, a minority contractors institute proposal, and on several administrative matters. The minutes of the meeting and supporting papers are enclosed, and I'm sure will be of interest to you. A new schedule of Steering Committee meetings for the remainder o f this year and through 1970 has been adopted. The Steering Committee meeting originally scheduled for September 24 has been cancelled. The next Steering Committee meeting will be December 10 in Washington at 3 : 00 p.m. I look f orward to seeing you at our next meeting. Sincerely, i~Libassi Executive Vice President cc : Mr. Dan Sweat �
  • Tags: Box 7, Box 7 Folder 12, Folder topic: Urban Coalition | Coordinators Weekly Report | 1969
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Box 7, Folder 12, Document 11

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  • Title: Box 7, Folder 12, Document 11
  • Text: MINUTES OF. THE MEETING OF THE URBAN COALITION EX£CUTIVE COMMITTEE I. Minority Contractor Institute Proposal. After the history, current status and details of the Minority Contractors Institute proposal were presented and discuss ed, the Exe cutive Committee approved the proposal with the understanding that an advisory committee made up of all e leme nts of the Coalition will be formed and consulted. Attached is the proposal. II. Dates of Future Steering and Exe cutive Committee Meetings. The attached list of dates was app~oved. III. Terms of Office f or Steering and Executive Committee Members . At the present time Steering Committee members do not serve any fixed term. The proposal was for two-ye ar terms to be e stablished for all Steering Committee members and that they be eligible for reelection. · · · The only exc ep tions to the two-year rule would be for those members who hold public office or are of ficers o f private organizations. Their term o f o ffice would b e limite d to the term of their non-coalition position. In order to initiate this system, ·it was pioposed that the Chairman be empowered to assign terms of office to all current Steering Committee members. · The proposal was approved by the Executive Commi ttee. copy is attached. A IV. Nominating Committee Report. Three categories were prese nted Mayors, Businessmen, a nd Mexican-Americans. A. Mayors - Nine names representing a range o f g e ography and party were presented. The entire l ist was approve d with the autho rity to approach individuals as vacanc ies occur until the li s t is exhausted. B. Businessmen - The list was accepted with one addition from the floor. It was also sugge ste d that some a d ditiona l n a me s r e p~e s e nting the financial community b e adde d. This was agreed to a nd addit i ona l n a mes will be circulated. It was also propos e d to enlarge busine ss repre s e ntation on the Exe cutive Committe e by three and on the St eering Committee b y s ~v e n. The li s t o f n a mes a nd the enlarg ement o f the Steer i ng and Exec ut ive Committee was approved. f �Minutes - Urban Coalition Executive Committee Page 2 In addition, the Executive Committee authorized the Chairman to approach individuals on the list as vacancies occur until the list is exhausted. Care will be exercised in assuring that geography and types of industry are fairly represented in the complexion of the committees. C. Mexican-American - Two candidates were submitted and approved by the Executive Committee. D. Announcements - An announcement of the nominees for the Steering Committee will be made after they have been contacted and have accepted. V. Housing. A report of the Housing Task Force was presented which outlined the principal effort the Task Force wished to take in the housing field. The report was approved by the Executive Committee, a copy of which is attached . Whereupon, at 5:25 p.m. the meeting was adjourned. �
  • Tags: Box 7, Box 7 Folder 12, Folder topic: Urban Coalition | Coordinators Weekly Report | 1969
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Box 7, Folder 12, Document 12

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  • Title: Box 7, Folder 12, Document 12
  • Text: r__ -- - - - -·· N E WS from The Urban Coalition Action Council .1819 H Street, N.W. Washington, D.C. 20006 202-223-9500 August 14, 1969 (Tom Mathews) FOR RELEASE FRIDAY AM, AUGUST 15, 1969 URBAN COALITION ACTION COUNCIL . STATES VIEWS ON ADMINISTRATION'S WELFARE PROPOSALS The following statement was issued on behalf of the Urban Coalition Action Council today by John W. Gardner, Council Chairman, following a meeting of the Council's Executive Committee in Washington, D.C.: Pi·esident Nixon has taken the initiative to reform America's outmoded welfare system. The Urban Coalition Action Council welcomes this major departure and commends the President for moving to correct the serious deficiencies of the current system. The President's proposals are significant on several counts: (a) They will provide assistance to .the millions of working poor who are totally ignoreq by the present system . . (b) They will provide income to unemployed parents who are seeking work or training, thereby keeping families together. (In most states today unemployed fathers have to desert their families to make the fam~lies eligible for aid. ) • r �··--· , . J -2- (c) They remove the powerful barrier to work which is a gro~s defect of the present system, and introduce a positive incentive for the individual to enter the job market. (d) Though the leve-1 of support is modest, they take the enormously important step of accepting federal responsibility to place a floor under the income of those eligible for assistance. (e) They will provide national eligibility standards for those receiving federal assistance under the new program. We have strongly advocated such measure s and we will _do all that we can to make them a . legislative reality. If that is to come about, all who are concerned for the n a tion's future must work together to ensure that the best program we can devise is finally written into law. To assure the ultimate success of the program; it must be strengthene d in eve ry way possible during the public d e bate and the l e gislati v e de liberations to come . He re are s ome o f th e wa ys i n whi c h streng t h eni n g could be accomplished: 1. The· Admi nistr ation p r op os a ls could be fur ther s t rengthened by rais ing the leve l o f f unding i n order t o inc r ease the level of minimum income, to a f ford r e lief f o r tho se s t ates and municipa li ties which are being crushed by the spiraling we l f are burde n and to include s ingle pers ons and childless couples wh o are no t now covered. \ �-3- 2. The plan proposed by the Fresident exempts mothers of pre-school chil~ren from the provision requiring recipients of assistance to register for work and training. This is a step forward over the present law and should be retained. But the plan could be strengthened f~rther if it recognized that even mothers of children- over six might serve the society best by staying home and doing a good · job of bringing up their children. It is a decision for the mother, not the government, to make. All evidence indicates that the number of mothers who want .to wo r k.ex cee ds our capabil i ty to . provide jobs and daycare facilities. ~ 3. The Administration propos~ls · can be _effectively stre ngthe ned by the fo rmula tion o f expl i ci t fede r a l s tandards governing wo rk r e f erral a nd wa g es to b e . p a i d , a nd b y provis ions to assure that present welfare recipients do not e nd up with a lower leve l of b e nef its th a n they pres ent ly _r ece ive. 4. The proposal s could b e ma de more effec tive if t h ey · were suppleme nted by a job c r eation program. The r e is a dange r tha t the new training opportunitie s prop os e d by the P resident wi l l s i mp l y b e c ome a revolving doo r . throu gh whi c h potential emplo yees pass without obtaining employment. The Coalition has l ong advo cated a p ub l ic s e rvi ce emp loymen t pro gram which would solve the problem. 5. Finally, the prorosal should assure that the food stamp program only be phased out as cash payments approach the · minimum necessary to lif± a family out of poverty. �6 - I • -4- The Urban Coalition Action Council look.s forward to joining with other concerned citizens in the monumental task we now face of winning the public and political support necessary to assure enactment of constructive measures to meet these problems. * * \ �
  • Tags: Box 7, Box 7 Folder 12, Folder topic: Urban Coalition | Coordinators Weekly Report | 1969
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  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 7, Folder 12, Document 14

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  • Title: Box 7, Folder 12, Document 14
  • Text: -1 THE NEED FOR PUBLIC SERVICE EMPLOYMENT The Urban Coalition Action Council At the time of the original convocation that created the nat"ional Urban Coalition in 19_6 7, the Steering Committee of that convocation stated its position ;n public service employment. That statement called for immediate legislative action based in part on the following principles: \ 1) "The .Federal government must enlist the cooperation of government at all levels and of private_ industry to assure that meaningful productive work is available to everyone willing and able to work." 2) "To create socially useful jobs, the ..• program should concentrate on the huge backlog of employment needs _in parks, streets, slums, countryside, schools, colleges, libraries . and hospitals ..• _" 3) "The program must provide meaningful jobs--not dead end, make work projects ... " · 4) "Basi c education , training and counseling must be an integral part o f the program ... Funds f or tra ining education and counseling should be made available to private industry as well as to public and private nonprofit agencies." 5) "Such a program should seek to qualify new employees to become part of the regular work force and to meet normal performance standards~-" _. 6) "The operation of the program should be keyed to specific locali ze d unemployment problems and focused_ initially on those areas where the n eed is most apparent." . ··,:; '-. On April 1, 1968, in testimony before the .Subcommittee on . Employment, Manpower and Poverty of the Senate Committee on Labor and Public Welfare, John W. Gardner, chai~man of the n a tional Urban Coalition Action Council, reaf~ irme d the convoc ati on's statement. Mr. Gardner's testimony also made public for the ,. =---=--- : ---.,:___:_- __!~ .. �Public Service Employment Page 2 first · ti~e the preliminary conclusion.s of a study by Dr. Harold Sheppard of the Upjohn Institute.l Dr. Sheppard was commissioned by the Urban Coalition to surv_ey the public service needs of a sample of major cities and to e~amine the general problems of underemployment and unemployment in'this country in terms of those -needs. Sheppard's study, released in final f6rm in January _of this year, dispell~d ~ome myths which have greatly influenced past thinking on unemployment and underemployment; about the poor who do not work and the much larger group of poor who do. For example, 85 to 90 per cent of the poor who do not work are ill, disabled, in school, or in the case of many women, they are unable to enter the labor market at all because of home respon- .. sibilities. · Sheppard's analysis emphasized the critical facts about · the underemployed, who he defines as those who work and are still poor. In any analysis of what constitutes .the poor in this country, underemployment looms as large--tf· not larger--than .. ;,~ unemployment. Sheppard found that, conservatively, ~lmost five million people in this country were underemp loyed. This is a • significant figure since it includes by definition people who "·r. ' work and are still poor, and does not include unemployed as defined by the Federal government . . 1 Harold L. Sh e pp ard, The J:Jature o f the Job ·P roble m and t h e Role of .New Public Service Emp l oyment, the Upjohn Institute, January 1969 ,. .... ,._ ..-· ~, .,, .- �· Public Service Employment Page 3 Sheppard advanced an even more startling theory, based on .Bureau of' the Census stat~stics, on the number of poor families in the labor force and the per cent having two or more wage earners. Using this method, Sheppard concluded that in 1966 at least six million members of families worked on some basis and were poor . ., In addition, there were 1.3 million unrelated individuals in the labor force at the same time. Therefore, there are perhaps as many as 7.3 million men and women who are labor · force participants and yet are poor. ~He concludes that most of them are employed but still do not earn enough to raise their,families or themselves out of poverty. Equally significant weight must be given to the quality of the unemployed in terms of age, location, duration, etc. The quality can have serious consequences for the cities. At the time of the Sheppard study, the Office of Economic Opportunity estimated that the central cities contained nearly 1.3 million job seekers or underemployed poor persons of whom 33 % were in the 16-21 age group (1966 figures). •1968 figuies for Detroit show that the unemployment rate for the city as -. a whole was 3. 8%, but for 16~1~ year olds it was 13.6%. Unemployment in the central city, both white and nonwhite, was 11 . 2%. • In round numbers there were almost 22,000 unemployed in Detroit between . the ages of 16 - 19. ··r. In the central city there were 34,000 people of all ages unemployed. 2 In Los Angeles, 35,000 were between 16 and 19 and the total for-the central 'city was 71,000. One must conclude that the bulk 2 The data for Detroit and Los Angeles are from the Supplement to the President's 1969 Manpower Report and are averages for the calendar year 1968. Data is a lso available for 18 other cities. ,. .,. ~, .- �Public Service Employment Page 4 of the unemployed are in the central city; and if Sheppard's · conservative figures on underemployment are ---- considered, there is today a strong concentration of unemployed and underemployed in the central city, and many are in the 16-19 age group. _these fi~ures will startle anyone. ., None of Yet, measured against achieve- ment much remains to be done. Sheppards analysis of the "needs" of the cities was done by a survey of 130 ci~ies with populations of 100,000 or mor~. ' Althorigh not done in depth, the general conclusions of th~ survey established the fact that in these cities there were at least 280,000 potential positions which were needed but not filled and not bu~geted. Even more significant was the fact that the city representatives estimated that there were at least 140,000 of these jobs that did not require technical or professional training and could be filled by inner-city residents. Contrary to popular belief that these jobs by.definition were make work, 30 per cent were in education of which over 27% were nonprofessional, 12.4 % were in health and·hospitals of which 13.3 % were nonprof essional, and 25 % we re in police , fire and sanitatiop o f which over 23 % could be filled by nonprofessionals. Most people would consider these categories of ·w ork to b e essential _ to the efficient and productive operation o f a city. . \ It is the conviction of the Urban Coalition Action Council that the present .require ments of the citi es and the unfulfille d promises of jobs can be match e d . Su ch a p rogram will h a v e a positive impact on the problems of unemployment and underemployment. \ ,, _, ..-. ( 1. ,.y �Page 5 Publ~c Service Employment But it cannot be done without some Federal support for city budgets, state budgets, budgets of nonprofit institutions such as hospitals, all of which are shrinking under th~ pressure of rising co·sts. Yet the demand ·for service to the community remains ·and grows. ., The private sector is playing a critical role in the employment of the disadvantaged. The JOBS Program3 has had a substantial impact in the communities where it has been operating _for more ~- than a year. Despite excellent organizational and promotional efforts ·and ihe dedication of thousands of individual businessmen, the privai~ sector has not been able to attack the total problem. No one can expect the private sector alone to do the job. In fact, the private sector should not be asked to do the whole ' job. Not only can they not be expected to do it, they cannot do it. In June 1969 the Secretary of Labor announced that 2,370 employers agreed to hire and train 71,796 disadvantaged workers with Federal assistance. 614,_000 by June 1971. The goal is 238,000 by June 1970 and This enormous effort must be continued, •, but even if we recognize that a much larger group has been employed through the normal channels of companies, Los Angeles alone needs more than 71,000 job opportunities for the centra1· ·city right now. Although several bills relating -,to public service employment were introduced in the 90th Congress, Congress has failed to act in this important area . and· manpower 11 Independent pieces of legislation fall out" from other legislation c6nsidered to be 3 Job Opportunities in the Business. Sector, conducted by the National All~ance of Busi nessmen ···\ ,,. . ,.p J ... '. ) -~ It , .- �Public Service Employment Page 6 i I public s·ervice employment-oriented are on the books·. and the Work Incentive Program (WIN) are example s~ New Careers Quite apart from whether the proliferation of programs, both private and . public sector oriented, requires a more comprehensive approach ·and a more efficient delive ry systei;n, pre sent programs apparently are not reaching significant numbers o f the unemployed and underemployed. The present Administrati on is min dful of th i s. The Dep art- me nt o f Labor r e c e nt l y c irculate d f or comme nt t o int~ re sted parti es a detailed program draft to be called Pub lic Se rvice Careers Program. The progr am is sche dul e d to be announced in early August, and one c a n a ss ume th at t he r ecent draft repr esents the Admi n istration's current thinking on this subject. The draft paper ·b a sica lly a g r e es with Dr . Shepp a r d 's s tat e ment o f the p rog ram. 1) Th e Administrat i o n ' s a n a l ysis e mp h asizes t hat: Th ere i s an increasing need for trai ned man power i n the publ ic s e ctor at all l e v el s of governme nt 2) Underemp l oyment is a key problem 3) A public service pro gram should· not be an ' employer ', of: t h e las t r es o rt program' nor me r e l y ano t h er trai ning program 4) The Administration propo ses ·-~to break down a wide range o f b arriers t o emp l o yment o f t he disadvantaged ~nd imple ment upgrading of current employees 5) Federal funds will b e made a vail able f o r s u pportive seryices, i.e. training and remediation, transpo rtation and .day care facilities, job res tructuring, sensitivity \ ,,.. ... ..:-1· ···\- II •.,F.,J ,. .,,.,.,. �Public Service Emp l oyment training for supervisors. Page 7 Fifty million dollars in Title I-B Economic Opportunity Act monies will be requested. The Secretary of Labor has stated that the Federal government inves t ment per trainee in the JOBS p r ogr am is $2,915 . Using three thousand dollars per person and nqt taking into account any additional investment that may have been made by t~e private sector for each JOBS trai n e e , t h e p rop o sed Pub lic Se rvice Ca r eers Pr ogram would g e n erat e ab out 1 6 ,000 jobs f or t h e e n t ire n ati o n. The justification that . the Labor' Department uses for its limi ted efforts in the public s e cto r is the as s umed need f o r e xperime ntation (For e x a mp l e, will the h ire-first t rain- lat er . . principle wo rk in the public s e ctor ), a nd to d e termine whe t her or no t such p r o g r ams c a n s uc cee d withou t s ome fo rm of Fed eral wage s ub sidy . Re pre sen t ati v e s o f ma j o r c i ti e s h ave a lready indicated to De p a rtme nt r ~pre s ent a tive s t h a t Federal wage subs idies in s ome fo rm are necess a ry; th a t t h ey f a c e continuing d eteriorat ion o f esse n tial a s we il as d e s i rabl~ s ervices; t h at bud geta ry p re ss u r e s . "· are such th a t th e r e cru iting , tra i ning, a nd s u pp l ying o f s up p ortive services-is meaningle ss . if t he jobs c annot b e s u sta i ne d i n the • c ity s yste m o r the ho s pital , no matte r how badly n e~d e d . 4 The Administration ' s an a ly s i s o f ,. une mp loy me n t a n d undere mployme nt proble ms and the i mpe r a tiv e and g r owi ng need f o r a publ ic service manpower p r o g r am s u ppo r t s the a n a l ysis o f t h e 4This e x plains t h e reaction o f s ome c i ty representatives who, a l though cri t ical o f t h e WI N pro gram, regard a t l eas t as realistic i n this one ·respect f o r i t does provi d e f o r some fo r m of wage ·s ubsidy for two years . \ .,, ,. ~ ., �-Public Service Employment I P~ge 8 I Urban Coalition. But the conclusions fro~ the analyses differ. The Urban Coalition Action Council can'not support the Administration's present approach in this area, and so informed Assistant Secretary of Labor Arnold Weber by letter on July 25, 1969. (See attachment) The Urban Coalition Actiorr Council is pu~suing a vigorous _program of support for meaningful public service employment legislation in this session of Congress. The Action Council is coordinating and cooperating with its supporting segments to prepare now for Senate and House hearings. The timetable in the House calls for hearings sometime in early October. first order of business. This is the Particularly because of the Administra- tion's approach at the prese nt time, we must undertake to prove the case for a more rapid and larger eff9rt . in the public employ~ ment field. We hope th.at all· the varied e lements in the Urban Coalition Action Council constituency and all others who h ave a concern about the commitment of this nation to of fer job opportunities to those willi~g and able to work will assist us in· this effort. · In order to prepare caref~lly for the anticipated h earings , we would welcome any comme nts or r eactions .that you migh t have to ·this proposed effort. We are particularly interested in cri"tical reactions to the concept of public service emp loyment as we ll as comme nts on present or propC?sed a lternat i v e methods in ,. either the public o r private sector for dealing with the problems of u nderemp loyme nt and unemp loyme nt in 1969. July 30, 1969 (bs) ,r ,. •-' I' • �
  • Tags: Box 7, Box 7 Folder 12, Folder topic: Urban Coalition | Coordinators Weekly Report | 1969
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 7, Folder 12, Document 22

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  • Result Type: Item
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  • Title: Box 7, Folder 12, Document 22
  • Text: The Atlanta Service-Learning Conference invites you to its inaugural meeting Urban Needs = Educational Opportunities at the White House Motor Inn, Atlanta June 30 -- July 1, 1969 T he first in a series of meetings planned for 1969 by sp onsors of the Atlanta Service-Learning Conference, including: T he City of Atlanta The Atlanta Urban Corps Economic Opportunity Atlanta The Colleges an d Universit ies of A tlanta Department of Health, Education and Welfare The Southern Regional Education Board Volunteers in Service to A m erica The Peace Corps �THE ATLANTA SERVICE--LEARNING CONFERENCE ~ Atlanta shares with other major American cities its needs for increased services and its large population of college students -- some 40,000 in the metropolitan area. In an attempt to explore ways to meet urb an needs, to offer students a more relevant education, and to bring campus and co mmunity closer together, Atlanta students, city officials, higher education faculty and staff, regi onal and federal agency officials are jointly launchin g the Atlanta Service-Learning Conference. .. - R esearch: How are students' educational and career choices affected through participation in service-learning programs? Methods and Programs: H ow should a service-learning program be designed for implementatio n o n a large scale? Laboratory Among th e work group part icipants will b e m emb ers of the Atlanta Urban Corps and ot her service-learning programs which will fo rm a practical lab oratory for the Conference. Meeting Series Information Exchange and Results The meeting on June 30 and July 1 marks the opening event of the Co nference. The Conference will co ntinue for six months and will sponso r periodic meetings to consider major dimensions of the service-learnin g concept. Th e Co nfere nce will foster the exchange of information among p articipants and with interested perso ns in other metropolitan areas . It is a lread y sp onsoring surveys of student manp ower res o urces in the urban area, of the needs of the public and voluntary age ncy sectors for st udent manpower, and of prese nt college and university program s helping t o fi ll these needs. A wrap -up meeting and publicati o n is planne d for the co ming winter, when pla ns for continuing the examina tion of servicelearn ing a nd extending service-learning programs w ill be co nsidered. Work Groups In exploring the service-learning concept, w ork groups will b e formed t o concentrate o n particular aspects of the idea. These work groups, and a typical question to b e p osed to each of them, are listed b elow : Serv£ce: How can the student make a maximum co ntributio n in hi s short term assignment? Learning: What learn in g can take place during the assignm en t ? Curriculum: What are the implications of the service-learning idea for curricular d evelopment? Financing: What is an equitab le distributio n of cost among the h ost agency? the college? the government? Participation Part icipat ion in the Con fere nce is open to a ll perso ns and groups interested in sharing infor m ation o n service-learning programs. In quiries may be addressed to: Atlanta Service-Learning Conference Peace Corps, So uthern Region Suit e B- 70 27 5 Peachtree Street, N .E. At lanta, Georgia 30303 �Urban Needs = Educational Opportunities Monday, June 30 9:00 Welcome by Mayor Ivan Allen 9:30 A Case Study presented by the service-learning players 11:00 Service-Learning in Action in Atlanta -- up-to-the-minute report 12:15 Needs of Urban America luncheon address 2:00 Seminars on service-learning concept and programs 5:30 Social hour 7:00 Educational Needs of Young People -- dinner address Tuesday, July 1 9:00 Service-Learning and National Programs, an exchange with national officials of the Teacher Corps, VISTA and the Peace Corps 11:00 Workshops A . Service B. Learning C. Curriculum D. Finance E. Research F. Methods and Programs 12 : 15 Servic e by Youth luncheon address 2:00 Workshops resume 4:00 Workshop reports and discussion 5:00 What Next? 5:30 Conclusion �
  • Tags: Box 7, Box 7 Folder 12, Folder topic: Urban Coalition | Coordinators Weekly Report | 1969
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 7, Folder 12, Document 3

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_007_012_003.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 7, Folder 12, Document 3
  • Text: TH F. cv ct-JI G STAR \Va~hi ng ton, D. C. Sc: urday, Dc :em bar 73, 1969 _.., NEW YORK TIMES, SA T U RD A Y, DECE M B E R. 1-1, 1969 HOUSE BARS SHIFT Or,: POVERTY PLAN Lib erals Block G.O.P. Move to Giv e Ru le to States By MARJORIE HUNTER S ptc!a! to 'fh e :-.:cw York T ;mes W AS HfNGTON, Dec. 12 Dem ocrati c libera ls s ucceeded toni g ht in blockin g .a Rcpt.:blican m o,:e th a t w ould s hift contro l of a key antipoverty prog ra m to the states. The vole was 23 1 to 163. The aCLi on m a rked » stu nni r,g defea t for a powe rf ul coa lition of Re publi ca n a nd Southe rn Dem oc rats seeki ng to give Governors con tro l over the co mmunity ac ti o n programs. , Earlier, Democ ra t ic lead ers ha d sent up a loud cheer w hen th ey learned they had defeated the sta te-control pla n by a nonre cord ed vo te of 183 to 166. Backe rs of t he state-contro l pl a n then ma de a fina l try, fa iling this tim e on the 23 1- to- 163 roll-c all vote. '.i"he ui ii -calling for a twoye a r, $2 .343-b illi on ex tens ion the ant ipove rty proof g ram v ir tu a ll y unchanged-th en passed the !·louse by a vote of 276 to 11 7. The bill now goes to con fe rence with the Se na te, w hi ch passe d a simil a r meas ure earlier thi s fa ll. Throughou t the day -long debate, Demo cratic libera ls all but conced ed tha t th ey did not J1 ave th e votes to turn bJck the u s ua lly domin ant coali tion of Republ ica ns a nd So uthern Demo crats.' Yet th ey scored a double victo ry, not only b lock in g th e sta te-control p la n, but a lso succe_edm g in reta ini ng $295mlll 10n ad ded in comm ittee to th e Adm inistrat ion 's p roposed $2.048-billion bill. It _w_a s appare nt th a t· ma ny Repu olt ca ns, con fide nt of v ic1ory, had decided t hei r votes wou ld not be needed a nd h ad 1 left fo r home before t he crucial v ote. · For days, Democratic libe ra ls J13d ins isted · th at Pre si de nt Nixon a lon e he ld the key to the futur e of t he anti p(wcr ty prog ra m. He ha d ca ll ed for ·a s imple t wo-yea r extens ion of the prog ram, wit hout c ha nges. Howc,·c r, w ith t he Ho use Republica n leaders hip fi rml y committed t o shi ftin g cont ro l lo the · sta tes, th e Pres ide nt did not personall y seek to lin e u p Repu blica n s upp or t for a s imple two -year extensi on. · In st ead, at hi s n ews confe ren ce on Mo nd ay, l\'lr. Nixon said he ho ped t ha t hi s a nti - 1 poverty dir (;c tor, Donald Rumsfeld, coul d take so1o1c kind of " accomm oda ti on;: wi th cri ti cs of the progra m . · Heedi ng the Pres ide nt's ad vi ce, spon sors of t he state co ntrol pla n m odif ied t heir earlie r propc:sa l by perm itting the direc tor of t he Ofiice of Econom ic Oppo rtu nity grea ter leeway in OYCrriclin° \'Clocs of Go ve r'no rs ove r ioc":i! communi ty action progra ms. Th ey a lso provided the O.E.O. dire cto r with severa l meth ods of by-pass in g s ta tes th a t fa il ed to adequ ate ly fu nd loca l p rog rams . Even .wi th t hese m od ifications, . r.-rr. Rum sfeld spo ke out tod ay · a ga in s t th e Republica n substitute proposal. Exemptions Pile Up . In h our after hour of drbate toda y;. severa I ~node rate Rep ub- I li ca ns and Democ ratic li be ra ls st rip ped th e state-con t ro l pla n eve n ·fur the r. T h constiluenrole in lobbying fo1• the bill. c_y in urban areas where opposiR umsfeld c arried the fi ght in dozens of meetings wit h con- twn to the substitu te was oro-a. nizc-d forces with South- , ern Democrats behind a substi~~1te bill drafted by Reps. Albert i 0 l i· · ? re-- I I I CONTI NUED NE XT PAGE: I �20NTINUED FR . PREVIOUS PAGE: Head Start Funds The bill that passed leaves OE O as it is and authorizes $295 million extra for Head Start, job train ing and health services. The bill now goes to coo.fer6nce with a similar Senate version passed Oct. 14 tha t authorizes $4.8 billion over two years. Joining in t he end-of-session rush , the Senate Appropria tions Committee went ahead yes terday and put nearly $2 billion into an appr opriation bill for OEO even though fin al a ction on the authorization cannot come until : some time next week. Snturdny. Dec. 13, 1969 THE WASHINGTOl\ POST I Began A Week Ago The pressure began. more than a week ago whe n Quie and Mrs . j Green unveiled their s ubstitute bill. Debate was scheduled for the next day but Educa tion and Labor Comm ittee Chairman . Carl D. Perkins, D-Ky., yanked the administration bill off the calendar to barga in for time. As yesterday's long day of poverty talk began, OEO critics were optimistic and its defenders gloomy. Both Democratic whip Hale Boggs of Louisiana and Majority Leader Carl Albert of Oklahoma said they did not have the vote-:,: to win . Perkins s aid strong Republican support was essential for victory. He urged at least 55 Republicans to "come for ward and support your President." No · one expected that a ny where! near 63 would answer the c all. · The tone of the debate reflected the preva iling a ttitudes. OE O backers offfered little r esistance to t he substi tute. A few re latively minor amendments were adopted. There were fr equen t shouts of " vole, vote" to keep the action m oving. The substi tute would have given governors a veto over VISTA and community action progra ms and would have permitted s tates to establish separate agencies to operate the anti-pover ty pr ogra m . ~~,.,/1,,!..;i!.J r,,..,~ (Jyr:u AJ.L.i.! f( _j/'1 . v 1 f ~- 'j , . I ~" 'r, f.J 1 · ' . 1/ ~ 40. 1~-.' .I f! / ,~ • u .. R 7T ,·s. power to ac l if s t:i tcs did not i On th e k <'y n 1tc·. J G8 Dc mn- · o;:ic i·;i te ci fcc\.i ve pi-o gr ams. j crats and G:l Hc publi ra ns , Dul He p. Carl P c r·kin s (D. 'j Yoted a ga in 5t s tate co ntrol, : K y .), ch a irm ap of th e House 1 !Eclucnti o n and L abnr Co mmi t- ; whi le 103 Hrpublic an. and GO I ' t N· nn d flo or ma na ger of th e Demo crats voted for it. I ,acim inis lr::i lion 's exlr mion b ill . O EO d ra ls directly wilh J ca lled t he r ev ised s ubs tit ute ro mmnniti cs. with a m inimum i •·a., cl e lruclive ·· :i s tlle o r igiof s tate su pc n ·i s ion. T ll c sub- i na l sta te -co ntro l !)Inn. st itutc proposa l would have , S peake, J oh n \\'. \lcpermitled gci\-c rnors lo take : Corma ck CD-:'l l ass. ) urged decon trol of mos t of th e coutro- ' feat of th e subs titute, sa~·ing vr r sial pro r, r ams th at com e it hc iss ue wa s one of '· money unclcr t he umb re ll a of comm:.i- j · 1·alu es ver s us human vnlu es. " ni ty acti on on tiic loC'a l lr ,·el. 1 I lt was rhi cfly a desire to gc t j f li ghter co nt ro l over lhc loca l prog r:im s, which the poor them se lves h elp r un . th at moli vatccl lli e ca mpai gn for sta te contro l. Support er. of s la te control in s i5lccl th c1 t t hey 1•: ere not l tryin .; lo di sm antl e OE O. but , r a ther were 11·.vin ;'. t o give nul ho r ity to sta le officials who , have a bett er gras p of prob: le ms in their sta tes. I ! I i ...-.. ' • ~-. "' ~ · ·~•• TT �
  • Tags: Box 7, Box 7 Folder 12, Folder topic: Urban Coalition | Coordinators Weekly Report | 1969
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 7, Folder 12, Document 5

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_007_012_005.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 7, Folder 12, Document 5
  • Text: THE URBAN COALITION ACTION COUNCIL 2700 M Street, N .W. • W as hingto n, D . C. 20037 (202) 293-7625 JO H N W. GAR D NER Chai rm an AN DREW HEI SK EL L A. PHILI P RAN D O LPH Co- chairmen LOWE LL R. BECK Exec uti ve Direc tor November 21, 1969 Honorable Ivan Allen, Jr. Mayor of the City of Atlanta City Hall Atlanta, Georgia 30303 Dear Mayor Allen: I am enclosing for your information recent Action Council testimony on the two closely related issues of welfare reform and food stamps. John Gardner's statement on welfare was presented to the Way s and Means Committee by George McGhee. In his capacity as special counsel to the Action Council, Mr. Stephen Kurzman presented our position on food stamps before t h e House Committee on Agriculture. I would ap preciate receiving any comments y ou may have on the positions stated in t h is testimony. Sincerely, faJ;!?J?_{, Lowell R. Beck �
  • Tags: Box 7, Box 7 Folder 12, Folder topic: Urban Coalition | Coordinators Weekly Report | 1969
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 7, Folder 12, Document 6

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  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 7, Folder 12, Document 6
  • Text: November 10, 1969 MEMORANDUM TO THE PRESS FROM JOHN W. GARDNER CHAIRMAN THE URBAN COALITION ACTION COUNCIL I wanted you to have an advance copy of my testimony before the House Ways and Means Committee on the pending welfare reform legislation. A long-standing commitment will prevent my personal appearance at the hearing on the date made available by the Committee; but the testimony will be presented by one of my associates. It is of the highest importance that we get sound legislation in this field. We are faced with an extraordinary opportunity to replace our ineffective, even destructive, public assistance programs with a national system of income maintenance that will help people help themselves and give hope and dignity to those left behind by society. The Urban Coalition and the Urban Coalition Action Council will give the issue top priority for the months ahead. �
  • Tags: Box 7, Box 7 Folder 12, Folder topic: Urban Coalition | Coordinators Weekly Report | 1969
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 7, Folder 12, Document 18

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_007_012_018.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 7, Folder 12, Document 18
  • Text: TERMS OF OFFICE At the current time Steering Committee members and Executive Committee members are elected for indefinite terms, terminated only by a member's resignation, death, or upon a vote of the Steering Committee to remove him from office. In order to assure the continued vitality of the Committees and an orderly process of turnov~r, terms of office should beestablished for all members. It is therefore recommended that the Executive Committee approve the following policies and authorize the Chairman to implement them, including the incorporation . of changes in the by-laws as may be n ecessary: ,, 1. Ex cept as noted in Paragraph 2, all Steering Committee members shall be nominated to serve for a term of two years and shall b e eligible for re-election to additional terms. 2. The terms of office of members who hold public offic e or are offic ers of private organizations or businesses shall be up to two years but shall not e x ceed the term of their non-Coalition position. 3. The chairman and co-chairmen shal l serve in that capacity for 2-year terms and shall be eiigible for re-election. .' -~' . ...... �4. Executive Committee members shall be elected for a term equivalent to their term on the Steering Committee and shall be eligible for re-election. 5. The Nominating Committe e shall be established as a permanent committee of the Ex ecutive Committee. Its m~mbers shall serve for a term equivalent to their term on the Executive Committee · and shall be eligible for re-election . The size of the committee . shall be fixed by the Chief Ex ecutive Officer but may not be less than five. 6. Individuals will be elected to ~he Steering Committee, Executive Committee and the Nominating Committee by a majority vote of the Steering Committee which may be taken either by mail or at a regularly scheduled meeting . 7. The Chairman is authorized to assign terms of office to all current members of the Steering Committee in accordance with the policies stated above. �
  • Tags: Box 7, Box 7 Folder 12, Folder topic: Urban Coalition | Coordinators Weekly Report | 1969
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 7, Folder 12, Document 20

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  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 7, Folder 12, Document 20
  • Text: FOUNDATION TAX ISSUES Report of Action by House Ways and Means Committee as of Wednesday, Au g ust 6, 1969 The House Ways and Means tax reform bill, which will be debated on the House floor this week, contains several important provisions relating to foundations and their grantees. At its last me eting , the Action Council went on record. in o pposition to many of -the Committee' s earlier proposals. This is a report on the final action of the Ways and Means CornmittP.e 1. Definition of Private Foundations. Priva te founda tion s have bee n newly defined to include groups such as the Urban Coalition and the Brookings Institution,- in addition to groups such as th8 Ford and Carnegie f oundations . . As such they are now subject to an income t ax and n ew limitati ons on t heir activitie s. 2. An annual tax of 7 1/2 per cent was imposed on net invest- ment income . Explanation: \ The origina l t e ntative proposals h ad recommended a tax of 5 per cent. It is estimated tha t revenue increases at 7 1/2 per cent will produce $6 5 million in the first year. This is, in fac t, a t ax on b e n ef iciaries of foundations r ather than on foundations. The Coalition may now have to pay a tax on its next investment income. �3. Restrictions on Activiti es. The newly def i ned foundations (incl uding the Coalition) would be prohibited from: a ) Carrying on propaganda or otherwise attempting to influence legislation. b) At tempt in g to influence le gislat ion through attempting to affect public opinion, and through private communication with a member or employee of a legisl at ive body , or with any o ther person who may participate in the formulation of le gislation (Except through ·making avai l ab l e the results of nonp ar ti san analysis or research). Explana tion: This is a modificat i on of the o rig in al t entative proposals which prohibited foundations from engaging in any activiti es intended to influence the decision of any governmental body. It is intended to tighten up the rules . against lobbying. Under present law~ a foundation ~ay influence legislation if this is not a substantial part of its activity. The new l egis lation would remove this test and allow no in fluen cing of l eg islation. The Cammi ttee Report e xplains ,·that these provisions are designed to prohibit grassroots camp aigns for the purpose of influencing i legislation . Further, foundations may discuss broad policy �I - ·- --_!' - · -- - .. .., q u estions with congressmen and government agenci~s; they are precluded from "direct attempts to persuade congr_essme n and g o vernment o fficials to take positions on specific legislative issues." 4. Voter Regis tra tion. Foundation s would be pr6hibited from engaging in voter re g i s t ra tio n drives unless gr a nts are made .to a 50l(c) (3 ) _ group th a t: . a) opera t e s in five or more states b} receives support from five or mo~e orgatii za tions, none . of whi ch provides mo r e than 25 per. cent of its suppor t. . ./ · Ex~lanation: ~he t entative propo sa l s would h ave prohibite d foundations from engaging in any voter registratiori activity or payi n g for any such activity. strict view. The bill moves away from th a t The League of Women Votei s Education Fund and the Southe rn Regional Council are specifically mentioned in the Committee Rep ort as e xamp les of organi zat ions which would be permitted to engage in voter registration. But other registration and education prog rams~-n ow conducted b y numerous smaller groups in l ess than five states --will be prohibited from receiving foundation supp ort. e_··, * * The House bill will, in all probability, be p~ssed by the full House this we ek unde~· a "c lo sed" rule. · Floor amendments to tax .-, �f' '• bills generally are not permitted, and passage of the tax reform bill seems assuredo The Action Council and many of its cooperating groups have worked t o modify the tentative proposals of the Ways and Means Committee so that the vital activity of found~tions and foundation - related organ izations can go forward o Our attention now turns to the Sen ate and the Fina nce Committee in particular which will begin consider i ng tax r efo rm proposals after the Augus t Congressional Recesso ( ) ('-.-~ \ . \ ( · �
  • Tags: Box 7, Box 7 Folder 12, Folder topic: Urban Coalition | Coordinators Weekly Report | 1969
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 7, Folder 12, Document 25

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_007_012_025.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 7, Folder 12, Document 25
  • Text: April 2 4, 1969 y'e- _:.:'.Mt. John ---1_ W. Gardner Chairman National Urban Coalition Washington, D. C. lb' j~ 19 /-/ 5-t 1 (ucu ~6Dt, b Dear.M-~ The Atlanta Chamber of Commerce is planning a special program beginning in September 1969. The purpose of Leadership Atlanta is to develop a group of identifiable young leaders; acquaint them with the basic problems and suggested solutions of the problems facing Atlanta; and encourage participation in positive community leadership. There will be approximately 50 participants in this program; 30 sponsored b y business firms, and 20 chosen from outside the business community to insure participation from low income Negro groups. A real effort is being made to insure representative membership among the participants. The sessions will be held once a month. Each one is developed by the Chamber and a different educational institution. Background reading material will be required before each session. The format will be generally as follows : 1) Address on topic 2) Supper 3) Panel or seminar involving local figures A listing of the subjects to be covered is included. The first session is scheduled for September 2 9, 19.69. The Chamber would like for y ou to keynote the program with an opening address . Frank Carter, Chamber President, and I have been asked to participate in the after-dinner session and are planning to do so. �Page Two Mr. John W. Gardner On behalf of the Chamber, I hope you can participate in this most worthwhile undertaking. If you would like, I will be happy to arrange other engagements for you during the day. Sincerely, Ivan Allen , Jr. IAjr:jct Enclosures �
  • Tags: Box 7, Box 7 Folder 12, Folder topic: Urban Coalition | Coordinators Weekly Report | 1969
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 7, Folder 12, Document 26

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_007_012_026.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 7, Folder 12, Document 26
  • Text: ~ - ~ Jiu_ _ k 4-Ltff tJ4 0 ~do~ · r::¼ tLJ / k ad/A- c/4dr a!J-ul__ f ML ~t-tU_da.k_ /kl u lu d
  • Tags: Box 7, Box 7 Folder 12, Folder topic: Urban Coalition | Coordinators Weekly Report | 1969
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 7, Folder 12, Document 27

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_007_012_027.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 7, Folder 12, Document 27
  • Text: ATLANTA,GEORGIA g-'Wn'l - Mrs . Ann M. Moses al: ~ '· . . . . . '. · · _.,,; -. ~ ·~ FORM 25-6 · · • - eu,v / / )A
  • Tags: Box 7, Box 7 Folder 12, Folder topic: Urban Coalition | Coordinators Weekly Report | 1969
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 7, Folder 12, Document 19

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_007_012_019.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 7, Folder 12, Document 19
  • Text: Na tion a l Minori t y Cont ractors I n st1·tu t e Backgro und~ Hi s tor ic a ll y , mi riority group co nstruct i o n contra ctors h ave b ee n outside t he ma in streafu o f the c ons t ruction industry . Al t h o u g h t he n at i on has approximately 870 ,000 genera l and spec i a l ty con trac tor s , f ewer t h a n 2,0 00 o r two-ten th s of one percerit are b l ack,_ Whil e a r e li ab l e e s t i ma t e of the number o f contractors among other minori ties is no t availab l e , i t s eems safe to assume th at the y too h ave littl e representati on. The developm e nt of minority contractors · in th e past has not kept p ace with the indu s try ' s growth and th e re is no reason to assume th a t withou t assistan ce t he gap betweeri minority contractors a nd othe r contracto rs will not continue to d ras tic a lly widen. The press i ng n eed is for a program to develop minor ity contr ac tor s and t o enable them to d evelop the entrepreneu ri a l ski ll s required t o sustain a ma jor constru ction progr am. I n t h is way , we c an b eg i n to crea t e oppor tuniti es not only for en tr a nce into t h e construction i ndustry as general and s u b-cont ractors, b ut a l so for th e deve l opme nt of skill ed craft job and union members hip op~ortunities. •r h e Proposal: To establish a Na tion a l Minority Contractors Institute which will promote and facilitate the development of mino rity construction contra ctors in the major u rban areas and e nha nce opportunities for minority e ntre~reneu rship a nd emp loyme nt in this industry . �r - ( Specific Goa ls: 1) 2 - To increase th e par ticipation of minority group contra ctors in th e building and c-ons truction indu stry; 2) to multiply a t a ll skill l eve l s the minority group work forc e in that ind u stry; and 3) to ass i st core city r es idents 1 partici- -p ation in the rebuilding p r oce ss in their communities. • ' Me thods: These goals will be achiev ed by: 1) inform ing _rel evant in s titutions o f the problems of minority contr~ ctors and stimulating solutions e ssenti a l for the i r gr eat e r p a rtici p a tion in th e c onstruction i ndustry; 2 ) serving as a f~cal poi nt and sou r c e foi getting technica l as s istanc e to l ocal contract or associations and/or contra ctors ; 3 ) p r ovid ing f or di ssemination of informati o n to contr actors and excha ng es of e x perienc e ; 4 ) ass i sting , as n eed ~d , t he National Minor ity Co ntractors Associ ati oµ; 5) as~ istiny i 11 lhe de ve loprn.ent of lo ca l minori t y contracto rs a ss o c i a tions v1h erever th e d emands indicate; 6) a id in d ev e l 6ping funding sources to pro~ i de resources n e cess ary for loc a l s t aff sup port and loca l working. capital n e eds of a ss oci a tio~ me mb ers ; 7) d e v e lopme nt of ma npower progr ams r e l e vant to the n eed s o f th e c ontr a ctor s a nd to th e communities which they serve. Ope r ati o ns o f th e In s titut e : The thre~ ma jor compone nt s will b e a ) Re volving Capit a l Fund, b ) Techn ical As s ist a nce, and c) Ma npower. A working ·c a pita l r e volving fund will h e lp minor i ty contr a ctors over come c r i t i cal f in a n c ing a nd bond i ng obs t ac l es. C Tec hn ical �- 3 -. r ( as si stance wil l help minor ity c o n tr a cto rs d e ve l op the bu s iness and ma nagement sk ill s nec e ssa r y t o c ompe t e more eff e ctive l y fo r a gr eater share o f th e n at i o n ' s construction bu s i n ess . Manpower t rai n i ng p r ogr ams wil l be d ev ~l o ped - - in c l o s e coop e r a t i on wi th th e b ui ld i ng t rad e s u n i on s -- to d e v e lop and upgr a de c raft sme n at all s k i ll . l evel s. Urb a n Co a liti o n ro l e : The Coa li t ion wil l assume a cat a l ys t role in th e estab l i s hment of the I n s ti tute with t h e goal o f sp i nning i t o ff as a separa t e non-profi t o r gani zat i on as s o on as fe a sib l e . The Co a lition 1 s effor t wi ll include f u nd -r a i s i ng , loc a t ing private s e c tor repr ese n tat i ves willing t o ass is t Ins titu t e programs , di s - ( s em i nat i ng i nform a t ion about th e I nstitute , a nd h e l p ing i dent i fy local commun i ti es for priority at tention . Organi za tion : The Bo a rd o f Directors of t he Institu te wi ll r e fl ec t a p a rtn e r s hi p b e t ween mi nor ity · c ontra c tors and tho s e c onuni tt ed to a s sis ti ng the m. St a f fin g : The In s ti tute st aff will cb n si s t i nit i al l y o f a Dir e ctor and a sectet ary. As programs r ea ch th e d eve lopment and imp l eme n - t a ti o n stage - - a n d as f u nding resou rce~ become ava ilab l e -additiona l s t aff wi l l b e added t o a dmi n i s t er t h e r e volv ing capit a l f u nd, t echnic a l ass i s t a n c e , a nd ma npower p rograms of the I nstitu te. �
  • Tags: Box 7, Box 7 Folder 12, Folder topic: Urban Coalition | Coordinators Weekly Report | 1969
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017

Box 7, Folder 12, Document 24

http://allenarchive.iac.gatech.edu/originals/ahc_CAR_015_007_012_024.pdf
  • Result Type: Item
  • Item Type: Text
  • Title: Box 7, Folder 12, Document 24
  • Text: April 24, 1969 Mr. John W. Gardner Chairman National Urban Coalition Washington, D. C . Dear Mr. Gardner: The Atlanta Chambe r of Commerce is planning a special program beginning in September 196 9 . The purpose of Leadership Atlanta is to develop a group of identifiable young leaders; acquaint them with the ' basic problems and suggested solutions of the problems fa cing Atlanta; and encourage participation in positive community leade rship. There will be approximately 56 participants in this program; 30 13ponsored by business firms, and 20 chosen fro m outside t he business community to insure participation from low income Negro groups. A real effort is being made to insure representative membership among the participants. The sessions will be he ld once a month. Ea ch one is developed by the Chamber and a different educationa l institutiono Background reading material will be required before each session. The format wil l be generally as follows: 1) Address on topic 2) Supper 3) Panel or seminar involving local figures A listing of the subjects to be covered is included . The first session is scheduled for September 2 9, 1969. The Chamber would like for you to keynote the program with an opening address. Frank Carter, Chamber President, and I have been a ked to participate in the after-dinner session and are planning to do so. �Page Two Mr. John W. Gardner On behalf of the Chamber, I hope you can participate in this most worthwhile undertaking. If you would like, I will be happy to arrange other engagements for you during the day. Sincerely, Ivan Allen, Jr. IAJr:jct Enclosures �
  • Tags: Box 7, Box 7 Folder 12, Folder topic: Urban Coalition | Coordinators Weekly Report | 1969
  • Record Created: April 18, 2017
  • Record Updated: December 29, 2017