Box 3, Folder 14, Document 3

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vocational skills

Job Corps vocational instruction is planned in steps so a Corps member can
enter employment after each level of training. However, each member is
urged to train in as many skill levels as possible toincrease his employment
potential. Here are vocational skills taught by Job Corps.







this is Job Corps

Job Corps is the Office of Economic Opportunity's voluntary program of
human renewal and work readiness. To accomplish its purpose, Job Corps
seeks to compensate youngsters for a childhood spent in social, economic,
and educational deprivation.

Job Corps teaches basic reading and mathematics skills to youth who
cannot read a simple sentence or solve a second-grade arithmetic problem.

Job Corps offers guidance to young men and women who generally have
come from broken homes, with little in the way of adult supervision or

Job Corps offers medical and dental care for its members—the majority
of whom have had no previous contact with a doctor or dentist.

Job Corps teaches vocational and employment skills to youth who not
only have never held jobs, but who also lack the ability to find jobs.

Job Corps teaches the importance of respect and responsibility to youth
who have become bitter and hostile as a result of their deprivation.

Job Corps shows young people that differences and problems are better
resolved by democratic processes than by violence.

Job Corps provides the alternative of productive and responsible citizen-
ship for thousands who might otherwise have known continued poverty,
illiteracy, unemployment, and delinquency.

Job Corps is a unique partnership of Federal, state, and local govern-
ments, of private enterprise, trade unions, universities, social agencies,
and community groups. The 93 Job Corps conservation centers are operated
on public lands by the U.S. Departments of Agriculture and Interior, and
by four states. The 28 urban and 3 special centers, located generally at
unused military bases or leased private facilities, are operated under
contract by 18 large companies, seven universities, Alpha Kappa Alpha
Sorority, The Texas Educational Foundation, Inc., and the Young Women's
Christian Association. Job Corps trainees are helped to find jobs by the
U. S. Department of Labor, and the state employment services. Two
voluntary agencies, Women In Community Service (WICS) and Joint
Action for Community Service (JACS), help trainees adjust to commu-
nity life and stick with their jobs. WICS also recruits for Job Corps,
as does the AFL-CIO.

who comes to Job Corps?

Young men and women between the ages of 16 and 22, who are out of
school, unable to find an adequate job, and in need of a change of environ-
ment to become useful and productive citizens—these are the young people
who come to Job Corps.

Six of every 10 come from broken homes; 63 percent from homes where
the head of the household was unemployed; 60 percent live in substandard
housing; 64 percent have been asked to leave school; 80 percent have not
seen a doctor or dentist in 10 years. Only about 60 percent ever held a job,
full or part-time, and their average annual salary was $639. More than half
of the male recruits of draft age are unfit for military service for educational
or health reasons,

A youngster entering Job Corps has a reading and math ability of about
fifth grade, on the average, even though he or she has completed nine years
of school. More than 30 percent of new enrollees cannot read or write.

Most enrollees have never slept between sheets, never shared a bedroom
with only one other. Some have never had electric lights. Almost all have
developed an acute resistance to conventional schooling.

what happens in Job Corps?

Youngsters enter a residential, educational, and work-skill training
program that is without parallel in American education. At the 124 Job
Corps centers, the program includes: individual tutoring and counseling,
both formal and informal; trained staff to supervise and help enrollees 24
hours a day and on weekends; special new self-instructional materials to
help enrollees move along at their own speed; modern equipment, donated
by business firms, to teach modern vocational skills.

For every 10 months spent in Job Corps, the average youngster gains one
and one-half grade levels in reading, and almost two grade levels in
mathematics. Similar gains are made in vocational training.

Job Corps members grow accustomed to early rising, to regular hours,
to daily exercise and sports. They learn how to get along with all kinds of
people—both in Job Corps, and outside. They develop good work habits
and a new sense of responsibility. They find direction, a “way to go.”

where do they go from Job Corps?

In its first three years, Job Corps has touched the lives of 165,000 young
people. Of the 124,000 who have gone through the program, 70 percent are
making constructive use of the education and training they received in
Job Corps. Over 69,000 have taken jobs, earning an average of $1.70 an
hour; 10,600 have gone back to school or on to college; and 8,800 are
serving in the armed forces.

Among the present employers of Job Corps trainees are Campbell Soup,
Western Electric, Chrysler, Ford, Avco, Lockheed, Sears, Honeywell,
General Electric, Liberty Mutual, United Air Lines, DuPont, Cessna Air-
craft, Continental Baking, Safeway, Burroughs, IBM, ITT, Consolidated
Edison, AMPEX, General Motors, Uni-Royal.


. Untitled/LARRY ANGEL/Honolulu, Hawaii/Vocation: Art
. Hieroglyphics/ARTHUR ARNOLD/Pacific Grove, California

; Vocation: Forestry
. Untitled/STUART ASHKANAZY/Miami, Florida

1. Vocation: Office Machine Repair
. Still Life/MYRA BARNETT/Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

} Vocation: Key Punch Operation
. Untitled/VINCENT CASCIO/Boston, Massachusetts

Vocation: Clerical Skills


These paintings are by-products of what many consider the most significant
function of Job Corps: setting free the individual's basic ability to learn. They are
by Corps members from all over the country, young men and women training for
many different kinds of jobs.

To become independent and responsible citizens in today’s society, Corps
members must first learn to understand and appreciate themselves and the
world about them. In Job Corps they have this chance through a broad spectrum
of learning experiences, including art. An elective activity, Job Corps’ art
program has helped develop bright new confidence in thousands of young people
by giving them their first sense of accomplishment. This exhibition is tangible
proof of what can happen when creative and learning capabilities are unlocked.

Sixteen of the private organizations which operate Job Corps centers under
contract to OEO have made this exhibition possible.

Miva: Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority
Aveo Corporation
Brunswick Corporation
Burroughs Corporation
Delta Education Corporation
General Learning Corporation
international Business Machines Corporation
international Telephone & Telegraph Corporation
Northern Natural Gas Company
Packard Bell Electronics Corporation
Philco-Ford Corporation
Radio Corporation of America
Training Corporation of America
U.S. Industries, Inc.
Westinghouse Electric Corporation
Xerox Corporation

contributions to the nation

Even while training, Job Corpsmen are contributing to national better-

In improving the Nation's forests, parks, and grasslands, they have per-
formed conservation work worth $38,000,000 to the Nation. Corpsmen have
built and maintained 4900 miles of roads, thousands of picnic tables,
fireplaces and parking spaces. They have developed and improved 76 miles
of fishing streams and 16,500 acres of fish and wildlife habitat. They have
planted 15,900 acres of trees and shrubs, and improved and reforested
12,800 acres of timber.

Forty-four young men at a Job Corps center near Oakland, Calif.,
all found jobs in the same company last week—as U.S. Army
paratroopers. The 44, nearly all from poor families, volunteered as a
unit, and have been assigned to a special platoon at Fort Lewis,
Wash., for basic training. Probably because of their stint at the Job
Corps center, they averaged several points higher than the norm on the
induction test. Without that added education, said Recruiting
Sergeant Darryl Adkins—himself a veteran paratrooper—only one
out of four might have qualified for the airborne elite.

—from TIME, November 3, 1967

In time of disaster and danger, Corpsmen have labored around the clock
—fighting fires, restoring flood-damaged areas, assisting in tornado clean-
up, and conducting search and rescue missions.

service to local communities

Corpsmen and women also volunteer their leisure time and services in
dozens of projects that benefit their host communities. They work with the
handicapped, sponsor Little League baseball teams, donate evening time
at homes for the aged. Some work with retarded youngsters, others shop for
elderly people of the neighborhood. Several women's centers operate
nursery schools for local children.


Corps members paint ambulances and community recreation centers,
construct wheelchair tables for paraplegics at veterans hospitals, build
furniture for youngsters enrolled in Heac Start,-collect and repair toys for
needy children.

All Job Corps centers contribute to such public causes as the March of
Dimes, the American Red Cross, United Fund, the Muscular Dystrophy
Association, United Cerebral Palsy, the Salvation Army.

contribution to public education

What Job Corps has learned about educating the school dropout is being
applied in public school systems across the Nation, with the aim of helping
to keep troubled youngsters in school as long as possible.

I have visited over 25 Fob Corps Centers and know the tremendous
value this program is to the under-privileged youth of our country. I
would like to personally help make this, their “last chance,” a
SUCCESS. —Archie Moore, former boxing champion

The interchange of teaching methods and materials between Job Corps
and the public schools began in the summer of 1966, when 21 teachers from
Seattle, Simi Valley (a Los Angeles suburb), Detroit, and Washington, D.C.,
took up year-long posts as staff members in four Job Corps conservation
centers. At year-end, the teachers returned to their school systems to
introduce Job Corps methods and materials in local classrooms.

During the 1967-68 school year, 17 teachers from 11 urban school systems
are teaching and learning in Job Corps centers.

how to help a Job Corps trainee get a job

If you are interested in employing a young man or woman trained by
Job Corps, or if you want to help one of these young people find a job and
hold on to it—write or call one of the seven Job Corps Regional Offices:

Office of Economic Opportunity
Great Lakes Region

623 South Wabash Avenue
Chicago, Illinois 60605
Telephone: (312) 353-4775

Office of Economic Opportunity
Southeast Region

730 Peachtree Street, N.E.
Atlanta, Georgia 30308
Telephone: (404) 526-3178

. Brothers/GEORGE FINK/Kirkland, Washington/Vocation: Art|
. Still Life/PAUL FLOYD/Decatur, Alabama/Vocation: Electronics

. Nature Print Vocation: Secretarial
. Free Form/RHONDA K. FRAME/Birch River, West Virginia | .
Vocation: Retail Sales
. Still Life/EDDY FRIZZELL/Kansas City, Missouri/Vocation: Auto Mechanics
. Still Life/ROSS FRYE/Washington, D.C./Vocation: Data Processing _
. Abstract/MAX GARCIA/Colorado Springs, Colorado/Vocation: Surveying
. Untitled/BETTY HALTON/Chicago, Illinois/Vocation: Offset Printing _
. Untitled/JAMES KENNEDY/Berkeley, California/Vocation: Clerical Skills
. Abstract/LESLEY LAREAU/Haleiwa, Hawaii/Vocation: Clerical Skills
. Guitar Player/ROBERT LINDSEY/Birmingham, Alabama :
Vocation: Auto Mechanics
. Prehistoric Birds/PAUL McCASKILL/Perrine, Florida/Vocation: Art
. Untitled/JAMES PARKS/Bluff City, Tennessee/ Vocation : Electronics
. Sand Casting/LOUISE PAUL/Williamsburg, Kentucky :
Vocation: Nursing Assistant

. Nature Patt FORREST/Baltimore, Maryland

. Canyon/INEZ CLAY/Justice, West Virginia/Vocation: Retail Sales
. Nature Print/NANCY CLAY/Justice, West Virginia/Vocation: Retail Sales
. Purple Fish/JAMES CRAWFORD/Leavenworth, Kansas *
Vocation: Food Preparation and Service
. Abstract/ALMA DANIELS/Seattle, Washington/Vocation: Data Processing
. Landscape/ROBERT DAVIS/Baltimore, Maryland
Vocation: Auto Mechanics
. Daughter of the Sun/BARBARA DEAN/Newark, New Jersey ‘
Vocation: Clerical Skills
. Landscape/RICHARD DUNBAR/Springfield, Ohio/Vocation: Clerical Skills
. Girl with Long Hair / Maurice Dupont/Seattle, Washington
. Untitled Vocation: Photography
. Abstract/RAUL ESTREMERA/San Juan, Puerto Rico ;
Vocation: Food Preparation and Service

Office of Economic Opportunity
Mid-Atlantic Region

1832 M Street, N.W.
Washington, D. C. 20506
Telephone: (202) 382-1235

Office of Economic Opportunity
Northeast Region

72 West 45th Street

New York, New York 10036
Telephone: (212) 573-6388

Office of Economic Opportunity
Southwest Region

314 West Eleventh Street
Austin, Texas 78701
Telephone: (512) GR 6-6411, Ext. 6384
Office of Economic Opportunity
North Central Region

215 West Pershing Road
Kansas City, Missouri 64108
Telephone: (816) 374-3661
Office of Economic Opportunity
Western Region

100 McAllister Street

San Francisco, California 94102
Telephone: (415) 556-8844

The Weber Basin and Clearfield Centers have expressed a willing-
ness to be of assistance and to participate in community events. Last
Thanksgiving there were more invitations to the boys than there

were boys to accept. —President, Greater Ogden (Utah)
Chamber of Commerce

I could have my Ph.D., and it wouldn't mean as much to me as
two months here. —Resident worker in a Job Corps Center

. Abstract/VELMA POWELL/Detroit, Michigan/Vocation: Secretarial
- Ink Print/PAULETTE PRENTICE/Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Vocation: Data Processing
. Christmas/BILLY ROBINSON/Little Rock, Arkansas/Vocation: Electronics
. Slums/EDWARD SANTIAGO/New York, New York
; Vocation: Medical Assistant
. Felt Design/JOE ANN SHORT/Phoenix, Arizona/Vocation: Cosmetology
. Abstract/BILLY SMITH/Berkeley, California/Vocation: Clerical Skills
. Pharaoh/RICARDO THOMAS/Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Vocation: Clerical Skills
. Free Form/JEANETTE TODD/Atlanta, Georgia/Vocation: Clerical Skills
. Untitled fOLIEFOBD van MILLER/Wilmington, Delaware .
. Untitled Vocation: Art
. Collage/JOHN WALULIK/Hollywood, California/Vocation: Auto Mechanics
. Dolmens/JAMES WOOLFORK/New Brunswick, New Jersey
Vocation: Clerical Skills
. Untitled/CLASS PROJECT /Parks Job Corps Center
Pleasanton, California

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