Box 5, Folder 2, Document 27

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Box 5, Folder 2, Document 27

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December 12, 1S68
The Second Annual Meeting of t he Housing Resources Committee
was held on Thursday, December 12, ~963, in Committee Room 2,
Second Floor, City Hall to review and discuss the work of the
Committee in the low-income housing program during the past two
years. November 15 mad;:ed the completion of the second year stnce
the Mayor established the Housing Resources Committee on
November 15, 1966, in his co·nference on Housing.
Copies of invitational notice, list of those invited, with
attendance indicated, and other related documents are attached to
the file copy of these minutes only.
Chairman Alexander opened the meeting at 10:30 a.m. and called
on Alderman Cotsa k is for a statement which he had asked to make.
Mr. Cots akis commented on revision of the Building Codes for
the City of Atlanta, particularly to allow experimental housing
to be built in the Model Cities area. He said that if any one
had any chnges of the Building Codes which they desired be made,
that they should bring proposals for specific changes to the attention
of the Building Committee.
Mr. Alexander then called on Malcolm Jones to eemment en
the aoeomplisbments of the Housing R~sources Committee.
Mr. Jones said that November 15, 1968, ma7ked the completion
ef the first two years' activity of tbe Housing Resources Committee
in i ts effort to promote and accelerftte the Low•income Housing
Progrem in Atlanta, for which the goal was 16 1 800 low and medium
income housing units during a five year period (1967-71), announced
by the Mayor in his Housing Conference eGtablishing the HRC on
November 15, 1966 .
He then stated that tho ftwo. yQar goal is now in the pipeline
and that the current status of the low and medium income housing
Pl!'Ogrem shows :
Under Construction
In Planning
In Sight
3 1 217 units
6,278 units
7 1 337 units
t8",2ffi units
This slightly exceeds (by 32 units) the 5 year geal of 16,800
units and is only 305 units short. in the first two categories, of
the aoticipated need for g,ooo units during the first two years of
the program.
He also stated that the Housing Resources Committee has
Promotion of low and medium income housing and
coordination of efforts in this field.
Establishment of the Greater Atlanta Housing
Development Corporation ·to assist local nonprofit housing corporations.
Acceptance by the Federal Government of use of
prefabricated re l ocateable units as temporary
relocation housing.
Expansion of the base f or Federal Grants and
direct Loans, now authorized in the 1968 I-Iousing
Urged early a doption by the City o f mi niature
Urban Re newal projec ts , t o c l e ar s lums, under the
new l y adopted Neighborhood Development Progra m
author i zed by the 196 8 Housing Act.
Urged revision of previous conventional pl3nning
concepts in an e ff ort t o get certain areas rezoned
to permit i mprovement o f such areas f or residontial
Urged the di~persal o f future Public Housing in
small developments on scat t ered sites.
Creation of interest in the l ow-income housing
program by nonprofit organizations and f ormation
of several such organizations.
Served as~ catalyst in neighborhood interest for
improvement of Vine City through Urb~n nenewal.
10 .
Propo sed and obtained concurrence o f the Board of
Education to draft legislation t o authorize
developers to build schoo ls simultaneous with development of housing projects, except in Urban Renewal
Participa ted in Atlanta Conference on Equal
Opportunity in Housing .
Worked with Model Cities ' staff in establishing
its reh~bilitation program and in site selection
for experimental housing.
~ointed out to City officials the necessity for the
principle that site selection for low-income housing
should include a planning function and responsibility.
Page 3
Mr. Jones then stated the six requests which were made to
the Planning and Development Committee and the Zoning Committee
in Special Meeting on August 2, 1968:
Asked the Mayor to designate either an existing
committee or appoint a new committee of the
Board of Aldermen to assume a responsibility in the
field of low-income housing.
Revision of the Building Codes for.the City of
Atlanta, particularly to allow experimental housing
to be built in the Model Cities area.
Revision of the Ordinance governing non-conforming
use of land to allow structural changes in improving
dwel l ing units to meet requirements of the Bousilg
Accelerate the urban renewal program p articularly
in the Nash-Bans, Vine Ci ty, and other areas outside
the Mode l Ci ties area.
Authorize the Atlanta h ousing Authority to request
2,00 0 additional units of p ublic housing.
Adop tion o f a revised district zoning map based on
the new La n d Us e map t o i nc l ude adequate areas f or
l ow-income hous ing.
Mr. Jones then pointed out r e su l ts to date of the above
indica ted req u ests.
Mr . Alexa nd er t hen c a l l ed on Mr . w. w. Ga t es , Consultant
to the Comm i t t e e , to d i scuss the Impl ica tions of the 1 968 Housing
Mr . Gat es o p ened b y st a ting t h at the Na tional Housing Ac t
was pass e d b y Co ngress on Aug u st 1 , 1965 , that t he legisl a t i o n
provides t he too ls J iincentiv e s and s ucces s in mee ting t he
n a t i o n~l objec tive will l ar ge depend o n :
Sponsor interest
Av ai l ab i lit y o f la nd at a rea s o nable p rice
The mo rtgage mo ne y marlrnt
Municipal coo peration
Fundin~ by the Congress in 1969
Building code and zoning restrictions
Mr. Gates then discussed four sections of the Act: Section
238, Section 231, Section 236 and Section 235.
Section 2 38: Establishes a new Special Risk Insurance
Fund which permits the Federal Housing Administration to assume
�Page 4
higher mortgage insurance risks in connection with both l ocation
and credit charachteristics that were unacceptable under the
mutual mortgage insurance fund.
Section 237 : Provides , on an experimental basis, FHA
mortgage insurance to finance home ow nership f or low income
families who would not q ualify under normal credit standards.
Section 236 : The tenant under this program will pay 25%
of his famil; c income and ~i!D will pay the difference between
the amount co l lected and the amount of the rent. Limited to
families whose incomes are not in excess of 135% of initial
admission levels of public housing.
Section 235 : This section places heavy emphasis on home
ownership and provides that if the purchaser of a new home or
a living unit in a condomimium will pay at least 20% of the
family's income and 9UD will pay the balance of the monthly
mortgage payments.
Mr. Gates closed his discussion by stating that "The
impact of this bill on housing shou ld be tremendous. The
tools are available as never before ."
Mr. Alexander then discussed Future Direction of the Committee.
He said that the Committee requests that the May or and Board
of Aldermen give consideration to these proposals and advise us
accordingly in a revised statement of mission for the Committee:
All bodies concerned with housing review the present
and continuing need for low income housing.
Eliminate existing slums and provide housing
as needed in the area for those who wish to
remain there.
Place housing near jobs and public facilities in
the City of Atlanta and throughout the metropolitan
Continue efforts to promote innovative low-income
housing construction in Atlanta.
Continue to aid efforts to eliminate social problems
connected with housing.
Further involve the business community in the housing
Assist nonprofit groups and developers in their efforts
to obtain land and construct housing.
Page 5
Promo te and explain the new general housing act and
the fair housing act .
Cons ider national and l ocal l 0gisla ti on usefull to
the h o using p rogram.
Assist in the stEbilization o°f existing neighborh oods
and encourage the construction of middle and upper
inc ome residenti al developments in the City o f Atl~nta.
Att e mpt t o involve persons in the s lums in the business
s ide o f demolit i on, r ehabilitati on or erecting new
u n its .
12 .
Cont i nue efforts t o sell the need f o r l ow-income
h o using to the p eople of metrop ol itan Atlanta .
Mr . Alexander then discussed Unfinished 3usineas. Some o f
the p h a ses o f tha initia l pr o g ram which are no t fi n is hed are :
Completion o f pr o jects now in pla nn ing.
Legislatio n pending that will allow the ci ty t o lease
schools t o be built by develo p ers simultaneously with
housing pro jec ts , except in urba n r enewal are as .
Invest i gation of pr o blem~ relating to cod e restrictions
o f innov ative buildi ng .
Activati on o f Board f or the Great er Atlanta Ho using
Development Corporatio n .
Obtaining of additiona l sites in areas where low-income
housing is needed .
Mr . Alexander made a closing statement thanking the staff ,
members o f the committee , Federal Agencies, Atlanta Housing
Autho rity , Planning Department , Building Department , Public Works
Department , members o f the Board o f Aldermen, Mayor Allen a nd the
members of the Press, Radio and TV Organizations for their
cooperation and assistance .
Mr. Al exander then called on Mr . Charles F . Palmer , member
of the Public a ousing P~nel of the Committee, to discuss a
Resolution the Pa nel had prepared.
Mr. Palmer stated that the only logical conclusion reached
is that (1) subsidized housing must be fairly distriduted
throughout the city a nd, (2 ) that the only politically feasible
way to do this is by a "pac kage deal" simultaneously presented
to Council by the Mayor and Atlanta Housing Authority with
�Page 6
overwhelming community support.
He stated that the opion of the sub-committee is that it is
not too late to resubmit those rejected zoning applications
through the "package plan" on a simultaneous basis to meet
the city's needs for subsidized .housing and that the Mayor,
the Board of Aldermen and the Atlanta Housing Authority should
proceed to do so forthwith.
Mr. Palmer then stated that if the same energy, zeal and
leadership of our "power -structure" and city officials that was
mobilized to build our dazzling stadium, luxury apartments and
magnificent hotels and office buildings in our urban redevelopment areas had been app lied to providing subsidized housing for
those who were bu l ldozed out of slums to make room for these
majestic structures, the goal of pub lic housing which our Mayor
proclaimed so long ago would now be nearly reached.
Then, as spok esman for the Ch airman of the Sub-Committee
on Public Housing and on the sub-committee's behalf, moved
that our full Committee does now reaffirm its position on
"package rezon i ng", and calls upon its fel l ow organizations
of the City and those responsible f~r its implementation to
cooperate to put it into effect.
The Resolution was duel seconded and the Chairman called
for discussion.
Mr . Al e xa nder then suggest ed that s i nc e t h is was included in
the requests made on Augusut 2, 1 968, to the Zoning Committee
and the Planning and Development Committee of the Boa r d o f
hldermen a nd had been r e f erred to t he Planning Depar t ment , the
Committ e e should f irst a ddress t he Pl a nn i ng Department a s to
curr ent s t a tus of t he proposa l.
Mr . Palmer dec lined the sugge st ion and asl~ed f o r a formal
vote on the motion to a dopt t he Res o lution . It was ad opted
unani mous ly .
Mr • .Alexander then s howed the Commit tee slides that were
taken of the slums as they exist today in certain areas of the
City , particularly Lightening , and as a contrast the new low-income
replacement housing devel opments such as : Wheat Street Gardens,
College Plaza, Allen Temple, McDaniel Street apartments for
the Elderly, Hollywood Road Project, Bankhead Highway, Friedship
Gardens, 'fhom~sville U. R. Project and the London Towne Houses.
Mr. William Howland then commented on the f ive houses in
Linwood Park which have been rehabilit11 t od by \..ACOR under the
221 (h) progr~m.
The Chairm~n then called on Mr. Dan Sweat, Director of
Governmental Liaison, for comments.
�Page 7
Mr, Sweat stated that the statistics released by Col. Jones
and the CommitteG were impressive and that the influence of the
Committee's success was not confined to Atlanta's housing program
alone but has also been f~lt at the national level and that housing
experts from over the country have commented on the Atlanta
approach and on the excellent program of the Housing Resources
He stated that hio :f..:- olini; is that the story behind the
statistics is where the real meaning of this Committee and the
Housing Pr ogram is to be found.
He said that the work of the
Committee has made 211 the city aware of the desperate need for
decent housing for the less fortunate, less affluent citizens of
At l anta; that it has helped bridge the gap of credit~bility bet ween
the City - the institution - the power structure and a very large
and important segment of our com~unity, and most important, this
p rogram started the Ci t y out on a new direction so long needed.
He stated that the Al dermen understood this need when they
refused to p ass Urban Renewal Survey and PlanniQs applications
until the housing relocation needs were met. The Mayor realized
the need when he cal l ed the Hous i n g Conference and established
this committee and it was obvious that the private business
leadership recognized it when, the members of the Housing Resources
Committee, responded as has been done.
Mr. Sweat then pointed out that t he resultant changes are
re f lected in a report given by n o ward Op enshaw, Director of
Redevelopment of the Housing huthority, at the last CACUR meeting.
Mr. Openshaw pointed out that o f the 10,033 units begun in
urban renew~l projects i n 1968 , 884 un its have been completed
which is 21 times the number of housing completed the previous
year in urban renewal areas. During the sane period, o nly 484
,units were demolished in urban renewal areas.
So, for the first
.time in the history of Atla n ta 's urban r enewal pr o gram, more
housing units were compl e ted in urban renew~l areas than were
Mr . Sweet concluded by saying, "We have finally turned the
corner in our urban redevelopment pr o gram and are headed in a
new direction so l ong s ought ."
Mr. Archer D . Smith , IIX , Chairman of the Legal Panel , made
a warning statement that we · are deluding o urselves if we take the
figur~s presented end quit working; that we have got to be realistic
and get behind the pa c ka ge zoning p lan .
Upon inquiry from the Chairman, Mr. J ones confirmed that sites
for all of the 7,337 units shown as In Pla nning, have not yet been
�Page 8
In reference t o the figures pertaining to Public Housing,
contained in the Summary of Status Repor t (Encl. 2, Second
Annual Report), attention is called to the fact that although
the 5,476 units shown as Completed, Under Construction and
In Planning categories, fall short by 4,100 units of the 5
year · goal, it is however within 110 units of the 2 year goal
of 5,586 Public Housing units announced . in the Mayor's Housing
Conference, November 15, 1966.
The meeting adjourned 11:30
Respectfully submitted,
11 ~~
.) '~ d,.1' t / 1/kl.(
. i'.A5vQ/
Malcolm D.
Housing Coordi ator
Resolu ti on b y :?ublic Housing Sub-Committee ·
Article, ., tl ant a Constit u t ion, December 13, 1968
Editorial, Atlanta Journal, December 14, 1968
Editorial, Atlanta Consti t ution, December 16, 1968
An Official Opinion of WSB-Radio/At lanta, Dec. 22, 1968
Edi t orial, WSB- 'l'V, January
Edi t oria l , WSB- TV, January 3, 196 9

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