Box 7, Folder 9, Document 4

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Box 7, Folder 9, Document 4

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No. 9

June 1968
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Published by The Urban Coalition

Federal Bar Building

1815 H St., N.W., Washington, D.C. 20006
Executive Committee-Sets Urgent Priorities
"We owe it to his
memory to end inaction • • •"
Tax Increase Supported
To Finance New Programs
The Executive Committee of the unincorporate d Urban
Coalition met on April 8, four days afte r the assassination of
Martin Luther King, Jr., and adopted a set of high-priority
legislative recommenda tions keyed to the national crisis.
Immediately following th e Executive Committee session,
Chairman John W . Gordner, accompanied by Andrew Heiskell and Whitney Young, J r., held a press confere nce to make
the actions public.
The Executive Committee placed the highest importance
on passage by the House of Representative s of the Civil
Rights Act of 1968, with fair housing provisions. The bill
passed the House by a vo te of 229 to 195 se veral days
later. It had pre viously passe d the Senate.
The propose d suppl emental appropriatio n for th e Office
of Economic Opportun ity a lso rece ived urg ent e ndorse me nt,
but was defeated in the House.
The Committee called a cross-the-board cuts of Fe d era l
expend itu res " irrc tional by d efinition and strong ly opposed
the m.
Expend itures should be raised
The Executive Committee o f th e unincorporate d
Urba n Coa li tion, mee ting on April 8, pre fac e d its
sta tement of urge nt leg islative goals with th is
tribute to Dr. Martin Luther Ki ng , Jr. :
"The Re vere nd Dr. Martin Luther King , Jr. is
no longe r among us to cha /1-enge ·o ur conscie nces
and to press us forwa rd toward fulfi llme nt of a

ust society. W e owe it to his memory and to o ur

socie ty fo e nd inactio n in the fa ce of urg ent
national nee d s.
" The le adership a nd organizations w hich work
togethe r as The Urb an Coalition mo urn the loss
of Dr. King as a courage ous national le ader and
as a m e mbe r of our Steering Committee. W e
here a nd now renew our pledge to p ursue act;on
at b oth the national and communify level appro priate in character a nd scale to the crisis confronting the na tion."
If Congress rise s to its re spo nsibil ities, the Committee
said, " it will incre a se, no t cut, ex penditures for esse ntial
program s such a s jobs, ho usi ng, e ducatio n, a nd community
se rvice s."
To finan ce such a program t he Committee urged the
adoption of a tax increase, " pending t he accomplishme nt
of the re orde ring of prio riti e s and the reorie ntation of our
reso urces in the lig ht of urban needs."
The committee reaffirmed Coalition support for a public
service em ployment program to create one million meaningful
jobs, and p ub lic and private ho using prog rams to produce
one mi ll ion units ann ually.
The ne w ly incorporated Urban Coa lition Action Coun cil
is a ctive ly seeking fulfi ll me nt of a ll these legislative o bjectives
(see page 2).
The Report of the Pre sid ent' s Advisory Commission o n
Civi l Disorders wa s stro ngly e nd o rsed , with t he p ledg e that
" The Urban Coa lition will g ive t he hig hest pri ority to bringing
it to the attention of leadership at a ll levels of both t he
p ublic and private sectors."
�Legisl ative O ut li ne d at Press Conference
The Urban Coalition ho s moved into new headquarters
1n th e Fed e ral Bar Building, 1815 H Street, N. W., Washington (20006). Main offices occupy the sixth floor of th e
building . The new telephone number is Area Code 202,
3 47-9630.

* *

A new booklet contain ing the major addresses given
a t th e Na ti onal Action Conference on Equal Housing Opportuniti e s in Chicago in January has been published by the
Urban Coalition Action Counc il and is available on request.

* *

Th e Steering Committee of The Urban Coalition and
the Policy Council of the Urban Coalition Action Council will
meet at !eparate sessions on June 10. The first meeting will
be gin at 7 p .m. in the Tudor Room of th e Shoreham Hotel.

Local Coalitions have no w been formed in 33 cities, and
several others hove e xpresse d act ive interest . The notional
Coalition is placing new e mphasis on assistanc e to the locals,
hopes 100 will be e stabl ishe d by th e end of th e year .


During the period of widespread unrest following the
Chairman John W . Gordner talks into o n array o f television and
radio mi cro p hones at press con feren ce co il ed to ex p ress u rg e nt leg is·
Action Council Is Created
To Carry Out Legislative Program
On April 8, 1968, with the appro val of the Executive
Committee, tw o separate and distinct corpo rations- The
Urban Coalition and the Urban Co alition Acti o n Coun cil
-were created to carry out t he objectives of the un incorporated, voluntary group previously kn o wn as t he
Urban Coalition.
The new OT9onization5 will operot ·n- complete ly
different areas. The Urban Coalition Action Council
will be concerned with legis lative activities, and The
Urban Coalition with non-legislative programs.
The purpose of creating this new corporate arrangement was to facilitate financing by making it possib le to
secure tax exempt status for the Coalition under Section
501 (c)(3) and for the Action Council under Section
501 (c)(4) of the Internal Revenue Code. These exemptio ns have now been secured. This means that contributions to the Coalition are tax deductible. Contributions
to the Action Council ore not.
John W. Gardner will be chairman and chief executive officer of both corporations. The Steeri ng Committee
of the former unincorporated Urban Coalition will serve
as the Steering Committee of the new Urban Coalition.
The some individuals, acting in separate and distinct
capacities, will serve as the Policy Council of the Action
lotiv e goof s. Also participating we re Steeri ng Comm ittee Me mb er
W hitney Young, Jr . (le ft ) and Co -Chairman An drew Heiskell .
Gardner Calls for Million
Public Jobs in Two Years
Chairman John ·w. Gardner oppe ore d b e fo re o Senate
Labor Subcommittee rec ently to urg e pro mp t approval of
a pu b lic se rvice e mploym e nt bill.
He gen e rally endo rsed S. 3063, the me asur e und er con sider_ati o n, :-hut no ted tho. its o.bjectiYe f o.ne_mi llion pub lic..
se rvic e jobs would not b e rea ched un til the thi rd yea r ofter
e na ctme nt.
"It seems to me ," G o rdne r sa id , " that this pace should b e
acce lerated so tha t 500,000 jobs a re mad e availabl e t he first
yea r and a tota l of o ne mi llion the seco nd yea r. We a re in
a peri od of great urge ncy a nd should stretch b o th o ur fiscal
and administrative capacity to the utm ost."
He cited a rece nt study mode for the Urban Coa liti on
which shows that at least 141,000 persons cou ld be employed
" almost overnight" in 130 cities with popu lations of o ver
100,000. Projecting the st udy to include smaller cities, loca l
governments and non-profit organizati o ns, he added, makes
it likely that jobs could be found for 500,000 persons within
six months.
All public service jobs, Gordner emphasized, should be
meaningful and socially useful-not dead-end, make-work
He said a public service employment program should
apply to rural as well as urban areas.
assassination of Dr. Mortin Luther King, President John son
called on the Urban Coalition to ploy o key role in efforts to
reduce tension . In response , Chairman Gordner wired the
officials of loco/ coalitions asking that they bring together
th e leadership cf the ir communities to e xam ine local tensions
and needs , and support the pending Civil Rights Act of 1968.


In re ce nt issu e s, th e Wall Street Journal, Business We ek ,
and Agenda Magaz ine hove carri e d in -depth articl es on th e
work of th e Coalition. Re pri nts o re a vailable from Coalition
he adquarters.
Publishers Contribute Part
Of Profits From Riot Report
Bantam Books and The Ne w Yo rk Times rece nt ly con tributed $10,000 fr om th e p rofits fr om the so le of the
Bantam ed ition of the Report O f The Na tiona l Ad viso ry
Commis!ion on Civi l Rights to th e Urban Coa liti o n. Prese nting th e che ck to Cha ir ma n John W . Go rd ner a re
Tom Wicke r (left) , W ash ingto n Bu re au C hief of the
_ Times, and Ba ntam Books Presi d ent Oscar Dyste l. Wicker
wrote a speci a l in tro d ucti o n fo r the book .
New Staff Members Join the Coalition
in recent week s ·severa l staff mem b e rs ha ve joinea
the Urba n Coalition and a re no w at work in th e new
he adquarters at 1815 H Street in Wa shing ton . They
includ e:
Sa rah Collins Ca re y, an a tto rney, serve d a s consulta nt to the Na tion a l Ad viso ry Com missi o n on Ci vil Disord ers an d wa s asso ciated with the Wash ington law fir m
of Arnold a nd Po rter. Mrs. Carey is a grad ua te of Rad cli ffe Coll ege a nd re ceived her law degree fr o m G eorgetown University .
Margaret Carroll, a graduate of Lawrence Co ll ege,
worked for the past seven years as a researcher, writer
and editor for the Congressional Quarterly News Service .
John Dean , former Regional Administrator of Office
Economic Opportunity programs in the Southeast, is a
aduate of Howard University in Washington, D. C.
Brian M. Duff, a former Washington correspondent,
ca me to the Coalitio n fr o m NASA, wh-e re he was Directo r
o f Special Eve nts in th e O ffice of Public Affairs. He is a
g raduate of the University of Michigan .
Herbe rt M. Franklin, former director of the Busine ss
and Devel opment Center of Urban America, Inc ., and
Deve lo p ment Admin istrato r of the city of Middletown,
Connecticut, is a graduate of Harvard College and
the Harvard Law School.
Peter Libassi, former special assistant to the Secretary
of HEW and director of that agency' s Office for Civil
Rights. Libossi is a graduate of Colgate University and
Yale Law School.
Richard S. Sha rpe, former Peace Corps Volunteer
serving in Ethiopia, was recently Research Assistant, Cen ter for Studies in Education and Development at Harvard. He is a graduate of Wesleyan University and the
John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard.
�Gardner on local coalitions
"No One Segment Can Solve the Probl e m Alon e"
Speaking at the Convention of the United Auto
Workers recently, Chairman John W. Gardner discussed
the importance of broadly based local coalitions, and
areas of activity at the local and national levels. The
following is an excerpt from his remarks:
"The need for collaboration is most dramatically
apparent in the cities themselves. No one leadership
segment can solve the problem alone . City Hall can't
go it alone. J he business communitYS_an't solve th E:._citi_s__
problems singlehand edly. All must collaborate.
" Because of this need at the local level, our national
organization set out immediately to form local coalitions.
We now have 33 and we hope to have 100 by year's
end . As in the case of the national, each local organization includes representative s from a variety of leadership segments in the community-the mayor, business,
labor, minority groups and religion .
"Now I still encounter le ading citizens who say,
'Why try to get all those people into the act? Why
don't a few of us g e t togethe r qui etly, and try to solve
some of these problems?'
" It's a reasonable sugg e stion, but hope lessly oldfashioned. It won 't work for long in any modern city.
We won 't re -establish stability in our cities until all
significant lead e rship e le men ts g e t tog eth e r, until we
bring into the same conversation all the peopl e who
exercise significant powe r- or veto powe r- in the community.
"This includes ghetto le ad e rship. Nothing is more
important to stability in the citi e s than the cre ation of

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open , continuous and understanding communication between wh ite and black communities. This must be a
prime task of any coalition.
" Such communication is not easy. It requires hard
work and patience and imagination on the part of every
" person involved . But it is necessary. Indeed, there is
no alternative, unless we are willing to see our cities
torn apart.
We Must W ork _ aJ All Leve l!.__
"At both national and local levels the Urban
Coalition will work toward the solution of our urban
problems. We will be concerned with unemployment,
housing, education, race relations and many of the other
problems that plague the cities today. We will try to
make the public aware of those problems. We will try
to bring the nation's best talent to bear on them . We
will support constructive efforts to solve them.
" We will seek to supplement and not supplant other
efforts. We consider every organization constructively
engaged in these matters to be an ally and we will hope
to work with them and strengthen them where possible.
"The purpose of the coalition is to enable all of the
segments of our national life, represented by those various leaders, to act together toward solutions to the urban
crisis .
" I would e mphasize the importance of the coalition
principl e . The woods are full of spe cialize d organizations inte reste d in the urban crisis. Our distinction is
that we bring together le ad ership el e ments t hat do not
normally collaborate in the solution of public probl e ms ."
- - - -BULK RATE
Washington, 0.C.
PE RM IT 43234

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