Box 7, Folder 10, Document 12

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Box 7, Folder 10, Document 12

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House Will Act Soon on Bill
Continuing Urban School Aid
A bill extending for five
years the most important federal
program for urban schools -- the
Elementary and Secondary Education
Act -- is ready for debate in the
House. ·The Education and Labor
Committee of the House approved
the bill (HR 514) March 18.
The cities look to Title I of
the Act for money to support compensatory programs for their disadvantaged children. Title I distributes federal appropriations
directly to school districts that
have large numbers of children
from low-income families, urban
and rural.
In reporting the bill to the
House the Education Committee over
rode the request of HEW Secretary
Robert H. Finch for only a twoyear extension of the Act. He
said the Nixon Administration
needed time to study proposed
changes in the Act and in the
meantime, a two-year extension
through June 1972 would provide
adequate continuity for present
programs. Most committee Republicans supported Finch's request
and promised to fight the fiveyear extension when the bill is
debated in the House.
Two changes affecting urban
schools were recommended by the
committee. One would make about
$ 300 million more a yea r available
to school districts in which there
is considerable public housing.
The other amendment calls for participation by pa r ents and communi ty groups in the planning of Title
I school projects.
I nad equate Fund ing
Throu ghout the commit tee
hearings on HR 514, the bi ll ' s
spons o r, Commi t t e e Cha irman Car l
D. Perkins (D Ky.), pointed out
the n eed f o r l arge r a p p r o pri a t ions
for Title I of the Act . Hi s c omContinue d on Pa g e 2
ACTION COUNCIL
LETTER
LEGISLATIVE BULLETIN OF THE
URBAN COALITION ACTION COUNCIL
March 25, 1969 -- Vol. I, No. 3
States Hold Back Anti-Crime
Funds from Cities, Report Says
Where are crime problems the
most serious? Under the Omnibus
Crime Control Act of 1968, American Samoa gets $3.54 per capita
and Vermont 31¢ per capita, while
New York and California receive 7¢
per citizen. Similarly, a rural
Georgia county gets 14¢ per capita
while the metropolitan Atlanta region receives less than 3¢.
These are figures produced in
a study of the Crime Control Act
in operation, released by the National League of Cities March 18.
When Cong r e ss pass e d the Ac t
last year, it directed that most
of the funds go to the states in
block grants, to be distributed
according to plans drawn up by a
state agency. Urban groups urged
in vain that most of the money go
directl y to the 370 cities with
population ove r 50 , 000 , where
c r ime is t he most prev ale n t .
The League of Cities r epo rt
say s that i n s t ead of focu s ing dollars on t h e prob l e ms o f crime i n
the s t reets , pla nn i ng f u nd s a r e
thi n l y spread a mo n g r ural a nd urb a n a r eas and "di ss ipated" among
t hre e levels o f b u r e aucr a cy.
The Action Council Letter reports legislative developments 1n the urban field . It is published by the Urban Coa lition
Action Council, which seeks needed urban legislation .
�Continued from Page 1
mittee is responsible for authorizing the education programs, but
the amount of money that actually
goes out to the schools is determined primarily by the separate
Appropriations Committees of the
House and Senate.
Under the present law about
$2.5 billion a year is authorized
for Title I grants but Congress
has appropriated only $1.1 billion.
In fact, last year's appropriation
was $68 million less than the previous year's, while the number of
children eligible for the programs
was increasing, and so were education costs.
Rep. Perkins has pointe d out
that in the f irst three years of
Title I, the appropriations per
child have decreased from $210 to
$170. Some school superintendents
told the House committee that an
effective, comprehensive program
for disadvantaged children would
need $600 per child.
A new federal program to
help local school districts prevent teenagers from dropping out
of school has proved popular.
In fact, 356 proposals h ave been
submitted t o the Off ice o f Education, of which only 5 can be
funded.
There is $30 million authorized for drop-out prevention programs, but Congress has
appropriated only $5 million.
The f unds will be granted for
innovative plans that show unusual promise of success in pre venting drop-outs.
The budget submitted by
Pres ident Johnson before leaving office proposes $24 million
for the program in the nex t fiscal year. The 356 proposals
submitted to the Office of Education would cost $68 million.
HEW estimates that of
children who entered 9th grade
in 1967, 23%, or 900,000, will
drop out before graduating from
high school.
Rep. Ca rl D. Perkins (D Ky.) and his Education and La_bor
Comm ittee are moving ahead with elementary educat ion,
school lunch and poverty leg islation.
Bill to Improve School Lunch
Program Is Passed
by
House
For the second year in a row,
the House is trying to increase
the number of needy children who
get free or reduced-price lunches
through the school lunch program .
As it did last year, the House
passed without opposition March 20
a bill (HR 515) to require all
states to put some of their tax
money into school lunches . Presently, some states contribute
nothing to the program, requiring
the children and local schools to
put up all of the money needed to
match federal funds on a 3 to 1
basis.
Last year, spurred by publication of a report by the private
Committee on School Lunch Participation showing that less than 2
million of some 6 million needy
school children got reduced - price
lunches (see chart), the House
�Free School Lunches
Free lunches I
( doily a ve rage)
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida
Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Ka nsas
Kentuck.y
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana 3
Neb raska
Neva da
New Hampshire
Ne w Je rsey
New Me xico
New York
North Caroli na
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Ore gon
Pe nnsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyomi ng
Total
77,000
7,000
25,423
70,2 13
0
13,533
4 ,9 14
2, 180
16,759
117,550
107,847
4 ,752
1,880
29,285
15,939
8,656
8,564
80,00
69,260
6 ,480
10 ,294
24 ,911
60,000
10,000
34 ,671
30,000
(3)
Needy childre n 2
not rece iving
free lu nch
165,5 22
976
39,348
146,219
0
51 ,833
34, 129
4,368
0
105,249
230,273
9,583
12,764
230,757
134,061
113,650
85,640
__2-_Ql , 9 45
13 1,830
38,520
44,711
52,581
129,900
124 ,111
220 ,232
95,159
'(3)
8, 180
1,750
3,245
7,010
32,432
400,000
163,607
3, 185
33,486
25,000
3 ,61 4
8 ,781
3,488
117,38 2
7,200
71 ,100
88,000
14,641
2,600
6 ,787
10 ,000
30,525
11 ,000
752
54,456
4,750
4 ,969
52,835
30,281
200,000
324,068
22,901
9 1,571
72,779
42,714
247,491
16,886
179, 174
25,656
154, 129
3 15,2 16
3 ,559
12,696
182,213
40,000
72,547
11 4,922
5,3 17
1,890,876
4,674,491
I Numb er of free or reduci'd· price lu nches.
2 Need., chddren were those of O#"·" 5 to 17. from hnm e.-. wit h les,fi than °J.000
annual 111com P.
.1 No figure" were a vailable from stal e ,o;chool lunc·h authnrit1 e.-.. whn !;upplied
information for the surney. Howet:er, a citiuns Committee on School lunch
Partici{XJt1011 April 16 r eport Pd that M ontana had J6.9iH ...dwnl-aJ.fP ch ildren
from familie.,; earnin,: $2,()(J() a \'ear or r P<·eiuinµ welfare aid. f Jnl ,· 6, /60 reu•if.Jed
free or redu<.·ed -pr,ce lunch e.-.
SOURCE : House Education a nd Labor Committee
survey (H Rept 1590), June 26 , 1968 .
passed a bill similar to HR 515.
More importan tly, the House
also passed a bi ll to add $ 1 00 million a year for meals for nee dy
ch i ldr en. The Senate p a ssed neit her bill, but it d id agree t o
app r o priate an extr a $ 45 million
for free lunches.
This year, the House Educat i on and Labor Commi ttee, which
sen t HR 51 5 to the House floor ,
a l s o expec ts to approv e a gain the
$ 100 mi ll ion free -lunch bill (HR
51 6). Wh a t wi ll b e d o ne by t he
Senate Agriculture Committee,
which h as jurisdiction over the
schoo l lun ch pro gram, remains to
be seen.
Congressional Hearings
Poverty -- The House Educ atio n and Labor Commi ttee has begun hearings on the Office of
Economic Opportunity and its antipoverty programs. Chairman Carl
D. Perkins (D Ky. ) has introduced
HR 513, to extend the programs f o r
five years and authorize $ 2,18 0 ,
0 00,000 for the m in the fiscal
y ear that begins July 1 . For the
c u rre nt y ear Congress a ppropriate d
$1 ,9 4 8,000,000.
Ho s pitals -- Hearings on the
Hill -Burton Act , held by the Publ ic Hea lth Subcommittee of the
House I nter state a nd Fo re i gn Commerce Committee, are b egin ning .
Two main bills are b e fo re the Sub c ommittee . HR 6797, introduced by
Committee Chairman Ha r ley O. Staggers (D W.Va. ) , propo ses ma j or i nc reas e s in fund s f or h ospital con-
�struction and modernization, with
priority to be given, in part, to
outpatient facilities in low-income metropolitan areas. The other bill, HR 7059, sponsored by
high-ranking members of the Health
Subcommittee, authorizes less
money than Staggers' bill and does
not single out urban medical
needs.
Medicaid, WIN Regulations
Chairman Russell B. Long (D La.)
of the Senate Finance Committee
has said his committee intends to
take "a good hard look" at regulations issued in January concerning Medicaid, welfare eligibility,
the work incentive program (WIN)
and others. Some of these, Long
said, "run counter to Congressional intent."
No plans for hearings have
been announced. The regulations
were issued by the Administrator
of HEW's Social and Rehabilitation
Serv ice, Mary E. Switzer. Long
made his statement in introducing
a bill to make the ne x t Administrator's appointment subject to
confirmation by the Senat e . The
Senate passed the bill (S 1022)
March 4 and sent it to the House
Ways and Means Committee.
Minority Business Enterprise
Coordination Is Estab lished
President Nixon signed an
e x ecutive order March 5 that
established an Office of Minority
Business Enterprise in the Department of Commerce.
The office is to stimulate
business ownership by minority
groups and coordinate -- but not
take over -- existing government
programs. Secretary of Commerce
Maurice H. Stans estimated there
were 116 programs in 20 government agencies concerned in one way
or another with helping minority
enterprise.
Directors of the new office
were named March 13. The director
is Thomas F. Roeser, who has been
director of public affairs for the
Quaker Oats Co. and before that,
press secretary for Rep. Albert H.
Quie (R Minn.). The deputy director is Abraham S. Venable, a graduate of Howard University and
formerly a conciliation specialist
in black-white relations for the
Community Relations Service, which
was a Commerce Department agency
until moved to the Justice Department.
In announcing the new office,
Hearings Available
-President Ni xon said: "Black,
Congressional hearings on
Mex ican-American, Puerto Ricans ,
t wo subjects of growing importance
Indians and others must be increasingly encouraged to ente r the
i n the urba n field -- income main~e na~ce ~nd the r ol e of financial
field of business , both in the
institu tions -:-=--w_ere _held-l at.e- in ---~ re as-whe-re they now l i v e- a nd i.n
the last session of Con g r ess .
the larger commercial community -Summar ies of these hea r ings , a s
and not only as workers but also
well as the Action Council ' s pamas managers and owne r s "
ph let briefly rev iewing Urban Af ·
1
fa i rs Legislation i n the 90th
The Urban Coalition Action Counci l
Co ngre s s , a r e a v a ilable without
charge to anyone who wi shes to
1819 H St., N.W.
write f o r t h em t o the Ac t ion
Washingto n, D.C. 20006
Counci l .
Tel : 202 293-1 530
The s umma r iz e d h e arings are:
Chairman : Jahn W. Gardn er
Financial Institution s and
Co-Cha irmen , An drew Heiskel l
A. Phil ip Ra nd olph
the Urban Cri s i s . He arin gs by the
Exec utive Di re ctor , Lo we ll R. Beck
Senate Banking and Curr e ncy ComLegis lative Assoc iates: Joh n P. Lagomarcino
Ro nald J . James
mittee.
Assi stant for Legis lat ive Information ,
Income Mainte nanc e . He a rings ·
Georgianna F. Rathbun
by the Joint Economic Committee.
~
31

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