Box 7, Folder 12, Document 1

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Box 7, Folder 12, Document 1

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December 1969
The Urban Coalition Calls For
Health Care Reforms
The Urban Coalitibn has called for a combination of national and community action to bring
about sweeping medical reforms, aimed at improving health care for all Americans, particufarly those in the cities.
In a comprehensive 76-page repqrt prepa red
by its health task force , the Coalition maintained'
that while the United States spends a bigger
proportion of its gross national p,roduct on
health than any other country, its health services are inadequate. The report , Rx for Action,
was prepared under the direction of Dr. George
A. Silver, the Coalition's Executive Associate
for Health.
According to the report, Americans spend
more than $53 billion a nnua lly on a "potpourri"
of public and private hea lth programs. If these
fund s were spent more efficiently, the report
Dr. George A. Silver, Coa1ition Executive Associate f or
Health; John W. Gardner, Urban Coalition Chairman; and
Dr. Roger 0 . Egeberg, A ssistant Secretary for Health and
Scientific Affairs of HEW at p ress conference to announce
Rxjor Action.
concluded , many more people would be ·ser'ved
and better services could be assured for all.
Poor health affects all Americans, regardless
of income, the report said. Not only· the poor,
but middle income families, blue collar workers,
welfare mothers, and all city residents- black,
white and brown - suffer fI:.Q_m substandard
health care.
Community action, according to the Coalition,
can generate more immediate i,mprovement for
its citizens than almost any national effort.
Local successes would also stimulate needed
national reforms.
The repo ; t urged the local urban coalitions
that have been formed in nearly 50 cities to
establish their own health task forces . But the
Coalition emphasized that the study's findings
and recommendations could be used in whole or
in part by any local community organization concerned with.the quality of health care.
These would include local chambers of commerce , labor and religious groups, local bus-
�inessmen and women's organizations. The same
consultant and technical assistance services
that the national Coalition intends to make available to its local health task forces would be
available to ,these groups . The Urban Coalition
will consult with the major voluntary health organizations to obtain their cooperation.
The Coalition also plans to meet in a series
of regional health conferences with local coalitions and other groups.
The report decried the lack of participation
of the poor and the non-poor in health services
planning and said that no serious effort had yet
been taken to train individuals outside of professional groups in this area.
"In both the Jong and short runs," the report
stated, "advances in the health field depe.nd on
the will of the.American people."
· The study emphasized that the "middle-class
white community has been too infrequently represented in hospital board membership and in
public health bodies, or even on the boards . of
voluntary agencies."
It said that the poor, specifically blacks,
Mexican-Americans and Puerto Ricans, had
been left out of the decision-making process.
The Coalition urged more representation from
these people on hospital boards, health and
welfare councils, insurance bodies and public
health advisory councils.
Following are some of the prindpal findings
and recommendations of the report:
Malnutrition: With estimates placing the
yearly cost of the consequences of malnutrition to the economy at substantially more than
the $3-4 billion needed to eliminate hunger,
coalitions should work to make more of the
proper food more readily available to the public.
Environment: The well-being of the urban
poor is being directly threatened by bad housing and air and water pollution. Citizens groups
should be formed to educate the poor on such
basic matters as housing and health code requirements, their legal rights to services, safety
practices and rat and vermin control.
Access to Facilities: More local money is
essential to help meet the need of the many
communities for more health facilities. Transportation systems and emergency ambulance
services could be studied to see if they are
geared to the needs of the poor.
Interpreters: Interpreters could be used in
clinics and information centers for Spanishspeaking people.
Occupational Health Clinics: Hospital boards
could arrange for the development of occupa2
tional health clinics to serve local industry and
provide advice for health and safety programs
for working people from the local community.
Manpower Deficiencies: Through the system
of routine volunteer assignments, medical societies could undertake· to supply doctors in
areas where sufficient numbers are not -available. Sub-professionals could be trained to handle many of the duties involved in health care.
The Coalition's study emphasized that many
local programs could be immediately launched
without waiting for action by the Federal government. But it also pointed out that effective
local action will always have to be supplemented
and strengthened by effective Federal action.
The report called for a national system of
financing medical care costs that . will give
e~ery American access to services without any
economic barrier.
Dr. Roger 0 . Egeberg, who is the Assistant
Secretary for Health and Scientific Affairs, commented on the Coalition's recommendations.
He said: "The country should be grateful to the
Urban Coalition for this type of analysis of the
nation's health needs, and planning for the nation's health services.
"The Coalition's proposal recognizes that
solving the medical needs of America is not
the job of the Federal government al~ne, but
also requires effort and change by everyone."
In compiling its Rx for Action the health task
force of the Urban Coalition has laid down a
battle plan for the war against poo r health care
in the United States.
Copies are available from the Urban Coalition, 2100 M Street, N . W., Washington, D.C.
20037.
New Members Added to
Coalition Steering Committee
Fourteen new mem bers have been added to the
Steering Committee of the Urban Coalition. The
new additions to the Coa lition's policy-making
bod y include businessmen, mayors, a state senator a nd a physician.
T he new members anno.unced by Urban Coalition Chairman John W. Gardner are:
State Senator Joe J. Bernal of San Antonio,
Texas. Senator Bernal, an educator and social
worker as well as a legislator, is executive director of the Guadalupe Community Center in
San Antonio.
Mayor Frank Curran of San Diego, California. Mayor Curran is president of the National League of Cities.
�r
Hector P. Garcia, M.D., a Corpus Christi,'
Mayor Jack D . Maltester of San Leandro , CalTexas physician and a former commissioner of
ifornia. Maltester is a lso president of the U.S .
the U. S. Civil Rights Commission.
Conference of Mayors.
'
Ben W. _Heineman of Chicago, president of
James Roche, chairman of the board of Gen~
Northw.est Industries Inc. Heineman is chafrman
era! Motors Corp., and member of the board of
of the President's Commission on Income Maintrustees of the New Detroit Committee, an urban
tenance.
coalition.
Samuel C. Johnson, president ofS. C. Johnson
H. I. Romnes, chairman of the board of ;\ T & T ,
& Son lrrc. and president of the Racine EnvironNew York. Romnes is a lso vice-chairman of•the
ment Commitee, a local urban coalition.
Nati-onal
Industrial Conference Board and is a.
,
Mayo r Eric Jonsso n of Dallas.
member of the Urban Coalition's task force on
Stephen F. Keating, president of Honeywell , ed°i.ication.
Inc., and former chairman of the Mi nneapolis
Martin Stone, president of Monogram Industries Inc. and chairman of the Los Ange les UrUrban Coalition.
ba n Coalition.
·





Donald M. Kendall, president of Pepsico, Inc. ,
and chairman of the Na tional A llia nce of Busi- · , Mr. Gardne r said the Urban Coalition adds to
the Steering Committee periodically to ass ure
nessmen, New York.
Mayor Richard Lugar of Indianapolis.
broad and dynamic representaJio n from the CoDonald S. MacNaughton, president of Pruden- alition's constituent elements- local government, !Susiness, labor, minority gro up s and retial Ins ura nce Co. and former cha~rman of the
ligion.
Newark Urban Coalition.
M. Carl Holman, vice-president of the Urban Coalition/or
Policy and Program Development; Peter libassi, Coalition.
executive vice-president; and Nicho /asdeB. Katzenbach,
former U.S. Attorney General and chairman of the Coalition 's
· law and government task/orce discuss new approac_hes to
the reform of the criminaljustice system spelled out in the
Coalition's report Taking the Blindfold off Justice.
3
�Urban Coalition Action Council
Supports Welfare Reform
I
"The time has come to discard the existing
patchwork of ineffective and in many ways de"'
structive public assistance programs. You have
the opportunity to replace them with a national
system of income maintenance that will help
people to help themselves but preserve individual dignity in aiding those left behind by
society."
With these words, John W. Gardner, Chairman 9f the Urban Coalition Action Council, began his testimony last month before the House
Ways and Means Committee, which is considering President Ni_x on's p_roposal~ to reform the
nation's public assistance programs.
At the same time, Mr. Gardner said the Urban
Coalition and the Urban Coalition Action Council will give ,the issue top priority for the
months ahead. "It is of the highest importance," he said, "that such lingering myths as
the one that the poor in America are people
who don't want to work-able-bodied loafersbe erased and that our public assistance programs be overhauled."
In his congressional testimony, Mr. Gardner
_ termed the Administration's reform proposals
"extremely important and on the whole well
designed," but suggested strengthening them at
several crucial points.
"If the proposals are accepted," he said, "the
Federal government will for the first ti;;e in
history accept responsibility for providing a
minimum level of payment throughout the nation
and for financing it. J would have been very
proud had I been able to establish that principle
during my tenure as Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare. It is an historic step."
Mr. Gardner also praised the proposals for
their emphasis on children, their work incentive
features and their greatly broadened coverage.
"Of special significance," he said, "is the
inclusion of the working poor for the first time.
The complete omission of the working poor is
surely one of the strangest anomalies of the
present system. A society which values work
should surely make some provision for the six
million adults who work full-time, year-round,
and yet cannot earn enough to bring themselves
above the poverty line."
"The strengths of the President's proposals,"
he said, "could lead us on to an immeasurably
sounder and more equitable system of income
maintenance. But if the promise of the propo4
sals is to be realized, they m_u st be strengthened at a number of points," among them:
I. Provision should be made for "a nationwide increase in benefits to the poverty level
over a specified period of time," with the $1,600
floor proposed by the }>_resident serving as a
starting point for a phased program.
2. "Adequate provision should be made for
'one-stop' administration of the proposed Federal-state system."
.
3. While "the improved benefits for the aged,
disabled and blind are a welcome step," Mr.
Gardner's statement said, "it may be that
our ultimate goal should be a single income
maintenance system which provi_des for uniform
adequate assistance for all of our impoverished citizens, including ne~dy individuals and
couples without children."
4. "Given the elasticity of its tax base; and
the economies of scale and efficiency offered
by Federal administration, a shift of the welfare
burden to the Federal government is clearly
one means of res~lving the fiscal dilemmas of
state and local government."
5.
The work requirement provisions of the
legislation "should specify job standards and
wage rates for 'suitable employment.'"
Finally, he said, "I would emphasize that
there must be provisions for job creation, so
that the training opportunities won't be a revolvingdoor into continued unemployment. The
ideal solution is a public service employment
program."
While Mr. Gardner praised the work requirement proposals, he made it clear that there are
limits to what can be expected of it.
"Many Americans sincerely believe that
people living in poverty are people who don't
want to work- or people who don't want steady
work," he said. "In other words, able-bodied
loafers. That is a long way from the truth. Of
the 25 million persons living below the poverty
line, 15 million are either under J8·or over 65."
"Of the remaining IO million, nine million
fall within the scope of the Administration's
family assistance proposals (as being adults
in poor families that include children).
"Let us look at that nine million. The Administration estimates that 7.9 million are already
working, but earn too little to bring them above
the poverty level, or are the wives of uch men,
or are disabled , or are women who mu t stay
home because of very young children.
"That leaves I.I million adults who the Administration feels can significantly help themselves and would thus be required to register
�for jobs or work training-600,000 men and
500,000 mothe rs of school-aged children."
Mr. Gardner also emphasized that "no welfare program can cure underlying conditions."
"Th€ poverty that makes a public assistance
program necessary," he said, "is rooted in a
variety of historical and contemporary' conditions; discrimination, the pathology of the urban
and rural slum, inadequate education, insufficient job opportunities in the locality, low pay
in jobs not covered by the minimum wage, inadequate social insurance benefits, inadequate
provisions for" manpower training and so on."
If we are to get to the root of the problem
we shall have to do so through education, health
and nutrition programs, the -creation of job
opportunities, the elimination of slum conditions and similar measures."
Mr. Gardner's testimony, delivered by Ambassador George McGhee, special representative of the chairman, elaborated on the position
taken i~ late June by the full Policy Council
of the Orban Coalition Action Council.
Copies of Mr. Gardner's testimony and of the
Action Council booklet on welfare reform Toward A Full Opportunity" are available from
the Urban Coalition Action Council, 2100 . M
Street, N. W.,Washington, D. C. 20037.
Coalition Begins Probe
of Credit Practices toLow Income Consumers
A preliminary study which examines efforts by
commercial banks, credit unions and retailers
- to make credit available to fqw-income consumers,· has been made p~blic by the national
Urban Coalition. · The study, entitled, "Consumer Credit and the Low Income Consumer,"
was prepared after more than five months _of
field and research work by William G. Kaye
& ·Associates, consultants in the area of consumer affairs.
.
A major finding showed that the poor can and
do pay their bills. "The low-income consumer
may at times encounter som<:: difficulty in paying bills when due, but in the end, his perform_ance in paying his full obligation is nearly as
good as his more affluent suburban counterpart," the report said .
The 105-page study formed the basis of a
November meeting called by the Coalition to
look at models that may be successful in extending credit to the poor. The meeting was
chaired by Edward C. Sylvester, Jr. , former
Assistant Secretary. in Community and Field
Services, Department of Health, Education and
On a recent visit to the Greater
Miami Urban Coalition, Chairman
John Gardner met with Coalition leaders.
He is shown here visiting with some
of the m inority representatives of
the Miami Coalition.
5
/
�Welfare, and attended by approximately 100 vided by David M. Thompson, Assistant to the
leaders from retailing, the poor, Federal agen- Chairman; Douglas Lawson, Financial Developcies and the White House, banks, organized ment Officer; and Walker Williams, Associate
ljtbor, social action groups, lawyers and con- Financial Development Officer.
sumer and credit organizations. ·
T he report ~ill be further considered at a
series of regional meetings, the first of which Newark Love Festival
took place in Minneapolis, December 7-8.
Mr. Kaye, former executi; e director of the Salutes "The Summer Thing"
President's Committee on Consumer Interests,
stated that "Hopefully, this report-in addition Through efforts of the Greater Newark Urban
to increasing the availability of low-income"' Coalition, New Jersey's largest city had a Love
credit-wiU shec;I some light on the realities and Festival on October 5th . . A video tape replay
mytho logies about the performance of the low- of the event was shown on an hour-long, primeincome person in seeking, utilizing arid repay- time, NBC national telecast on November 14th.
ing consumer loans and other forms of conBased on a series of free , outdoor concerts
sume r credit."
first given in Harlem, the Love festiv_al was
brought to Newark by WNBC-TV, which se. cured the help of the Harlem Festival producer,
Local Coalitions Get
Tony Lawrence. The Love Festival was WNBC's
way of honoring Newark's Recreation Planning
Fund-Raising Guidelines
Council, better hown as The Sum mer T/:zing.
Fund-raising guidelines will be the subject of
The Newark Love Festival turned out to be
two national Urban Coalition conferences for quite an autumn event. It turned on as one of
local coalition chairmen, fund-raising chair- the largest happenings in the city's 302-year
history. Between 70,000 and I0G,000 "beautimen and executive directors.
At these how-to-do-it" sessions members ful, beautiful people" attended.
Not a single incident marred the massive
of the national Coalition's Financial Deve lopment Advisory Council and- other experts will outdoor spectacular held in Newark's Weequashare their expertise in raising 01oney-a vital hic Park. For six hours, rock bands, folk and
ingredient behind any successful coalition pro- soul singers, comedians and mod entertainers
gram-with loca l leaders.
gave performances. Twenty thousand phonoT he first conference, to be held in Philadel- graph records_were given away. WNBC said the
phia in December, is for coalitions in the north- Love Festival was "a major community relaeast and southeast regions. The other is planned tions project."
for January for coalitfon representatives from
The community effort grew out of Newark Cothe mid west and west.
alition pres ident Gustav Heningburg's plea to
Co nference speakers will highlight the keys to New York television stations, just LO miles
successful fund-raising: identifying community away, to devote ome coverage to ewark's
leaders; de veloping a "case"; organizi ng vol- brighter side. The city had received con iderunteers for fund-raising, and the "nuts and a ble adverse publicity since the 1967 riot. In
bolts" of solicitation.
response, WNBC-TV Channel 4, a ked HeningBased on these guidelines, workshops will burg to suggest an activity worth televi ing that
enable coalition representatives to pinpoint might offset coverage of ewark's problems.
areas for further guidance and to exchange Heningburg's recommendation wa the R creaexperiences .
tion Planning Council or The Summer Thing. a
The 29-member Financial Development Ad- program which involves ghetto youth in recreavisory Council comprises to·p financial devel- tiona l opportunities.
opment officers from colleges and universities
The Summer Thing was born in late May as
across the country. One of its primary roles is Newark looked toward another long hot summer
to counsel local coalitions in organizing suc- with little in the way of programs to offer outcessful fund-raising programs. Thus far Coun- of-school, inner-city youth.
cil members have individually advised coaliSupported by the Newark Coalition's Steering
tions in 13 cities.
Committee, Heningburg put together a prestiCoalition staff support for the Advisory Coun- gious, five-man, voluntary group of co-chaircil -and national fund-raising . efforts 1s pro- men. It included both deputy mayors, Paul
6
�l
r
Reilly and Lewis Perkins. The re_presentative participation of social agencies "was a joy to
of business and industry was Al DeRogatis, a -: behold,"stated Heningburg. Medical sch00! inPrudential Insurance Company vice president te.rns worked with welfare mothers, hip teenagand former football great. John Scagnelli, a ers manned lost and found stations with senvice president of the Couricil of Social Agen- ior citizens, radical students and conservative
cies, served as delegate for more than 150 pr_ofessionals joined hands to organize shuttle
- United Fund agencies and State Assemblyman buses. Ideological, age, language, and racial
George Richardson, a black legislator, repre- differences seemed unimportant and for that
sented the coalition.
aftern~on friendship, lo~e and pride prevailed
Office space was donated by the Newark and everybody"Gave A Damn!"
Housing Authority. One of the local manpower
Shortly after the November 14th national
programs donated office equipment. The Newark telecast, Gus Heningburg went do~n to Fayette,
Chamb~rof Commerce agreed to raise $234,000.· Mississippi to help black Mayor Charles Evers
The Summer Thing contacted more than 100 plan a Thanksgiving Day, Love Festival for his
community organizations asking them to sub- town.
mit their recreation proposals. Through care-;.
ful screening and much negotiation, the cochairmen approved 29· proposals for . funding.
In less than six weeks, an office wa set up,
a volunteer staff .was secured, work began on
fund raising and a directory was compiled of
more than 70 community-sponsored youth programs, public and private. A communications
center was established to which anyone could
call on any giyen day and get a listing of recreational activities going on in town. The center
also published. a daily newsletter listing special
events of the day for distribution to almost
JOO points in the city. Local radio station WNJR
taped and broadcasted daily events all through
the summer.
By the end of the summer, the Chamber of
Commerce raised almost $200,000. T he Engelhard Foundation provided the first $1 ,000 and
an additional $57,000 came from the New Jersey
State Department of Community Affairs.
More than 50,000 youngsters particip,ated in
The Summer Thing. By Labor Day, it was
clear that partially-polarized Newark could
get diverse people to work together and get
things done well and fast.
NBC, impressed with The Summer Thing,
looked for a fitting salute. It. hit upon the Love
Festival concerts in Harlem that had attracted
hundreds of thousands of New Yotkers. Tony
Lawrence agreed to get the talent and WNBC
promised to film the gala for television.
The Recreation Planning Council -was asked
to secure a suitable outdoor location and help
attract crowds that would reflect the black/white
cooperation that made The Summer Thing so
meaningful to Newark.
In a scant three · weeks, hundreds of details
had to be bandied. For the first time, the Newark police cooperated with the Black Panthers Gustav Heningburg, president of the Greater Newark Urban
in crowd control. T he city administration and Coalition at the Newark Love Festival.
7
�/
Call For Action
Director Named
Grass Roots News
R. Alexander Grant, the former national di- The Greater Kansas City Urban Coalition has
rector of recruitment for VISTA (Volunteers inaugurated a program of tours of the inner-city
in Service to America), has been named as the to give interested citizens, parti~ularly white
suburbanites, a first hand view of inner-city
Executive Director of"Call for Action".
"Call for Action" is a project in coopera- · housing, schools business development and
tion with the national Urban Coalition, and is recreation facilities. Small groups travel in a
operated by a radio station and a staff of volun- modified bus, are given a running description
teers in a number of cities.
of inner-city conditions, and told of the activities
Mr. Granl was born in Newark, N. f. in 1933. of the Urban Coalition. The tours began with the
He has a B. A. from Bloomfield College and an _Greater Kansas City Urban Coalition board of
M. A. from Montclair State College.
- directors and has since included members of
In announcing Mr. Grant's appointment, John the Real Estate Board and service clubs.
W. Gardner, the Coalit'ion's Chairman, said the
The Greater Kansas City Urban Coalition has
Coalition hoped to have "Call for Action" pro,
.
k.
· 8 10 . . . - h
h
h
formed a womens task force, believed to be the
grams wbor hmg md f- h cities t roug out t e - first such among local coalitions. The task force

· t · h h w lf
R. h
country y t e en o t e year.
,
· ·
U d
h
·
· ct· ·ct 1
ll 1 1 1s mvo 1ve ma proJec wit t e e are 1g ts
. n er t_ e proJect, m IVI ua s may ca oca Organization and will concentrate in the housrad10 stations for referral to the proper agen- · fi ld · 1970
· for he 1p wit
· h sueh pro blems as poor h ous- ___
mg ie. _m
c1es
_ _ _· _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
ing, crime, narcotics, hospital care and sanita- The Greater Kansas City Urban Coalition is
tion disposal.
publishing a voter information booklet for the
"Call for Action" was begun at radio station January 20 school board elections, reviewing
WMCA in New York City by Mrs . R. Peter the qualifications of the candidates and containStraus, wife of the station's owner and co- ing their views on key issues.
chairman of the nationwide program.
The new South Bend Urban Coalition already
The project is now on the air in New Yark,
has received preliminary reports from five task
Chicago, Denver and_Utica.
forces and this month expects final reports outMr. Grant's duties will include policy forlining action programs for 1970. The task
mulation and coordination for the various "Call
forces are for education, housing, employment,
for Action" projects.
racial attitudes a nd conflict, and youth.
Mayo r Carl Stokes of Cleveland has announced
plans for a "Call for Action" program on station
WERE under the coordination of the Cleveland
Urban Coalition. "Call for Action" programs,
now in operation in several cities, enable listeners
to call volunteers at the station to register
complaints about deficient city services. The
Cleveland program will begin early in 1970.
The Urban Coalition of Minneapolis has a new
president, Phillip Harder, senior vice president
of the First National Bank. He succeeds Dean
McNeal, vice president of the Pillsbury Company, whose term expired .
R. A lexander Grant
8
The Mayor of Winston-Salem, NOith Carolina
proclaimed the week of December 8-12 as
"Family and Child Development Week" in conjunction with a project sponsored by the Day
Care Association of the Urban Coalition with
the co-operation of other child-related agencies.
Symposiums on child development and educa-
�tion were held throughout the week for parents,
school administrators, businessmen, representatives from social service agenci_es and other
interested groups.
of the Greater Miami
The
housing task force
/
.
Coalition has completed development of a curriculum for a new-course offered at the University of Miami on housing management. The 15·week course followed by on-the-job-training
will open up new careers for disadvantaged persons in the management of housing complexes.
Key feature of the plan is job commitments
for those finishing the course.
The El Paso (Tex.) Urban Coalition has been
holding open fo rums each month on problems
affecting the El Paso community. The forums,
officially known as Area Council Meetings for
Public Information, have dealt with such matters
as poli_ce protection, street paving, housing,
schools and public safety.
to . determine their major .grievances. This information is _presented to the businessmen on
the coalition's steering committee, who then
take it to the city agency that can do something
about the problems uncovered in the interviews.
Three VISTA lawyers, working under a program
co-sponsored by the national Urban Coalition
began working in Denver in mid-October.
They're working on bail refqrm.
"Call for Action" got off to an action packed
start in Denver in late October with radio station KLZ getting about 150 calls in itJ, first
week of operation.
New Urban Coalitions
Since the end of the summer local coalitions
have sprung up all over the map. The five new- •
est are South Bend, Rhode Island, Wilmington,
El Paso and Chattanooga.
Officially the South Bend (Ind.)' c;oalition is
known as the St. Joseph County Urban Coalition. The local Chamber of Commerce in South
Bend is staffing the coalition while the search
goes on for a full-time executive director. The
coalition's chairman is Frank Sullivan, chairman of the board o( Frank Sullivan Associates,
The bail refo rm program of the Riverside Coa- an insurance firm.
lition, operating since mid-September, has reRhode Island shows there may be some adduced the average length of jail stay from 37 vantages to being small, at least in the sense
to 4 days. Five coalition representatives were of coalition. The Rhode Island coalition is the
·among the Riverside officials attending the only statewide coalition. It bas an executive
national Coalition's briefing on new approaches director-designate, Anthony Agostinelli and a
to criminal justice in New York in April; liked president, Elwood E. Leonard J r. Leonard is
what they saw, convinced the Riverside police president of the H & H Screw Company, and also
department to give bail reform a try and since chairman of the United Fund Drive.
its inception, nearly 60 persons have been reWilmington (Del.) is looking for a n executive
leased on their own. recognizance under the director. Rodney Layton, a Wilmington attorney
project.
and vice-chairman of the United Fund in that
city
is chairma n of the new coalition.
In San Ysidro (Calif.), a small, green colored
In
the west Texas town of El Paso they call
stucco house has been converted into a health
the
coalition
the Council for Social Action beclinic for some 7,000 Mexican-Americans. The
cause that was what it was called before it beclinic treats about 150 persons a week and
came a local urban coalition in the beginning of
operates with one full-time nurse, Miss J eannie
Powers. The San Diego Coalition played a major September. Three weeks after it was recognized
as a coalition by the national, William Pearson,
role in creating the clinic and a lso refurbished
El Paso's executive director was in Washington
and furnished the entire house.
with 30 other local executive directors. They
In San Antonio, (Tex.) the coalition bas formed a met with John W. Gardner.
group that it calls the "clearinghouse committee."
The Reverend James I. Oliver is the chairman
The committee is interviewing ghetto residents of the coalition, which is the third in Texas.
The Riverside (Calif.)Coalition, under its vivacious and energetic executive director, Mrs.
Ruth Pepe, has convinced the school system
that it doesn't have to keep going to such fa raway places as Arizona and Texas to hire
minority teachers. Through a program set up as
a result of coalition efforts five black instructors have been trained and hired from within
th_e Riverside community.
9
�The others are San Antonio and Corpus Christi.
In Chattanooga they had to wait more than
two years before a coalition was actually formed.
Interest in creating a coalition in that southern
city began with the August 1967 convocation
of 1,200 of the nation's leaders that gave birth
to the national Urban Coalition.
Co:chairmen of the new Chattanooga coalition are John Slack, general manager of Com-
bustion Engineering ~nd Roy Noel, city youth
coordinator.- One of the members of the Steering Committee is Mrs. Ruth S. Golden, publisher of ...the Chattanooga Times and sister-inlaw of Andrew Heiskell, chairman of th1:: board.
of Time, In~. and co-chairman of the national
Urban Coalition.
See page I I for complete list of established
urban coalitions.
Miami Case Study
What They Are Saying
Last fall there were some 340 serious ·disturbances in high schools in 38 states. One of the
most seri_o us-in terms of potential consequences-occurred in Dade County(Miami), Florida,
where an integration dispute at Palmetto High
School threatened to escalate into a black student boycott of the entire school system.
Trouble was averted: however, when the
• school board asked the Greater Miami Coalition to step in, establish the facts and make
recommendations. A panel of inquiry named by
the Coalition did so-:-quickly and decisively. Its
report resulted in important reforms not only
at Palmetto, but at other schools in the district,
prompting one newspaper editor to comment
that "a major breakthrough in better race relations" had been made in Miami education.
A case study of the episode and its aftermath
will be published by the Urban Coalition this
year. The study wi ll describe the dispute, its
resolution , and the key role played by the Greater Miami Coalition.
Copies will be avai_lable from the national office of the Urban Coalition.
Miami Coalition Pane/ of Inquiry members Gurth Reeves,
publisher of 1he Miami Times; Henry King Stariford, presidem
of 1he University of M iam i; and John Hallibur1on, pres idem
of 1he Gremer Miami Urban Coalition and a vice presidem
of Eastern A irlin_es.
JO
Frederick J. Close, chairman of the board of
the Aluminum Company of "America, to the annual meeting of the American Mining Congress:
"All [urban coalitions] offer the businessman
a unique opportunity to involve himself in a
grass-roots, down-to-earth operation that enables him to apply his problem-solving abilities
to problems that demand solution as much as
they often seem to defy it. They help him to really understand what the problems are and what
it will take to get at them. In sport, they give
the businessman a chance to show .that our system can work for everybody. It's a chance that
many mo(e businessmen ought to take. I think
they are.taking a far bigger chance if they don't."
Ambassador George C. McGhee, special repre-·
sentative of the chairman, the Urban Coalition,
to the St. Lou is Round Table: ·
"A turn-arouncf must be made and a start
towards a reordering of the priorities which
will bring up to adequate levels the basic requirements for our national life . In this process
other public expenditures, which have hithe rto
enjoyed high priorities, must be reduced."
Charles W. Bowser, executive director of the
Philadelphia Urban Coalition, to a conference
of the National Municipal League:
"The direct involvement of the corporate citizen in the initiation and formation of the national
Urban Coalition was clear evidence that the corporate commitment to help was emanating from
self-interest, rather than the traditional charitable concern. This recognition of self-interest
in the solution of the nation's urban problems is,
in my opinion , the ·most dramatic result of the
urban crisis of the sixties."
Martin Stone, chairman of the board of Monogram Industries Inc. and chairman of the
Greater Los Angeles Urban Coalition, at com-
�mencement exercises of Immaculate Heart Established Local
College:
Urban Coalitions
"Each day that we postpone reconciliation
of our actions with objectives motivated by a
California .
desire to restore quality of life to our nation,
Fresno
we come a step closer to inevitably extremist
Los Angeles
solutions. Almost invariably we hide our heads
Pasadena
in the sand until our problems become crises
Riverside
which cannot be solved without painfully ex- · Sacramento
treme remedies."
San Diego
San Jose
Charles B. Wade Jr. , vice president of R .J . Stanford Mid-Peninsula
Reynolds Tobacco and chairman of the educaColoradotion committee of the Winston-Salem Urban
Denver ·
Coalition, at the First Anniversary Meeting of
the Norfolk Urban Coalition:
Connecticut "Leadership is an attitude, an ability to size Bridgeport
up a situation, and then make a decisive move Hartford
rather than sitting back and doing something Stamford
after the fact. It's easy to find leaders after
Delaware
som~thing happens, they rise to the occasion,
Wilmington
but it's something else to marshal people with
foresight, with the ability to see an oncoming District of Columbia
crisis and make a concrete move for the good Florida
of the community to avoid a potential problem." Miami
Arthur Naftalin, professor of public affairs,
University of Minnesota, former mayor of
Minneapolis, and Coalition Steering Committee
member, to the conference of the National Association of Housing and Redevelopment Officials:
"A few months ago the housing authority
submitted a request to the city council to increase from 250 to 500 the number of homes it
might acquire under the low-rent housing program for scattered site housing and that acquisition be permitted .citywide. The council
approved the increase but refused to a llow
cirywide acquisition, restricting the program
to officially-declared renewal areas. This action struck me as a rather opeFl act of discrimination and I vetoed the entire measure,
risking the loss of the additional units. At
this point our Urban Coalition of Minneapolis,
in which many top business leaders actively
participate, called upon the council to sustain
my veto a nd to accede to the authority's original request. The council accepted the coalition's ur.ging and we accomplished a social
gain that simply would not have been possible
without the interest of key businessmen. We
may be the only city in the nation in which publi_c housing is possible on an unrestricted citywide basis ..."
Illinois
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Winston-Salem
Ohio
Cleveland
Lima
Oregon
Portland
Pennsylvania
Erie
Harrisburg
Philadelphia
Reading
Rhode Island
Gary
South Bend
Tennessee
Louisiana
Texas
New Orleans
Corpus Christi
El Paso
San Antonio
Maryland
Baltimore
Massachusetts
New Bedford
Pittsfield
Michigan
Detroit
Saginaw
Chattanooga
Virginia
Norfolk
Washington
Tacoma
Wisconsin
Racine
Minnesota
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St. Paul
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