Box 7, Folder 12, Document 3

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Box 7, Folder 12, Document 3

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TH F. cv ct-JI G STAR
\Va~hi ng ton, D. C.
Sc: urday, Dc :em bar 73, 1969
_.., NEW YORK TIMES, SA T U RD A Y, DECE M B E R. 1-1, 1969
HOUSE BARS SHIFT
Or,: POVERTY PLAN
Lib erals Block G.O.P. Move
to Giv e Ru le to States
By MARJORIE HUNTER
S ptc!a! to 'fh e :-.:cw York T ;mes
W AS HfNGTON, Dec. 12
Dem ocrati c libera ls s ucceeded
toni g ht in blockin g .a Rcpt.:blican m o,:e th a t w ould s hift
contro l of a key antipoverty
prog ra m to the states. The vole
was 23 1 to 163.
The aCLi on m a rked » stu nni r,g
defea t for a powe rf ul coa lition
of Re publi ca n a nd Southe rn
Dem oc rats seeki ng to give
Governors con tro l over the
co mmunity ac ti o n programs.
, Earlier, Democ ra t ic lead ers
ha d sent up a loud cheer w hen
th ey learned they had defeated
the sta te-control pla n by a nonre cord ed vo te of 183 to 166.
Backe rs of t he state-contro l
pl a n then ma de a fina l try, fa iling this tim e on the 23 1- to- 163
roll-c all vote.
'.i"he ui ii -calling for a twoye a r, $2 .343-b illi on ex tens ion
the
ant ipove rty
proof
g ram v ir tu a ll y unchanged-th en
passed the !·louse by a vote
of 276 to 11 7. The bill now
goes to con fe rence with the
Se na te, w hi ch passe d a simil a r
meas ure earlier thi s fa ll.
Throughou t the day -long debate, Demo cratic libera ls all
but conced ed tha t th ey did not
J1 ave th e votes to turn bJck
the u s ua lly domin ant coali tion
of Republ ica ns a nd So uthern
Demo crats.'
Yet th ey scored a double
victo ry, not only b lock in g th e
sta te-control p la n, but a lso succe_edm g in reta ini ng $295mlll 10n ad ded in comm ittee to
th e Adm inistrat ion 's p roposed
$2.048-billion bill.
It _w_a s appare nt th a t· ma ny
Repu olt ca ns, con fide nt of v ic1ory, had decided t hei r votes
wou ld not be needed a nd h ad 1
left fo r home before t he crucial
v ote.
·
For days, Democratic libe ra ls
J13d ins isted · th at Pre si de nt
Nixon a lon e he ld the key to the
futur e of t he anti p(wcr ty prog ra m. He ha d ca ll ed for ·a s imple t wo-yea r extens ion of the
prog ram, wit hout c ha nges.
Howc,·c r, w ith t he Ho use Republica n leaders hip fi rml y committed t o shi ftin g cont ro l lo the ·
sta tes, th e Pres ide nt did not
personall y seek to lin e u p Repu blica n s upp or t for a s imple
two -year extensi on.
·
In st ead, at hi s n ews confe ren ce on Mo nd ay, l\'lr. Nixon
said he ho ped t ha t hi s a nti - 1
poverty dir (;c tor, Donald Rumsfeld, coul d take so1o1c kind of
" accomm oda ti on;: wi th cri ti cs
of the progra m . ·
Heedi ng the Pres ide nt's ad vi ce, spon sors of t he state co ntrol pla n m odif ied t heir
earlie r propc:sa l by perm itting
the direc tor of t he Ofiice of
Econom ic Oppo rtu nity grea ter
leeway in OYCrriclin° \'Clocs of
Go ve r'no rs ove r ioc":i! communi ty action progra ms.
Th ey a lso provided the
O.E.O. dire cto r with severa l
meth ods of by-pass in g s ta tes
th a t fa il ed to adequ ate ly fu nd
loca l p rog rams .
Even .wi th t hese m od ifications, . r.-rr. Rum sfeld spo ke out
tod ay · a ga in s t th e Republica n
substitute proposal.
Exemptions Pile Up
.
In h our after hour of drbate
toda y;. severa I ~node rate Rep ub- I
li ca ns and Democ ratic li be ra ls
st rip ped th e state-con t ro l pla n
eve n ·fur the r.
T h<! Head Start progra m of
pre-school t ra inin g for th e poor
was exem pte d fro m st;; tc contro l by , ·oice vote.
The fami ly pl a n nin g progra m
w as a lso exe mpted by a vote,
of 75 to 26.
And th e House voted !)6 to
41, to exe mpt fr om sta te control all com munit y ac t io n prog rn ms on India n reservat ions .
in the e nd . th e proposed
s t ae -co ntro l pl a n was limit ed
pri ma'ri ly to non-In dian co mm unity act ion progra ms a nd to
Vol untee rs in Sc r, ·ice to America (VISTA).
Of ·all the a nt ipove n y programs_. enac ted fi ,·e years ago
un de r a De mocra ti c Ad minist ra tion, comm unity ac t ion h as
d rawn th e most fire , pa rti c ularly in urba n areas whe re t he
new ly orga ni zed poo r hav e
staged ren t st ri ke s and other
demons tra t ions .
This year, the an tirove r ty
a ge ncy h as fun ded 969 comm uni ty act ion programs se rving
abou t s ix m ill io n poo r in so me
2,000 coun t ies, both urban and
rural...
Th e co mmun ity progra ms
va ry.fro m place to p lace, offering suc h a.id as hea lth services,
e merge ncy food and mc!dical
s ervi~s. aid to m ig rant wo rkers, legal serv ices a nd cons umer.
coun se ling.
H. Quie, H-Minn. , ind Edi th
Green, D-O re ., that would ]ia·;e
sh arply ch anged O:CO's cours;,o .
lp to the mome nt when Hou,~
m embers fil ed down th~ ce:·1tt::aisle in a n un official " tel ler
vote. fri enrls and foe s of OE :)
alike were p redicting victory for
the substitutr,.
A}Tes, who acted as floor 1e,.1der for the Qnie-Greeu biU, S?.id
he knew they were losing when
· cbsters of Renublicans and cc:nBy SHII LE Y ELDER
s er Va t i V eDemo-::rats ioined
Sta r Slaff Wrilcr

· OEO suppor ter s. The "teller"
In a n upse t that s tartled nea r- i vole was 183 to 166.
ly everyo r.e in volved, the House J
Ayres called the vote personhas vo ted to g ive th e Office of I al t riumph for Rumsfeld w 1..i
E conom ic Opporlunitv a two~ent him a . !elcgram : "T~0
io P 1 _ • l"
,


,ua~feld Raider s rode agai-1.


Yea r , ··0~.,·i bi!J
'
• ~ase 11 '. , <::.
I· · Ccm~i'alulations. Good luck on
It was a rebut f ~., t-l ous~ Re- · the m ess vou inherited but don't
pub lica n lea der~:, a victory for . : s ay you did n' t ask fr,r it."
former m cmtc:r , O -:n Di rector , Ilep.
J oe D. \Vn.ggonner ,
Donald Ru msfcid . and a m ixed l D-La ., a leader of the ~outhern
blessing for President Nixo n.
1 • fo rces, s aid niany congr,.s:3men
The ke_y vote c ame yesterday 1: · from Border States broke mv?._
on a m otion lo subs titute a bi ll
shif ting m os t OE O pro grams to Ifrom the su!.Jstitute bill, e,·en
'thou;:;h critical of OEO, becm1se
the s tates . lt los t, 231 Lo i63 .
they did not want to turn auti'l11e anti poverty measur e the n
programs over to
poverty
was ap proved , 276 to il7, a nd
sent to a conference with the publican governor s. He rnenlioned Arkansas, West Virginia ,
Senate .
Oklahoma , Florida aud Kentuc"I am pleased a nd darn gr a te- ky.
fu l," Ru m sfe ld s aid after the
·. yr es s a id he had assumed
vo te.
that nearly all n epublicans, long
He said he would war!: for
c 0.,unitteci to dec:entraiiiaw.on cit
continued r efor m withi n OE O
and :aid the bill 's ap prov3 l ic, .cral pro~rams , wo uld vote
fo · the substitute. Iu the end . 63
shouldn't be in terpre Lcd as full
Rep Jblicans voted a gainst it. · j
approval of what has gone on in ' , A breakdown on the key vote
this agency."
~hows those 63 Republic~ns jmn- •
mg 168 De mocrats against the
Allhou~h Nixon had asked
Con gress for a simple two-year , s 1bslilute an d 60 Democrats voti.;1g with 103 Repub!kans for it.
$2-bilikn-a-year extension oI
Both Reps . Joel T . Broyhill,
OEO, his support in recent days
R-Va., and William Scott, R-Va. ,
was _cen as less than enthusias1;o~cd against extending the antitic. At hls ·press conference last
pc,vcrty r,rogram. Reps. La\\"Monday the Presi<leut s·1id be 1r c-:ca J . Hogan, R-!IId., and Gilbacked Rumsfeld but urged him ibv t Gude, R-Md ., voted for it on
to se~k an accommodation with fir1~l. passage, although Hc·;;an
vot e-a for the earlier sub titute, .
House leaders .
Credit for the OEO vi ctorv
There was no eviden e that
als0 mu~t go, Wag!ionner sa\d.,·
the White House took an active
lo OEO itself and it.'> constiluenrole in lobbying fo1• the bill.
c_y in urban areas where opposiR umsfeld c arried the fi ght in
dozens of meetings wit h con- twn to the substitu te was oro-a.
nizc-<l hur riedly over the l~st
gressmen, fr equently urging
th a t he be g iven a chance to week.
Te legr ams, letters an d tele-·
correct OE O problems on his
phone c a lls from mayors all
ovm.
added up. "After the prP-5 m e
Vote for Substitnt.e
was on, we. neve r had a
On the House floor , t.he opposi- chance," he s aid.
tion was led by GOP Leader
Gerald R. F'ord of Michigan and
William H . Ayres of Ohio, the
top R epublican on th e Education
and Labor Committee.
They joinr>d forces with South- ,
ern Democrats behind a substi~~1te bill drafted by Reps. Albert i
0
l
i· ·
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re--
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CONTI NUED NE XT PAGE:
I
�20NTINUED FR . PREVIOUS PAGE:
Head Start Funds
The bill that passed leaves
OE O as it is and authorizes $295
million extra for Head Start, job
train ing and health services.
The bill now goes to coo.fer6nce with a similar Senate version passed Oct. 14 tha t authorizes $4.8 billion over two years.
Joining in t he end-of-session
rush , the Senate Appropria tions
Committee went ahead yes terday and put nearly $2 billion into
an appr opriation bill for OEO
even though fin al a ction on the
authorization cannot come until :
some time next week.
Snturdny. Dec. 13, 1969
THE WASHINGTOl\ POST
I
Began A Week Ago
The pressure began. more than
a week ago whe n Quie and Mrs . j
Green unveiled their s ubstitute
bill. Debate was scheduled for
the next day but Educa tion and
Labor Comm ittee Chairman
. Carl D. Perkins, D-Ky., yanked
the administration bill off the
calendar to barga in for time.
As yesterday's long day of
poverty talk began, OEO critics
were optimistic and its defenders gloomy. Both Democratic
whip Hale Boggs of Louisiana
and Majority Leader Carl Albert
of Oklahoma said they did not
have the vote-:,: to win .
Perkins s aid strong Republican support was essential for
victory. He urged at least 55
Republicans to "come for ward
and support your President." No ·
one expected that a ny where!
near 63 would answer the c all.
· The tone of the debate reflected the preva iling a ttitudes. OE O
backers offfered little r esistance
to t he substi tute. A few re latively minor amendments were
adopted. There were fr equen t
shouts of " vole, vote" to keep
the action m oving.
The substi tute would have given governors a veto over VISTA
and community action progra ms
and would have permitted s tates
to establish separate agencies to
operate the anti-pover ty pr ogra m .
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By Richar d L . Lyons
w a,'lln ~to n Pos t St a !! Write r
The House voted to extend the wa r on poverty through
mid-1 971 last night after r ejecting-in a spectacular up set- a proposal to giv e the states control ove r most anti.
po verty pro gra ms.
Th e state-co ntro l plan , supported by most Rep ubhcan s
and Sout hern Democ rats, was defea ted 23 1 to 163 on :t
roll i.: <1 11 vo te.
The House went on to pass
t he bill exte ndin g th e life of
t he Offi ce of Economic Opport unity by a vote of 276 to 117.
Th e bill now goes to a HouseSenate confere nce where t he
m ajor di fference is a Sen ate
a me ndment giving gove r nors
a veto ove r lega l services fo r .
th e poor .
Re jection of th e slat e-co ntro l pla n was a sho ck to bo t h
supp orte rs a nd op pon ents. It.s
approval h ad bee n co nceded i n
ad vance by almost e ver yone, :
espe cia lly afte r its spon sors
of f e re d las t-minute con cessions.
P res ide nt Nixo n h ad asl;cd ,
for a simpl e exte nsio n of t he
prese nt p ro gra m . But whe n
the b ill was t nken up ycsl cr·· ;
· day after six mo nt hs of ma- j
ne uverin g. his princip al .;. up·
port cam e fr o m libe ra l De mo ·
cr a ts who d is tru st th e ab iiit y
or will of t he states to ope r ate
meani ngful antipoverty progra ms.
Do nald R umsfold . direc tor
of t he Office .or l~con omic Opporl un il:v. wl u ch run s t he pro- 1
gr am , slr on ;;i ly opposed t h•: !
sta te-con t rol pl an . At h is news .
con fe re nce i\ Ionda y m ght. thr
Presi de nt ex pressed supp ort
for Rumsfcld, but also expresse d hope th a t an "acco mmod a tio n " could be reac he d.
This made it see m even more
like ly t ha t some vers io.n of
state co ntrol would pass t he
House .
·
Sever a l re ason s we re off er·
ed for defeat of the sta te-control pla n. One was th a t the
week 's de lay De mocrats won
wh en the su bstitute was introdu ce d las t wee k allowe d t ime
for a ma il a nd persona l lob bying ca mpaign.
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Ji ,1 t , ·1,cn · K. c p. 11 u1 1;;m u . 1


.\ n umbe r or con serv;n i1·e . 1
A~Tc:s (R-Oh io), a lc:icl in i_; co;;- j
' Dem oc rats fro m sta tes with
Re publican govern ors Yole d · no n~o r of the st atc-con! r ol i
p la n, \': as ask ctl by r e po rte rs ii j
a :!ai ns t turni ng Lh e pro gra m
it wouldn 't lake ;;1·, a:, most of l
01·c r lo the m. Some Rc pu bli·
OEO 's nutl!ority, he sa id:
c ::i n votes prob ably we nt t o
"We a r e onl y tabn g away
lium s fe ld , the ir form e r colleague, as a personal matte r. ' hi s mum sfeld's) cnnoe . lle 's
. r;ti il got hi s p:idcll c."
And several mcmbrrs who I
In an effort to nt tracl vo les
had roted a gai ns t a s lron ~ 1 of moderat e 11cpubli ca ns sup- ;\
voting ri ght s bill Thu rscl :iy : port in 6 Rum sfclcl , a for me r
sw itche d to o ppo., c s!:ite con. ; m embe r of the House. th e I
!r e l, perh a ps n ot wi shin g to r s, c1tc-control forc e~ offered
cas t 11·ha l could lJ~ reg ar cl cr! : ,·cs tc rcl ny to m a ke co ncess ions
as ,· otes n;:nin st th e poo r o n , ti i :tl would .[!:vc hi m some i
con secuti ve cl c1 >·s.
power to ac l if s t:i tcs did not i
On th e k <'y n 1tc·. J G8 Dc mn- · o;:ic i·;i te ci fcc\.i ve pi-o gr ams.
j
crats and G:l Hc publi ra ns , Dul He p. Carl P c r·kin s (D. 'j
Yoted a ga in 5t s tate co ntrol, : K y .), ch a irm ap of th e House
1 !Eclucnti o n and L abnr Co mmi t- ;
whi le 103 Hrpublic an. and GO I ' t N· nn d flo or ma na ger of th e
Demo crats voted for it.
I ,acim inis lr::i lion 's exlr mion b ill .
O EO d ra ls directly wilh J ca lled t he r ev ised s ubs tit ute
ro mmnniti cs. with a m inimum i •·a., cl e lruclive ·· :i s tlle o r igiof s tate su pc n ·i s ion. T ll c sub- i na l sta te -co ntro l !)Inn.
st itutc proposa l would have , S peake,
J oh n
\\'.


\lcpermitled gci\-c rnors lo take : Corma ck CD-:'l l ass. ) urged decon trol of mos t of th e coutro- ' feat of th e subs titute, sa~·ing


vr r sial pro r, r ams th at com e it hc iss ue wa s one of '· money
unclcr t he umb re ll a of comm:.i- j · 1·alu es ver s us human vnlu es. "
ni ty acti on on tiic loC'a l lr ,·el. 1
I
lt was rhi cfly a desire to gc t j
f li ghter co nt ro l over lhc loca l
prog r:im s, which the poor
them se lves h elp r un . th at moli vatccl lli e ca mpai gn for sta te
contro l.
Support er. of s la te control
in s i5lccl th c1 t t hey 1•: ere not l
tryin .; lo di sm antl e OE O. but
, r a ther were 11·.vin ;'. t o give nul ho r ity to sta le officials who
, have a bett er gras p of prob: le ms in their sta tes.
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