Box 8, Folder 16, Document 24

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Administering the Demonstration
Cities Program in Atlanta
I, Rationale:

The draft prepared by several agencies in connection with
the Mayor's Director of Government Liaison outlines the goals
and steps by which posers can participate in the recently
passed Model Cities or Demonstration Cities Act of 1966.

What this statement neglects to outline is the methodology
by which these goals and programs are to be accomplished. The
implementation of this plan is perhaps its most crucial component.
Plans there are in abundance. But the skillful execution of such
plans remains the key to effective action.

That Atlanta posses the fundamental resources it needs to
meet the requirements of the Demonstration Cities Plan is without
doubt. What is required is less the creation of new mechanisms
than the effective harnessing and, where necessary, the reorientation
of those which already exist.

It is paramount that the essential thrust of the Demonstration
Cities Program should be kept in mind. It is essentially designed
to make a social impact on a low-income neighborhood, bringing
together the tools of both physical and social planning agencies.
As such the coordination and implementation of Be plan should
begin with this end in mind and, accordingly, build from this


As such the plan calls for an agency which carries both the

capacity and means for integrating social and physical planning

functions.’ The only agency which is currently geared to meet “
this need in terms'of action is the Economic Opportunity Atlanta


It. EOA & Demonstration Cities:

On abeleast two bases, if not. alls three,, the Economic
Opportunity Program is uniquely equipped to conduct the plan of
attack outlined in the draft statement.

The plan calls for Neighborhood Organization and Resident


R Rarioipaeston:: In each of the Pander nai ghborhoods delineatéd
for the Demonstration Cities Program, EOA has developed well-
organized and functioning nedghBerkood groups. Most of these
have been Bonely involved in initiating planning activities
for the Demonstration Cities Program.

These neighborhood groups have made it possible for the first
real "grass roots" leadership to participate in planning community
life. Every aspect of the community is dealt with, from employ-
ment to education, Housihg to health, recreation and aging.

Secondly, the plan calls for the improvement of Health and
Welfare and the physical renewal of the area. In both instances
local neighborhood committees have organized to survey needs and
recommended programs. These neighborhood committees stand ready

to make their contribution.


Finally, as the Act is designed to bring about the
coordination of agencies in an all-out attack on the conditions
of poverty, the framework of the Neighborhood Service Center

program is such that a Technical Advisory Committee is organized

to provide this added aaa much needed resource.

In review it can be shown that the Neighborhood Service
Centers in the target Demonstration Cities Area provide a ready
made well-organized forum for "grass roots participation,” a
mechanism for attack and a base on which additional program effort
can be laid.

ATI. Plan of Attack:

It is, however, not the contention of EOA that its present
structure is entirely sufficient to meet this task alone. Indeed,
were it not for the fact that many agencies have made their
services available from the outset would it be possible for EOA
to have reached its present stage of:-evolution. It realizes it is
far from the desired goal. But it is on the right road and hopes
ehis tatese effort (Demonstration Cities) will reinforce its
role and future.

There are some areas of need which go beyond the present
structure and activities of the Neighborhood Service Centers. It
remains only to outline some of these to indicate the gaps which
should be closed with additional programs and personnel.

A. Present activities include:

1. Employment - job placement, counseling
referrals, training opportunities, etc.

Social Services ~ multi-purpose needs
- (health, family counseling, day care,
aging, ‘etc.) :

Education - community schools, adult
education, etc.

Housing - relocation assistance and
housing information

Need Areas:
1. Economic infra-structures - businesses -

lending institutions, commerical establish-
‘ment, etc. :

ae Geode infra-structures-community clubs,
recreation halis, etc.
3. Physical infra-structures-roads, parks, etc.
IV. Implementation:
It is recommended that these centers which are located in
the Demonstration Cities Area should be merged into a Demonstration
Cities Planning Task Force. As such they would be funded through

the initial planning grant while providing services at the same


These centers would be administered by the Mayor's office

under a Demonstration Cities Project Officer who is responsible
to the Mayor. Although officially responsible to the Mayor,
these centers would continue to operate under the administrative
_procedures of the local CAA,
The local CAA, EOA, would provide at least one coordinator
from its office to that of the Mayor's Demonstration Cities



V. Evaluation: :

Under terms still unwritten an evaluation of the
Demonstration Cities Program, the Neighborhood Center Program
and the coordination of these activities would be undertaken by
a local educational institution. Hopefully, this negotiation
would lead to a greater, sustained involvement of the academic
community teas problems.

‘Ideally, Atlanta University and ‘Georgia State College


and/or Emory University could fulfill this need.

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