Box 15, Folder 3, Document 62

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Some 15,000 people, or 14 percent of the population live
in the Waco model neighborhood, with about two-thirds Negro and
one-third white and Mexican-American. The unemployment rate in
the target area‘is three times the rest of the city, while 63
percent of the housing is considered substandard. About 50 per-
cent of the adults have less than a high school education, and
about 40 percent of the families earn less than $3,000.

Citizen Participation

Developing Waco's five year program involved nine task
forces working closely with six model neighborhood citizen boards,
independent organizations, volunteer groups and city, State and
Federal agencies.

More than 500 citizens participated in planning the Waco
program. More than 400 meetings were held with model neighbor-
hood residents and task force planning committees.

City Demonstration Agency staff comprising three professionals
and seven persons assigned from local organizations worked closely
with a Model Cities Commission and Model Neighborhood Boards to
develop the final plan submitted to City Council.

Five Year Program

Waco's five year program is aimed at correcting the physical
blight in the area while improving its social and educational
conditions. To accomplish this, Waco seeks to involve private
enterprise and public support. The major elements of the program
are directed at improving housing through the construction of 400
new units by private enterprise and non-profit corporations, while
up-grading resident employment and training opportunities. The
model neighborhood residents gave first priority to improving
drainage facilities and street conditions in the area. The second
priority is in education, and calls for curriculum development
and improving educational opportunities for pre-school children.

Other program elements include improving medical and social
services with full emphasis on developing training opportunities
in pre-professional positions for residents by coordination with
city, county, and State non-profit organizations. A new health
and extended medical services program has been designed.



The Concentrated Employment Program (CEP) will be used to
help reduce an unemployment rate of 9 percent for men and 7 per-
cent for women. Other work-training programs will provide residents

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with an opportunity to participate in developing businesses.
Planned for the future is a Work Skills Development program
operated by James Connally Technical Institute which will pro-
vide vocational as well as academic training for entire families
who will live on the campus.

During the first year, CEP activities will include a New
Careers program, adult basic education, vocational and technical
training and on-the-job training.


The basic program approach in education is to develop a
comprehensive pre-school educational program and expand vocational
technical training. The curriculum of the model neighborhood
schools will be reformed through the use of computer assisted
instructional programs and Instructional Media Resources Centers.
A communication mobile unit in the target area will help students
with learning problems by providing aid in such basic skills as
reading, writing, and speech.

Several programs are proposed for upgrading teacher skills,
including an instructional laboratory for training teachers to
work with disadvantaged children. A Cross-Over Program to help
teachers recognize the social and educational problems of students
involved in desegregation would be expanded. Also planned is an
Experienced Teacher Fellowship Program at Baylor University offer-
ing university courses to 30 teachers to increase their skills
needed to teach the disadvantaged.

During the first year computer terminals will be installed
in three area schools to carry out the instructional program.
An Occupational Skills Analysis Laboratory which will provide
special instruction through video tapes, will also be started.

Social Services

Social services programs are directed principally at coordi-
nating services of numerous social agencies and in improving
their accessibility to residents. The social services component
will also deal with developing welfare aid and employment oppor-
tunities within its services.

A Foster Grandparent program and a nutritional program will
serve the elderly. Other first year activities include a Home-
maker Service for the elderly and disabled, and an Extensive
Counselling Program for young women and husbands of planned parent-
hood clients.

‘The principal health components include health care for the

elderly, visiting nurses services in the home, and extending
family planning services. The Medical Society will help develop

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a continuity of care concept through a medical education program.
This program is intended to bring about better coordination of
all health programs and providing medical training opportunities
for model neighborhood residents.

A Family Physician Program will reorganize and coordinate
health services dnd recruit doctors to Waco and to staff model
neighborhood facilities. Also included in the plan are a
Detoxification Center for Alcoholics and Mental Health-Mental
Retardation Services.

During the first year, construction of the Mental Health
facility will begin. Two school health programs focusing on
medical examinations for model neighorhood students and Health,
Sex, and Drug Education will also start immediately.

Law Enforcement

Juvenile services and improved police community relations are
emphasized in this component. Specific first year activities in-
clude a Police Science Library to supplement an existing degree
program for law enforcement officers and expansion of a Juvenile
Police Bureau to initiate a delinquency prevention program.


The recreation program calls for community centers and
developing programs in crafts and cultural enrichment. Model
neighborhood residents will be employed in the program. Plans
also call for developing recreation facilities on the Brazos
River which runs through the model neighborhood.

Physical Planning Areas

This component of the Waco program is aimed at up-grading
existing physical conditions such as streets, housing and commun-
ity facilities and providing new facilities where needed. Three
elements are emphasized -- urban design, housing, and public

The goal of the urban design component is proper land use,
including commercial, industrial and housing facilities, and a
transportation system meeting the needs of the model neighbor-
hood residents.

An Urban Design Center is proposed to bridge the gaps in
design, as well as provide technical assistance to model neighbor-
hood residents involved in this phase of the program. The center
will feature visual aids which will show existing physical con-
ditions in the area as well as project future goals and concepts


to be achieved in the Model Cities program. Waco proposes to
use the new Neighborhood Development Program for physical re-
newal of the target area. The goal of the housing component
is suitable new and rehabilitated standard housing for all model
neighborhood residents at prices they can afford. Some 400 new
housing units through public and private resources are proposed.

First year activities include street construction, a sanitary
sewer project, construction of drainage systems, a coordinated
code enforcement project and a study of user needs for low-income
housing in the model neighborhood. Also planned is a Resident
Homebuilder project which would combine construction of 14 new
homes with training a minority resident to establish a homebuilding

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