Box 2, Folder 1, Document 5

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Box 2, Folder 1, Document 5

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RH A 7100.1
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Octo be r 1968
A HUD H
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U . S. DEPARTME N T OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT
WASH I NGTON , D. C.
204 10
�•
PREFACE FOR WORKABLE PROGRAM HANDBOOK
'Ihis Handbook sets forth a new approach and revised requirements to
guide localities that are carrying out a Workable Program for Community
Improvement.
It represents the first major revision of the Workable Program procedures since enactment of the statutory provision in 1954-,
We have several objectives which we hope will be achieved by the revision. One is to respond to the many changes that have taken place
in our urban areas over the years. Another is to ensure that our
requirements for the Workable Program are focused on performance by
localities in dealing with the problem of slums and blight~-not just
on compliance with operational procedures. Above all, the purpose is
to give local communities both flexibility an4 the responsibility to
develop effective programs to achieve the objectives of the statute in
light of the particular nature of problems and conditions existing in
each locality.
' '
'.Ihe substitution of performance standards for certain formal elements
of the Workable Program does not represent any easing in current substantive requi rements. Nor does the Handbook envision any reduction
in efforts by communities now participating in the program. The introduction of a performance-oriented approach hopefully will result in a
more effective attack on the major problems facing the community.
I am confident that, after more than a decade of experience with the
Workable Program, the Federal-local partnership has the maturity to
operate effectively under the new approach of this Handbook and thereby
we can make more meaningful progress toward overcoming the urgent
problems facing our cities and towns today.
Robert C. Weaver
Secretary
1
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RHA
7100.11

FOREWORD
This Handbook sets forth revised policies, requirements, and procedures
for communities required to carry out a Workable Program for Community
Improvement in connection with the use of certain Departmental housing
and renewal programs to help overcome probiems of slums and blight.
-Workable Program Guides containing illustrative and advisory information
will be issued to supplement this Handbook.
The revised policies and requirements set forth herein are effective
upon issuance of this Handbook. Tnose communities which already have
submitted or· have substantially completed documentation in support of
an application for certification or recertification of a Workable
Program need not revise the material . However, communities may use the
revised forms described in this Handbook immediately . After March 31,
1969, all applications for certification or recertification of a Workable Program must be in conformance with the revised policies and
requirements.
The primary objective of the revision is to provide a fle:x:i.ble
and performance-oriented framework within which communities may demonstrate reasonable continuing progress toward· achieving the goals sought
by the statutory requirement for a Workable Program and those established by the community to implement them.
The revision also modifies reporting and documenta~ion requirements
and provides new criteria for evaluating community performance.
The revised Workable Program concentrates on four essential areas:
a.
The · adoption and enforcement of housing, building, and related
codes.
b.
The establishment of an effective action-oriented planning
and programming process.





c.
The developnent of programs to meet low- and moderate- income
housing needs and to meet relocation needs of families ,
individuals, and business concerns displaced by governmental
action.
ii
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�WORKABLE PROGRAM FOR COMMUNI'IY IMPROVEMENT

IRHA
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The involvement of citizens, including poor and minority
groups, in Workable Program activities and in related HUDassisted housing and renewal programs.
The intent of this Handbook is to strengthen the Workable Program as a
flexible and meaningful tool to help communities organize and carry out
its community improvement programs. The Handbook envisions no lessening of effort by communities which h~ve been participating under
previous Workable Program guidelines. Rather, it is anticipated that
communities will make greater :grogress toward achieving the obj ectives
of the statute with the increased flexibility provided by the Handbook
to concentrate local efforts and tailor specific needs and problems
facing the community. Applications for certtfic?tion in accordance
with the requirements of this Handbook which propose a program with an
overall leve l of effort below that made in the past, will not be
acceptable.
Certifications and recertifications of Workable Programs will be e ffective for two years. Field reviews of progress will be made as necessary
by HUD Regional Office staff midway through the certification period to
provide advice and t echnical assistance.
HUD-assisted programs to which the Workable Program applies are listed
in Chapter 1, paragraph 5. A community intending to make application
for financial assistance under any of these pro grams should become
familiar with the policies and requirement s set forth in this Handbook.
An understanding of these policies and requirements will facilitate the
preparation of the application for certification or recertification of
the community 's Workable Program and thus help to expedite the processing of applications for financial assistance for specific programs.
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HtJD REGIONAL OFFICES
RIDIONAL
ADMINISTRATOR
ADDRESS AND
TELEPHONE NUMBER
I
Judah Gribetz
26 Federal Plaza,
New York, N.Y. 10007
Area Code 212 264-8068
Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts,
New Hampshire, New York, Rhode·
Island, Vermont
n
Warren P. Phelan
Widener Bldg., 1339 Chestnut St., Philadelphia, Pa.
Delaware, District of Columbia,
Maryland, New Jersey, Pennsylvania
Virginia, West Virginia
RIDION
19107
GENER.AL
JURISDICTIONAL AREA
Area Code 215 597-2560
III
Edward H. Baxter
Alabama, Florida, Georgia,
Kentucky, Mississippi, North
Carolina, South Carolina,
Tennessee
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Peachtree-Seventh Bldg.,
Atlanta, Ga. 3032~
Area Code 404 526-5585
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Francis D. Fi.sher
360 North Michigan Ave.,
Chicago, Ill. 60601
Area Code 312 353-5680
Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan,
Minnesota, Nebraska, North Dakota,
Ohio,. South Dakota, Wisconsin
V
W.W. Collins
Federal Office Bldg., 819
Taylor St., Fort Worth,
Texas 76102
Area Code 817 334-2867
Arkansas, Colorado, Kansas,
Louisiana, Missouri, New Mexico,
Oklahoma, Texas
450 Golden Gate Ave., Post
Office Box 36003, San
Francisco, Calif. 94102
Area Code 415 556-4752
Alaska, Arizona, California,
Guam, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana,
Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington,
Wyoming



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Robert B. Pitts
Jose E. Febres-Silva
Post Office Box 3869, GPO,
San Juan, P.R. 00936
(Dial Long Distance Operator)
Puerto Rico and Virgin Islands
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�WORKABLE PROGRAM FOR COMMUNITY IMPROVEMENT
I

RHA 7100.11
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PREFACE
FOREWORD
HUD REGIONAL OFFICES
CHAPTER 1.
SUMMARY OF WORKABLE PROGRAM PURPOSES
AND REQUIREMENT
Paragraph
1.
Statutory Provision ·
2.
Basic Purpose of Statutory Provision
3,
Summary of Workable Program Requirements
Local Administrative Requirements
5-
\
HUD-Assisted Pro grams for Which Workable Pro gram Is
A Requirement
CHAPTER 2.
..,
GUIDELINES FOR EVALUATION OF WORKABLE
PROGRAM APPLICATIONS
1.
General Principles of Administration
2.
Requirements for Application Content
3.
Criteria for Evaluation of Workable Program Application
4.
Basis for Determining Acceptability
CHAPTER 3.
ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS AND PROCEDURES FOR WORKABLE PROGRAM CER TIFICATION
1.
Filing of Application for Certification
2.
Governing Body Approval of the Workable Program
3.
Notification of Approval or Disapproval.
4.
Certification Period
5.
Certification Lapse
6.
Technical Assistance to Communities
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Paragraph
7.
Relationship of Workable Program and Urban Renewal
Requirements
8.
Availability of Workable Program as Public Document
9.
Guides
CHAPTER 4.
CODES AND CODE ENFORCEMENT
1.
Statutory Provision
2.
Requirements for Code Adoption
3.
Rehabilitation Standards
4.·..> ,
Requi rements for Code Enfor cement
5.
Examples of Priority Areas
6.
Considerat i ons Relate d to ·code Enforcement
CHAPTER 5.





PLANNING AND PROGRAMMI NG
1.
Planning and Programming Objectives
2.
Comprehens ive Planning Requirements
3.
Programming Requireme nts
4.
Charact er i stic s of Planning Process
5.
Summary
CHAPTER 6.
HOUSING AND RELOCATION
1.
Gen~ral Provisions
2.
Relocation Requirements
3.
Housing Requ i rements
4.
Crite~ia for Evaluation of Applications
CHAPTER 7.
1.
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CITIZEN I NVOLVEMENT
Requirements f or Citizen Involvement
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RHA
7100.11
Paragraph
2.
Principles and Purposes of Citizen Involvement
3.
Examples of Citizen Involvement Activities
4.
Criteria for Evaluation of Applications
CHAPTER 8.
GUIDELINES FOR WORKABLE PROGRAM ADMINISTRATION FOR SMALL COMMUNITIES
1.
General Provisions
2.
Special Provisions
3.
Criteria for Review and Evaluation of Workable
Program Application
V ,
CHAPTER 9,
'
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GUIDELINES FOR WORKABLE PROGRAM ADMINISTRATION FOR INDIAN RESERVATIONS
1.
General Provision.§ ,
2.
Special Obj ectives
3,
General Criteria for Review and Evaluation of
Applications
4.
Provision for Code Adoption and Enforcement
5,
Planning Provisions
6.
Housing and Relocation Provisions
7,
Citizen Involvement Provisions
vii
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CHAPTER 1
CHAPTER 1.
1.
SUMMARY OF WORKABLE PROGRAM PURPOSES AND REQUIREMENTS
STATU'IORY PROVISION. The Housing Act of 1949, as amended, requires
as a condition of certain financial assistance, the following:
11
•••
a workable program for co~unity improvement (which
shall include an official plan of action, as it exists
from time to time, for effectively dealing with the problem
of urban slums and blight within the community and for the
establishment and preservation of a well-planned community
with well-organized environment for adequate family life)
for utilizing appropriate private and public resources to
eliminate and prevent the develoµnent or spread of slums
and urban blight, to encourage needed urban rehabilitation,
to provide for redevelopnent of blighted, deteriorated, or
slum areas, or to undertake such of the aforesaid activities or other feasible community activities as may be
suitably employed to achieve the objectives of such a
program."
The statute also requires the ad.option and effective enforcement
of a minimum standards housing code, as described in Chapter 4.
In addition to the Workable Program requirements contained herein,
communities are advised that various HUD-assistance programs may
contain additionab separate requirements tailored to meet specific
program needs (e.g. relocation requirements of the urban renewal
program, general planning requirements for water and sewer, or open
space land grants). See Chapter 3, paragraph 7, for further
information.
2.
BASIC PURPOSE OF STATU'IORY PROVISION. The basic purpose of the
Workable Program requirement is to ensure that communities desiring to utilize funds for renewal and housing programs understand
the array of forces that create slums and blight and are willing
to recognize and .take the steps within their power to prevent and
overcome urban blight.
The Workable Program is based on recognition that the Federal and
local relationship is one of partnership in the task, and that
Federal funds for renewal and housing projects cannot, by themselves, be effective unless localities exercise the full range of
their powers in community efforts on a sustained and coordinated
basis to the objective of preventing and eradicating slums and
blight.
3.
SUMMARY OF WORKABLE PROORAM REQUIREMENTS, The specific requirements of the Workable Program are based on the statutory objectives
described above and are designed to provide a flexible framework
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for organizing community efforts to eliminate and prevent slums
and blight. The Workable Program calls for progress in the following four areas:





a.
Code Adoption and Enforcement. The adoption of housing, building, and related codes, and development of an effective code
enforceme nt program which is at least adequate to de a l with
areas having high priority need for en£orcement, including both
blighted areas and basically sound but deteriorating neighborhoods, and which is gear ed toward eventual community-wi de
compliance with such codes.
b.
Planning and Programming. The establishment of a continuing
public planning and programming process which develops action
programs within a comprehensive planning framework for overcoming the major physical, social, and e conomic problems
related to the slum and blighted areas of the community, and
for establishing and preserving a well- planned community with
suitable l i ving environment for family life .
c.
Housing and Relocation. The development of a centralized or
coordinated program for assisting in the relocation of all
persons and business concer_n;, displace d by public action in
the community and the development of a proi~ ~ to expand the
supply of housing for l ow- and mode rate-inc0u1E. famili es on the
basis of equa l opportunity.
d.
Citizen Involvement . The establishment of programs designed
to achieve meaningful involvement of citizens, including poor
and minority groups , in planning and carrying out HUD-ass i sted
programs related to th e Workable Program.
A detailed explanati on of th e policies and r equirements for each
of the above four areas is s e t forth in subseque nt chapte rs of
this Handbook.
4.
LOCAL ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS. In carrying out Workabl e
Program responsibil i ties, many different local agencies and offices
will necessarily b e involved, together with various public a nd
private institutions, organization s , and individuals. For e xample ,
building departments, planning agencies, health offices, housing
authorities, urban renewal agencies, neighborhood organizat i ons,
private builder s and dev e l opers may b e involved to proyide the
wide range of resources needed to meet Workable Program obj ectives.
While no specific a dministrative s tructure i s r equired by the
Workable Progr am, a community will be expect e d to meet t he gene ral
r equirement for establi shme nt of an administrative me chanism
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RHA 7100.11
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responsible to the chief executive for the purpose of providing
leadership, supervision, and coordination of Workable Program
activities.
5,
...
HUD-ASSISTED PROJRAMS FOR WHICH WORKABLE PROGRJI.M IS A REQUIREMENT
a.
Urban Renewal Prog_ram
b.
Neighborhood Developnent Program
c.
Concentrated Code Enforcement Program
d.
Interim Assistance for Blighted Areas
e.
Demolition Grant Program
f.
Community Renewal Program
g.
Gene ral Neighborhood Renewal Plan
h.
Rehabilitation loans and gr ants in urban r enewal and concentrated code enforcement areas and in other than urban r enewal
or concentrate d code enforcement areas a ssisted under the
provision of Sec. 115(a)(2) and Sec. 312(a)(1).
i.
Low-Rent Housing Program, except for Section 23, Short Term
Leased Housing.
j.
Mortgage in sura nce under FHA Sec. 220 for housing construction
and rehabilitation in urban renewal project areas.
k.
Mortgage insura nce under FHA 221(d)( 3) at marke t or belowmarke t inter est r at e proj ect s for low- and moderate -income
famili es.
1.
Re nt Supplement Proj ects under Sec . 22 l ( d)( 3 ) for low-income
families, with certain exception s .
338-597 0 - 6 9 - 2
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CHAPTER 2
CHAPTER 2.
..,
RHA 7100. l
GUIDELINES FOR EVALUATION OF WORKABLE PROORAM APPLICATIONS
1.
GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF ADMINISTRATION. Workable Program applications will be evaluated in light of the varying conditions,
backgrounds, problems, and traditions of the par-ticula~ community.
In view of the difficulty of establisQing predetermined standards
of compliance having equal applicability to all communities
throughout the nation, the Department's review and determination
will be guided by the statutory requirements, the adequacy of the
community's proposed effort as measured against the magnitude of
the job to be done, and the constraints of available Federal, State,
and local resources. A second major consideration governing the
evaluation of application for recertification will be evidence of
reasonable continuing progress toward meeting the statutory goals
and objectives and -those set forth by the community.
2.
REQUIREMENTS FOR APPLJs;:.ATION CONTENT. The Workable Program is the
locality's program, and it i s the r esponsibility of the locality
to establish goals, action programs , and time t able s for accomplishment in each of the four elements discussed in subsequent chapters.
The goals, action programs, and timetables must be approved by the
Department, except where otherwise indicated in Chapter 5, pa r agraph 3. Because the emphasis is on the locality 's responsibi l ity
to develop its own program tailbred to its own needs and abilities
rather than on complying with speci fic Departmental requirements,
the community's application must contain sufficient evidence and
detail to permit an objective basis for review and evaluation .
Therefore, the application must clearly and specifically describe
what the community inte nds to do during the next certification
period in each of the four Workable Program elements. When applying for r ecertification, the application must also clearly describe
what ste ps the community t ook in the l ast period, in order to
provide a basis for measurement of the community ' s continuing
progress toward meeting the agree d-upon goals and objectives. In
developing its "work program" in each of the four elements for the
next certification period , the community must also show how the
proposed act ivit ies are related to a n analysis of the problems or
needs, and t o longer-range tar ge t s for accomplishment. For exampl~
in deve loping a program to meet the r equirement of Chapter 6 to
expand the supply of housing for low- and moderate-income families,
the applicat ion should show the relationship of it s proposed
program and timet ables to an anal ysis of needs in the community
and to its longer-range goals or targe ts for expansion of such
supply. The questions included in Application Form 1081 are
designed to e licit the information and evidence required to provide
a reasonable basis for approving or disapproving the community ' s
Workable Program Application.
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3.
4.
CRITERIA FOR EVALUATION OF WORKABLE PROGRAM APPLICATION. In reviewing a community' s application for certification or recertification of a Workable Program, the Department's assessment will be
based on the followin g factors:
a.
Problem Analysis. Adequacy of the community's analysis of the
problems and needs where required by the Workable Program
elements.
b.
Long-Ra nge Goals . Adequacy and reasonableness of the longrange goals and targets for accompli shment proposed by the
community for overcoming such problems .
c.
Action Programs. Adequacy of the specific a ctions and timetables proposed- to be taken by the community during the next
period of certification to deal with the problems identifi ed,
in light of available resource s and the magnitude of the
problems .
d.
Progress. Demonstration of r easonable continuing progress
toward meeting goals and objectives specified by the community.
BASIS FOR DETERMINING ACCEPTABILITY . The acceptability of a community's initi a l appl ication for ; certification will be base d on
the adequacy of the problem or nee d ana lysis in each of the
e l ement s , th e extent to whi ch longer-range goals or targe t s have
been identifi ed in r e lation to need, and the adequacy of the proposed action programs, in light of both need and available
resources . The acceptability of an application for r ecertifi cation
will b e based on t he performance of the community in meeting the
goa l s, t argets, and timetable s agr ee d to at the last certification,
as well as on the extent to which the proposed l ev e l of e f f ort
r epresent s continui ng progr ess fr om the l a s t per i od t oward meeting
its longer-range targe t s . When unexpe cte d developments or changed
conditions prevent a community from meeting its agr eed- to obj e ctives and time tabl~s, the application for r e certificat ion must
include a de tailed explanation of the r ea sons .
.)
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CJW>TER 3
,,
CHAPTER 3.
1.
ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS AND PROCEDURES
FOR WORKABLE PROGRAM CERTIFICATION
FILING OF APPLICATION FOR CERTIFICATION. Form HUD-1081 is to be
used by the community to apply for certification or recertification of its Workable Program. Careful attention to the preparation of format and content will obviate the need for correspondence
with the community and thus help to expedite the review and
evaluation of the application and its approval.
An original and three copies of Form HUD-1081 are to be submitted
to the appropriate HUD Regional Office. An application for
recertification should be submitted at least 60 days prior to
expiration of the community's current Workable Program certification.
A community desiring to discuss Workable Program policies and
requirements or to obtain assistance and guidance in the preparation of the required Form 1081 should communicate with the HUD
Regional Office.
2.
GOVERNING BODY APPROVAL OF THE WORKABLE PROO-RAM. Before being
submitted to the Regional Office, the application for certification and recertification on Form HUD-1081 must be approved by the
executive head and the governing~- body of the community.
3.
NOTIFICATION OF APPROVAL OR DISAPPROVAL. The HUD Regional Office
will advise the applicant community of approval or disapproval of
the Workable Program application for certification.
a.
Reasons for Disapproval or Conditional Approval. Applicati9ns
may· be disapproved or conditionally approved for ~ither of two
reasons listed below; an explanation of the basis for such
action will be provided to the community.
(1)
Failure by the community to carry out the plan of action
and timetable it proposed for the last certification
period. In the event of disapproval or conditional
approval for this reason, the community will be advised
of the actions it must take to carry out the plans or
steps it initially proposed but did not take and did not
provide justification for not taking.
( 2)
Inadequacy of plans, programs, and timetables -proposed by
the community for the next certification period. In the
event of disapproval or conditional approval for this
reason, the community will be informed of the nature of
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the inadequacy of its proposed plans and programs, and
will be requested to submit additional information needed
to remedy such inadequacies.
b.
4.
Time Limit. Applications that are conditionally approved will
provide a reasonable, definite time limit for accomplishment
of required actions. In the event of a conditional approval,
applications for financial assistance under the applicable HUD
programs will be processed, but final approvals will be withheld until the Workable Program is fully approved. ( Once a
community's application is approved, no further requirements
will be imposed during the period of certification.)
CERTIFICATION PERIOD. All Workable Program certifications are for
a two-year period. If certification of a Workable Program has
expired, the execution of contracts for assistance is precluded
with respect to the applicable programs listed in Chapter 1,
paragraph 5. Certification is deemed not to expire, however, but
rather to continue in effect for the following purposes:
a.
To provide Federal assistance under Title I of the Housing Act
of 1949 for any urban project in the locality with respect to
which a loan and grant contract is executed prior to the expiration date.
-~.-: i
b.
To provide Federal assistance under the United States Housing
Act of 1937 for any low-rent public housing being undertaken
by the locality with respect to which a contract for annual
contributions or capital grant is executed prior to the ex-.
piration date.
c.
To provide mortgage and home improvement loan insurance under
Section 220 of the National Housing Act with respect to property in the locality situated in:
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(1)
The area of any urban renewal project for which a loan and
grant contract is executed prior to the expiration date,
or
(2)
Any urban renewal area not involving Federal aid under
Title I of the Housing Act of 1949 respecting which prior
to the expiration date the Secretary of Housing and Urban
Developnent has certified that he has approved the urban
renewal plan for the area, that such plan conforms to the
general plan for the locality as a whole, and that there
exist the -necessary authority and financial capacity to
ensure the completion of such urban renewal plan .
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d.
5,
To provide mortgage insurance under Section 221(d)(3) of the
National Housing Act with respect to property in the locality
for which a pre-application analysis has been made by the
Federal Housing Administration and it has agreed in writing
to accept a formal application prior to the expiration date,
or located in the area of any urban renewal project for which
a loan and grant contract is executed prior to the expiration
date.
CERTIFICATION LAPSE. Where a Workable Program certification has
expired and a lapse has occurred , the community will be required
to show the progress made in meeting Workable Program r equirements
not only during the period in which the Workable Program was in
effect, but also during the lapse d period. Thus, it is important
that a community anticipate the expiration -date and initiate the
actions necessary to prepare an application for recertification
sufficiently in advance of this dat so that lapse may be avoided.
6.
.'TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE TO COMMUNITIES .
7,
RELATIONSHIP OF WORKABLE PR(X;RAM AND URBAN RENEWAL REQUIREMENTS.
Communities intending to apply for urban renewal assistance should
be aware of the following statutory requirements:
In accordance with Section
lOl(d) of the Housing Act of 1949, as amended, the Department will
endeavor to the maximum extent possible, to assist communities in
meeting their Workable Program objectives. Field reviews of
progress will be made as necess~ry midway through the period of
certification and Regional Office staff will be available to the
ext ent resources permit to provide consultation , advice , and
t echnical assistance.
a.
No loan or grant contract may be e ntered into for an urban
renewal project unless the Workable Program 11 is of sufficient
scope and content to furnish a basis for evaluation of the need
for the urban renewal project, and such project is in accord
with the program. 11
b.
The plan for an urban r enewal project must "conform to the
general plan of the locality as a whole and to the Workable
Program . . . "
c.
In entering into any contract for advances for surveys, plans,
and other preliminary urban renewal work, the Secretary must
"give consideration to the extent to which appropriate local
public bodies have undertaken positive programs (through the
adoption, modernization, administration, and enforcement of
housing, zoning, building and other local laws, codes, and
regulations . . . ) for (1) preventing the spread or recurrence
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in the community of slums and blighted areas, and (2) encouraging housing cost reductions through the use of appropriate
new materials, techniques, and methods in land and residential
planning, design, and construction, the increase of efficiency
in residential construction, and the elimination of restrictive practices which unnecessarily increase housing costs."
d.
HUD will not authorize a Federal aid contract for a Neighborhood Development Program (NDP) unless there is in existence a
certified Workable Pro gram which is of sufficient scope and
content to furnish a basis for evaluation of the need for the
proposed NDP activities and such activities are in accord with
the Workable Program.
Communities are advised that because of the above statutory provisions, requirements for urban r enewal assistance may differ from
those nec essary for Workable Program certification purposes in the
following ways:
a.
Evaluation of Urban Renewal Need. With respect to subparagraphs a. and d., above, a community int ending to apply for
urban renewal or NDP assistance should ensure that the studies
undertaken in connection with the planning and programming requirement describ ed in Chapte;r, 5 are of sufficient scope and
quality to provide a basis for evaluation of the need for the
urban renewal project or NDP activities. In general, the
studies carried out under th e Workable Program should be
adequate to determine that the area is sufficiently blighted
or deteriorated to qualify for an urban renewal or NDP program.
Information should be included to illustrate both building and
environmental deficiencies, such as overcrowded conditions,
exce·ssive densiti es, and so forth . For further information on
urban renewal eligibility requirements see RHA 7205.1 of the
Urban Renewal Handbook, Chapter 1, General Eligibility Requirements. A community may, if it so wishes, supplement its'
Workable Program submission with other related studies having a
bearing, such as a Community Renewal Pro gram, General Neighborhood Renewal Program, or other similar studies.
b.
Renewal Plans. With respect to b ., above, the Urban Renewal
Handbook sets forth the following minimum elements of a general
plan: land use plan, thoroughfare plan, community facilities
plan, public improvement s program, zoning ordinance and map and
subdivision regulations . The preparation of such plans ( except
for a zoning ordinance or other comparable memo for guiding
land usage) is not a prerequisite to the approval of the
Workable Program, though many communities may find the preparaof them helpful in the development of general plans to guide
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WORKABLE PROGRAM FOR COMMUNITY IMPROVEMENT
RHA
7100.11
CHAPTER 3

community growth and development, which is a Workable Program
requirement describ ed in Chapter 5. In addition, for purpose s
of approving specific urban renewal proj ects, a greater de gree
of planning completion may be required than would be necessary
for Workable Program purposes, e spe cially in smaller communities and others seeking initial certification or recertification.
c,
..,
Codes. With respect to c., above, a community intending to
apply for urban renewal assistance is advised that approval of
the housing, building , and other code r equir ements of the
Workable Pro gram will constitute compliance for urban. r e newal
purpose s with Se ction lOl(a) of the Housing Act of 1949, and
no additional information will be r equired for that purpo s e.
8.
AVAILABILITY OF WORKABLE PR03RAM AS PUBLIC DOCUMENT. Since th e
Workable Pro gram is a publi c docume nt , i t must be made available
for public perusal a nd examination. At the ir reque st, copies
should be made available by the locality to citizen groups and
organizations which should be encourage d to participate in the
'develoµn ent and implementation of the Workable Pro gram.
9.
GUIDES . Supplementary guide s will be issue d to provide communities
with advi ce and illustrat ions in conne ction with carryi ng out the
Workable Pro gr am, including des crJption of the s cope a nd conte nt
of compr ehensive pl~nni ng progr ams, ways of organizing and carrying
out effe ctive r e lo cation and code enforcement pro grams, and means
for encouraging and deve loping citi zen involvement. Pending i ssuance of the Guides , questions and r eque sts for technica l assistance
should be dire ct ed to the Regional Offi ce.
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�WORKABLE PROGRAM FOR COMMUNITY IMPROVEMEN'r
RHA 7100.1

CHAPTER 7
CHAPTER 7.
CITIZEN INVOLVEMENT
1.
REQUIREMENTS FOR CITIZEN I NVOLVEMENT. A guiding principle of Departmental policy is to in sure that citizens have the opportunity
to participate in policies and prograijls which affect their welfare.
Therefore, the Workable Program requires clear evidence that the
community provides opportunities for citizens, including those who
are poor and members of minority groups, to participate in all
HUD assisted programs for which a Workable Program is a requirement, and in the community's plan to expand the supply of low- and
moderate-income housing. (S ee Chapter 1, paragraph 5 for li st of
applicable HUD programs.) The community will also be expected to
show what progress has be en made durin g each certification period
to achi eve an adequate and effective degree of citizen involvement.
2.
PRINCIPLES AND PURPOSES OF CITIZEN INVOLVEMENT, The growing complexity of urban deve lopme nt and gove rnment organization make it
essential that widespr ead opportunities for citizen involvement
be created, including opportunities for poor and minority groups,
for many reasons. In some cases, existing local institutions
seem unable to identify the serious proplems of many citizens, as
the citizens define them. In turn, th e people may feel cut off
from their public r epresentative·s', and lack understanding of what
government is doing to and for them. At the same time, traditional
acts of pa rticipa.tion--voting , attendance at meetings, letters to
Congressmen-- are frequently ineffective in dealing with the immediate problems raised by increasingly l ar ge and complex programs
having direct impact on peoples' lives. For these reasons, new
forms of collaborative relationships between citizens and government, new means for participation in the decision-making process,
need to be developed. Recognizing th e need for experimentation and
innovation, the Workable Program does not contain any specific requirements for the form that citizen participation must take. Tne
choice of mechanisms depends upon the needs of the particular community and the structure of the local government. However, there
are certain principles and objectives which should underlie the
community's effort. One is that the community's responsibility
does not end with the establishment of a particular mechanism or .
set of mechanisms. The Workable Program requires continuing effort
on the part of the community to improve and expand the opportunities for creative forms of participation and collaboration that
both ensure repres entation by poor and minority groups. as well as
enable government to take effective, purposeful, and expert action
to deal with the problems and needs facing the community. It is
essentia l that the participation be satisfying, rewarding, and not
frustratin g if it is to achieve the basic objective of cr eating
and sustaining a vo luntary union and mutual trust between governand its citizens.
p
338- 597 0 - 60 - J
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�WORKABLE PROORAM FOR COMMUNITY IMPROVEMENT
I
RHA 7100.1
"
CHAPTER 7
3,
EXAMPLES OF CITIZEN INVOLVEMENT ACTIVITIES. It is important that
the community deve lop specific plans for achieving and maintaining
adequate and e ffective citizen involveme nt in the programs covere d.
A community may establish a new community-wide advisory committee
embracing all major interests~ including the poor and members of
minority groups or may create several new special-purpose groups,
or may make b ette r utilization of existing organi zations. Communities which already have establishe d ef.fective citizen advisory
committees for Workable Program purposes are encouraged to retain
them and improve their effectiveness. Communities participating
in the Mode l Cities program or other programs involving a high
degree of citizen participation are encouraged to coordinate the
citizen involvement activities under the Workable Program with the
citi zen pa rtic ipat ion r equirements of th ese programs , where
applicable. In addition to establishing appropriate organizational means for citizen involvement, a community may wish to
take such steps as the following in orde-r - t o- further the objectives
of this element:





a.
.. .. ,
,
,
b.
The developfilent of specific function s for c itizen committees,
such as having t hem hold public hearings , prepare comments on
Workable Program appli cation s , evalua t e proj ect pla n s , conduct
interviews and surveys of neighborhood residents ' views, etc.
The development of specific methods by which the community can
establi sh a basis for insuring there will be fa ir and reasonable r epr esentativeness of advisory committee s participa ting
in th e Workable Program. For example , one method by which to
compo se a community-wide advisory committee might be to choose
repres entatives in equal proportions, from private neighborhood
groups, government program-connected advisory groups, and civic
groups.
/
4.
c.
The establi shment of a planning group t o he l p develop new ideas
and t e chniques for generating greater involvement among poor
and di sadva ntaged groups .
d.
The pr ovision of funds and technical assistance to neighborhood
and other advisory groups so they may become be tter informed
and equippe d t o deal with complex redevelopment problems.
e.
The assignment of specific activities in HUD- assiste d pro j ects
to de signate d ne ighborhood groups, such as evaluating site and
design cons ide r ations, e stablishing information centers, and
making recommendations with r espect to housing project regulation s.
CRITERIA FOR EVALUATION OF APPLICATIONS. To provide a basis for
.e valua ting the citize n involveme nt el ement of Workable Program
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�WORKABLE PROORAM FOR COMMUNITY IMPROVEMENT
I
RHA 7100.~
CHAPTER 7

applications and for determining the adequacy of such involvement,
the community will be expected to submit the following kinds of
information:
a.
A description of the arrangements or working relationships
established to provide citizen groups with opportunities for
access to the decision-making pro.cess with respect to the related HUD-assisted projects related to the Workable Program.
b.
A description of the nature and range of issues with which the
participating groups and individuals have dealt, the recommendations subsequently made, and the general results and
accomplishments derived from such involvement.
c.
A description of the specific steps the community took in the
preceding period and proposes to take in the next certification
period to achieve or maintain an adequate and effective degree
of citizen involvement, including plans for providing sufficient information, technical assistance, and access to decision-making.
\.>,
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