Box 3, Folder 1, Document 33

Dublin Core

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Submitted by


Robert M. Wood, Chairman

John W. Cox, Executive Director


This report is a summary review of work done by variOus agencies, organi-
zations, individuals and branches of government Federal, State and Local in
the 1968 Youth Opportunity Program.

In late January 1968 Vice President Hubert Humphrey, Chairman of the Pres-
ident's Committee on Youth Opportunity invited the city of Atlanta to a ape—
cial meeting in washington, DHC. The overall purpose of this meeting was to
provide activities for disadvantaged Youth in the areas of Employment, Recrea-
tion and Educationo

Atlanta began.immediately to plan and coordinate programs for youth acti-
vities using all available resourcesp

Federal assistance was iven to help Atlanta get it's programs for youth
underway. This assistance included a $30,000 planning grant from the Depart-
ment of Housing and Urban DeveIOpment. Those planning funds were utilized
by the Atlanta Children and Youth Services Council, the official coordina-
ting agency for the city of Ltlcnta.

The staff of the Atlanta Children and Youth Services Council was assign-
ed the responsibility for broad coordination of the entire Youth Opportunity
Program. The program was designed by April 1958 and implemented in June

Members of the staff are: John W. Cox, Executive Director

Louis E. Ditkins
Terry Allen
Steve Fox


Responding to the Vice President's request the city of Atlanta, at the
request of Mayor Ivan Allen, Jr", established the Mayor's Council on Ybuth
Opportunity. Out of this Council came subatommittees to deal with the pro—
blems. These are:

Employment u Mr. Charles Storm, Lockheed Corp., Georgia
Recreation h Mra Harry Helton, YMCA
Education v Mrs. Betty Cantor, B'nai B'rith

Publicity n Miss Ann Cobb, Shell Oil Company

3, Special Events ~ fir. Steve Fox

The effectiveness of there committees as well as the entire Youth Oppor-
tunity Program is documented in the proceeding pages. There were two addition-
al committees:

1. Juvenile Delinquency — Mr. James McGovern

2. Individual and Casework
Services -~ Mrs. Edith Hambrick
Mrs. Marian Ford


Some of the tutorial and study-help programs operated in the Youth Oppor-
tunity Program are as follows:

a. Cabbagetown Recreation/Work Youth Center: This program was designed to
1’ involve 50-100 males and females in and out of school, ages 12-21, in a
program of recreation, employment, education, and cultural enrichment ~
activities as field trips, camping, tutorial, etc. The project lasted, ...i*

at. '

for twelve weeks and served 100 youth per day. fi“: (

Central YWCA - Job DXploration for Teen Teams: This employment, educa5
tional and recreational program utilized 40-50 youth in a six week trainr
ing program to work with various children's programs (ages 5-11), includ-
ing playgrounds, tutoring, story telling, etc. A group of ten teens
(ages 15’17) and a young adult leader worked as a team in areas. The
project lasted for approximately seven weeks, and served 14 youth per

Butler Street YMCA - Education and Employment: A Workhstudy seminar conn
ducted at.resident camp for twelve high school graduates from poverty
backgrounds; The activity of the seminars consisted of information that
was applicable to college entrance, discflssion on current Social events,
etc: The project laSted for twelVe weeks and served 10 youth per days

Emory Unhrersity — Division of Librarianship: Story—telling Courses
This educational program was designed to provide efficiency for a Story
Teller used during the summer in various recreation programs. The pro-
ject provided twelve courses utilizing 20 enrollees for an eight week

pd m 1""
Sm—Mec Neighborhood EOA Center - Mechanicsville Summer Project: This {(2943-

program operated out of the Pryor Street School. It provided recrea- *2!:____——
tion and education needs during the summer months. A large amount of

youth of the area were hired. The project lasted for three months and

served 300 youth per day. '

In addition to the above programs other private organizations operated
tutorial and studyshelp programs.

The Anti—Deformation League of B'nai B'rith operated a tutorial project
in the Perry Homes Area.

An inter—agency project working with high absenteeism families, including
130 youth from these families operated in the Perry Homes Area.

Saint Vincent de Paul Church Operated a tutorial project in the Perry
Homes Area.

The Third Army operated a full and comprehensive program in the Poole
Creek Area which included education, recreation, tutoring and special

The Arts and Cultural activities of the Atlanta Youth Opportunity Program
were perhaps the most comprehensive of any city with comparable groups Opera-
ting projects in all sections of the city. The members and associates of
the Atlanta Arts Council as well as the Georgia Arts Commission offered a
large variety of programs and activities to Atlanta's youth. In addition

the Atlanta public schools, the Parks and Recreation Department and EOA
offered cultural activities.

The various arts and other groups offering programs and services were as

Phyllis Wheatley YWCA — Project A Twilight Enrichment Program ---9 This

cultural, recreational, educational, group guidance and leadership deve10p—
ment project was designed to help youth enrich their social and spirit-

ual lives in the Vine City, Simpson, Beckwith, Fair and Walnut Street
areas. The project attempted to help 45 prewteens (6-12) and 35 teenagers
(13n16). The Specific activities included day camp activity. ‘The pro-
ject lasted approximately eight weeks and served 155 youth per day.

Central City EDA w Operatigpmzppgh unnn This is an employment, recreational,
cultural, and educational program which served 500 males and females, ages
5—25, in and out of school, in a comprehensive program of recreation and
cultural activities, including diversified playground programs, field

trips, crafts, dramatics, dance, group discussion, etc. _The project lasted
eleven weeks. -

The Church of the master, United Presbyterian USA ei-— This progrdtgwas.a

recreational, educational and cultural enrichment program serving youth
in arts and crafts, lectures (sports, social topics, current events),
field trips, tutorial programs, dancing, games, Sports, and counseling
services. The project lasted approximately eight weeks.

Ruth Mitchell Dance Company w Dance Instruction in Modern Jazz Ballet -?rr_

This recreational, educational, and cultural program was designed to utili-p

ze youth, ages 9nl5, in providing classes in Modern Jazz Ballet, in pre-_
paration for a program presented by the youth. This project lasted for
ten weeks. I

Academy Theatre m Project Circus --«n A recreational, educational, and
cultural program designed to utilize some 50 youth throughout Atlanta

who were trained in theatre and dramatic techniques. The Academy pro-_
duced five shows (Circus) per week for a six week period. The Theatre
handled 180 kids per performance.

Theatre Atlangg man» This project produced plays which were presented on
a mobile theatre facility to four EDA target areas._ The project served
and employed youth and young adults, and lasted for eight weeks.

There were two photography projects Operated in the Youth Opportunity Pro-
gram. One was financed by a local group through Clark College and the
YMCA, and the other was financed by the Georgia Arts Commission. These
projects served 30 youth weekly.

Arthur Harris, President of Scripto, contributed 1,500 dollars to begin
an art program. This program was succassfully sustained. It lasted
from July 3 to September 3.

The Briggs Gallery sponsored art contests for the under~privileged. A
prize as well as a possible scholarship was awarded the winner.

Leroy Nciman, Playboy Magazine Art Director, came to Atlanta on a no sal—
ary basis to conduct an art school for the poor people.


Workshops, Inc. ----- This project provided number of plays for recrea-
tional programs throughout the city. 500 young peOple have participated in
this program.

Another project working in support of the Educational and Cultural aspect
Of the Youth Opportunity Program was the Back-to—School Project. The Atlanta
Schools, the Youth Council, EDA and Community Chest agencies launched an ef-
fort to get youth to return to school. This effort took place beginning in
August, 1968. Approximately 3,000 school drOpouts and potential dropouts
were contacted and urged to remain in or return to school. many of these con-
tacts Were on a person—to~person basis.

It is estimated that approximately 30,000 children and youth were involved
in various types of remedial, advanced, and Special educational programs, in-

cluding formal summer school.
Upwards of 50,000 disadvantaged children and youth participated in the

225 educational programs.‘
In addition to the regular summer program, several special programs were
provided under Title I and III EASA by the Atlanta and Dekalb County Boards

of Education.

The Education aspect of the Youth Opportunity Program generally Operated
effectively. However, some Specific problems did occur. In order to preVent
their reoccurance in the future the recommendations following are offered;

1. That formal and informal aspects of the education program be operative
up to the last week of August, thereby eliminating confusion.

2. That more afternoon and evening remedial programs for Older working teen-
agers be Operated during the summer months.

That private and parochial schools be urged to participate in the Youth
Opportunity Program by offering programs, scholarships, personnel, etc.
to inner city youth. '

That the Board of Education explore the possibility of finding citizens
or youth groups under Title I and other resources to carry out innovations
and creative Educational Programs.

That the Vocational Educational Department undertake creative Work-Study
Programs during the summer to introduce to high school youth various
vocational occupations.

That the Board of Education and the Fulton and Dekalb Counties Depart—
ments of Public Welfare undertake a day and resident camp Program for
the educationally retarded individual using a combination of State and

Federal funds .

That the Board of Education support a youth operated curriculum deve-
IOpment project Operated during the summer 1969 utilizing EASE Act


That the Atlanta Colleges be encouraged to identify and Sponsor programs
that will enable high risk, talented and f or poor youth and minority
youth to attend college in the fall.

That a greater participation by private agencies in tutorial programs
be undertaken.

That early lines of communications by area offices and citizens be eaten

blished to decide what programs could best meet community needs.

11. That education orientation projects be established during the summer
so that youth who are recent releasees from institutions are provided
with reorientation.

12. That closer coordination between educationsand recreation programs be


There are approximately 500,000 children and youth in Greater Atlanta.
Most of these were seeking ways to Spend their summer leisure time. Unfor-
tunately, the lack of recreational and informal educational programs was
most acute in the poverty communities. Realizing the great need and short-
age of wholesome recreational activities year round, the various parks, the
public schools and libraries, the art groups, the EDA Neighborhood Service
Centers, the Community Chest Agencies, and several youth groups planned
approximately 68 projects. These projects combine several recreation, and
education and employment. Many of these were youth managed and operated.

The City of Atlanta Parks and Recreation and School Departments, EOA,
United Appeal, and several other agencies carried the major reaponsibilities
for the recreational program in the target areas. The activities of these
programs varied.

There were several privatelyss ponsored recreational projects. These
included camping activities by the Boy Scouts, Camp Fire Girls, YMCA, YWCA,
and the Bethlehem Centers. The number of youth served in the various camp-
ing programs are as follows:

Resident Camp Day Camp
AGENGY 1967 1960 1967 1960

MetrOpolitan YMCA ’ 872 893/ 765 700
Butler Street YMCA IV 293 444?/ ?54 ' 624
Metropolitan YWCA j' &l 447 690 740
Boy Scouts ’ q . 3807 4010 79 121
Salvation Army . ___n 180 ___ 200
Girl Scouts 681 754 2143 1463
Camp Fire Girls ' 434 429 430 311
wesley Home 105 200 140 150
Atlanta Parks Department 868 645 1645 1319
Girls Club 54 70 51 112
Boys Club 431 533 ___H
Grady Girl's Club 900 1002

—.n-———_—_._._.—-.._.,__._ ._—___.._._.._._.._.....

Total 8072 12612 " 7042

A significant part of the recreation program is the fact that it employed
approximately- ,300 youth to work in various programs and activities.

The Atlanta Parks and RecreatiOn Department has served approximately
525,000 youth (turnstile count) in summer recreational opportunities. In
addition, a large number of youth have received recreational opportunities
through the various school activities. In this respect, the public agencies
have far exceeded any efforts at any time in the past in their various re-
creational programs and activities.

Usually, the ultimate success of any program depends upon the concern and


involvement of private groups and organizations. The.various private organi:,
cations and agencies in Atlanta have significantly contributed to the OVsrall
summer recreational effortl. Many of these agencies have provided resources
over and above normal expectations.

Dekalb YWCA - Kirkwood Swimming Class -—-- This program provided-swimming‘
activities for fifty youth ages 7-12,in school. It lasted for.approximately

twelve weeks.

Edgewood Neighborhood EDA Center - East Lake Youth Summer Recreation Programppgq
This summer recreation program served about 500_youth of all ages. Activi«
ties-included sewing, crafts, stamp collections, guitar lessons, piano lessons,
dancing, mood work, and Sports. -It lasted approximately nine weeks.

Edgewood Neighborhood EOA Center - Kirkwood Skating Project ---- A program to
provide skating activities for 200 youth and young adults, age 6125. The
project employed twelve young adults from the community. The project lasted
approximately ten weeks.

Rockdale County EDA and Recreation Commission ---- The project provided rec:
creational, educational, and cultural activities for some 600 youth and young
adults. The project employed 30 target area youth to supervise the major ace
tivities as teacher aides, ground keepers, equipment managers, and tonnes:
sion workers. Activities included sports, arts and crafts, drama, and act:
ting. The project lasted for twelve weeks.

West Central EOA Neighborhood Center re?! A recreational, educational, and GUI!
tural enrichment program which served approximately 5,400 persons of all ages.
Activities for this program included indoor and outdoor recreation, arts and
crafts, headstart, trips to interesting places, neighborhood cleanups, etc.

The project lasted approximately eleven weeks.

Edgewood Neighborhood EOA Center 9 Summer Crash Recreation Project ---- This
unique pilot project utilised six youth from the area to work with mentally
retarded children. The project served 24 mentally retarded children by pro:
viding daily mental and physical activities. It lasted for nine weeks.

Emmaus House -—-- A unique program designed to take 100 boys and girls of
the Peoplestown-Summerhill area to Jekyll Island for one week in an attempt
to replace a slum setting with a memorable experience of a world they have
never known. Activities for this program included recreational activity,
and counseling. After returning these youth engaged in a seven week reme-

dial reading program. The project lasted for eight weeks.

College Park Civic and Education Club, Inc. ---u This project both recrear
tional and educational served approximately 9,000 youth, both male and fe:
male 0 1 ages that reside in louvincome communities. The project utilis
zed«4lf r youth as youth assistance and nine young adults, Activities

for this program included recreation, sports, arts and crafts, daily person-
al hygiene, trips and excursions, ceramics and diversified playground pro-
grams. It lasted for twelve weeks,

East Point Recreation Department 9999 This_project covered the four target
areas in the city. It was designed to meet the recreational needs of 5,000
persons of all ages. The,project employed eight young adults and youth from
each of the area blocks. Activities included sports, playground activities,
‘ arts and crafts, ceramics, sewing, personal hygiene and grooming, trips and
:;;’g§pursions, teen programs, senior citizen's program, swimming and pro-school
. .

programs; The project leated for eight weeks.

North Fulton EOA Center ---- A twelve week program designed to provide re-
creational activities for some 500-600 youth of both sexes, ages 8-18. The
project consisted of hiring one youth worker in each local community to work
under the local supervisor. Activities for the project consisted of softball,
horseshoes, basketball, badminton, baseball, volleyball, and croquet.

In addition to the various recreation projects, special activities have
been offered by some agencies and-organizations.

The WAOK Dance Mbbile has entertained and provided recreation for 14,000
youth in the Youth Opportunity Program.

The Book Mobile has served 10,000 youth this summer.

200 youth participated in the Junior Olympics Program.

The overall efforts of the recreation program has been generally more ex-
tenesive and meaningful as Opposed to last year's program. Several businesses
and citizens have made significant contributions to this program.

The Atlanta Rotary Club made available many camperships for several youth.
In addition the Atlanta Rotary Club assisted in the establishment of a '
Boy's Club in one of Atlanta‘s Poverty Areas. The cost of both of these
contributions was $14,000.

In addition to regular Parks facilities, some of the additional opera-

ting_facilities provided by the Parks and Recreation Department are as

Facility Number
Tot Lots 73
Ports-Pools 14

The total cost of the recreation program for the 1968 Youth Opportunity
Campaign was approximately $1,260,300. A description of approximately how
much money was spent in this component is listed as follows:


City of Atlanta $300,000.
EDA (Including 0E0 grant) 600,000.
Private Donations ' 354,800.
United Appeal Agencies (unfunded) 5,;00.

Total $l$260 , 300.

_ Many other donations were made to this aspect of the Youth Opportunity
Program for which cash value is difficult to determinate. These donations are
listed in another part of this report.

The recreational aspect of the Youth Opportunity Program has far exceeded
any previous efforts. The Parks and Recreation Dapartment, EDA and united
Appeal agencies have provided outstanding participation and support. Some
problems did arise, however, and the following recommendations are aimed at

preventing them in the future;

1. That an increase in the duality and quantity of recreational activities
for teenagers be provided.

That swimming pools be cpen during some evenings until 10 o'clock.-

That churches and private agencies provide substantially more camper-
ships for inner city youth. .

That the locating of recreational services and facilities be re-examined
and gaps and duplication be eliminated. '

That private agencies make better and wider use of their staff and fat-
ilities throughout the summer months.

That closer coordination between EDA and the Parks Department be under-

That funds be made available to the Recreation Department at the first
of the Year;


The fact that the regular projects and programs in the 1968 Youth Oppor-
tunity Program have Operated so effectively may be due to the various donaa
tions and contributions made for the summer effort by private citizens, bus-
inesses and civic organizations and grOUps and federal agencies.

The Federal Executive Board donated 3,000 envelopes and postage for use
in the Back-to-School Project.

$15,000 was donated by the Coca Cola Company, the Coca Cola Bottling Com-
pany, and a private citizen for the purchase of the Show Mobile.

Davison's, an Atlanta Department Store, donated the printing of 40,000
resources inventories.

The Montag Corporation donated more than 300 reams of paper and art sup-
plies as a special contribution to the Youth Opportunity Program.

Ian.Pnrta—Pools (portable swimming pools) were donated to the summer
Youth Opportunity Program by private businesses and organizations. They

1. Ivan Allen Company - 1 Ports Pool

2. C & 3 Bank - 1 Ports Pool

Trust Company of
Georgia 1 Porta Pool

Rich Foundation 5 Ports Pools
Coca Cola Company 1 Ports Pool

Georgia Power Co. 1 Ports Pool


Southern Concrete Company donated a $50 campership to the Youth Oppor-
tunity Program for under-privileged youth.

Miss Rachel Bailey, private citizen donated $10.00 worth of Art supplies
to the Youth Opportunity Program.

4,000 free passes to Six Flags over Georgia plus $4,000 in Spending money
was donated to the Youth Opportunity Program by a donor.

The Atlanta Braves donated Y0,000 free passes to Braves Baseball games.

The Atlanta Braves - Chiefs donated 180,000 passes to the Atlanta Chiefs
soccer games.

The Coca Cola Company donated 1,000 Special passes to the Atlanta Braves
.Baseball Clinics and games. This donation included free hotdogs and c kes.

Arthur Harris, President of Scripto Company donated $1,500 to begin a
Special Art Program.

Frank Barracliff, a private citizen donated $100.00 Worth of plywood and
other lumber for use in the Youth Opportunity Program.

The Atlanta Braves donated 400 free passes to the College All Star Foot-
ball game as a Special contribution to the Youth Opportunity Program.

The Atlanta Braves donated 400 free passes to the Atlanta Jazz Festival
as a special contribution to the Youth Opportunity Program.

Theatre Under the Stars donated 3,100 free passes to poor youth as a
Special contribution to the Youth Opportunity Program.

Festival Cinema donated 3,100 free passes for youth over a six week per-
iod as a special contribution to the Youth Opportunity Program.

The various donations and contributions by private citizens and businesses
were in part immeasurably responsible for the success of the 1968 Youth Oppor-
tunity Campaign.

Mr. Henry 3. Chandler, a private citizen donated a variety of sport and
athletic equipment to the Youth Opportunity Program. Mr. Chandler's
donation was utilized by the Vine City Foundation.

In addition to the above donations in the form of talent and skills have
been by entertainers and athletes of national fame.

Carmen McRae, a national recording star, donated a concert to the Youth
Opportunity Program. Miss McRae entertained several hundred youth for
two hours.

The Tans, a top recording group, donated several performances to the Youth
Opportunity Program.

Miss Fat Lundy, a national recording star, donated several concerts to the
Youth Opportunity Program.


In addition to the various donations, another crucial aSpect of the Youth
Opportunity Program was the volunteer program. The key to the success of the
entire Youth Opportunity Program was the number of volunteers recruited. The
manpower needed to carry out the many activities in this program was too num-
erous to be obtained from the limited funds available. Therefore, a rigorous

effort was made to recruit the necessary volunteers for the 1968 Youth Oppor-
tunity Program.

One thousand and one hundred Federal employees volunteered to perform cer-
tain activities such as, recreation, tutorial, educational, and Arts and
cultural programs. More than 300 of these volunteers agreed to use their

cars for transporting youth to and from various locations as one-shot as-

Aluminum Corporation of America volunteered the use of one Company station
wagon once a Week.

Mr. Tome Harris of Higgens, Harris and Company volunteered to work on Sat-
urdays in the Youth Opportunity Program.

Mr. H. L. Selsch of Chamblee, Georgia volunteered to coach or tutor in the
Dekalb County section of Atlanta.

Two hundred volunteers contacted and encouraged some 2,500 youth drop-outs
to return to school.

Volunteers from Morehouse College and several Federal Agencies worked in
the absenteeism project.

Thirty volunteers worked in the Voluntary Probation Officers Program which
operated through the Fulton and Dekalb County Juvenile Courts.

The Fulton County Medical Society (member physicians) volunteered free
physical examinations for 795 youth. An additional 340 boys received free
physical examinations at the Kirkwood Health Center.

Eastern Airlines Stewardesses visited several centers in August and gave
discussions and exhibitions on poise, make-up and etc.


An unwed mothers project sponsored by the Emory Medical School, United
Appeal Casework Agencies, EOA; Fulton County Welfare Department, Community
Chest of Atlanta, and the Atlanta Youth Council operated in the Northwest
section of the city. Plans are now underway to expand this program to
include the entire Metropolitan Area.


many Special programs were provided in addition to regular summer programs
and activities. These special programs and activities were as follows:

1. Delta Airlines - free rides for 334 poor youth

5,000 free passes to the Cycloroma
Delta Airlines donated free rides to Jekyll Island for 120 youth.
The Air Force Association held a Special event for youth at the Stadium.

Juan Marchal, the t0p Giant pitching ace, Spoke to 200 youth at Sum-
mec EDA Center.

In conjunction with WSB, an art exhibition was held at Lenox Square ShOp-
ing Center in July and early August.

William Curry, a professional football player and former Georgia Tech
All American, gave film lecture demonstrations at three EOA centers.

The Women Chamber of Commerce gave 2 watermelon cuttings serving a total
of 335 peeple.

400 poor youth attended the Atlanta Jazz Festival free.

400 poor youth attended the All Star Football game free.

Chattalanta Games
325 youth competed with the youth of Chattanooga in S athletic events.
The activities took place in Chattanooga.

5,000 youth attended free the July Jubilee.


The 1968 Youth Opportunity Program was coordinated by the Atlanta
Children and Youth Services Councilo This council in serving as staff
to the Metropolitan Youth Opportunity Council. It is composed of appr
roximatelyffi agencies and organizations.

The Mayor of tie city of Atlanta serves as general chairman of the
Youth Opportunity Program. The Board of Directors of the Atlanta Child-
ren and Youth Service -3 Council serves as the Executive Committee of the
Youth 0pp01tunity P1ogram. The representatives of the various partici-
pating agencies and or r' isations serve as the members of the Youth Opp»

ortunity Program.

Early in 1968 the Chairman of the Atlanta Children and Youth Services
sent correspondence to every agency in the Metr0politan Atlanta area, in"
viting them to participate in the Youth Opportunity Program. Correspond—
ence was also sent to indir‘iccls and residents inviting them to parti-
cipate. More th-.n 8% ago—.cies and many individuals and businesses indie
cated they wouldp art1c1p1tc.

Evo.: y pzrticipt ”.nl orgznff11tion taking part in the Youth Opportunity
Program were involved in t'.o planning process. Several exploratory meetings
were held early in 1938 at which vs .rious committees and sub- committees were
formed. lore than } n ma meetings rei e held. At these meetings, the
following activities -- n.1ndmrtaken'

1. tstablishmcr.t -- program priorities

2. establishment employment subncommittee
3. establishment . recreation subwcommittee
4. establishment education subacommittee

. establishment r geographical aubncommittce

In addition, Economic Opportunity Atlanta, Inc., EDA Neighborhnod Service
Centers, The United Appeal Agencies, and the Atlanta Youth Congress held
several meetings and conferences with their participants and members to
ascertain their needs and interests"

The primary planning responsibilities for the 1968 program were assumed

E.O.An, inc. {Community Services Department)
United Appeal Agencies
The Parks and Recreation Department
. The.Atl£nm Children and Youth Services Council
. The Atlanta Public Schools
Other agencirs participating in planning were:
. The Georgia State Employment Services
WAGE: Radio Static-:1
The Federal LJDCECiVG Bo.ard
The City Ptc.owrc‘ Dop:r*:ment
.'. Kiticnal All c.-co of En: -inessmen
The ‘1 ntt Pub].’.c l’b"'
The , . LOUDL"‘OH
The ' 3 of C: :7 Zr-1icc a Coordina.tion
The United Lgpsfil Cc; GJO?Lk Agencies
The Lchalb County Hoalth Department
The Fu‘.ton County Health Department
Emory University
Atlanta University
Clara College
Morehouse College

17. Spelman College

18. Metro-CommiSsion for Crime and Delinquency

19. Fulton County medical Society

20; Grady Hospital (was Project)

21. The Christian Council of Atlanta

22. The NAACP

23. The Atlanta Urban League

24. The Junior Chamber of Commerce

25. The Shell Oil, Co.

26. The Lilies, Battle and Neal Public Relations Firm
2?. The Atlanta Police Department (Crime Prevention Bureau)

28. The Atlanta Youth Congress

All agencies and individuals requesting funds for the Youth Opportunity
Program were asked to submit a proposal to the Mayor's Council on Youth
Opportunity for approval under OEO and Youth Opportunity Program guidelines.
A screening committee was then organized to evaluate the proposed programs.
The committee personnel were representative of the total community, i.e.,
Youth Agencies, Private Agencies, Public Agencies and individuals from the
communities to be served.

The preposals submitted for funding were presented to the Community Ser-
vices Department E.O.A., Inc. by the screening committee. The Community
Services Department developed, under the guidelines (OEO and Youth Opportu-
nity Prograro all programs submitted. The total package of proposals was
then submitted to GEO-Washington for approval.

Included in the planning process were the several surveys and studies
made to assess the needs of Atlanta‘s youth and the gaps in services to
meet these needs. The following priorities Were established:

A. Employment
1. Youth 14—21 years of age
2. Poor youth

B. Recreation
1. Recreational activities of older youth during evening hours

2. Community organized athletics and activities
3. Organized athletic activities for inner city youth
1. Remedial programs in poverty schools
2. Tutorial and study help programs
3. Cultural enrichment programs
4. Hake-up programs for children attending half-day classes
5. Socially, academically and mentally retarded youth

A. unemployed poor youth 16—21

B. Socially and academically‘retarded youth 6-13

C. Delinquent and potentially delinquent youth 14—21

D. Culturally deprived youth of all ages

E. Community services and leadership development among youth 14-21

Each submitted proposal dealth with the priorities listed above. As
well as other needs in the city of Atlanta. These activities, for the
most part constituted the major portion of the 1968 Youth Opportunity

Program planning process.
The administrative cost involved in the planning were borne by E.O.A.,

Inc. and the Atlanta Children and Youth Services Council.
The many eXperiences encountered in the planning of this year's Youth

Opportunity Program necessitates the following recommendations;
1. That planning for the 1969 Youth Opportunity Program begin now at

the Neighborhood level.
That improvements be made on some coordination at the neighborhood

level among the various agencies concerned.
That the city appropriate to the council a small fund for hiring local

coordinators from march-June (part-time) from June—September (full-

That the Youth Council be strengthened and expanded and that it be
given authority and sanction by participating agencies to carry out
the necessary activities to effect implementation of various programs.
That the planning and administrative staff of the Youth Opportunity
Program be more closely related to the executive officers of the

Youth Opportunity Program, Atlanta Children and Youth Services Council
or the agency so designated.

That all programs in the Youth Opportunity Program, funded or endorsed
by local resources, be reviewed and evaluated and receive a sign-off
by the Atlanta Youth Congress.

That the type of cooperation as existed between EDA, united Appeal
and the Atlanta Children and Youth Services Council serves as a pro-
totype for all participating in the Youth Opportunity Program.

That a part of the city's and other funds be appropriated to the
Atlanta Children and Youth Services Council for coordination.

That youth and indigenous residents participate more fully and less
superficial in the Youth Opportunity Program planning.


It is most difficult to make a clear determination of the true monetary

cost of this program. However, the youth coordinator estimates the total
program cost to be $2,127,529. A detailed description is as follows:

Program Cost (Local, State, Federal) $1,300,529
Arts Program 75,000
Private Business 237,000
Atlanta Public Schools* 205,000
City of Atlanta 300,000

United Appeal Special Funds 10,000
TOTAL $2,127,529

The above figures are the estimated cash cost of the year's program.
As usual the cost in effort, tine, volunteers and other support can't be
eXpressed in monetary value. However, these particular facets of the pro-
gram have proved to be invaluable contributions to program operations.

* The figure for the Public Schools does not include the cost of operating
60 schools in a Special summer project.


The major emphasis of the 1968 Youth Opportunity Program was youth
employment. A job sub-committee Was created to deal with this Specific
program. This committee studied and devised plans to register, orient,
counsel, develop jobs, and place youth in jobs. The major objective was
to provide a job for every youth seeking one.

In order to determine the number of youth desiring employment this
summer, approximately 40,000 pre—job registration forms were sent to the
schools, neighborhood Service Centers and other agencies. 26,000 youth
indicated that they wanted Some type of summer employment. Because of
this large need for jobs, coordinated job development programs were imple-
mented. The resulting job placements by groups and agencies in lieu of
committments are as follows:


National Alliance of Businessmen 3,300 3,000
Summer Recreation EDA PrOposals 674
Federal Agencies 590

Subsidized Jobs (NYC) Vocational
Education, Title 1, etc. 2,032

City of Atlanta 688
Fulton County 0 15
Atlanta Youth Congress 0 200

Miscellaneous (GEES) 500 731
Total 5,275 7,730

The ?,730 youth employed this summer exceeded the committment by
approximately 47%.

The approximate amount of money earned by youth_this summer was

Detailed figures based on $600 per capita is as follows:

Agency Wage Cost

National Alliance of Businessmen $1,800,000
EDA 404,400
City of Atlanta 412,800
Fulton County 9,000
Youth Congress 120,000
Misc. (GSES) 438,600

Sub-total §3,184,800
Federal Agencies 354,000
Subsidized jobs 711,200

Sub—total $1,065,200

TOTAL $4 , 250 ,- 000

Butler Street YMCA - Work Incentive Demonstration Program ---- This project
was designed to serve 100 men between the ages of 16-21 in a work incen-
tive program with the hepe of employment after completion of the project.
The project lasted two weeks, and served 85 men.

Butler Street YMCA — Cagp Improvement Project ---- This employment program
was designed to utilize 90 youth between the ages of 16-21. The youth

Were involved in three weeks of campsite improvement of the Butler Street
YMCA's Lake Allatoona Campsite. Activities included the winterization

of existing camp structure, landscaping, and waterfront improvement.

It served 82 youth.

Young Heno 5 Civic League, Inc. ----- This unique work-recreation project A} r;
utilize2 Ozouth and young adults, male and female, ages 16~21, in a .2
program to upgrade their community. Activities included cleaning streets,‘
alleys, empty lots, and rodent control.

Qwinnett County EOA ---- A comprehensive employment, recreational and
educational enrichment program serving about 6,000 youth and children
both male and female. The project employed five teen leaders to be
divided among the four centers. Project activities included field
trips, personal hygiene, sewing classes, classes in water and hunting
safety, first aid, body care, drama, and musical groups. The project
lasted approximately ten weeks.

West End Neighborhood BOA Center ---— This employment, recreational and
cultural enrichment program was designed to serve a number of youth in

the area. The project employed a number of youth to coordinate and Supv
ervise recreational and enrichment programs (ages 17-18). Activities
included baseball, basketball, volleyball, soccer, story hour, and
trips. It lasted for eleven weeks. '

Vine City Foundation - Project Recreation Plug-In ——-- This was a

pilot employment program designed to utilize indigenous teenage youth,
ages 10-25, to serve as community recreation organizers. The youth
Recreation Organizers recruited, organized, planned, and supervised
ten other teenagers each to provide planned summer recreation on a
24-hour basis. The project lasted for eleven Weeks.

WAOK Radio Station, EDA, Community Schools - Junior D.J. Program --~- An
employment, cultural, and communications program utilizing ten junior

D.J.'s from high density areas trained in use of P.A. equipment to pro-
vide record hops for about 10,000 high school and young adults, ages 16-
25, during the evening hours (7:30 — 10:00 P.M.). These hOps Were given
in all of the 14 neighborhood Service Center areas. The project lasted
four months.

Northwest Young man Civic Association - Operation Tighten Up ---- This
program designed to serve some 7,000 teenage and young adults, ages 13-

25, in a multi-purpose-program. The program employed a number of indig-
enous youth and young adults. Activities included lectures, tours, youth
forums, deve10pment of youth business, general Sports (in-door and out-
door), and creative games.


Northwest Pergy EDA Center - "Sock It to Me" ---- An employment project‘pnl fl ' ‘
designed to serve 1,000 male and female youth, ages ranging from 13-25 (, "


in an intensive program of training and counseling. Lead teenagers and
professionals worked with teenagers who have no work history as ”peer”
Group Counselors. The project lasted approximately twelve weeks.

Pittsburg Neighborhood EDA Center —--— This pilot program was designed to
utilize youth in a community beautification program, as well as provide

manpower for existing recreational facilities. The project employed
EEEEEX—Efllflse age 15-20, in the Beautification Program, si§_§ggale
team managers, age 14—20, and three male league planners to carry on
ETEEIE'EEEEEE activities. The project also provided homemaker train-
ing for girls 9~l7. The project lasted twelve weeks. Nine men empl-
oyed and twenty volunteers discontinued because of lack of paid super-

Metrogolitan Atlanta Boys‘ Club, Inc. -——— This comprehensive employment
and recreational project attempted to meet the needs of 10,000 boys in

several Boys‘Clubs in the city, age 6—18. The project employed a number
of youth, ages 16~21, to plan and develOp programs for areas served. Sum-
mer activities included group clubs, dancing, cooking, music appreciation,
puppetry, photography, art, desk help, handicrafts, drama, ceramics, and
Wood work. The project lasted approximately twelve weeks.

Wesley Community Centers - Expanded and New Services -——- This educational,
employment, recreational, and cultural program designed to meet the needs

of boys and girls 6w21. Program activities included a six—week training
programs for llth and 12th grade, including craft skills, camp skills, so
as to be able to work with smaller children in camp situations. The pro—
ject lasted for ten weeks.

Sum—Mac Neighborhood EDA Center —-—- A comprehensive employment, recrea-
tional, educational and cultural project serving 5,000 youth, males and

females, of all ages, in the Sumumec area. Activities included'tutor-
ial, typing, filmstrips, drama, counseling, field trips, etc.

Dekalb YWCA - Job Preparation Program w--- An employment program designed
to serve 25 teenage girls, 16—18 years of age, and training and counsel-

ing in going about getting a job. The program lasted for seven months.

Rent-A-Kid ---_ This unique employment project was designed to provide
employment for youth on a contratual bases. It operated in the West
End area and served a large number of youth.

Mobile Job Recruiter —--- This employment program was designed to decen-
tralize employment facilities. It consisted of a bus traveling through-
out the city taking jobs to youth; and it served many a large number of

The above total does not include the many youth hired by private citizens
in various job slots.

Atlanta is eSpecially proud of the success of this year's job program.
However, many difficulties occured which hampered the total effort and pre-
vented it from being more successful. To overcome these difficulties in the
future, the following recommendations are offered;

1. That the employment services be designated the official and only agencies
responsible for screening, placement and job deve10pment for the Youth


Opportunity Program. Such recommendation means that at least Qflfl of the
employment services efforts will be put into job deve10pment, 5% in place-
ment and 1% in screening.

That the Youth Opportunity Program's effort be reported from all other
administrative operations.

That a full time job develOpment perSon be hired to work exclusively
and all year round on summer and Youth Opportunity Program jobs;

That the pre-registration of youth for summer jobs be eliminated.

That the National Alliance of Businessmen not be the official agency
for handling the Summer Job Program even though their participation
will be solicited.

That direct hires by Federal and private organizations without prior
Screening by the employment services be eliminated or not counted as
a recruit for the Youth Opportunity Program. If such recommendation
is followed the problem of being occured of not hiring poor, inner
city and I or minority youth will be greatly minimized.

That a job corporation be formed in order to provide more jobs for
youth under 160

That laws relating to youth employment be carefully read, revised and
changed where necessary so that youth may obtain jobs.

That non-profit private and public agencies increase their hiring of


That the problem of transportation to jobs in outlying areas be remedied
and realistically dealt with.

That the Youth Opportunity Campaign work toward connecting the situation
in which the state hired few if any youth during the summer to work in
State Parks, Hoopitals, Highways and other such Departments.

That Departments of City government other than the Parks and Sanitary De-
partments increase their hiring of minority youth, i.e., Atlanta Housing
Authority, Heapital Authority, Public Library, etc.

That more effort be made in teaching youth job seeking, job getting, etc.
That the subsidized jobs be doubled in Atlanta.
The major operating educational programs were summer schools operated by
the Atlanta System. A fee was charged for these schools; however, no needy
child was denied admission to summer school because of money. PTA's and other

community groups promoted attendance of summer school for children needing
remedial work.


1. To provide needed remedial and tutorial programs for youth;


2. To provide vocational information and_educational activities
needed by youth to enter into the labor force;

3. To allow creative and innoVative educational programs not
possible during the winter months;

4. To allow coupling of education, employment, culture and recreation;

5. To offer programs and courses not generally available to poor youth
during the regular school year.


1. To provide summer remedial programs for 2,024 students;

2. To provide tutorial services for 1,362 students;

To provide vocational, technical, and occupational information
for 2,185 students;

To provide enrichment and advance programs for 1,000 students;

To provide creative and echrimcntal programs cambining employment,
enrichment, recreational and occupational information for needy students;

To launch an intensive backnto—school effort to get 2,500 students to
return to school in the fall;

To assist needy high school graduates to obtain scholarships and
tuition aid to continue their education, giving special attention
to "high risk" graduates;

8. To assist the school and community in meeting the special needs of
3 students with the special personal, social and economic problems.

Publicly-Sponsored Educational Projects

The publicly—sponsored projects consist of six schools which upon 12
hours daily and 6 days each week, concentrating on basic education and
educational programs. The number of youth attending the various Schools
were as follows:

School System: Number of Youth

Atlanta Public Schools 12,090
Fulton County School System 2,900

Total --~--u--u—-------— 14,900
This total does not include the children and youth that participated in the
various education and recreation programs Operated by the Board of Education.
More that 20,000 youth participated in programs and activities operated in
the 60 schools which were operated by the Atlanta Public Schools. The City
of Atlanta Board of Education provided a total of $205,677.00 for scholar-
ships. An additional amount was made available for subsidies and individu-
als participating in the summer school program.

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