Box 17, Folder 15, Document 13

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Box 17, Folder 15, Document 13

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For release 9:00 a.m.
(E.D.T.)
I
STATEMENT BY
GEORGE C. WALLACE
GOVERNOR OF ALABAMA
BEFORE THE SENATE COMM ITTEE ON COMMERCE
IN OPPOSITION TO SENATE BILL 1732
9: 00 a. m.
( E • D . T. )
JULY 15 , 19 63
Mr. Chairman -- Members 0£ the Senate Committee on Commerce.
I appreciate the opportunity to appear before you
today and give my views on the important matters now before
this Committee.
The leaders 0£ the Fede r a l government have so mis-


used the Negroes £or selfish poli t ica] reasons that our en-c:a-=,,,~,..
tire concept of
i 1ber¥y
•ffll!lgl.-,c.c.ifi]~J- ~
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ow in peril .
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We daily s e e our governme nt go to ridiculous e x tremes and take unheard-of actions to appe a se t he min ority
bloc vo t e leade r s 0£ t his country .
'
I was ap pa l led and amaz e d to re ad 0£ r e cen t st a te me n t s by Pen t agon off i cials r el at ive t o p r op osed civil ri g h t s
inv est ig a t i o ns on our mi l itary i n st alla t ions . The r e was a
I
time when mil i tary i n s ta l lat ions were es tab li s h e d in acco r d anc e with the requirements of the nat ional defe n se post u re.
Today t h ese officials use the t h reat 0£ withdrawal
0£ mil i tary bas es to a c c omplish polit i cal purposes.
Any
officer or officia l issuing such orders should have his
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background investigated.
Although he may not be affiliated with our enemies, his actions play into t heir hands by jeopardizing
the security of this nation.
The Air Force is e ncouraging its personnel to
engage in street demons t rations with rioting mobs and is
even offering tr a ining cred i t s as a n inducement.
Perhaps
-we will now see Purpl e Hearts a warded £or street brawling
heretofore th e y we r e awa rded on t h e f ield of combat.
I not e that b y way o f f u rt he r intimidation, one
of the P res i d en t r s c ommi ttees has re commend e d t h a t a n y bus-
iness be p l a c e d off l imi ts to military p e r s onn e l unless
t hey s ur re nder to current Federal
ideolog i es.
I s the real pur p o se of th is integration movement
t o d i sar m this c ountry as the Commu nists have p l anned?
For a c entury certain po l iticians h a v e t a l ked
abou t Sout h ern mobs, which were actual l y non-existent.
Bu t
now that we have Negro mobsters and mobs run ni ng in the
streets of our cities , these politicians and the press
refer to them as demonstrators.
These so-called demonstrators break laws, destroy
property, injure innocent people and create civil strife
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and disorder 0£ major proportions.
Yet they receive sympathy and approval 0£ the
leaders 0£ our Federal government.
/
I personally resent the actions 0£ the Federal
. / g_o vernment which have created thes e conditions.
As a
loyal American and as a loya l S outhern Governor, who has
never belonged to or assoc ia ted with any subversive element,
I resent the £awning and p a wing over such people
as Martin Luther King and his pro-Communist friends and
associates.
When this bunch 0 £ i n cend i a ries comes t o Washington
they are give n red c arpet t re a tmen t, a n d I da r e say i£ they
came in t o thi s r oom h ere , some 0 £ t he member s 0£ this
Committee wo u ld £ee l c ompelled to g r e et them in such a
mann e r a s t o p u bl icl y demonstr a te t heir con ce r n £o r so called civi l r i gh ts.
Last Friday Governor Ba rnett s h owe d t his Commit te e
a pic ture 0£ Martin Luther King and a gr oup 0£ Commu n is t
leaders attending a meeting together.
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As wi de l y reported in
the press in t h e last two months, Kingrs top l ieutenant in
Alabama , Fred L. Shuttlesworth , a self - styled 11Reverend11, was
elected president 0£ the 11 Southern Conference Educational Fund11
which is headquartered in New Orleans and active in seventeen
Southe r n states.
This organizat ion h a s been des c ribed
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by both the Sena te Internal Securit y Subcommi tt ee and the House
Un-American Activities Committee as an organi z ation rrset up
to promote Communism 11 throughout the South.
The Cincinnati
Enquirer, in its issue o f Sunday, June 9, 1963 , quotes the
following statement of Shut t les wort h as to his leadership
of this Communist or gan i zatio n:
rrGene ra l ly, the House committees
are governed by Southerners who
will label any organizat ion subversive or c ommunistic that seeks
to further the Ameri can aims of
inte gration, justice and fair-play.
rrTo a segregationist , integration
means Communism .
I c an think of noth-
ing mor e u n-Ame rican than the House
Commit tee on Un-American Activities.
11
Recentl y Mar t i n Lu ther King publicly professed
to have fi r ed a known Co mmun i s t, J a~k OtDell , who had been
on his payro ll .
But as disc overed by a me mbe r o f the United
States Congre ss , this p ub l ic p rofes si o n wa s a l i e and Ot De l l
had re mai ned on Ki ng ts payro l l.
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On a recent visit to this country, why was it
that Ben Bella, a Communist in my opinion, had his first
conference in this countr y with Martin Luther King?
And
then Ben Bella flew to Cuba and embraced the Communist
Castro and said tha t he is one of the worldrs greatest.
Is there any connection?
I come here today as a n American , as a Governor
of a Sovereign State and as an ·individual with full respect
for Constitutional gov ernment.
I app ear to respectfully
call upon the Congress of the United States to defeat in
its entirety the Civil Rights Act of 19 63.
The Presiden t of the United States stated in
his message accompany ing Senat e Bill 1732 that " enactment
of the Civil Right s Act of 1 963 at t h i s ses s i o n of Congress -however long i t may t a k e a nd h owever t r oub lesome it may be -is imperative" .
The P res i dent might we l l h ave f urther stat e d:
rrand h oweve r many p eople it hurts or b u sine ss es it des troys and r e gardless of the rights of t h e vast majority
of our p e ople rr .
In my judgment , the President of the United
States and the Attorney Gen e r al of the United States , by
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design and political motivation, are sponsoring and fostering a comple t e and all inclusive change in our whole concept of government and society -- a revolution of government against the people.
Senate Bill 1732 -- the so-called public accomodations bill -- would, together with the Presidentts full
civil rights package , bring about government of the government, by the government a nd £or the government.
The free and uncontrolled use of private property
is the basic and historic concept of Anglo - Saxon jurisprudence .
The primary reason our fore fa thers came from Europe
to carve this nation out of a raw and savage wilderness was
£or the purpose of using , con t rolling and enjoying their
private property and to pursue their chosen professions
without £ear of inte rf e r ence f rom ki ngs , tyr a nts, despots,
and I might add, Presidents .
I don t t th ink it rs necessary today to talk to
y ou at lengt h about the c ons ti t uti onal basis £or l e gisl at i on such as this.
You know that simi lar le g isla ti on has
b een d e clared unconstitutional .
You know th a t in the 1883 Civil Rights Cas e the
Supreme Court of the United States ruled out the Comme rce
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Clause as the basis for legislation nearly identical in
effect to that contained in Senate Bill 1732.
You know that the 14th Amendment -- which amendment is of doubtful origin and questionable validity
was held by the 18 8 3 Court to merely allow legislation
predicated upon the corr e ction of the operation of state
laws only
and in n o sense gave the legislative branch
the right to enact st at u t es providing a code for the regulation of private rights .
No part of the bill b efor e you qualifies as to
constitutionality even assuming t h a t y ou oper a te on the
premise that th e 1 4 th Ame ndme n t wa s va lidl y r a tifie d in
accorda nc e wi t h t he r equ ireme n ts of t he Constitu t ion -and it was not.
Ge ntl e me n , 1111 te ll you wh a t this Senat e Bill
1732 does
it pla c es upon a l l bus ines s me n a nd profess -~
ion a l p eop le t h e yoke of invo lun tary se r vi t u d e -- it
should be d e signa ted as t h e 11 1nv oluntary S er vitude Act
of
1 96311.
Under the provisions of Senate Bi l l 1732, i f
y ou are engaged in any profession where you offer yo u r
personal s e rvi ces, you cannot refuse to serve anyone without
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fear of vi o lating this Act.
I dohtt know of any business
or profession that does not have some abstract connection
with interstate travel or interstate movement of goods.
Under the provisions of this Act, the lawyer, doctor,
hairdresser or barber, plumb e r, public secretary-stenographer,
etc., would no longer be free to choos e their clientele.
Nobody who offers services to the public or
a~tempts to engage in his chosen profession will be free
to operate wi t hout fe ar t hat th e police state which is
now vigorousl y re a ring its head wil l d ictate his every
move and tell him e xac t l y how he can run his business.
In £ac t, if t h2 pro v isions o f
t he Ac t a re pass ed and
enforced many indi vidu a l s will no long e r h a v e a ny busin ess .
Section 3 ( b ) o f the Act pr o v i de s :
HThe p r o-
vision of th i s Ac t shal l not app l y t o a b onafide pri vate
club o r o ther es t a b lishment not ope n t o t he public , excep t
t o t h e exten t t hat the facil i tie s o f
such e s tab lis h me n t s
ar e made avail a b l e to the custome rs or patrons of an e s tablishment wi t h i n t h e s c ope o f sub - section (a) .
I submit
to y ou that I am at a loss to unde r stand the true meaning
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and full import of this exception.
I am wondering if it
constitutes a nsleeperrr in this Act designed to destroy
the privacy of private clubs and rrother establishments 11 .
In fact , what is the definition of the term rrother establ:is hmentsrr?
Does it include fraternal and social
organizations, churches , religious organizations, the
Masonic Lodge, the Order of the Eastern Star, the Knights
of Columbus?
Would this rrexception cl ause11 cover the following
situation?
A certain exclusive p riva te club having a membership compos ed entirel y of Italian-Americans has a rule
allowing members to bring guests, many of whom travel in
intersta t e commer c e.
The club also has another strict
rule that guests must be limited solely to Italian-Amer icans.
Un der the provisions of th is Act may a member bring in a
non Italian -American traveling in i nterstate c ommer ce desp i te the club rule forbidding it?
Another example that
arises would be the fac t that my Masonic Lodge has strict
rules against bringing in non - Masons and/or Masons not of
the same type organization as mine.
I have taken many
interstate traveling Masons to my Lodge.
Can a member
bring a non -Mason or Mason of anothe r type organization
into my Lodge if he is a gues t traveling in inter state commerc e ?
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Section 5 of the Act provides for civil actions
for preventive relief including injunction, restraining
order or other order.
implies?
I wonder what this 11or other orderrr
Does it not mean being heavily fined or placed
in Federal Prison £or contempt of court if you refuse to
obey?
This same Section provides that this relief may
be obtained by the person aggrieved or by the Attorney
General of the United States and it provides further that
the relief may be obtained where a person has not actually
violated any section of the Act,
but there are grounds to
believe that any person is about to engage in any of the
many prohibited acts.
This is the beginning of 11thought-
control" legislation.
In other words, they can take you
to court and try you for what you are thinking or possibl y
thinking about doing -- whether you ever carry your thoughts
into effect or not.
It is interesting to note that in Section 2(g)
of the Act, which in effect constitutes the preamble of
the Act, it is stated as fact that discrimination reduces
the mobility of the national
labor force and prevents the
most effective allocation of national resources, including
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the inter~tate movement of industries, particularly in
some of the areas of the
nation
most in need of indus-
trial and commercial expansion and development,
This is a thinly veiled reference to the South
which - contrary to the statement contained in the preamble of this bill -- is now and will continue to enjoy
the greatest industrial growth of any section of the
United States.
I cannot help but wonder if some of these same
people who are now so worried about our industrial growth
are not some of the same people who fought the removal of
the nPittsburgh Plus11 discriminatory freight rates which
for so long kept the South from realizing its true patential in industrial growth.
I cannot also help but wonder
if one of the true motives in back of this act is, in part,
a desire on the part of some to return the South toils
position of disadvantage which disappeared with the removal of discriminat~ry freight rates.
The President , the Attorney General, and every
member of this Congress who has sponsored this legislation
stand indicted before the American people .
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This group has invited the Negro to come North
to a land of milk and honey.
They accepted the proposition,
and instead of finding this Utopia, they have found unemployment.
They have been stacked in ghettos on top of one
another, to become a part of every cityts Harlem.
Thereby
social and economic problems have been compounded.
The end result is that this
gross hypocrisy has
brought guerilla warfare and insurrection to every large
city in the United States endangering the lives of millions
of our citizens.
Because of this hypocritical spectacle,
he no longer wants mere equal treatment, he expects and
apparently intends to bludgeon the majority of this countryts
citizens into giving him preferential treatment.
He shows his sense of responsibility by flaunting law and order throughout this country, even threatening to intimidate the Congress of the United States.
And
all of this is done with the tacit approval of the sponsors
of Senate Bill 1732.
The physical danger I outline is no problem in
the South.
You and your family can travel to any place
in the South , walk the streets of every section of cities
and towns alone, without £ear of bodily harm.
But I know ,
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a n d y ou know , t h at you and you r fami l y c a nnot wa l k the st ree t s
of
our n atio nr s c a p i t a l wi t h o u t f e ar o f mugging, raping, kil l ~
ing o r o the r phy sical a ss au lt.
And, ge n t l e me n , you r c o n stit u e n ts k n ow thi s, t o o,
and 1hey are fed up wi t h i t .
An d i f you wi ll c ome t o my
offi c es , I wi ll s h ow you c o untl e s s t h ou san ds o f
l e tters from
every part of t h e United States prot e sting the conti nued
u s u rpatio n of powe r b y t h e F ederal gov e rnment and t he failure
to adh ere to the Co n sti t u tion o f
t h e United State s.
Peopl e
who write me want t h eir elec ted represe n tatives to star t re p r ese n ti n g t h e m a nd n o t
t h e minori ty b l o c voting mo bsters.
A President who sponsors legis l at i on s uch as t h e
Civil Rig h ts Act of 19 63 shou ld be retired from p u blic life .
And this goes £o r a n y Governo r o r other p ub l ic off ic ial who
ha s joi ned in this mad scrambl e for the minority bloc vote .
Does not the present sit u ation in Washington, D . C . ,
give you some idea of the result you wo ul d obtain with this
legi s lation?
The nationrs capital is supposed to be the
s upr e me example of what civil rig ht s legislation can accomplish.
Itt s an example all right, an examp l e of a c i ty
practically dese rt ed by white people.
If you in the Congress
a re re a lly si nc e r e about t hi s civi l rig ht s bus iness, why don tt
yo u give home rule to the people of Washington ?
the local reside nts can r un t h is ci ty.
Letts see how
I beli eve in local
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self government.
Washington, D. C.
I ch allenge you to vote for home rule in
I suspect that if you attempted to do
this, the Secretary of State would have to testify behind
closed doors that this would result in damage to our image
before the rest of the world.
A few days ago, I n oted a report relea sed by
Washington, D. C., police offici a l s which st a ted that during
the last twelve months major crimina l offenses in this nationts capit al reached the second highest peak in histor y .
, I s ug gest that if the Congress spent it s time try ing to
stop these assaults, rapes, robbery and house-breaking,
rather than in efforts which will destroy all rights of
property, then you mi g h t accomplish something worthwhile.
When I came here to testif y against the 1 957
Civil Rights Bill, it was said that our image would be
affected in Afr ic a and Asia if th e bill fail ed to pass .
Well, the 1957 Bill was passed a nd it appears that we are
still supposed to wor ry about our image.
I h a v e s tated before and wish to state again
here today -- I will worry about our image in the rest of
the world whe n the se foreign countries begin to ret urn 25
per cent of the foreign aid we are send i ng t h em because it
comes fro m t he Sou t h.
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In my judgment, the rest of the world should be
more concerned with wha t we think of them since we fee l
bound and determined to provide their support .
And while
we are speak ing of a n image, the fede r a l government should
wo rry about the image i t is creating in the Sou th and to
f r eedom-loving people everywhere.
I think you gentlemen ar e well aware of the
reason you are having to consider Senate Bill 1732 .
The
Pres{dent of the Uni ted States anj t he Attorney General of
t h e Unit e d States have u sed t h e powers of the executive
branch in s uch a ma nner as to cr ea t e a t e nse and explosive
sit u ation wh i ch t h ey can no longer control.
Th e Pre sid e n t s o mu ch a s admitt e d this i n h is
nationwide telecast which prefac ed the in t r oduc t ion of
t h i s ci v il right s legis l ation.
or ity bloc vot e .
He wooed and won t h e min-
S ince the n h e h as commit ted a se ri es o f
blunders in tr y ing to appe as e the mob l eaders .
These l eader s have now pr ess ur e d t h e P r e sident
in t o t h e r idiculous P?s i ti on o f pl a cing hi s st amp of a ppr oval
on mob violenc e and rioting in t h e s treets of this country.
Th e e ntir e h a ndling o f
t hi s raci a l si t uation
by t h e present Admini st r a tio n h as s h own a n i n e ptness a nd
to tal
l a ck of unde rstandi n g in h a ndling the p r ob lems
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which hqve been cr e a t ed by the political efforts to capture
t hese votes.
The promised Ne w Fron t ier is a n a tion t orn b y
strife and turmoil on the brink of civil warf a re.
The onl y method it has bee n a ble to come up
with is the us e of Federal t ro op s wh ich, strangel y , it
se e ms, have b ee n us ed onl y in t h e S o uth although t h e most
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serious disturb a nc es h a ve be e n i n p l a c e s like New Yo r k ,
New Jersey, Phil ade lphi a , Chic a go , Wa s hington, Los Angeles
a n d Cambridge, Ma ryl a n j ,
It is not politically popular to send troops into
t hese ci t ies -- a nd t h ey a r e g o ing t o £ind nex t No v e mb er it
i s n o t po litic a ll y pop ul a r to sen d t h e m to Al a b a ma a n d
Mi s sis s ippi.
The Kennedy Adm ini stration i s in p o li t ic a l
j eop a r dy, a n d i n a c a lcul ated attempt t o re co ve r from
l os s es o f p olitic a l prest i g e , i t has s hif ted t h e b u rden
of its gross mi s takes in jud g ment t o th e Congress of t h e
Unit ed States -- a ll t h e wh i l e cater ing to a lawl ess mi nor i ty wh ic h shows u tter disregard and contempt £or law and
order.
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This bill will not remedy the situation.
This
bill will inflame the majority of the citizens of this
country.
When you determine that you will control and
destroy private property rights -- you invite chaos.
I charge that Senate Bill 173 2 cons t itutes
the first step toward land reform -- a long step in a
socialistic scheme of government which will bring the
total des~ruction of private property rights.
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Property
is powe r and when we lose our rights to proper t y we will
have lost our power to govern ourselves.
If y ou int e nd to pass this bill, you should
make preparation s to withdr a w a ll our troops from Be rlin,
Viet Nam and the rest of t he world bec a u se they will be
needed to police America.
Yo u are go ing to make the
American peop l e l aw vi olators because they are not going
to comply with this type legislation.
It is s u spected, a nd I suggest that Senate Bill
1 732 is s u c h a ridiculous p i ece of legislation that it
probably is a mere smokescreen which is calculated to draw
the atten tion of th e people to it, thereby blinding t h em
to othe r parts of the civil right s package which are e qually
abominab l e .
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No part of the Civil Rights Act of 1963 is
acceptable and we people in the State of Alabama and the
South will take the lead £or all freedom-loving people of
this country -- black or white -- in an all-out effort to
defeat any man who supports any feature of the civil rights
package.
The executive branch of this government has ignored the Constitution of the United States and fostered
the march toward cen tralization and t he ultimate destr u ct ion of our system.
The Judicial branch has perverted t he Constitution
of the United States in a manne r which shocks the conscience
of the American people .
The Congress of t he Uni ted States is t he last
remaining bulwark against t h e des t ruc t ion of our system of
governme nt.
I ask yo u to ignore politic a l pressures which
will destroy · our e ntir e free e nt erpris e system -- t h at y ou
determine t h at thi s coun try will not h a v e governme n t by i ntimidation -- that you n ot see fit to destroy established busin esses and personal se rvic e professio n s -- t h at you not place
t h e vast ma jority o f
American citizens in involuntary ser vitude
that you stand up for Ameri ca.
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I cha ll e n ge t h e Pr es ide n t and the Congre ss t o
submit this propos ed l e gi slation to t h e p e ople as a
national referendum .
I promise yo u that you wil l get the sho c k of
y ou r life becau se t h e peop l e will overwhe l ming l y r e j e c t
t h is encroachment upon the i r right to own and enjoy pr iv ate p rope r ty .
I say t h at it is high time freedo m-l ov ing people
of t h is nation stand up and be counted and if t h e tree of
'
li berty needs refreshing by t h e political blood of those
wh o ignore the heritage established for us by the F ounding
Fathers, then so be it.
Gentlemen, I appreciate this opportunity to
appear before you today and before leaving I have a requ est
I would like to make .
I have charged here today that th e re
are communist influences in the integration movement.
From
the mountain of evidence available everyone should reali ze
that they are true.
You have heard these charges before
you -- you have seen the evidence -- why donrt you do something about it?
Dontt sweep th is matter under the rug
letis expose these enemies -- they a re enemies of both black
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and white in this country -- bring them out in the open.
As
the Governor of a sovereign state, I ask the Congress to investigate these communist activities.
not be taken lightly.
This reques t should
A le t ter through the mail to the
Justice Department from some one claiming t hey have been
denied the right to vote brings a flood of Federal Investi g a tors down the neck of some Sout h e rn r eg is t r a r.
He re you
have had at least two Governors to ask that this communist
matter be investigated.
Will you give u s this r e sponse?
I n closing, I would li ke to te ll you t h a t
the
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public policy of Alabama is for the up-lifting of t he Negroes
in Alabama.
During th e fir st year of my admini strat ion we
h a ve incr eased t h e a pp ropr i at ion to Neg r o educ at iona l institut ions
22 p e r cent.
We a re building t hree n e w trade schools to train
the m f or the jobs tha t we are maki n g avail a bl e to t hem b y a
fas t g r owi n g i n d u s t r i a l expansion in o u r state .
lieve th e
I do n ot be -
passage of the l eg i s l a ti o n would be in t he int e re st
of e i t h er th e whit e or Negr o citizen , b u t wo uld h amp er t h e
sol u ti o n of problems £acing bot h races .
As I sai d i n my Inau g ur a l Addr e ss in Janu a r y, my
hope and prayer is t h at God will b l ess al l
of the peop l e of
my state and this nation, both black and whit e.
I thank you .

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