Box 19, Folder 18, Document 19

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Box 19, Folder 18, Document 19

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Stories and pictures of fa-
Fair and warm.
mous personalities.
High 94; low 68.
Turn To Page 3-A
Foremost Newspaper of The Carolinas
More Weather Data-Page 2-A
78th Year, No. 130
7 Cents
Atlanta Mayor
Backs JFK's
Bill On Rights

28 Poges
JFI( Calls .,Pact
Vital 'First Step'
Passage Of Accommodations Bill Urged;
Voluntary Action Is Termed Not Enough
Observer Washinston Bureau
WASHINGTON - Atlanta Mayor Ivan Allen Jr. told
the . Senate Commerce Committee Friday that voluntary
action was not enough to solve the nation's racial problems.
McNamara Ol(s
Off-Limits Areas
He urged Congress to enact a federal law outlawing
racial discrimination in places of public accommodation.
Not to do so, he said, would mean turning back the
clock and reversing the uneasy progress that has been made
recently by men of good will.
"Even now, the knowledge that this bill might not
pass has caused some business men who agreed to desegregate their businesses to question whether they made the
right move," he said.
The graying mayor pleade dwith the Congress to,
"give us some direction, give us some definition."
As be talked he leaned forward toward the microphone on the desk before him and his words came out
softly, distinctly.
The committee and the small
ceilinged hearing room w e r e
hushed by the drama and the
eloquence of his statement.
"As the mayor of the south'!ast's largest city, I can say
to you out of first-hand experience and first-hand knowledge
that nowhere does the problem
of eliminating discrimination between the races strike so closely
home as it <loes to- the local
elected public official. He is the
man who c a n n o t pass the
AP W lre PhOIO
. . Asks Public Accommodations Law
'Your T1·utl1
Is Not
l\ly Truth'
"From this viewpoint." lie
1aid, "I speak of the prob)cm
as having been brought mto
sharp focus by decisions of the
Suprcm Court of the U n it e d
fates and tten
1crally ig-
Pnstore, Thurnwnd
Shout Angr;[y
All World
To Benefit,
He Asserts
Senate May Give
Early Approval
'-'OIJJ;tesses 01 me um tea :state .
"Like a foundling baby, this
awesome problem has been left
on the doorsteps of local governments throughout the nation."
After tracing Atlanta's progress in r ace r elations and voluntary desegregation, and praising
the community spirit that made
it possible, the mayor said:
" On the other hand, following
the line of thought of the decisions of the federal courts in
the past 15 years, I am not convinced that current rulings of
the courts would grant to American business the privilege of
discrimination by race in the selection of its customers. . •
"Are we going to say that it
is all right for the Negro citizen
to go into the bank on Main
Street and to deposit his earnings
or borrow money, then to go into
the department stores to buy
what he needs, to go to the supermarket to purchase food for b"is
family, and so on along Main
Street until he comes to a restaurant or a hotel?
"In all these other business
places he is treated just like
any other customer. But when
he comes to the restaurant or
hotel, are we going to say that
it is right and legal for the operators of these businesses, merely as a matter of convenience
to insist that the Negro's citizen~
ship be changed and that, as a
second class citizen, he is to be
refused service?
"I submit that it is not right
to allow an American's citizenSee DIXIE Page 3-A, Col. 1
Stro1n eh ied For '
Observer Washington Bureau
" I do not believe that any
sincere American citizen desires to see the rights of private business restricted by the
such restr1ction · is absolutely
necessary for the welfare of
the people . of this country.
Pastore, acting chairman of
the Senate Commerce Committee, publicly rebuked S o u t h
Carolina Sen. Strom Thurmond
for " brow - beating" Atlanta
Mayor Ivan Allen Rr. on Friday.
When Thurmond objected to
the rebuke, the two senators
engaged in an angry shouting
match, their second in the recent round of hearings on the
President's civil rights bill.
Mayor Allen and the sparse
crowd in the hearing r o o m
looked on in astonishment as
the two senators exchanged insults over the big hearing
room's public address system.
Pastore's feelings a r o s e
during Thurmond's questioning of Allen about th e
mayor's endorsement of the
President's public accommodations bill.
But when Pastore tried to regain the floo r " to make a comment" Thurmond r efused to
When . Thurmond did yield,
Pastore m a calm voice that
belied his rising feelings delivered a lecture "to the members of this committee" about
the station of many of the witnesses. He said they were "distinguished men in their own
right" and "entitled to t h e
courtesy of this committee. "
When Pastore had completed his lecture, 'Thurmond
• •,•• .
• ._.,. ' '.·' •;•;- •.•.~,"·;:,'/.,._'.," • • ....-.::::(:'.·~·>7-:;. 'Y(-•.·: •::-~--•,•,~.- ,
Explains Capitol Standstill
Whatever happened to Congress?
What hapened to the President's propo3als? Is the
legislative branch of our government breaking down?
To get the answers to these questions, reporters in
The Observer's Washington Bureau talked with key insiders at the White House and in Congress. These insiders told the story, speaking frankly when assured that
they would not be named.
You'll be able to read the answers in The Observer
The G~eat. Internal Struggle
Is the nation facing the worst domestic crisis since
1865 as the struggle over integration deepens?
To assess this situation, the Associated Press sent a
team of its top reporters into the nation.
They present their findings in a penetrating series
of Sunday reports. The fin,t one will appear in The Observer on Sunday.




committee report to McNamara, Kennedy said "a serious morale problem is created for Negro military person~
nel when various forms of seg-
leaned into the microphone
to ask if the acting chairman
was implying that Thurmond
had been discourteous to Allen.
Pastore leaned back in his
chair and laughed. "Well to
be perfectly frank about it,
yes. You asked a 'when did
you stop beating your wife
question; and I won't tolerate
that kind of question from
this committee."
His temper still rising, he
said, "If .it's necessary we'll
go into executive session and
talk about it. "
Thurmond was furious. He
denied asking any 'loaded'
questions and said he resented
Pasture's accusations.
Pastore shouted that Thurmond had asked a question
that went something like, 'Mr.
Mayor, ·since the enactment
of this bill would close many
businesses in s m a 11 towns
throughout the South, don't
you think that would mean a
taking of property by the
federal government without due
process of the law?' "
Thurmond angrily denied
asking such a question.
Pastore then asked, "Will
the reporter (a stenographer who takes down everything said during a hearing)
read the question back?"
'Thur mond interrupted, snouting, "Well, all right, suppose
I did ask the question. I reserve t he ri ght to cross-ex-
s:~esit."witnesses any
Pastore, a short, mustached
m:i:nWh::sd: r~!~n;ean, 'crossexamine,' " he shouted. "This
eating' ·
are distinguished people whose
presence before this committee is a service ."
"I'm only trying to get at
the truth," Thurmond said. .
"Your truth is not my truth,"
replied Pastore.
At that the crowd laughed
and broke into applause.
Thurmond quickly accused
Pastore of not maintaining
the proper decorum jn the
hearing room and said Pastore should have stopped the
"How can I stop
St. Louis Post-Dispatch
HAVANA - (A') - P r e m 1• e r
Fidel Castro told a group of
Friday that he would
Ilk~ to talk to the people of the
Umted States " but you m u s t
invite me to your house. "
Otherwise, Caslro said, " il is
difficult .
Cubans In Castro's entourage
declined to interpret the premier's Informal remark made
at the close of a garden party
for international ,•isitors to the
tenth anniversary celebration
of the attack on Ft. Moncada,
which marked Castro's rise to
A Cuban offic ial suggested th at
h . .
Au_t ontabve sources . Pans
predict French P ~ e s i den t
Charles de Gaulle will refuse to
sign the limited test-ban agreement initialed in Moscow Thursday and will proceed with plans
for an independent French nu·
clear force.
Communist China already bas
declared it would ignore any
agreement .reached .in _Mosc?w.
The President, speakmg "m a
spirit of hope," said the agreement outlawing nuclear tests in
the atmosphere, outer space and


ne~ position - that of deputy President Tito dec~eed Friday
- 16:47, 29 December 2017 (EST)t!ti143.215.248.55
assistant secretary of defense ~nd today days of natwnal mourn- toward reduced world tensions
for civil rights - to carry out mg.
an broader areas of agreean anti-discrimination program. . Rescue _squads rus~ed to Skop- ment."
Je, a city of mmarets and
mosques 210 miles southeast of
He gave this grim alternaBelgrade. From all over Yugo- tive: "A war today or t-0morslavia trucks and buses were row, if it led to nuclear war,
pressed into service to evacuate would not be like any war in
history. A full-scale nuclear exTanjug reported a mercy air- change, lasting less than 60
lift was operating between Skopje minutes, could wipe out more
and Ljubljana in northern Yugo- than 300 million Americans,
slavia to ferry rescue teams and Europeans and Russians, as
medical supplies.
well as untold numbers elseBy noon (6 a .m. EST) about where.
WASHINGTON - (UPI> _ 'The 200 bodies had been identified.
. ,
Rescuers still were diggine1 " And the survivors, as ChaircoSt of hvmg rose to new heights through the rubble from which man Khrushchev warned t h e
"Socialism in our country is last month and a La~or -~~par~- screams and calls for help could Communi~t Chinese, 'woul~ enV!
a little less informal ,,
f th ment spokesman said this is be heard. Aftershocks were re- the dead. For they would mhen t
k d ' one O e primarily a story of sugar ciga- corded as rescuers toiled in the a world so devastated by explooff1cers .remar
rettes and taxes "
a11 d poison
and r·ire th at
In addit10n to the Chinese
h d
t ·t
"d ·t
today we cannot conceive of all
there were Russians a delee1a. T e epar men sai 1 s conTens of thousands of persons its horrors."
· dex mcre?se
d bY stood in the ruined streets, E ven without a war, Kennedy
tion from Japan, a ' man w "'h O sumer price
sa id he represented the B u d d- four-tenths of 1 per cent m June. some weeping, others just star- said unlimited testing in the fuhists of the world, a graup of It was the biggest one-month in- ing blankly at the wreckage of ture woul.d mean unnatural inIndonesians, a gay pair of young crease in nine months.
their homes.
creases "m the ~umber ?f ch1l~lgeri'.1ns, a n~1!1ber of Africans, The index ~tood at 106.6 per A
f t
all dren_ a~d ~tndch1ldr.~~ ~ 1tt ca~ana~1ans, British, and L a tin cent of average 1957_59 prices.
s a sa e Y precau on ,
\cer m 1eir ones, w1
eu emia
~ ne_nc:ns from all over the The reason for the June jump
See QUAKE, Page 2-A, Col. 2 See KENNE DY, Page 2A, Col. 2
misp ere.
was attributed primarily to these -------'----=- --'---....:..--- --~- -=--.....:....-factors:
Fidel Tells AmericansHe'd Lil{e Tall{ In U.S.
C~stro could have meant he
,.i_s_ n_o_t_a__c_ou_r_t_r_oo_m_._T_h_es_e might attend the September sessian of th_e U.N_. Gen~r~ Assembly at wh1c.h Pnm e M_1m~ter Harold Macmillan has md1cated a
meeting of himself, S o v i e t
· N"k"t s Kh h
remier . 1 1 a .
rus chev
Big George
resident John F . Kennedy.
exCastro's . manner was
2-B tremely friend ly as he greeted
the Americ'.ms. Cuba's seizure
8-9-A of
the :Amenca.n Em bassy in HaGoren on Bridge
15-B vana m reprisal for a U.S.
6-7-B freez~ of Cuban funds was not
14-B ment10ned by the Cuban premier.
The garden part." , 1·n t h e
grounds of a mansion fonnerly
belonging to one of Cuba's
TV Timetable
sugar barons, was attended by
about 500 persons. These in3-B
eluded a deleg "~tio11 of Com1nu·
Travis Column
nist Chinese naval officers in
Observer Phone-FR 5-8885
impeccable white uniforms.
On TI1e Inside
it's already happened," Pastore
said. "I didn't know they were
going to laugh."
The crowd laughed again.
Thurmond accused Pastore
of being an improper c}lairman, of condoning · outbursts
from an audience "full of leftwingers and sympathizers for
this bill."
"Mr. Thurmond," roared
Pastore, "I've been around
here a long time, and t h a t
question you asked was a
loaded question."
He then banged the gavel
and told the crowd it would
have to control itself.
Fires liro e out. Great clouds
of dust rose over the city of
270,000 as buildings came crashing down. Thousands fled to
streets and squares in panic,
clad only in night clothes.
1"egation ·and discrimination
exist in corµmunities neighbor- .. Radio Belgr~d~ sai~, ther~ were
Ing military bases."
. thous~ds of rnJured but 1t was
If!!POss1ble to say yet how ,!11any
McNamara s memorandum to died, although the number must
Kennedy, and an accompanying be very great. "
directive, contained few specific
Some Americans, tourists or
actions against discrimination.
other visitors, were reported
McNamara ordered in the city when the first shat.'
the services to outlme plans and tering quake struck. There was
to report to him by Aug. 15.
no word wheth er any had been
He authorized creation of a killed or injured.
Sell Out Fast
Despitie Heat
Living, Costs
Rose Again
Last Month
-Sugar. In May and June,
because of a complicated world
market situation that included
involvement by speculators and
some crop failures, the price
of sugar skyrocketed. Sugar
prices in June were 32 per cent
higher over the month. The
average housewife paid 84 cents
for five pounds of sugar, whi ch
is_ 42 per cent more than she
did a year ago.
WATERTOWN, N. Y. _ (A'l _
Winter is never too far from
rnind in this northern New York
snow center _ even when the
temperature soars to a sizzling
90 as it did Friday
t th
- Cigarettes.
s ore pu
ree snow- owers on sale th is m ornin and sold raised prices about 3 per cent
them soon after the sto~e opened in June for the first general inLast F eb. 22, the store sold crease since 1957. This r~ ised t~e
eight lawnmowers in a s a 1 e cost of a carton of non-filter e1gheld when the temperature hit'aretles by seyen cents an~ push11 below zero, and snow lay in ed up the smgle-pack price by
drifts of 10 feet or higher.
a penny.
. - - - - - - - - - - - - -Taxes. Real estate taxes increased in Minneapolis, Seattle,
Phiiad_elphia, .P itts~urgh and Kansas City. This raised homeownBy the time a boy g et s ers' costs a11d pushed up rents .
old enough to know h O w Also, sales taxes in New York
c·t climb d f
3 t 4
Inuch be owes his parents, I Y
some girl usually comes cent and m from
4 to 5 per cent. This raised costs
along and gets most of the of clothing, house furnishings,
new cars and other items.
Wirtz Calls New 1-Iuddle
Of RR, U11ion Deleg.ates
WASHINGTON - <UPil Stung by charges that t h e
government was tryi ng to dictate a settlement of the railroad crisis, Labor Secretary
Willard Wirtz announced Friday that union and management negotiators would make
another attempt to settle the
work-rules dispute themselves.
Wirtz made the unexpected
disclosure during an appearance before a Senate Com merce Committee hearing on
President Kennedy's proposal
to put the four-year-old hassle
into the hands of the Interstate Commerce Commission.
His announcement came a
few 1lours before the union management
Wirtz' disclosure of the new
collective bargaining effort
came after AFL·CIO Presi-
dent Geo1·ge Meany in ef.
feet rejected the Kennedy
plan and suggested that Congress set up a special committee to oversee a fresh
try at a negotiated settle •
The labor secretary said the
new bargaining session would
be held in bis office starting
at 8:30 p.m. EDT. He will sit
in on the discussions.
A spokesman for Wirtz explained that this was not an
indication that a break-tbrouglt
might be imminent in the
work-rules dispute.
Wirtz was obviously annoyed
by charges during the Senate hearing by heads of the
rail unions that the President's
proposal for the ICC to make
issues in the dispute was radical, dangerous and in favor
of the management -ide.

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