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TO: FROM:

Ivan Allen, Jr.

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�WATER POLLUTION CONTROL for the CHATTAHOOCHEE RIVER

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ATLANTA, GA. 30303

Tel. 522-4463 Area Code 404

IVAN ALLEN, JR., MAYOR R. EARL LANDERS, Administrative Assistant MRS. ANN M. MOSES, Executive Secretary DAN E. SWEAT, JR., Director of Governmental Liaison

December 19, 1967

Mr. R. S. Howard, Jr. Executive Secretary State Water Quality Control Board 47 Trinity Avenue, S. W. Atlanta, Georgia 30334 Dear Mr. Howard: T-hank you for your letter of November 1 7, forwarding a copy of "A Water Quality Study of Proctor Creek", outlining the biological condition of this stream. I am sure that our Water Pollution Control Division will find this information most helpful in working toward relief of the pollution problems in this area. You should be advised that the City of Atlanta has undertaken several actions to improve the conditions of Proctor Creek from the stand_i:.,oint of both sanitary sewer overflows and general pollution due to combined storm and sanitary overflows corning from the combined storm sewer system connected to that basin. I will briefly outline in the following paragraphs some of the major actions planned for the basin in order that your office may be kept continually posted. You and your staff will be advised further and in more detail regarding each project mentioned below. The City plans to provide a major temporary treatment facility in the vicinity of Hollywood Road _to accommodate a major portion of the sanitary sewer overload that e xi sts in that basin and to allow further development in the months ahead . This plant will be so designed that it may serve as an adequate treatment device for the period from mid- summer 1968 through mid- summer 197 O, until such time as the diversion line from the Proctor Creek Ba sin into the Sandy Creek Basin and into the new enlarged Sandy Creek Water Pollution Control Plant is constructed . Detailed plans and specifications for the prop o sed system he ar Hollywood Road will be provided to your office in the near future .

�:)

December 19, 1967

Mr. R. S. Howard, Jr. Executive Secretary State Water Quality Control Board Page Two

A contract was recently let to relieve a small portion of the Bellwood Outfall sewer which has badly deteriorated over the years of its use and is an area of frequent break-down and spill to Proctor Creek. This contract will be further extended immediately after the first of the year to provide for a similar relief to the lower end of the Bellwood Outfall and totally prevent overflows in this area. This was a major pollution point mentioned in the report that you offered us. The items mentioned above are in addition to the major Water Pollution Control Improvement Program laid on in 1966 by the City of Atlanta which will eventually lead to a drastic reduction of pollutional effects on the Chattahoochee River due to the construction of major trunk sewer facilities and new or improved water pollution control plants at the R. M. Clayton and Sandy Creek site. Unfortunately, these major improvements cannot be expected to show marked be_nefits until approximately 1971. The items mentioned previously are intended to provide a more imm e diate relief to some particularly troublesome areas that exist at present or that can be anticipated as problem areas with the increasing development in this area.

Ivan Allen, Jr. Mayor IAJr:lp

.

�DRAFT

December 18, 1967

Mr. R.S. Howard, Jr. Executive Secretary State Water Quality Control Board 47 Trinity Avenue, S.W. Atlanta, Georgia 30334 Dear Mr. Howard: Thank you for your letter of November 17, forwarding a copy of "A Water Quality Study of Proctor Creek", outlining the biological condition of this stream.

I

am sure that our Water Pollution Control Division will find this information most helpful in working toward relief of the pollution problems in this area. You should be advised that the City of Atlanta has undertaken several actions to improve the conditions of Proctor Creek from the standpoint of both sanitary sewer overflows and general pollution due to combined .storm and sanitary overflows coming from the combined storm sewer system connected to that basin .

I will briefly

outline in the following para graph\$ 1 some of the major actions planned for the basin in order that your of fice may be kept continually posted .

be advised fur ther and in more deta il f regarding each proj ect ment i one d be low. The City plan s to provide a ma jor tempor ary treatment f acility i n the v i cinity of Hollywood Roa d to acconnnodate a major portion of the sanitary sewer ove r load t ha t exi sts i n t hat bas i n and to a llow further deve lopment i n the mont hs ahea d .

Th i s

plant will be so de signe d t ha t it may s erve a s a n a dequate trea t men t device fo r the period fr om mid- s ummer 1968 t hr ough mid- s ummer 1970 , until such time as the diversion line fr om the Proctor Creek Basin int o the Sandy Creek Ba s in and into the new enlarged Sandy Creek Water Pollution Control Plant is constructed. Detailed plans and specifications for the pr oposed system near Hollywood Road will be provided to your office in the near future .

�2

A contract was recently let to relieve a small portion of the Bellwood Outfall sewer which has badly deteriorated over the years of its use and is an area of frequent break-down and spill to Proctor Creek.

This contract will befurther extended

immediately after the first of the year to provide for a similar relief to the lower end of the Bellwood Outfall and totally prevent overflows in this area.

This

was a major pollution point mentioned in the report that you o£fered us. The items mentioned above are in addition to the major Water Pollution Control Improvement Program laid on in 1966 by the City of Atlanta which will eventually lead to a drastic reduction of pollutional effects on the Chattahoochee River due to the construction of major trunk sewer facilities and new or improved water pollution control plants at the R.M. Clayton and Sandy Creek site.

Unfortunately, the se major

improvement s cannot be expected to show marked benef its until a pprox imate ly 1971. The items mentioned previously are intended to provide a more immediate relief to some particularly trouble some areas that exist at present or that can be antic i pated a s problem areas with the increasing deve lopment in this area. If this off ice can work with you in any way to further alleviate identifiable problem areas, please contact us immed iat e l y . Yours ve r y t r uly,

I van Allen , J r . Mayor

�CITY OF A T LANTA DEPART ME N T of CONSTRUCTION 301 CITY HALL

At la nta 3, Georg i a

November 22, 1967 RI C H A RD

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RE SPE SS

ASST . CHIEF OF CONSTRUCTION

RAY A . NIXON C h ief of Co n str u ction

R OBE RT H. M O RRI SS ASST. C HIEF OF CONSTRUCT I ON

Honorable Ivan Allen, Jr. Mayor City of Atlanta City Hall Dear Mayor Allen: With regard to the attached letter and report from the State Water Quality Control Board , the following c01J1Dents are offered:

1.

The request of the Emory Community Legal Services Center was discussed between this office and the State Water Quali ty Control Board prior to the delivery of a copy of the report to that Service Center. It is apparent that this group is working in conjunction with some of the residents of the Proctor Creek basin in an effort to speed some solutions to the many problems that they visualize in that area. One of the problems concerns itself with the high level of pollution and the flooding problems associated with the Proctor Creek area which have been problems of long standing and some of which will remain for a long time in the future, I fear.

2.

The City of Atlanta has a working plan to provide relief from sanitary sewer overflows and the worst elements of the pollution load in Proctor Creek, but unfortunately that plan, as programmed in 1963, 64 and 65, required a S-year time period for a reasonable degree of relief. This is not satisfactory, in light of the recent desire for increased low-rent housing areas which have a great potential in the land resources available in this basin.

3.

Thia office has revised its plans relative to the reduction of pollution in the Proctor Creek basin in an effort to conform with the desires of the administration relative to low-rent housing in this area and have provided for some temporary relief to existing and projected problems during the upcoming year.

4.

A

major item in this program is the \$250,000.00 temporary treatment facility proposed in the Water Pollution Control Division's 1968 budget. This facility is intended to prevent the overflow of untreated sanitary sewage from th separate sanitary sewer system in the lower end of the Proctor Creek basin, and at the same time provide the nee saary leeway for the addition of some ten thousand population projected for this area due to the increased drive for housing.

ATLANTA

THE

DOGWO O D

CI T Y

�- 2 Hon. Ivan Allen, Jr. 5.

November 22, 1967

There are several other problem areas in the Proctor Creek basin that will receive attention during late 1967 and early 1968. This office will be glad to brief you on problem areas and proposed solutions in this area at your convenience.

I trust that this will provide you some general information relative to the report enclosed and enable you to have a talking knowledge of the problem at hand. Yours very truly,

£,/uJJi.1&~~ Robert H. Morriss Director Water Pollution Control

RBM:ck Enclosures

�~tatt ~attr <a,ualit~ (tontrol JSoard 47 Trinity Avenue, S. W. ATLANTA, GEORGIA

30334

November 17, 1967

Honorable Ivan Allen, Jr. Mayor , City of Atlanta City Hall Atlanta, Georgia 30303 ~

Dear Mayor Allen:

oh.-;::;- ..

We have received a number of complaints in this pertaining to pollution in Proctor Creek. We have also had a request from the Emory Connnunity Legal Service s Center for a copy of a report of the existing conditions in this drainage basin. For your informat ion and perusal we are enclosing a copy of this report. We trust that it will be useful to you and your personnel .in future planning for pollution abatement in that bas·i n. We have taken steps to obtain corrective measures regarding the industrial waste being discharged to this streamo If you have any questions or wish to discuss this matter with us, please let us knowo With best wishes, Sincere ly,

1?€'f~~ Executive Secretary

RSH:mdg Enclosures cc: Mro Robert H. Morriss

�ABSTRACT

A water quality study of Proctor Creek in September, 1967, reveale~ grossly polluted conditions from the approxin1a.te area of Simpson Street (between Stations 1 and 2) to the Chattahoochee River.

The stream was devoid of macroinvertebrate fauna at

Stations 3, 4 and 5.

Station 1 at Burbank Drive was clean.

�------- - -

A WATER QUALITY ~TUDY

9F

PROCTOR CREEK

A water quality study includi_n g biol_ogical, bacteriol_o gical and chemical data was reque sted by the Director of the Water Quality Surveys Service to detennine the effects of ~rganic and other lilldetennined wastes on Proctor Creek, Fulton County. No_ generalizations can be· made r:egardi_n g the chemical data - at least a dozen separate collections would be necessary to obtain a seasonal view· of the stream.

however~ should reflect extreme stream conditions since samples were taken in the late SlIDUTier after a le_n gthy dro_ught when flows were very low.

Biol_o gical data, on the other hand, reflects stream

conditions over an extended period and is quite conclusive.

All

three parameters (biol_o gical, bacteriol_o gical and chemical) complemented each other in reaching the same conclusion r:egardi_n g this stream. Proctor Creek has its or:igin inunediately west of downtown Atlanta near Hunter Street.

It flows in a northwesterly direction

alongside the Southern Railway Company's Inman Yards and enters the Chattahoochee River at Highway 285. le_n gth and the flow is not_ great;

The stream is short in

(from the appearance of the stream bed and the mininial chemical data) appe ars to be very he avy . NATIJRE OF WASTES AND EFFECT ON AQUATIC LIFE _ For t he greater part of its l e_ngth Proctor Creek flows through an economically depres s ed area where a ll manner of garb_age and refuse is contributed t o the strewn.

The pr oblem is further

�' 2.

complicated in that the entire watershed is urban.

The major

sources of pollution appear to be both industrial and domestic in o~igin.

One point of massive pollution whid1 obliterated all

macroinvertebrate life and discolored the stream was a broken manhole located irrnnediately north of Rice Street on a tributary enteri_ng the Creek between Stations 2 and 3.

Oils from Southem

Railway's Inman Ya~ds enter the stream above Station 4.

Runoff

with accompanyjpg oils and dete_rgents from a service station at Station 2 was seen to enter the creek.

Evidence of domestic

sewage was clearly observed at Station 2. The major waste material received by Proctor Creek is ~rganic. ~rganic wastes exert an orygen demand and lower the dissolved orygen in stream water.

In an unpolluted stream with abundant dissolved

orygen, there will be found many different species of o_rganisrns representing many major_ groups of animals.

When the dissolved orygen

drops to approximately 3 or 4 !fig/1 arid lower, entire_ groups of o_rganisms will be eliminated.

With the increased amount of o_rganic

matter used as a food supply and competition from the pollution sensitive ~rganisms eliminated, animals (such as the snail, ~h~sa , which does not depend upon dissolved orygen) which can withstand the adverse polluted conditions unde_rgo a population explosion.

One

will encount er few species of o_rganisrns , but there will be enonnous rn.nnbers of animals be lo_nging to each species.

This is the situation

in Proctor Creek at Station 2 where there is a marked increase in

the number of air-breathing snails.

�. 3.

PROCEDURE: In September, 1967, a mnnber of stations were established on Proctor Creek.

Bacteriol.ogical and chemical samples were taken

on September 26, 1967, and biol.ogical specimens were collected on September 22, 1967.

Station locations were as follows:

1.

Burbank Drive

Fulton County

2.

~ghway 278

Fulton County

3.

Fulton County

4.

Fulton County

s.

Highway 70

Fulton County

Station 1 was located above all knmvn waste sour ces. 2 was locat ed bel ow an over f low~ng s ewer line .

Station

Station 3 was l ocat ed

below the point where effluent from a ruptured manhole enters the stream via a tributary.

Stations 4 and S were located below Inman

Yards . ~rganisms wer e picked from substrata ,vi.th j ewel er 's t weezer s and preserved in vials of 75% alcohol.

The connnon s ense minnow

s eine was used usually i n a futi l e at tempt to capture crayfishes and l~rge aquatic insects.

Crayfishes were sent to the U.S~ National

~Iuseum f or confi rmation of identification. r et ained in the f i les of the Division .

Other specimens wer e

The presentation of

biol.ogical data in the appendix was adapted from fonnats used by the Inst itute of Paper Chemistry . This study was of a qualitative nature;

however, similar

conditions (for example , riffl e areas) were so.ught at all stations and the same amount of collecti.ng tim~ was expended at each station. Therefore some valid compari son of the rel ative number of animals

�4.

can be drmvn between the two productive stations.

When possible 1

large pennanent pieces of debris or stones were selected for sampli_ng to insure that the life on them would be characteristic of the ecol_ogical area w1der consideration.

It is possible for

small pieces of debris with their fauna to float downstream from other eco~ogical areas.

This is a minor problem with Proctor Creek

since this stream appears to be devoid of macroscopic life thro_ughout much of its course. In an attempt to summarize biol_o gical data and present it in a fonn immediately acceptable to persons trained in fields other than biol_ogy, it was decided to apply the work of the Trent River Board (England) cited by Klein in River Pollution (Volume 2). The biotic index varies from 0-10 with 0 represent0~ grossly polluted conditions and 10 representing extremely clean conditions. The biotic index is especially applicable to streams such as Proctor Creek which are polluted by organic material.

biotic index graph in the appendix. The tables in the appendix of this r eport contain data pertaining to the biol_ogical life of the stream as well as chemical infonnation.

The figure in the right collll11Il of the biol_ogical

tables refers to the number of individuals of each genus collected . Identification of the o_rganisms was made with the aid of the following keys: 1.

Hobbs, Horton H. , Jr. , Key to the Crayfishes ~ f Georgi a. Per sonal communicat i on .

·2.

Pennak, Robert W., Fre shwat er Invert ebrates .......of --.-the ---.--...-United Stctes .

The Ronald Press Company, New York, 1953 .

�. 5.

3. ~-· Usi?ger, Robert . L. , Aqua tic Insects of California.

.

'

__,,.-

University of California Press , Berkeley, 1963. 4.

Ward, Henry B. and Whipple, Geo_rge C. , Freshwat er ~iol_<?,&r. John Wiley and Sons, Inc.

New Yo!'k, 1963.

OBSERVATIONS: Station 1 (Burbank Drive) was located on the uppennost reach of Proctor Creek above all knmm major waste sources; the stream receives urban surface runoff.

however,

The creek at this point

was only 6' wide and not more than 611 deep with a bottom of stones and sand.

The stones provided an excellent habitat for o_rganisms.

The water was clear and the current was moderate-fast in this riffle area.

Consideri_ng the urban character of the area, there

was little trash in the stream. dete_rgent foam on the water.

There was a sl_ight amount of

The biol_ogical situation was not what

one would normally find in a very clean strerun.

Stonefly larvae,

several_ genera of mayfly l arvae and caddisfly l arvae would be encountered;

.

was present at this station. fonn.

-

however, only one genus (Ameletus) of mayfly larvae .

~

.

.

It is considered a pollution sensitive

The facultative and tolerant portions of the faunal spectrum _

were as expected from a clean stream with no one_ group present in enonnous numbers .

The percentage of intolerant orgai1isms was 11

and the biotic index was 6 on a scale of 0-10.

Due to the large

number of mayfly l arvae present and the diversity and distribution of the other o_rganisms, the stream at this point was considered CLEAN.

The chemical and bacteriol_ogical data supported the biol_ogical

conclus ions - the dis solved oxygen was high (7 .8 mg/1) and the biochemical oxygen demand was low (0 ._3 mg/1) . count

The fecal colifon11

(4,300 MPN) on the day that chemical samples were t aken was

�6.

not high eno_ugh to indicate pollution by domestic se\~age. Station 2 was located on Proctor Creek at ~ighway 278.

T11e

stream was 15' wide and about 3"-6" deep with a bottom of small stones and sand.

The strean1 appeared deceptively clean from the

bri_dge - the water was a transparent blue_ green color caused by the_ growth of 3: green 3:lga on the bottom.

Runoff from an

automobile dealer service station entered the stream at this point contributing its oils and det~rgent to the already polluted creek.

The stream water had the appearance of domestic se\~age upon

close examination.

There were extensive sl~dge banks.

The bottoms

of stones were jet black and a typical sl~dge odor was noted when they were overturned.

Sphaerotilus and. green algae_ growths were --.

prfuse and extensive.

The bio_l_o gical situation was in keepi_ng

with the above description.

No pollution sensitive ~rganisms

were collected - only two_ genera of facul tative animals were Four tolerant o_rganisms we re pres ent :

encountered.

T~ndi:e~s.,

_Esy;c~o~a , Culex and P~2:~a. · ~lex and Physa require no dissolved oxygen. •

Ph:z:sa was present in profuse numbers . ---,,

The :intolerant

j

percent_age of organisms was O and the biotic index was a low 3. Stream condition was diagnosed as POLLUTED.

The chemical data we re

in accord with the bio_l_ogical conclusions - dissolved oxygen dropped to 3.0 ~g/1 and the biochemical oxygen demand increased to 5. 5 mg/1. The fecal colifonn count increased to 230,000 ~1PN which was an indication of the presence of domestic se~age. Station 3 was loca ted on Proctor Creek at Johnson Road. stream at this point was about 15' wide and 6" deep.

The

The bottom was

�' . 7.

composed of sand and stones which were covered 1-vi th a growth of ~.!;~~r_,2tilus.

The current was moderate-fast in the riffle area

which was sampled for o.rganisms downstream from the bri_dge.

At no

station on Proctor Creek was pollution so visibly apparent than at this point.

The stream water was an opaque milk white.

13:rge

amounts o~ garb_age and refuse had been thrown into the stream. Despite a careful and intensive search in an area which would have been productive in an unpolluted situation, no ~rganisms were collected.

This is the worst extreme of the biol_o gical spectrum -

a complete absence of macroinvertebrates.

Despite the ~egative

aesthetic qualities of many aninials tolerant to pollution, banks of sl~dge worms would be preferable and more desirable than a biol_ogical void.

Of course , the intolerant percent_age of o_rganisms

was O and the biotic index was 0. d~agnosed as GROSSLY POLLUTED.

The stream condition was

The dissolved O)o/gen decreased to

1.2 ~g/1 and the biochemical oxygen demand increased to 37 ~g/1. fecal coliform count rose to 23,000,000 ~rPN.

The

These parameters also

indicated the introduction to the stream of large amounts of wastes between Stations 2 and 3. Station 4 which was located at Hollywood Road was similar to Station 3.

The stream was SO' wide in the collecti_ng area 100'

downstream from the bri_dge and approxiniately 3" deep.

The water

color was a slate_ grey_ green which, according to personnel of the City of Atlanta pl.UTiping station adjacent to this point, d1anges color periodically.

The current was moderate - s1-vift.

area .would have been ideal in an unpolluted stream.

The collecti.ng There were

many stones of varying sizes to which aquatic an~nals ~ight adhere. The stones in the riffle area were very slick with a healthy growth

�8.

of ~a~r~t~l~s.

All stone bottoms were jet black - there were

also extensive slll:dge banks.

When a stone was removed, a black

colored slll:dge would spread for several feet.

Despite the excellent

substrata, a long and careful search revealed no macroinvertebrates. Intolerant percen1:age of ~rganisms was 0 and the biotic index was _0. Stream condition was GROSSLY POLLUTED. pollution.

Other data indicate extreme .

Dissolved orygenwas 0.0 and biochemical orygen demand

was >62 !11g/L

The fecal col:ifmn count was 240,000,000 :MPN.

It

is s_ignificant that this station area, the most polluted part of the stream, is used for water contact recreation in warm months. Station 5 located at ~ighway 70 was the last point sampled before the stream enters the river. bri_dge and about 611 deep. green color.

The creek was 40' wide at the

The water was a polluted-looki_ng grey

Current was slow-moderate and there was considerable

dete_rgent fo am .

Abundant grmvths of SEhaerotilus and green algae

-,

..

"II

..

""

were pres ent.

A jet black slll:dge coat was present on the underside

of all stones.

A foetid odor was noted when stones were disturbed.

Construction and land clearing for an interstate ~ighway had contri.buted l~rge amounts of sand to the stream . Many stones, sticks and debri s pr ovided abundant substrate for ~rganisms; none wer e found.

however,

The strerun was sterile for rnacroinvertebrates .

The intolerant percent_age of o_rganisrns was 0 and the biotic index was 0.

Stream condition was consider ed GROSSLY POLLUTED .

Dissolved

orygen was 1. 0 _mg/1 and the biochemical orygen demand was 48 !11g/1. Fecal coliform r emained very ~igh at 23,000,000 ~fPN. Submitted November 10 , 1967.

~t~~ Biol_o gist

... ,.

.

T.

�APPENDIX

.

vs

�10.

STATION 1 MACROSCOPIC BENTHIC BIOTA

BURBAi\JK DRIVE

SCIENTIFIC NAME

ABUNDAi\J'CE

HffOLERA!Vf GB'J°ERA EPHEMEROPTERA

MAYFLY LARVAE

.Arneletus sp.

94

FACULTATIVE GEi\JERA DECAPODA

CRAYFISHES

Cambarus l a timanus

21

TRUE FLY LARVAE

DIPTERA S:i.muliwn vittatum larvae

2

pupae

1

Tendipedidae Genus 1

2

Genus 2

34

Genus 3

24

GASTROPODA

SNAILS

Ferrissia SE_. I

t

___,--

4

f"

TOLERANT GENERA DIPTERA

TRUE FLY LARVAE 1

GASTROPODA Physa sp.

SNAILS 3

�11.

Collecti?g site in stream: Substrata: Current: Depth:

10' downstream from bridge

Stones, papers, sticks Moderate -fast

6"

Shore v:egetation:

Liguidambar, ~ercus, Li~!.._~, Liriodendron _!u~i:eifera

�12. STATION 2 ~1ACROSCOPIC BEJ\ffHIC BIOTA

-

SCIENTIFIC N.Al\IE

HIGH\VAY 278 COivNON NAME

ABUNDAN'CE

-

INTOLERANT GB~"ERA NONE

FACULTAT IVE GEJ\JERA DIPTERA

TRUE FLY LARVAE

EPHYDRIDAE Brachydeutera sp. (pupa) -=r--

1

--

CERATOPOGONIDAE 2

AtrichoEogon sp. ~

i

- -

TOLERANf GHIBRA DIPTERA Culex

TRUE FLY LARVAE

-3:_.

larvae

7

pupa

1

-3?..·

3

!syc~o~a -3?..·

2

2 endi12es

SNAILS

GASTROPODA Physa .32-·

84

Collecti_n g site in stream: Substrata : Current: Depth:

50' dmvnstrearn from bri_dge

Debris , sticks Moderate

3" - 6"

Shore vegetation:

Melia, Salix, Ligustnun ,_ grasses

�. 13.

STATION 3 MACROSCOPIC BEN11-IIC BIOTA

STERILE FOR r-IACROINVERTEBRATES

Collecti_n g site in stream: Substrata: Current: Depth:

SO' downstream from bri_d ge

Stones, debris Moderate-fast

6"

Shore v:egetation:

Salix, Prunus ,_ grass es, __!;,i&11~tr~

�14.

STATION 4 ~IA.CROSCOPIC BENTHIC BIOTA

STERILE FOR ~IA.CROINVERTEBRATES

Collecti_n g site in stream: Substrata: Current: Depth:

100' . drnmstream from bri_dge

Stones, debris Moderate-fast

3" -6"

Shore v:egetation:

Platanus ,- C~ry3:, Solidago

�15.

STATION 5 HIGHWAY 70

~IA.CROSCOPIC BEl\JTHIC BIOTA STERILE FOR MACROINVERTEBRATES

Collecti?g site in stream: Substrata: Current: Depth:

At bri_dge

Stones, sticks, leaves, debris Slow-moderate

6"

Shore vegetation:

No vegetation - adjacent areas recently cleared for highway construction.

�' 16.

SUMMARY OF DATA NUMBER OF GENERA PER CEl\JT STATION INTOLERANT FACULTATIVE TOLERAl\JT INIOLERAl\JT DIAGNOSIS CLEAt'-J

1

1

6

2

11

2

0 .

2

4

0

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0

0

0

0

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4

0

0

0

0

GROSSLY POLLUTED

5

0

0

0

0

GROSSLY POLLUTED

BIOTIC INDEX 1

=

6

2

=

3

. 3

=

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4

=

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5

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�GEORGIA WA TER QUALITY CONTRO_L BO AR D DIVISION FOR GEO RGI A WATER QUALITY CO NTROL 47 Trinity A venu e, S.W. Atlanta, Georgia 30334

P age_ l _ of_l_ P a g es

LABORATORY REPORT MU N I C I PALITY

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RE,\I ARKS

Copi es to:

(S) WQ 1.1 0

Otis . C. Woods, J r. Oti s C . V. oo rl s , J r., Chemi s t Wa te r Oua l ity Sur ve ys Se rvice

6

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STON( MOUNTA IN·

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POP IN FULTON CO.

IN DEKALB CO.

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JOHN A WHIT[

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�47 Trinity Avenue, S. W. ATLANTA, GEORGIA

30334

ov mber 16, 1967

Mr . A• . Fo ter. Jr • • C::hlel Conotr ·ction Grant• '\cttviti a Fe e.r 1 W t r Pollution Co1ltr l • dm.

utt 300

1421 Peachtt• t. , •E. Atl nh., C or i 30309

R

ta, Ceorata th Rlftl' ate't Pollution Control lmpro menta D a.r Mr • •

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• &r tra.n1nlltti11 to you two copl•• ot P rt ' 1 B 0 Oc'111'.lenta lor t abov• refe•enced pr ject.

aTre O . Griffin 1

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OC:eeh 1 ••• c: Clty ol Atla.ata. / J r a.a, J • • •

Qoaldlaa

u 1tant to the \ltlv

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d ,up ortln

�' November 16 , 1967

Mr . R. E. Newton Newton , Incorporated 633 Pryor Street, S.W. Atlanta, Georgi 30315 Der Mr . Newton: Your letter of November 10 to Mr . Ray Nixon. regarding the repairing of the City sewer located through your property , has been referred to me for reply. As was noted in your letter an~ verified by our field inve ti ation of November 14 , this matter does require immediat attention . Mr . Sam Freem n , our Conetruction Superint ndent , assures me that h will have a crew begin the repair work a soon a po 1ible , hopefully within t n day . Th nki g you for your patience in this Your

tter , I r truly,

R. K. L nca1t r Engineer W. P.C . Division lUCL :lfw

cc: Mr.' Ray Nixon \Alayor Ivan Allen

ain

�Novembor 109 1967

City of Atlanta City Hall~ 68 litchell street Atlanta, o~gia

Attantiona

Mr. Ray Nixon

Chief, Construction Dept, Gentlem ni Over the past several years o have tried to get the combination torm ewer, indicated on the attached .o keteh, ropa.ired; so far, no result other than convoraation. The aroa. de ignatod by hatohing and numbered 6:n 1 our property and io constantly being !loodod wi. th both storm and ea.nit~ ate from an unlmown nwnber of houses , schools o.nd whatever a.bovo us . and. ae.n:i. taey-

The City of Atlanta is s e of this oitu.ation and ha.a as yet don nothing. This cannot continue, mu.at have roli r. tovor w can reasonably do to help, 1te v,ill.

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Tel. 522·4,i SJ Area Code 404

IVAN ALLEN, JR., MAYOR R. EARL LANDERS, Administrative Assistant MRS. ANN M. MOSES, Executive Secretary DAN E. SWEAT, JR., Director of Governmental Liaison

October 20, 1967

Mr . R . S. Howar d , Jr. E xe cutive S e cr e t a ry State Water Quality Control Board 47 Trinity Avenue, S. W. Atlanta, Georgia 30334 RE : L e tte r d a t ed S e ptember 2 8 , 19 67 , r e q u ir i ng fo rma l s c h e dul e for compl e t ion of proj ects r ela t ive t o the abatement of pollution on the Chattahoochee River. Dear Mr. Howa rd:

In r esp onse to th e above r e f erenc e d l e tte r, the Cit y of Atla nta h as compi l ed necessar y d ocum e n t s t o pr ovid e you wi th sch e dules outlining: (1) Subm ission of an e nginee r i n g study (2) S cheduling of fina n cing arrangem e nts (3) A sche dule for submission of final engineer i n g plans a n d spe cificati ons ( 4 ) A schedule for the construction of waste tr e atment \ faciliti e s These d oc u ments are submitte d i n order t o c ompl y with your desire to have such material by O ctober 2 0 , 1967, and are inte nded to indicate the e ffo rts of the City of Atla nta in complying with th e Sta t e and F e d e r a l Dir ec tive s re lative to the provision of s e conda ry wa ste t rea tm e n t for e ffluent s di sch a rg e d t o the Cha tta h ooch ee Ri ver on or before July 1 , 1971.

�October 20, 1967

Mr. R. S. Howard, Jr. Executive Secretary State Water Quality Control Board Page Two

The engineering study referred to in paragraph 1 above, was submitted to your office on December 30, 1965, and remains substantially in effect as a reflection of the problems and the construction needs for the abatement of pollution on the Chattahoochee River eminating from the R. M. Clayton Water Pollution Control Plant, the Sandy Creek WPC Plant, and the Utoy WPC Plant, each of which are the property of and under the direct,control of the City of Atlanta . .A similar engineering study entitled "Report on Sewerage System hnprovements for Fulton County, Georgia" prepared by Wiedeman and Singleton Engineers with the date of December, 1965, reflects a completed requi rement for an engineering study to determine the needs for plant improvements at the Camp Creek WPC Plant and the Fulco WPC Plant; both of which are principally owned by unincorporated Fulton County while being operated by the City of Atlanta. Fulton County officials will submit further data relative to financ i ng, final engineering plans and spe cifications, and construction schedules for these two faciliti e s.

With reference to financing arrangements that are necessary to provide waste treatment facilities referred to above, I am sure that you are aware that the City of Atlanta took the necessary actions late in 19 66 to provide an ad e quate revenue base in the form of s e wer s e rvi c e charg e s , such tha t the improve ments and e x p a nsions to th e facilities r e f e rr e d t o above can be carried out in compliance with the schedule to be discuss e d in later paragraphs of this letter. Appendix 3 to this letter reflects the financing plan of the City of Atlanta to accomplish the construction schedul e r e flect e d in other segm e nts of this l e tte r . A similar financ i ng plan will b e employe d to p r ovide the City's sha r e of e x p an sions a nd impr ove ments t o the Fulco a n'd Ca mp Cr e e k W P C P l ant which w i ll b e mentioned in a similar letter forwarded to your office by F ulton County. It should be pointe d out that a l_a rge portion of the fina ncing plans of the City of Atlanta a nd oth e r metropolitan communiti es w e r e a nd are b a s e d up on ant icipate d financ i a l a s s i s tanc e f r om the Sta t e a n d F e d era l Government in the d es ign and c o ns t r u c t ion of th e nec e ssa r y facili t ie s to accom plish the a b a t ement of poll ution on th e Cha tta ho o chee River . The G eorgia W a ter Q uality C ontrol B oar d should r e cog ni z e tha t all comm i tm.e nts m ade in the pa st a n d at t his time a r e made w ith an eye toward avail able

�October 20, 1967 · Mr. R. S. Howard, Jr. Executive Secretary State Water Quality Control Board Page Three

federal funds and with the serious hope that the State Government will take the necessary steps to meet its obligation in this regard. It should also be noted that any reduction in available funding from the presently authorized federal levels will have a significant effect both upon starting time and the completion time of projects scheduled and provided for in this letter.

The schedule for submission of final engineering plans and specifications and the scheduled start and completion of waste treatment facilities are reflected on Appendix I to this letter. This appendix indicates on a graphical schedule basis the proposed dates for these critical phases of pollution abatement and reflects the programmed time for provision of secondary treatment in compliance with your previous directives. The City of Atlanta is committed through previous actions of the Aldermanic Board to the completion of these facilities in the most expeditious manner possible. This office will work with that Board in every way possible to attain the objective of reduced water pollution on the Chattahoochee River and to provide a more healthful environment for Atlanta. If this office can be of any further assistance to you in this regard, please advise. Very truly yours,

Ivan Allen, Jr. Mayor

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Enclosures : Appendix #1 Engineering & Construction Schedule Appendix #2 Funding Requirements Schedule Appendix #3 Financing Plan

�Mr. R. S. Howard, Jr . . Executive Secretary State Water Quality Control Board 47 Trinity Avenue, S. W. Atlanta, Georgia 30334 RE:

Letter dated September 28, 1967, requiring formal schedule for completion of projects relative to the abatement of pollution on the Chattahoochee River.

Dear Mr. Howard: In response to the above referenced letter, the City of Atlanta has compiled necessary documents to provide you with schedules outlining: (1) Submission of an engineering study (2) Scheduling of financing arrangements (3) A schedule for submission of final engineering plans and specifications (4) Aschedule for the construction of waste treatment facilities These documents are submitted in order to comply with your desire to have such material by October 20, 1967, and are intended to indicate the efforts of the City of Atlanta in complying with the State and Federal Directives relative to the provision of s e condary waste treatment f or effluents discharged to the Chattahoochee River on or before July 1 , 1971. The engineering study referred to in ~aragraph 1 above, was submitted to your office on De c ember 30, 1965, and remains substantially in effect as a refl e ction of the problems and the construction needs for the abatement of pollution on the Chattahooche e River eminating from the R. M. Clayton Water Pollution Control Plant, the Sandy Creek WPC Plant , and the Utoy WPC Plant , each of which are the property of and under the dir e c t cont rol of the Ci t y of At lant a.

A similar engineering study entitled

11

Report on Sewar age Sy s tem

Impr ovements fo r Fu l t on Count y , Georgia" pr epared by Wiedeman and Sing l eton Eng ineer s wi t h the date of December 1965 , r eflects a comple te d r equ irement for an engineer ing s tudy t o determine the nee ds for plant impr ovemen t s a t t h e Camp Cr e ek WPC P l a n t and the Fu l co WPC Plan t; both of wh i ch a re princ ipally owne d by unincorpora te d Ful ton County while be i ng operated by the City of At l anta .

Fu l t on County off ic i a ls will submit further

data relative to financing, final engineering p l an s an d specifications , and construction

�schedules for these two facilities. With reference to financing arrangements that are necessary to provide waste treatment facilities referred to above, I am sure that you are aware that the City of Atlanta took the necessary actions late in 1966 to provide an adequate revenue base in the form of sewer service charges, such that the improvements and expansions to the facilities referred to above can be carried out in compliance with the schedule to be discussed in later paragraphs of this letter.

Appendix 3 to this letter reflects

the financing plan of the City of Atlanta to accomplish the construction schedule reflected in other segments of this letter.

A similar financing plan will be employed

to provide the City's share of expansions and improvements to the Fulco and Camp Creek WPC Plant which will be mentioned in a similar letter forwarded to your office by Fulton County.

It should be pointed out that a large portion of the financing plans

of the City of Atlanta and othe r metropolitan communities were and are based upon anticipated

financial assistance from the State and Federal Government in the design

and construction of the necessary facilities to accomplish the abatement of pollution on the Chattahoochee River.

The Georgia Water Quality Control Board should recognize

that all committments made in the past and at this time are made with an eye toward available f e deral funds and with th e serious hope that the State Gove rnment will ta ke th e n e c e ssa r y ste ps to mee t its obligation in this re gard .

It should also be noted

that any r e duction in available funding from the pres ently authorized fede ral l evels will have a significant effec t both upon starting t ime and t he compl et ion t ime of proje c t s sche duled and provi ded for in this le tte r . The s che du l e fo r submission of final engine erin g plans and speci fi cation s and the s chedul e d sta rt and compl e tion of was t e t r eatment f acili t ies are ref l e c ted on Appendix 1 to this letter .

Thi s app endix i n d i ca te s on a gra phica l s che dule ba s i s the proposed

dates for the s e critical phas e s o f po llut ion a ba tement and r efl ects the programmed time

�for provision of secondary treatment in compliance with your previous directives. The City of Atlanta is committed through previous actions of the Aldermanic Board to the completion of these facilities in the most expeditious manner possible.

This

office will work with that Board in every way possible to attain the objective of reduced water pollution on the Chattahoochee River and to provide a more healthful environment for Atlanta.

If this office can be of any further assistance to you

Ivan Allen, Jr. Mayor City of Atlanta

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�~tatr ~atrr <anality (!ontrol )Soard 47 Trinity Avenue, S. W. A TLAN TA, GEORGIA

30334

September 28, 1967

Honorable Mayor and Council City of Atlanta Atlanta, Georgia Re:

Our Letter of October 19, 1966Federal Conference on Interstate Pollution of the Chattahoochee River and Its TributariesPollution Abatement Schedule

Gentlemen: Please be reminded that in accordance with the requirements of the subject conference your schedule for completion of the following items is due by October 20, 1967: (1)

Engineering study

(2)

Financing arrangements

(3)

Final engineering plans and specifications

(4)

Construction of waste treatment facilities

We would like to receive your schedule for these items prior to October 20, 1967, if possible. However; it is essential that the deadline agreed to by the Conferees and the Secretary of the Interior be met. Sincerely,

A{.?41<1a5 . R. S. Ho~

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Mr. Warren O. Griffin Assistant to the Executive Secretary State Water Quality Control Board 37 Trinity Avenue, S. W. Atlanta, Georgia 30334

Re : Federal Grant Application Atlanta, Georgia Airport Industrial Facility Dear Mr. Griffin: This is to acknowledge receipt of your letter of August 28. 1967 in which you advised us of the unavailability of funds to upport a Fedei-al Grant Application referenced above at this tim.e. While we regret that funds are not available for this purpose, we would appreciate your continued review of this matter in the hope that funds may become availabl at some early date. If e can do anything further to a sist you in thi regard, plea e advise

us. With r ference to your comment regarding State Funds,

I am u:re that you are a are oJ. our intere t in this area and four de ire to see the State Governm. nt play n active roll in th · con truction of this type facility. If the City of Atlanta can a i t your agency in any way in moving the State Ge>vermnent into a financial suppol't field, pl a e advi e. Very truly your ,

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�~tatr ~atrr <analiQ! ~ontrol .1Soard 47 Trinity Avenue, S. W. ATLANTA, GEORGIA

30334

August 28, 1967

Honorable Ivan Allen, Jr. Mayor of Atlanta City Hall Atlanta, Georgia 30303

RE:

Federal Grant Application Atlanta, Georgia Airport Industrial Facility

Dear Mayor Allen: We regret to inform you that due to lack of available funds, your application for a Federal grant under the provisions of Public Law 660 cannot be considered this Fiscal Year. The State of Georgia received seventy-three applications requesting grants in excess of \$20,000,000. The funds authorized under the Federal Water Pollution Control Act for the State during this Fiscal Year is \$9,700,000; however, it appears that the Congress will only appropriate enough funds for the State of Georgia to receive approximately \$4,370 , 000. As you may know, there are provisions in the Georgia Water Quality Control Act for the State to appropriate funds to assist in the construction of waste treatment facilities. To this date, the Georgia General Assembly has not appropriated any funds under this Act. Your application will remain on file in this office for reconsideration upon receipt of the Fiscal Year 1969 funds after July 1, 1968. You will be notified of any action taken regarding your application.

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Warren o. Griffin¥

Assiseant t o t he Executive Secretar y WOG: se

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Jordan, Jones and Goulding

�DRAFT REPLY TO ATTACHED LETTER Mr. Warren O. Griffin Assistant to the Executive Secretary State Water Quality Control Board 37 Trinity Avenue, S. W. Atlanta, Georgia 30334 RE:

Federal Grant Application Atlanta Georgia Airport Industrial Facility.

Dear Mr. Griffin: This is to acknowledge rece ~pt of your letter of August 28, 1967 in which you advised us of the unavailability of funds to support a Federal Grant Application referenced above at this time. While we regret that funds are not available for this purpose, we would appreciate your continued review of this matter in the hope that funds may become available at some early date. If we can Bo anything further to assist you in this regard, please advise us. With reference to your comment regarding State Funds, I am sure that you are aware of our interest in this area and of our desire to see the State Government play an active roll in the construction of this type facility. If the City of Atlanta can assist your agency in any way in moving the State Government into a financial support field, please advise. Yours very truly,

Ivan Allen, Jr. Mayor City of Atlanta IA , Jr . /pae

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TY OF A T LA

DEPARTMENT of CONSTRUCTION 301 CITY HALL

Atlanta 3, Georgia RICHARD W. RESP ESS

July 28, 1967

RAY A. NIXON Chief of Construction

ASST. CHIEF OF CONSTRUC TI ON

ROBER T H . MORRISS ASST. CHI EF OF CONSTRUCT I ON

Mr. R. Earl Landers Administrative Assistant to the Mayor Mayor's Office Dear Earl, Please note the attached correspondence which followed a memorandum that you forwarded to this office regarding contract negotiations for water treatment operation and construction. From the letter of July 21 from Turner McDonald, I find that no attitude change has occurred on the part of Fulton County. It appears that we have again reached a log jam in this matter, but I will contact Turner in the near future to see if we can move the issue off of dead center . I will keep you a dvis ed as progress is made tn this matter. Yours very truly,

~,~ Robert H. Morriss WPC Engineer RHM/pae Enclosur e

ATLANTA

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OFFICE OF DIRECTOR OF PUBLIC WORKS

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522-5310

30303

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301

July 21, 1967

Mr. Robert H. Morriss, Asst. Chief of Construction 301 City Hall Atlanta, Ga. 30303 Dear Mr. Morriss: We have delayed answering your letter of July 7th concerning the Long Island Creek Pumping Stations because we wanted to review the original contract for the Metropolitan Sewer System, and subsequent amendments under which the va rious s ewag e facilities have been constructed, remodeled and operated . We think it would be very ba d indeed if we should depart , in this instance, from the well- e stablished custom of having all municipalities and the County participate in the cons truction and operation of each facility on the pro-rata basis of its use of the fa cility . The suggestion which you ma de in your letter of July 7th, and the earlier agreem ent which apparently was prepared in your office, of course , have merit, but we feel tha t continua nce of a system which has wo rked w ell in the pa st not only will b e fa ir in this insta nce, but will have some value because it follow s an established custom . Anot her reason why w e feel this course of action should be followed is that we have other fa cilities, including FulCo, which should be t reated in the same m a nner . Undoubtedly in the futur e there will be other occasions where the County or the City will build the fac ility, but the cost of construction a nd maintenance will be s hared with other governments . Will you consider the matter and draw a pr oposal in l ine with the exi sting amendments t o the original contract?

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ATM / h cc : Messrs . Carl Johnson, Har old Sheat1;,

rytruly,

F. . T . J . ~ i r e c t o r , Public Works Depanment

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rir . A. Turner :r-~c Do a lcl

Di r ector of Pub lic Hors 165 Ce tral Aven e At anta, Ge orgia

Dear Turner : ha ve rec ntly been sent a copy of a ~eno dated June 27,P 1~& 7, addressed to ycu by :'1r . Al len F . Keipper, County lana3er, 7ith re rcnce to cap: tali zat ion c onsid~rati on in co trnct neg otiatio ns between t e

City and ti1e. County. In light of ,r. Keipper's cornments D I am in~uiring into the possibil ity o f reo pe ning ,egotiation s on contrac s currently out sta n~ing for the operation of the Fulco Water Pollution Control Plan and the Long Island Creek Pumping Stations . You ~i l reca 1 that pr elimin3ry negotiations on these contracts st opped soll!etime .ngo w en the old bug- a-boo of ca pitalization fi · st reered its head. I hnve atta ched a single copy of the original y proposed contracts fort ese operations for your consideration. If it appe s th~t \1e can proceed o a reasonable bas s, I would appreciate any moiification you might suggest in order to bring these contracts to an ~cceptable f inal form. o .:is

Yo1rs very truly,

,,1::d,, I:/jj tJL:,, . Robert

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Asst . Chief of Construction

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nd re-op t,; n t :1 2i L;;.su,~ of '.1·.!I)rocL, U on c ~,:; r; es , I e n, b nv~·rd i:n;r t () th -);-.:

c o p i z s :)f foi .s r:1 01:-:0l."'31:,-:.:u·11 2 n:j ,oL:r na ,t:·:)n rn]u r;; of V c:>. y l ',1 , l :'J 3 7 . 1

li1 t ~n int ~ri n J. ;:;u,;iJ ·3 St t:!a t yoL: cor.t.inu 2, yoL:r p,io( ;.)r~ c u e~ of ~ 1111 :-iJ t:1~ City onl y io-: ,..:-.:;t :.rn l ~x;>on3~s wHh no pr-::,vi si ori for dapr•J.:1a t10n.

c c : Bqard of County Cor;'ir.11:. s Joncrs . . .,r:(.r o R . · EBrl L~ndcr:3. , Azsis tGn t t o the' !\':.Jyo: .: ,f Mlanta

�Jwie 9. 1967

MEMORANDUM

To: Mi- . Robert H. Morri a, A sistant Chief of Construction From : R . Earl Landers

We are ttaching h _reto correspon•ence r ceived from th Foundation, Americ::: n Public Works .A ssoci -tion . We have r turned th postal card listing you int rvi wer to con ct.

REL :lp

Attachment

R s arc:::h

the per on for their

�June 5 , 1967

Mr . Herbert G. Poertner Geneiral Manager Research Foundation .American Public Works Association 1313 East 60 Stre t Chicago, lllinoie 60637 De · r Mr. Poertner: Ref r nee is m de to your telegram of Jun 3rd addressed to Mayor Ivan All n, Jr . and your requ t that your lett r nd qu stionnai:r of M y 22nd be answered.

In checking our files, we are unable to loc t your correspond nc • If you will forw rd another qu stionnaire to us , w will se that it i promptly completed and r turned to

your. Sincerely your ;

R . E rl Lander Admini trative

REL:lp

�C~TY

TLA

OF

DEPARTMENT of CONSTRUCTION 301 CITY HALL

Atlanta 3, Georgia RICHARD W. R ESPESS ASST. CHIEF OF CO NS TRUCTION

RAY A . NIXON Chi ef of Construction

ROBERT H, MORRISS ASST. CHI EF OF CONSTRUCTION

_May 26, 1967

Mr. Earl Landers Administrative Assistant to the Mayor Second Floor City Hall Dear Sirs: Continuing serious problems are being encountered in many areas by flooding and inadequate drainage. These conditions, in many cases, are aggravated by badly deteriorated existing drainage systems which have long since passed their design life expectancy and which, in almost every case, are hydraulically inadequate for present run-off. Many of these areas have presented their probl ems to the Public Works Committee, to the Mayor, and to this office, and only the most serious have received any attention due to the total lack of f unds and personnel. This office fee l s that the entire storm water problem together with its interrelations hip with the combined sewer system is in bad need of detailed study f or further improvement which must be anticipated; and further, that there exis ts an immediate pressing need f or emergency type expenditures , to allow prevention of s ewe r flooding and hazardous conditions in many areas of the system. A more detailed statement of this need is provided on the attached memorandum. The Federal Government has recently solicited participation in such work;and it is apparent that there is a good possibility for securing · Federal assistance in the long range plan endeavor s outl ined in the memorandum mentioned above. A copy o f the Government solicitation is attached with this corresp ondence f or your f u t ure guidance. Your consideration and assistance to developing a program to meet our needs is solicited. Yours ver y, s,uly,

d4~/it1, 7!1t4~~

~ ; b~rt H. Morriss Asst . Chief of Construc tion RHM: l gk

AT LAN T A

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FEDER.AL HATER FOLLUTimJ CON'rFlOL Arn:JINISTRATION NEGOTI AT ED CONTRt,CTS SECTION (ADGSPB) 6JJ I NDIANA AVENUE, N .W. 1;-IASHINGTON, D. C. 20242

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STUDIES ~-IOULD BE

CARRIED OUT I N CITIES SELECTED BY THE CONTR.O..CT0.:1.S AND DIRECTED TO ASSESSl1ENT OF THE AREA 'S CONBINED SEWER OVERFLOW PROBLEH AS PAGE NO .

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THE CONTRACTOR 1;-JILL BE RESPONSIBLE FOR .A.LL ASPECTS OF STUDY A.ND PP.EPAs1.ATION OF FINAL REFORT I NCLUDING: a.

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REPORTING RESULTS OF ALL FIELD I NVESTIGATIONS.

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RECONMENDA.TIONS FOR REi:1IEDIAL ACTIONS NECESSARY TO ABATE POLLUTION OCCURRING BECAUSE OF STO!&I AND COMB:CNED SE:TER DISCHA.'lGES.

ALTERi\IATE SOLUTIONS FOR

INDIVIDUAL CORRECTIVE HEASURES ;{ITHIN THE TOTAL PLAN MUST BE PRESENTED AFTER DEVELOP.NENT BASED ON EXISTING CONTROL METHODS .

ALTER.NATE SOLUTIONS BASED PAGE NO.

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ALL PROPOSED SOLUTIONS r-'IUST I NCLUDE · OONSTRUCTION, OPE.t1A'l'ION lli\JD HAIN'l'Ej'ANCE COST ESTD-1ATES.

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THE CONTRACTO R l JILL BE REQUIRZD TO YLJRNI Sll A FINAL REPORT ON HIS INVESTIGATIONS, I NCLUDD-IG PRELIMI NARY PLANS FDR NECESSARY CONSTRUCTION, DETAILED COST ESTH1ATES FOR PROPOSED WOP. };-S AND A PLAN FOR FINANCING OONSTRU CTIO:N .

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THE RESULTS OF THIS FINAL REPORT 1:-!ILL BE WIDELY Pl'JBLICIZED AS AT LEAST ONE GK'IERAL SOLUTION TO THIS TYPE OF PROBLEN.

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CONTR.t\.CTORS HILL BE SELECTED ON THE BASIS OF THE TYPE 01" PROBLEt·i:

AREA

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AN ORIGINAL AND THREE COPIES. OF EACH RESFONSE

SHOULD BE SlJBHITTED.

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U.S . DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FEDERAL WATER POLLUTION CONTROL ADMINISTRATION PERTINENT AREAS FOR RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT STORM ·AND COMBINED SEWER POLWTION CONTROL

. .. · 't··; ,·.,,··:i . .. . ..

. . . . !~ .

Ma.y,

1967

l

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.

The problem of pollution from storm and combined sewers is one which has only recently begun to receive pro~er emphasis as a signif i cant pollution source. There are in the United States CNer 1900 ·... commun:l.ties with combined or partially combined sewerage systems serving some 59 million people. The discharge of polluting wastes from storm drainage systems and overflows from combined sewers serves as a distinct challenge to the ingenuity of minicipal officials, consulting engineers, universities and corporations engaged in research and development, as well as equipment manufacturers. Polluting discharges from combined storm and sanitary sewers occur during wet-weather periods when the carrying capacity of the sewers is exceeded due to the large amounts of storm water entering the sewers. The normal, or dry weather flow is prevented from overflowing continuously by means of CNerflow weirs, mechanical regulators, valves and other devices. They permit CNerflows to occur when sewer flows reach a predetermined level. Separation of the storm water from the sanitary sewage can be at least a partial answer to the problem since if the systems are completely separated the most concentrated waste load can be conveyed to and treated at the waste treatment plant. We have come to recognize in recent years, however, that surface runoff also contains significant amounts of pollutants - some cases nearly as much as sewage - so that separation of sanitary wastes is now believed to be only a ·partial solution to the total problem. Congress had these factors in mind when the current storm and combined sewer pollution control demonstration grants were authorized. Section 6 (a) (1) of the Federal Water Pollution Act authorizes"---grants to any State, municipality, or intermunicipal or interstate a gency for the purpose of assisting in the development of any project which will demonstrate a new or improved method of controlling the discharge into any waters of untreated or inadequately treated sewage or other wastes from sewers which carry storm water or both storm water and s ewage or other wastes----." The Federal Government can provide up to 75 percent of the estimated reasonable cost of individual research, development and demonstration projects. The applicant must provide assurances that local funds are or will be available to pay for the remainder of the cost. Application for contract support for pertinent research and development projects will also be considered. The necessary application forms and more detailed information concerning the Program can be obtained by writing toz Offi ce of Research a nd Development Federal Wat er Pollution Control Administration U.S. Depart ment of the Interi or 633 I ndiana Ave nu e , N. W. Washingt on , D. C. 20242

.·.

· ··,.

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By wa:y of assisting those who wish to participate in the task of controlling or abating pollution from storm and combined sewers the following outline of technical areas for which applications a.re desired is provided: A.

DRAINAGE AREA CONTROL

l.

Reduce and regulate stormwater input to sanitary sewers a.

Diversion of surface runoff to the ground water by altering and controlling land use to increase infiltration 1. Reduction of impervious areas - increasir.g open spaces 2. Terracing and otherwise reducing land slopes through landscaping 3. Planting grasses, trees and shrubbery 4. Reducing extent and time of exposure of bare earth during land development and construction

b.

Shallow pervious basins for percolation to ground water or use sprinklers

c.

Ground water disposal wells (injection & others)

d.

Reduction of ground water infiltration to sewers 1. Development of better methods of determining location and extent of sewer infiltration 2. Development of better sewer joints, lateral connections, etc. 3. Development of better methods of repairing existing lines, making new installations and closing of abandoned connections

e.

Storage of stormwater runoff l. Temporary storage of stormwater at building or immediate area through us e of holding tanks, seepage pits, rooftops, or b ackyard storage (detention) facilities. Regulated discharge from storage to the groundwater, a watercourse, or s ewer system. 2 • . Stormwater collection sumps (neighborhood) with regulated dis charge to sewer system ( includes storage facility under , , streets) 3. "Upstream." storage or other control methods to decrease runoff effect on lower portions of the system 4. Stormwater storage in urban area surface lakes, ponds, caverns, for subsequent discharge to watercourse or sewer systems 5. Storage and operating characteristics necessary for snowmelt runoff 6. Reuse of stored water for irrigation, street cleaning, sewer flushing and other purpos.es

I· .

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2.

3.

Eliminate discharge of sanitary sewage and other wastes to storm sewers a.

Eliminate illicit connections of sanitary sewers where separate sewers exist

b.

Reduce groundwater infiltration to storm sewers

c.

Separation and collection of concentrated waste materials on the surface for discharge to sanitary or industrial waste sewers. (Animal waste,. industrial materials and waste projects, sludges, etc.)

Reduce solids in storm runoff a.

Soil erosion control . 1. Highway, street, and utility construction methods and practices changes 2. Use of solids retaining pon~, basin, or other type unit with necessary treatment 3. Grass seeding and other type plant coverage of exposed earth

b.

Improved street cleaning and urban "housekeeping" methods to prevent solids from reaching the sewers

4. Pre-treatment of water entering storm sewers

B.

a.

Disinfection only

b.

Primary clarification With modifications (With and without chlorination or other type disinfectants)

c.

Lagoons, ponds, tanks with solids holding capacity for given period

d.

Filtration

e.

Tr eatment for nutrient removals

f.

Tr eatment or storage in cat ch basins

g.

Other t reatment methods and pr ocesse s or combination s of the above including chemic al t reatment

COLLECTION SYSTEM CONTROL 1.

Improvements in gravity s ewer system

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2.

a.

Catch basin improvements including operation and maintenance practices

b.

Sewer planning and control s to regulate time of flow during heavy stormwater periods, including sewer flood flow routing techniques, travel time, etc.

c.

Improved sewer shapes and materials to improve flow conditions, (lower1 "n") better sewer connections and manhole flow channels

d.

Increase trunk and interceptor design capacity

e.

Improved system design methods utilizing best hydrological practices

Special conveyance syst ems a.

Limited s eparation of combined sewers with express sewer construction for sanitary waste

b.

Partial separation 1. Separate drains f or streets, yards, parking lots, n ew buil dings, etc. 2. Phased s eparation of sewer systems in all n ew areas to be sewered and redeveloped. While this method could have significant long-range beneficial effects, demonstration grants for separation of sewers are not envision ed 3. Preventing stormwater flows in s eparate systems :from b ei ng discharg ed to combined sewer s c. Separ ation of sanitary s ewage and use of s eparate s ewer i ns i de l arger s ewers where available to convey sewage to treatment plant

3.

d.

Us e of vacumm conveyance systems..: :for -sanita.ry sewage . _. & s olid wastes

e.

Others

Redu ce peak flows a.

b.

Di ver sion of exc ess flow f rom combined sewer to ext ernal fac ilities f or storage and regulat ed feed back to syst em f or t reat ment In-line treat ment to improve f low c ondit i ons

c.

In-line detention through use of enlarged segment of sewer

d.

In-sys t em detent ,i on of waste and stormwater through telemetering or other t ype signaling systems with remote control on flow. Reduction in water use through improvements in plumbing fixtures

e.

�5

4.

5.

C.

Reduce in.filtration and exf'iltration a.

Development of improved methods of locating sewer leaks; checking out new sewers, laterals and house lines

b.

Development of new and better methods and materials for making sewer repairs, closing abandoned openings and construction in general

c.

Development of methods of sealing sewers in place, internally and externally, to reduce infiltration .

d.

Improved means of implementing control of illicit "clearwater" connections to sewers

Systems analysis and control methods a.

In-line (internal) storage with telemetering and remote or automatic flow control

b.

External storage in tanks, ponds, etc. for feed back with automatic control system

c.

In-system routing of stormwaters to utilize full storage capacity of system and subsequent treatment

d.

Others and combinations of (a), (b), (c) (Including periodic dry weather flushing to move solids deposited in sewers, and better sewer maintenance in general)

EXTRANEOUS (EXTERNAL) DISCHARGE CONTROL 1.

Treatment of combined sewer overflow a.

Tr eatment at or near point of overflow of conventional type primary treatment tanks, l agoons with chemical treatment Other type s of treatment facilities or

through us e units or ponds, and chlorination. processes .

b.

Use of subter ranean holding basins with treatment f aciliti es

c.

Expansion or additions to existing t re atment plant s to treat exc ess flow

d.

Nut rient rem.oval

e.

Treatment with re t urn of conc entrat e to interceptor for

f'urther treatment at sewage treatment plant

�6 2.

D.

Treatment of stormwater runoff a.

Sma.1.J. drainage area plants vs. central plant utilizing new or improved methods of treatment

b.

Utilization of upstream storage to cut peaks and control plant input

c.

Pre-treatment and direct ground water replacement

d.

Irrigation by spreading, spray or other methods

e.

Treatment and use as supplement to raw water supply

f.

In-line treatment

g.

Others

MISCELLANEOUS l.

Determination of economic feasibility study of separation vs. combined sewer system and local vs. central treatment facilities for overflow and stormwater.

2.

Development and demonstration of new or improved accurate instruments for flow measurement and water quality monitoring.

3.

Development and demonstration of improved techniques of hydrologic analys es, to determine re asonable accurate r ainfall runoff relationships. Compilation of sources of existing data and development of improved statistical methods.

4. Management techniques geared to optimize control_ and/ or treatment through utilization of new methods. ·

5,

Development of improved construction materials and methods

6. Development of performance criteria needed in relationship to stream wat er quality s tandards I t should b e noted that the above outline i s not considered to be all-inclusive, since there may b e numer ous completely or i gi nal i deas which could b e added -- some of which may be more significant than any of those listed, Submiss i on of such ideas to t he Federal Water Pollution Control Administration is strongly encouraged. Some of t he t echnical areas out lined are currently under evaluation by means of either grant or contract projects, for exam.pler Most of the

�.. 7 more conventional storage techniques including the use of tanks with pump-back to the interceptor, surface storage ponds, treatment lagoons are underway. More unique applications of storage principals such as localized "upstream" storage to prevent overloading of "downstream" sewers need further development. The use of chlorine to disinfect storm and combined sewer discharges· is included in several projects, therefore new disinfection techniques suitable for application to high volume -- short duration flows need exploration. Similar examples can be found in any of the major technical areas listed. The brief descriptions of existing demonstration projects will serve as additional examples of work being done. Any further duplication of these control methods will be minimized as much as possible to permit activation of projects designed to explore technical areas not now being evaluated. Some duplication will be in order so as to provide evaluation of function under a suitable variety of hydrological conditions.

�l MEMORANDUM

TO:

Pub l ic Work s Committee

REFERENCE : Local Storm Water Facilities There exists in t h e Atlanta Area a serious condition resulting from inadequate and outdated storm sewer s and drainage structures .

This

condition has existed for many years but grown worse each year with continued development and normal obsolescence rates . Atlanta has hundreds of areas that flood with each rain of two inch intensity or more , hundre ds of unders i zed or deteriorated culverts, hundreds of miles of restricted streams with no bank stabilization, and over 75 miles of streams carrying combined storm and sanitary s ewage overflows with each rain.

The s e con ditions are compoun de d by

poor sanita tion practices in many neighborhoods which allows the dump ing o f tfa sh a nd debris into streams and drainage sy stems ca using ob structio n o f both op eni. di t che s a nd cul v e r t s downstream.

There i s pre s ently available no comprehensive map record of the e x ist ing dr a i nage sys tem .

No drawings , loca tion p lans, or size dat a i s

availab l e for l ocation or p l a nn i ng , and no staff capabi l ity i s avail able t o pre s ently undertake this necessary prerequisite to do comprehensiv e planning and eva l uation o f th e prob lem scope i n any de t a i l . The City implemented a system o f sewer serv ice charges in 1967 which provides for the operation a n d maint enance of t he s an i tary sewer system and certain e-lements of the combined sewer system.

Presently, funds

from this revenue source are being used to maintain the storm sewer system con~rary ' to the intent and stated purpose s 9f the service charge

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�ordinance .

This cannot continue and c ertainly cannot be expande d to

provid e for enlargement or i mprovements to the storm sewer system.

On

the contrary it wil l be ne ces sary to reduce the present l evel o f ezp en d itures from this source to meet bond ordinanc e

commitment s t o buyers .

There are no genera l fund appropriat ions provided for storm s ewers dur ing 1967 . The Atlanta Reg ion Metropolitan Planning Commission, in compliance with a requirement o f the Ho using Act o f 1965, ha s re c ently initiated an 18 month comprehensive study on a generaliz ed scope of "Water and Sewage Problems o f the Metropolitan Area . 11

This study will supposedly lay the

ground work f or deve lopment o f a comprehens ive Ma ster Plan for Water and Sewer Development in the Metrop olitan Area .

The dif f iculty here i s th a t this study will consider only the sanitary and combined sewer elements o f the prob l em and wil l not consider in any way the storm sewer aspe c ts.

If the comprehensive study is to develop

a proposa l f or system expansion and reorganiza tion to include restruc ture of revenues and po li ti cal boundaries in order to obtain future solution s to e x isting problems it must be able to intelli gently evaluate and i n c l ude t he other 50% o f the t ota l probl em; th a t o f s t orm s ewers and dra inag e sy s t ems.

There is no way in wh ich this can be done a t

pre s ent . The probl ems reflected previou s ly have two distinc t fa c et s; they a re : 1.

Immedi a t e e ffort s to f i nanc e and cons truct relief facilitie s i n health hazard area s , together wi th i n itiat ion o f s t udies to devel op scope and solution

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�to the overall problem . 2.

Future effor ts includi ng a massive construc tion program growi ng from earlier study would develop : problem areas, problem s cope, me thods of f i nancing , deve lopment o f plans and schedules •

.. A cursory study o f the work to be done , indicate s that the following s equenc·e;: of events should take place :

1967

Allocate fun ds t o provide immedi ate relief for priprity problems \$1,000,000 (see N6te 1).

1967

Allocate fund s and authorize minimum staffing and con sultant con t rac t t o initiate mapp ing pro gram . (See note 2).

1968

Al locate continued emer gency relief funds f or op erations and improvements o f storm water system.

1968

Allo cate funds f or contract study and mapp ing assistance by consultant in-house staff .

1969

Develop program organization and financing for comprehensive s o lution o f problem areas.

1969-1973

Launch massiv e Capital Improvement Program which might well require five years.

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�Note 1: Preliminary plans and, ih some case, cost estimates exist on numerous projecrs causing recurring problems.

Those pres ently read for contract

letting include the following: 1.

Culvert:

Wilson Avenue, N. W.

2.

Storm Sewer:

Clarondale Drive, N. W.

3o

Storm Sewer:

Springside Drive,

4.

Culvert:

5.

Storm Sewe rs:

Brookwood Inter~hange

6.

Storm Sewer:

Ellsworth Ind . Drive

7.

Storm Sewer:

8.

Storm Sewers:

Peachtree Avenue, _N. W.

9.

Culverts:

N. Stratford Road , N. W.

10.

Storm Sewe rs: ·

Blake Avenue , S. E.

11.

Storm Sewe r:

Stoval l Street , S. E.

12.

Storm Sewer:

McDonough Boulevard, S. E.

13.

Culvert:

Boulevard Driye, S . E. (should allocate f or open c hannel

14.

Storm Sewer :

Piedmont Way, N. E .

15.

Storm Sewe r:

Porter Drive, N. W.

16.

Storm Sewer:

Ol dfield

17.

Storm Sewer:

Grand Avenue , S. W.

18.

Storm Sewer:

19.

Storm Sewer:

20.

Storm Sewer:

Montro·s e Avenue, S. W.

21.

Storm Sewer:

Hazelwood Drive, S. W.

220

Storm Sewer:

Collier Drive, N. W.

23.

Storm Sewer:

Macon Drive,

24.

Storm Sewer :

Rhodenhaven Drive·, N. W.

s:

Eo

·charlene Avenue , N. E .

s.

W.

�Note 1 (Cont'd) 25.

Culvert:

Peachtree-Dunwoody, N. E.

26.

Storm Sewer:

27.

Storm Sewer:

Armour Drive , N. E. ·

28.

Culverts:

29 .

Storm Sewer:

Bellview Avenue, N. E.

30. · Storm Sewe r:

Monument Ave nue, S. E.

.Jonesboro Rd., S. E. (Should alloc a te for open channe)

w:

31.

Storm Sewer: .

Str atford Roa d , N.

32.

Storm Seiver:

Club Drive, N. E.

33.

Storm Sewer:

Griffin Street, N. W.

34 .

Open Channel:

Clear Creek

35.

Culverts:

Cleve land Avenue, S. E.

36.

Culverts:

Pryor Road , S. E. (should allocate for op en channe l)

37.

Storm Sewer :

Grant Park, S. E.

38.

Storm Sewer:

39.

Culve rt:

40.

Storm Sewer :

Milton Avenue, S. E.

41.

Storm Sewer :

42.

Storm Sewer:

Egan Homes

43.

Open Channe l:

Napo l e on Avenue, S~ W.

44.

Storm Sewer :

Cahaba · Drive, S. W.

45.

Storm Sewer:

Vannoy and Dahlgr een, S. E

46.

Open Channe l:

Santa Monica Drive, N. W.

4 7.

Storm Sewer:

East Beechwood Drive, N. W.

48.

Storm Sewer:

49.

Storm Sewer:

Northsi de Drive, N. W.

so.

St orm Sewer:

Farrington Place, S. E.

51.

Storm Sewer:

Holly Roa<l, N. W.

'

Penelope Cir cle, S . E.

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�Note 2:

A workab l e program could be initia t e d with an in- house staff doing preliminary p l anning and base map development, then, negotiat ing a c ontract with a suitable consultant to supplement st~ff and facilities. An in- house staff essent i ally as listed here ,vould provide this capability : One each Sen ior Civi l Engineer One each Civil Engineer Four each Draftsman II This staff capabil ity should be supplemented by a consulting contrac t t he following purpose s and ob jectives :

1.

Provide final map drawings.

2.

Provide fiel d contro l and lo ca tions.

3.

Provide topo graph ic map ba se material .

4.

Study existing system.

5.

Evaluate system trouble spots.

6.

Recommend improvements .

7.

Develop problem scope and f inancing base .

8.

Deve lop plans and s chedule s.

9.

Provide Ma ster Plan.

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1.:

ith