Box 7, Folder 10, Document 19

Dublin Core

Text Item Type Metadata


House Hearings on Poverty
Forecast Floor Fight on OEO

Hearings on legislation to
extend the antipoverty programs of
the Office of Economic Opportunity
(OEO) for five years began in the
House Education and Labor Commit-
tee March 24. Comments at the
opening hearing made clear that
committee members will be sharply
divided over a one-year or five-
year extension of OEO.

President Nixon has asked for
a one-year extension, saying that
would allow time for his Adminis-
tration to conduct a comprehensive
review of antipoverty programs.
However, the House chairman, Rep.
Carl D. Perkins (D Ky.), favors a
five-year extension and has intro-
duced HR 513 to accomplish that.

Continued on Page 2





* Employment Status of non-disabled ,
non-aged household heads

oT ee Te


April 11, 1969 -- Vol. I, No. 4

HEW Proposes Increased Funds
For Community Health Centers

Much larger federal grants
for outpatient clinics, neighbor-
hood health centers and skilled
nursing homes have been proposed
to Congress by the Department of
Health, Education and Welfare.

HEW Secretary Robert H. Finch
asked the House Subcommittee on
Public Health and Welfare March 25
to rewrite the Hill-Burton Hospi-
tal Construction law to put in-
creased emphasis on outpatient
health care.

"The distances traveled and

hours spent in waiting for such
services by millions of our people
testify to the critical nature of
this need in almost every commu-
nity," Finch said.

Sen. Jacob K. Javits (R. NY)
has introduced a bill (S 1733)
that carries out the HEW propos-
als. It authorizes $150 million
this year for allocation by the
states to the facilities Finch
suggested. However, the present
federal program of grants for
acute-care hospital beds would be
changed to a federally guaranteed
loan program, without interest
subsidy to the hospitals.

The Action Council Letter reports legislative developments in the urban field. It is published by the Urban Coalition
Action Council, which seeks needed urban legislation
vancement of Negroes, Spanish-
speaking Americans and Indians.

The president of the National
Alliance of Businessmen, Donald M.
Kendall, told an April 1 meeting
of businessmen participating in
the JOBS program for the hard-core
unemployed that the major need is
to provide jobs with marketable
skills, not just menial jobs. As
evidence of discrimination in
upper-level positions, Kendall
said that of some 50,000 corporate
officers in this country, only two
dozen are blacks.

The statistical report on dis-
crimination was issued in March by
the Equal Employment Opportunity
Commission. Among industries

where discrimination is most pre-
valent, the report said, are those
with a large proportion of well-
paid employees with better-than-
average educational backgrounds.
The EEOC found that minority group
employees who succeed in getting
jobs in such companies "can expect
few promotions."

Proposals for developing mar-
ketable skills in lower-level jobs
were made in the General Account-
ing Office's review of antipoverty
programs. It found that "inten-
Sive classroom and work-experience
programs" are essential to develop
skills needed to rise above the
helper and laborer categories for
workers. ;

Congressional Liaison Men Named for HEW, HUD, Labor

The Departments of Health,
Education and Welfare, Housing and
Urban Development, and Labor have
new appointees in charge of car-
rying their legislative programs
to Congress.

The Urban Coalition Action
Council has had meetings with
these officials and plans to keep
in close touch with the legisla-
tive programs they develop.

HEW liaison with Congress is
in charge of Creed C. Black, Assis-
tant Secretary for Legislation. A
newspaperman and editor, with an
M.A. in political science from the
University of Chicago, Black was
executive editor of the Chicago
Daily News until he joined HEW.

His principal deputy, with
responsibility for education leg-
islation, is Charles B. Saunders
Jr. Saunders has been assistant
to the president of Brookings In-
stitution since 1961, and before
that was an assistant to former
HEW Secretary Arthur S. Flemming.

The Assistant for Congression-
al Affairs for the HUD Secretary,
George Romney, is Jack Woolley,
former director of government re-
lations for the TRW Systems Group,
a Redondo Beach, Calif., space and
defense contractor. A graduate of



Two Departmental Congressional Liaison Officers
Creed C. Black, HEW Jack Woolley, HUD

the U.S. Merchant Marine Academy,
Woolley gained Washington experi-
ence as legislative affairs assis-
tant to the Secretary of the Navy
and to the Secretary of Defense in
the Eisenhower Administration.

The Labor Department's new
Special Assistant for Legislative
Affairs is William L. Gifford, a
former student of the law and po-
litical reporter. From 1959 to
1968 he was the administrative as-
sistant to then-Representative
Charles E. Goodell, now a U.S.
Senator from New York. Gifford is
a graduate of Fordham University.

Democratic, GOP Urban Plans
Issued by Economic Committee

Recommendations for action
in the urban field were made in an
April 1 report by the joint Con-
gressional Economic Committee.

Democratic Recommendations

Employment, manpower and
training programs should be ex-
panded and improved by:

-- providing comprehensive
coordinated assistance;

-- meeting critical skill
shortages such as medical services
and housing;

-- adding to the JOBS Pro-
gram, conducted by private busi-
ness, a public sector program to
hire the disadvantaged for public
service jobs.

Income maintenance (welfare)
programs for those unable to work
are underfunded and uncoordinated.
They must be improved by:

-- provision for equal treat-
ment of every needy citizen re-
gardless of location;

-- establishment of a single
local office or representative to
whom the needy can turn with as-
surance for assistance.

The highest priority must be
given to developing programs for
a massive environmental recon-
struction of urban and rural Amer-
ica, including:

-- allocation of the neces-
sary resources, both public and
private, to economic development
of maximum social impact;

-- achievement of the goal of
a decent home and a suitable liv-
ing environment for every Ameri-
can family, as provided for by the
Housing and Urban Development Act
of 1968;

-- increased funding for
antipoverty programs, especially
on the neighborhood level, and for
the model cities program.

Republican Views

Employment, manpower and
training programs benefit the in-

dividual and the economy and
should be expanded and improved:

-- consolidate various ap-
proaches into single comprehensive

-- insure that MDTA programs
train people for skills in demand;
-- stimulate job training

through Federal tax credits;

-- improve job information
and worker mobility;

-- recognize that overly ra-
pid increases in the Federal mini-
mum wage may reduce employment op-

-- intensify efforts to re-
duce discrimination in employment.

Welfare and poverty:

-- recommend guaranteeing em-
ployment opportunity rather than
guaranteeing income as best ap-
proach to alleviating poverty;

-- study national minimum
level of welfare assistance with
increased Federal support;

-- expand efforts to stimu-
late welfare recipients to become
more self-sufficient.

Improving the urban communi-

-- expand resources available
to State and local governments;

-- revenue sharing should be
seriously considered;

-- enlist the help of the
private sector in community devel-
opment through approaches such as
the Community Self-Determination

-- improve the quality of
housing through activation of the
National Corporation of Housing
Partnerships and fair housing,
zoning and tax reforms.

The Urban Coalition Action Council
1819 H St., N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20006
Tel: 202 293-1530

Chairman: John W. Gardner
Co-Chairmen: Andrew Heiskell
A. Philip Randolph
Executive Director: Lowell R. Beck
Legislative Associates: John P. Lagomarcino
Ronald J. James
Assistant for Legislative Information:
Georgianna F. Rathbun

public items show