Box 13, Folder 21, Document 46

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Racial Powder Keg: Negro-White
Hostility Is Mounting in Cleveland

Contined From Page One
reason: The “tong history of negotintions with,
and broken promises from, the lecel povern-

ment." 3 Locher accuses Mr. Weaver of
Hall and the Cleveland business com:

munity are at odds.

The Inner City Action Commitice, ted

sl Ralph Besse of Cleveland Electric

inating Co., was after the 1966
Hew h riots, to help the city cope with ita
racial problems. t after six months it

“the city administration will not accept mean-
ingful ,assistance and coordination.” Mir,
Locher accuses the businessmen of “playing

cs with th ‘being of the people of

City Hall and the responsible Negro leadar-
ship are mt odds.
“Frequently when [t's most needed, the
Negro leadership Just fant the!
charges. Leo Jackson, a Negro elty council
man. replies with equal intensity: “Locher's
a decent, honest, sincere gentleman, but you
can't be a fentleman and cope with the prob
lema of thin town, You've got to be a hard.
fisted, practical guy who'll tnke risks."
Established Negro leadership and the Ne-
gro community are at odda.
A training program #ponsored by the Na-
onal Association for the Advancement of
Colored People and the Urban League has
flopped badly in ita aim of getting Negroes
into building trades jobs, Ernest C. Cooper,
the Urban League director, saya: “We were
fn the posiion of preparing people to be pul
on shelves." With thin failure, the NAACE
and Urban League dropped another notch in
the esteem of Cleveland's Negroes. According
te ene civil rights specialist, “The NAACP
couldn't mobilize a picket line of 10 people

‘The Negro community and the police are
at odds.
Hartell Jones, slender Negro identified
by ® grand jury aa a leading figure In lant
purines rists, but never indicted, and who
as a building maintenance man
in m Hugh, aasosses the current mood of the
ghetto as worse than a year ago. ‘The rea-
sont “Police brutality, ie Pol! Chiet
Richard Wagner replica: “We have re beaeae
weat of the CQuynhoga; a
hose cast of the Cuyahoga.” Moat ‘whites live
on the west side of the Cuyahoga River,
which mina through the middle of Cleveland;
most Negroen live on the east side,
Movement in the Schoote
‘Still, Mr. Wagner hoo established La Hid
community relations anit in the
and has opened eight new police aihistic © cone
fers for slum youths, Also, there has been
some movement In education. A mew
board han Initiated the construction of some

“Tha only right spot IT can think of in
our schools," anys Alan icandnl of the Jewlah
Community Federation.
‘There are other activists at work, but with:
out much visible result, ‘The Businesany
Interracial Committees on Community Aol
la conscientious but, anys Mr. Cooper, a mem:
ber, “they'te Involved mostiy im long-range
planning, not immediate action.” Two wood:
eeenels leade associations have nese
to rehabilitate a sretion of
ihe Project is said to be elymied by slum
landiords who have jacked up prices. Other
public and private tehabilitalion Projects
amount to a drop in the bucket.
Mayor Locher, for hin part, has nome plans
he expects to reveal aa election timo ap
proaches, He already has repaved some slum
re talled new street igh med bled
off the streets tnndreds of junked cars, Soon
‘he bopes to start a citywide rat control pro-
gram, collect ghetto trash weekly Instead of
let some contracts for play areas
vestpocket"’ parks, and augment the
supply of housing inspectors, polleemen
edical personnel,
Money Droblenis
Dut all is costs money, and the mayor in| a
having his troubles on thal score. Volera de-
Teaien city Income tax In 1085. Last year the
council enacted a tax to be effective thin
past Inn. 1, but dingruniled citizens have
forced the levy to another ot box tent, to
be held in May or June, "If the tax ia de-
tented," says Mr. et
have to be a severe cutback
Anyway, the mayor iz wil move
so far, To him some iflc recommenda:
Hons for easing racial tension In Cleveland
advanced by the Civil Righta Commission are
and he in wteadiastly Joyal to ble
Inner City Action Com+
the city with dol
anari the urban renewal
tangle, insisted on the removal of the city's
urban renewal el ‘The mayor refused.
Mr. Locher is looking ta Washington
some new help. The White House Is expected
te announce soon a crash program to provide
Joba for unemployed Negroes in 19 cities, and
the mayor believes Cleveinnd will be one. But
Mr. Kandel of the Jewish Community Fede:
who has been in on some of the loral
not ree — “In ton
“They're tr about placine
June, fy that only ate


Leas than two months away ia the “dooms
day" pinpointed by Ahmed. He is quite correct
In predicting an eclipse of the sun on May
but authorities say the eclipse will be partial
and won't turn the Cleveland sky dark. And
Ahmed's forecass of revolt may be wildiy
exaggerated, But other events #cheduled for
Cleveland soon mre likely to arouse racial

Better Martin Lather King

‘The Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. will visit
Cleveland soon te help prepare for slnvulta-
neoun demonstrations this summer here and In
other cities. The militant Congress of Racial
Equality (CORE) has narrowed its aearen san
& summer “demonstration city" to
Onkland, Calif, and Newark, NJ. A
man here mayer It is “quite possible" th

8 target city,
aye J.B. Stoner, view chairman of the white
supremacist National States Rights Party,
“rel came to Cleveland t9 Ainge peaceful
cons riemonstrations.”” Last summer, after
en Rights Party rally in Baltimore,
th i008 GORE domonatration cliy, whites and
Neprona tangled in the ta

pantalicast in thie city in a few
weeks. ‘There are

Baal, Perey inienie activity here this spring.
at the othet and teal

but} 2octal

for cleared the way for further diversification of


‘The Ku Klux Kian ts preparing for an or-| cont

reports that the American}

investigating last summer’
evidence of Commiinial Party participation,
Loral organization fk proceeding on bath
aides of the color line. The United Black
Brotherhood (UBB), formed Inst fa
garded by Police Chiet W: aentaeay
racial," is actively Invalved in
in black" that present Abmed nnd others te
the Negro community. Bu, doaim of
the “dialogues” to to steer militants away
from violence and toward peaceful protest,
But police say the effect ts to unite Negroes
under the UBE banner,
Lewis Robinson, identified by m grand jury
a leader in last summers rola bul never

lam. Now we want to pull all these things to-
gether.” He views noting aa “productive and
geod, a warning that drastic measures must
be taken,”

Martell Joner alse helloves Neg

@ single group for cal pars
ane to strike out on his own this
month lo organize such a group.

White Organieing,

An organising drive among whites is beng
Manned by Robert Annnble, chairman of the
Cleveland-based National Christian Conserva-
live Society ami also head of the North Ameri-
fan Allinnee of White People, Mr. Annable,

who believes that Negroes are “culturally and
intellectually inferior," witl begin holding ral-
Hes. in May. Willinm Murphree, vice president
White Citizens Council of Ohio, suh-
canbe tn many of Mtr, Annable'a beilefs and
also pins rallies.

The special Largeta of all these racial ar
Ranizers, whether they admit itor not, are the
youncsters of this ‘city of nations,” mast of
whom live in neighborhesds that are sharply
segregated along nalionality as well as racial
lines, Murrny Hill is largely Italian, Sowinskt
Park largely Polish, Hough Inrgely Negro, and
80 on,

As the pressures of social change have
mounted, what once were youth clubs have
become gangs and now, eay social workers
and police nlike, they are turning more vi-
ciously racist, “We know that white and Negro
youth gangs new are clashiny ’ Mr. Kan
del, Vand we didn't have thal 1.

Tn Collinwoed, a white neighborhood pest to
the Negro Glenville section, a young fellow
in hla twenti sayat “When the civil rights
groups sald they were going to march this
summer in our neighborhood, a bunch of the

club" he refers bo
hood social chub.
Federation say
bulldup of guna in the Collinwood area,"
"Chain Gang

ment of ona member'a hame, mbonting at par
per targetn they cali ‘niggers, * a ancial work
er anys. “The piirpose for the guns, they any,
Is to defend themselves ngainat the Negroes
when {be rinta come again this surmmer,”*

In another white section, on the western
tangs ‘of Hough, signs tacked on telephane

nel painted om buildings warn “Nigger,

tis is Alley Rat territory, keep your ass oul,"
or wh a, ee for President." This is the
work of the Alley Raia gang whose members,
workers say, have altended meetings of
the American Nazi Party in Detroit and Pitts
burgh. The Outlaws, a Cleveland motoreyele
ota) Is repented Imying plana to attack the
Checkered Cherubs, a Negro motorcycle club.

The United Black Brotherhood, whose
strongholds have been found by police to eon-
tain fire bombs, has begun within the past
few weeks lo instruct some Negro youth gangs
in “guerrilia warfare." Police Chief Wagner
says the URE han made contact with the
Pomlermsaa, 3 200.member group preoceupled
unul recently with vandalism but now turn:
ing incrensingly anti-white,

A similar turn, saya the police chief, has
been detected among other Negro
auch a ihe Delamores, the Devil’ ples:
and the Marquis. ey're getting away from |,
Fang activity and are forming militant racial
organizations,” Mr. Wagner declares.

Interco Inc. Holders
Vote Stock Increases
Boost in Common and Preferred,

Creation of a New Preferred
To Enable Further Diversifying

By o Wart, STamer JounmaL Sinft Meporter
ST. — Interco Inc. shareholders

the company by vollng to increase authorized
fommon by four million shares, and the exiat-
ing preferred by 227,000 shares In addition
creating a new preferred issue of one mil-
Hon shares,
Hewever, aside from oo pending scqudal-
lion of Sam Shatnherg Co., Memphin, Tenn.,
Operator of 77 junior department stores, for
410,000 shares of the present preferred, Interca
ian"t serieusly studying any possible acqui
Norfiect H. Rand, vice chairman of the
board and treasurer, sald after the, meeting.
ince 226, Tnterco has pursued an active
diversification program. It operates 210 junior
department stores, eight work ond play eloth-
Ing faetories and six retall hardware
plus its shor manufacturing and
Operations, “We're Interetted primariiy in the
soft goods, althourh we'd coasider any eld
that looked promising," Mtr. Mand said.
Bales and rarnings in December and Jan
uary, the first Wwe months of the company's
fecal year, showed an improvement over toe
Leiprovernint™ 7
for Use quarter ended Feb. 28 from Ure frat
peried of facet 1968, when Interco earned
53,851,227, of $1.09 a share, on sales of #108,
620,844, excluding results of Tdnho Department
Stora Co., sequired ia February 266,
Mr. Rand also predicted higher sales and
ing Nov. 20, even

Sam Bhainberg

a basis for last year,

Idaho Department
emily for nine mona

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